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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Parma, esteemed one of his best works. He also wrote
a " History of the War of the Batavians," from Tacitus,
illustrated with his own designs. Died about 1630.

Vanvitelli, van-ve-tel'lee, (GASPARO,) the Italianized
name of CASPAR VAN WITEL, (wee'tel,) a Dutch painter,
born at Utrecht about 1650. He went to Italy in early
youth, worked many years at Rome and Naples, and
gained distinction as a painter of landscapes and archi
tecture. Died in 1736.

See NAGLBR, " Allgemeines Kiinsller-Lexikon."

Vanvitelli, (LuiGl,) a celebrated architect, born at
Naples in 1700, was a son of the preceding, and a pupil
of Ivara. He was appointed architect of Saint Peter's,
at Rome, in 1725, and encircled the dome of that edifice
with iron bands. He designed the large convent of Sant'
Agostino at Rome. His capital work is the magnificent
royal palace at Caserta, which he built for Charles, King
of Naples, and commenced in 1752. It is about seven
hundred and thirty feet long. This palace is highly
praised by Quatremere de Quincy, who says it exhibits
unity in every part, is simple, with variety, and complete
in all respects. Died at Caserta in 1773.

See L. VANVITELLI, " Vita di Luigi Vanvitelli." 1821 : I\f ILIZIA,
44 Memorie degli Architetti;" " Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Van Wyck, (ROBERT ANDERSON,) an American
mayor, born at New York in 1849. He studied law,
was judge in the city court of New York 1889-97, and
was elected by the Democratic party the first mayor of
Greater New York in 1897.

Van Zandt, (MARIE,) a prima donna, born at
New York in 1858. She was educated in music in
Europe, made her dffait as Zerlina at Turin in 1882,
and first appeared in New York in 1891. She married,
in 1898, Petrovich Tscherinoff , of Moscow, and retired
from the stage.

Vapereau, vt'peh-ro' or vip'ro', (Louis GUSTAVE,)
a French biographer, born at Orleans in 1819. He
published in 1844 a work "On the Literal, Moral, and
Religious Character of Modern Philosophy." Having
studied law, he was admitted as an advocate in 1854.



. ., . iSgi-9'5

and of a " Universal Dictionary of Literature."

Vaqueiras, de, deh va'ki'ris', (RAMRAUT,) a trouba-
dour, born (probably before i iSo) near Orange, in France.
lie was a favourite of Boniface II., Marquis of Mont-
ferrat, whom he accompanied on a crusade. He was
probably killed in a war against the Bulgarians, about
1207.

V3rah5, va-ra'ha, [i.e. in Sanscrit, a "hog" or
"boar,"] in the Hindoo mythology, the name of the
third avatar of Vishnu. A mighty monster or giant
named Hiranyaksha (he-ran-ylk'sha*) is said to have
seized the earth and carried it into the depths of the
ocean. Vishnu, assuming the form of a boar, (the sym-
bol of strength,) dived into the ocean, and, after a ter-
rible contest of one thousand years, slew the monster
and restored the earth, bearing it above the waters on
the point of his tusks. This fable not improbably has
reference to some geological change in the earth's surface.

Varanda, vi'roN'da", (JEAN,) a French medical
writer, born at Nimes, graduated at Montpellier in 1587.
He became professor of medicine at Montpellier, where
he died in 1617.

Va-ra'ne5 [Gr. Oiapuw?f] or Bahrain I., King of
Persia, was a son of Horrmsdas I. He reigned from
274 to 277 A.D., and waged war against Queen Zenobia.

Varanes IL, a son of the preceding, began to reign
in 277 A.D. He was involved in war with the Roman
emperor Carus, who took Seleucia and Ctesiphon. Died
in 294.

His son, Varanes in, reigned only eight months,
and died in 294.

Varanes IV., a brother of Sapor III., began to reign
in 390 AD. Died about 404 A.D.



Given in a strangely corrupted form('r7mi-dtt'n)inSouTHBY's
4 Curse of Keliama, 1 ' vol. i., x.



Varanes or Bahrain (or Baharam) V. was a son
of Yezdegerd I. He became King of Persia in 420 or
421. He persecuted the Christians, and waged war
against Theodosius II. Died in 448 A.D.

Varano, di, de vj-rl'no, (ALFONSO,) an Italian poet,
born at Ferrara in 1705. He contributed to the refer-
mation of Italian poetry, to which "he restored," says
Ugoni, "that manly accent and elevation which Dante
had given it." Among his works are "Sacred and Moral
Visions," ("Vision! sacre e morali.") Died in 1788.

