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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Varaha, the Boar; 4. Narasingha, the Man-Lion ; 5.
Vamana, the Dwarf; 6. Parasu-Rama; 7. Rama-Chan-
dra; 8. Krishna; 9. Buddha, (Hooddha ;) 10. Kalki, or
the Horse. For an explanation of these, the reader is
referred to their respective heads. Vishnu, as his name
implies, represents Spirit, while in the same general
relation Brahma represents Matter, and Sivx, Time.
Again, as the Earth is the type or symbol of Brahma,
and Fire of Siva, so Water is the symbol of Vishnu.
The reason is sufficiently obvious: m a country like
India, where everything is exposed for the greater part
of the year to a burning sun, one of the many forms
of Siva, it is the water, coming in the periodical rains,
which alone saves the plants and animals (whose life is
dependent upon that of plants) from utter destruction.
As a personification of water, -(or the sea,) Vishnu is in
pictures usually represented of a dark-blue colour. The
air, as the symbol of spirit, and perhaps, also, as the
vehicle of the preserving rains, is considered to belong
peculiarly to Vishnu. The sun likewise, though com-
monly regarded as a type of Siva, is one of the many
representations of Vishnu. For if cold is one of the



' Improperly, because the ft in the first syllable does not represent
correctly the pronunciation. (See Preface, p. vi.)

tit may be proper to observe thai the Hindoo Triad (untilce the
Trinity of the Western nations) is not considered to constitute the
godhead of ihe infinite eternal Bei.iR ; for none of the gods of the
Triad is supposed to be eternal in the strictest sense. They are, in
fact, personifications of the powers of nature. They had a beginning,
and they will come to an end, BRAHM, of whom they are but tem-
porary emanations, is the only eternal Being in the BrahmanicaJ
system of theology.

I In the celebrated drama of " SakoontalS" (translated by Pro
fessor Williams, of Oxford) the following passage occurs:
"That immortal pair

Whom Vishnu, greater than the Self-Existent,
Chose for his parents, when, to save mankind,
He took upon himself the shape of mortals." Act vii



a.e,i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, it, y.j'.crt: a, e, j, o, obs<,<; fir, fall, fit; mei; not; good; moon:



VISIN



2401



VITRE



numerous forms of Siva, (the Destroyer,) the warmth
of the sun may very naturally, in a temperate climate,
or in winter, be considered as a manifestation of the
preserving Power.

Among the possessions peculiar to Vishnu are the
Chakra, (called by the modern Hindoos chuk'ra or
chuk'iir,) a sort of wheel or discus, with a hole in the
centre, which the god hurled at his foes, and the Shankh
or Chank, (modern pron. shunkh,*) a kind of shell, having
allusion, doubtless, to the sea as personified in Vishnu.

Vishnu, like Siva, is said to have had a thousand
different names, among which we may mention that of
Trivikrama, or "three-step-taker," (see VAMANA,) and
Hari, (or Heri,) i.e. "Green," in allusion, in all prob-
ability, to the colour of the sea, (the type of Vishnu ;)
so KRISHNA, the name of that one of the avatars which
is regarded as Vishnu himself, signifies "dark blue,"
and it was doubtless applied to him for the same reason,
the colour of the sea varying with varying circumstances
from green to a deep blue.

The preserving deity is usually represented with four
arms. He is pictured in various positions, some-
times as Nariyana reclining on Sesha, a thousand-
headed serpent, meditating on the universe to which
he is about to give being ; from his navel proceeds a
lotus, in the opening flower of which Brahma, known by
his four heads, is seen sitting ; while Lakshmi (Nara-
yani) sits reverently at the feet of her lord. At other
times he is represented as standing with the Shankh and
Chakra in his hands. Sometimes he is pictured sitting
with Lakshmi by his side, and holding a bow and mace,
as he rides on his Vahan GARUDA, (which see.) The
Shankh and Chakra are his usual insignia, whether
he is represented in his own proper person or in the
characters of his various avatars.

