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His most important work is his " General History of
England, both Ecclesiastical and Civil," (3 vols. fol.,
700.) Died in 1718.

Tyrtajus, tir-tee'us, [Gr. Tvproioc; Fr. TYRT*E,
eR'ta'; Ger. TYRTAUS, t^R-ta'as,] a celebrated Greek
legiac poet and musician, supposed to have been a
lative of Miletus, flourished about 685 B.C. According
o tradition, the Spartans, instructed by the Delphic
oracle, requested the Athenians to send them a leader.
The Athenians, in derision, sent Tyrtaeus, a lame school-
master. He composed martial songs by which tna
Spartans were animated to victory in their war against
he Messenians. His war-songs had a great and lasting
nfluence over the Spartans, who continued to sing them
or several centuries. To remove dissensions among
the Spartans, he wrote a political elegy, called " Euno-
mia," some fragments of which are extant
See A. MATTHL*, " De TyrUci Carmimbus," 1820.
TyrtSus. See TYRT./EUS.
Tyrtee. See TYRTAUS.

Tyrwhitt, ter'it, (THOMAS,) an eminent English phi-
lologist and antiquary, born in London in 1730. He
studied at Queen's College, Oxford, and in 1762 was ap-
pointed clerk of the House of Commons. He was also
curator of the British Museum, and a Fellow of the
Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries. Among
tiis numerous and valuable works we may name his
"Dissertation on Babrius," (1776,) "Conjectures upon
Strabo," (1783,) both in Latin, an excellent edition
of Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales," "Poems supposed
to have been written at Bristol in the Tenth Century
by Rowley," etc., in which he exposes the fraud of
Chatterton, and an edition of the " Poetics" of Aristotle.
He died in 1786. His "Conjectures upon yEschylus,
Euripides, and Aristophanes" came out in 1822.

Ty'spn, (EDWARD,) an English physician and anato-
mist, born in Somersetshire in 1649. He took his degree
at Cambridge, and subsequently became physician to the
Bridewell and Bethlem Hospitals. He was also a Fellow
of the Royal Society and of the College of Physicians.
He published several excellent treatises on comparative
anatomy, among which we may name " Orang-Outang,
sive Homo Sylvestris; or, The Anatomy of a Pygmie,
compared with that of a Monkey," etc. ; and " Phocoena ;
or, The Anatomy of a Porpesse," etc., (1680.) He
also contributed several valuable essays to the " Philo-
sophical Transactions." Died in 1708.

a. e, i, 6, ti, y, long: a, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, ^, short; a, e, i, p, obscure; fir, fall, fit; met; not; good; moon;


2 353


Tyson, (MICHAEL,) an English clergyman and en-
graver, born about 1740. He etched several portraits.
Died in 1780.

Tyssens, tl'sens, (AUGUSTIN,) a Flemish painter of
landscapes and animals, born about 1662, was a son of
Peter, noticed below. He worked at Antwerp. Died
about 1722.

Tysseus, (NIKOLAAS,) an able Flemish painter of
birds, flowers, etc., born at Antwerp in 1660, was a
brother of the preceding. Died in 1719.

Tyssens, (PETER,) a distinguished Flemish painter,
was born at Antwerp in 1625. He excelled both in
portraits and historical painting. Among his works in
the latter department we may name "The Assumption
of the Virgin," in the church of Saint James, at Antwerp.
Died in 1692. His sons NICHOLAS and AUGUSTINE were
also celebrated artists. The former painted chiefly birds
and flowers, and the latter landscapes of great merit.

See DKSCAMPS, " Vies des Peintrea Flamands," tc -

Tyfler, (ALEXANDER FRASER,) Lord Woodhouselee,
*. distinguished Scottish historian and jurist, son of
William, noticed below, was born at Edinburgh in 1747.
He studied law in his native city, and was admitted an
advocate in 1770. He became professor of universal
history and Roman antiquities at Edinburgh in 1786,
and in 1802 was made judge of the court of session,
with the title of Lord Woodhouselee. He was the
author of an "Essay on the Principles of Translation,"
(1791,) "Elements of General History," (2 vols. 8vo,
1801,) "Treatise upon Martial Law," and "Memoirs of
the Life and Writings of Henry Home, Lord Kames,"
(2 vols., 1807-10.) He died in 1813, having been pre-
viously appointed a lord of justiciary.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Tytler, (JAMES,) a Scottish writer, born at Brechin
in 1747. He was the author of a "Geographical, His-
torical, and Commercial Grammar," and other works.
He was also a contributor to the " Encyclopaedia Britan-
nica," second edition. He died at Salem, Massachusetts,
about 1804.

