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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Napoleon. The battle of Wellington was like the heavy
blow of the battering-ram, that strikes straight and hard
and makes a great hole in the wall. The battle of Na-
poleon was like the rush and irruption of a gigantic sea,
which, descending from a mighty height, bursts through
all obstacles and inundates the whole country to a great
distance."

See JULES MAUREL, " Wellington : his Character, his Actions,
and his Writings." 1853: W. H. MAXWELL, "Life of the Duke of
Wellington," 3 vols., 1839: CHARLES MACFARLANB, " Life of Ihe
Duke of Wellington," 1851 ; SOUTHBV, " Life of Wellington," 1821 ;
SHERER, " Military Memoirs of the Duke of Wellington," i vols.,
1832 : WILSON, " Life of the Duke of Wellington," 2 vols., 1853-55 ;
DB BRIALMONT. " Viedu Due de Wellington," jvols-.iSsS; GLEIG,
"Life of Wellington," 1861; CHARLES D. YONGB, " Life of Welling-
ton, " 1860; L. DB LOMENIB, " Lord Wellington, par un Homme de
Rten," 1842; GEORGE ELLIOT, "Life of the Duke of Wellington,"
1814; GEORGE SOANE, "Life of the Duke of Wellington," 2 vols.,
1839-40 ; A. COOPER. "Life of Arthur, Duke of Wellington," 1850 ;
W. F. P. NAPIER. " History of the War in the Peninsula ;" " De-
spatches and Correspondence of the Duke of Wellington," published
by COLONEL GUSWOOD, 12 vols., 1852.

Well'man, (WALTER,) an American Arctic ex-
plorer, born in Ohio about 1860. He engaged in
newspaper work in Chicago and Washington, and in
1894 started north from Norway, hoping to reach the
pole over the ice by the aid of aluminum boats. The
enterprise failed, as did also a second one in 1898,
this time partly through an accident to the explorer.

Wells, (CHARLES WILLIAM,) a distinguished physi-
cian, of Scottish extraction, born at Charleston, Soulh
Carolina, in 1757. Having studied at Edinburgh, he
settled in London, and was appointed in 1800 physician
to Saint Thomas's Hospital. He was a Fellow of the
Royal Society, and contributed to their "Transactions"
" Experiments on the Colour of the Blood," and other
treatises. His principal work is an " Essay upon Dew,'
(1814,) which is highly esteemed. Died in 1817.
See his Autobiography, 1821.

Wells, (DAVID AMES,) LL.D., D.C.L. Oxon., an
American publicist, born at Springfield, Massachusetts,
June 17, 1828, graduated at Williams College in 1847,
and at the scientific school of Harvard College in 1851,
received the degree of M.D. from the Pittsfield College
in 1863, was United States special commissioner of reve-
nue, 1866-70, a commissioner on tax-legislation for New
York, 1870-73, and from that time till 1881 was employed
on questions of railroad arbitration. He edited fifteen



volumes of the " Annual of Scientific Discovery," (1850-
65,) published "Sketches of College Life," (1847,) " Year-
liook of Agriculture," (1856,) " Familiar Science," (1856,)
" Science of Common Things," (1857,) elementary works
on "Natural Philosophy," (1857,) "Chemistry," (1858,)
and "Geology," (1861,) and a vast number of pamphlets
and reports on public and economic subjects. Originally
a protectionist, Mr. Wells finally became an ardent advo-
cate of free trade. Among his more recent writings are
"Our Revenue System," (1873,) "The Creed of Free
Trade," (1875,) "The Silver Question," (1877,) "Why
we Trade and How we Trade," (1878,) "Our Merchant
Marine," (1882,) etc. Died in 1898.

Wells, (H. G.,) a British novelist, born at Brom-
ley, Kent, in 1866. He wrote a "Text-Book of
Biology," (1893,) followed by a series of highly
imaginative stories, including "The Time Machine,"
(1895,) "The War of the Worlds," (1898,) "When
the Sleeper Wakes," (1899,) and various others.

Wells, (HENRY TANWORTH,) an English painter,
born at London in 1828. He became a Royal Aca-
demician in 1870, and was notable as a portrait-
painter.

