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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Academy, New York, in 1884. Among his pictures are
"The Wood-Engraver," (1882,) "The Glass-Blowers,"
(1883,) "The Glass-Engraver," (1883,) "The Carpenter,"
(1883,) "A Symphony," (1883,) "The Etcher," (1883.)
"The Land of Promise," (1884,) etc.

Ulrich, 661'riK, (JOHANN KASPAR,) a Swiss theologian
and Orientalist, born in 1705 ; died at Zurich in 1768.

Ulrich, (JOHANN RUDOLPH,) a Swiss preacher and
writer, born at Zurich in 1728. He became first pastor
of Zurich in 1769. Died in 1795.

Ulrich, 661'riK, (PHILIPP ADAM,) a German philan-
thropist, born in 1692. He was eminent for various
forms of practical charity.

See OBERTHUR, " Life of P. A. Ulrich," (in German,) 1783.
Ulrich, 661'riK, SAINT, one of the fathers of the
German Church, was born at Augsburg about 890 A.D.
He came of a very eminent family. He was educated at
Saint Gall, became a secular priest, and in 923 was con-
secrated as Bishop of Augsburg. He was one of the
wisest political counsellors of Henry I. and Otho. Died
in 973. His anonymous Life ("Vita S. Oudalrici") if
of high importance as a source of German history.

Ulrich, (Trrus,) a German poet, born in the conntj
of Glatz, Prussia, in 1813. He produced in 1845 "The
Canticle of Canticles," (" Das Hohe Lied,") which is
highly praised, and in 1848 a poem called "Victor,"
which was very popular.

Ulrich von Iiichtenstein. See LICHTENSTEIN.
Ulrici, 661-reet'see, (HERMANN,) a German schola.
and critic, born in Lower Lusatia in 1806. He studied
law at Halle and Berlin, but subsequently devoted him-
self to literature, and published in 1833 his "Character-
istics of Antique Historiography." This was followed
by his " History of the Poetic Art in Greece," (2 vols.,
1835,) and a treatise "On Shakspeare's Dramatic Art,"
(1839,) which was received with great favour. He alsu
wrote several philosophical works, among which are " On
the Principle and Method of the Philosophy of .Hegel,"
(1841,) and " Gott und die Natur," (1862.) Died in 1884.
Ulrike. See LOUISK ULRIKE.
Ulugh or Ulug Beg. See OLUG BEG.
U-lys'ses, [Gr. 'Odvooev;, (Odysseus;) Fr. ULISSE,
ii'less'; It ULISSE, oo-les'si,] called also Ulyx'es and



cas; cas.r; gAanf; g as /;G,H,K, guttural; N, nasal; K.trilled; sast; thasinMir.



nations, p. 33.)



UMA



2356



UPFOLD



Ith'acus, King of Ithaca, a Grecian chief, renowned
for his eloquence, subtlety, sagacity, and wisdom, was the
son of Laertes, (or, as some say, of Sisyphus,) and hus-
band of Penelope. He was one of the suitors of Helen.
He was the most politic of all the commanders who
conducted the siege of Troy, to the capture of which he
greatly contributed by his stratagems and exploits. The
invention of the wooden horse is ascribed to him by some
writers. After the death of Achilles he contended for
his armour with success against Aiax. His wanderings,
navigations, and adventures after the destruction of Troy
form the subject of the " Odyssey" of Homer, who relates
that he sailed from Troy with twelve ships, and was
driven by the wind to the coast of Africa ; that he visited
the island of .Solus, who gave him a number of winds
confined in a bag ; that he passed a year in the island of
Circe the magician ; that, after many of his companions
had been devoured by the Cyclops and Scylla, he was
driven to the island of Calypso, who gave him a warm
reception, detained him for eight years, and tempted him
to marry her, with the promise of immortality, which he
declined, "vetulam suam prztulit immortalitati ;" that
after an absence of twenty years he returned to Ithaca
alone and disguised as a beggar, and found his palace
occupied by numerous suitors, whom, with the aid of his
on Telemachus, he killed. Horace says,

" Rursus quid Virtus et quid Sapientia possit
Utile proposuit nobis exemplar Ulixen."*

Epistles, book i., i.

TJma, a name of PARVATI, or KAii, (q. v.,) the sakta,
or wife, of the Hindoo god Siva.

