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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Wadsworth, widz'wprth, (BENJAMIN,) an American
clergyman, born at Milton, Massachusetts, about 1670.
He preached in Boston for many years, and became
president of Harvard College in 1725. Died in 1737.

Wadsworth, (/AMES,) a wealthy American land-
holder, born at Durham, Connecticut, in 1768. He re-
moved at an early age to Western New York, where he
purchased a la.-ge tract near the Genesee River. He
was instrumental in founding the State Normal School,
and was a generous patron of the cause of education.
Died in 1844.

Wadsworth, (JAMES SAMUEL,) an American general,
born at Geneseo, Livingston county, New York, in Oc-
tober, 1807, was a son of the preceding. He was edu-
cated at Harvard and Yale Colleges, studied law under
Daniel Webster, and was admitted to the bar in 1833.
He inherited an immense landed estate situated in
Western New York, and, like his father, was a liberal
patron of the cause of education. He enlisted as a
volunteer early in 1861, was appointed a brigadier-gene-
ral in August, and became military governor of the Dis-
trict of Columbia in March, 1862. In November, 1862,
he was the Republican candidate for Governor of New
York, but was not elected. He commanded a division
at the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862, and
at Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. He was killed at the
battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864.

"The country's salvation," says H. Greeley, "claimed
no nobler sacrifice than that of James S. Wadsworth,
of New York. . . . No one surrendered more for his
country's sake, or gave his life more joyfully for her

Sec GRKKLKY, " American Conflict," vol. ii. pp. 568, 569.

Wadsworth, (PELEG,) an American general, born
at Duxbury, Massachusetts, in 1748. He served with
distinction in the Revolutionary war, and represented a
district of Massachusetts in Congress from 1792 to 1806.
Died in Oxford county, Maine, in 1829.


Waechtler. See WACHTLER.

Wael or Waal, de, deh wSl or vSl, (CORNELIUS,) a
Flemish battle-painter, born at Antwerp in 1594, was a
son of John de Wael, noticed below. He resided many
years at Genoa, where he executed a number of excel-
lent pictures, consisting chiefly cf sej-fi?hts and other
battles. Died in 1662.

Wael, de, (JOHN,) a Flemish painter, born at Ant-
werp in 1558, attained distinction in the departments of
portrait and historical painting. Died in 1633.

Wael, de, (LUCAS,) born at Antwerp in 1591, was a
brother of Cornelius, noticed above, whom he accom-
panied to Genoa. He painted landscapes both in oil-
colours and fresco, which were highly esteemed. Died
in 1676.

Wa'fer, (LIONEL,) an English surgeon, who accom-
panied Dampier on one of his voyages, and, having
quarrelled with him, was left on the Isthmus of Darien.
He published after his return an account of his adven-
tures among the Indians, (1690.)

Wafflard, vS'fltR', (ALEXIS JACQUES MARIE,)
French dramatist, born at Versailles in 1787. Among
his works are "A Moment of Imprudence," (1819,) and
a "Voyage to Dieppe," (1821.) Died in 1824.

Waga,vJ'ga, (THEODORE,) a Polish historian, born
in Mazovia in 1739. He wrote a " History of Poland,"
(1770.) Died in 1801.

Wagenaar, wS'geli-nlr' or wa'Heh-nar', (JAN,) an
eminent Dutch historian, born at Amsterdam in 1709.
He was the author of a history of the Netherlands,
entitled "De Vaderlandsche Historie vervattende de
Geschiedenissen der vereenigde Nederlanden," etc.,
(21 vols., 1749-59,) and other historical works. Died
in 1773.

See P. HUISINGA BAKKER, " Het Leven van J. Wagenaar," 1776

Wagenseil, wa'gen-zil', [Lat. WAGENSEIL'IUS,) (Jo-
HANN CHRISTOPH,) a German scholar, born at Nurem-
berg in 1633. He became professor of history at Altdorl
in 1667, and was afterwards appointed tutor to the
counts-palatine. He published a number of critical,
antiquarian, and controversial treatises, in Latin, among
which we may name his " Tela Ignea Satanae," in refu-
tation of the Jewish writers against Christianity. Died
in 1705.

See F. ROTH-SCHOLTZ, "Vita J. C. Wagenseilii," 1819; Nici-
RON, " Memoires."