See MOOR, "Hindu Pantheon ;" GUIGNIAUT, "Religions de
rAntiquiteV' vol. i., book i. chap. iii. ; " Biographic Universelle,"
(Partie mythologique ;) COLKMAN, " Mythology of the Hindus."

Visin. See VIZIN.

Visinet, ve'ze'n^', (AuousTE THEODORE,) a French
journalist, born in Paris in 1797. He edited the "Jour-
nal de Rouen" from 1828 to 1848. Died in 1857.

Visscher or Viacher, vis'Ker, (ANNE Roemer
roo'mer,) a Dutch poetess and artist, born in 1587, was
a daughter of Roemer, noticed below. Died in 1651.

Her sister, MARIA TESSELSCHADE, (tes'sel-sKj'deh,)
born in 1597, was also a poetess. Her talents and beauty
were highly extolled by the historian Hooft. Died in
1649.

See SCHELTBMA, " Anna en Maria Tesselschade Visscher," 1809;
LONGFELLOW. "Poets and Poetry of Europe;" " Fraser's Maga-
zine" for March, 1854.

Visscher or Vischer, (CORNELIS,) an eminent Dutch
engraver, born at Haarlem in 1610, was a pupil of Sout-
man. He executed a number of prints after his own
designs, as well as from other artists. His works are
ranked among the finest specimens of the art, and com-
mand enormous prices. He engraved many admirable
portraits, among which is that of A. D. Winius. His
death is variously dated from 1660 to 1670.

Visscher, UAN,) a skilful Dutch engraver, bom in
1636, was a brother of the preceding. He engraved
after Berghem and Ostade. Died after 1692.

Visscher, (ROEMER or ROMERUS,) a poet, styled "the
Dutch Martial," born in Amsterdam in 1547, published
a book of emblems, entitled " Zinnepoppen," (1614,) and
a collection of Epigrams. Died in 1620.

Viswacarma or Viswacarman. See VISWA-
KARMA.

VTswakarma or VTshwakarma, [modern Hindoo

mr, irTc'rafn-kllr-'ma frnm thp SanSPrlf IftsATltlf- " all."



respects to the Vulcan of classic mythology. He was
married to Prithu, the goddess of the earth, which he is
supposed to have moulded into its present shape.

See MOOR, " Hindu Pantheon."

VIswamltra, vis-wa'mi-tra, or Vfehwamltra, [from
the Sanscrit vfshwa, " all," and mttrd, a. " friend," called



* Etymologically related to the Greek dyxi. (Latin, conch*,)
havirg the same signification.



" the friend of all," perhaps on account of his being the
counsellor and friend of Rama, who was the general
friend of mankind,] a celebrated Hindoo sage, ho,
though originally a Kshatriya, became, by long and
painful austerities, a Brahman, or rather a Brahmarshi,
(i.e. " Brahman-rishi" or " Brahman saint") c.ne of a
particular class of rishis, in which character he was the
preceptor and counsellor of Rama.

See MOOR, "Hindu Pantheon;" WILSON, " SaivKrit-and- Eng-
lish Dictionary."

Vital, (ORDERIC.) See ORDERICUS VITALIS.

Vital de Blois, ve'til' deh blwi, [Lat. VITA'LIS
BLE'SIUS,] a Latin poet of the twelfth century, com-
posed in 1 186 a poem, " De Querulo," which was printed
in 1830.

Vi-ta-le-a'nus, [Fr. VITALIEN, ve'tiHe-aN',) Pope of
Rome, succeeded Eugenius I. in 657 A.D. He died in 672
A.D., and was succeeded by Deodatus II.

Vitalis. See SjdnERG.

Vitalis Ordericus. See ORDERICUS VITALIS.

Vite, della, del'la vee'ti, (TiMOTEO,) an Italian
painter, born at Urbino about 1470. He worked with
Raphael at Rome. Died about 1524.