Tytler, (PATRICK FRASER,) a historian, a son of
Alexander F., noticed above, was born at Edinburgh in
1791. He was educated at the High School and Uni-
versity of Edinburgh. He published a "Life of Admi-
rable Crichton," (1819,) a "Life of Sir Walter Raleigh,"
(1833,) a "Life of Henry VIII.," (1837,) and other
biographies. His principal work is a " History of Scot-
land," (9 vols., 1828-43,) which has a high reputation.
He was an Episcopalian, and not disposed to estimate
the Scottish Reformers so favourably as some other
historians. He died at Edinburgh in December, 1849,
leaving several children.

See BURGON, " Life of P. F. Tytler ;" CHAMUHRS, " Biographical
Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen ; " Quarterly Review" for March,
1841, and July, 1859 : " North British Review for August, 1859.

Tytler, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish lawyer and writer,
born at Edinburgh in 1711. He published an " Inquiry,
Historical and Critical, into the Evidence against Mary
Queen of Scots," (1759,) "The Poetical Remains of
James I. of Scotland," (1783,) "A Dissertation on
Scottish Music," and other works. Died in 1792.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen.**

Tzetzea, tset'zez, (JOANNES,) a Greek poet and
grammarian of the latter part of the twelfth century,
was a native of Constantinople. He was the author of a
work entitled " Iliaca," comprising three poems, "Ante-
Homerica," "Homerica," and "Post- Homerica," the
greater part of which is extant, and was published in
1793 by F. W. Jacobs. He also wrote commentariei
on several Greek classics.

His brother ISAAC was also distinguished for his

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grjeca."

Tzschirner, tshdeVner, (HEINRICH GOTTLIEB,) a
German Protestant theologian and pulpit orator, born
in Saxony in 1778. He studied at Leipsic, where he
became professor of theology in 1809. Among his
numerous works we may name " Protestantism and
Catholicism regarded from the Stand- Point of Politics,"
and "The System of Reaction." Died in 1828.


TJbaldi, (GuiDO.) See GUIDO, (UBALDO.)

TJbaldinl, oo-bil-dee'nee, (PETRUCCIO,) an Italian
artist and writer, was born at Florence about 1524. He
became a resident of London in early life, and an illu-
minator on vellum. He wrote, besides other works, a
" Life of Charlemagne," (" Vita di Carlo Magno," 1 581,)
"Moral and Political Precepts," (1592,) and "Poems,"
("Rime," 1596.) Died about 1600.

TJberti, degli, dal'yee oo-beVtee, (FARINATA,) a
Florentine leader of the Ghibeline faction, was expelled
from Florence in 1250. Having defeated his opponents
in battle in 1260, he recovered possession of Florence.
His magnanimity is praised by Sismondi, who says he
saved Florence from being razed to the ground by his
own party.

TJberti, degli, (FAZIO or BONIFACIO,) a poet, born
at Florence, was a grandson of the preceding. He was
driven into exile by the Guelphs. He wrote an unfinished
descriptive poem called "The News of the World," ("II
Dittamondo,") which is said to be interesting. Died
about 1367.

TJbicini, ii'be'se'ne', (JEAN HENRI ABDOLONYME,) a
French writer, born at Issoudun in 1818. He published
"Letters on Turkey," (2 vols., 1849-5'.) a "d other
works. Died at Paris, October 29, 1884.

TJccellO, oot-chel'lo, (PAOLO,) an eminent Florentine
painter, born about 1395. His proper name was PAOLO
DI DONO. He was noted for his skill in perspective, and
for his admirable delineations of birds, from which he
received the name of Uccello, (" bird.") Died about 1472.

Uchanski, oo-Kan'skee, (JAMES,) a Polish prelate,
born in 1505, became Archbishop of Gnesen and Primate
of Poland in 1562. He favoured or tolerated the Prot-
estant doctrines. Died in 1581.

Uchtritz or "Gechtritz, von, fon fiK'tRlts, (FRIKD-
RICH,) a German poet and dramatist, born at Gb'rlitz in
1800, published, among other works, a tragedy, entitled
"-Alexander and Darius," and " The Babylonians in Jeru-
salem," a dramatic poem. Died February 15, 1875.