Wagenseilius. See WAGENSEIL,

Wa'ger, (Sir CHARLES,) an English admiral, born in
1666, served in the war of the Spanish succession. In
1708, with four ships, he defeated seventeen Spanish
galleons near Carthagena, South America. For this
exploit he was made a rear-admiral. He afterwards
commanded a fleet in the Mediterranean till the peace
of 1713. He was first lord of the admiralty in the min-
istry of Sir Robert Walpole from 1732 to 1742. About
1731 he was raised to the rank of admiral. Died in 1743.

WagTiorn, (Lieutenant THOMAS,) R.N., an English
naval officer, born in Kent in 1800. He served in India
in the Arracan war, and in 1827 applied to the govern-
ment for assistance in carrying out a project he had
conceived of opening communication by steam between
Great Britain and the East Indies. He expended much
time and energy in this useful enterprise, and was at
length successful. The result of his labours is the Over-
land mail-route through Suez and the Red Sea. Died
in 1850.

Wagner, wao'ner, (CHRISTIAN,) a German scholar
and preacher, born at Leipsic in 1663. He wrote a
"Thesis on the Number of Worlds," ("Thesis de Nu-
mero Mundorum.") Died in 1693.

'Wagner, (ERNST,) a German novelist and poet, born
in 1769, published " Wilibald's Views of Life," (2 vols.,
1805,) "The Travelling Painter," (2 vols., 1806,) " Isi-
dora," (3 vols., 1812,) and other works. Died in 1812.

See F. MOSHNGKIL, " Briefe iiber E. Wagner," etc., 2 vols., 1826-

philologist, born at Schb'nbninn, in Saxony, in 1794,
published, among other works, a treatise on "The
Greek Tragedy and the Theatre at Athens," (1844.)

Wagner, (GoTTLOB HEINRICH ADOLF,) a German
writer and translator, born at Leipsic in 1774. He pub-
lished "Two Epochs of Modern Poetry," etc., (1806,)
and other original works, and translated into German
Byron's " Manfred," and Coxe's " History of the House
of Austria," the latter in conjunction with Dippold.
Died in 1835.

Wagner, (HERMANN,) a German geographer, born at
Erlangen, June 23, 1840. He was educated at Gottingen
and Erlangen, and became one of the editors of the
" Almanach de Gotha ." He acquired fame as one of the
editors (with Dr. Behm) of the celebrated " Die Bevol-
kerung der Erde" ("The Population of the Earth") and
of a " Geographische Jahrbuch," (" Geographical Year-
Book.") In 1876 he became professor of geography in
the University of Kbnigsberg.

Wagner, wac'ner, (JoHANN JAKOB,) a Swiss natural-
ist, born near Zurich in 1641. He wrote (in Latin) a
"Natural History of Switzerland," (1680.) Died in 1695.

Wagner, (JOHANN JAKOB,) a German philosopher,
born at Ulm in 1775, became professor of philosophy at
Wu'rzburg. He published, besides other works, "On
the Nature of Things," (1803,) a "System of Ideal Phi-
los-'phy," (1804,) "Theodicee," (1809,) and "Organon
der menschlichen Erkenntniss," (1830.) Died in 1841.

See P. L. ADAM and A. KOELLE, " J. J. Wagner, Lebensnach-
richlen und Briefe," 1848.

Wagner, (LuowiG FRIEDRICH,) a German antiquary
and jurist, born at Tiibingen in 1700; died in 1789.

as k; c. as s; g hard; g as/- G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (JJi^See Explanations, p. 23.




TT^agner, (MoRlTZ,) a German traveller, born at
Baireuth in 1813, published "Travels in the Kingdom
of Algiers," etc., (1841,) "The Caucasus and the
Land of the Cossacks," (1848,) "Journey to Persia and
Kurdistan," (1852,) and other works. Died in 1887.

Wagner, (RICHARD,) a distinguished German com-
poser, born at Leipsic in 1813. He was appointed chapel-
master at Dresden in 1843. Among his principal works
are the operas of " Rienzi," (1842,) "Tanhauser," (1845,)
" Lohengrin," (:85i,) and " Rheingold," (1869.) In 1876
he brought out at Baireuth his " tetralogy," composed
of " Rheingold," " Valkyria," " Siegfried," and " The
Twilight of the Gods." In 1882 appeared his opera of
"Parseval." Died February 13, 1883.

