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it appears, were in existence before his time, and among
whom he afterwards became a leader.

See HODGSON, "Reformers and Martyrs," Philadelphia, 1867
LKGKR, " Histoire genirale des Vaudois ;" A. MUSTON, " Histoire
des Vaudois," 4 ols., 1851.

Valee, vt'li', (SYLVAIN CHARLES,) COUNT, a French
marshal, born at Brienne-le-Chateau in 1773. He served
with distinction in Austria and Spain, and was made gen-
eral of division in 181 1. He was appointed inspector-gen-
eral of artillery by Louis XVIII., and made improvements
in the artillery. He succeeded to the chief command in
Algeria on the death of Danr^mont, and took Constan-.
tina in October, 1837. He became a marshal of France
the same year. Died in 1846.

See " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne'rale."

Valence, de, deh vfiaNss', (CYRUS MARIE ALEX-
ANDRE de Timbrune deh tJN'bRiin',) COUNT, a
French general, born at Agen in 1757. He was ap-
pointed general-in-chief of the army of Ardennes in Oc-



as k; c as s : g hard; g as>; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R. trilled; s as ; th as in this. ( J=See Explanations, p. 23.)



VALENCIA



2362



VALERE



tober, 1792, and gained some advantages over the allies
in Flanders. He followed Dumouriez in his defection
and flight, (1793.) Having returned to France about
1800, he served as general in Spain, (1808,) and in
Russia, (1812.) Died in 1822.
See " Nouvelle Biographic GiSnerale."
Valencia, DUKE OF. See NARVAEZ.
Valenciennes, vi'18N'se-eV, (ACHILLE,) a French
naturalist, born in Paris in 1794. He became professor
of anatomy at the Normal School in 1830, and after-
wards professor in the Museum of Natural History. He
published, besides other works, a " Natural History of
Fishes," (n vols., 1829-49.) Died April 14, 1865.

Valenciennes, (PIERRE HENRI,) a French landscape-
painter, born at Toulouse in 1750. He was the chief
of a school to which many eminent painters belonged.
According to the "Biographic Universelle," he was
tfct ablest landscape-painter of his time. Died in 1819.
Valens, (ABURNUS,) a Roman jurist of the time of
Antoninus Pius. There are only fragments of his
writings extant

Valens, (FABIUS,) a Roman general, notorious for
cruelty and other crimes. He revolted against Galba,
became a partisan of Vitellius, and defeated Otho at
Bedriacum in 69 A.D. Having been captured by the troops
of Vespasian, he was put to death the same year.

Valens, (FLAVIUS,) Emperor of the East, born about
328 A.D., was a brother of Valentinian L, to whom he
was indebted for the imperial power. He began to reign,
in 364, over Thrace, Asia, and Egypt. In 366 he sup-
pressed a rebellion of Procopius. He was an Arian, and
persecuted the orthodox. He defeated the Goths in 369,
after which he waged war against Sapor, (Shapoor,) King
of Persia. His dominions were invaded by the Goths,
by whom he was defeated and killed in a great battln
near Adrianople in 378 A.D.

See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire :" TfL
LEMONT, " Histoire des Empereurs ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"ne-
rale."

Valentia, de, di vl-l?n'te-i, (GREGORIO,) a Spanish
Jesuit and theologian, born at Medina del Campo about
1550. He was professor of theology at Ingolstadt and
at Rome. He wrote several controversial works. Died
in 1603.

Valentia, de, (PEDRO,) an eminent Spanish jurist,
born in 1554. He had a high reputation for learning.
He wrote an excellent commentary on 'he " Academics"
of Cicero, (1596.) Died in 1620.

Valenti-Oonzaga, va-len'tee gon-za'gi, (SILVIO,) ai,
Italian cardinal, born at Mantua in 1690, was a patron
of learning. He became chief minister of Benedict XIV.
soon after his election to the papacy. Died in 1756.
Valentin. See VALENTINE and VALENTINUS.
Valentin, va-len-teen' or fi-len-teen', (GABRIEL Gus-
TAV,) a German physician, of Jewish extraction, born at
Breslau in 1810. He became professor of physiology
at Berne in 1846. He published a " Manual of the His-
tory of Development," (1835,) and other physiological
works. Died May 28, 1883.

Valentin or Valentini, va-lSn-tee'nee, (MICHAEL
BERNARD,) a German medical writer and naturalist,
born at Giessen in 1657. He was professor in the Uni-
versity of Giessen, and wrote numerous works. Died
in 1726.

