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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Dest imitation of the great satire of Butler," says R. W.
Griswold, "that has been written." He was a judge
of the supreme court of errors (or superior court) from
1808 to 1819. Died at Detroit in May, 1831.

See R. W. GRISWOLD, " Poets and Poetry of America," p. 41 ;
DUYCKINCK, "Cyclopzdia of American Literature," vol. l.

Trumbull, (JOHN,) an eminent painter, born at Leba-
non, Connecticut, in 1756. On the breaking out of the
Revolution, he entered the army, and was appointed in
1775 aide-de-camp to Washington. In :?8o he visited
London, where he became a pupil of West. Returning
to America, he produced, in 1796, his " Battle of Bunker
Hill," a master-piece of its kind, which was followed by
the " Death of Montgomery," and " Sortie of the Garri-
son from Gibraltar." His most important works are th
pictures in the rotunda of the Capitol at Washington.
Among these we may name " The Surrender of Corn-
wallis," the " Resignation of General Washington at
Annapolis," "Declaration of Independence," and the
"Surrender of Burgoyne." He presented fifty-five of
his works to Yale College. Died in 1843.
Sec his "Autobiography."

Trumbull, (JONATHAN,) an American statesman, bon.
at Lebanon, Connecticut, in 1710, was the father of the
preceding. He was elected Governor of the State in 1769,
continuing in that office fourteen years. He was highly
esteemed by Washington for his talents and integrity.
Died in 1785.

Trumbull, (JONATHAN,) a son of the preceding, was
born at Lebanon, Connecticut, in 1740. On the break-
ing out of the war of the Revolution, he was appointed
paymaster to the Northern department of the army, and
was afterwards secretary and first aide-de-camp to Wash-
ington. He was elected to Congress in 1 789, was Speaker
of the House of Representatives from 1791 to 1793, and
became a Senator of the United States in 1795. He
enjoyed the friendship and confidence of General Wash-
ington. In 1 798 he was chosen Governor of Connecticut.
He held the office of Governor eleven years,
1809.



Died in



as k; 9 as s; % hard; g as/.- G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as mthis. ( J^="See Explanations, p. 23.)



TRUMBULL



2344



TUCKER



Trumbull, (LYMAN,) an American judge and Senator,
born at Colchester, Connecticut, in 1813. He removed
to Illinois in his youth, and became a judge of the supreme
court of that State in 1848. Having joined the Repub-
lican party, he was elected United States Senator by
the legislature of Illinois in 1854, 1860, and 1866, serving
as chairman of the committee on the judiciary for many
years. Died June 15, 1896.

Trfim'bull or Trfim'ball, (Sir WILLIAM,) an Eng-
lish statesman, born in Berkshire in 1636. He studied
at Oxford, and was successively appointed to several
important offices under the government. He was envoy-
extraordinary to France in 1685, and after the accession
of Tames II. was ambassador to Constantinople. Having
returned to England in 1691, he was appointed in 1695
iecretary of state. He died in 1716. He was distin-
guished for his learning and his literary tastes, and was
an intimate friend of Pope and Dryden.

Trutzschler, von, fon tRoots'shler, (FRIEDRICH
KARL ADOLF,) a German jurist and legal writer, born
near Weida in 1751 ; died in 1831.

Trftz'ton or Trux'tfln, (THOMAS,) an American
naval officer, born on Long Island in 1755. As captain of
a privateer, he took several valuable prizes during the
Revolution. He obtained the rank of captain in the navy
in 1795, with the command of the frigate Constellation,
thirty -eight guns, and captured in February, 1799, the
French frigate L'Insurgente. He received from Congress
a gold medal for his victory over the French frigate La
Vengeance, fifty-four guns, February, 1800. Died in 1822.

Truxtun. See TRUXTON.

Tryphiodore. See TRYPHIODORUS.

Tryph-I-o-do'rus, [Gr. Tpvtjiioiapof ; Fr. TRYPHIO-
DORE, tRe'fe'o'doR',] a Greek poet and grammarian, born
In Egypt in the latter part of the fifth or early part of
the sixth century, was the author of an epic poem on
the destruction of Troy, several editions of which have
been published.

Try'phon, [Gr. Tpi^uv,] an eminent engraver of
gems, is supposed to have lived about 300 B.C. Among
his extant works is a gem representing the reconciliation
of Eros and Psyche.