Vitelli, ve-tel'lee, (ClAPlNO, cha-pee'no,) an Italian
general, born at Citti di Castello in the sixteenth cen-
tury. He entered the service of Philip II. of Spain,
and was employed under the Duke of Alva in the Low
Countries. Died in 1576.

See MOTLEY, " History of the Dutch Republic," vol. ii.

Vitelli or VI-telTI-us, (CORNELIO,) an Italian teacher
o) Greek, came to Oxford about 1488, in order, as Hal-
lam says, " to give that most barbarous university some
notion of what was going forward on the other side of
the Alps." (" Introduction to the Literature of Europe.")
He returned to Paris in 1489.

VI-tel'11-us, (AuLUS,) Emperor of Rome, born about
15 A.D. He was distinguished by the favour of Caligula,
Claudius, and Nero, and was appointed by Galba to
command the German legions. He was soon after pro-
claimed emperor by his army, and, Galba having been
put to death by the partisans of Otho, the empire was
now disputed between the latter and Vitellius. Otho
was defeated, and Vitellius recognized as emperor ; but,
Vespasian having been meanwhile proclaimed at Alex-
andria, his general Antonius Primus marched against
Rome, subdued the adherents of Vitellius, and put him
to death, (69 A.D.)

See SUETONIUS, "Vitellius ;" TACITUS, " History;" TILLBMONT,
" Histoire des Empereurs ;" FRANI HORN, " Historische Gernilde-
Galba, Otho, Vitellius," 1813.

Vitellius, (CORNELIO.) See VITELLI.

Vitello, ve-tel'lo, or Vitellio, ve-telle-o, a Polish
mathematician and philosopher of the thirteenth cen-
tury, was the author of several works, the principal of
which is a treatise on optics and geometry, entitled
"Vitellionis Perspectivae Libri decem."

Vitet, ve't4', (LUDOVIC,) a French litterateur and
statesman, born in Paris in 1802. He was appointed
in 1830 inspector-general of French antiquities, and in
1834 represented the department of Seine-InfeYieure in
the Chamber of Deputies. He published historical and
dramatical sketches, entitled " Les Barricades," (1826,)
"Les Etats de Blois," (1827,) and " La Mort de Henri
III.," (1829,) also an essay on " Eustache Le Sueur, his
Life and his Works," (1843.) He was admitted into the
French Academy in 1845. Died June 5, 1873.

Vithalnathji, vee-thal-nath'jee, a Hindoo religionist,
a son of Vallabha, (q. v.,) was born at Parnat in 1516,
and died in 1583. He left seven sons, all famous goo-
roos, or teachers, of the Vishnuvite religion. The mem-
bers of this family founded the so-called Maharajah sect,
notorious for the scandalous teachings and conduct of its
priests.

Vitl-gei became King of the Ostrogoths m 536 A.D.
He fought in Italy against Belisarius, who t&ok him
prisoner in 539 and carried him to Constantinople. He
died about three years later.

Vitikind. See WITIKIND.

Vitiza. See WITIZA.

Vitre, ve'tRa', (ANTOINE,) a French printer, born in
Paris about 1595. He was appointed director of the



as /6; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, />7//<r</; s as t; th as in rt.



Explanations, p. 23. 1



VITRINGA



2402



VIVIEN



royal printing-office by Colbert. Among the works which
he printed was the Polyglot Bible of Le Jay, (10 vols.,
1628-45,) celebrated for the beauty of the characters.
Died in 1674.

See AUG. BERNARD, "A. VitriS et les Caracteres Oriental!*,"
.-tc., 1850.

