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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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"The Garden of Malmaison," (2 vols., 1803, with plates
by Redoute',) and other works. Died in 1808.

See CuvtER, " "!oges historiques."

Ven-tid'J-us Bas'sus, (PuBLius,) a Roman general,
born in Picenum, was brought to Rome in 89 B.C., being
then a child. He became a favourite officer of Caesar,
whom he supported in the civil war which began in 49
B.C., and was chosen consul in 43. As the legate of
Mark Antony, he commanded in Syria in the year 39,
and defeated Labienus and the Parthian prince Pacorus.

See DION CASSIUS, " History of Rome."

Ventignano, vgn-ten-ya'no, (CESARE della Valle
del'llvil'la,) DUKF.OF, an Italian poetand miscellaneous
writer, born at Naples in 1777. Among his principal
works are the tragedies of "The Siege of Corinth" and
" Medea," an " Essay on the Education of the Aris-
tocracy and the Labouring Classes," (1848,) and " Phi-
losophic View of the History of the Human Race,"
(1853.) Died in 1860.

Ventimiglia, ve'n-te-mel'yi, (GIUSEPPE,) Prince of
Belmont, a liberal Sicilian statesman, born in 1761, was
distinguished for munificence and taste. Died in 1814.

Veutura, v&i-too'ri, (GIOACCHINO or JOACHIM,) an
eloquent Italian preacher and theologian, born at Pa-
lermo in 1792. He gained such distinction as a preacher
of funeral orations that he was called "the Italian Bos-
suet." About 1824 he became a resident of Rome, and
acquired much influence with the pope, lie published
"On the Method of Philosophizing," ("De Methodo
Philosophandi," 1828,) and "The Beauties of the Faith,"
(1839.) He was liberal in politics, and, after the election
of Pius IX., (1847,) had great popularity as a leader of
the moderate party of reformers at Rome. He advised
the pope to give his subjects a constitution. His efforts
having been defeated, he quitted Rome in 1849, and set-
tled in Paris in 1851. He preached at the church of the
Madeleine and at the Tuileries, (1857,) and published,
in French, several works, among which is "The Philo-
sophic Reason and the Catholic Reason," (" La Raison
philesophique et la Raison catholique," 1852.) Died
at Versailles in August, 1861.

See E. VAVASSEUR, "Ventura," Paris, 1851; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Venturi, v5n-too'ree, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Ital-
ian natural philosopher, born at Bibiano in 1746. He
became professor of physics at Pavia about 1800. He
published, besides other works, an " Essay on the Phy-
sico-Mathematical Works of Leonardo da Vinci," (1797,)
and a "Treatise on Optics," (1814.) Died in 1822.

See the " Edinburgh Review" for April, 1805.

Venturi, (PoMPEO.) an Italian Jesuit, born at Sienna
in 1693. He wrote a commentary on Dante, (3 vols.,
1732.) Died in 1752.

Ve'nus, (Gr. 'Aftw&rj;, (Aphrodite;) Fr. VENUS, va'-
niis'; It. VENERE, va'ni-ri,) the goddess of love and
beauty, in classic mythology, was said to be a daughter
of Jupiter (or Uranus) and Dione, the wife of Vulcan,
and the mother of Cupid, Harmonia, Hymen, the Graces,
Priapus, and /Eneas. None of these, however, were the
offspring of Vulcan. The poets feigned that she origl
nated in the foam of the sea, (hence her surname ANA
BYOMENE,) and landed first on the island of Cythera,
from which she passed to Cyprus, where flowers sprang
up under her feet ; that Love and Desire attended her to
the assembly of the celestial gods ; that Juno, Minerva,
and Venus were competitors for the prize of beauty, (the
apple of discord,) and that Paris decided in favour of
Venus. She thus became the object of Juno's jealousy
and lasting enmity. In the war between the Greeks and
the Trojans she was an ardent and active partisan ( the
latter, and was wounded by Diomede. According to
popular legends, she possessed a magical girdle, which
had the property to inspire love and desire for the per-
son who wore it. Among her favoured paramours were
Mars, Bacchus, Apollo, Adonis, Mercury, and Anchises.
The principal places of her worship were Cythera, Cy-
prus, Paphos, and Idalium. Her favourite plants were
the rose and myrtle. The dove, sparrow, and swan



were supposed to be sacred to her. She was variously
styled Cypria,-(from Cyprus,) Cythera and Cytheraea,
from the island of Cythera, where she first appeared,
uid of which she became the principal deity,) Venus Gen-
Mrix, Venus Hortensis, Venus Victrix, Venus Verticordia,
Venus Alma, Venus Erycina, (from Eryx, in Sicily,
where she had a temple,) Aphrodite Pandemos, and
Aphrodite Urania. Venus was regarded by some ancient
authors as a personification of the generative power of
nature. She does not appear to have been an original
deity of Rome, nor to have been worshipped by the
Romans while they were ruled by kings. Her worship
tvas probably of Oriental origin.

