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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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in 1814, and became a marshal of France in 1816. Died
in 1827.

Viotti, ve-ot'tee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) a celebrated
Italian violinist, born in Piedmont in 1755. He studied
under Pugnani, and was appointed, at the age of twenty,
first violinist at the court of Turin. On the breaking
out of the French Revolution, he repaired to London,
where he was for a time leader of the band at the King's
Theatre. One of his principal works is entitled " Vingt-
neuf Concertos de Violons." Died in 1824.

See BAUDOT, "Notice sur J. B. Viotti," 1825; MIHL, "Notice
sur Viotti," 1827.

Viperano, ve-pi-ra'no, (GIOVANNI ANTONIO,) an
Italian writer and ecclesiastic, born at Messina in 1535.
He was appointed Bishop of Giovenazzo by Pope Sixtus
V. He wrote various works, among which are " On
Writing History," (" Ue Scribenda Historia," 1569,) and
"On the Chief Good," ("De Summo Bono," 1575-)
Died in 1610.

Vipsanius. See ACRIPPA.

Virabhadra, [modern Hindoo pron. vee'ra-b'hud ra,J
[from the Sanscrit vtra, a "strong or valiant person,
a " hero," (perhaps cognate with the Latin vir, a " man,
also a " hero.") and bhSilrS, " prosperous," " excellent,"]
in the Hindoo mythology, the name of a son, or, accord-
ing to some, of an avatar, of Siva.
See MOOR, " Hindu Pantheon," p. 177-
VIraj, vt-rSj', in the Hindoo mythology, the name of
a mysterious being, who was said to be the son of



C as k; c as i; i hard; g as/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as s; th as in this. ( J^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



VIRCHOW



2398



VIRGIL



Brahma and the father of the first Manu. By dividing
himself into male and female, he became the parent of
many creatures. The fable of VIraj seems to have sug-
gested the idea of Ardha-nari, (ar'dha nl'rce, from
drdhJ, "half," and nfirl, "woman," a being combining
the two sexes,) one of the forms of Siva, and perhaps
also of the Hermaphrodite of the Greeks.

See MOOR, "Hindu Pantheon," pp. 83-83.

Virchow, fgeVKO, (RunoLF,) a distinguished Ger-
man pathologist, born at Kbslin, in Pomerania. in 1821.
He became in 1846 prosector at Berlin, _and in 1856
professor of pathological anatomy in that city. Perhaps
the most important of his professional works all of
which enjoy a high reputation is his "Cellular Pa-
thology as based upon Physiological and Pathological
Histology," (1858; 2d edition, 1859.) which has beer
translated into English, and is regarded as the highesi
authority on the subjects of which it treats. I le has also
given especial attention to investigating the diseases
caused by trichina. In regard to political and social
questions Dr. Virchow is progressive and liberal.

Viret, ve'r.V, [Lat. VIRE'TUS,] (PIERRE,) an eminem
Swiss Reformer, born at Orbe in 1511, was a friend of
Fare). lie began about 1531 to preach the Reformed
doctrines at Orbe and Payerne. In 1536 he preached
at Lausanne, where he made many converts, and where
he was employed as pastor several years. His health is
said to have been ruined by pcison given to him by
some priests at Geneva. For the benefit of his health,
he removed about 1561 to the south of France. He
afterwards preached at Lyons, from which he was driven
by persecution in 1565, and took refuge in Navarre. He
wrote many works, among which are an " Exposition of
the Doctrines of the Christian Religion," (1543,) and
"Papal Physics," ("La Physique papale," 1552.) Died
at Orthez in 1571.

See CHBNBvifcrtE, " Farel, Froment, Vlret, ReTormateurs," 1835;
JAQUEMOT, "Viret, ReTormateur de Lausanne," 1836.

Viretua. See VIRET.

Virey, ve'ri', (JuLlEN JOSEPH,) a French physician,
born in the department of Haute-Marne in 1775. He
was appointed in 1812 chief pharmaceutist at the hos-
pital of Val de Grace in Paris. He published a "Theo-
retical and Practical Treatise on Pharmacy," (iSn,)
'Ephemerides of Human Life," (1814,) "On Vital
Power," (1822,) "Philosophical Hygiene," (2 vols.,
1828.) and other valuable works. He was also one of
the principal contributors to the "Dictionnaire des Sci-
ences naturelles" and the "Dictionnaire des Sciences
medicates." Died in 1846.