Try'phon, (DIOD'OTUS,) King of Syria, usurped
the throne in 142 B.C., after he had murdered Antiocnus,
the infant son of Alexander Balas. He was defeated
and put to death by Antiochus Sidetes in 139 B.c,

Tryph-o-ni'nus, (CLAUDIUS,) a Roman jurist, who
flourished under the reign of Septimius Severus, was the
author of a number of legal works, fragments of which
are extant

Tscharner, tshaR'ner, (JoHANN BAPTIST,) a Swiss
statesman, born in 1751 ; died in 1835.

Tscherning, tsheR'ning, (ANDREAS,) a German lyric
poet, born at Bunzlau in 161 1, became professor of poetry
at Rostock. Died in 1659.

Tschirner, (HEINRICH GOTTLIEB.) See TZSCHIRNER.

Tschirnhausen, von, fon tshee'Rn'hSw'zen, (EHREN-
FRIED WALTER,) an eminent German mathematician
and philosopher, born near Gorlitz, in Upper Lusatia,
in 1651. He travelled in various countries of Europe,
and after his return established in Saxony several man-
ufactories of glass. He made burning lenses and
mirrors of enormous size. One of these was three feet
in diameter, with a focal distance of twelve feet. About
1867 he published a philosophical work called " Medicine
of the Mind," ("Medicina Mentis.") Died in 1708.
See " Leben Tschirnhausens," lyog ; FONTRNELLH, " filoges. "

Tschudi, tshoo'dee, [Lat TSCHU'WUS, | (jEoiDius,)
one of the earliest Swiss historians, was born at Glarus
in 1505. He filled several important offices under the
government, and in 1559 was ambassador at the court
of Vienna. His voluminous works are chiefly in manu-
script. The most important of those published is
his "Chronicle of Switzerland from 1000 A.D. to 1470,"
(in German,) which is esteemed a standard authority in
Swiss history. Died in 1572.

See FUCHS, " M. Tschudi's Leben and Schriften," 2 vols,, 1805 ;
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Tschudi, von, fon tshoo'dee, (FRIEDRICH,) a Swiss
author, brother of J. J. von Tschudi, was born at Glarus
in 1820. He was at first a clergyman, and after 1846



entered upon political life. His chief work is " The
Zoology of the Alps," (Das Thierleben der Alpemvelt.
1852 ; often reprinted.) He also published a work on
the relations of birds and insects to agriculture, and a
volume of agricultural lectures for young readers. In
1884 he was a member of the Council of the Swiss Poly-
technic School. Died January 25, 1886.

Tschudi, von, von tshoo'dee, (JOHANN JAKOB,) a
Swiss naturalist, of the same family as the preceding, was
born at Glarus in 1818. He visited Peru in 1838, and
published, after his return, " Sketches of Travel in Peru,"
" Antiquities of Peru," prepared in conjunction with Don
Mariano de Rivera, and other works. Died in 1880.

Tachudius. See TSCHUDI, (.^GIDIUS.)

Taong-kha-pa, tsong-Ki-pi, (also written bTsong-
kha-pa, and sometimes called BLo-B SANG-GRAGGS-PA,
the " Famous Sage,") a great Thibetan reformer, born at
Kooboom (Kunbum, or ssKu'bum) about 1357. He
became a monk, and then a hermit, began to preach as
a reformer at Lhassa about 1390, and died in 1419. He
first organized the Lamaist hierarchy in its present form.
He wrote many voluminous works, of which those called
" Sumbun" and " Lam Nimch Hen Po" (" The Great
Step-Road towards Perfection") are best known. A
vast number of absurd legends regarding him are pre-
served by his followers.

Tsze Hsi An, Dowager Empress of China, was of
a noble Manchu family, and became one of the wives of
the Emperor Hein Fung, who ascended the throne in
1850. She became a favourite, was made co-empress,
and her son, Tung Chi, succeeded to the throne, she
becoming regent. He died in 1875, and she raised
her nephew, Kwang Seu, to the throne, ruling as
regent until his majority. When he subsequently
attempted reform movements, she, with the aid of the
conservative party, deprived him of authority and
regained control of the government, which, under her
influence, encouraged the Boxer outbreak against the
foreign ministers in 1900.

Tu'bal-Cain, a son of Lamech, is regarded as th
inventor of the art of working in metals.