Wagner, (RUDOLF,) a German physician and anato-
mist, brother of Moritz, noticed above, was born at
Baireuth in 1805. He succeeded Blumenbach as pro-
fessor of physiology at Gbttingen in 1840. He published,
among other works, a treatise "On the Comparative
Physiology of the Blood," (1833,) a "Manual of Com-
parative Anatomy," (1834,) and "Icones Physiologicae,"
(1839.) Died in 1864.

Wagner, (RUDOLF JOHANNES,) a German chemist
and technologist, born at Leipsic, February 13, 1823.
He studied chemistry in Leipsic and in Paris, and held
professorships in Nuremberg and Wiirzburg, becoming
in 1858 inspector of technical studies for Bavaria. Among
his writings are " Lehrbuch der Chemie," (1850,) " Lehr-
buch der chemischen Technologic," (1850,) " Geschichte
der Chemie," (1854,) " Handbuch der Technologic,"
(1856 ; 5th vol., 1863,) and " Die chemische Fabrikindus-
trie," (1867.) Died in 1880.

Wagner, (TOBIAS,) a German theologian and writer,
born in Wurtemberg in 1598. He was professor of
theology at Tubingen. Died in 1680.

Wagner, (WILHELM,) a German philologist, born at
Steinau, May n, 1843. He studied at Berlin and Bonn,
and was a teacher in England and at Hamburg. He
published, mainly with English notes, many ancient and
mediaeval Greek texts, and also issued several books
on Shakspeare, including his works, with critical notes.
He also published other annotated editions of English
authors, partly with German notes. Died at Naples,
April 15, 1880. His special field of study was mediaeval
Greek literature. Plato, Terence, and Plautus were also
authors whose writings were in part annotated by him.

Wagner, von, fon wac'ner, (JoHANN MARTIN,) :
German sculptor, born at Wiirzburg in 1777; died in

Wagniere, vJn'ye-aiR', (JEAN Louis,) a Swiss littl-
rateur, born in 1739. He became secretary to Voltaire
about 1756, and gained his confidence. In conjunction
with Longchamp, he wrote " Memoirs on Voltaire and
his Works," (2 vols., 1825.) Died after 1787.


Wag'staff, (WILLIAM,) F.R.S., an English physician
and humorous writer, born in Buckinghamshire in 1685 ;
died in 1725.

Wagstaffe, wig'staf, (THOMAS,) an English divine,
born in Warwickshire in 1645. He published a "Vin-
dication of King Charles I.," etc., and a number of ser-
mons. Died in 1712.

Wahhab or Wahab, (Abdul.) See ABD-EL-WA-


Wahl, wil, (CHRISTIAN ALBRECHT,) a German
theologian, born at Dresden in 1773. He published a
" Historical and Practical Introduction to the Biblical
Writings," (1820,) and other similarworks. Died in 1855.

Wahl, von, fon wil, (JOACHIM CHRISTIAN,) COUNT,
a German general, distinguished in the Thirty Years'
war, in which he fought for the Catholics or Imperialists.
He commanded with success in the Upper Palatinate in
1634, after which he took Baireuth, Augsburg, and other
places. Died in 1644.

Wahlberg, wil'bJRG, (PETER FREDERIK,) a Swedish
naturalist, born at Gothenburg in 1800. He wrote on
botany, and succeeded Berzelius as perpetual secretary
of the Swedish Academy of Sciences. Died in 1877.

Wahlbom, wil'bom, (JOHANN WILHELM CARL,) a
Swedish painter, born at Calmar in 1810; died in 1858.

Wahlenberg, wi'len-bfRG', (GEORG,) a Swedish

botanist, born in the province of Wermland in 1780. He
visited Lapland and other northern regions of Europe,
and subsequently became professor of botany and medi-
cine at Upsal. Among his principal works are his
" Flora Lapponica," " Flora Carpatorum," and " Flora
Suecica." Died in 185 1.

Waiblinger, wi'bling-er, (WILHELM FRIEDRICH,) a
German litttrateur, born at Reutlingen in 1804 ; died
in 1830.

Waifer, wi'fer, [Fr. pron. v^'faiR',] Duke of Aqui-
taine, born about 725 A.D., began to reign in 745. His
dominions were invaded in 760 by Pepin le Bref, against
whom he fought without success. He was assassinated
by order of Pepin le Bref in 768 A.D.