Vir'gil, [Ital. VIRGII.IO, veR-jee'le-o ; Fr. ViRcrLE,
veR'zh6l',j or, more fully, Pub'11-us Vir-gU't-us (or
Ver-gilTf-us) Ma'ro, the most illustrious of Latin poeta,
was born of humble parents at Andes, a small village
near Mantua, on the 1 5th of October, 70 B.C., during the
consulship of Pompeyand Crassus. His mother's name
was Maia. He studied at Cremona, Milan, and Neapo-
lis, (Naples.) It is evident from his writings that he re-
ceived a liberal education, and was well versed in Greek
literature, philosophy, medicine, and mathematics. He
inherited from his father, Maro, a small farm near Man-
tua, which was included in the tract assigned by Octavian
(Augustus) to his soldiers as a reward for their services
atPhilippi in 42 B.C. Virgil was thus deprived of his
patrimony ; but he recovered it by a personal appeal to
Augustus. He expressed his gratitude for this favour
in his first eclogue, which is supposed to be one of his
earliest productions. He became an intimate friend of
Pollioand Horace, and found a liberal patron in Maecenas,
to whom he was introduced about 40 B.C. He displayed
a remarkable mastery over the Latin language in his
ten -eclogues, " Bucolica," or pastoral poems, which are
mostly imitations of Theocritus. In these poems, de-
scriptions of nature are admirably blended with human
feelings and sympathies.

About the age of thirty-three, Virgil became a resident
of Rome, and a recipient of the bnunty of Augustus to
such an extent that he could devote himself entirely to
literary pursuits. lie owned a house on the Esquiline
Hill. It appears that after he had remained a few years



at Rome he removed to Naples, at that time a favourite

ode of literary men. He expended seven years in the

mposition of a didactic poem on rural economy,
entitled "Georgica," in four books, which is considered
his most original and finished production. It presents a
marvellous union of didactic precept with graphic de
scription and ingenious illustration, expressed with great
variety and magnificence oi diction. " In sustained
majesty, in melody that ever satisfies but never cloys
the ear, in variety of modulation, in stateliness but free-
dom of march, it stands unapproached by any other
Roman poet." (" Encyclopaedia Britannica. )

About 30 n.c. he began to compose a great nationa,
epic poem, which he had long meditated, and which was
designed to celebrate the origin of the Roman empire.
He had written or sketched the last book of this poemi
the " /Eneid," ("/lineis,") which constitutes a perennial
monument of his genius, when he departed on a visit to
Athens in 19 B.C. He intended to pass several years in
Greece, in polishing and revising the " /Eneicl," but his
health failed. During the homeward voyage he died
at Brundusium, in September, 19 B.C. According to his
own request, he was buried near Naples. There is a
current tradition that shortly before his death he re-
quested his friends to burn the " ^neid," which he
regarded as imperfect ; but, as they refused to comply,
he committed the publication of it to Tucca and Varius.

Virgil is represented as a person of tall stature,
swarthy complexion, and delicate constitution. He was
generally beloved as well as admired by his contempo-
raries. Among his virtues modesty was conspicuous.
Of his more private life nothing is known. It does not
appear that he was ever married. He had two brothers,
who died before him, and a half-brother, Valerius Pro-
culus. The "/'Eneid" has ever been ranked among the
poems which are destined to immortality. Nearly nine-
teen hundred years of uninterrupted popularity attest
the broad and elevated and diversified character of his
poetical merit. In comparison with Homer, it is usual
to represent Virgil as deficient in originality and sub-
limity. Some critics also depreciate the " ^neid"as an
imitation of Homer's " Iliad" and " Odyssey." On this
subject we cannot, perhaps, do better than to quote some
remarkSiof Addison. "One great genius often catches
the flame from another, and writes in his spirit without
copying servilely after him. There are a thousand
shining passages in Virgil which have been lighted up
by Ilorrier. Virgil falls infinitely short of Homer in the
characters of his poem, both as to their variety and
novelty. yEneas is indeed a perfect character, . . . and,
that of Dido cannot be sufficiently admired. . . . Virgil
has excelled all others in the propriety of his sentiments.
Everything is just and natural. I lis sentiments show
that he had a perfect insight into human nature, and
that he knew everything that was most proper to affect
it." (Critique on Milton's "Paradise Lost," in the
" Spectator.") He is considered by good judges supe-
rior to all ancient poets in beauty and harmony of
versification. Dante admired Virgil, and adopted him
as his model.