See Genesis iv. 22.

Tu'be-ro, (QuiNTUS,) a Roman orator and jurist, and
friend of Cicero. He was a partisan of the senate and
of Pompey in the civil war.

Tubi, too'bee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) [Fr. TUBY LB
ROMAIN, tii'be' leh ro'maN',] a sculptor, born at Rome
in 1635. He worked at Versailles and Paris. Died 'n
Paris in 1700.

Tuby. See TUBI.

Tuch, t65K, (JoHANN CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man Orientalist and theologian, born at Quedlinburg in
1806. He studied at Halle, and became professor of
theology at Leipsic about 1842. He published a " Com-
mentary on Genesis," (1838.) Died April 12, 1867.

Tuck'^r, (ABRAHAM,) an English metaphysician, born
in London in 1705, was a son of a merchant, who left
him a large fortune. He was educated at Oxford, pur-
chased Betchworth Castle, near Dorking, in 1727, and
married a Miss Barker in 1736. His principal work is
entitled "The Light of Nature Pursued," by Edward
Search, (4 vols., 1765.) "He was naturally endowed,"
says Sir J. Mackintosh, " not, indeed, witn more than
ordinary acuteness or sensibility, nor with a high degree
of reach and range of mind, but with a singular capacity
for careful observation and original reflection, and with
a fancy perhaps unmatched in producing various and
happy illustration. It is in mixed, not in pure, philoso-
phy, that his superiority consists. In the part of his
work which relates to the intellect, he has adopted much
from Hartley." (See " View of the Progress of Ethical
Philosophy.") " I have found in this writer," says Paley,
" more original thinking and observation upon the seve-
ral subjects that he has taken in hand than in any other,
not to say than in all others put together." (Preface to
" Moral and Political Philosophy.") Died in 1774.

See SIR HENRY MILDMAY, notice prefixed to an edition of the
" Light of Nature Pursued," 7 vols., 1851.

Tuck'er, (BEVERLY,) son of Saint George Tucker,
noticed below, was born at Matoax, Virginia, in 1784.



a, e, T, 6, u, y, long; a, e, d, same, less prolonged; a, e, t, o, u, y short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m4t; not; good; monn;



TUCKER



TULLIN



He became in 1834 professor of law in William and
Mary Co'lege. He published legal works and several
novels, on 1 ; of which, entitled " The Partisan Leader,"
dated in 1837, foretold the secession of the Southern
States, which took place in 1861. Died in 1851.

Tucker, (GEORGE,) an American jurist, born in Vir-
ginia in 1775. He was elected to Congress in 1819,
1821, and 1823, and became professor of law in the
University of Virginia in 1825. He published a "Life
of Thomas Jefferson" and a " History of the United
States," (4 vols., 18^6, 1858.) Died in 1861.

Tucker, (HENRY SAINT GEORGE,) an American jurist,
born in Virginia in 1779, was professor of law in the
University of Virginia. He published " Lectures on
Natural Law and Government," and other legal works,
which were highly esteemed. Died in 1848.

Tucker, (JosiAH,) an English political writer and
clergyman, born in Carmarthenshire in 1711, was edu-
cated at Oxford. He became curate of Saint Stephen's,
Bristol, and obtained the friendship and patronage of
Bishop Butler, who appointed him rector of Saint Ste-
phen's in 1749. In 1758 he became Dean of Gloucester.
He wrote several treatises on commerce, taxes, monop-
olies, etc., among which we notice " Reflections on the
Present Matters in Dispute between Great Britain and
Ireland," (1785.) In this work he advocated greater free-
dom of trade. He also published a " Treatise concerning
Civil Government," (1781.) Died in 1799.

See " Nouveile Biographic I 'fin-rale ;" " Monthly Review" for
October and November, 1781.

Tucker, (LUTHER,) an American journalist, born at
Brandun, Vermont, in 1802. He became a printer, and
in 1826 established at Rochester, in New York, "The
Rochester Daily Advertiser," the first daily paper west
of Albany. In January, 1831, he began to issue, at Roch-
ester, " The Genesee Farmer," which was afterwards con-
solidated with " The Albany Cultivator." In 1852 he com-
menced the publication of" The Country Gentleman," an
agricultural paper of high character. To Mr. Tucker
belongs the credit of the first successful introduction of
agricultural periodical literature among the people in the
United States. Died January 26, 1873.