Valentin, vi'loN'taN', (MoisE,) called also VALENTIN
DE BOULONGNE, (vi'loN'taN' deh boo'loNn',) and LE
VALENTIN, (leh vS'l&N'taN',) a distinguished French
painter, born at Coulommiers in 1600. He studied in
Italy, and made Caravaggio his model. Among his
master-pieces we may name " The Death of John the
Baptist," and " The Denial by Peter." His delineations
of common life are also greatly admired. Died in 1632.
Valentin de Boulongne. See VALENTIN, (Moi'SE.)
Valentin-Smith, vS'loN'taN' smet, (JOANNES ER-
HARD,) a French lawyer and writer on political economy,
born at Trevoux in 1796. Among his works are " Men-
dicity and Labour," (1848,) and "The Philosophy of
Statistics," (1854.) Died at Lvons, May 8, 1891.

Val'en-tine or Val-eu-ti'nus, [Fr. 'VALENTIN, vi'-
loN'taN',] a native of Rome, was elected pope in Sep-
tember, 827. He died in October of the same year.



Valentine, (BASIL.) See BASIL- VALENTINE.

Val'en-tine, SAINT, an ecclesiastic of. the third cen-
tury, supposed to have suffered martyrdom under the
emperor Claudius, (270 A.D.)

Valentini, vl-Un-tee'nee, (GEORG WILHELM,)
BARON, a German general, born at Berlin in 1775,
served against the French in the principal campaigns
between 1811 and 1815, and was appointed in 1828 in-
spector-general of military instruction in the Prussian
army. He wrote several military works. Died in 1834.

Val-en-tinl-an [Lat. VALENTINIA'NUS ; Fr. VALEN-
TINIEN, vfldN'te v ne-aN'] L, (FLAVius,) born in Panno-
nia in 321 A.D., succeeded Jovian as Emperor of Rome
in 364, and, having made his brother Valens his colleague,
reserved for himself the western part of the empire. He
carried on wars with the Franks, Allemanni, and other
German tribes, over whom lie gained several important
victories. The Picts and Scots were also defeated, and
a rebellion in Africa was suppressed by his general
Theodosius. While marching against the Quadi and
Sarmatz, who had invaded Pannonia, Valentinian died
suddenly, (375 A.D.) He was a Catholic, but tolerated
the Arians.

See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire ;" TIL-
LSMONT, "Histoire des Empereura;" BARONIUS, "Annales; 1 *
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Valentinian (Valentinianua) IX, (FLAVIUS,) called
THE YOUNGER, was a son of the preceding, and was
made by his brother (Sratian, who succeeded to the
throne in 375 A.D., his colleague, and ruler over the
western part of the empire. After the murder of Gra-
tian by Maximus, in 383, he sought the protection of
Theodosius, who defeated Maximus and restored the
throne to Valentinian. He was assassinated in 392, by
order of Arbogastes, one of his generals, who aimed at
the supreme power.

See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."

Valentinian (Valentinianus) UX, (PLACIDIUS,)
son of Constantius, born in 419, was made ruler over the
Western empire by his uncle, Theodosius II., (425 A.D.,)
but the government was conducted by his mother, Pla-
cidia. During this period Africa was conquered from
the Romans by Genseric, in consequence of the discord
between the Roman generals Aetius and Bonifacius.
Aetius, having previously defeated the Huns under
Attila, was murdered by Valentinian, who was jealous
of his superior ability, (454.) The emperor perished
himself, in 455, by the hand of Petronius Maximus,
whose wife he had dishonoured.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;" TILLB-
MONT, " Histoire des Ernpereurs."

Valentinianus. See VALENTINIAN.

Valentinien. See VALENTINIAN.

Val-en-ti'nus, [Fr. VALENTIN, vfl&N'tlN',] a cele-
brated Gnostic, was a native of Egypt, and the founder
of a sect called Valentinians. He went to Rome about
140 A.D., and was excommunicated soon after that date.
He invented an obscure and fanciful system of theology
in which Platonic ideas were mingled with the mystic
doctrines of the Gospel of John. Died about 160.

Valentyn, va'len-tin', (FRANCIS,) a Dutch preacher
and traveller, born at Dort about 1660. He preached
several years at Amboyna, and published a descriptive
work entitled " Ancient and Modern East Indies," (8
vols., 1724-26.) Died about 1725.