See PANNELLI, " Elogio slorico di Alfonso Varano," I&26.

V archi, vaR'kee, (BENEDETTO,). an Italian scholar,
poet, and historian, born at Florence in 1502. He was
patronized by the grand duke Cosimo I., who made him
one of the directors of his New Florentine Academy.
His principal work is his "History of Florence from
1527 to 1538," ("Storia Fiorentina," etc., 1721.) He
also made translations from Seneca and Boethius, wrote
a dialogue or treatise on the Tuscan language, entitled
" L'Ercolano," (1570,) and composed " Sonetti," (2 vols.,
1557.) Died in 1565.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe :" TIRABOSCHI,
" Storia deila Leueratura Italiana ;" GINGUEN^, " Histoire liu^raira
d'ltalie;" " Nouvelle Biographic Generate. "

Vardan. See VARTAN.

Vardes, de, deh vjRd, (FRANCOIS UEN du Beo
Crespin dii bek'kRes'plN',) MARQUIS, a French cour-
tier, famous for his intrigues, was born about 1620. lie
gained the favour of Louis XIV., but afterwards offended
him, and was exiled from court in 1664. Died in |6S&.

Varela y Ulloa, vl-ra'li e ool-yo'i, (Don JOSE.) a
learned Spanish naval officer, born in Galicia in 1748;
died in 1794.

Varen, vi'ren, or Varenius, va-ra'ne-us, (BERN-
HARD,) an eminent Dutch geographer and physician,
born at Amsterdam about 1610. lie is called the
founder of scientific geography. In 1642 he produced
a thesis entitled " First-Fruits of the Philosophic Muses,"
(" Musarum Philosophicarum Primitias,") and in 16493
" Description of Japan." His chief work is a systematic
treatise on geography, "Geographia generalis," (1650,)
which effected a revolution in the science. An improved
edition of it wa published by Sir Isaac Newton in 1672,
and another in ;68l. This work of Varen was the first
or best that had appeared on physical geography. His
death is variously dated from 1660 to 1680.

Varenius. See VAREN.

Varenius, fi-ra'ne-us, (AUGUST,) a German Lutheran
theologian, born in the duchy of Luneburg in 1620. He
was a good Hebrew scholar, and wrote a commentary on
Isaiah, (1708.) Died in 1684.

Varenne de PenlUe, va'reV deh feh-nel', (Pmu-
BERT CHARLES,) a French writer on agriculture, was
born at Dijon. He published several useful works. He
was executed at Lyons by the terrorists in 1794.

Vargas or Vargas-Mexia, vaR'gls mi-Hee'a, (FRAN-
CISCO,) a Spanish jurist and diplomatist of high reputa-
tion. He was sent to the Council of Trent by Charles
V. in 1550 to congratulate the Council on its return to
that pjace. After his return to Spain he was a coun-
cillor of state. Died about 1560.

Vargas, de, da vaR'gis, (Luis,) an eminent Spanish
painter, born at Seville in 1502. In 1527 he visited
Rome, where he studied under I'erino del Vaga. His
works are principally religious pieces, and are painted
both in oil and fresco. He ranks among the best Span-
ish artists of the time, and was equally admirable ia
portrait and historical painting. Died in 1568.

See NACLER, "Allgemeines Kiinsiler-Lexikon i" QUILLIBT.
Diclionnaire des Peinlres Espagnoles."

Vargas-Macciucca, vaR'gas malc-chook'ka, (FRAN-
CESCO,) Marquis of Vatolla, an Italian linguist and judge,
born at Teramo, in Abruzzo, in 1699. He was a patron
of literary men, and wrote several essavs. Died in 1785.

Vargas y Ponce, vaR'gis e pdn'tha, (JosE.) a Span-
ish geographer and naval officer, born at Cadiz about
1755, wrote a "Description of the Balearic Isles," (1787.)
Djed in 1821.

Varignon, vS'ren'yoN', (PIERRE.) an eminent French
mathematician, born at Caen in 1654. He became a
resident of Paris in 1686, and publi;>hed in 1687 an able



eas i; 9 as s: g h,irj; g as/; G, H, K,gvttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in Ms. (jy See Explanations, p. 23.)