TJmbreit, Som'bRit, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM KARL,) a
German Protestant theologian, born in Saxe-Gotha in
1795. He studied the Oriental languages at Gbttingen,
and became successively professor of philosophy and
of theology at Heidelberg. He published several valu-
able exegetical works, among which are a "Philological,
Critical, and Philosophical Commentary on Solomon's
Proverbs," (i 826,) "Christian Edification from the Psal-
ter," etc., and " Practical Commentary on the Prophets
of the Old Testament," (4 vols., 1841.) He also wrote
a "Translation and Interpretation of the Book of Job,"
and "New Poetry from the Old Testament," (1847.)
Died in 1860.

TJmeau, u'm5', (JEAN,) a French jurist, born at Poi-
tiers in 1598 ; died in 1682.

TJmeyade. See OMEYYADE.

TJmeyyah. See OMEYYAH.

TJminski, oo-men'skee, (JAN NEPOMUK,) a Polish gen-
eral, born in Posen in 1780, served in the French cam-
paigns in Poland in 1807 and 1809, and in 1831 defeated
General Diebitsch in the battle of Grochow. Died in 1851.

TJncas, ung'kass, an Indian chief of the Mohegans in
Connecticut, lived in the seventeenth century. In 1637
he joined the English in their war against the Pequots.
Died about 1680.

Un'der-wood, (FRANCIS HENRY,) an American
author, born at Enfield, Massachusetts, January 12, 1825.
He was educated at Amherst College, and became a
lawyer. He wrote " Hand-Book of English Literature,"
(1871,) " Hand-Book of American Literature," (1872,)
"Cloud-Pictures," (1872,) "Lord of Himself," (a novel,)
" Man Proposes," (a novel,) and Lives of Longfellow,
Lowell, and Whittier. Died August 7, 1894.

Un'der-wood, (JOSEPH R.,) an American Senator
and lawyer, born in Goochland county, Virginia, in 1791.
He removed to Bowling Green, Kentucky, about 1823,
and represented a district of that State in Congress from
1835 to 1845. He was elected a Senator of the United
States in 1847. Died August 23, 1876.

Underwood, (LuciEN MARCUS,) Ph.D., an American
botanist, born at New Woodstock, New York, October
26, 1853. He graduated at Syracuse University in 1877,
was professor of botany and geology in the Illinois Wes-
leyan University, 1880-83, a "d became an adjunct profes-
sor of botany in his alma mater. He has published a
"Systematic Plant Record," (1881,) " Our Native Ferns,
and How to Study them," (1881,) " Our Native Ferns and

* " Again to show what courage and what wisdom can accomplish,
JM [Horoerl has set before us Ulysses as a useful example,"



their Allies," (1882,) "Descriptive Catalogue of North
American Hepaticae," (1884,) etc.

Un'der-wood, (T. R-,) an English artist and writer,
published a " Narrative of Memorable Events in Pari
during the Capitulation in 1814." Died in 1835.

linger, oong'er, (FRANZ,) an Austrian geologist and
Dotanist, born in Styria in 1800, graduated in medicine
at Vienna in 1827, was professor of botany at Gratz,
1836-50, and was after that a professor at Vienna. He
wrote upon vegetable anatomy and physiology, on geo-
"ogical botany, etc. Died at Gratz, February 13, 1870.

linger, dfcng'er, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH,) an eminent
German printer and wood-engraver, born at Berlin in
1750, was a son of Johann Georg, noticed below. He
Decame professor of wood-engraving in the Academy of
Plastic Arts at Berlin, and was the inventor of a kind of
types called " Ungerian Types," (" Ungerische Schrift.")
He died in 1804. His wife, FREDEBIKE HELENS, born
at Berlin in 1751, was distinguished for her talents and
accomplishments, and published several popular novels,
one oi which, entitled " Julia Griinthal, the History of
a Boarding-School Girl," ("Julchen Griinthal, einePen-
sionsgeschichte," 1784,) is particularly admired. Her
"Confessions of a Beautiful Soul" (" Bekentnisse einer
schonen Seele," 1806) also deserves especial mention
Died in 1813.

linger, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German engraver, born
near Pirna in 1715, was celebrated for his improvements
in wood-cutting and typography. Several of his land-
scapes engraved on wood are esteemed master-pieces
of the kind. Died in 1788.

TJnger, (\VILHELM,) a German engraver, born at
Gottingen in 1837. He has executed many fine etchings,
and has lived chiefly in Vienna, where his fame is very
high.

Union, de la, di 13 oo-ne-6n', (Don Luis FIRMIN de
Carvajal y Vargas da kaR-va-Hal' e vaR'gas,) COUNT,
a Spanish general, born at Lima in 1752. He gained
the rank of general by his services against the French
invaders in 1793, and became commander of an army in
Catalonia in 1794. He was defeated and killed near
Figueras the same year.