TJ'dal, (EPHRAIM,) an English Puritan minister, who
preached in London, became an Episcopalian, and wrote
a "Treatise on Sacrilege." Died in 1647.

TJdal, (JOHN,) an English scholar, the father of the
preceding, was imprisoned on account of his Puritan
principles, and died in 1592. His "Key to the Holy
Tongue" is said to have been the first Hebrew grammar
published in England.

TJdal or Udall, (NICHOLAS,) an English scholar and
dramatist, born in Hampshire in 1506. Having studied
at Oxford, he became master of Eton School, and sub-
sequently of Westminster School. He published a
selection from Terence's comedies, with an English
translation, entitled " Flovres for Latyne Spekynge," and
wrote several original comedies, which have been lost,
with the exception of one, called " Ralph Royster Doys-
ter." It is said to have been the first English play of
the kind divided into acts and scenes. Died in 1564.

TJden, van, vin ii'den, (LUCAS,) a Flemish landscape-
painter and engraver, born at Antwerp in 1596. He
executed the backgrounds for several of Rubens's pic-
tures, who in return painted the figures in his. Among
his master-pieces may be named a " Landscape by
Moonlight," in the Lichtenstein gallery at Vienna. His
engravings are numerous and highly prized. Died
about 1662.

TJdine, da, dloo'de-ni, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian painter
born in 1489, was distinguished for his skill in grotesque
subjects. He was a pupil of Raphael, whom he assisted

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nasal: R, trilled: s as z: th as in this.

Explanations, p. 23.)




In painting the Loggie in the Vatican. He excelled as a
painter of animals, birds, etc. Died about 1562.

See VASARI. "Lives of the Painters."

Ueberweg, ii'ber-wiG', (FRIEDRICH,) a German phi-
losopher, born near Solingen, January 22, 1826. He
studied at Berlin and Gottingen, was an instructor at
Bonn, 1852-62, and afterwards a professor of philosophy
at Konigsberg University. Among his works are a
" System of Logic," and " Outline of the History of
Philosophy," (1862 ; 3d vol., 1866 ; in English, by G. S.
Morris, 1872-74.) Died at Konigsberg, June 7, 1871.

Uffenbach, von, fon ooPfen-blK', QOHANN FRIED-
RICH,) a German poet and musician, born at Frankfort
in 1687, was a brother of the following. Died in 1769.

Uffenbach, von, (ZACHARIAS CONRAD,) a distin-
guished German scholar, born at Frankfort-on-the-Main
in 1683. He studied at Halle, and afterwards visited
England. He was made a senator of his native city in
1721, and subsequently became chief justice. He col-
lected a very large and valuable library, of which he
published a catalogue, entitled " Bibliotheca Uffenbach-
lana," etc. He was the author of " German Glossary of
the Middle Ages," ("Glossarium Germanicum Medii
JEvi") an autobiography, entitled " Commentarius de
Vita propria," and several bibliographical works, (un-
finished.) Died in 1734.

See HERMANN, " Uffenbach's Leben," 1755.

Uggione or Uglone. See OGGIONE.
Ughelli, oo-gel'lee, (FERDINANDO,) an Italian eccle-
siastic, born at Florence about 1595, was the author of a
valuable work entitled " Italia Sacra," (9 vols., 1642,)
being a history oi the Italian sees, etc., also an account
of the Colonna family, called " Imagines Columnensis
Familiae Cardinalium," (1650.) Died in 1670.

Ugoni, oo-go'nee, (CAMILLO,) an Italian writer, born
at Brescia in 1784. He translated some works of Horace,
and Caesar's " Commentaries." His reputation is founded
on his "History of Italian Literature in the Second Half
of the Eighteenth Century," (3 vols., 1820-22.) He was
exiled for liberalism from 1821 to 1838. Died in 1856.
Ugoni, [Lat. UGO'NIUS,] (MATTHIAS,) an Italian prel-
ate and writer on councils, flourished about 1510. He
became Bishop of Famagosta, in Cyprus. He asserted
the supremacy of councils over the pope.
Ugonius. See UGONL

Uhl, 651, (FRIEDRICH,) a German novelist, born at
Teschen, in Austrian Silesia, May 14, 1825. He was
educated at Vienna, where he became a very successful
journalist. Among his books are " Aus dem Banat,"
(1848,) "An der Theiss," (1851,) "Die Theater-Prinzes-
sin," (a novel, 1863,) and several romances of great