VARILLAS



2372



VARRO



work on statics, called " Plan of a New System of Me-
chanics," (" Projet d'une nouvelle Me'canique,") in which
for the first time all the science of statics was deduced
from the elementary principle of the composition of
forces. He was appointed professor of mathematics in
the College Mazarin in 1688, and obtained the chair of
philosophy in the College of France in 1704. Among
his works is "New Mechanics or Statics," ("Nouvelle
Me'canique ou Statique," 2 vds., 1725.) Died in 1722.

See FOMTRNEI.LE, " filoge de Varicnon ;" NicSRON, " Mi-
moires:" MONTUCLA, "Histoire des Malh^matiquesi" "Nouvelle
Biographic G^n^rale."

Varillas, vi're'yas', (ANTOINE.) a French historian,
born at Gueret in 1624, was a prolific writer, lie pub-
lished, besides other works, a " History of France from
the Reign of Louis XI. to that of Henry III., inclusive,"
(14 vols. 410, 1683-94,) and " History of the Revolutions
which have occurred in Europe on Account of Religion,"
(6 vols., 1686-89.) His reputation for accuracy and
veracity is not good. Died in Paris in 1696.

See NicdRON, "Me'moires;" MORERI, " Dictionnaire Histo-
rique :" HOSCHERON, " Varillasiana," 1734; "Nouvelle Biographic
Gilne'rale."

Varin, va"raN', (JACQUES,) a French botanist, born
near Rouen in 1740; died in 1808.

Varin, vS'rlN', or Warin, (JEAN,) a Flemish en-
graver and sculptor, born at Liege in 1604. He was
a skilful engraver of medals, and worked mostly in
Paris. Among his works was the seal of the French
Academy, (1635,) and a marble statue of Louis XIV.
Died in 1672.

See FELIBIEH. " Entretiens sur les Peintres."

Varin, (JOSEPH,) a French engraver, born at Chalons-
sur-Mnrne in 1740, worked in Paris. He had a high
reputation as an engraver of topography and architec-
ture. He engraved illustrations for several books. Died
in 1800. CHARLES NICOLAS VARIN, born in 1745, was
a brother and assistant of Joseph. Died in 1805.

Va'rl-us, (Lucius RUFUS,) an eminent Roman epic
and dramatic poet of the Augustan age, of whose life
little is known. He enjoyed the favour of Maecenas,
and was an intimate friend of Horace and Virgil, the
latter of whom appointed him one of his literary ex-
ecutors. He was, consequently, living in 19 B.C., the
date of Virgil's death. He wrote an epic poem, " De
Morte," (probably on the death of Coesar,) and a cele-
brated tragedy of " Thyestes," which, according to Quin-
tilian, would bear a comparison with any Greek tragedy.
None of his works are extant.

See WETCHERT, " De Vnrio Poeta," 1819, and "De L. Varii e
Cassii Parmensis Vita el Scriptis," 1836.

Varlet, vSn'li', (DOMINIQUE MARIE,) a French Jan-
ser.ist, born in Paris in 1678. lie was appointed Bishop
of Babylon about 1719, baton his arrival at the Caspian
Sea he learned that he was deposed or suspended by
the pope for Jansenism. He died in Holland in 1742.

Var'ley, (JOHN,) an English painter in water-colours,
born in London about 1777. His works are chiefly
landscapes, which are ranked among the finest produc-
tions in that department of the art. He was a believer
in astrology, to which he devoted a great deal of his
time. Died in 1842.

Varnhagen von Ense, faRn'ha'fen fon cn'seh,
(KARL AUGUST LUDWIG PHILIPP,) an eminent German
author, born at Dusseldorf in February, 1785. He began
to study medicine in Berlin in 1800, but soon renounced
that science, and applied himself to philosophy, etc. at
Halle, Berlin, and Tubingen. He entered the Austrian
army in 1809, was wounded at the battle of Wagram,
and became aide-de-camp of Prince Bentheim. In 1813
he enlisted as captain in the Russian army. He passed
into the Prussian diplomatic service in 1814, attended
the Congress of Vienna with Prince H.irdenberg, and
married Kahel Levin the same year. He became in
1819 a resident of Berlin, where he passed nearly all of
his subsequent life. He acquired a high reputation as
a writer of biography and history, and excelled in the



lanies," (" Denkwurdi : -keiten und vermischte Schrif-




ten," 7 vols., 1837-46,) a " Life of Field-Marshal Keith,"
(1844,) and a "Life of Karl Miiller," (1847.) He was
an intimate friend of Alexander von Humboldt. Died
in Berlin in October, 1858.

See "Nouvelle Hiographie Ge'ne'rale;" " Foreign Quarterly Re-
view" for January, 1^41.