Unterberger, o6n'ter-beVger, (IGNAZ,) a Tyrolese
painter, born at Karales in 1744, worked at Vienna.
Among his works are pictures of Bacchus, Minerva, and
Hebe, which are highly praised. Died in 1797.

Unterholzner, oon'ter-holts'ner, (KARL AUGUST Do-
MINICUS,) a German jurist, born at Freising in 1787,
wrote several treatises on Roman law. Died in 1838.

Unzelmann, dont'sel-man', (FRIEDRICH LUDWIG,) a
German wood-engraver, born about 1798, was a pupil
of Gubitz, and obtained the title of royal professor at
the Academy of Berlin. Among his master-pieces are
portraits of Louis XIV. and Napoleon, and a large print
of the " Death of Franz von Sickingen." Died in 1854.

Unzelmann, (KARL WILKELM FERDINAND,) a Ger-
man comic actor, born at Brunswick in 1753; died in
1832. His son KARL was also a popular actor. He was
born in 1786; died in 1843.

Unzer, oont'ser, (JOHANN AUGUST,) a German phy-
sician, born at Halle in 1727, was editor of a medical
journal entitled " Der Arzt" He was the author of
"First Principles of the Physiology, etc. of Animated
Bodies," (1771,) and other similar works. Died in 1799.
His wife, JOANNA CHARLOTTE, published a number of
popular poems. She was born in 1724; died in 1782.

Sec "Biographic Me'dicale;" HIRSCHINC, " Historisch-litera-
risches Handbuch."

Upanfehad, written also Upenished, [modern Hin-
doo pron. oo-punl-shud,] a Sanscrit term, denoting
what is most essential in the religious writings of the
Hindoos, consisting chiefly of the theological and argu-
mentative portions of the VEDAS, (which see.)

See WILSON, " Sanscrit Dictionary ;" COLKBROOKK, article m
"Asiatic Researches," pp. 472-3.

Up'cott, (WILLIAM,) an English bibliographer and
collector of autographs, born in London in 1779; died
in 1845.

Up'fold, (GEORGE,) D.D., LL.D., a bishop, born at
Shemley Green, Surrey, England, May 7, 1796, was



a, e, 1, 5, 5, y, long; a, i, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short; a, ?, j, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; m?t; not; good; m<5on-



UPHAM



2357



URFE



brought to the United States m childhood, graduated at
Union College in 1814, took the degree of M.D. in New
York in 1816, and in 1820 was ordained a presbyter of
the Episcopal Church. In 1849 he was consecrated Bishop
of Indiana, the first of that title. Died at Indianapolis,
August 26, 1872.

Upham, up'am, (CHARLES WENTWORTH,) a Unita-
rian divine and writer, born at Saint John, New Bruns-
wick, in 1802, was elected to Congress in 1854. He
has published "Lectures on Witchcraft," etc., (1831,)
"Life of Sir Henry Vane," in Sparks's "American
Biography," and made numerous contributions to the
"North American Review," "Christian Examiner," and
other periodicals. He began to preach at Salem, Mas-
sachusetts, in 1824, and quitted the ministry in 1844.
Died at Salem, June 15, 1875.

Upham, (THOMAS COGSWELL,) D.D., an American
Congregational divine and able writer, was born at
Deerfield, New Hampshire, in 1799. He graduated at
Dartmouth College, and became in 1825 professor of
mental and moral philosophy in Bowdoin College.
Among his works are a " Philosophical and Practical
Treatise on the Will," (1834,) "Life, Religious Opinions, ]
etc. of Madame Guyon," (1847,) " Principles of the In-
terior or Hidden Life," (1848,) "Life of Madame;
Catharine Adorna," (1856,) and "Letters, Esthetic,
Social, and Moral, written from Europe, Egypt, and
Palestine," (1857.) He likewise published a translation
of Jahn's "Biblical Archaeology," (fifth edition, 1849.)
Died at New York, August 2, 1872.

Up'shur, (ABEL PARKER,) an American statesman
and jurist, born in Northampton county, Virginia. He
was appointed secretary of the navy by President Tyler
in September, 1841, and succeeded Webster as secretary
of state in May, 1843. He was killed by the explo-
sion of a cannon on board the steamer Princeton, in
February, 1844, aged about fifty-three. He belonged to
the extreme State-Rights and pro-slavery school of the
South.