Vitringa, ve-tRing'gJ or ve-tRing'na, (CAMPEGIUS,)
a learned Dutch theologian, born at Leeuwarden in
1659, became successively professor of Oriental litera-
ture, theology, and sacred history at Franeker. He
was the author of Latin commentaries on various books
of the Scriptures, which are highly esteemed. The
Commentary on Isaiah ranks among the best works of
the kind. Died in 1722.^

Vitringa, (CAMPEGIUS,) a son of the preceding, was
born at Franeker in 1693. He became professor of
theology at Franeker in 1716, and had a high reputation,
He wrote several theological treatises. Died in 1723.

Vitrolles, de, deh ve'tRol', (EUGENE FRANCOIS
AUGUSTE d'Amaud daVno',) BARON, a French poli-
tician, born near Aix in 1774. He was a royalist, and
took an active .part in the intrigues which preceded the
restoration of the Bourbons in 1814. He was raised to
the peerage in January, 1830. Died in 1854.

Vitruve. See VITRUVIUS.

Vitruvio. See VITRUVIUS.

VT-tru'vI-us, [Fr. VITRUVE, ve'tRiiv'; It. VITRUVIO,
ve-tRoo've-o,] or, more fully, Mar'cus Vl-tru'vl-us
Fol'U-o, a celebrated Roman architect and writer, of
whom little is known. He served as a military engineer
in his youth, and was employed under Julius Czsar in
Africa in 46 B.C. He designed a basilica or temple at
Fanum. In the reign of Augustus he was inspector of
military engines. He wrote in old age a work on archi-
tecture, in ten books, ("De Architectural') which is
highly esteemed as a text-book, and is the only ancient
treatise on the subject that has come down to us. His
work has been translated into English by R. Castell,
(1730,) and by W. Newton, (1771-91.)

See B. BALDS, " Vita Vitruvii," 1612; POLENI, " Exercitationea
Vitruvianz," 1739-41: QUATRBMBRB DB QUINCY, " Dictiunnaire
des Architectes ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Vitry. See JAMES DE VITRY.

Vitry, de, deh ve'tRe', (EoouARD.) a French philolo-
gist and numismatist, born about 1670. He wrote a
number of dissertations. He visited Rome in 1724.

Vitry, de, (Louis de 1'Hospital deh lo'pe'tll',)
MARQUIS, a French general, was a partisan of the League
after the death of Henry III. Died in 1611.

Vitry, de, (NICOLAS DE L'HOSPITAL,) MARQUIS, a
son of the preceding, was born in 1581. He was one of
those who assassinated Concini in 1617, and was re-
warded for that act with the rank of marshal of France.
Died in 1644.

Vittorelli, vet-to-rel'lee, or Vettorelli, v?t-to-rel'lee,
(ANDREA,) an Italian author and priest, born at Bassano
in the latter part of the sixteenth century. He had a
high reputation as a writer. Died after 1632.

Vittoria Colonna. See COLONNA.

Vittorino da Feltre, vet-to-ree'no dj fel'tRa, [Fr.
VICTORIN DE FELTRE, vek'to'ran' deh f?ltR,] a cele-
brated Italian teacher, born at Feltre in 1379, became
professor of rhetoric and philosophy at Padua. He
afterwards presided over a school at Mantua, where he
numbered among his pupils George of Trebizond, Theo-
dore Gaza, and other eminent men. His system of
education, which included gymnastics, is highly com-
mended by contemporary writers. Died in 1447.

See RACHELI, " Intorno a Vittorino da Feltre." 1832 ; BBNO!T,
"Victorin de Feltre," 1853 ; CARLO DHRosMlNi, " Idea dell'ottimo
Precettore nella Vita di Vittorino da Feltre," 1801.

Vittorio Amedeo. See VICTOR AMADEUS.