Wells, (HORACE,) M.D., born at Hartford, Vermont,
January 21, 1815, studied and practised dentistry in
Boston. He appears to have been the first to employ
anaesthetics successfully, by means of inhalation, for the
purpose of destroying pain in dental operations. On
the nth of December, 1844, Dr. Wells, then residing at
Hartford, Connecticut, was placed, at his own request,
under the influence of nitrous oxide gas, and a large
molar tooth was extracted by Mr. Riggs, causing scarcely
any perceptible pain. After that date, Dr. Wells, and
other dentists of Hartford, continued with great success
to employ the nitrous oxide gas as an anaesthetic for
nearly two years, when, attention having been directed-
chiefly through the influence of Dr. William T. G.
Morton, of Boston to the anaesthetic properties of sul-
phuric ether, this agent, as being more easily procured
or applied, was generally substituted for the nitrous
oxide gas. He lost his reason in 1848, apparently
through the injudicious inhalation of chloroform, and
committed suicide.

Wells, (JoHS DOANE,) an American physician, emi-
nent as a lecturer on anatomy, was born in Boston in
1799. He was professor of anatomy in the medical
school of Maine, Died in Boston in 1830.

Wells, (Sir THOMAS SPENCER,) BART., M.D., an
English surgeon, born at Saint Alban's in iSi8. He
studied at Trinity College, Dublin, at the Leeds School
of Medicine, and in the Dublin hospitals. He served in
the navy during the Crimean war, and after his return
acquired great fame as a surgeon, chiefly as an ovarioto-
mist, Died at Antibes in 1897.

Wellwood, (Sir HENRY MONCRLEFF.) See MON-

CREIFF, (HENRY.)

Well'wood, (JAMES or THOMAS,) a Scottish phy-
sician and writer, born near Edinburgh in 1652, pub-
lished "Memoirs of English Affairs from 1588 to the
Revolution of t6S8." Died in 1716.

Welschow, vJl'sho, (JOHANN MATTHIAS,) a Danish
historian, born in Copenhagen in 1796. He wrote on
Danish history. Died July 8, 1862.

Welser, weTser, or velser, (BARTHOLOMAUS,) a
German nobleman of great wealth, was a native of
Augsburg. He was patronized by the emperor Charles
V., who made him a privy councillor.

Welser, [Lat. VELSE'RUS,] (MARCUS,) a German

scholar, born at Augsburg in 1558. He wrote several

' historical and philological treatises, in Latin, and was an

intimate friend of Galileo, who dedicated to him one of

his works. Died in 1614.

Welser, (PHILIPPINE,) a niece of Bartholomaus, no-
ticed above, was celebrated for her beauty and talents,
and was privately married in 1550 to the archduke
Ferdinand, son of the emperor Ferdinand I. After her
father-in-law became reconciled to the marriage, he
Created her Margravine of Burgau. Died in 1580.

'Welsh, (ALFRED HlX,) an American educator, born
at Fostoria, Ohio, September 7, 1850, graduated at Bald-



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obtcurc; fir, fill, fat; mSt; nflt; good; moon;



WELSH



2451



WERDUM



win University, Berea, Ohio, in 1872, and held professor-
ships in Buchtel College, 1872-75. His principal works
are "The Conflict of Ages," (1877.) "Rhetorical Figures,"
(1880,) "The Development of English Literature and
Language," a work of much merit, (1882,) "The Es-
sentials of Geometry," (1883,) "Essentials of English
Idiom," "Essentials of Rhetoric," etc.

Welsh, (DAVID,) D.U., a Scottish divine, born near
Moftat, December 11, 1793. He was educated at Edin-
burgh, and ordained in 1821. In 1831 he became pro-
fessor of church history in the Edinburgh University.
In 1843, as moderator of the General Assembly, he led
in the act of disruption and in the formation of the Free
Church. His principal work is " Elements of Church
History," (1844.) Died April 24, 1845.

Wel'sted, (LEONARD,) an English poet, born in
Northamptonshire in 1689. His principal poem is en-
titled "The Triumvirate," (1718,) and is supposed to
have been intended for a satire on Pope, who retaliated
by his allusions to Welsted in the second and third
books of the " Dunciad." Died in 1749.

Welwi tsch.weTwTtch, (FREDERIK,) a Dutch botanist,
born in the Netherlands about 1810. He lived foreighteen
years in Portuguese West Africa, and published various
treatises on the plants and animals of that region. The
very singular plant Wehoitschia mirabilis was discovered
by him, and named in his honour. Died in London,
October 20, 1872.