Veuusti, va-noos'tee, (MARCELLO,) an Italian painter,
>orn at Mantua, was a pupil of Perino del Vaga. He
was employed by Michael Angelo to copy a number of
lis works. Among these we may name his "Last Judg-
ment," (painted in oil,) in the Royal Museum at Naples.
Died about :$So.

Venuti, va-noo'tee, (FlLlPPO.) an Italian antiquary,
norn at Cortona in 1709, was a brother of the following.
Died at Rome in 1769.

Venuti, (NICCOL6 MARCELLO,) an Italian antiquary,
jorn at Cortona in 1700. He discovered the temple of
fupiter and the theatre of Herculaneum, and wrote a
' Description of the First Discoveries at Herculaneum,"
1749.) Died in 1755.

See COLTELLINI, "Elogium N. M. Venuti," 1755.

Venuti, (RiDOLFlNO,) an eminent antiquary, born at
Tortona in 1705, was a brother of the preceding. He
secame director of the Museum Albani at Rome. He
published a "Topographical Description of the Antiqui-
ies of Rome," (2 vols., 1 763,) and other works on Roman,
medals, inscriptions, etc., which are highly commended.
Died at Rome in 1763.

Vera, (Aucusro,) an Italian philosopher, born at
Amelia in 1817. He was educated at Paris, in which, as
n other French cities, he held professorships of philos-
ophy. Afterwards he returned to Italy, where he was
professor of philosophy in Milan, and later in Naples.
He was the leader of the Italian Hegelians, and wrote
much on philosophical subjects, chiefly in French and
Italian. He also translated several of Hegel's treatises.
Died in 1885.

Veranzio,va-rant'se-o, (ANTON,) a Dalmatian prelate
and diplomatist, born at Sebenico in 1504. His name
in Dalmatian was WRANCZY, (vRant'se.) He was em-
ployed in missions by Ferdinand I. of Austria. Died
in 1573.

Verard, vi'r JR', ( ANTOINE,) one of the earliest French
printers, founded in 1480 an establishment in Paris, where
he published " The Prophecies of Merlin," " The Chroni-
cles of France," and "The Sea of Histories."

Verbiest, vcr-beest', (FERDINAND,) a Flemish astron-
omer and missionary, born at Pitthem in 1623. He went
to China about 1658, and was employed as astronomer
by the emperor of that country. He wrote several works
on astronomy. Died at Peking in 1688.

See CABTON. "Notice sur le Pere Verbiest," 1839.

Verboeckhoven, ver-book'ho'ven, (EUGENE Jo-
SF.PH.) a Belgian painter of animals, born in West Flan-
ders in 1798. Among his master-pieces may be named
his "Horses Fighting with Wolves," and a " View in the
Campagna of Rome with a Herd of Cattle." Died Janu-
ary 19, 1881. His brother, CHARLES Louis, (1802-1889,)
acquired distinction as a marine painter.

Verci, veVchee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian
historian, born at Bassano in 1739. He wrote a " His-
tory of the March of Treviso," (20 vols., 1786-90,) and
other works. Died in 1795.

Ver-cin-get'o-rix, an able Gaulish commander and
chief of the Arverni. He was general-in-chief of the
tribes of Celtic Gaul which waged war against Julius
Cssar in 52 B.C. He defended Gergovia with success,
and compelled Caesar to raise the siege. The Gauls
having been defeated at Alesia, Vercingetorix, to spare
the effusion of blood, gave himself up to the victor. He
was taken to Rome, and put to death about 45 B.C.

See C.CSAR, " Commentaries," book vii. ; DION CASSIUS, " His-
tory of Rome ;" H. MARTIN, "Vercingetorix," 1864; " rJouvelle
Biographic Gene'rale."