Wailly, de, deh vi'ye', (ARM AND FRANCOIS LBON.)
a French litterateur and critic, born in Paris in 1804, was
a grandson of Charles, noticed below. He wrote a
novel, entitled " Stella and Vanessa," (1846,) and trans-
lated the works of Sir Walter Scott and other English
authors. Died in 1863.

Wailly, de, (CHARLES,) a distinguished French ar-
chitect, born in Paris in 1729. He gained the grand
prize of Rome in 1752, was admitted into the Academy
of Painting as a designer in 1771, and was the chief
founder of the Society of " Amis des Arts." Died in

Wailly, de, (TIENNE AUGUSTIN,) a French littlra-
teur, born in Paris in 1770, was a son of Noel Fran9ois,
noticed below. He became praviseur of the Lyc^e Napo-
Won. Died in 1821.

His son, ALFRED BARTHELEMI, born in Paris in 1800,
published a Latin-French Dictionary, (1829,) and a
French-Latin Dictionary, (1832.) Died in 1869.

Wailly, de, (JOSEPH NOEL,) a French scholar, a
brother of Armand Francois L^on, was born at Mezierea
in 1805. He published, Besides other works, " Elements
of Palaeography," (2 vols., 1838.) Died in 1886.

Wailly, de, (NOEL FRANCOIS,) a French schoVar and
writer, the father of fitienne Augustin, noticed above,
was born at Amiens in 1724. He was the author of a
work entitled " General and Particular Principles of the
French Language," " Abridgment of the Dictionary of
the Academy," " Principles of the Latin Language,"
" Dictionary of Rhymes," and " Select Histories from
the New Testament." Died in 1801.

Wain'wright, (RICHARD,) an American naval
officer, born at Washington in 1849, (son of Com-
mander Richard Wainwright, who died on the Missis-
sippi in 1862, while in command of Farragul's flag-
ship, the Hartford.) He graduated at the Naval
Academy in 1868, rose to the rank of lieutenant-com-
mander, and was executive officer of the Maine when
that ship was blown up in Havana harbour. In the
conflict with Cervera's fleet, he, in command of the
Gloucester, attacked and sunk the two Spanish tor-
pedo-boat destroyers.

Waite, wit, (MORRISON REMICH,) LL.D., an Ameri-
can jurist, born at Lyme, Connecticut, November 29,
1816. He graduated at Yale College in 1837, and be-
came a prominent lawyer of Ohio. In 1874 he was ap-
pointed chief justice of the United States Supreme Court
Died March 23, 1888.

Waltz, wits, (GEORG,) a German writer, born in 1813,
published several historical works, among which is a
" History of the German Constitution." Died in 1886.

Wa'jeed' Al'ee, called Akh'tar, ("eunuch,") the
last king of Oude, succeeded his father, Umjud Alee
Shah, in 1842, and in 1856 was deprived of his throne by
the East India Company on account of his profligacy and
wretched misgovernment. After his dethronement he
lived at Calcutta on a large pension. He wrote much
verse in the rustic dialect of Oude. Died in 1887.

Wake, (CHARLES STANILAND,) an anthropologist,
born in England in 1835. He is connected with the
Field Columbian Museum at Chicago. His works in-
clude "The Evolution of Morality," "Development
of Marriage and Kinship," " Serpent Worship," etc.

Wake, (WILLIAM,) an English prelate and theolo-
gian, born in Dorsetshire in 1657. He was successively

i, e, I, o, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; $, e, I, o, \\, ?, short; a, e, i, Q. obscure: fir, fill, fat; m!t; not; good;





created Dean of Exeter, Bishop of Lincoln, and Arch-
bishop of Canterbury, (1716.) He was the author of an
" Exposition of the Doctrine of the Church of England,"
"An English Version of the Genuine Epistles of the
Apostolic Fathers," and a number of sermons and con-
troversial works. Died in #737.

Wakedi, Al, (Mohammed.) See WAKIDEE.

Wakefield, wak'feld, (EDWARD GIBBON,) an Eng-
lish writer on colonization and political economy, pub-
lished, among other works, " England and America : a
Comparison of the Social and Political State of Both
Nations," ( 1 833,) and " View of the Art of Colonization."
He became in 1837 the founder of the New Zealand
Association. Died in 1862.

See " Eraser's Magazine" for March, 1849.