Wenceslaus, weVses-laus or <v?nt'ses-lowss', [Fr.
WENCESLAS, v&N'seVlas',] or Wenzel, ftjnt'sel, son of
the emperor Charles IV. of Germany, was born in 1361.
He was proclaimed King of the Romans in 1376, and
succeeded his father in 1378. He displayed the weakness
and cruelty of his character by cancelling the debts owed
by the nobles to the Jews, and confiscating the property
of three thousand of that sect who had been murdered
by a mob at Prague. He also caused John Nepomuk
to be drowned in the Moldau. Having made many
powerful enemies by forsaking the cause of Pope Boni-
face IX., whom he had formerly supported against the
anti-pope Benedict XIII., he was deposed in a Diet at
Frankfort, (1400,) and the Eleclor-Palatine Rupert was
chosen in his stead. He died in 1419, having previously
abdicated in favour of his brother Sigismund, who had
been chosen emperor on the death of Rupert.

See F. M. PELZEL, " Lebensgeschichte des Romischeu and
Bonmischen Konigs Wenceslaus," 1788-90.

Wen'9es-lauB or Wen'ges-las I., King of Bohemia,
born in 1205, began to reign in 1230. lie was a patron
of arts and learning, and exerted much influence in the
affairs of Germany. Died in 1253.

Wenceslaus or Wenceslas II, King of Bohemia
and Poland, a grandson of the preceding, was born in
1271. He succeeded his father in 1278, and was chosen
King of Poland in 1300. Died in 1305.

Wenceslaus or Wenceslas III, a son of the pre-
ceding, was born in 1289. He died, without issue, in
1306.

Wenceslaus or Wenceslas IV. OF BOHEMIA. See
WKNCESLAUS, Emperor of Germany.

Wenceslaus, ftent'ses-lowss', [Fr. WENCESLAS, v8N y -
ses'Ias',] or Wenzel, <ve"nt'sel, SAINT, Duke of Bohemia,
born about 908, was converted to Christianity by his
paternal grandmother Ludmila. He was distinguished
for the sanctity of his life, and refused the crown of
Bohemia, which was offered him by the emperor Otho I.
He was assassinated in 936, at the instigation of his
mother Drahomira and his brother Boleslaw.

See F. X. SCHULDES, " Der heilige Wenzel dargestellt," etc
iS<?.

Wendelin, w?n'de-leen', [Fr. VENDELIN, v8N'deh-
UN',] (GoDEFROl,) a Flemish astronomer and scholar,
born at La Lampine in 1580. He became canon of
Tournay, and published various works, among which is
'Lunar Eclipses observed from 1573 to 1640." It is
stated that he determined the parallax of the sun. Died
in 1660.

Wendover. See ROGER OF WENDOVER.

Wendt, ftent, (JOHANJV AMADEUS,) a German writer,
born at Leipsic in 1783, became professor of philosophy
at Gottingen. He published " Rossini's Life and



Works," (1824,) and was a contributor to various lit*
erary periodicals of the time. Died in 1836.

Wengierski, wcng-ge-eR'skee, (ANURF.W,) a So-
cinian minister, born in Silesia in 1600. He wrote a
" History of the Slavonian Churches," (1652.) Died
in 1649.

Wens'ley-dale, (JAMES PARKF..) BARON, an English
jurist, born near Liverpool in 1782. He studied at
Trinity College, Cambridge, and was appointed a baron
of the court of exchequer in 1834. On retiring from the
bench, in 1856, he was raised to the peerage, as Baron
Wensleydale. Died February 25, 1868.

Went'worth, (BENNING,) son of John Wentworth,
was born at Portsmouth in 1696. He was Governor of
New Hampshire for more than twenty years. The town
of Bennington, in Vermont, was named in his honour.
Died in 1770.

Wentworth, (CHARLES W.) See ROCKINGHAM.

Wentworth, (Sir JOHN,) a nephew of lienning Went-
worth, noticed above, was born at Portsmouth in 1736.
He became Governor of New Hampshire in 1768, and
gave its charter to Dartmouth College. Died in 1820.

Wentworth, (Colonel JOHN,) born at Dover, New
Hampshire, in 1719, was appointed in 1776 one of the
superior judges of New Hampshire. Died in 1781. His
son, of the same name, born in 1745, was elected to the
Continental Congress in 1778, and twice re-elected.
Died in 1787.

Wentworth, (JoHN,) an American journalist, born
at Sandwich, New Hampshire, in 1815, removed to Illi-
nois, and became editor of the "Chicago Democrat,"
He was several times elected to Congress, and in 1857
became mayor of Chicago, and again in 1860. D. 1888.