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a. e, 5, 6, ii, ?, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; m?t; n8t; good; moonj



VERDI



2381



VERGIL



Verdi, vSVdee, (GIUSEPPE,) a celebrated Italian com-
poser, born in the duchy of Parma in 1814. Me studied
under Lavigna at La Scala, at Milan, and in 1842 brought
out his opera of " Nabucodonosor," which was very suc-
cessful. It was followed by " I Lombard!," " Ernani,"
" I due Foscari," " Gidvanna d'Arco," " Macbeth," " Ri-

foletto," " II Trovatore," " La Traviata," " Un Ballo in
laschera," " Aida," " Otello," (1887,) a comic
opera, " Falstaff," (1893,) etc. His works continue
very popular. He was made a marquis in 1893.

Verdi, (TULLIO S.,) M.D., (originally TULLIO de
Suzzara-Verdi,) a distinguished homceopathist, born
at Mantua,. Italy, February 10, 1829. He was trained
in the Mantua gymnasium, and was an officer of the
Austrian army, 1847-48, and of the Sardinian army,
1848-49. Expelled from Italy by the Austrians, he came
to the United States, became in 1852 professor of modern
languages in Brown University, graduated in 1856 at the
Hahnemann College in Philadelphia, and in 185^ re-
moved to Washington, D.C. His principal works are
"Maternity" (1870) and "Mothers and Daughters,"
(1877.) In 1879 he became a member of the National
Board of Health.

Verdier, vCR'de^i', (AYMAR.) a French architect,
born in 1819 at Tom's ; died February 20, iSSo.

Verdier, (CESAR,) a French anatomist, born near
Avignon in 1685. He lectured in Paris for many years,
and wrote on anatomy. Died in 1759.

Verdier, (HENRI,) Count de Lacoste, a French poli-
tician, born at Nimes in 1770, was outlawed as a Girond-
ist in 1793. He held several offices under the Directory
and the empire, and wrote a work entitled "Alfred le
Grand," (2 vols., 1817.) Died in 1821.

Verdier, (MARCEL,) a French historical painter, born
in Paris in 1817; died in 1856.
Verdier, du, (ANTOINE.) See DUVERDIER.
Verdugo, vJR-doo'go, (FRANCO,) a Spanish general,
who served in the Netherlands under Don John of
Austria and Alexander Farnese, and became Governor
of Friesland and Groningen. Died in 1595.

Vere, veer, (Sir FRANCIS,) an English general, born in
1554. lie served with great distinction against the Span-
iards in Holland in the principal campaigns from 1585 to
1602, his last achievement being the defence of Ostend
against Albert, Archduke of Austria. He died in 1608.
leaving, in manuscript, an account of his life, entitled
"The Commentaries of Sir Francis Vere," etc.

Vere, (HORACE,) brother of the preceding, was born
in Essex in 1565. lie distinguished himself in the wars
of Holland under Prince Maurice, and, after the death
of Sir Francis, was appointed general of the English
army in the Netherlands. In 1620 he was sent by James
I. to assist the Elector-Palatine Frederick V. in securing
Bohemia. He was made a peer by Charles I. in 1625,
with the title of Baron Vere of Tilbury. Died in 1635.
Vere, de, the name of an ancient and noble family of
England, descended from a Norman knight who had a
high command at the battle of Hastings. His son be-
came Earl of Oxford, and a minister of King Henry I.
The third earl was one of the barons who extorted the
Magna Charta from King John. JOHN DE VERE, seventh
Earl of Oxford, was a famous commander, and fought
at Cressy and Poitiers, (1356.) The thirteenth earl was
a leader of the Lancastrian party in the war of the
Roses, and commanded the van of the army of Henry
VII. at Bosworth, (1485.) EDWARD DE VERE, the seven-
teenth earl, was an eminent poet, (See separate article.]
The twentieth earl was AUHREY DE VERE, whom Mac-
aulay describes as " the noblest subject in England.'
lie "fought for Charles I. in the civil war, and after the
restoration became lord lieutenant of Essex. In l6S/
he was dismissed from office because he refused to aic
Tames II. in packing a Parliament. He was the last
earl of that family. (See, also, DE VERE.)
See MACAULAV, " History of England," vol. ii.
Vere, de, (EDWARD,) seventeenth Earl of Oxford, an
English poet and courtier, born about 1540, was one ol
the ornaments of the court of Queen Elizabeth. He
was lord high chamberlain in 1588, and had a commanc
in the fleet which opposed the Spanish Armada. Diec
in 1604.



