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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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creating the world. (See ODIN.) It appears to have been
his office to banish from the new creation whatever was
impure or evil. By some he is identified with LODUR,
which see.

Vecchi, de, da vek'kee, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian
painter, born at Borgo San Sepolcro in 1536; died in

Vecchia, vek'ke-3, (PIETRO,) a Venetian painter,
originally named MATTONI, born in 1605, was a pupil
of Varotari. He imitated with great skill the works of
Titian and Giorgione. Died in 1678.

Vecchietta, vfk-ke-et'td, (LORENZO Di PIERO.) an
Italian sculptor, born at Sienna in 1482. He worked in
bronze. Died in 1540.

Vecchio di San Bernardo, H, el vek'ke-o de san
be'a-naR'do, (FRANCESCO Menzoochi mc'n-zok'kee,)
an Italian painter, born at Forli about 1510; died in 1547.

Vecellio. See TITIAN.

Vecellio, v.i-chel'le-o, (CESARE,) an Italian painter,
born at Cadore about 1530, was a pupil and cousin of
Titian. He published a collection entitled " On Ancient
and Modern Costumes," (" Degli Abiti antichi e mo-
derni," 1590.) Died in 1606.

Vecellio, (FRANCESCO,) a brother of Titian, born at
Cadore in 1483, was a painter of superior genius, but
renounced the profession for that of merchant or soldier.
Died in 1590.

Vecellio, (MARCO,) or MARCO di Tiziano de tet-
se-a'no, an able painter, born in Venice in 1545, was a
nephew and pupil of Titian. He accompanied Titian
in his journeys, and imitated his style with great success.
Among his works are a "Descent of the Holy Spirit"
and the "Marriage of the Virgin Mary." Died in 1611.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters ;" RlDOLPI, " Pittori Veneti ;"
LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Vecellio, (ORAZIO,) a skilful portrait-painter, bom at
Venice in 1515, was a son and pupil of Titian. He
assisted his father in many of his works. Died in 1576.

Vechte or Wechte, vkt, (ANTOINE,) a French
sculptor and goldsmith, born in the department of Cote-
d'Or about 1820. He had a high reputation as a de-
signer of ornamental works in gold and silver. Amone
his works is an allegorical vase in silver repousse. Died
in October, 1868.

Veda, va'da, (English plural Vedas,) i.e. "know-
ledge," [from the Sanscrit vtJ, to "know," cognate with
the old English wit, having the same signification, and
the Latin vij-to, to "see" or "perceive,"] the name of
the sacred books or scriptures of the Brahmans, sup-
posed to contain the fountain and sum of all essential
knowledge. They consist of four parts, the Rig- Veda,
Sama-V^da, Yajur-Veda, and Atharva-Veda. Of these
the Rig-Veda is the most important. It is composed of
religious lyrics or hymns, and is confessedly the oldest
extant portion of Sauscrit literature, dating perhaps
from 1400 to 1800 years before the Christian era.

See PROFESSOR WILSON'S translations of the "Rig-Veda," and
the different Introductions to those translations; COLEBROOKE on
the "Vedas." in vol. viii. of the "Asiatic Researches;" article
" Veda" in the " New American Cyclopaedia," (by PROFESSOR W.

Vedanta, (Philosophy.) See VYASA.

Vddavyasa. See VYASA.

Ved'der, (DAVID,) a Scottish poet, born in Burness
parish, Orkney, in 1790. He was a sailor in early life,
and later a revenue-officer. He published a number of
volumes of prose and verse. Died in Edinburgh, Feb-
ruary ii, 1854.

Vedder, (ELIHU,) an American genre painter, born in
New York in February, 1836. For a long time a student
in Italy, he finally made it his permanent residence.
His best works are highly suggestive, and are full of a
mystical and poetic quality. His best pictures are "The
Lair of the Sea-Serpent," *' A Venetian Dancing-Girl,"
"The Death of Abel," and "An Arab Listening to the
Sphinx." His illustrations to Fitzgerald's translation of
the " Rubaiyat" (i.e. " quatrains") of Omar Khayyam were
published in 1884, and won much praise.

Vedriani, va-dRe-S'nee, (LoDOVico,) a mediocre Ital-
ian historian, born at Modena in 1601, wrote a " History
of M6dena," (1664.) and other works. Died in 1670.


Veenix. See WEE.MX.


Vega, de. See LOPE DE VEGA.

