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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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the Irish Church, (1868-74,) the passage of the Irish
Land Acts, the Ballot Act, the Elementary Education
Act, and the abolition of purchase in the army, the
ministry of Beaconsfield, (1874-80,) during which the
queen was proclaimed Empress of India, (January I,
1877,) and the Home Rule movement in Ireland, during
the premiership of Mr. Gladstone. In the more recent
years of her reign occurred several minor foreign wars,
as m 4=lnntee, Afghanistan, Zululand, the Transvaal,
and Egypt, and the important war of 1900-01 with the
Boer republics of South Africa. The disasters of this
war and the considerable loss of life among the British
troops affected the queen seriously, and her health be-
gan to fail. Her weakness increased rapidly in the
early days of 1901, paralysis supervened, and she died
on the 22d of January, 1901, after the longest reign
ever enjoyed by a British sovereign. She was suc-
ceeded by her son, the Prince of Wales, as Edward VII.

Queen Victoria was the mother of nine children, the
Prince of Wales, the Dukes of Edinburgh, Connaught,



a, e.1, o, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged: a. e, i. 6. u, J. short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m?t; not; good; moon




QUEEN VICTORIA.



VICTORINUS



2389



VIEN



and Albany, the Princess- Royal of Prussia, the late
Princess of Hesse, the Princess of Schleswig-Holstein,
the Marchioness of Lome, and the Princess Beatrice.

Victorious, (CAius or FADIUS MARIUS,) an African
grammarian and theologian, taught rhetoric al Rome,
was converted to Christianity, and wrote several works
On grammar and theology. Died about 380 A.D.

Victortnus, IFr. VICTORIN, vek'to'ras',1 (MARCUS
PlAUVONIUS,) a Roman general, called one of the Thirty
Tyrants. He assumed the title of emperor in Gaul in
267 A.D., and was assassinated by one of his officers
in 268.

Victoriua. See VETTORI.

Vida, vee'da, (MARCO GIROLAMO or MARCUS HIERO-
NYMUS,) one of the most eminent Latin poets of modern
times, was born at Cremona, in Italy, about 1485. He
studied the classics and theology at Mantua, Padua, and
Bologna, and afterwards visited Rome, where he was
patronized by Leo X., who made him prior of San Sil-
vestro, at Frascati. Under Clement VII. he became
apostolic prothonotary and Bishop of Alba, (1532.) He
was the author of "Christias," (1535,) a poem on the
life of Christ and written in the style of Virgil, "De
Arte Poetica," a didactic treatise, (in verse,) and " Game
of Chess," ("Scacchias Ludus,") which has been trans-
lated into English by Goldsmith, and into German by
Hoffmann. He also wrote several Latin orations, and the
dialogues entitled " De Dignitate Reipublicce," (1556.)
Died in 1566.*

See TADISI, "Vita di Vida," 1788: LANCETTI, "Delia Vita e
degli Scritti di Vida," 1840; TIRABOSCHI, "Storia della Letteratura
Indiana;" F. MANSUETI, "Orazione in Lodedi M. G Vida." 18^6;
NICB'RON, " Me'moires ;" UGKELU. " Italia Sacra :" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Generale ;" " Fraser's Magazine" for August, 1835.

Vidal, ve'dSl', (FRANCOIS,) a French writer on social-
ism and political economy, born in the department
of Gironde in 1814, published a treatise "On the Divis-
ion of Wealth, or Distributive Justice in Social Econ-
omy," (1846,) and other works. He was elected a member
of the Legislative Assembly by the voters of Paris in
1850. Died at Bordeaux in 1872.

Vidal, ve-dal', (JAGO,) a Spanish painter, born at
Valmaseda in 1602, worked at Seville. Died in 1648.

Vidal, (PIERRE,) a French troubadour, born about
1175, accompanied Richard Cceurde Lion in the crusade
to the Holy Land, and died abuut 1215. He bad splendid
talents, but wasted them in a life of most extravagant
and mad excess.