Varnhagen von Ense, (RAHEL ASTONIE FRIE-
DERIKE Levin 14-veen',) wife of the preceding, wag
born of Jewish parents, in Berlin, in 1771. She was
a woman of superior intellect, and celebrated for her
conversational powers. Her salon was frequented by
the Schlegcls, the Humboldts, Tieck, and other eminent
authors. She became a professor of Christianity a short
time before her marriage, which occurred in 1814. Died
in 1833. Her husband published a work called " Rahel,
a Book of Remembrance for her Friends," (3 vols.,
1834,) which contains some of her writings.

See DE CUSTINE, "Madame Varnhagen d'Ense." i8?3: KIINI,
" Rahet : Geistes- und Charakter-Gemalde diesergrossen Frau," 1835;
"Foreign Quarterly Review" for April, 1841.

Varnier, vaVne^-i', a French writer on medicine and
chemistry, was bonTat Vitry-on-the-Marne in 1709. He
died at an advanced age.

Var'num, (JAMES MITCHELL,) an American general,
born at Dracut, Massachusetts, in 1749. He was twice
elected to Congress, and in 1787 was appointed one of
the judges of the Northwest territory. Died in 1789.

Varnum, (JOSEPH BRADLEY,) an American Senator,
born in Massachusetts about 1755, was a brother of the
preceding. He WAS a member of Congress from 1795
to 1811, and was Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives from 1807 to 1811. He was a political friend of
Jefferson, and was a Senator of the United States from
1811 to 1817. Died in 1821.

Varoli, va-ro'lee, [Lat. VARO'LIUS,] (CONSTANT or
COSTANZO,) an Italian anatomist and surgeon, born at
Bologna in 1542 or 1543. He was distinguished as a
lithotomist, and discovered a part of the brain called
Pons Varolii. About 1572 he became physician to Pope
Gregory XIII. He wrote a work on "The Optic
Nerves," etc., ("De NervisOpticis," 1573.) Died in 1575.

Varolius. See VAROLI.

Varotari, va-ro-tl'ree, ( ALESSANDRO, ) an Italian
painter, surnamed PADOVANINO, born at Padua in 1590,
was a son of Dario, noticed below. He studied at
Venice, and adopted the style of Titian. He is regarded
as one of the most successful imitators of that master.
His " Marriage at Cana" is esteemed one of his master-
pieces. He excelled in painting women and children.
Died in 1650.

See LANII, " History of Painting in Italy;" RIDOLFI, "Pilton
Veneti."

Varotari, (CHIARA,) an Italian portrait-painter, born
in 1582, was a sister of the preceding. Died in 1639.

Varotari, (DARIO,) surnamed PADOVANINO or PA-
DUANINO, an Italian painter, born at Verona in 1539.
He worked at Padua, where he became the chief of a
school. Died in 1596.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Var'ro, [Fr. VARRON, vt'riN',] (CAIUS TERENTtus,)
a Roman general, noted for his temerity. He was a
leader of the plebeians or popular party, and was elected
consul for 216 B.C. Against the advice of the other
consul, /Emilius Paulus, Varro offered battle to Hanni-
bal, and was defeated with great loss at Canns, (2i6B.c.)
He was one of the few Romans that escaped from that
disastrous battle, and he made such resolute and vigorous
efforts for the defence of the capital that he received the
thanks of the senate. Died after 200 B.C.

See Ltw, " History of Rome ;" MOMMSKN, " History of Rome.*

Varro, [Fr. VARRON,] (MARCUS TERENTIUS,) a cele-
brated Latin author, styled "the most learned of the
Romans," was born in 1 16 B.C., probably in Rome. He
was a pupil of L. .itlius Stilo and of Antiochus of Asca-
Ion, an Academic philosopher. He' became an intimate
friend of Cicero. About the year 67 B.C. he had a high
command under Pompey in the war against the pirates.
He fought for the senate against Caesar in the civil war
which began in 49 B.C. Soon after the battle of Ph.ir-
salia, he retired from public life and devoted himself to
literary pursuits. He was profoundly versed in nearly



a. e, 1, 6, 6, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i. i>. ii, y. ,/;/; a. e. j. o. f t, furf ; fir, fall, fit; met; not; gooJ ; moin;



VARRO



2373



VASIAN



every department of literature, and wrote a great num-
ber of works on various subjects. His capital work was
"Antiquitatum Libri," consisting of twenty-five books
on Human Antiquities and sixteen books on Divine
Antiquities, which is not extant. Saint Augustine de-
rived from this book materials for his work " De Civi-
tate Dei." Nearly all of Varro's works are lost, except
a part of his treatise on the Latin language, (" De Lingua
Latina,") and his excellent work on agriculture," De Re
Rustica Libri tres,") which is preserved entire. In 43
B.C. he was proscribed by Mark Antony ; but he escaped
death by concealment, and survived till 28 or 27 B.C.