Ve-rell-na, [Sw. pron. va-rii'le-Os,] (OLAUS,) an
eminent Swedish antiquary, whose original name was
3LAF Werl, (wdRl,) was born in the diocese of Lin
coping in 1618. He studied at Dorpat and Upsal, and
Became successively professor of Swedish antiquities al
Jpsal, (1662,) antiquary to King Charles XI., (1666.)
and chief librarian in the library of Upsal, (1679.) He
published several valuable works on Scandinavian his-
ory and antiquities. Died in 1682.

Verelst, va'rSlst, (SIMON,) a Flemish flower- and
'ruit-painter ; died in 1710.

VereBhagin, va-ra-sha-|een', (VASILI,) a Russian
>ainter, was born in the Novgorod government, October
26, 1842. He was a soldier in Turkestan in 1867, and
was wounded in the Russo-Turkish war. He travelled
extensively. Of his very numerous pictures, many are
last Indian scenes, and others are war-sketches.

Vergara, vgR-ga'ra, (JosE,) a Spanish painter, born
at Valencia in 1726 ; died in 1799.

Vergara, de, di vSR-ga'ri, (NICOLAS,) a Spanish
jainter and sculptor, born at Toledo about 1510; died
'n 1574.

Vergara, de, (NICOLAS,) a painter and sculptor, born
at Toledo about 1540, was a son of the preceding ; dir-A
'n 1606.

Vergelmer or Vergelmir. See NIDHOGG.
Vergennes, de, deh vS R T zhen', (sometimes Anglicized
as ver-jfnz',) (CHARLES Gravier gRa"ve-V,) COUNT,
a French statesman and diplomatist, born at Dijon in
1717. He was appointed minister to the electoral court
of Treves in 1750, and in 1755 was ambassador to Con-
stantinople. After his return he was sent, in 1771, on a
mission to Stockholm, where he assisted Gustavus III.
in his revolution against the nobles. He became min-
ister for foreign affairs under Louis XVI. in 1774, and
concluded a treaty of alliance, offensive and defensive,
with the United States, in February, 1 778, which involved
France in a war against England. This war was ended
}y the treaty of Paris, which he signed in September,
1783. He remained in office until his death, in 1787. He
lad a fair reputation for integrity as well as diplomatic
skill.

See MAYER, " Vie du Comte de Vergennes," 1 789 ; VicQ-D'Azv*,
'Eloge de M. le Comte de Verj-eniies," 1788; DROZ, " Hisloire da
Regne de Louis XVI ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Vergerio, v?R-ja're-o, (PiETRO PAOLO,) THE ELDER,
aa Italian reviver of learning, born at Capo d'Istria about
1349. He was professor of dialectics at Padua from 1393
to 1400. He published a work "On Noble Manners,"
(" De ingenuis Moribus,") and a Life of Petrarch. Died
about 1420.

See BAVLH, " Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" PAOLO GIOVIO,
" Elogia."

Vergerio, (PIETRO PAOLO,) THE YOUNGER, a relative
of the preceding, was born at Capo d'Istria about 1495.
He became papal nuncio to Germany in 1530, Bishop
of Capo d'Istria in 1536, and a convert to the Protestant
religion about 1544. He took refuge in the Grisons,
from which he removed in 1553 to Tubingen, where he
was employed as a minister. He wrote several works
against popery. Died in 1 565.

See CARU, "Vita di P. P. Verge :" BAYIE, "Historical and
Critical Dictionary ;" NiciRON, " Memoires ;" " Nouvelle Biograplue
Ge'ne'rale."

Vergera, dea. See NOEL DES VERGERS.

Vergers, des, d& veR'zhi', (MARIN NOEL,) a French
judge, born at Ervy in 1759. lie was elected to the
Chamber of Deputies in 1831. Died in 1836.

Vergier, veR'zhe-4', (JACQUES,) a French poet, born
at Lyons in 1655, wrote tales and songs which were once
admired He was killed by robbers at Paris in 1720.

Vergier de Hauranne. See Du VERGIER DE HAU-

"^Ver'gil Pol'jf-dore, [Lat. VIRGIL'IUS (or VEROIL'-
tus) POLYDO'RUS ; It. VERGILIO POLIDORO, veR-jee'le-o
no-le-do'ro 1 a celebrated writer and ecclesiastic, born
at Urbino, in Italy, about 1470. He was sent about
IS02 to England by Pope Alexander VI. to collect the
tax called " Peter's pence," and continued to resi<
that country for the greater part of his life. He was
successively created Archdeacon of Wells, and prel>



e as t; J as s; g hard; g asy; c, H. K.p<ftural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: tli as in this. <t&=See Explanations, p. 2.\.)