Vidal de Cassis, ve'dSl' deh kS'sess', (AucusTE
THEODORE,) a French physician, born at Cassis in 1803.
He became surgeon of the hospital du Midi, and acquired
a high reputation by his "Treatise on External Pathol-
ogy and Operative Medicine," ("Traite" de Pathologic
externe et de Me"decine operatoire," 5 vols., 1838-44.)
Died in 1856.

Vidar, vee'dar, or VitSarr, vee'thar, [etymology ex-
tremely doubtful ; Keyser supposes it may be changed
from vinnar, the "conqueror," (from viniia, to "over-
come,")] in the Norse mythology, the god of silence,
the son of Odin and the Jotun woman Grida. Next to
Thor he is the strongest of all the /Esir. Among his
possessions is an iron shoe of prodigious strength and
size, which at Ragnarock he will place on the nether
jaw of Fenrir ; then with his hand he will seize the upper
jaw and tear him asunder. He, as well as Vali, will
survive the destruction of the world. Vidar is supposed



Vida's fame appears to have been much higher a century or two
ago (when the language in which he wrote was far more gen:ra!ly
cultivated) than it is at present. Pope speaks of him as the crown-
ing glory of Leo's reign :

" But see 1 each muse, in Leo's golden days.

Starts from her trance, and trims her wuher'd bays ,

Rome's ancient genius o'er its ruins spread

Shakes otf the dust, and rears his reverend head.

Then Sculpture and her sister arts revive ;

Stones leap'd to form and rucks began to live;

With sweeter notes each rising temple rung ;

A Raphael painted, and a Vida sung.

Immortal Vidal on whose honoured brow

The poet's bays and critic's ivy grow :

Cremona now shall ever boast thy name,

Aa next in place to Mantua, next in fame I"

See " Essay on Criticism," Part III



to be a type of the imperishability of the powers of
nature.

See THORPB, " Northern Mythology." vol. i. : KEYSHR, " Religion
of the Northmen;" PETERSEN, " Noidisk Myihologi"

Vidaurri, ve-d6wr'ree, (SANTIAGO,) a Mexican sol-
dier and politician, born about iSto. He aided to drive
Santa Anna from power in 1855, and proclaimed himself
Governor of Coahuila and New Leon in February, 1856.
He was one of the chief ministers of Maximilian during
the empire, and was shot as a traitor in 1867.

Vidl-ua, [It. GUIDO, gwee'do.l (Gumi,) an Italian
physician, born at Florence about 1500. lie became a
professor in the College Royal of Paris in 1542, and
removed to Pisa about 1547. He wrote several pro-
fessional works. Died at Pisa in 1569.

Vidocq, ve'dok', (EUGENE FRANCOIS,) a French
adventurer and famous chief of the detective police, was
born in 1775. He was successively a thief, soldier,
deserter, and gambler before he entered the public
service, and was often imprisoned for his offences.
About 1810 he enlisted in the police at Paris. His
success as a detective has scarcely been paralleled in
history. Died in 1850.

See his interesting " Autobiographic Memoirs," ar.d the " Foreign
Quarterly Review" for January, 1839.

Vieilh de Boisjolin. See BOISJOLIN, DE.

Vieille, ve'SI' or ve-|'ye, (JULES,) a French mathe-
matician, entered the Normal School about 1 8 v>. He
published a "General Theory of Numerical Approxi-
mations," (zd edition, 1854,) and other works.

Vieilleville, de, deh ve'M'vel' or ve'4'ye-vel', (FRAX-
COI5 de Sc^panx deh si'po',) SIRE, Count de Dure-
tal, a French general, born in 1510. He was employed
in foreign missions by Henry II. and Charles IX., and
was a moderate opponent of the Huguenots in the civil
wars. In 1562 he became marshal of France. Died in
1571.