Valera, (Don It'AN,) a Spanish statesman and
author, born at Cabra, Cordova, in 1824. As a public
man he held various ministries and other posts under the
rnment, and diplomatic positions at Washington
and several European courts. As an author he wrote
essays and poems and several popular romances, in-
cluding " Pepita Jimenez," (1874,) "Dona Luz,"
(1878,) " La Buena Fama," (1895,) etc.

Valera, de, da vj-la'ra, (DIEGO,) a Spanish historian,
born at Cuenca about 1412. He was major-domo to
Isabella of Castile, and received the title of histo-
riographer from Ferdinand the Catholic. He wrote an
" Abridged History of Spain," (" Cronica de Espafia
abreviada," 1482.) Died after 1481.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature."

Valere. See VALERIUS, (LUCAS.)



a, e. 5. o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, ohscttrt; far, fall, fit; m4t; not; good; moon:



VALERIA



VALIERI



Va-le'rf-a Ga-le'rI-a, a Roman lady, was a daughter
of Diocletian and Prisca. She was married in 292 A.D.
to the emperor Galerius, after whose death she was
persecuted by Maximinus because she refused to be his
wife. She was put to death by Licinius in 315 A.D.

Valeria Gens, an ancient patrician tribe or family
of Rome, supposed to be descended from Volesus, or
Volusus, a Sabine. This gens was represented by a
succession of eminent men for many centuries, and
enjoyed peculiar honours and privileges. Among the
names of the families into which it was divided were
Flaccus, Maximus, Messala, Publicola, and Volusus.

Va-le'rf-an [ Lat. VALERIA'NUS, (PuBLius LICINIUS ;)
Fr. VALERIEN, vt'li're^N'j succeeded /Emilianus as
Emperor of Rome in 253 A.D., and appointed his son
Gallienus his colleague. The empire was soon after
invaded by the Goths and other barbarous tribes, and
by Sapor, (Shapoor,) King of Persia, who defeated the
Romans near Edessa in 260 and took Valerian prisoner.
He was treated in the most insulting manner by his
captor, who is said to have placed his foot upon him
when he mounted his horse. He died in Persia about
268 A.D., and was succeeded by his son Gallienus.

See AURRLIUS VICTOR, "De Czsaribus;" TILLEMONT, " HU-
toire des Empereurs."

Valerian! Molinari, vi-la-re-a'nee mo-le-na'ree,
(LuiGl,) an Italian jurist, born in 1758; died in 1828.

See MONTANARI, " Biografia del Professore L. Valeriani Moli-
oari," 1835.

Valerianos Apostolos. See FUCA, DE, QUAN.)

Valerianus. See VALERIAN.

Va-le-rl-a'nus, (JOANNES PIERIUS,) or Valeriano,
va-li-re-a'no, (GIOVANNI PIERIO,) an Italian author,
born at Belluno in 1477. His family name was BoL-
ZANI. He became apostolic prothonotary and professor
of eloquence at Rome. Among his works are Latin
poems, and a " Treatise on Ancient Symbols," (" Hie-
roglyphica, sive de Sacris /Egyptiorum, aliarumque
Gentium Literis," 1556.) Died at Padua in 1558.

See DE THOU andTelssiER, " loges ;" NICBBON, " Me'moires."

Valerien. See VALERIAN.

Valerio, vi-la're-o or vifla're'o', (THEODORE,) a
French painter and engraver, born near Longwy (Mo-
selle) in 1819. He accompanied the Turkish army about
1853, and took sketches of various scenes and peoples
in Hungary, Bosnia, etc. Died September 14, 1879.

Va-le'rI-us, (ANTIAS QUINTUS,) a Roman historian,
wrote Annals of the city from its foundation to the time
of Sulla.

Valerius, (Juuus,) a translator, who is supposed to
have lived in the fifth century. He produced a Latin
version of a "History of Alexander the Great," by
jEsopus.

Valerius, [Fr. VALERE, v^aiR',] (LUCAS,) an Italian
mathematician, was professor of geometry in the College
of Rome. He published a work "On the Centre of
Gravity of Solids." Galileo called him the Archimedes
of his time. Died about 1618.

Valerius, (PROBUS MARCUS,) a noted grammarian
under the reign of Nero, was a native of Syria.

Valerius, (PUBLIUS,) surnamed ASIAT'ICUS, a Roman,
who was consul in 46 A.D. He was very rich. Messa-
lina, who coveted his garden, induced Claudius to put
him to death in 47 A.D.

Valerius Corvus, (MARCUS.) See CORVUS.

Valerius Flaccus. See FLACCUS, (CAius.)