Vega, von, fon va'ga, /.GEORC,) BARON, a German
officer and mathematician, born in Carniola in 1754, was
originally named VEHA. He served with distinction in
several campaigns against the French and Turks, at-
tained the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and was appointed
professor of mathematics in the Imperial artillery. He
was the author of "Tables of Logarithms," (Logarith-
mentafeln, 1783,) "Lectures on Mathematics," (4 vols.,
1786-90,) "Complete Treasury of Logarithms," (1794,)
and other valuable works. Vega was murdered in 1802
by a miller, who despoiled him of his money and watch.

Vegece. See VEGETIUS.'she-us, [Fr.VEGECE, vi'zhis 7 ,] (FLA-
vius KENATUS.) a Roman military writer of the fourth
century, is believed to have been a Christian. His
principal work is entitled "Epitome Institutionum Rei
militai is," (in five books,) and is dedicated to Valentinian
II. It treats of the organization of armies, training
of soldiers, etc., and is written in a clear and graceful
style. Translations of it have been published in English,
French, and German.

Vehrli or Wehrli, vaVIee, (JAKOB,) a Swiss teacher,
born in 1790, was for many years an assistant of Fellen-
berg at Hofwyl. He became in 1833 superintendent of
the Normal School at Kruitzlingen, on Lake Constance.
Died in 1855., fa'zeh, (KARL EDUARD,) a German historian,
born at Freiberg in 1802, studied at Leipsic and Gotting-
en, and afterwards visited the United States, London,
and Paris. He published several works, the most im-
portant of which is his " History of the German Courts
since the Reformation," ("Geschichte der Deutschen
Hofe seit der Reformation," 48 vols., 1858.) He also
wrote two volumes on Shakspeare. Died in 1870.

Veil, v|l, or Viel, (CHARLES MARIE,) a commentator
on Scripture, born at Metz, was originally a Jew. He be-
came a Protestant, and preached in England about 1680.

Veil, de, deh vil, (Louis de Compiegue deh ko.\ f '-
pe-^n',) a converted Jew, a brother of the preceding,
born at Metz, went to England about 1680, and pub-
lished Latin versions of some works of Maimonides.

Veimara. See LOEVE.

Veit, vit or fit, (PiiiLlPP,) a celebrated German
painter, born at Berlin in 1793, was a grandson, on his
mother's side, of Moses Mendelssohn. He studied at
Rome in company with Cornelius, Overbeck, and other
young artists, who aimed at reviving the mystical style
of the middle ages. Among his master-pieces we may
name his " Triumph of Religion," in the Vatican gallery,
"Scenes from Dante's Paradise," in the Villa Massimi,
" Christianity bringing the Fine Arts into Germany," a
large fresco in the Stadel Art Institute at Frankfort-on-
the-Main, and the "Seven Years of Plenty," one of
the frescos of the history of Joseph, at the Villa Bartholdy,
Rome. Died December 18, 1877.

Veitch, veetch, (JOHN,) a Scottish professor, born at
Peebles about 1830. About 1860 he was appointed pro-
fessor of logic and metaphysics in the University of Saint
Andrew's. He wrote a " Life of Sir William Hamilton,"
(1869,) "The Tweed, and other Poems," (1875,) " Lucre-
tius and the Atomic Theory," (1875,) and "The History
and Poetry of the Scottish Border," (1877.) Died 1894.

Veitch, (WILLIAM,) LL.D., a Scottish Hellenist, born
at Spiual, Roxburghshire, about 1795. He was educated
at Edinburgh University. He published "Greek Verbs,
Irregular and Defective," (1848,) a work of high value,
and was one of the revisers of Liddell and Scott's Lex-
icon. Died July 8, 1885.

Vela, va'ld, (BLASCO NUNEZ,) a Spaniard, was sent
by Charles V. to Peru in 1543 as viceroy. His authority
was resisted by the rebels under Gonzalo Pizarro, by
whom Vela was defeated and killed in 1546.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Gifne'rale."

Vela, va'li, (VINCENT,) an Italian sculptor, of Swiss
origin, born in the canton of Tessin (Ticino) in 1822.
Among his works is a statue of Spartacus.

e as k; 9. as s; | hard: g as /; G, H, K,guttural; N, nuial; R, trilled; s as s; th as in this. (C3J>=See Explanations, p. 23.)