Vieira or Vieyra, ve-aVra, (ANTONIO,) an emi-
nent Portuguese missionary^Tnd writer, born at Lisbon
in 1608. He performed diplomatic missions to Paris,
(1646.) to London, and to Rome, (1650.) He afterwards
preached to the Indians in Brazil, and advocated the
cause of the slaves in that country. He published Ser-
mons, (16 vols., 1683-1754,)." History of the Future,"
(" Historia do Futuro," 1718,) and "Letters," ("Cartas,"
3 vols., 1735-46.) Died at Bahia in 1697.

See F. DB FONSBCA, " Vida de Vieira," 1734; A. DB BARROS.
"Vida do P. A. Vieira," 1746; NICSRON, "Me'moires;" "Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

VieL See VEIL,

Viel, ve'41', (CHARLES FRANCOIS,) a French architect,
born in Paris in 1745. lie designed several hospitals in
Paris, and wrote lx>oks on architecture. Died in 1819.

Viel, (JEAN MARIE VICTOR.) a French architect, born
in Paris in 1796. He was the architect of the Palais de
1'Industrie, built for the Universal Exposition of 1855.
Died in Paris, March 6, 1863.

Viel-Castel, de, d?h ve'cT kas'te 1 ]', (CHARLES Louis
GASPARD GABRIEL de Salviac,) BARON, a French his-
torian, brother of Horace, noticed below, was born in
Paris, October 14, 1800. His early life was spent in the
public service. His principal works are " Histoire de la
Restauration," (20 vols., 1860-78,) and "Essai sur les
deux Pitt,"-(i846.) Died in 1^87.

Viel-Castel, de, deh ve'SI' kis't!!', (HORACE,)
COMTE, a French littlraifur, born about 1 797. He pub-
lished several tales and poems. Died October I, 1864.

Viele, vee'la, (EGBERT L.,) an American engineerand
general, born in Saratoga county. New York, about
1825, graduated at West Point in 1847. He was ap-
pointed engineer-in-chief of the Central Park, New York,
about 1856. He served as a brigadier-general in 1861
and 1862, and resigned in October, 1863.

Vien, ve'iN', JOSEPH MARIE,) an eminent French
historical painter, <born at Montpellier in 1716. He
studied under Natoire in Paris, and in 1743 obtained the
grand prize of the Academy of Arts by his picture of
"The Plague of the Israelites in the Time of David." 1
He afterwards spent several years at Rome, where he
executed a number of admirable works. He was elected
to the Academy of Arts in 1754, appointed director of



eas-S; {as/; gAard; gas/; G,Vi,f^g!tural; N, nasal; R, trilled; asr; th as in ///;/. (jT"See Explanations, p. 2j.>



VIEN



2390



V1GNIER



tfie French Academy at Rome in 1775, and principal
painter to Louis XVI. in 1789. Under Napoleon he
became successively a senator, count of the empire, and
commander of the legion of honour. Among his mas-



41 Julius Caesar contemplating the Statue of Alexander
at Cadiz," and the "Virgin attended by Angels.' 1 He
excelled as a teacher of art, and was the master of David
and other famous painters. Died in 1809.

See J. LERRETON, " Notice historique sur la Vie de I. M. Vlen,"
1809: CHARLES BLANC, " Hjstoire des Peimres ;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Generale."

Vien, (JOSEPH MARIE,) THE YOUNGER, a portrait-
painter, born in Paris in 1761, was a son of the pre-
ceding. He died in 1809.

Vien, (MARIE REBOUL,) a French painter of flowers,
birds, and still life, born in Paris in 1728, was the wife
of T"seph Marie the Elder, noticed above. Died in 1805.

Vienne, de, deh ve'eV, (JEAN,) an eminent French
warrior, born about 1342. He defended Calais against
Edward III. in a long and memorable siege, (1347.) He
afterwards became Admiral of France, and displayed
courage and skill in war against the English. He was
killed at the battle of Nicopolis, where he fought against
the Turks, in 1396.