Uhland, oo'lant, (JoHANN LUDWIG,) a celebrated
German lyric poet, born at Tubingen in 1 787. He studied
law in his native town, and took the degree of LL.D.
in 1810. He was a member for Tubingen in the repre-
sentative assembly of Wurtemberg in 1819, and in 1830
was appointed professor-extraordinary of the German
language and literature at Tubingen. Having been
chosen a deputy to the Diet in 1833, he was conspicuous
as an able and earnest advocate of the constitutional
opposition. He had published in 1815 a collection of
patriotic songs, which became widely popular. This was
followed by an essay " On Walthervon der Vogelweide,"
(1822,) " On the Myth of the Northern Legend of Thor,"
(" Ueber den Mythus der Nordische Sagenlehre vom
Thor," 1836,) and " Ancient High and Low Dutch Popu-
lar Songs," (" Alter hoch- und niederdeutscher Volks-
lieder," 1844-45.) He also composed two tragedies,
" Duke Ernest of Suabia," (1817,) and " Louis the Bava-
rian," (1819.) Died at Tubingen in November, 1862. As
a poet, Uhland is characterized by simplicity and ten-
derness joined with deep religious feeling.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe ;" " Blackwood'i
Magazine" for February, 1827; "Foreign Quarterly Review" fo
July. 1837; "Quarterly Review" for July, 1864; L. DB LOM^NIK
M. Uhland. par un Homme de Rien." 1841 ; F. NOTTBR, " Uhlanc
ein Leben und seine Dichtungen," 1863; PPIZHR, "Uhland um
Rackert," 1837 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Generale ;*' " Jahrbuch rur
Conversations-Lexicon," 1863.

Uhle, oo'leh, (ALBRECHT BERNHARD,) an artist, born
t Chemnitz, 'in Saxony, October 15, 1847. He came in
jarly youth to the United States, studied art in Philadel-
phia and afterwards in Munich and Paris, and became
me of the most successful portrait-painters in the United

Uhlefeld or Ulefeld, oo'leh-fe'ld', written also Ul-
r eld or Ulfeldt, (CoRNiFEX, CORFITO, or CORFITZ,)
COUNT, a Danish courtier, became the chief favourite of
Christian IV., who appointed him Viceroy of Norway,
and sent him as ambassador to France in 1647. After
he death of that king he fell into disgrace, and entered
he service of Christina of Sweden. He is censured
r or his hostility to his native country. Having been
accused of a conspiracy against the King of Denmark,
le was condemned to death in 1663, but he was out of
he reach of the law. Died in 1664.

See ROUSSEAU DE LA VALBTTH, " Histoire do Comte d'Uhle-
eld," 1678 ; HANS PADS, "C. Ulfeldt's Levnet," 1747.

Uhlich, ooliK, (LEBERECHT,) a German theologian

of the rationalistic school, was born at Kothen in 1799.

rle preached at Magdeburg, and published, besides

other works, "Ten Years at Magdeburg, 1845-55,"

1856.) Died March 23, 1872.

Uhrich, oo'riK or ii'rek', (JEAN JACQUES ALEXIS,) a
French general, born at Phalsbourg in 1802, became
arigadier-general in 1852, and general of division in
1856. He served in the Crimean war, and in the Italian
campaign of 1859. In 1862 he received the grand cross
of the legion of honour. About 1867 he retired from
the service, but on the outbreak of the war with Prussia
le asked and obtained command of Strasbourg, which
post he held until its surrender, September 28, 1870.
Died October 23, 1881.

Uilkens, oil'kens, (JACOB ALBERT,) a Dutch natu-
ralist and minister, born near Groningen in 1732. He
published, besides other works, a " Manual of Rural
Economy," (1819,) and was professor of rural econ-
omy at Groningen. Died in 1825.

Ultenbogaard, oi'ten-bo'glRt, (JAN,) a Dutch Re-
monstrant minister, born at Utrecht in 1557, was a
chaplain of Maurice the Stadtholder. He became a
friend of Arminius, was persecuted by the Calvinistic
party, and banished in 1618. Died in 1650.

See his "Autobiography," 1639, and his " Life," by G. BRANDT,
(in Latin.) 1720.