Wakefield, (GILBERT,) an English scholar and theo-
logian, born at Nottingham in 1756. He studied at
Jesus College, Cambridge, and took the degree of B.A.
in 1776. He became master of the Dissenting Academy
at Warrington in 1779, and published soon after "A
Plain and Short Account of the Nature of Baptism," ana
a " New Translation of the Gospel of Saint Matthew,"
(1782.) These works were followed by " Remarks on
the Internal Evidence of the Christian Religion," (1789,)
and " Philological Commentary on the Sacred and Profane
Authors," (" Silva Critica, sive in Auctores sacros pro-
fanosque Commentarius Philologus,") a fifth part of
which appeared in 1795. ^ e published in 1791 his
" Translation of the New Testament, with Notes," and
"An Inquiry into the Expediency and Propriety of
Public or Social Worship." The latter caused consid-
erable sensation, and elicited several replies. His " Re-
ply to Some Parts of the Bishop of LlandafTs Address"
caused him to be imprisoned two years, during which
time he wrote his critical essays entitled " Noctes Car-
cerariae," ("Prison Nights.") He died in 1801, leaving
among his numerous works an edition of Lucretius,
which is still esteemed.

See his " Autobiographic Memoirs of the First Thirty-Six Years
of the Life of G. Wakefield," 1792 ; " Monthly Review" for October,

an American poetess, born at Hinsdale, New Hampshire,
in 1837. Her maiden name was PRIEST. Her fame
rests chiefly on the poem " Over the River," published
in 1857. She was married in 1865, and died at Win-
chendon, Massachusetts, September 20, 1870.

Wakefield, (Mrs. PRISCILLA,) an English educational
writer, born in 1750. She was the author of an " Intro-
duction to Botany," (1796,) "Reflections on the Present
Condition of the Female Sex, with Hints for its Im-
provement," (1798,) "Juvenile Traveller," (1801,) "Do-
mestic Recreation," (1805,) "The Traveller in Africa,"
and various other works. Died in 1832.

Wakefield, (ROBERT,) an English linguist and priest,
was professor of Hebrew at Oxford. He wrote a para-
phrase of Ecclesiastes, and other works. Died in 1537.

Wakidee or WakidS, wa'ki-dee', written also Wa-
qidy, an Arabian writer, born at Medina in 748 A.D. ;
died at Bagdad in 823. He made a collection of the
traditions concerning Mohammed and those of his fol-
lowers who fought at Bedr, called " Tabakat-Kebeer," (or
" -Kebir,") the " great series" or " order of events." It
consists of biographies arranged in chronological order.
His life of the prophet has been pronounced by compe-
tent critics to be the best by far that has been written.

Walaeus, wa-la'ds, or Wale, wa'leh, (ANTOON,) a
Dutch Protestant minister, born at Ghent in 1573. He
was a prominent member of the Synod of Dort, and
became professor of theology at Leyden. Died in 1639.

Walaeus, (JAN,) a physician, a son of the preceding,
was born about 1604. He is said to have made some
discoveries on the circulation of the blood. Died at
Leyden in 1649.

Walafridus, w61-a-free'dus or ftal'a-free'dus, or
Walafried, wi'la-fReef, written also Walhafredus,
a learned German monk, surnamed STRA'BUS, or
" Squint-eyed," was the author of a theological essay,
entitled " De Officiis Divinis,"etc, " Hortulus," a treat
ise on botany, (in Latin verse,) and other works. Died
in 849.

Walbaum, wal'bSwm, (JOHANN JULIUS,) a German
! physician and writer, born at Wolfenbiittel in 1724;
died in 1799.

Walch, walK, [Lat. WAL'CHIUS,] (CHRISTIAN WIL-
HELM FRANZ,) second son of Johann Georg, noticed
below, was born at Jena in 1726. He was the author of
several valuable works on ecclesiastical history, theology,
and ancient literature ; among the most important of
these are his " History of the Jewish Patriarchs men-
tioned in Books of Roman Law," " Compendium of the
most Modern Ecclesiastical History," (both in Latin,)
and a " History of Heresies, Schisms, and Religious
I Controversies down to the Reformation," (in German,
II vols., 1762.) Died in 1784.

Walch, JOHANN ERNST IMMANUEL,) son of Johann
Georg, noticed below, was born at Jena in 1725. He be-
came professor of theology in his native city, and pub-
lished a number of critical and theological works, also
several valuable treatises on mineralogy. Died in 1778.

