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by which he exposed himself to the persecution of the
Jacobins, and was obliged to take refuge in Germany.
He there made the acquaintance of lleeren, Jacobi, and
other eminent writers, and became thoroughly versed
in German literature, which he greatly contributed to
render popular in France. He was appointed in 1811
professor of philosophy at Gottingen. He was the
author of an " Essay on the Spirit and Influence of
Luther's Reformation," which was crowned by the
French Institute and was translated into English, Ger-
man, Dutch, and Swedish, " Report on the State of
Ancient Literature and History in Germany," and
" Philosophy of Kant," etc. He also translated a num-
ber of standard German works into French. Died in 1815.

See MICHEL BBRR, "Notice sur M. C. Villers," 1815: EMILB
A. BEGIN, "Villers, Madame de Rodde et Madame de Slael," 18401

Villeterque, de, deh vel'tliRk', (ALEXANDRE Louis.)



S, e, i, o, u, v, long; a, 4', 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, ii, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;



riLLETTE



2 395



VINCENT



a French writer, born at Ligny in 1759. He was an
editor of the "Journal de Paris," and published "Dra-
matic Essays," (1793,) and " Essayson Morals and Physi-
cal Science," (2 vols., 1795.) Died in 1811.

Villette, de, deh ve'let', (CHAKLES,) MARQUIS, a
French writer, born in Paris in 1736, was a friend of
Voltaire. He wrote verses, eloges, etc. In 1792 he
became a member of the Convention. Died in 1793.

Villiaume, ve'le-6'mi', (NICOLAS,) a French historian,
advocate, and political economist, born at Pont-a-Mous-
Son in 1814. He published, besides other works, a " His-
tory of the French Revolution," (1850,) and a "Treatise
on Political Economy," (1857.) Died in 1877.

VUliers. See BUCKINGHAM, DUKE OF.

Villiers. See CLARENDON.

VUliers, vil'yerz, (CHARLES PELHAM,) an English
politician, a brother of Lord Clarendon, was born in
London in 1802. He became a Liberal member of
Parliament in 1835, and made annually a motion to re-
duce or repeal the duty on grain. He was appointed
judge-advocate-general in 1853, and president of the
poor-law board in 1859 ; resigned in 1866.

Villiers, (HENRY MONTAGUE,) a brother of the pre-
ceding, was born in 1813. He became Bishop of Durham
in 1856. Died in 1861.

Villiers, de, deh ve'ye-i', (JEAN,) a French general,
born about 1384. He was'an enemy of the Armagnac
faction, and fought for the English against the King of
France. Died in 1437.

Villiers, de, (PIERRE,) a French writer and preacher,
born at Cognac in 1648. He published a poem on the

Art of Preaching," (" L'Art de precher," 1682,) often
reprinted, and several religious and moral eseays. Died
in Paris in 1728.

Villiers de L'Isle Adam, de, deh ve'ye-4' deh 16:
t'di.N', (PHILIPPE,) a French commander, bom at Beau-
vais in 1464. He was elected grand master of the order
of Saint John at- Rhodes in 15?!. The Turks having
taken Rhodes in 1522, he removed the order to Malta
in 1530. Died in 1534.

Villoisou, de, deh ve'hva'z6N', (JEAN BAPTISTF GAS
PARD d'Ausse ddNss,) an eminent French Hellenist,
born at Corbeil-sur-Seine about 1750. lie studied at
the College of Bea'uvais, and at the age of fifteen had
read the greater part of the Greek classics. He pub-
lished in 1773 the first edition of Apollonius's "Lexicon
of the Iliad and Odyssey," with valuable scholia, from
a manuscript at Saint-Germain. He was soon after
elected to the Academy of Inscriptions, although by the
rules of the society too young to receive that honour.
Having been sent by the government in 1778 to examine
the Library of Saint Mark, Venice, he discovered nu-
merous fragments of Greek works hitherto unpublished,
which appeared in 1781 under the title of "Anecdota
Graeca," etc. He also brought to light a manuscript
" Iliad" of the tenth century, with ancient scholia, (since
called "Scholia Veneta,") published, with learned pro-
legomena, in 1788. This was considered an important
discovery. Among his other works we may name his
"Epistolas Vimarienses," (1783,) being the result of his
lesearches in the Library of Weimar, and an edition of
the "Pastoralia" of Longus. He travelled in Greece
about three years, (1785-88.) He died in April, 1805,
just after he was appointed professor of Greek in the
College de France.