Va-le'rI-us Maxl-mus, [Fr. VALERE MAXIME, vf -
laiR' mtk'sem',] a Roman historical writer under the
reign of Tiberius. His principal work is entitled " Fac-
torum Dictorumque Memorabilium Libri IX.," consist-
ing chiefly of historical anecdotes. Numerous editions
of it have been published, and it has been translated into
the principal modern languages. This work is very
defective in style and other qualities.

See Vossius, " De Historicis Latinis ;" FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca
Latina. "

Valerius Publicola. See PUBLICOLA.

Valesio, (FRANCISCO.) See VALLES.

Valesio, vj-la'se-o, (GIOVANNI LUIGI,) an Italian
painter and engraver, born at Bologna in 1561. He
worked in Rome.



Valesius, the Latin of VALOIS and VALLES, which see.

Va-le'sl-us, (ADRIANUS,) [Fr. ADRIEN DE VALOIS,
i'dRg^N' deh vi'lwa',] brother of Henri, noticed below,
born in Paris in 1607, was the author of a history of
France, entitled "Gesta veterum Francorum," etc., (3
vols., 1658,) and " Notitia Galliarum Ordine alphabetico
digesta," being an account of ancient Gaul. In 1660
he received a pension from the king, and the title of
royal historiographer. He also wrote a " Life of Henry
de Valois," (in Latin,) and other works. Died in 1692.

See NICERON, " Mimoires."

Valesius or De Valois, (HENRI,) an eminent French
scholar, born in Paris in 1603. He studied in his native
city, and subsequently at Bourges. Among his principal
works are his editions of Eusebius, Socrates, Sozomen,
and other Greek ecclesiastical historians, also an edition
of Ammianus Marcellinus, and " Excerpta Polybii, Dio-
dori, Nicolai Damasceni," etc. He was appointed royal
historiographer in 1660. Died in 1676.

See NICERON, " Me'moires."

Valette, vt'lSt', (AUGUSTS,) a French jurist, born at
Salins (Jura) in 1805. He became professor of civil
law in the Ecole de Droit, Paris, in 1837, and occupied
that chair more than twenty years. He published several
legal works. Died May 10, 1878.

Valette, de la, deh If vflet', (JEAN Parisot pi",
re'zo',) sometimes called Valette-Farisot, the founder
of Valetta, and grand master of Malta, was born of
French parents in 1494. He was elected grand master
in 1557, having previously acquired a high reputation
as a general. In 1565 the Sultan Solyman attacked
Malta with a powerful armament, (one hundred and
fifty-nine ships of war,) against which La Valette made
a successful defence. After a siege of four months, the
Turks retired. Died in 1568.

See MSRMET, " filoge de J. de la Valette-Parisot," 1803 ; PFAFP,
"Philippe Villiere de 1'Isle^Adam und J. de la Valette," 1851;
PIRSCOTT, " History of Philip II.," vol. ii. : WATSON, "Life of
Philip II.:" DK THOU, " Historia sui Temporis ;" VERTOT,
" Histoire des Chevaliers de Malte ;" " Nouvelle Biographic
GiSniSrale."

Valette, de la, (Louis de Nogaret deh no'gi'rj',)
CARDINAL, a French prelate, born in 1593, was a son of
the Due d'Epernon. He was an adherent of Richelieu,
who in 1635 gave him command of an army sent to aid
the German Protestants and fight against the Spaniards.
Turenne was second in command under him. In 1638
he commanded the army of Italy. Died at Rivoli in
1639.

See J. TAIX>N, " M<5moire de L. de Nogaret, Cardinal de la Valette,"
etc., 2 vols., 1771.

Valette, de la, (Louis DE THOMAS,) a French eccle-
siastic, born at Toulon in 1678. He became general of
the congregation of the Oratory. Died in 1772.

Valette, La. See LA VALETTE.

Val'gl-us Ru'fus, a Roman poet and critic of the
Augustan age, favourably mentioned by Horace in his
Tenth Satire, book i. Little is known respecting him
or his works.

Valhalla, (the "hall of the fallen or slain.") See
ODIN and VALKYRIA.

Valhubert, vilu'baiR', (JEAN MARIE MELON RO-
GER,) a French general, born at Avranches in 1764,
distinguished himself at Marengo, and was killed at
Austerlitz in 1805.