Wordsworth pronounced Virgil the greatest mastei
of language that ever existed, and extolled his lofty mora.
tone and frequent strokes of tenderness and imagina-
tion. (" Quarterly Review" for January, 1853.)

Voltaire expressed the opinion that the "/Eneid" "is
the most beautiful monument which remains to us of all
antiquity."

Commenting on J. C. Scaliger's preference of Virgil
to Homer, llallam observes, " It would be a sort of
prejudice almost as tasteless as that of Scaliger, to refuse
the praise of real superiority to many passages of Virgil,
even as compared with the * Iliad, and far more with
the 'Odyssey.' If the similes of the older poet are
more picturesque and animated, those of his irnitatoi
are more appropriate and parallel to the subject."

The best or most popular English translation of Vir-
gil is that of Dryden, which has a high reputation.
Sotheby's version of the "Georgics" and Pitt's version
of the "^Lneid" are highly commended. The " Eclogue*"
and " Georgics" 'were also translated into verse by Jo-
seph Warton. " We may congratulate ourselves," savs



a, e, i, o, u, y, lertg. i, e, 6, same, less prolonger 1 ; a, e, 1, 6, , J, short; a, e. i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; mSt; not ; good : moon;



VIRGIL



2399



VISCONTI



the "Quarterly Review" for July, lS6l, "on the posses-
sion of a splendid English epic, in which most of the
thoughts are Virgil's and most of the language Dry-
den's. He was constantly adding to the original, and
that in the most wilful and reckless manner. There
were elements in his mature peculiarly repugnant to the
Virgilian ideal. ... It is idle to discuss who has come
nearest to the style and language of Virgil, when no one
has come within any appreciable distance." His works
became school-books before the end of the Augustan
age. Virgil composed, says Donatus, his own epitaph,
in these terms :



(antua me genuit, Calabri rapuere. tenet nun
'arthenope. Cecini pascua, rura, duces."*



See DONATUS. "P VirRilii M.ironis Vila;" I.AUTHR. " De Vir
gilio Imilstore Homeri," 1796: TISSOT, " tudes sur Vircile," 4
vols., 1825-30; SAIKTB-RRUVB, " Vircile." i vols., 1^57; SERVIUS,
" Commentarius ad Virgilium :" J. W. HKKCRR. " De- Vircilio Ora
tore," 1703: O. ARRHHNIOS, " Tal om P. Vireilius Maro," 1*41;
FABRICIUS, " Bibliotneca Laiina ;" CARLO,. I-RANCKB, " Disser-
tatio de P. Virgilio Marone," etc., 1776: KAHR. "Geschichte der
Rbmischen Literatur:" MICHAEL DARTH, " Vita P. Virgilii Maronu
Carmine descripta," 1676.

Virgil, (POLYDORE.) See VERGIL, (POLYDORE.)

Virgile. See VIRGIL.

Virgilio. See VIRGIL.

Virgiliua. See VIRGIL,

Virgilius, (PoLYDORUS.) See VERGIL, (PoLvnoRE.)

Vir-gill-us, SAINT, a native of Ireland, became
Bishop of Saltzburg, (Juvavum,) in Austria. lie is said
to have converted many Slavonians and Huns to Chris-
tianity. Died about 782.

Virgin, vlr-geen', ? (CHRISTIAN AnoLPH,) a Swedish



navigator, barn at Gothenburg in 1797.
a voyage
obt-ined the



I le performed



Roman



round the globe in 1851-53, after which he
he rank of rear-admiral. Died in 1870.

Vir-ginl-a, |Fr. VIRGINIE, veR'zhe'ne',1 a R
maiden, celebrated for her beauty and tragical fate,
daughter of Lucius Virginius, an officer of the army. She
was betrothed to L. Icilius, a tribune of the people,
from whom the decemvir Appius Claudius wished to
ravish her. She was seized by M. Claudius, one of his
agents, who pretended that she was his slave, and who,
in order to prove his claim, took her before the tribunal
of Appius Claudius. Virginius arrived at the forum
just after the decemvir had decided that she was the
slave of Claudius. He immediately killed her, to deliver
her from slavery and dishonour, (449 B.C.) The people
revolted against the decemvirs, and dragged Appius
Claudius to prison, where he killed himself.