See BON JOSEPH DACIER. " filoge de J R. d'Ansse de Villoison,"
1806 : article " Dansse" in the " Nouvelle Biographic Gen^rale."

Villon, ve'yiN', (FRANCOIS,) an early French poet,
whose original name was CORBUEIL, (koR'bui' or koR x -
buh'ye,) born in Paris in 1431. He was author of a
humorous poem called "The Great Testament," (" Le
grand Testament,") and is reckoned one of the national
poets. Died about 1485.

See PROFILET, " De la Vje el des Ouvraees de Villon," 1856;
CAMPAUX, "Villon, sa Vie et ses CEuvres,' 1859.

Villotte, ve'yot', (JACQUES,) a French Jesuit and
missionary, born at Bar-Ie-Duc in 1656. He was em-
ployed in Armenia and at Ispahan. lie published
"Travels in Turkey, Persia, Armenia," etc., (1730.)
Died in 1743.

Vilmar, fil'maR, (AUGUST FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN,)



a German politician and writer, born at Solz, in Hesse,
in 1800. He became intendant-general of the affairs of
the Church at Cassel in 1851. He wrote "Lectures on
the History of the National Literature of Germany,"
(184;,) and other works. Died at Marburg, July 30, 1868.

Vimont, ve'm6.N', (JOSEPH,) a French physician, born
at Caen in 1795. He published a "Treatise on Human
and Comparative Phrenology," (1833-36.) Died in 1857.

Vinateya, one of the names of GARUDA, (whicb
see.)

Vince, (SAMUEL,) F.R.S.. an English mathematician
, and astronomer, born in Suffolk. He became professor
of astronomy and experimental philosophy in the Uni-
versity of Cambridge in 1796, and contributed several
treatises to the " Philosophical Transactions." Among



his works is a "Complete System of Astronomy," (3
vols., 1797-1808.) He was also Archdeacon of Bedford.
Died in 1821.



Vincent, vaN'soN', (ALEXANDRE JOSEPH Hidulpho
i /je'diilf',) a French mathematician, born at Hesclin in
i 1797, published a "Course of Elementary Geometry,"
j " Treatise on the Solving of Numerical Equations," and
other works on various subjects. He became in 1831
! professor of mathematics in the College of Louis le
Grand. Died at Paris, November 26, 1868.

Vincent, (FRANC.OIS ANDRE,) an able French his-
torical painter, born in Paris in 1747, was a pupil of Vien.
He gained the grand prize of Rome in 1768, and became
a member of the Royal Academy in 1782. A picture
of " President Mole seized by Factious Persons" is called
his master-piece. Died in 1816.

Vincent, (FRANK,) an American author, born at
Brooklyn, New York, in 1848. He became an inde-
fatigable traveller, and gathered a large collection of
Indo-Chinese art objects, which he presented to the
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. He de-
scribed his travels in a number of works, also edited
" The Plant World," " The Animal World," etc.

Vincent, (JOHN H.,) D.D., a Methodist clergyman,
especially distinguished from his connection with the
Chautauqua educational enterprise, was born in Tusca-
loosa, Alabama, in 1832. In 1868 he became editor of
the "Sunday-School Journal" of New York, which
under his management attained a circulation of more
than 100,000. In 1874 he established the "Chautauqua
Assembly," and in 1878 the "Chautauqua Literary and
Scientific Circle." He was made a bishop in 1888.
1 He is the author of numerous works.

Vincent, (THOMAS,) an English nonconformist divine,
who was conspicuous for his humanity to the sufferers
from the plague in London in 1665. He published,
among other works, "God's Terrible Voice in the Citv
by Plague and Fire." Died in 1671.

Vincent, (WILLIAM,) D.D., an English scholar and
divine, born in London in 1739. He studied at Trinity
College, Cambridge, was appointed head-master of
Westminster School in 1788, and, after several other pre-
ferments in the Church, became Dean of Westminster in
1802. He published "The History of the Commerce
and Navigation of the Antients in the Indian Ocean,"
(2 vols., 1807,) a "Defence of Public Education, in a
Letter to the Lord Bishop of P.Ieath," "The Origination
of the Greek Verb, an Hypothesis," and a number of
sermons. The first named is esteemed a standard work.
He was also a contributor to the " British Critic" and
"The Classical Journal." Died in 1815.