TJp'tpn, (JAMES,) an English scholar and divine,
born in Cheshire in 1670. He published an edition of
Aristotle's "Poetics," and other works. Died in 1749.
His son, of the same name, edited Spenser's " Faerie
Queene," and was the author of " Observations on Shak-
speare." Died in 1760.

Up'ward, (ALLEN,) an English author, born at
Worcester in 1863. He joined the army of Greece
in the war against Turkey in 1897. _ He was the
author of poems, novels, and dramas, one of the
latter being "A Flash in the Pan," played by the
Kendals in 1896.

U-ra'nI-a, [Gr. Oiipavia, (from 6vpav6f, " heaven ;")
Fr. U RAMIE, ii'rfne',] one of the nine Muses of the
Greek mythology, the Muse of Astronomy, was supposed
to be a daughter of Zeus.

U'ra-nus, [Gr. Oipovof, i.e. the " sky" or " heaven,"]
a divinity of classic mythology, identified with the Roman
Coelus, was considered the most ancient of all the gods.
He was represented as the husband of Terra, and the
father of Oceanus, Cronus, (Saturn,) Themis, Hyperion,
and the other Titans, whom he confined in Tartarus.
According to the legend, he was dethroned by Cronus.

Urbain. See URBAN.

TJr'ban [Lat. URBA'NUS; Fr. URBAIN, u'R'baN'] I.
succeeded Calixtus I. as Bishop of Rome in 224 A.D.
He is supposed to have suffered martyrdom under Alex-
ander Severus, (230 A.D.)

Urban U., born in France, succeeded Victor III.
as Pope of Rome in 1088. He excommunicated Henry
IV., Emperor of Germany, who supported Clement III.
as anti-pope, having previously incited Conrad, son of
the emperor, to revolt against him. In a council at
Piacenza in 1095 he proclaimed the first crusade. His
successor was Paschal II. Died in 1099.

Urban TfT succeeded Lucius II. in 1185. He died
in 1187.

Urban IV., born at Troyes, in France, succeeded
Alexander IV. in 1261. He carried on a war against
Manfred, Prince of Sicily, and made an alliance with
Charles of Anjou, on whom he bestowed the crown of



Sicily and Apulia in fief of the Roman see, ( 1 263.) From
this treaty arose the subsequent wars between France
and Italy during several centuries. He died in 1264,
and was succeeded by Clement IV.

See ARTAUD DK MONTOR. " Histoire des souverains Pontifes."

Urban V, originally named GUILLAUME DE Gri-
moard, (gRe'mo-aR',) was a native of France, and suc-
ceeded Innocent VI. as pope in 1362. He was the last
of the pontiffs who resided at Avignon, and in 1367 he
removed his court to Rome. He died in 1370, and was
succeeded by Gregory XI.

Urban [Lat. URBA'NUS; It. URBANO, ooR-bi'no] VI,
originally named BARTOLOMMEO Prignano, (pRen-ya'-
no,)succeeded Gregory XI. in 1378. He gave great offence
by his severity to the cardinals, who elected an anti-pope
in opposition to him, under the title of Clement VL
In 1385 he had six cardinals put to death on a charge of
conspiring against him. He died in 1389, as some writers
assert, by poison, and was succeeded by Boniface IX.

See ARTAUD DB MONTOR, " Histoire des souverains Pontifes."

Urban VTL, a native of Rome, originally named
GIAMBATTISTA Castagua, (kis-tln'yi,) was chosen suc-
cessor to Sixtus V. in 1 590. He survived his election thir-
teen days, and Gregory XIV. was elected to succeed him.

Urban VIH., originally named MAFFEO Barberini,
(baR-ba-ree'nee,) born at Florence in 1568, succeeded
Gregory XV. in 1623. He was distinguished for his
learning and his liberal patronage of science and art.
He founded the College de Propaganda Fide, finished
the aqueduct of Acqua Felice, increased the Vatican
Library, and improved the "Breviarium Romanum."
Under his rule Italy was disturbed by contests between
the French and Spaniards for supremacy in that country.
The duchy of Urbino was made a fief of the Roman see
in 1626. Urban died in 1644, and was succeeded by
Innocent X.

See SIMONINI, "Sylvz Urbanianz. seu Gesta Urbani VIII.,"
1657 ; ARTAUD DH MONTOR, " Histoire des souverains Pontifes."

Urban. See FORTIA D'URBAN.