YERGILIO



2382



VERNE



Anglica," a history of England brought down to the end
of the reign of Henry VII,, and a treatise against divina-
tion, entitled "De Prodigiis." Died about 1550.

Vergilio Polidoro. See VERGIL POLYDORE.

Vergilius Polydorua. See VERGIL POLYDORE.

Vergne, La. See LA VERGNE and TRESSAN.

Vergniaud, veRn'ye-o', (PIERRE VICTURNIEN,) a
celebrated French orator and Girondist, was born at
Limoges, May 31, 1759. He was educated at the Col-
lege du Plessis at Paris, studied law under Dupaty, and
began to practise as an advocate at Bordeaux in 1781.
His habits were rather indolent, meditative, and non-
chalant. " His language," says Lamartine, " had the
images and harmony of the most beautiful verses." He
was~elected a member of the Legislative Assembly in
September, 1791. In July, 1792, he declaimed against
the conduct of the king, in a speech which made a pro-
found impression, and demanded that the Assembly
should declare that the country was in danger. He was
a member of the National Convention which met in
September, 1792. In the trial of the king he voted for
the appeal to the people, but after the defeat of that
measure he voted for his death, and, as president of the
Convention, pronounced the sentence, January, 1793.
He was one of the most moderate of the Girondists.
In April, 1793, he defended himself against Robespierre,
who had attacked him in a speech. He was one of the
twenty-two Girondists who were arrested by the order
of the Convention, June 2, 1793. According to Lamar-
tine, he was the most impassible of his companions in
prison, because he was the greatest. Arraigned before
the tribunal in October, he spoke thus in his defence:
" What ought to have been done to assure the triumph
of the republic? I have done it What is now requi-
site to confirm the republic by the example of its devoted
friends? To die? I will do that" He was executed
in October, 1793. He was of middle stature, and was
physically well developed. In repose, his face was not
very expressive, but m the act of speaking it became
illumined and transfigured with genius. "Such, "says
Lamartine, " was the man whom nature had given to
the Girondists for their chief. He did not condescend
to be '.hat ; too indifferent (insouciant) for a leader of a
party, too great for a secondary position. He was Ver-
gniaud. Rather glorious than useful to his friends, he
was not willing to lead them, but he immortalized them."

"In parliamentary eloquence," says Macaulay, "no
Frenchman of that time can be considered equal to
Vergniaud. In a foreign country, and after the lapse of
half a century, some parts of his speeches are still read
with mournful admiration. No man, we are inclined to
believe, ever rose so rapidly to such a height of ora
torical excellence. His whole public life lasted barely
two years." (Review of Barere's " Memo'rs," 1844.)

See LAMARTINE, "History of the Girondists;" GKNTY DB
IA HORDBRIB, " Eloge de Vergniaud," i8oq ; THIERS, " History of
the Revolution;" TOUCHARD-L-AFOSSE, "Histoire parlementaire et
Vie intime de Vergniaud," 1848: MADAMS ROLAND. "Me'moires:"
Bi'CHKZ et Roux, "Histoire parlementaire ;" MICHEI.KT, " His-
loire de la Revolution Fran^aise;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge^
rale. "

Verhaegen, ver-ha'gen or ver-ha'Hen, (PIERRE Tut
ODORE,) a Belgian politician, born in Brussels about
1800. He was for many years a member of the Cham-
ber of Deputies, which he entered in 1837, and acted
with the Liberal party. Died in 1862.

Verheyden, ver-hi'den, (FRANS PIETER,) a Dutch
painter and sculptor, born at the Hague in 1657 ; died
in 1711.

Verheyen, ver-hi'en, (PHILIPPE,) an eminent Flemish
anatomist, born in East Flanders in 1648. He studiec
medicine, etc. at Louvain, where he obtained a chair of
anatomy in 1689, and became highly distinguished as a
teacher. He wrote, in Latin, besides other professional
works, "The Anatomy of the Human Body," (1693, ]
which was highly esteemed. Died in 1710.

See V. J FRANCOIS, " filocede Verheyen," 1847 . V J.FRANCOIS.
"Notice sur la Vie de P Verrieyen," 1842 ; NIC^KON, " Me'moires.'

Verhuell, ver-hii'el, or Verhuel, (CAREL HENDRIK,!