Vincent OF LERINS. See VINCENTIUS LIRINENSI&

Vincent de Beauvais, vaN'so.s' deh bo'v4', [I-at.
VINCEN'HUS BEI.LOVACEN'SIS,] a learned French Do-
minican monk, was tutor to the sons of Louis IX. He
was the author of an encyclopaedia, entitled "Speculum
Quadruplex" or "Speculum Majus." Died about 1260.

Vincent de Paul, (or Depaul,) vln'sent (or vaN'sos')
deh pol, [Ger. VINCENZ VON PAULA, vin-sents' fon pow'.
la,] SAINT, a benefactor and reformer, born near Dax, in
the southwest of France, in 1576. He was ordained a
priest in 1600, and was captured in 1605 by corsairs, who
took him to Tunis and sold him as a slave. Having
escaped in 1607, he went to Paris, and became curate
of Clichy in 161 1. About 1613 he was employed as pre-



as/6; $ass; ghard; gas/'; G, H,K, guttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; thasinMw. (J^ = See Explanations, p. 23.)



VINCENT



2396



VINDING



ceptor of the sons of Philippe Emmanuel de Gondi,
Count de Joigny. One of these pupils was the famous
Cardinal de Retz. Vincent distinguished himself by his
zeal to improve the moral and physical condition of the
poor and the sick. About 1617 he founded a charitable
institution, called Confrerie de Charite, in which he
made a successful innovation by employing the laic ele-
ment. He afterwards spent some time in reforming and
relieving the prisoners in the galleys at Marseilles. In
1624 he began to organize the Congregation of the Mis-
sions, designed to train teachers and preachers for the
provinces of France. The priests of this society were
called Lazaristes. He established a foundling-hospital
in Paris about 1638. Among the most useful and widely-
extended institutions of Vincent de Paul was the Sisters
of Charity, devoted to the service of the sick. During
the civil war of the Fronde his inexhaustible charity
was employed in relieving the miseries of famine. His
services on this occasion procured for him the title of
Pere de la Patrie, (" Father of the Country.") He died
in Paris in 1660. He was canonized by Pope Clement
XII. in 1737.

See ABELLY, "Vie de Saint Vincent de Paul," 1664: P. COLLET,
"Vie de Saint Vincent de Paul," t vols-, 1748 : GALURA, " Vincem
von Paula." 1807 : LEOPOLD DE STOLBBRG, " Leben des Vincenz vop
Paula," 1818: LEMAIRB, "Vie de Saint Vincent de Paul," 1825-
ABHE MAURY, " Pane'gyrique de Saint Vincent de Paid," 1827-
CAPBFIGUE, "Vie de Saint Vincent de Paul," 1827: TH. NISARD,
"Vie de Saint Vincent de Paul," 1844; A. CHALLAMEL, "Saint
Vincent de Paul," 1841 ; " Nouvelle Biographic GeWraJe."

Vincent Ferrer. See FERRER.

Vin-ceu'tl-ua (vin-sen'she-us) Llr-I-nen'sis, [Fr.
VINCENT DE LERINS, vaN'soN^deh leh-riN',] a monk
and writer, born in Gaul. He wrote a short treatise
entitled "Commonitorium" against heretics, which is a
work of some merit. Died about 450 A.D.

Vincenz von Paula. See VINCENT DE PAUL.

Vinchon, vaN'sh6N', (AUGUSTS JEAN BAPTISTS,) a
French painter, born in Paris in 1789. He obtained the
grand prize from the Academy of Arts in 1814, and sub-
sequently studied at Rome. Among his works may be
named "Joan of Arc under the Walls of Orleans," and
the "Death of Coriolanus." Died in 1855.