Tucker, (SAINT GEORGE,) an American jurist and
miscellaneous writer, born on the island of Bermuda in
1752. Having settled in Virginia, he married in 1778
Mrs. Randolph, mother of the celebrated John Ran-
dolph. He rose through several offices to be judge of
the district court of the United States. He published
numerous works, in prose and verse. Died in 1827.

Tucker, (SAMUEL,) an American commodore, born
in Massachusetts in 1747. He was appointed captain
in the navy by General Washington, and commanded
with success in several actions. Died in 1833.

Tuck'er-man, (HENRY THEODORE,) an American
critic and miscellaneous writer, born at Boston in 1813.
Having visited Italy, he published in 1835 "The Italian
Sketch-Book," which was followed by "Sicily, a Pilgrim-
age," (1839,) "Thoughts on the Poets," (1846, translated
into German,) " Artist Life, or Sketches of American
Painters," (1847,) " Characteristics of Literature," (1849,)
"Memorial of Horatio Greenough," (1853,) "Biographi-
cal Essays," (1857,) "Book of the Artists," (1867,) and
a number of poems. Mr. Tuckerman occupied a high
rank among the art critics of America. Died in 1871.

See DUVCKINCK, " Cyclopaedia of American Literature," vol. ii. ;
ALLIBONK, "Dictionary of Authors."

Tuckerman, (JOSEPH,) D.D., an American Unitarian
divine, an uncle of the preceding, was born at Boston in
1778. He was one of the founders of the American
Seamen's Friend Society, and other similar institutions.
He afterwards assisted in organizing the Benevolent
Fraternity of Churches, for the support of a city mission
called the Ministry at Large, of which he became a min-
ister. Died in 1840

See " Discourse on the Life, etc. of Rev. Joseph Tuckerman,"
by W. E. CHANNING.

Tuck'ey, (JAMES KINGSTON,) an Irish writer and
r.aval officer, born in the county of Cork in 1778, was
smployed in the survey of the coast of New South
Wales, and published a work entitled " Maritime Geog-
raphy." Died in 1816.



Tudela. See BENJAMIN OF TUDELA.

Tu-dl-ta'nus, (P. SEMPRONIUS,) a Roman general,
who served as tribune at Cannae in 216 B.C., became
praetor in 213, and censor in 209. Having been elected
consul for the year 204, he obtained Bruttii as his prov-
ince, with the conduct of the war against Hannibal,
whom he defeated.

Tu'dor, (OWEN,) a Welsh gentleman, who married
Catherine of France after the death of her first husband,
Henry V. of England. He supported the Lancastrian
party in the war of the Roses. Died in 1461. He had
a ton, EDMOND TUDOR, who was created Earl of Rich-
mond about 1452 and died in 1456. Henry, the son of
Edmond, became King of England.

Tu'dor, (WILLIAM,) an American litterateur, born at
Boston in 1779, was one of the founders of the Athe-
naeum in that city. He became in 1815 the first editor
of the " North American Review." Besides his numerous
contributions to this journal, he published "Letters on
the Eastern States," (1819,) a "Life of James Otis,"
(1823,) and a work entitled "Gebel-Teir." He was
appointed in 1823 United States consul at Lima. Died
in 1830.

Tudor Family, the name of a royal family of Eng-
land, which exercised power during a period of one
hundred and twenty years, (1485-1605.) Henry VII.
was the first and Queen Elizabeth the last monarch of
this house. The father of Henry VII. was Edraona
Tudor, and his mother was the heiress of the Duke of
Lancaster.

Tud'way, (THOMAS,) an English musician and com-
poser, lived about 16701700, and was a pupil of Dr.
Blow. He was appointed professor of music at Cam-
bridge, and organist to Queen Anne. He was a friend
of Lord Oxford, whom he assisted in forming his valu-
able collection of books.

Tuerlinckx, tii'er-links, (JOSEPH,) a Belgian statuary,
born at Malines in 1820.

Tuet, tii'A', (JEAN CHARLES FRANCOIS,) a French
litterateur, born at Ham in 1742 ; died in 1797.

TugroL See TOGRUL.

Tukaram, too-kir'ram, an East Indian author, of the
early part of the seventeenth century of our era. He
lived near Poonah, and was a half-insane devotee. His
religious verses (called Abhangas, or " Unbroken") are in
the Mahratta language, and form the principal literary
monument of that tongue. They are of small literary
merit, but are exceedingly popular in India.