Velasco, de, dl vi-las'ko, (FRANCISCO,) a Spanish
writer of sacred poems, born in the latter part of the
sixteenth century.

See LONCFHLLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe.*'

Velasco, de, (GREGORIO HERNANDEZ.) a Spanish
poet, born at Toledo about 1550. lie produced a good
version of Virgil's "^Eneid," and other translations,

Velasquez, va-lis'keth, (ALEXANDRO GONZALEZ,) a
Spanish painter and architect, born at Madrid in 1719.
He designed the palace of Aranjuez. Died in 1772.

His brother ANTONIO, born in 1729, was an able
painter. He became court painter to Charles III. in
1757. He excelled in frescos. Died in 1793.

Velasquez, (DiEOO,) a Spanish commander, born in
Old Castile about 1460. He was sent by Diego Colum-
bus to Cuba, which he conquered in 1511. He was
afterwards Governor of Cuba, and despatched an ex-
ploring party which discovered Mexico. About 1520
he sent a small army to Mexico under Narvaez to
operate against Cortez, who defeated Narvaez and took
him prisoner. Died in 1523.

See PRKSCOTT, "History of the Conquest of Mexico;" ORHL-
LANA, " Varones del nuevo Mundo."

Velasquez (or Velazquez) de Silva, vi-]Js'keth
da sel'va, (Don DIEGO RODRIGUEZ,) a celebrated Span-
ish portrait-painter, born at Seville in 1599. He was a
pupil of Herrera el Viejo, and afterwards of Francisco
Pacheco, whose daughter Juana he married. He did
not adopt the style of either of these masters, but
formed for himself an original style by the study of
nature. Having removed to Madrid in 1622 and painted
a portrait of the Duke of Olivares in 1623, he was ap-
pointed court painter to Philip IV., and rose rapidly to
fame and prosperity. He was a friend of Rubens, whom
he met at Madrid in 1628. lie visited Italy in 1629,
.admired the works of Titian at Venice, and passed
about a year at Rome, where he painted a picture of
"Jacob and the Bloody Garment of Joseph," and
"Apollo at the Forge of Vulcan." He returned to
Madrid in 1631, after which he produced an admirable
equestrian portrait of Philip IV. In 1648 he was sent
to Italy by the king to purchase pictures and models of
antique statues. He painted at Rome an excellent por-
trait of Pope Innocent X., and returned home in 1615.
In 1656 he obtained the cross of Santiago, which is
rarely given to any except men of high rank. He was
also appointed to the office of aposentador mayor, whose
duty it is to provide lodgings for the king in his journeys.
Died in August, 1660. Velasquez is regarded by many
critics as the greatest painter that Spain has produced.
He is considered to have surpassed other Spanish artists
not only in portraits but in history and landscapes. He
neglected the ideal and poetical, and seems to have been
deficient in invention ; but he reproduced the real with
marvellous fidelity. His best works are mostly at
Madrid. Among his best historical pieces is a "Cruci-
fixion," (1639.) Commenting on his picture of "The
Spinners," ("Las Hilanderas,") Mr. Stanley says, "For
truth of character, perspective arrangement, and delusion
of light and shadow, it is considered marvellous."
(Bryan and Stanley's " Dictionary.")

See WILLIAM STIRLING, " Velasauez and his Works," 1855;
CEAN-KKRMUDRZ, " Diccionnrio de las bellas Artes;" NAGLER
"Allgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon ;" FORD, " Hand-Hook for Travel-
lers in Spain :" " Fraser's Magazine" for July, iSss : QutLUBT, or
QUILLET, " Dictinnnairedes Peintres Espagnols:" CHARLES BLANC,
' Histoire des Peimres ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Gene>ale."

Velasquez de Velasco, va-lJs'keth da vi-lis'ko.
(Luis JOSE,) Marquis de Valdeflores, a Spanish anti-
quary, born at Malaga in 1722. He published several
works on Spanish antiquities. Died in 1772.

Velde, van den, vf n dSn vll'deh, or Vandervelde,
(ISAIAH,) a Dutch painter, born at Leyden about 1595,
was also an etcher. He painted landscapes, rustic scenes,
and battles. Died about 1650.

Velde, van den, (JAN,) a painter and skilful engraver,
born at Leyden about 1598, was a brother of the pre-
ceding, lie painted landscapes and rustic scenes, and
Engraved portraits, etc. Died after 1677.