Vinci, da, dj ven'chee, (or vln'chee,) (LEONARDO,) a
celebrated Italian painter, sculptor, and architect, born
at Vinci, near Florence, in 1452, was a natural son of
Pietro da Vinci, a notary. He became in early youth a
pupil of Andrea Verocchio, a painter of Florence, whom
he soon surpassed. He was well versed in anatomy,
astronomy, botany, mathematics, engineering, and music.
In his youth, before he left Florence, he produced a
cartoon of Adam and Eve, a Madonna-, a picture of the
" Adoration of the Magi," and other works. About 1481
he removed to Milan, and entered the service of Ludovico
il Moro, Duke of Milan. He was director of an Academy
of sciences and arts founded by the duke about 1485. In
493 ne made a model for a bronze equestrian statue of
Francesco Sforza. The statue was never cast, because
he could not procure a sufficient quantity of bronze.
About 1499 he completed at Milan his master-piece,
the picture of the " Last Supper," (" Cenacolo,") which
was painted on a wall of the convent of Santa Maria
delle Grazie. This celebrated work exists now only in
copies made by Marco Oggioni and other painters, and
in the engraving of Raphael Morghen. In consequence
of the expulsion of Ludovico il Moro from Milan by
Louis XII. of France, Leonardo returned to Florence
in 1500. He painted at Florence a portrait of Madonna
Lisa del Giocondo and "The Virgin on the Knees of
Saint Anne." Having been commissioned to paint
one end of the council-hall of the Palazzo Vecchio, he
commenced there a picture of the battle of Anghiari,
which he left unfinished. He worked at Milan in 1507
and 1512. He visited Rome in 1514, but soon came
away in disgust, which is ascribed to Pope Leo's want
of courtesy, or to the disagreement of Da Vinci with
Michael Angelo, who was then at Rome. Da Vinci en-
tered the service of Francis I. of France, whom he met
in Italy, and whom he accompanied to France in 1516.
He received from Francis an annual salary of seven
hundred crowns. His health was so infirm that he exe-
cuted no great work after he left Italy. He was the



author of an excellent treatise on painting, "Trattato
della Pittura," which has been translated into English,
and various other treatises, which have not been pub-
lished. The genuine paintings of Da Vinci which are
now extant are not very numerous. Among them is a
portrait of himself in the Uffizi gallery at Florence. He
surpassed all his predecessors in the art of chiaroscuro.
He was never married. He died near Amboise, or at
Fontainebleau, in May, 1519, leaving his manuscripts,
library, and other personal property to his pupil Fran-
cesco Melzi. Among his eminent pupils were Bernar-
dino Luini and Marco Oggioni.

" The discoveries," s:.ys Hallam, " which made Galileo
and Kepler and Maestlin and Maurolicus and Ca>telli
and other names illustrious, the system of Copernicus,
the very theories of recent geologers, are anticipated
by Da Vinci within the compass of a few pages, not
perhaps in the most precise language or on the most con-
clusive reasoning, but so as to strike us with some-
thing like the awe of preternatural knowledge. ... If
any doubt could be harboured, not as to the right of Leo-
nardo da Vinci to stand as the first name of the fifteenth
century, which is beyond all doubt, but as to his origi-
nality in so many discoveries, which probably no one
man, especially in such circumstances, has ever made, it
must be on an hypothesis, not very untenable, that some
parts of physical science had already attained a height
which mere books do not record." (" Introduction to the
Literature of Europe.")

See AMORKTTI, " Memorie storiche aulla Vita di L. da Vinci,"
1784: VASARI, "Lives of the Painters:" GAULT Da SAINT-GHK-



MA IN, " Vie de Leonard de Vinci," 1803 ; G. Uossl, " Vita di L. da
Vinci," 1814; CR*UN, "L da Vinci's Leben," 1819; J. W. BROWN.
" Life of L. da Vinci." 1828 : A_ DuMKsViL, " Leonard de Vinci,"




son Ecole," 1855 : Ticozzr, " Dizionario ;" BALDINUCCI, " Notizie :"
"Westminster Review" for July, 1850.

Vinci, da, (LEONARDO,) an Italian musical composer,
born at Naples in 1690; died about 1732.

Vinciguerra, ven-che-gwer'rj, (MARCO ANTONIO,)
an Italian poet, who flourished about 1470-1490. He
was for a long time secretary of the republic of Venice.
He is called the creator of satire in Italy. His works
are said to be remarkable for energy, originality, and
pathos.

Vincke, Hnk'keh, (FRIEDRICH LUDWIG WILHELM
PHILIPP,) a Prussian statesman and writer, born at Min-
den in 1774, filled several important offices under the
government, and published a treatise "On the Admin-
istration of Great Britain." Died in 1844.

Vincke, von, fon Mnk'keh, (ERNST FRIEDRICH
GEORG,) BARON, a distinguished Prussian orator and
statesman, son of Friedrich, noticed above, was born
near Hagen, in the county of Mark, in 1811. He was
elected to the Diet in 1847, and in 1849 became a
member of the second Prussian Chamber, being several
times re-elected. He was one of the principal leaders
of the constitutional party, and was conspicuous as an
able and brilliant debater. Died June 3, 1875.