Vi'tus, [Fr. GUI, |e ; Eng. GUY, gi ; Lat GUI'DO ;
Ger. VEIT, fit,] SAINT, a Sicilian child-martyr of the early
part of the fourth century. His parents were heathens,
but he was instructed in Christianity by his nurse Cres-
centia and her husband Modestus. His father, Hylas,
having given him up to the magistrate for punishment as a
Christian, he escaped with his nurse and her husband to
Lucania, but while there was put to death under Dio-
cletian. He, with Crescentia and Modestus, is honoured



on June 15 in the Latin Church. This saint was believed
to grant relief to his devotees from the dancing malady,
or tarantism, of the middle ages: hence our term " Saint
Vitus's dance."

Vivaldi, ve-vll'dee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian composer
and eminent violinist, born at Venice in the seventeenth
century; died in 1743.

Vivant, ve'vdn', (FRANCOIS,) a French priest, born
in Paris in 1663, became canon of Notre-Dame at Paris,
grand vicar, and grand chorister or precentor, in 1730.
He wrote several works on theology. Died in 1739.

Vivares, ve'vfR', (FRANCOIS,) a French engraver,
born near Montpellier in 1712. He studied landscape-
engraving in England, and executed a number of prints,
after Claude Lorrain, which are esteemed master-pieces
of the kind. Died in 1782.

Vivarini,ve-va-ree'nee,(ANTONlo,)an Italian painter,
of Murano, near Venice. He was a brother of Barto-
lommeo, and worked about 1450. His works are richly
coloured.

Vivarini, (BARTOLOMMEO,) a Venetian painter of the
fifteenth century, was one of the first artists in Venice
who employed oil-colours.

Vivarini, (Luici,) lived in the fifteenth century, and
attained a high reputation as a painter. There are several
of his works in the Venetian Academy. He worked as
late as 1490.

Vivens. de, deh VC'V&N', (FRANCOIS,) a French sa-
vant and writer, born near Clairac in 1697. He wrote
on agriculture, physics, etc. Died in 1780.

Vives, vee'ves, (JOHN Louis,) [called in Latin LUDO-
vi'cus Vi'vus,] a Spanish scholar, born at Valencia in
1492. He studied at the University of Louvain, where
he afterwards became professor of the Latin language.
He was subsequently invited to England by Henry VIII.,
who appointed him tutor to the princess Mary. Having
opposed the divorce of Catherine of Aragon, he was
imprisoned several months, and on his release settled at
Bruges, in the Netherlands. He was an intimate friend
of Erasmus and Budaeus, and the three have been called
a triumvirate in the republic of letters, equally eminent
for talents and learning. Among the principal works of
Vives are Latin treatises " On the Truth of the Christian
Faith, ""On the Soul and Life," and "On the Causes
of the Arts being Corrupted," (" De Causis Corrupta-
rum Artium.'') Died in 1540.

See BOSCH-KEMPBR, " J. L. Vives geschetst als christelijk Phi-
lantroop," 1851 ; NAMBCHB, "M^moire sur la Vie et les ficrits de
J. L. Vives ;" N. ANTONIO, " Bibliotheca Hispana Nova :" NICBRON,
"M^moires;" DUPIN, "Auteurs eccle'siastiques;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Vivt-an, (RICHARD HUSSEY Vivian,) LORD, an
English general, born in 1775. He served under Moore
at Corunna in 1808, became a colonel in 1812, and dis-
tinguished himself in the Peninsular war in 1813. With
the rank of major-general, he commanded a brigade of
cavalry at Waterloo. He was raised to the peerage in
1841. Died in 1842.

Viviani, ve-ve-a'nee, (VINCENZO,) a celebrated Italian
mathematician and engineer, born at Florence in April,
1622. He was a pupil of Galileo, after whose death
(1642) he studied under Torricelli. About 1662 he was
appointed chief engineer by the Grand Duke of Tus-
cany. He acquired a wide reputation by his attempt to
restore the fifth book of Apollonius on Conic Sections, in
his "Geometrical Conjectures concerning Maximnms
and Minimums," (" De Maximis et Minimis geometrica
Divinatio," 1659.) In 1674 he published "The Fifth
Book of the Elements of Euclid, or the Universal Sci-
ence of Proportion explained according to the Doctrin*
of Galileo." Died at Florence in 1703.