Urban, de Saint, deh siNt u'R'baN', (FERDINAND,)
a French architect, born at Nancy in 1654. He was
patronized by Pope Innocent XL, who appointed him
his first architect and director of medals. Died in 1738.

Urbanus. See URBAN.

Urbino. See TIMOTEO DA URBINO.

Urceo, ooR'chi-o, [Lat UR'CEUS,] (ANTONIO,) sur-
named CODRUS, an Italian scholar and writer, born at
Rubiera in 1446. He taught Greek and Latin for many
years at Bologna, whither he removed in 1482. He
wrote orations, letters, and poems. Died in 1500.

See BIANCHINI, "Vita A. Codri Urcei;" NICKRON, "Memoires."

Urceua. See URCEO.

Ure, (ANDREW,) an eminent Scottish chemist and
physician, born at Glasgow in 1778. He took his medi-
cal degree at the University of Glasgow, and became in
1802 professor of chemistry and natural philosophy in
the Andersonian Institution in that city. Among his
principal publications are his "New Experimental Re-
searches on some of the Leading Doctrines of Caloric,"
etc., "Dictionary of Chemistry," (1821,) "On the Ulti-
mate Analysis of Animal and Vegetable Substances,"
(1822,) "System of Geology," (1829,) "Philosophy of
Manufactures," (1835,) and " Dictionary of Arts, Manu-
factures, and Mines," (1839,) one of the most valuable
works of the kind. Dr. Ure was a Fellow of the Royal
Society and other learned institutions, and was one of the
founders of the Observatory at Glasgow. Died in 1857.

Urfe>, d', du'R'fa', (ANNE,) a French poet, born in
Forez in 1555. He became a privy councillor, and after-
wards a priest He married a rich heiress, named Diane
de ChSteau-Morand. Died in 1621.

Urfe, d', (HONORS,) a French writer of romance,
born at Marseilles in 1567 or 1568, was a brother of the
preceding. He was a soldier by profession, and fought
in the civil war for the League. He wrote, besides other
works, a romance called " Astree," (1610-19,) n lich was
once very celebrated. Died in 1625.



cas/6



:; c as s; g hard: g as/; G, H, K,g,<Hural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (J^="See Explanation^



URKHAN



2358



USHER



Urkhan. See OORKHAN.

Urquhart, urk'hart, (DAVID,) an able British writ
and politician, born at Cromarty in 1805. He went to
Greece with Lord Cochrane in 1827, and published,
besides other works, "Turkey and its Resources
(1833) and "Travels in Spain and Morocco, (1649.)
He maintained the opinion that the Ottoman empire
has elements of vitality and progress. He became
an uncompromising adversary of Palmerstons foreign
policy, and was elected to Parliament as a Conservative
in 1847. Died at Naples, May 16, 1877.

Urqnhart (Sir THOMAS,) a Scottish mathematician
under the reign of Charles II. He wrote a work entitled
" Logopandecteision, or an Introduction to the Universal
Language," and a treatise " On Trigonometry."

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Urquhart, (WILLIAM POLLARD,) a political econo-
mist, born in the county of Westmeath, Ireland, in 1814.
He published "Essays on Political Economy." D. 1871.

Urquijo, de, da ooR-kee'Ho, (MARIANO Luis,) a
Spanish statesman, born at Bilbao in 1768. He was
secretary for foreign affairs about two years, (1798-1800,)
after which he was imprisoned through the influence of
the Inquisition, which he had opposed. He was ap-
pointed minister of state by King Joseph about 1809.
Died in Paris in 1817.

See A. DE BERAZA, " Elogio de M. L. de Urquijo," 1820 : " Nou-
Telle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Urquiza, de, di ooR-kee'sl or ooR-kee'thl, (Don
JUSTE JOSE,) a South American statesman and military
commander, born in the province of Entre-Rios in 1800.
He fought in his early life for Rosas, but in 1851 he took
arms against him and formed an alliance with the gov-
ernments of Brazil and Uruguay. In February, 1852,
he gained at Santos Lugares a decisive victory over
Rosas, who then ceased to reign. Urquiza became
general-in-chief and foreign secretary of the Argentine
Republic. Died in 1870.

Urraca, oor-ri'ka, Queen of Leon and Castile, born
about 1080, was the only legitimate child of Alfonso VI.
She was married to Alfonso I. of Aragon, with whom
she quarrelled, and against whom she waged a long civil
war. Died in 1126.