See HENNINGS, "Leben des Professors J. E. I. Walch," 1780.

Walch, [Lat, WAL'CHIUS,] (JOHANN GEORG,) a Ger-
man scholar and theologian, born at Meiningen in 1693,
became successively professor of philosophy, eloquence,
and theology at Jena. He published a " Philosophical
Lexicon," (1726,) "Introduction to the Theological Sci-
ences," (1747,) " Theologia Patristica," (1770,) and othei
works. Died in 1775.

His son KARL FRIEDRICH became professor of law at
Jena, and was the author of several legal treatise*. He
was born in 1734, and died in 1799.

Walcher, walK'er, (JOSEPH,) an Austrian Jesuit,

I noted for his skill in hydraulics and mechanics, wai

born at Linz in 1718. He was professor of mechanics

j in a college of Vienna, and wrote several works. Died

in 1803.

Walchius. See WALCH.

Walckenaer, vIl'keh-naR', (CHARLES Athanase
S'tt'nSz',) BARON, an eminent French writer and savant,
born in Paris in 1771. He was admitted into the Insti-
tute in 1813, and appointed perpetual secretary of tha
Academy of Inscriptions in 1840. Among his principal
works are his " Histoire de la Vie et des Ouvrages de
J. de La Fontaine," (1820,) " Histoire ginerale des Vo-
yages," (21 vols., 1826-31, unfinished,) " Natural History
of Insects," (3 vols., 1836-44,) "Ancient Geography,
Historical and Comparative, of the Gauls," (3 vols.,
1839,) which is highly esteemed, "History of the Life
and Poems of Horace," (2 vols., 1840,) and "Me'moires
touchant la Vie et les Ecrits de Madame de SevigneV'
(5 vols., 1842-52.) He contributed many able articles
to the " Biographic Universelle." In his youth he had
inherited an ample fortune. He was appointed prefect
of Nievre in 1826, and held other high offices. Died
in 1852.

See QrrtRARD, " La France Litte'raire ;" NAUDET, " Notice Mi-
torique sur Walckenaer," 1852; SAINTE-BBUVE, " Causeries da
Lundi ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'n^rale."

Walckendort walk'en-doRf , (CHRISTOPH,) a Dan-
ish statesman, born at Copenhagen about 1525. He
rendered important services as minister of finance in
the reign of Frederick II., (1558-88.) Died in 1601.

Wal'cott, (CHARLES DOOLITTLE,) an American
geologist, born at New York Mills, New York, in 1850.
He studied geology, was assistant on the New York
and afterwards on the United States Geological Survey,
and became director of the latter in 1894. He is the
author of " The Trilobite," " The Cambrian Faunas
of North America," etc.

an English divine and antiquarian, born at Bath in 1822.
He was the author of " Memorials of Westminster,"
" Cathedrals of the United Kingdom," " Sacred Archae-
ology, a Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Art," etc. Died in
London, December 22, 1880.

Waldarfer, wal'daR'fer, sometimes written Valdar-
fer or Baldorfer, (CHRISTOPH,) a German printer, who
established a press in Venice about 1470, and at Milan in
1474. His edition of Boccaccio was greatly admired for
its correctness and elegance.


Waldburg, walt'booRG, (FRIEDRICH LUDWIG,) a

as k; 5 as t; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.

Explanations, p. 23. )




Prussian general and diplomatist, born at Tangermiind [
in 1776 ; died in 1844.

Waldeck, wal'dek, (CHRISTIAN AUGUST,) PRINCE
OF, a German general, born in 1744. He entered the 1
service of Austria, and fought against the French in I
1792. He distinguished himself by directing the army
in its passage of the Rhine, and afterwards had a high
command in Flanders. Died in 1798.

man general, born in 1620. He entered the Austrian
army, and contributed to the victory over the Turks at
Vienna in 1683. He was defeated by the French at
Fleurus in 1690. Died in 1692.

Waldeck-Rousseau, (PIERRE M.,) a French
statesman, was born in 1846. He became a lawyer,
and was counsel for De Lesseps in the Panama fraud
trial. He entered the French Chamber in 1879, and
was minister of the interior in the cabinets of 1881
82 and 1883-85. In 1899 he was called upon to form
a ministry, and became prime minister of France.

Waldegrave, wftld'grav, (JAMES,) second EARL, an

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 382 of 425)