'See FABRONI, "Vita: Italoram doctrina cxcellentium," vol. L;
FONTBNELLE, " Eloge de Viviani;" NICERON, "Me'moires;" TlA-
BOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana;" "Nouvelle Biographir
Ge'ne'ralc."

Vivien, ve've^N'.f A LEXANDRE FRANCOIS AUGUSTE,)
an able French lawyer and writer, born in Paris in 1799.
He was a member of the Chamber of Deputies from
1833 to 1848, and was minister of justice from March to
October, 1840. In 1845 ne published "Administrative
Studies," which procured his admission into the Acad-
emy of Moral and Political Sciences. Died in 1854.



. e. I. fi, u, y, ha?; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a. e, i, o, u, y, short;*, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; not; good; moon;



VIVIEN



2403



VOGEL



Vivien, (JOSEPH,) a French portrait-painter, born at
Lyons in 1657. He painted mostly in pastel, (crayon,)
and gained a high reputation. He received the title of
first painter to the Elector of Bavaria, at whose court
he worked many years. Died at Bonn in 1735.

Vivien de Saint-Martin, ve've-J.N' deh saN miR'-
tas', (Louis,) a French geographer and historian, born
at Saint-Martin-de-Fontenay, May 17, 1802. He pub-
lished, besides several works of geography, a " History
of the French Revolution," (4 vols., 1841,) a " History
of the Geographical Discoveries of European Nations,
(2 or 3 vols., 1845-46,) and a " New Dictionary of Geog-
raphy," (1879 it seq.) Died in 1897.

Vivonne, ve'von', (Louis VICTOR de Rochechou-
art d?h rosh'shoo'iR',) Due de Montemart et de Vi-
vonne, a French general and courtier, born in 1636,
was a brother of Madame de Montespan. He was ap-
pointed in 1675 Viceroy of Sicily, which was then the
seat of war between the French and Spaniards. He
gained a decisive naval victory near Palermo in 1676.
Died in 1688.

SeeCoMTE DH ROCHECHOUART, " Hisloire de la Maison de Roche
thouart," 1859 ; SAINT-SIMON, " Me'moires ;" DANGKAU, " Journal. "

Viyasa. See VY^SA.

Vizin, von, fon or von vee'zin, written also Visin,
and WiBin, (and sometimes Von-Vezin,) (DENIS
IVANOVITCH,) a celebrated Russian dramatist, born at
Moscow in 1745, was the author of comedies entitled
"The Brigadier" and "The Spoiled Youth," which
obtained great popularity. He also translated Voltaire's
" Alzire," and made other versions from the French and
German. Died in 1792.

Vizzani, vet-sl'nee, (PoMPEO,) an Italian historian,
born at Bologna in 1540. He wrote a "History of
Bologna," (1596.) Died in 1607.

Vlaccus. See VLACQ.

Vlacq, vlak, [Lat. VLAC'CUS,] (ADRIAAN,) a Dutch
mathematician and printer, flourished about 1620-40.
He distinguished himself in the computation of loga-
rithms, and published "Tables of Sines, Tangents,
Logarithms," etc.

Vladimir or Wladimir, vlad'e-meer, [Polish and
Russian pron. vla-dee'mir,] surnamed THE GREAT, Grand
Duke of Russia, was an illegitimate son of Svatoslaf,
who, on dividing his dominions, gave him Novgorod
for his share, about 972. He afterwards made war on
his brother Yaropolk, whom he defeated and put to
death, thus becoming sole monarch of the empire. He
was a warlike and powerful prince, and the first Chris-
tian sovereign of Russia. In 988 he demanded in mar-
riage the Greek princess Anna, (a sister of the emperors
Basil and Constantine,) and sent an army to the Crimea
to support his demand. He obtained the princess, and,
at the same time, adopted the religion of the Greek
Church, which he established in Russia. He zealously
opposed idolatry, and built churches and schools. Died
in 1015.