Wentworth, (THOMAS.) See STRAFFORD, EARL OF.

Wentworth, (WILLIAM,) born in England about
1610, was one of the early settlers of New Hampshire.
Died in 1697. His grandson JOHN, born in 1671, be-
came Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire in 1717.
Died in 1730.

Wentzel or Wenzel, ftent'sel, (JOHANN CHRIS-
TOPH,) a German poet and physician, born in Eisenach
in 1659. He became principal of the Academy of Zittao
in 1713, and published several poems. Died in 1723.

Wen- Wang, the founder of the Chinese dynasty of
Chow or Cheou, was born about 1230 B.C. He gained
great distinction as a genera! and as a writer, and was
governor of Chow (Cheou) for many years. He died
aged ninety-seven. His son Woo- (or Wou-) WANG
became Emperor of China.

Wenzel, (Emperor of Germany.) See WENCESLAUS.

Wenzel, SAINT. See WENCESLAUS.

Wepfer, wep'i?r, (JOHN JAMES,) a Swiss physician
and anatomist, born at Schaffhausen in 1620, was the
author of several medical works. Died in 1695.

Weppen, ftep'pen, (JOHANN AUGUST,) a German
poet, born at Nordheim in 1742. He published between
1778 and 1796 a number of poems, which are com-
mended.

Werdenhagen, <veVden-ha'gen, (JOHANN ANGE,) a
learned German jurist and diplomatist, born at Helm-
stedt in 1581, published several works. Died in 1652.

Werder, fteVder, (KARL,) a German philosophical
writer, of the school of Hegel, was born at Berlin in
1806. He became assistant professor of philosophy in
the University of Berlin in 1838. Died April 10, 1893.

Werder, von, fon weVder, (DIETRICH,) a German
poet, born at Werdershausen, in Hesse, in 1584. Ha
became a privy councillor at the court of Cassel. In
1626 he produced a German version of Tasso's "Je-,
rusalem Delivered." He also translated Ariosto's
"Orlando Furioso," (1632.) These translations are
praised by several writers. Died in 1657.

Werdin or Weredin. See PAULINUS, (JOHANN

PHILIPP.)

Werdmuller, we^Ri'mool'ler, (JOHANN RUDOLPH,) a
Swiss painter, born at Zurich in 1639. He painted
mostly landscapes and portraits. Having commenced
a journey to Paris, he was drowned in the Silh in 1668.

Werdum, van, vtn weVdum, (ULRICH,) a Dutch
historian, born at Werdum, in Friesland, in 1632. He
was privy councillor of East Friesiand. He wrote sev-



ea* k; 5 as s; g h.ird; g as/; G, H, K.,giittural; N, nasal; K, tri/lfj; 5 as t: th as in this. (5p=See Explanations, p. 23.)



WEREMBERT



2452



WERNER



eral useful works on the history of Friesland. Died
In 1681.

WeVem-b?rt or Werimbert, [Lat. WEREMBER'-
Tus,] a learned German monk, born at Curia, (Coire,)
was a brother of Adalbert, a famous general of Charle-
magne. He wrote commentaries on the books of Scrip-
ture, and other works, and taught at Saint Gall. Died
in 884 A.D.

Werenfela, wa'ren-fgls', (PETER,) a Swiss Protestant
minister, born in 1627, became professor of theology at
Bale about 1675. He wrote several theological works.
Died in 1703.

Werenfels, [Lat. WERENFEL'SIUS,] (SAMUEL,) a
Swiss scholar and theologian, born at Bale in 1657,
was a son of the preceding. He obtained the chair
of eloquence in 1687 at Bale, where he afterwards
became professor of theology. He published, besides
other able works, " On the Controversies of Learned
Men," ("De Logomachiis Eruditorum," 1692.) Died
m 1740.

See P. RVHINBU, " Vita S. Werenfelsii," 1741.

Werenfelsius. See WERENFELS.

Werf or Werff, van der, vin der w?Rf, (PETER,) a
Dutch patriot, born at Leyden in 1529. He was em-
ployed by William the Silent in confidential missions.
As burgomaster of Leyden, he displayed great firmness
and constancy when that city was besieged by the
Spaniards in 1573-74.

Werff or 'Werf, (ADRIAAN.) See VAN DER WERF.