Velde, van der, (ADRIAAN and WILLEM.) See VAN

Velde, van der, vSr. der fel'deh or vel'deh, (FRANZ
KARL,) a German writer, born at Kreslau in 1 779, was the
author of a number of novels, tales, and dramatic works,
which were very popular at the time. Died in 1824.

Veldeke, von, fon vel'deh-keh, (HEINRICH,) a Ger-
man minnesinger of the twelfth century, was the author
of an epic poem entitled "Eneit."

Vel'e-da or Vel'le-da, a German prophetess, who
lived near the river Luppia (Lippe) in the reign of Ves-
pasian, and was regarded with great veneration. Having
prophesied in favour of Civilis, who revolted against the
Romans, she was carried captive to Rome about 85 A.D.

Velez de Guevara. See GUEVARA.

Vella, vel'15, (GIUSEPPE,) a literary impostor, born at
Malta in the latter part of the eighteenth century, pre-
tended to have discovered an Arabic manuscript ot
several of the lost books of Livy, and other important
documents in the Arabic language. His frauds were
exposed by Tychsen and Hager.

Velleius Faterculus. See PATERCULUS.

Vellejus, vel-la'yus, (ANDREAS SEVERINUS or SOE-
RENSEN,) a learned Danish historian and theologian,
born at Veile, in Jutland, in 1542. He became court
preacher at Copenhagen about 1568. He published
"The Lives of the Popes, in verse," (1571,) a " History
of Canute," several biographies, and other works. Died
in 1616.


VeLluti, vll-loo'tee, (DoNATo,) an Italian chronicler,
born at Florence in 1313 ; died in 1370.

Velly, vMe', (1'AUL FRANCOIS,) a French historian,
born near Rheimsin 1709. lie published a " History of
France," (8 vols., 1759.) which was favourably received
at the time. He also translated Swift's "History of John
Bull." Died in 17159.

Velpeau, vel'po', (ALFRED ARMAND Louis MARIE,)
a celebrated French surgeon and anatomist, born neai
Tours (Indre-et-Loire) in 1795. He graduated in Paris
in 1823, became professor of clinical snrgery to the
Facultede Medecine in 1834 or 1835, and chief surgeon
of the hospital La Charite in 1841. He succeeded Dr.
Larrey in the Institute about 1842. As professor of
clinic, he acquired a European reputation. Among his
numerous works we notice a "Treatise on Surgical
Anatomy," (2 vols., 1825-26,) which is said to be very
complete, an excellent treatise on Obstetrics, entitled
"Traitede 1'Art des Accouchements," (1829,) which was
translated byDr. Charles Meigs.of Philadelphia, (1831.)
and "Traite des Maladies du Sein," (1838.) An en-
larged edition of the latter was issued in 1854. Died
in August, 1867.

See SACHAM.E, "Les Me'decinsde Paris;" " Nouvelle Eiograprue

Velser, f?l'ser, or Velserus, fel-sa'ros, (MARCUS.) a
German civilian, bom at Augsburgin 1558. He became
a senator about 1592. Among his works is "Rerum
Boicarum Libri V.," (1602.) Died in 1614.

Veltheim, felt'hlm, (AUGUST FERDINAND,) COUNT,
a German antiquary and scientific writer, born near
Helmstedt in 1741. He published a treatise "On the
Formation of Basalt," (1786.) " On the Statue of Mem
non," and other works. Died in 1801.

Veltheim or Velthem, written also Velten, a Ger-
man actor of the seventeenth century, who was the first
to introduce the plays of MoHere on the German stage.

Velthusiug. See VELTHUYSEN.

Velthuysen.velt'hoi'zen, [Lat. VELTHV'SIUS,] (LAM-
BERT,) a Dutch theologian and philosopher, born at
Utrecht in 1622. He wrote several works on moral
philosophy and religion, which were highly esteemed.
He was a strenuous advocate of toleration. Died in 1685.