See SMITH, "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography,"
MACAULAY, " Lays of Ancient Rome,"

Virginie. See VIRGINIA.

Virginixis, (Lucius.^ See VIRGINIA.

Vir-gin'I-ua Ro-ma'nua, a Latin comic poet of the
Augustan age, had a high reputation. He is said to
have contributed to improve the public taste, and to
have merited a place beside Plautus and Terence. His
style was noble and elegant His works are lost

VJr-gin'I-ua (or Vergin'ius) Ru'fus, (Lucius,) a
Roman general, bom at Como in 14 A.D., was consul in
the year 63. After he had defeated Vindex, his army
proclaimed him as emperor, (69 A.D.,) but he refused
the crown. He became a third time consul in 97 A.D.,
as an associate of the emperor Nerva. 1 le was eulogized
by Tacitus and Pliny the Younger.

Viriathe or Vinath. See VIRIATHUS.

Vl-rl'a-ttxus, |Gr. Owpiafof ; Fr. VIRIATHE, ve're'St';
Ger. VIR'IATH, ve-re-lt',| a brave Lusitanian chief, who
carried on for many years a successful war against the
Romans; but he was at length betrayed into the hands
of the consul, L. Servilius Czpio, by whom he was put
to death, (140 B.C.)

See BECKER, "Viriath und die Lusitanier," 1826.

Virleu, de. deh ve're-uh', (FRANCOIS HENRI,) COMTE,
a French officer, born~at Grenoble in 1754. He was
elected to the States-General in 1789, and was one of
the members of the noblesse that joined the Tiers-Eut.



* "Mantua bore me, Olabria (next) received me. Nap'e* now
holds me. I have sung of pastures, [or shepherds,) of farms, an'
of leaders in war."



ie was a royalist, and a leader of the insurgents ol
^yons who revolted against the Convention in May,
793. He was killed at the capture of Lyons, in Oo
ober, 1793.

See " Notice sur le Comte de Virieu," 1863.

Viruea, de, di ve-roo-es', ? (CRISTOVAL.) a Spanish
poet and dramatist, born at Valencia about 1550, was
he author of five tragedies, an epic poem, and a number
of lyrics. Died in 1610.

Viscaino, vcs-ka-ee'no, (SEIIASTIAN,) a Spanish
navigator, born in the second half of the sixteenth cen-
ury. He commanded an expedition sent from Aca-
>ulco in 1602, and explored the coast of California, of
which he made an accurate chart.

Vifl-9el-U'nu3, (SPURIUS CASSIUS,) a Roman general,
distinguished as the author of the first agrarian law,
was consul in 502 B.C. He defeated the Sabines, was
chosen consul again in 493, and formed an important
eague with the Latins. Having become consul in 486,
le proposed an agrarian law. He was charged with
aspiring to royal posver, and was put to death in 485 K.C.

Visch, de, deh visK, (CHARLES,) a Flemish monk
and biographer, born near Fumes about 1596; died in
1666.

Vlacher, (CORNELIS.) See VISSCHER.

Viacher, fish'er, (FRIEDRICH THEODOR,) a German
writer, born at Ludwigsburg in 1807, became professor
of philosophy at Tubingen in 1844. He published" /Ks-
thetics, or the Science of the Beautiful." Died in 1887.

Viacher, (PETER,) an eminent German sculptor and
founder, born at Nuremberg about 1460. Among his
best works may be named the monument of the Arch-
bishop Ernst at Magdeburg and the tomb of Saint Se-
bald at Nuremberg, both in- bronze. The latter is of
rare excellence. Died in 1530. Vischer had five sons
who were sculptors, and HERMANN, the eldest, was
esteemed nearly equal to him in genius. Died in 1540.

Vischnou or Viachnu. See VISHNU.