Viennet, ve'4'n.V, UEAN PONS (p6.N) GUILLAUME,)
a French litterateur and politician, born at Be"ziers in
T777. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies
from the department of Ilerault in 1827, voted with the
gauche or liberal party, and was active in promoting
the revolution of 1830. lie was made a peer by Louis
Philippe in 1839. He published a number of poems,
dramas, fables, and satires, in prose and verse ; also an
" Epistle to the Muses on the Romanticists," an attack
on the romantic school in literature. He had been
elected to the French Academy in 1830 or 1831. After
1848 he took no part in politics. Died in July, 1868.

See E. DB MIRBCOURT, " Viennel," 1856; "Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Generale."

Viera y Clavijo, de, da ve-a'rS e kll-vee'Ho, (JosE,)
a Spanish historian, born in the Canaries about 1738.
lie published a "History of the Canary Islands," (4
vols.,' 1772-83,) and other works. Died in 1799.

Vieta, ve-a'ta, (FRANCIS,) [in French, FRANC.OIS
VIETE, ve'At', or VIETTE, ve'eY, or VIET, ve'&',] a cele-
brated French mathematician, born at Fontenay, Poitou,
in 1540, was educated in the Protestant religion. He
obtained the office of master of requests about 1580, and
passed the most of his mature life in the public service.
He was a friend of De Thou. During the war between
Henry IV. and the Spaniards, Vieta rendered an impor-
tant service to the former by explaining intercepted
despatches of the enemy, which were written in a cipher
of five hundred characters. He published several works
on mathematics, etc., and greatly contributed to the per-
fection of algebra. He rendered algebra a purely sym-
bolical science ; and he is said to have been the first who
represented the known quantities by symbols. He also
made improvements or discoveries in trigonometry.
Died in Paris in 1603. His works were published by
F. van Schooten in 1646.

See DE THOU, " Historia sui Temporis:" MONTUCLA, " Hisroire
des Mflihemaiiques;" HAAG. " La France protestanle :" "Nouvelle
Uiograyhie Generale."

Viete. See VIETA.

Vieussens, de, deh ve-uh'sos', (RAIMOND,) a French
anatomist, born in Rouergue in 1641. He practised
medicine at MoMpellier, and published, besides other
works, "Neurologia Universalis," (1685,) a treatise on
the nerves and brain. Died in 1715.

Vieusseux, ve-uh'suh', (JEAN PIERRE,) a learned
bookseller, of a Genevese family, was born at Oneglia, in
Italy, in 1779. He settled at Florence, where he pub-
lished a celebrated critical journal, entitled "Antologia
Italiana." (1821-32.) and other periodicals. Died in 1863

Vieuville, de la, deh la ve-uh'vel', (CHARLES,
MARQUIS, a French financier, borrTm Paris about 1582.
lie became minister of finance in 1623, and was removec
in 1624. Died in 1653.



VIeuztemps, ve-yh'tftN', (HENRI, \ a Belgian nmsi-
cian, born at Verviers about 1820, attained a very high
reputation as a violinist. Died June 5, iSSl.

Vieweg, fee'wac, (HANS FRIEDRICH,) a German
)0okseller and publisher, born at Halle in 1761, founded
n 1 786 an establishment at Berlin, from which he issued
superior editions of the German classics. He numbered
among his friends Herder, Goethe, and Wieland. Died
n 1835.

Vieyra. See VIEIRA.

Vigand. See WIGAND.

Vigee, ve'zha', (Louis JEAN BAPTISTE ErtENNE,) a
nediocre French litterateur, born in Paris in 1758, was a
irother of the artiste Madame Le Brun. He wrote
umerous poems and dramas. Died in 1820.

Vigee, MADAME. See LE BRUN.