Ven'a-ble, (CHARLES S.,) LL.D., an American math-
ematician, born in Prince Edward county, Virginia, April
19, 1827. He graduated at Hampden-Sidney College in
1842, and at the University of Virginia in 1848. He was
professor of mathematics in Hampden-Sidney College,
1848-56, professor of physics and chemistry in the Uni-
versity of Georgia in 1856, and professor of mathematics
and astronomy in the University of South Carolina, 1857-
61. He served in the Confederate army as captain of engi-
neers, and afterwards as lieutenant-colonel and aide-de-

5, e,I, 6, fl, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e. 1, 6, 8, J, short; a, e, j, 9, olscurt; fir, fill, fat; met; nit; gSod; moon;





camp to General R. E. Lee. In 1865 he was appointed
professor of mathematics in the University of Virginia.
He has published a series of mathematical text-books,

Venance. See DOUGADOS.
Venantius. See FORTUNATUS.
Vence, de, deh VONSS, (HENRI FRANC.OIS,) a French
ecclesiastic and Hebrew scholar, born in Barrois about
1675. He wrote dissertations or commentaries on the
Bible, which were inserted in the Bible of Calmet, (1748-
50.) Died at Nancy in 1749.

Vendome, de, deh vfiNMom', (ALEXANDRA) Due,
a brother of Cesar, noticed below, born in 1598, was
legitimated the following year, and created Uuke of
Vendome. He was made grand prior of the knights of
Malta in France. Suspected of conspiring against Riche-
lieu, he was arrested, (1626,) and died in prison in 1629,
Vendome, de, (CESAR,) Due, a natural son of Henry
IV. of France and Gabrielle d'Estrees, was born in 1594.
He was soon after legitimated and made Duke of Ven-
dome. Having been charged with taking part in the
conspiracy against Richelieu in 1626, he was imprisoned
four years. He was appointed Governor of Burgundy
in 1650. Died in 1665.

See CAEDINAL RETZ, " Me'raoires ;" BAZIN, "Histoire de Louij

Vend6me, de, (Louis,) son of the preceding, was
born in 1612, served in the campaigns of Louis XIII.,
and rose to be viceroy and commander of the French
troops in Catalonia in 1649. He married in 1651 Laura
Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and after her death,
having been ordained a priest, was made a cardinal in
1669. Died in 1669.

Vend6me, de, (Louis JOSEPH,) Due, an able gene
ral, a son of the preceding, was born in Paris in 1654.
He served under Turenne, and in the campaign of
Flanders under Marshal de Cre'qui, and was appointed
in 1681 Governor of Provence. I le was made lieutenant-
general in 1688, and took an active part in the siege of
Namur and the battles of Steenkerke and Marsaglia.
Having succeeded Noailles as commander of the army
of Catalonia in 1695, he besieged Barcelona, which he
compelled to surrender, (1697.) On the breaking out
of the war of the Spanish succession, he became com-
mander of the forces in Italy, and in 1702 fought the
battle of Luzzara with the army of Prince Eugene. He
was defeated by the Duke of Marlborough and Eugene
at Oudenarde in 1708. Being sent in 1710 by Louis
XIV. to the assistance of Philip V. in Spain, he restored
that sovereign to his capital, and soon after gained a
signal victory over the Austrian forces under Starhem
berg at Villa Viciosa. Died in 1712.

See VILLENEUVE. " filoge du Due de Vendome," 1 783 : VoLTAJKB,
"Siecle de Louis XIV;" SAINT-SIMON, "Mimoires."

Vendome, de, (PHILIPPE,) Due, brother of the pre
ceding, was born in 1655. He served under his uncle,
the Duke of Beaufort, in 1669, and took part in thi
principal campaigns of his brother. He was grand prio
of the knights of the order of Malta. Died in 1727.

Vendramini, vSn-dka-mee'nee, (GIOVANNI,) an abl<
Italian engraver, born near Bassano in 1769, workec
in England, and engraved the works of several Italian
masters. Died in London in 1839.

Venedey, fa'neh-di, (JAKOB,) a German jurist an
politician, born at' Cologne in 1805. He was arreste
in 1832 on a charge of being connected with secret so
cieties, but effected his escape to France. Returning in
1848, he was soon after elected to the National Assem
bly. He subsequently became professor of history a
Zurich, lie published several works on various subjects,
among which is a " History of the German People," (4
vols., 1854-58.) Died Februarys, 1871.

Venel, veh-neV, (GABRIEL FRANC.OIS,) a Frenct
chemist and physician, born at Combes in 1723. H
became professor of medicine at Montpellier, where h
died in 1775.

Venerio. See VENIERO.

Veneroni, va-na-ro'nee, a French scholar of th
eighteenth century, originally named JEAN VIGNERON
(v?n'yeh-r6N',) published an Italian Grammar and Die

Venette, veh-n?t', (NICOLAS,) a French medical

riter.ljorn at La Rochelle in 1633 ; died in 1698.