Viacoutd, ves-kon'tee, the name of a celebrated
family of Lombardy, which acquired sovereign power
at Milan in the thirteenth century. The founder of their
jrandeur was OTTONE VISCONTI, who became Arch-
bishop of Milan in 1262. He was violently opposed by
a party of the Milanese, the Torriani, whom he defeated
in battle in 1277. He died in 1295. His nephew,
MATTEO VISCONTI THE GREAT, born in 1250, was
chosen in 1288 "captain of the people" for five years.
He obtained sovereign power, and waged war against
the Torriani, who drove him out of Milan in 1302 ; but
he was restored in 1311. He was the leader of the
Ghibelines, and was involved in a quarrel with Pope
John XXII., who excommunicated him in 1322. He
died in the same year. According to Sismondi, " he
raised himself above all the princes of his time by his
political talents," etc. His son, GALEAZZO I., born in
1277, became in 1322 lord of Milan, which was then
under the papal interdict His capital was attacked in
1323 by an> army of crusaders, who were incited by the
pope. He was aided by Louis of Bavaria, and defeated
the crusaders in 1324. Died in 1328. Azzo VISCONTI,
born in 1302, was a son of Galeazzo, and became sove-
reign of Milan and Lombardy in 1329. He is said to
have been an able, liberal, and just prince. He was the
first lord of Milan who coined money in his own name.
Died in 1339. without issue. LUCCHINO (or LUCHINU)
VISCONTI, an uncle of Azzo and son of Matteo, was born
in 1287. He became lord of Milan in 1339, and enlarged
his dominions by the annexation of Parma, Pavia, and
other towns. He died in 1349, and was succeeded by his
brother GIOVANNI, who was born, in 1290. lie r
been appointed Archbishop of Milan about 1317.
acquired bologna by purchase in 1350, and died in 1354.
His power was inherited by three nephews, Matleo,
Galeazzo, and Barnabo, the first of whom died in 1355;
BARNABO, born in 1319, became master of Bergani...
Brescia, Crema, and Cremona. He also ruled Milan
jointly with Galeazzo. He was notorious far his cruelly
and audacity, and defied the power of the pope, who'
excommunicated him. Urban V. preached a crusade
against him, and united the emperor Charles IV. with
other monarchs in a league against him about 1363.



. u k: v as s. ; g hard: g asy; c, H, K.ftfnral; N, nasal; R, triiltJ; 5 as *. H. a in this.



Explanations, p. 23.



VISCONTI



2400



VISHNU



Barnab6 resisted them with success. Died in 1385.
GALEAZZO II., born about 1320, became lord of Como,
Pavia, Novara, Vercelli, Asti, and Tortona, in 1354. He
was cruel and tyrannical. He died in 1378, leaving a
son.GlAN GALEAZZO, the first Duke of Milan, who was
born in 1347. lie was ambitious and perfidious. Hav>
ing deposed his uncle Barnab6 in 1385, he obtained his
dominions. By force or fraud he made himself master
of Verona, Vicenza, Bologna, and Padua. In 1395 he
purchased the title of Duke' of Milan from the empe-
ror, lie aspired to be King of Italy, when he died in
the midst of his victorious career, in 1402. GIOVANNI
MARIA, the eldest son of the preceding, born in 1389,
became duke in 1402. He was feeble and depraved.
During his reign the limits of the duchy were greatly
reduced. He was assassinated in 1412. FILIPPO MARIA
VISCONTI, born in 1391, was a brother of Giovanni
Maria, whom he succeeded. His army, commanded
by the famous General Carmagnola, reconquered
Lombardy. He was cruel, cowardly, and suspicious.
He put to death his own wife. About 1426 Venice,
Florence, and Alfonzo of Aragon formed a league
against him. He waged war for many years against
these powers and the pope Eugene IV. He died in
1447, and was succeeded by his sori-in-law, Francesco
Sforza.

See BOTTA, "Storia a'ltalia:" CANTO, "Storia universal* ,
VHRRI, " Sloria di Mtlano;" VOLPI, ' Deil'Istoria de' Visconti," z
vols., 1737-48: SICKBI, "Die V sconti <on Milan," 1859.

Visconti, (ENNIO QUIRINO,) an eminent Italian
scholar and archaeologist, was born at Rome on the 1st of
November, 1751. He was instructed by his father, who
was prefect of antiquifies at Rome. He displayed such
precocity of intellect, that he translated the " Hecuba"
of Euripides into Italian verse at the age of fourteen.
After the death of his father, whom he assisted in
editing the first, he edited the six remaining volumes
of the " Museo Pio-Clementino," (1807.) He had been
appointed in 1787 conservator of the Capitoline Mu-
seum. On the occupation of Rome by the French, in
1798, Visconti was chosen a member of the provisional
government, and soon after became one of the five con-
suls of the republic. I laving removed to France, he
was appointed professor of archeology and overseer of
the Museum of the Louvre, and published, at the re-
quest of Napoleon, a series of portraits of the eminent



he wrote a description of the monuments found in the
ruins of Gabii, and various other treatises on ancient
art. Died in 1818.