Sec E. BERWICK, " Life of Pollio, Varro. and C. Callus." iSij:
PAPH, " De Varrone," 1835 ; G. BOISSIER, " Essai sur la Vie et les
Ouvrages de Varron," 1861; OKKLLI. " Onomasticon Tullianuru;"
FABRICIUS, " liiblioiheca Latina ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Gtine'raJe."

Varro, (PuBLius TERENTIUS,) a Roman poet, sur-
named ATACI'NUS, from Atax, in Gallia Narbonensis,
where he was born about 82 B.C. He was the author
of elegies, epigrams, and epic poems, which have been
lost, with the exception of fragments. Died in 37 B.C.

Varron. See VARRO.

Varst or Vaerst von, fon v?Rst, (FRIEDRICH CHRIS-
TIAN EUGEN,) BARON, a German littlrateur, born at
Wesel in 1792, published works entitled "Cavalier
Perspective," (1836,) "The Pyrenees," (4 vols., 1847,)
and "Gastrosophie," (1852,) which were received with
favour. He lived at Breslau. Died in 1855.

Vartan, var'tan', an Armenian prince, who became
a professor of Christianity. lie defended the liberty of
his country against the King of Persia, who attempted
to impose the religion of Zoroaster by force on the Ar-
menians. Vartan was killed in battle by the Persians,
in 451 A.D.

Vartan or Vardan, a learned Armenian doctor and
author, lived in the thirteenth century. lie wrote, be-
sides other works, a "History of Armenia to the Year
1267," and numerous Fables.

Var-to-ma'nus, the Latin name of LUICI BARTHEMA
(baR-ta'ma) or VARTHEMA, (vaR-ta'ma,) an Italian trav-
eller, born at Bologna about 1480. He travelled through
Arabia and Persia to the East Indies, where he passed
several years. He published in 1508 a Narrative of his
travels.

See "Noavelle Biographic G^nerale."

Varuna, [modern Hindoo pron. vur'66-na ; from the
Sanscrit verb irt, to "enclose" or "surround," and
etymologically related to the Greek oi-pavof, " heaven,"]
a name in the Hindoo mythology originally applied to
the sky or heaven, as enclosing or surrounding the earth,
but used by later writers to designate both the ocean
(which also encompasses the earth) and the regent of
the sea, or the deity who presides over the waters of
the ocean.

See MOOR. " Hindu Pantheon."

Va'rus, a Roman of the Augustan age, o. whom little
is known except that he was a friend and patron of Vir-
gil, who, in his sixth eclogue, offers a graceful homage to
his merit. He is supposed to be the same as Q. Varus,
who fought with the rank of general for Caesar in the
civil war.

Varua, (PUBLIUS ATIUS,) a Roman general and par-
tisan of Pompey in the civil war. He commanded in
Africa in 49 B.C., and, aided by King Juba, gained a vic-
tory over Curio. He was killed at the battle of Munda.

Varua, (PuBLIUS QUINTIUUS,) a Roman general, who
became consul in 13 u.C. and Governor of Germany about
6 A.D. He had not the energy or talents requisite to man-
age the warlike German tribes, who were provoked to
revolt by taxation and innovations which Varus initiated.
His army was attacked and defeated in 9 A.D. by a large
anny of insurgents, led by the famous chief Arminius.
Varus, with nearly all his men, perished in this action,
which was fought near the Weser.

See TACITUS, "Annales;" SUETONIUS, " Augustus" and "Tibe-
rius;" DION CASSIUS, " History of Rnme :" MER^VALE, " History
of the Romans under the Empire :" ESSELLEN, " Nachlrag zu del
Abhindlung, iiber den Ort der Niederlage der Rorner unter Varus,"
1853.

Varus, (QuiNTiLlus,) of Cremona, a Roman poet,
was a friend of Horace and Virgil. He died in 24 U.C.
His death was lamented by Horace in an.ode, book i. 24.



Varus Alfenus. See ALFENUS.

Vasa. See GUSTAVUS I.