Wergeland, weVgeh-llnt', (IlENRiK ARNOLD,) a
celebrated Norwegian poet, born at Christiansand in
1808. He studied at the University of Christiania, where
he was appointed, in 1836, keeper of the library, and, in
1840, archivist of the kingdom. His first publication
was a satirical farce, entitled "Ah!" which appeared
under the pseudonym of SIFUL SIFADDA. It was fol-
lowed by a number of similar works, distinguished by
their intensely sectional spirit and political personalities.
Among his most admired productions are the opera
of "The Campbells," (1838,) tragedies entitled "The
Venetians" (1840) and "The Child-Murderess," and
poems entitled "Jan van Huysum's Flower-Piece," and
"TJie Spaniards." Died in 1845.

Werkmeister, we'Rk'mls'ter, (ANDREAS,) a German
composer and writer, born in 1645, was author of "Har-
monologia Musica," and other works. Died in 1706.

Werl, (OLAF.) See VERELIUS.

WerlauS, CveVlowf; (RIK CHRISTIAN,) a Danish
antiquary and historian, born at Copenhagen in 1781,
was appointed first librarian in the Royal Library of
that city about 1828. He made numerous contributions
to the "Antiquariske Annaler" and other literary peri-
odicals, assisted Thorlacius in editing the history of
the kings of Norway, and published various learned
works on Scandinavian antiquities. Died June 5, 1871.

Werlhof, fte^'hof, (JoHANN,) a German jurist, born
at Helmstedt in 1660. He became aulic councillor to
the Duke of Brunswick, and wrote several legal works.
Died in 1711.

Werlhof, (PAUL GOTTLIEB,) a skilful German phy-
sician, born at Helmstedt in 1699. He settled at Han-
over in 1725, and became first physician to George II.
of England. He wrote a "Treatise on Fevers," (1745,)
and other medical works, (3 vuls., 1775.) Died in 1767.

Werloschnid, von. fun wcVlo-shnii', (JOHANN BAP-
TIST,) a German physician, lived about 1710, lie pub-
lished an " Account of the Plague which prevailed in
Austria, Hungary.etc. in 1708-1710."

Werueck, von, fon weVnek, (FRANZ,) BARON, an
eminent Austrian general, born at Luiiwigsberg, in \Vur-
temberg, in 1748. lie entered the Austrian service
about 1765, became general-major in 1789, and com-
manded a corps d'arme'e in the campaign of 1793 against
the French. He contributed to the victory at Wiirz-
burg in September, 1796, and commanded the army of
the Lower Rhine in 1797, but was soon removed for his
ill success. He was captured, with a division, in 1805.
Died in 1806.

Wer'ner,[Ger. pron.fteVner, 1 (ABRAHAM GOTTLOB,)
an eminent German geologist and mineralogist, was born
at Wehrau, on the Queiss, in Upper Lusatia, September



25, 1750. He was educated in the school of mines at Frey-
berg, in Saxony, and studied law for three years at Leipsic.
In 1774 he published a short "Treatise on the Charac-
ters of Minerals," in which he proposed a methodical
and precise language, the varied terms of which suffice
to express all the sensible qualities of minerals. " This
little essay," says Cuvier, " has made a revolution in
mineralogy, to which the author rendered a service analo-
gous to that which Linnaeus had rendered to botanical
science by the terminology explained in his ' Philosophia
Botanica.'" ("Biographic Universelle.") He was ap-
pointed in 1775 professor of mineralogy at Freyberg, and
inspector of the cabinet of minerals belonging to that
school. In 1780 he produced a translation of Cronstedt's
"Mineralogy." His doctrines were propagated by sev-
eral of his pupils, among whom were Karsten, Wiede.
mann, Jameson, and Napione. He applied the term
Geognosy to the science which treats of the respective
positions of minerals in the crust of the globe, and ot"
the epochs of their origin. He presented the bases of
this science in his "Classification and Description of
Mountains," (1787.) "He was the first," says Cuvier,
"that raised the theory of the earth to th rank of a
positive science by divesting it of the fantastic systems
of which it was for a long time composed." He classi-
fied rocks, according to their relative antiquity, into four
classes or formations : i, the primitive, which contain no
organic remains ; 2, the transition ; 3, the stratified; and
4, the alluvial beds formed recently. He divined the order
of superposition which has been found almost general
all over the earth, although his sphere of observation
was quite limited. In 1791 he published a "New Theory
of the Formation of Veins." Werner was the author
of the theory known as the Neptunian or Wernerian,
that the primitive and other rocks were formed by
precipitation from water or some liquid. This theory
was controverted by Hutton and others, who attributed
to the primitive rocks an igneous origin, and were called
Vulcanians. He passed nearly all of his mature life it
Freyberg. In 1802 he visited Paris, and was chosen
one of the eight foreign associates of the Academy of
Sciences. He was a very accomplished and popular
lecturer ; but he was not a voluminous writer, having a
peculiar aversion to the act of writing. He was never
married. Died at Dresden in June, 1817^