Vinckelbooms, vtnk'el-boms', or Vinkenbooms,
v!nk'en-boms', (DAVID,) a Dutch painter, born at Mech-
lin in 1578. His favourite subjects were landscapes,
festivals, hunting-scenes, etc., which he delineated with
great skill and fidelity. Died in 1629.

Vin'dex, (CAius JULIUS,) a Roman general, born in
Aquitania. lie was governor or pro-praetor of Gallia
Celtica in the reign of Nero. In 68 A.D. he revolted
against Nero, and proclaimed Galba emperor. He was
killed, or killed himself, at Vesontio (Besan9on) in the
same year.

Vindicianus, vin-dish-e-a'nus, an eminent physician
and Christian, lived about 370 A.D. He was physician
to the emperor Valentinian. His skill and wisdom are
highly commended by Saint Augustine.

Vindlug, vin'ding, (ERASMUS,) a Danish scholar and
jurist, born at Vinding, in Zealand, in 1615. He became
professor of Greek and assessor of the supreme court
of justice. He had the principal part in the reformation
or revision of the laws of Denmark. Died in 1684.

Vinding, (PAUL,) a son of the preceding, was born



5, e. i, 6, u, y, long; 1, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, ?, short; a, e, j, 9, obscun; fir. fall, fat^met; nit; good; moon;



VINEIS



2397



VIRAJ



about 1658. He was professor of Greek, and author of
several works on classical subjects. Died in 1712.

Vinei3, vin'e-is, (PETRUS,) originally Pietro delle
Vigne, (del'li ven'yi,) an Italian jurist, rose to be chan-
cellor to Frederick H., Emperor of Germany, whose
cause he defended against the popes. Died in 1249.

Vi'ner, (CHARLES,) an English lawyer and compiler,
born about 1680, published in 1751 "A General and
Complete Abridgment of Law and Equity," (24 vols.
fol.,) a work on which he is said to have employed half
a century. He died in 1756, bequeathing twelve thou-
sand pounds to establish a professorship of common law
at Oxford, which was first filled by Blackstone.

Vines, vinz, (KiCHARD,) an English Presbyterian
divine, born in Leicestershire. He was a member of the
Assembly of Divines in 1644, minister of Saint Clement
Dane's, and vicar of Saint Lawrence Jewry, London.
Died in 1653.

Vinet, ve'nl', (ALEXANDRE RODOLPHE,) an eminent
Swiss author and theologian, born at or near Lausanne
in June, 1797. He became professor of the French lan-
guage and literature at Bale in 1817, and retained that
chair twenty years. He acquired a high reputation as
an eloquent preacher, advocated liberty of conscience,
and opposed the union of church and state. In 1837 he
was appointed professor of practical theology at Lau-
sanne. He published, besides other works, "An Argu-
ment for Liberty of Worship," (1826,) " Chrestomathie
Franchise," (3 vols., 1829-30,) " Discours sur quelques
Sujets religieux," (1835,) an English version of which
was entitled " Vital Christianity," " Studies on French
Literature of the Nineteenth Century," (3 vols., 1849,)
and " Pastoral Theology," (1850.) His works are highly
esteemed, and are remarkable for elegance of style.
He seceded from the nationaj Church in 1840. Died
in 1847.

See E. SCUPPER, " A. Vinet, aa Vie etses Cents." 1853: SAINTB-
BHL'VR, "Portraits contemporains ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'-
rale ;" " North British Review" for August, 1854.

Vinet or Vinette, ve'net', (EuE,) a French scholar
and critic of great learning, was born near Barbezieux
(Saintonge) in 1509. He was for some years professor
at the College of Guicnne, Bordeaux, of which he was
rector or president from 1558 till 1583. lie published
good editions, with notes, of Eutropius, (1553,) Sueto-
nius " De Rhetoribus," (1556,) Florus, (1563,) Ausonius,
(1575,) and other classics. He also wrote several original
works. Died in 1587.

See JOANNET, "Eloge d'Clie Vinet," 1816; NIC^RON, "Mi-
moires."

Vinette. See VINET, (LIE.)
Vingtrinier, vaN'tRe'ne-4', (ARTUS BARTHLF.MV,)
a French physician and economist, born in 1796. lie
practised in Rouen, and treated the subject of prison-
reform in " Des Prisons et des Prisonniers," (1840.) He
wrote other works. Died July II, 1872.