Viger, ve'zha', [Lat VIGE'RIUS.] (FRANCOIS,) a French
Jesuit, born at Rouen. He published an able work
Oh the Principal Idioms of the Greek Language,"
J" De Idiotismis prsecipuis Linguae Graces," 1632.)
'It contains many valuable criticisms," says Hallam.
'" Introduction to the Literature of Europe.") Died
in 1647.

Viger van Zuicbm. See AYTA.

Vigerie, de la. See ALLEMAKD-LAVIGERIE.

Vigerius. See VIGER.

Vigfusson, vig'fus-sQn, (GUDBRAND,) an Icelandic
scholar, born near the Broad Fjord, in the West of
Iceland, about 1827. He was educated at Reykiavik and
Copenhagen, and published many ancient Icelandic
books from the manuscripts. His " Prolegomena to
the Sturlunga Saga" (1878) is a work of high value, and
his great "Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1869-75) is a
monumental work of high rank. Died Jan. 31, 1889.

Vigilance. See VIGILANTIUS.

Vigilantius, vij-e-lan'she^us, [Fr. VIGILANCE, ve'-
zhe'lo.vss',] a liberal Christian writer of Spain or Gaul,
flourished about 400 A.D. He opposed the worship of
relics, the celibacy of priests, and several ascetic prac-
tices of the Catholics. Saint Jerome wrote a book against
his doctrines.

Vigilantius, vij-e-lan'she-us, [Fr. VIGILANCE, ve'zhe'-
UNSS',] ( PUBLIUS,) a scholar~and poet, was born at Stras-
burg. He became professor of poetry at Frankfort-
on-the-Oder, where he also taught Greek. He visited
Italy and other countries in search of ancient manu-
scripts, and on his return was murdered in Suabia in
1512.

Vl-gin-us, [Fr. VIGILE, ve'zhel',] an orthodox African
bishop of Thapsus, was deprived of his see in 484 A.D.
by Huneric, the Vandal king. He afterwards lived in
Europe, and wrote several works which he endeavoured
to make pass for the productions of Athanasius, Augus-
tine, and other eminent Fathers.

Vigilius, |Fr. VIGILE,] a native of Rome, became
pope in 537 A.D., in opposition to Sylverius, whom Beli-
sarius had banished. He died in 554 A.D., and was
succeeded by Pelagius I.
Vigiu, da. See LUNGHI, (SILLA.)
Viglius. See AYTA.

Vigne, de, deh ven, (FBLtx,) a Belgian painter, born
in Ghent in 1806; died December 7, 1862.

Vigne, de, (PIERRE,) a Belgian sculptor, a brother of
the preceding, was born at Ghent in 1812. He studied
in Rome, (1837-41.)

Vigne.de la, deh liven, (ANDRE.) a French historian
and mediocre poet, born about 1450. He wrote an ac-
count of the expedition of Charles VIII. to Naples, in
a work called " Le Vergier d'Honneur." Died about
1527.

Vigne, delle, (PIETRO.) See VINEIS.
Vigne, La. See LA VIGNE.

Vignenere.de, deh ven'yeh-naiR', (BLAISE,) a French
writer and translator, born in Bourbonnais in 1523* be-
came private secretary to Henry 111. His works have
fallen into oblivion which is said to be merited. Died
in 1596.

Vigneron. See VENERONI.
Vigneul-Marville. See ARGONNE, D'.
Vignier, ven'ye-i', (JEROME,) a French numismatisl
and scholar, was tJorn at Blois in 1606; died in 1661.



a. e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 5, ii, y, short; a, ?, j, 9, obscure; far, fall, fit; m?t; n6t; good; moon;



VIGNIER



2391



VILLA AY



Vignier, (NICOLAS,) a French historian and physician,
born at Bar-sur-Seine in 1530. He published, besides
other works, "Historical Library," ("La Bibliotheque
historiale," 3 vols., 1588.) Died in 1596.