Vasanta, [modern Hindoo pron. vus-im'ta ; often
called bus'unt in the common dialect,] the Sanscrit word
for " spring," applied in the Hindoo mythology to a per-
sonification of spring, said to be an intimate friend of
the god of love. (See KAMADKVA.)

Vasari, va-sa'ree, (GIORGIO,) an Italian painter, ar-
chitect, and writer upon art, was born at Arezzo in 1512.
He was a pupil of Michael Angelo and Andrea del
Sarto, and was patronized by Pope Clement VII., the
grand duke Cosimo I., and other eminent men. His
reputation rests on his "Lives of the Most Excellent
Painters, Sculptors, and Architects," (2 vols. Svo, 1550,)
esteemed one of the most valuable works of the kind
that has appeared in any language. It has been trans
lated into English and German. He was a very success?
ful artist, was skilful in design, and painted many frescos
at Rome and Florence. As architect, he restored the
Palazzo Vecchio at Florence, and built other fine edifices
for the grand duke Cosimo. Died in 1574.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy;" UOTTART, "Giunte
al Vasari :" Ticozzl, " Dizionario;" MILIZIA, " Memorie degli Ar-
chiielti;" NAGLER, " Ailgemeioes Kiinstler-Lexikon ;" "Nouvelle
Biographic Gene'rale."

Vasco da Gama, (or de Gama.) See GAMA, DA.

Vascoucellos, vis-kon-sel'l6s, (ANTONIO,) a Portu-
guese Jesuit and writer, born at Lisbon about 1555.

Vasconcellos, (SIMON,) a Portuguese Jesuit, born in
1599, lived many years in Brazil. He wrote a " History
of the Jesuit Mission in Brazil, (1663.) Died in 1670.

VasconceLloa, de, di vas-kon-sel'16s, (AGOSTINHO
MANOEL,) a Portuguese historian, born at Evora in 1583.
He wrote a " Life of Juan II. of Portugal," in Spanish,
(1639,) and other works. Having been implicated in a
conspiracy against John IV., he was put to death in 1641.

See NICERON, "Me"moires."

Vasconcellos, de, (ANTONIO AUGUSTO Texeira
ti-sha^e-ra,) a Portuguese journalist and litternttur, born
at O|>ofto in 1816, published several political and his-
torical works. Died July 29, 1878.

Vasconcellos, de, (MIGUEL,) a Portuguese states-
man, was a son of the jurist Pedro Barbosa. lie became,
about 1635, secretary of state and the most powerful
minister in Portugal, which was then subject to the King
of Spain. His tyranny and cruelty excited much odium
against him. In December, 1640, he was assassinated
by the conspirators who raised the Duke of Braganza to
the throne.

See BARBOSA MACHADO, " Eibliotheca Lusiuna;" LA CLCDE,
" Histoire de Portugal."

Vasconcellos-Coutinho, de, dl vas-kon-sel'16s ko-
teen'yo, (FRANCISCO,) a Portuguese poet, born at Funchal,
in Madeira, in the latter part of the seventeenth century.

Vascosan, de, deh vis'ko'zoN', (MicilEL,) an emi-
nent and learned French printer, born at Amiens about
1500, became a citizen of Paris. He was connected by
marriage with Robert Estienne. He published correct
and elegant editions of ancient Greek and Latin authors.
Died in 1576.

Vaseef or Vasifc va-seeP, written also Vaasit*
(Ahmed, an'med,) a Turkish diplomatist, born at
Bagdad about 1740. Ke collected the works of several
Turkish historians, and published them under the title
of "Annals of the Ottoman Empire," (1804.) He also
wrote a History of the Reign of Selim III. Died in 1806.

Va'sey, (GEORGE,) M.D., a botanist, born in York-
shire, England, February 23, 1822. He graduated at a
medical college in Pittsheld, Massachusetts, in 1847, and
in 1848 removed to Illinois. In 1872 he became botanist
to the United States department of agriculture. Among
his publications are a " Catalogue of the Trees of the
United States," (1875,) and two reports on the Grasses
of the United States, (1883-84 ) Died March 4, 1893.

Vasi, vl'see, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian designer and en-
graver, born in Sicily in 1710, worked in Rome. He
published a collection of engravings of the monuments,
churches, etc. of that city. Died in 1782.

Vasian, vi'se-an', written also Vassian and Was-



1 See Introduction, Section I., 14. (p. 9-)



. as k; ; as j; g h trd; g as/; c, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as i; th as in this.



e Explanations, p. z\.\



VASIF



2374



VATTEVTLLE


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 367 of 425)