Tuke, (HENRY SCOTT,) an English painter, born
at York in 1858. His " Sailors Playing Cards" re-
ceived the first gold medal at Munich in 1894, and
was bought by the Bavarian government.

Tulasne, Milan', (Louis REN^,) a French botanist,
born at Azay-le-Rideau in 1815. He published, besides
other works, " Studies on Vegetable Embryogeny,"
(1849,) and " Fungi hypogaei," (1851.) He was admitted
into the Institute in 1854. Died in 1885.

Tulden. See THULDEN.

Toll, (JETHRO,) an English agriculturist, born in Ox-
fordshire about 1680, was the originator of what is called
the " horse-hoeing system" of husbandry. He published
in 1731 a number of essays on this subject, which were
subsequently edited by Mr. Cobbett, with an introduc
tion. Died in 1740.

TulTI-a, a daughter of Servius Tullius, and the wife
of Tarquin the Proud. She was accessory'to the murder
of her father.

Tul'll-a, [Fr. TULLIE, tii'le',] a Roman lady, the
daughter 'of Cicero the orator, was born in 78 B.C.
She was married to Calpurnius Piso Frugi in the year
63, and to Furius Crassipes about 56. Having been
divorced from him, she became the wife of Dolabella in
50 B.C. Died in 45 B.C.

See SAGITTARIUS. " Historia Viue et Mortis Tulliz," 1679: MA-
DAMB DK LASSAY, " Histoire de Tullie," 1726.

Tullie. See TULLIA.

Tullin, tool'lin, (CHRISTIAN BRAUNMAN or BRAU-
MAN,) a Danish poet, born at Christiania, in Norway, in
1728, was also a judge. He wrote, besides other works,
a poem on navigation, and another on the creation. He
is called the first classic Danish poet Died in 1765.



as k: c as s: g hard; g as ;V G, H, K, guttural ': N, nasal; R, trilled; as t; th as in this. ( j&y See Explanations, p. 2 ;.



TULLIUS



2346



TURENNE



TnlTI-us, (ATTIUS,) -was King of the Volscians when
Coriolanus was banished from Rome. He induced the
Volscians to send an army against Rome, and gave the
command of it to Coriolanus.
Tullius, (SERVIUS.) See SERVIUS TULLIUS.
Tunoeh, (JOHN,) a Scottish theologian and minister
of the Established Church of Scotland, was born in Perth-
shire in 1823. He became principal of Saint Mary's
College, Saint Andrew's, in 1854. Among his works are
" The Being and Attributes of God," (1855,) for which he
received a prize of .600, " The Leaders of the Reforma-
tion," (1859,) and " Rational Theology and Christian
Philosophy in the I?th Century," (1872.) Died in 1886.
Tullus Hos-till-us, third King of Rome, succeeded
Numa Pompilius in 673 B.C. He carried on a war against
the Albans, in which occurred the celebrated combat
between the Horatii and Curiatii, and which ended in
the conquest of Alba. He was a very warlike king.
According to tradition, he was killed by lightning about
640 B.C.

See GEBAUER, "Toflus Hostilius," ; ; SCHOKMANH, " Dis-
unatio critic* de TulJo Hostilio," 1847.

Tully, (the Roman orator.) See CICERO.
Tul'lj', (GEORGE,) an English divine, was the author
of a " Discourse on the Government of the Thoughts,"
and other religious works. Died in 1697.

Tully, (THOMAS,) an English divine, born at Carlisle
in 1620, published several controversial works. Died
in 1676.

Tulljf, (WILLIAM,) M.D., a distinguished American
physician, born at Saybrook, Connecticut, in 1785. He
graduated at Yale College, and became, in 1830, profes
sor of materia medica in the medical department of that
institution. He published, conjointly with Dr. Thomas
Miner, essays, entitled "Miner and Tully on Fever."
Died in 1859.

Tulp, tulp, (NlKOLAAS,) a Dutch physician and ma-
gistrate, born at Amsterdam in 1593. He was elected
burgomaster of his native city four times, and gave proof
of courage and energy when Holland was invaded by the
French in 1672. He published a medical treatise, called
" Observationes Medicae," (1641.) Died in 1674.