Count de Sevenaar, a Dutch admiral, born in Gelder-
and in 1760, or, as some say, in 1764. As rear-admiral,
le fought against the English, near Flushing, in 1804.
rle received the chief command of the army destined to
operate against the coasts of England, (1805,) and was
raised to the rank of marshal by King Louis in 1806.
:Ie entered the French service in 1810, and was made a
>eer of France in 1819. Died in 1845.

Verjus, veVzhiis', (Louis,) Count de Crecy, a French
diplomatist, born in Paris in 1629. He was a member
of the French Academy, and was at the diet of Ratisbon
n 1679, and at Ryswick in 1697. Died in 1709.

Verkolie, (JAN,) a Dutch painter and engraver,
born at Amsterdam in 1650 ; died in 1693.

His son, NICHOLAS, born in 1673, was a painter
f history and nocturnal scenes. Died in 1746.

Verlaine, (PAUL,) a French poet of the "Decadent"
school, born at Metz in 1844. His poems were
jrilliant in style, but varied from devotion to baseness
n character. Depressed by misfortune, he became
an absinthe drinker and vagabond. Died in 1896.

Verlat, veVlS', (CHARLES,) a distinguished Belgian
painter ol animals, portraits, etc., born at Antwerp, 1824.
He obtained several high class medals. Died in 1890.

Vermandois, de, deh veR'md.N'dwi', (Louis da
Bourbon deh booRtxiN',) COUNT, bnrn in Paris in
1667, was a son of Louis XIV. and Madame de La
Valliere. He was legitimated, and appointed admiral
of France. Died in 1687.

Verme, del, del veR'ma, (JACOPO,) an able Italian
6 eneral or coniiottiere, commanded the armies of Gian
Saleazzp Visconti. He passed into the service of
Venice in 1404.

Vermeulen, ver-muhlen, (CoRNELis.) a Flemish
engraver and designer, born at Antwerp in 1644. Ha
engraved portraits with skill. Died in 1702.

Vermeulen, [Lat. MOLA'NUS,] (JAN,) a Flemish
writer on theology and antiquities, was born at Lille in
1533. He published, besides other works, one "On
Sacred Pictures and Images," (1570,) and " De Ca-
nonicis," (1587.) Died at Louvain in 1585-

Vermeyen, von, fon ver-mi'en, or Vermeyn, ver-
min', (JoHANN,) a Dutch historical painter, surnamed
HANS MIT DEM BARTE, (" Hans with the Beard,") was
born near Haarlem in 1500. He was a favourite of
Charles V., Emperor of Germany, whom he accora
panied on his expeditions. Among his master-pieces
are ten large cartoons at Vienna, representing the march
of the emperor to Tunis. Died in 1559-

Vermigli. See PETER MARTYR.

Vermoud, de, deh veR'moN', (MATTHIEU JACQUES.)
L'ABBK, a French ecclesiastic, was French teacher of
Marie Antoinette at Vienna before her marriage. After
she became Queen of France, he remained in her ser-
vice as reader, enjoyed her confidence, and exercised
great influence at court. He is censured for his political
intrigues. Died after 1789.

Vermuyden, ver-moi'den, (Sir CORNELIUS,) a Dutch
engineer, born in Zeeland. He removed to England
about 1622, was employed by Charles I., and rendered
valuable services by draining part of the Bedford Level.
Died about 1665.

Veriiage, veK'nizh', (MiCHEL Louis,) a French phy-
sician, born in Paris in 1697 ; died in 1773-

Vernazza, veR-nit'si, (GIUSEPPE,) Baron de Freney,
an Italian antiquary and writer, born at Alba, in Pied-
mont, in 1745. He resided at Turin, and held several
high offices. He wrote biographies, treatises on Italian
antiquities, etc. Died in 1822.

Verne, veRn, (JULES,) a French author, born at
Nantes, February 8, 1828, He studied law in Paris,
and produced some comedies and comic operas, including
"Les Pailles rompues," (1850,) and "Onze Jours de
Siege." His mock-scientific romances, however, have
given him his principal fame. Most of them have been
translated into English, among them " Five Weeks in a
Balloon," (1870,) "Journey to the Centre of the Earth,"
(1872,) "Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea,"
(1873,) "Round the World in Eighty Days," (1874,)
"The Green Ray," (1882,) and many others.



, e, f, 6, ii, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, ii, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obicitre; fir, fill, fat; met; not; cood; 11160111


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 370 of 425)