Veneziano, vi-n2t-se-a'no, (AcosT'NO,) a celebrated
talian engraver, born at Venice, is sometimes called
AUGUSTINUS DE Musis. He studied under Marcantonio
laimondi, and executed a number of prints after Ra-
phael and Giulio Romano. Among his master-pieces
re portraits of the emperor Charles V. and Francis I.
)f France, and " The Skeletons, or Hurying-Place," after
iaccio Bandinelli. Veneziano is said to have been the
irst to practise stipple engraving. He lived about

See STRUTT, *' Dictionary of Engravers."

Veneziano, (ANTONIO,) an eminent Venetian paintet,
3orn about 1309, was a pupil of Angelo Gacldi. His
cos in the Campo Santo at Pisa are ranked among
master-pieces. He afterwards studied medicine, and
lied of the plague at Florence, in 1384, while attending
he sick.

Veniero, va-ne-a'ro, or Venier, va-ne-aiR', (ANTO-
NIO,) a Venetian statesman, was elected doge in 1382.
ie extended the domain of Venice by the acquisition
of Corfu, Argos, and Treviso. Died in 1400.

Veniero, (DoMENico,) a Venetian poet and trans-
ator, born in 1517, was one of the founders of tho
Venetian Academy. He was intimate with Cardinal
3embo and other distinguished men of the time. His
mothers, LORENZO and MAFFEO, were also poets. Died
n 1582.

Veniero or Venier, (FRANCESCO,) a Venetian phi-
osopher and statesman, a brother of the preceding, was
>orn about 1505; died in 1581.

Veniero, (LORENZO,) a poet, born at Venice about
1510, was a brother of the preceding. He wrote sa-
irical and immoral poems. Died in 1550-

Veniero or Venerio, va-na're-o, (SEBASTIANO.) a
Venetian admiral, commanded the fleet of the republic
at the battle of Lepanto, in 1572. He was elected doge
n 1576. Died in 1578.

See PRESCOTT, " History of Philip II.," vol. iii. book v.

Ve-nil'I-a, [Fr. VENILIE, vi'ne'le',] a Roman divinity
or nymph, w'as called a sister of A mata - tne w ' le f ^ au '
nus, and the mother of Turnus and Juturna.

Venilie. See VENILJA.

Venino, va-nee'no, (IpNAZIO,) an Italian Jesuit, horn
at Como in 1711, is said to have been the greatest
preacher of Italy in the eighteenth century. Died at
Milan in 1778.

Venius. See VAN VEEN.

Venn, (HENRY,) an eminent English theologian, bom
at Barnes, Surrey, in 1725, was a son of Rev. Richard
Venn. He graduated as A.M. at Cambridge in 1749,
became vicar of Huddersfield about 1760, and rector of
Yelling, in Huntingdonshire, in 1770. He published,
besides Sermons, "The Complete Duty of Man, or a
System of Doctrinal and Practical Christianity," and
"Mistakes in Religion Exposed." Died in 1797.

See HENRY VENN, "Life and Letters of Rev. Henry Venn,"


Venn, (JOHN,) a clergyman, a son of the preceding,
was born at Clapham in 1759. He became rector of
Clapham in 1792, and died there in 1813. Two volumes
of his sermons have been published.

Venn, (RICHARD,) an English writer on theology^
was the father of Henry, noticed above. He was recto?
of Saint Antholin's, London. Died in 1740.

Ven'ner, (TOBIAS,) an English physician, born in
Somersetshire in 1577. He practised at Hath with suc-
cess, and published a treatise on diet and regimen, en-
titled "The Right Way to Long Life," ("Via recta ad
Vitam longam," about 1622,) which was very popular.
Died in 1660.

Ven'ning, (RALPH,) an English nonconformist min-
ister, born about 1620, was noted both for his eloquence
and his piety. He became lecturer or preacher at Sainl
Olave, Southwark, from which he was ejected for non-
conformity in 1662. He wrote, besides other religious
works, " Things Worth Thinking on, or Helps to Piety."
Died in 1673.


< as k, c as s; g hard: g as i; G, H, K.gutturat; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as t; th as in this. (^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



Ventenat, voNt'nf, (ETIENNE PIERRE,) a French
botanist, born -at Limoges in 1757. He published a
"Tableau of the Vegetable Kingdom," (4 vols., 1799.)

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 369 of 425)