See QUATRBMBRB DE QUINCY, " Notice sur la Vie et les Ouvrages
de V. sconti," 1818 : GIOVANNI LABUS, "Notizie biografiche intorno
U Vitadi E Q. Visconii," igig; TIPALDO, "Biograna degli Italian!
lllustn;" DACIER, " Eloge d'E. Q. Visconti;" "Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Ge'ne'rale."

Visconti, (FILIPPO AURELIO,) a brother of the pre-
ceding, became superintendent of the antiquities of
Rome after the death of his father. lie published several
antiquarian treatises, and edited the "Museo Chiara-
momi,"a sequel to the "Museo Pio-Clementino." Died
in 1830.

_ Visconti, (GASPARO,) an Italian poet, born at Milan
in 1461, became a senator. He published "Rhymes,"
(" Rithmi," 1493,) an( l a " Poem on the Lovers Paul and
Daria," (" Poema di Paolo e Daria Amanti," 1491;.)
Died in 1499.

Viscouti, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA ANTONIO,) an Ital-
ian antiquary, the father of Ennio Quirino, noticed
above, was born at Vernazza in 1722. lie became pre-
fect of antiquities at Rome in 1768, and was employed
by Pope Clement XIV. to .form a collection of ancient
marbles, which is called "Museo Pio-Clementino."
Died in 1784.

See " Biografia di G. B. Visconti," Rome,

Visconti, (Louis TUU.IUS JOACHIM,) an architect,
a son of Ennio Quirino, was born at Rome in 1797,
and studied architecture in Paris under Percier. He was
appointed in 1825 architect of the Bibliotheque Royale.
Among his principal works are the tomb of Napoleon I.,



the monuments of Marshals Soult and Suchet, and the
completion of the Louvre and its junction with the
Tuileries. The last, which was finished in 1857, is a
grand and admirable structure. Died in 1853.

Visconti, (MARCO,) an able Italian commander, was
a son of Matteo the Great, (mentioned in the foregoing
notice of the Visconti family,) and a leader of the Ghibe-
lines. He commanded the forces of his brother Gale-
azzo I. when Milan was attacked by an army of crusaders,
whom he defeated in 1322. He was assassinated, by
order of his nephew Azzo, in 1329.

Visdelou, de, deh ve'rfeh-loo' or vjdloo', (CLAUDE.)
a learned French missionary, born in Brittany in 1656.
He was one of the Jesuits sent to China by Louis XIV.
in 1685. He laboured about twenty years in China,
received the title of Bishop of Claudiopolis in 1708,
and wrote several works on Chinese history, etc. Died
at Pondicherry in 1737.
Vise or Viz. See DoNNEAU.

Vishnu, vish'noo, written in French Vichnou or
Vischnou, and in German Wlschnu or Vischnu,
sometimes improperly spelled in English Veeahuoo,*
i.e. the " Pervader," [from the Sanscrit vitA, to "enter"
or "pervade,"] the name of the preserving deity, one
of the great gods of the Hindoo Triad. t The Vaishna-
vas, (pronounced vlsh'na-vaz,) or especial worshippers
of Vishnu, claim that Brahma (or the Self-Existent)
sprung from Vishnu in his character of Narayana, (or
the primeval spirit which moved upon the waters, see
NARAYANA :) thus they exalt Vishnu above the Creatui
(Brahma) and the Destroyer, (Siva.) The Saivas,.oi
worshippers of Siva, on the other hand, place their
favourite deity far above Vishnu or Brahma, (see SIVA,)
calling him Mahadeva, or the "Great God."

The most striking peculiarity of the preserving deity
are his numerous avatars, alluding to which Southey
says,

"When . . . tyrants in theit might
Usurped dominion o'er the earth,
[ThenJ Veeshnoo took a human birth.
Deliverer of Ihe sons of men."

Curse of Kefuimn^ vol. I., *

On these occasions his parents were usually Kasyapa
and Dili.)

The following are the names of the avatars of Vishnu :
I. Matsya, or the Fish ; 2. Kurma, the Tortoise ; 3.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 376 of 425)