Tinea, de, di oor-ra'J, (GERONIMO,) a Spanish writer
and commander, born in Aragon about 1515. He served
with distinction in the army of Charles V. He trans-
lated Ariosto's "Orlando Furioso" into Spanish, (1556,]
and wrote a " Dialogue on True Military Honour," (1566.]

TJrsatus. See ORSATO.

Uraeolo. See ORSEOLO.

Ursins, des, d zuR'saN', or Orsini, (ANNE MARIE
de la Tremouille den IS tRa'mopI' or tRi'moo'ye,)
PRINCESS, a French lady and courtier, famous for her
political influence and insinuating qualities, was born
about 1642. She was married in 1659 to Adrien de Tal-
leyrand, Prince de Chalais, and in 1675 to Flavio Orsini,
Duke of Bracciano. She resided many years at Rome.
In 1701 she was selected by the French court for the
place of first lady of the bedchamber to the Queen of
Spain, of whom she became the chief favourite. " She
aspired," says Macaulay, " to play in Spain the par!
which Madame de Maintenon had played in France.
. . . She became so powerful that neither minister of
Spain nor ambassador from France could stand against
her." (Review of Lord Mahon's " War of the Succes
sion.") Her influence ceased on the death of the queen
in 1714, and the marriage of Philip V. with Elizabeth
Farnese, who dismissed the Princess des Ursins from
court. She died at Rome in 1722.

See her " Correspondence with Madame de Maintenon," 4 vols.
1826 ; F. COMBES, " La Princesse des Ursins, Essat," 1858 ; SAINT
SIMON, " M^moires;" SAINTE-BEUVE, "Causeries du Lundi ;'
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Ursins, des, (JEAN, JOUVENEL, (zhoov'nel',) or Ju
/ENAL,) a French prelate, born in Paris in 1388. H<
wrote a "Chronicle of Charles VI.," and became Arch
bishop of Rheims about 1450. Died in 1473.

TJr-si'nuB, [Ger. pron. ooR-see'nus,] (BENJAMIN,) ;
German mathematician, born in Silesia in 1587. Hi;
German name was BEHR, (baiR.) He taught at Frank
tort-on-the-Oder. Died in 1633.

Ursinus, (BENJAMIN,) a German Lutheran divine



was a relative of Zacharias, noticed below. He was

made a bishop and ennobled by Frederick I. of Prussia.

Died about 1717.
TJr-si'nua, [It. ORSINI, oR-see'nee,] (FuLvius,) a

celebrated Italian scholar and antiquary, born at Rome
n 1529, held the post of librarian to Cardinal Alexander
T arnese. He published commentaries on the principal
*oman historians, editions of several Greek classics,

and a number of original works which display profound
earning. Among these may be named " Portraits

and Eulogies of Illustrious Men exhibited by Marbles,
Medals, and Gems," (" Imagines et Elogia Virorum illus-
rium e Marmoribus, Nummis et Gemmis expressz.")
Died in 1600.

See CASTIGLIONE, "G. Orsini Vita," 1657; NICKRON, "M4-
oires ;" " Life of Ursinus," by CASTALIO.

TJrainus, (GEORG HEINRICH,) a German philologist,
born at Spire in 1647 ; died at Ratisbon in 1707.

TJrainus, JOHANN HEINRICH,) a German divine,
ather of the preceding, was born in 1608. He wrote
a work entitled " Rise and Progress of the Churches
of Germany," (1668,) and other works. Died in 1667
See " J. H. Ursinus LebenslauC" 1666.
Ursinus, (ZACHARIAS,) a learned German divine,
born at Breslau in 1534, was a friend and disciple of
Melanchthon. He studied in Paris, and became pro-
fessor of theology at Heidelberg. He was engaged
n controversies with the Lutheran theologians of the
time, and was the author of several theological and po-
emical works, (1563.) He also prepared the Calvinis-
tic creed, entitled the " Heidelberg Catechism." Died
n 1583.

Ur'su-la, [Fr. URSULE, iiR'sul',] SAINT, a legendary
personage,' of whom scarcely anything is positively
inown. She is said to have been a daughter of a British
prince, and to have suffered martyrdom at Cologne in
the fourth or fifth century.

See MRS. JAMESON, " History of Sacred and Legendary Art"

TJrsule. See URSULA.

Ursus, SOR'SOS, (NIKOLAUS RAYMARUS,) a Danish
mathematician of the sixteenth century ; died in 1600.

Uruguay, de, da oo-roo-gwi', (PAULINO JOSE Scares
de Souza,) VISCOUNT, a Brazilian statesman, born in


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 362 of 425)