Vinje, vin'yi, (AASMUND OLAFSEN,) a Norwegian
poet of peasant birth, was born in 1818, and was promi-
nent in the movement to create a new national language
and literature based on the folk-speech of the country.
His lyrics (1864) and "The Big Lad" (a novel in verse,
1866) were in this new language. Died in 1870.
Vinnen. See VINNIUS.

Vin'nl-us or VIn'nen, (ARNOLD,) an eminent Dutch
jurist, born near the Hague in 1588. He became pro-
fessor of law at the University of Leyden in 1633. He
published " Select Questions of Law," " Commentaries
on Four Books of the Imperial Institutes," ("Corn-
mentarius in Libros IV. Institutinnum Imperialium,"
1642,) and other works. Died at Leyden in 1657.

Vintimilie, de, deh -vaN'te'mel' or yaN'te'me'ye,
(JACQUES,) COMTE, a scholar and translator, born about
1512. He lived mostly in France, and became a coun-
sellor to the parliament of Burgundy in 1549. He wrote
several Latin poems, and translated into French the
"Cyropxdia" of Xenophon and the works of llerodian.
Died in 1582.

Vintimilie du Luc, de, deh vaN'te'mel' dii liik,
(CHARLES GASPARD GUILLAUME,) a French prelate,
born near Frejus in 1655. He became Archbishop of
Paris in 1729, and opposed Jansenism. Died in 1746.



Vin'tpn, (ALEXANDER HAMILTON,) D.D., an Epis-
copalian divine, born at Providence, Rhode Island, in
1807. He became successively rector of Saint Paul's
Church in Boston, the Church of the Holy Trinity in
?hilade!phia, and Saint Mark's Church in New York,
1861.) Died April 26, iSSi.

Vinton, (FRANCIS,) D.D., a brother of the preceding,
was born at Providence, Rhode Island, in 1809. He
rraduated at the Military Academy of West Point, served
n the Creek war in 1836, and, having afterwards studied
theology, was ordained in 1839. He became rector of
Grace Church, Brooklyn, in 1847, anf l assistant minister
of Trinity Church, New York, in 1855. Died in 1872.

Vinton, (FRANCIS LAURENS,) an American general,
a nephew of the Rev. Francis Vinton, was born at Port-
and, Maine, in 1835. He graduated at West Point in
1856, became a brigadier-general about September, 1862,
and resigned May 5, 1863. Died October 6, 1879.

Vinton, (JUSTUS HATCH,) an American missionary,
jorn at Wilhngton, Connecticut, in 1806, sailed in 1834
"or Burmah, where he devoted himself to the instruction
of the Karens. Died in 1858.

Vinton, (SAMUEL F.,) an American legislator, born at
South Hadley, Massachusetts, in 1792. He removed to
Ohio about 1816, practised law with distinction, and as a
Whig represented a district of Ohio in Congress about
twenty-two years, (1823-37 and 1843-51.) Died in 1862.

Vio, de. See CAJETAN.

Violante do Ceo. See CEO, DO.

Viollet-Leduc, (or Le Due,) ve'o'U' leh diik, (EU-
GENE EMMANUEL,) an eminent French architect, born
in Paris in 1814. was a pupil of A. Leclerc. He devoted
himself to Gothic and medieval architecture, and was
employed by the government in the restoration of
several ancient churches, among which were that of
Notre-Dame, in Paris, and the cathedral of Amiens.
Among his works are " Dictionnaire raisonne de l'A>
chitecture Fran9aise du Xle au XVIe Siecle," "Me-
moires sur la Defense de Paris," (1871,) and " The Habita-
tions of Mnn in All Ages," (1876.) Died Sept. 17, 1879.

Viomenil, de, deh ve'o'mi'nel', (ANTOINE CHARLES
du Hous dii boo,) BARON, a French general, born
in Vosges in 1728. lie was second in command of the
army of Rochambeau in the United States, to which he
was sent in 1780. While defending the king against the
populace of Paris, in August, 1792, he received a severe
wound. Died in November, 1792.

Viomenil, de, (CHARLES JOSEPH HYACINTHS DO
Houx,) MARQUIS, a general, born in 1734, was a brother
of the preceding. He served in the United States,
(1780-82,) emigrated as a royalist in 1791, and fought
against France, under Conde, until 1797. He returned


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 375 of 425)