See KARAMZIN, "History of Russia."

Vlad'imir or Wladimir, (ANDREIOWITCH,) a brave
Russian prince, was a nephew of Ivan II. At the death
of Ivan, in 1364, he might have succeeded, but he yielded
the throne to Dmitri. He gained a great victory over
the Tartars at Koolikof (Kulikow) in 1380. Died in 1410.

Vladimir Mo-nom'a-ehos, [Fr. VLADIMIR MONO-
MAQUE, fli'de'meR' mo'iio'mik',] a celebrated monarch
of Russia, born about 1052, was a great-grandson of
Vladimir the Great. He began to reign at Kief about
1 1 12. His wife was a daughter of Harold, King of
England. He was renowned for his martial exploits and
his wisdom and goodness. His reign was very pros-
perous. Died in 1 1 26.

See KARAMZIN, " History of Russia."

Vladislas OK HUNGARY. See LADISLAUS.

Vlad'ia-laus, written also Vladislas and Ladislafl
or Ladislaus, [Polish, WLADISLAW, vla'de-slaf,| L, King
of Poland, born about 1044, succeeded his brother Bo-
leslaus in 1082. Died in 1 102 or 1 103.

Vladislaus or Ladislaus H. was a son of Boleslaw
or Boleslaus III. He began to reign in 1139, and was
deposed by the Diet in 1146. Died about 1162.

Vladislaus or Ladislaus TTT or IV., King of Po



and, began to reign in 1296, was deposed in 1300, and
restored in 1305. He defeated the Teutonic knights. He
died in 1333, and was succeeded by his son, Casimir the
jreat.

Vladislaus or Ladislaus IV. or V., King of Po-
and, was Jagellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania. He
obtained the crown of Poland in 1386 by marriage with
Hedwig, the heiress of the former king. At the same
time he renounced paganism and joined the Catholic
Church. He waged war against the Teutonic knights.
Died in 1434.

Vladislaus or Ladislaus V. or VL, a son of the
^receding, was born about 1423, or, as some say, 1400.
He was a famous warrior, and became King of Hungary.

ee LADISLAS IV. or V.)

Vladislav. See VLADISLAUS.

Vlaming, vll'ming, (PETER,) a Dutch poet, born at
Amsterdam in 1686. He produced a poetical version
of Sannazaro's "Arcadia," and some original poems.
Died in 1733.

Vlerick, vla'rik, (PETER,) a Flemish painter, born at
Courtrai in 1539. He studied under Tintoretto in
Venice, and worked at Rome. In 1569 he settled at
Tournay. Died in 1581.

Vliet, van, vSn vleet, (HENDRIK,) a Dutch painter of
history, landscapes, and portraits, lived about 1650-1700.

Vlitius, vlee'se-us, or Van Vliet, (JoHN,) a Dutch
philologist and poet, lived at the Hague and at Breda,
lie was appointed recorder or registrar of Breda in
1651. He wrote Latin poems, and other works, among
which is " Old and New Hunting of J. Vlitius," (" fani
Vlitii Venatio novixntiqua," 1645.) Died in 1666.

Vocht, (KARL.) See VOGT.

Voeroesmarty. See VOROSMARTY.

Voet, voot, (DANIEL,) a son of Gisbert, noticed
below, was born at Heusden in 1629. He became pro-
fessor of philosophy at Utrecht, and wrote " Meletemata
Philosophica et Physiologica," (1661.) Died in 1660.

Voet, [Lat. VOE'TIUS,] (GlSBERT,) an eminent Dutch
scholar and theologian, born at Heusden in 1589 or
1588. Having studied at Leyden, he became professor
of theology and Oriental languages at Utrecht in 1634.
He was engaged in frequent and violent controversies


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 377 of 425)