Vali, va'le, [etymology uncertain ; possibly related to
the Sanscrit btld, "strength," (which is cognate with the
Latin vtl-eo, to "be strong,") or the Sanscrit b&ll, an
"infant," because as an infant he performed his greatest
achievement,] one of the principal gods in the Norse
mythology, was the son of Odin and Rinda. When
only one day old, he avenged Balder's death by slaying
Hbder. He is said to be an excellent archer. He and
Vidar are the only ones among the principal gods who
will survive the destruction of the world at Ragnarock.

See THORPE, " Northern Mythology," vol. i. : KHVSKR. " Religio
of the Northmen ;" PETERSEN, " Nordisk Mythologi."

Valieri, v5-le-a'ree, or Valiero, vl-le-a'ro, (SrLVES-
TRO,) became Doge of Venice in i6g\. He waged war
with success against the Turks, and compelled them to
cede the Morea to Venice in 1699. Died in 1700.



; 9 as*; gharj; gas/; G,H,K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: sasz; thasinMw. (F~See Explanations, p. 23.)



VALIERO



2364



VALLEE



Valiero, vi-le-a'ro, or Valerio, va-la're-o, [Lat. VA-
LE'RIUS,] (AGOSTINO,) a learned Italian writer, born at
Venice in 1531. He became Bishop of Verona in 1565,
and a cardinal in 1583. He wrote, besides other works,
"Ecclesiastical Rhetoric," (" Rhetorica Ecclesiastica,
1574,) and a "Life of Carlo Borromeo," (1586.) Died
in 1606.

See UGHBLLI, "Italia Sacra:" NIC^RON, "MiSmoires:" G.
VENTURA, "Vita Cardinalis A. Valeni," 1741.

Valignani, va-len-ya'nee, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian
Jesuit and missionary, born at Chieti in 1537. Having
been sent to the East Indies in 1573, he preached in
Japan and China. Died at Macao in 1606.

Valin, vllaN', (RENE JOSUE,) a French jurist, born
at La Rochelle in 1695, acquired a high reputation by
his works on law. Died in 1765.

See LEPELLETIER, " filoge de R. J. Valin," 1844-

Valincourt or Valincour, de, deh vfliN'kooR',
(JEAN BAPTISTE HENRI du Trousset dii tRoo'si',)
SIEUR, a French writer and critic, born in Paris in 1653.
He wrote a "Life of Fran9ois, Due de Guise," (1681.)
and other works. He succeeded his friend Racine as a
member of the French Academy, in 1699, and as his-
toriographer to the king. Died in 1730.

See FONTKNELLE, " Stages;" NICEEON. " Memoires ;" " Nouvelle
Biographie Gine'rale."

Valkenburgh, vjl'ken-burg or val'ken-buRH, (THEO-
DORE or DlRCK,) a Dutch painter of portraits and still
life, born at Amsterdam in 1675. He worked for some
time at Vienna, from which he returned to his native
city. Died in 1721.

Valkyria, (or Valkyrja,) vll-klr'e-l or vil-klr'ya;
the common English plural is Valkyries,* val-klr'ez,
[Norse plural, Valkyrjur or Valkyriur, val-klr'yur,
derived from valr, " fallen" or "slain in battle," and Kjora,
cognate with the old German kiiren and Anglo-Saxon
ceosan, to "choose," signifying the "choosers of the slain,")
the name applied in the Edda to certain mythical beings,
attendants of Odin, by whom they are sent to every
battle-field to select such as are doomed to fall, and to
bring them tc Valhalla. They are described as white
maidens who ride through the air, from the manes of
whose horses dew falls in the valleys and hail on the
high mountains. Skuld, the youngest of the Norns,
is numbered among the Valkyries. They are some-
times called Valmcyar, ("battle-maids,") Skialdmeyar or
Skjaldmcyar, (" shield-maids,") and Oskmeyar, (" the
maids of Odin,") Oski being one of the names of the
war-god. It is the duty of the Valkyries, in addition
to their other offices, to wait upon the chosen heroes
(Einktriar) who are admitted to Valhalla, to fill their
cups with mead, and to have charge of everything be-
longing to the table.

See THORPE, " Northern Mythology," vol. i. ; KSYSER, " Re-
ligion of the Northmen ;" PETERSEN, " Nordisk Mythologi."

Valkyries. See VALKYRIA.

Valla. See VAL, DU, (NICOLAS.)

Valla, val'la, (GIORGIO,) an Italian scholar and phy-
sician, born at Piacenza about 1430, was a cousin of
Lorenzo, noticed below. He became professor of elo-
quence at Venice. He wrote several medical treatises,
and a work entitled " On Things to be Sought and to
be Avoided," (" De Expetendis et Fugiendis Rebus,"
2 vols., 1501.) Died at Venice in 1499.