See CUVIBR, " Eloge de Werner ;" FRISCH, " Lebensbeschrcibur.g
A. G. Wernera," 1825 ; HASSB, "Denkschrift zur Erinnerung an A,
G. Werner," 1848. '

Werner, (FRIEDRICH LUDWIG ZACHARIAS,) an emi-
nent German poet and dramatist, born at Konigsberg in
1768. He studied law and finance in the university of
his native town, where he also attended the lectures of
Kant. His first drama, entitled "The Sons of the Valley,"
came out in 1800, and was succeeded by his "Twenty-
fourth of February," (" Der Vierundzwanzigster Fe-
bruar,") a tragedy of great power, and esteemed one of
his best works. His other principal productions are the
dramas entitled "The Cross on the Baltic," "Martin
Luther, or the Consecration of Strength," " Kunegunde,"
" The Mother of the Maccabees," and " Attila, King of
the Huns." In iSn Werner became a Catholic, and,
having been ordained a priest in 1814, settled as a preacher
at Vienna, where he died in January, 1823.

See J. E. HITZIG, " F. L, Z. Werner's Lebensabriw," 1813.
SCHUTZ, "Z. Werner's Biopraphie und Charakteristik," a vob..
1841 ; MADAME DB STAKL, "Germany," vol. ii.

Werner or Wer-ne'rua, (JOANNES,) a German as-
tronomer, born at Nuremberg in 1468. He wrote a
treatise on "The Movement of the Eighth Sphere," and

Annotations on the First Book of Ptolemy's Geog-
raphy," also several mathematical works. Died in 1528.

Werner, wf R'ner, (JOSEPH,) a Swiss painter, of great
merit, born at Berne in 1637. He studied at Rome,
and was subsequently patronized at the court of Louis
XIV. Heexcelled in miniatures and in historical pieces
of small size. Among the latter may be named "1'hs
Mnses on Parnassus" and "The Death of Dido." Died
in 1710.

Werner, (KARL,) a German painter, born at Weimar,
October 4, I&oS. He gave a fresh impulse to aquarelle-
painting, in which he acquired great eminence.



a,e, i,o. u,y, Icing: a, 6, 6, same, less prolonged: i. e. T.o. 'i. ? shcrt: a. e. j. o. ohsrure; far. fill, 111; mil; not; good: moon



WERNER



WESLEY



Werner, (KARL,) an Austrian theologian, born at Haf-
nerbach in 1821. He was educated at Saint Polten and
Vienna. Among his works, which are strongly Catholic
and philosophical, are a "System of Christian Ethics,"
(1850-52,) treatises on Saint Thomas Aquinas (1858) and
Suarez, (1861.) " History of the Apologetic and Polemic
Literature of Christian Theology," 5 vols., (1861-67,)
" History of Catholic Theology in Germany," (1866,)
"Speculative Anthropology," (1870,) etc. Died in 1888.

Werner, von, fon fteVner, (ANTON ANDREAS,) a
German painter, born at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, May 9,
1843. In 1873 he became a professor, and in 1878 di-
rector, of the Fine Arts Academy of Berlin. His pictures
are mostly historical.

Werner, von, fon wiVner, (PAUL,) a celebrated
general, born at Raab, in Hungary, in 1707, served with
distinction in Austria, and subsequently in the Prussian
army during the principal campaigns of the Seven Years'
war. In 1760 he delivered Coburg, which was besieged
by the Russians, for which he was made lieutenant-
general by Frederick II., who also caused a medal to be
struck in his honour. Died in 1785.

Wernher, wjRn'her, UOHANN BALTHASAR.) a Ger-
man publicist and jurist, born at Rothenburg ; died at
Vienna in 1742.

Wernike, fteVne-keh, or Wernigk, weVnik, written
also Wernack or Warneck, (CHRISTIAN,) a German
epigrammatic poet, born in Prussia about 1670. He was
appointed by the King of Denmark his resident minister


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 394 of 425)