See WITTWBR, " N. Tolp," 1785; VAN BOCHOVE, "DUserUtio
de N. Tulpio," 1845.

Tulsi Das, tool'see das, a very popular Brahman
poet, who lived at Benares, and died in 1624. He wrote
in. Hindee a great poem called " Ramayan," besides six
otner poems on Rama and his deeds, based upon, but in
no way much resembling, Valmiki's great " Ramayana."
Tunstall, (CUTHBERT.) See TONSTALL.
Tun'staU, QAMES,) D.D., an English divine anc
writer, born about 1710. He studied at Cambridge, anc
rose through several preferments to be vicar of Roch-
dale, in Lancashire. Among his principal works are
" Discourses upon Natural and Revealed Religion," " A
Vindication of the Power of the State to Prohibit Clan-
destine Marriages," and " Observations on the Presenl
Collection of Epistles between Cicero and Brutus"
Died in 1772.

Tuomey, two'me, (MICHAEL,) a distinguished scien
tist, born at Cork, Ireland, September 29, 1805. He came
to America when young, graduated in 1835 at the Rens
selaer Polytechnic Institute, and became State geologisi
of South Carolina in 1844, and of Alabama in 1848. After
1847 ne was professor of geology in the University ol
Alabama. Djed at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, March 20
1857. He was author of several volumes of valuable
reports on scientific subjects.

Tupac Amaru, too'pak 1-ma'Roo, the name assumed
by Jos6 GABRIEL CONDORCANQUI, a Spanish-Peruvian
adventurer, born in 1740, whose mother was the daughte
of Tupac Amaru, the last of the Incas. He headed a
revolt of the native Peruvians against their Spanisl
masters, but was easily defeated, and put to death on
September 10, 1780.

Tup'per, (Sir CHARLES,) a Canadian statesman
was born at Amherst, Nova Scotia, in 1821. Hi
became a physician, entered politics in 1855, am
was premier of Nova Scotia 186467. In 1896 hi
became premier of the Dominion of Canada. He was
made a baronet in 1888.



Tup per, (MARTIN FARQUHAR,) a popular English
joet and novelist, born in London in 1810. He pub-
ished in 1839 his " Proverbial Philosophy," which was
eceived with great favour both in England and America
and passed rapidly through numerous editions. Among
his other works we may name the " Dirge on Welling-
," " Ballads for the Times on White Slavery," novels
....itled "The Twins" and "The Crock of Gold," and
he poems of Alfred the Great, translated from Anglo-
Saxon into English verse. Died November 29, 1889.

Tura, too'ra, or Turra, toor'ra, (CosiMO,) sometimes
ailed COSIMO DA FERRARA, (da fer-ra'ri,) an Italian
iainter, born at Ferrara in 1406. He painted in the
Iry, Gothic style. Died in 1469, or after that date.

Turamini. too-rl-mee'nee, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian
mist, born at Sienna about 1558. He lectured at Sienna
,nd Ferrara, and published several legal works.

Tur'ber-ville, (GEORGE,) an English poet, born
about 1530, went to Russia as secretary to Randolph, the
ambassador of Queen Elizabeth. He was the author
of " Songs and Sonnets," and translated Ovid's ' He-
roical Epistles." Died after 1594.

Turbido. See TORBIDO.

Turchi, tooR'kee,(ALESSANDRO ( ) sumamed ORBETTO,
,. .R-bet'to,) an Italian painter, born at Verona in 1582.
fie worked at Verona and Rome, and attempted to
combine the Roman style of design with the Venetian
colouring. Among his best works is "The Death of
Forty Martyrs." Died at Rome in 1648.

See LANII, "History of Painting in Italy;" TICOIU, "Duiu.
naria"

Turck, tiiRk, (Louis,) a French physician, born at

ancy in 1798. He was a republican member of the
National Assembly in 1848.

Turenna. See TURENNE.

Tu-r6nne', de, [Fr. pron. deh tii'ren'; LaL Tu
REN'NIUS; It. TURENNA, too-rJn'na,] (HENRI de Iz
Tour d'Auvergne deh If tooR do'v^Rn',) VICOMTE,
a famous French general, born at Sedan, September 1 1,
1611, was the second son of Henri, Due de Bouillon.
His mother was Elizabeth, a daughter of William the
Silent, Prince of Orange. His father was an able gene-
ral, and a leader of the French Protestants. Young


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 358 of 425)