His son NICOLAS, born about 1575, was a Protestant
minister, and wrote against popery. Died at Blois about
1645.

Vignola, da, dl vtn'yo-la, (Fr. VIGNOLE, ven'yol',]
(GiACOMO Barozzio, ba-rot'se-o, or Baroccio,) an
eminent Italian architect, born at Vignola in 1507. After
having studied at Rome, he visited France in company
with Primaticcio, and was employed after his return in
various public works at Bologna, Piacenza, and other
towns. He was subsequently patronized by Pope Julius
II., who made him his architect and employed him to
construct the Villa Giulia. The palace at Caprarola,
rear Rome, built for the cardinal Alexander Farnese.
is regarded as his master-piece. In 1564 Vignola suc-
ceeded Michael Angelo as architect of Saint Peter's.
He was the author of a treatise on the five orders of
architecture, entitled " Regole delle cinque Ordini
d'Architettura," (1563,) which is esteemed a standard
work, and "Rules of Practical Perspective," (1583.)
Died in 1573.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters," etc. : MILIZIA, "ViledeRli
Arcliiletti ;" QUATREMBRE DB QUINCV, " Hisloire des plus cdlebres
Arctnlectes-"

Vignole. See VIGNOLA.
Vignoles. See LAHIRE, (ETIENNE.)
Vignoles, des, d4 ven'yol', (ALPHONSE.) a French
Protestant divine, born in Languedoc in 1649, became
minister of the church at Copenick, near Berlin, about
1702. His most important work is a "Chronology of
Sacred History, and other Histories, from the Departure
out of Egypt to the Captivity of Babylon," (in French,
1738.) He was one of the first members of the Royal
Society of Berlin. Died in 1744.

Vignoli, ven'yo-lee, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian antiquary
and numismatist, born in Tuscany about i6Sp. He
became librarian of the Vatican in 1720. Died in 1753.

Vignolle, de, deh ven'yol', (MARTIN,) a French gen-
eral, born in Languedoc in 1763. He became a general
of division in 1803, and chief of the staff of the army of
Italv in 1809. Died in 1824.

Vignon, (CLAUDE.) See ROUVIER.

Vigny, de, deh ven'ye', (ALFRED VICTOR,) COMTE,
a French writer of high reputation, was born at Loches,
in the department of Indre-et-Loire, in March, 1799.
tie published in 1828 his "Ancient and Modern Poems,"
(" Poemes antiques et modernes,") a collection of pieces
which had previously appeared in Parisian periodicals,
llis other principal works are a historical romance en-
tilled " Cinq-Mars, or a Conspiracy under Louis XIII.,"
(1826,) which was received with great favour and has
been translated into several languages, " Stella, or the
Blue Devils," a prose narrative, and the tragedy of
"Chatterton," (1835,) which met with brilliant success.
lie was admitted into the French Academy in 1845.
In early life he married a rich English lady, Lydia Bun-
bury. Died in 1863.

See G. PLANCHE, " Portraits litteraires;" L. DE LOMENIE, "M.
A. de Vigny, par un Homme de Rien," 1841: SAINTE-BEUVE,
"Portraits contemporains :" "Nouvelle Biographic Generate. "

Vigo, di, dee vee'go, (GIOVANNI,) an eminent Italian
surgeon, born at Genoa, lived about 1510, practised at
Rome, and wrote on surgery.

Vigor, ve'goR', (SIMON,) a French prelate, born at
Evreux about 1515. He was court preacher to Charles
IX., and Archbishop of Narbonne. Died in 1575.

Vig'prs, (NICHOLAS AYL'WARD,) a naturalist, born
in the county of Carlow, Ireland, in 1787, was the first
secretary of the Zoological Society, to the "Transac-
tions" of which he contributed a number of treatises.
Died in 1840.

Viguier, ve'ge-a', (ADRIEN,) a French novelist and
dramatist, born iTTParis in 1793.