Ujfalvy, de, deh oo'ee-folv', (CHARLES EUGENE,) a
Hungarian linguist, born about 1842. In 1871 he became
professor of German in the Lycee Henri IV, at Paris.
Among his works (in French) are volumes on Hungary,
the Magyar language, etc., including a good "Magyar
Grammar," (1875,) a ' so a "Finnish Grammar," (1876,)
and several volumes descriptive of his explorations in
Toorkestan and the adjacent countries.

Ukert, oo'klRt, (FRIEDRICH AUGUST,) a German
writer, born at Eutin in 1780, published a valuable work
on " The Geography of the Greeks and Romans," (1816 ;)
also a " Picture of Greece," and " On the Geography of
Homer." He likewise assisted Heeren in his " History
of the European States." Died in 1851.


Ulbach, ulT)Jk', (Louis,) a French poet and political
writer, born at Troyes (Aube) in 1822, became editor of
the " Revue de Paris" in 1853. He published a volume
of poems entitled " Gloriana," several tales, and some
remarkable political letters. Died April 16, 1889.

Ulfeld or Ulfeldt See UHLEFELD.

Ulfila. See ULFILAS.

UTfl-las, written also Ulfila, Ulphilas, and Vulfila
or Wulfila, a celebrated Gothic scholar and writer,
born about 318 A.D., became bishop of the Arian Goths
living between Mount Hsemus and the Danube, He
made a Gothic translation of the Scriptures, which, hav-
ing been lost for a time, was partially discovered in the
sixteenth century in a monastery near Cologne. Died
about 388 A.D. A fragment of his version was discovered
by Angelo Mai at Milan about 1820. The version of
Ulfilas is regarded as a great treasure by philologists.

See GBORG WAITS or WAIZ, " Ueber das Leben und die Lehra
des Ulfilas," 1840: IHRE et SOTBERG, "Ulphilas illustratus," IT5J-
BBSSBL, "Ueber das Leben des Ulfilas," 1860.

a e.T. 5,0, y, //; a, i, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1,6, u, J, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon




Ulft, van der, vin der ulft, (JACOB,) an eminent
Dutch painter, born at Gorcum in 1627. He painted
views of architecture, ruins, and temples, in which he
introduced groups of figures. He was a good colorist
Died after 1688.

Ulisse, the French and Italian of ULYSSES, which see,

Ullmann, 661'man, (KARL,) a German theologian,
born at Epfenbach, in the Palatinate, in 1796. He
studied at Heidelberg and Tubingen, and became in 1821
professor-extraordinary of theology in the former uni-
versity. In 1828 he associated with Umbreit as editor
of the journal entitled " Theologischen Studien und
Kritiken," and in 1829 was appointed professor at Halle.
Having returned to Heidelberg in 1836, he was made a
member of the Upper Church Council, and an evan-
gelical prelate in 1853. Among his principal works are
" Reformers before the Reformation, particularly in Ger-
many and the Netherlands," (2 vols., 1841,) " On the
Future of the Evangelical Church in Germany," (1846,)
"On the Value of a Majority in the Church," (1850,)
and "On the Nature of Christianity," (1855.) His
writings enjoy a very high reputation, and have been
translated into several languages. Died Jan. 12, 1865.

Ulloa, ool-lo'a, [Sp. pron. ool-yo'a,] (ALPHONSO,) a
Spanish historian and translator, settled at Venice, and
wrote, in Italian, a " Life of the Emperor Charles V.,"
(1560,) and other works. He also translated into elegant
Italian several Spanish histories. Died about 1580.

Ulloa, ool-lo'a or ool-yo'a, (Don ANTONIO,) a cele-
brated mathematician and naval officer, born at Seville,
in Spain, in 1716. In 1735 he accompanied La Conda-
mine, Godin, and other French savants to South America,
to measure a degree of the meridian at the equator. On
his voyage home, in 1744, he was made prisoner by the
English, and, after a detention of two years, returned to
Spain, where he was created a commander of the order
of Santiago. He published in 1748 a " Historical Ac-
count of the Voyage to South America," ("Relacion
historica del Viage a la America Meridional,") in which
he was assisted by his friend and fellow-traveller, Jorge
Juan, "American Notes on Southern and Northeastern
America," (" Noticias Americanas sobre la America
Meridional y la Septentrional-oriental," 1772,) and a
treatise " On the Marine or the Naval Forces of Europe
and Africa," (1778.) Soon after the cession of Louisiana
to Spain, he was made governor of that province ; but
he was subsequently superseded by O'Reilly, and on
his return was appointed minister of the marine. Ulloa
was one of the founders of the Observatory at Cadiz, and
contributed greatly to the advancement of learning and
the arts and the improvement of domestic manufactures
in Spain. Died in 1795.