See BAYLK, " Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" TIRABOSCHI,
" Storia della Letteratura Italiana."

Valla, (LORENZO,) an eminent classical scholar, born
at Rome about 1415. He was successively professor
of rhetoric at Pavia, Milan, and Naples, where he ac-

Juired the friendship and patronage of King Alfonso
. He was, it is said, persecuted by the Archbishop
of Naples, but he effected his escape to Rome, where
he was kindly received by Pope Nicholas V., who
made him his secretary and conferred on him other
distinctions. His principal works are entitled " Notes
on the New Testament," (" Annotationes in Novum
Testamentum," 1505,) "Elegantiae Sermonis Latini,"
commentaries on Livy and Sallust, and translations of



The English singular Valkyry or ValkyrU is rarely used.



Herodotus and Thucydides. Valla was one of the first
critics and scholars of his time; but his controversial
writings are disfigured by bitter invective and person-
alities. Died about 1460.

See Vosstus, " De Histcricis Latinis;" BAYLE, " Histoncal and
Critical Dictionary:" POGGIALI, "Memorie intomo alia Vita di L.
Valla;" WILDSCHUT, "Dissertatio de Vita et Scriptis L. Vallz,'
1830; P. GIOVIO, "Elogia;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Vallabha, val'Iah-b'ha', a Hindoo religionist, born in
1479, in the forest of Champaranya, where his mother,
being on a pilgrimage, deserted her infant After many
adventures, he settled at Benares, near which town he
died about 1532. He was the father of Vithalnathji, and
founder of the Vishnuvite sect called Maharajahs, (from
the title assumed by their priests,) notorious as the most
debased and immoral sect in all India.

Valladier, vJ'li'de-V, (ANDRE,) a French eccle-
siastic and writer, was^born about 1565. He became
preacher or chaplain to Henry IV. in 1608, and abb^ of
Saint-Arnoul in 1611. Among his works is "The Royal
Labyrinth of the Gallic Hercules," (" Le Labyrinthe
royal de 1'Hercule Gaulois," 1600.) Died in 1638.

See MORBRI, " Dictionnaire Historique ;" NIC^RON, " Me-
moires."



Vallance. vfloNss', or Valiancy,
(CHARLES,) an antiquarian writer, born in 1721, pub-
lished a work entitled " Collectanea de Rebus Hiber-
nicis," etc., and a " Grammar" and " Dictionary" of the
Irish language. Died in 1812.

Vallandigbam, va-lan'de-gam, (CLEMENT L.,) an
American politician, born at New Lisbon, Ohio, about
1822. He was elected to Congress as a Democrat, in
1856, by the voters of the third district of Ohio, which
he continued to represent until 1863. While in Con-
gress he opposed the efforts of the government to sup-
press the rebellion, and manifested his sympathy with
the insurgents in many a virulent harangue. In May,
1863, he was arrested on a charge of having " declared
disloyal sentiments and opinions," etc., and was sen-
tenced by a military court to close confinement till the
end of the war; but the President modified this sen-
tence and directed that he should be banished or sent
southward beyond our military lines. Mr. Vallan-
digham embarked at a Southern port and afterwards
went to Canada. The Democratic Convention which
met in Ohio in June, 1863, denounced his banishment
as a violation or the Constitution, and nominated him
as their candidate for Governor. He was, however,
defeated in the ensuing election, (October, 1863,) his
opponent, Mr. Brough, having received the unprece-
dented majority of 101,099 votes. Died in 1871.

Vallarsi, vll-IaR'see, (DoMENlCO,) an Italian anti-
quary, born at Verona in 1702, was versed in Hebrew
and Greek. He edited the works of Saint Jerome, (12
vols., 1734.) Died in 1771.

Vallart See VALART.

Vallauri, val-low'ree, (TOMMASO,) an Italian scholai
and literary historian, born at Chiusa di Cuneo in 1805.
He became professor of Latin eloquence at Turin in
1843. He published " History of Poetry in Piedmont,"
(1841,) " History of the Royal House and Monarchy of
Savoy," (1845,) "Critical History of Latin Literature,"
(in Latin, 1849,) a " Latin-Italian Dictionary," (1852.)
and editions of several Latin classics. Died in 1897.

Valle, della, del'll val'la, (GUGLIELMO,) an Italian


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 364 of 425)