Viguier, (PIERRE FRANCOIS,) a French Orientalist,
born at Besan$on in 1745 ; died in Paris in 1821.

Viguier, de, deh ve'ge_-i', (PAULE,) a French lady,
celebrated for her beauty~^i>d virtue, was born at Tou-
louse in 1518. She was married to the Baron de Fonte-
nille. Died in 1610.



Vlkramadltya (vlk-ra-ma'dlt-ya) L, a celebrated
Hindoo sovereign, who, about the year 56 u.C., as is
supposed, defeated the Tartar hordes who had taken
possession of Northern llindostan and drove them
beyond the Indus. There is good ground to believe
that the reign of this prince was equal in splendour to
that of any other monarch that ever lived. His dominion
extended over the whole of Northern Hindustan. The
capital of his vast empire was Ujjayini, (now Oojein.)
lie was a liberal patron of literature and science. Nine
illustrious men of genius, called in Oriental phrase the
"nine gems," adorned his court and were supported by
his bounty. Among these, according to a somewhat
doubtful tradition, was the immortal Kalidasa, who has
been styled " the Shakspeare of India." (See KALIDASA.)
The reign of Vikramaditya is commonly considered to
mark an important era in the history of India ; but there
is much uncertainty as to the actual time in which he
lived. It is certain, however, that there were seveia)
Hindoo monarchs who bore the name or title of Vikra-
maditya, which signifies "sun of strength."

Vilain (ve'liN'J Xim, (CHARLES GHISLAIN GUIL-
LAUME,) VICOMTE, a Belgian politician, born at Brus-
sels in 1803. He was minister of foreign affairs from
March, 1855, to 1857, having previously been ambassador
to different courts of Italy. Died November 16, 1878.

VUain Xlin, (JEAN JACQUES PHILIPPE,) Vi-
COMTE, a Belgian financier, born at Alost in 1712. He
originated the penitentiary system of Belgium. Died
in 1777.

Vi'las, (WILLIAM F.,) an American statesman,
born at Chelsea, Vermont, in 1840. He became a
colonel in the civil war, and afterwards a lawyer in
Wisconsin. He was chairman of the National Demo-
cratic Convention of 1884, postmaster-general of the
United States 1885-89, secretary of the interior Janu-
ary to March, 1889, and United States Senator 1891-

97-

Vilate, ve'lit', (JOACHIM,) a French Jacobin, born in
1768, was imprisoned in 1794, and executed in 1795.

Vili, vil'e, {i.e. " will,"] in the Norse mythology, a
brother of Odin, whom he assisted in the creation of the
world. By some he is identified with HOENIR, (which
see.)

Villalobos, de, da vel-ya-lo'B6s, (FRANCISCO,) a
Spanish physician and poet, born at Toledo about 1480.
He wrote a medical treatise in verse, called ".Summary
of Medicine," (" Sumario de la Medicina," 1498.) and
other works. He was employed a= physician to Charles
V. while that monarch resided in Spain. It is stated
that he retired from court a poor man about 1540. Died
about 1560.

Villalpandi, vel-ytl-pin'dee, or Villalpando, vel-
yll-pdr'do, or, more fully, de Torreblanca (di toR-ri-
blan'ka) y Villalpandi, (FRANCISCO,) a Spanish jurist,
bom at Cordova; died about 1645.

Villalpandi, (JUAN KAUTISTA,) a Spanish Jesuit and
mathematician, an uncle of the preceding, was born at
Cordova in 1552. He wrote a commentary on EzekieL
Died in 1608.

Villamediana, de, da vel-ya-ma-De-i'na, COUNT, a
Spanish courtier and poet, distinguished for his ac-
complishments and wit. He was assassinated in the
street of Madrid in 1621 by an unknown hand. His
death was ascribed by some to the jealousy of the king.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 373 of 425)