See FRANCISCO Hovos, " Vida de D. A. de Ulloa," 1847 ; MADOZ,
" Diccionario geografico-historico ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'-
rale ;" " Retrospective Review," voL u., second series, 1828.

Ulloa, ool-lo'a, (GlROLAMO,) an Italian general, born
at Naples in 1810, distinguished himself in the defence of
Venice against the Austrians in 1849. After that year he
resided chiefly in Paris. Died in 1891.

Ulloa, de, da ool-yo'a, (MARTIN,) a Spanish critic,
born at Seville in 1730, was a nephew of Antonio Ulloa.
He published several works. Died in 1800.

Ulloa y Fereira, de, da ool-yo'a e pa-raVra, (Luis,)
a Spanish poet, born at Toro about 1590"" He wrote
elegant lyric poems, sonnets, and a poem entitled " Ra-
quel," (" Rachel.") Died in 1660.

Ullur, 661'lur, (Ullr,) or UU, 661, [signifying " wool-
like" or " white," (Svv. //, " wool,") so called because he
is the god of winter or snow,] the god who, according to
the Norse mythology, presides over winter and winter-
sports, is represented as the son of Sif and step-son of
Thor. In running on snow-shoes he has no equal ; he
is also an excellent archer. His dwelling is Ydalir,
(e-da'lir,) i.e. the "place (or dale) of dampness and cold."

Ulphilas. See ULFILAS.

Ul'pl-an, [Lat. ULPIA'NUS; Fr. ULPIEN, ul'pe-aN',]
(DOMITIUS,) an eminent Roman jurist, supposed to have
been a native of Tyre, was born about 170 A.D. He was
distinguished by the favour of Alexander Severus, who
made him his secretary, and praetorian prefect He was
lulled in a mutiny of the praetorian soldiers in 228 A.D.

He was the author of a work entitled " Ad Edictum,"
and other legal treatises, which were highly esteemed ;
but most of them are now lost. Several editions of the
fragments have been published.

See A. STHCHR, " Dissertatio de D. Ulpiano," 1795 ; GROTIOT,
" Viue Jurisconsultorum ;" CLODIUS, "Apologia Ulpiani," 1811.
Ulpianua. See ULPIAN.

Ul-pl-a'nu8 OF ANTIOCH, a rhetorician in the tirre of
Constantine the Great, is supposed to have been the
author of " Commentaries on the Orations of Demos-
thenes called Symbuleutici," also " Prolegomena," and
other works. Ulpian of Emesa was the author of an
Art of Rhetoric"
Ulpien. See ULPIAN.

Ulric or Ulrick, ul'rik, [Ger. ULRICH, 6t>l'riK,j
(ANTON,) Duke of Brunswick- Wolfenbiittel, a German
poet, born in 1633. He wrote several very successful
poems, a number of melodramas, and novels entitled
" Aramena, the Illustrious Syrian Lady," (1678,) and
" Octavia, a Roman Story," (in German, 6 vols., 1685-
1707.) Died in 1714.

Ulrica (661-ree'ki) El-e-o-no'ra, [Fr. ULRIQUB
ELEONORE, iil'rek' i'li'o'noR',] Queen of Sweden, born
in 1656, became the wife of Charles XI. and the mother
of Charles XII. She was a daughter of Frederick IIL
of Denmark. Died in 1693.

See BOHCLRR, "Vita Ulrica; Eleonorz," 1697.
Ulrica Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, a daughter of
the preceding, was born in 1688. She married Prince
Frederick of Hesse-Cassel about 1715. She was a
sister of Charles XII. In 1719 she was elected as his
successor; but she transferred the royal power to her
husband. Died in 1744.

Ulrich, ul'rik, (CHARLES FREDERICK,) an American
painter, born in New York city, October 18, 1858. He
studied art in New York, and at Munich, under Loeftz,
Lindenschmit, and Leibl. He won a bronze medal at
Munich in 1876, and the first Clarke Prize at the National

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 361 of 425)