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general of brigade. Died in 1838.

Wrottesley, rots'le, (JOHN,) LORD, an English
astronomer, born in 1798. He received in 1839 a gold
medal from the Astronomical Society for his catalogue
of stars. He entered the House of Lords at the death
of his father, in 1841, and was elected president of tho
Royal Society in 1855. About 1842 he erected an obsei
vatory near his residence, Wrottesley Hall. Died in 1867.


Wulfen, wdol'fen, (FRANZ XAVER,) a German natu-
ralist and mathematician, born at Belgrade in 1728. He
wrote on botany, zoology, etc. Died at Klagenfurth in

Wulffer, woolffer, (JoHANN,) a German Orientalist,
born at Nuremberg in 1651. He was employed as min-
ister of the gospel in his native city. Died in 1724.

Wulfhelm, woolf riglm, an Anglo-Saxon prelate, be-
came Archbishop of Canterbury in 923 A.D. Died in 942.

Wulfstan. See WULSTAN.

Wullenweber, wool'len-wa'ber, written also Wul-
lenwever, (GEORG or JURGEN,) a German statesman
of the sixteenth century, was a native of Luherl-. r'.re
lie was elected burgomaster about 1534. ne was con-
demned to death on a charge of Anabaptism and politi-
cal offences, and executed in 1537.

Wiillerstorf or Wuellerstorf, von, fon wSl'lers-
lorf, (BERNHARD,) BARON, an Austrian admiral and
minister of state, born at Trieste in 1816. He conducted
an exploring expedition sent out by the Austrian govern-
ment in 1857, and returned in 1859. An account of this
:xpedition appeared in 3 vols., in 1861. About 1865 he
jecame minister of commerce. He published several
scientific works. Died August 17, 1883.

"Wulstan, an English monk, born about 1008, be-
came in 1062 Bishop of Worcester. He was patronized
jy William the Conqueror and his successor William
Rufus. Died in 1095.

See the " Life of Wulstan," in WHARTON'S " Anglia Sacra."

Wulstan, written also Wolstan and Wulfstan, an

Jnglish monk of the tenth century, was the author of a

".atin poem on the miracles of Saint Swithin, and a

Life of Bishop Ethelwold," (in Latin.)

Wunder, woon'der, (EDUARD,) a German critic and

scholar, born at Wittenberg in 1800. He became

director of the College of Grimma in 1842. His chief

ublicationisan edition of Sophocles, (1831.) Died 1869.

Wunderlich, ftoon'der-liK', (JoHANN,) a German

jurist, born at Hamburg in 1708. He became professor

Df philosophy in that city in 1761, and published several

egal works. Died in 1778.

Wunderlich, (KARL AUGUST,) a German physician,
iorn at Sulz, on the Neckar, in 1815, became professor
f clinics at Leipsic in 1850. He published a " Manual
f Pathology and Therapeutics," (1846,) etc. Died 1877.
Wundt, woont, (DANIEL LUDWIG,) a German his-
orian, born at Kreutznach in 1741, became professor of
heology at Heidelberg. He wrote on the history of the
1 alatinate. Died in 1805.

His brother, FRIEDRICH PETER, born in 1748, pub-
shed several works on the history and topography of
he Palatinate. Died in 1808.

Wundt, (WILHELM MAXIMILIAN,) a German physi-
legist, born at Neckarau, in Baden, August 16, 1812.
le was educated at Tiibingen, Heidelberg, and Berlin,

5, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;




and held professorships of physiology at Heidelberg
Zurich, and Leipsic. Among his numerous works ar
" A Theory of Sense-Perception," " Human Physiology,
" Spiritism," (" Der Spiritismus,") etc.

Wunsch, woonsh, (CHRISTIAN ERNST.) a German
scientific writer, born at Hohenstein about 1730. He
died after 1800.

Wuusch, von, fon wdonsh, QOHANN JAKOB,)
Prussian general, born in 1717. He served with distinc
tion in the Seven Years' war, and gained a victory ove
General Brentano in October, 1759. Died in 1788.
Wuotan. See ODIN.

Wurdtwein or Wuerdtwein, wiiRt'win, (STEPHAN
ALEXANDER,) a German ecclesiastic, born at Amerbacl
in 1719, became Bishop of Worms. He was the autho
of several treatises on diplomacy and ecclesiastical law
(in Latin.) Died in 1796.

Wurm, wooRm, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH,) a German
divine and astronomer, born at Niirtingen in 1760
published a " History of the New Planet Uranus," ant
ther works. Died in 1833.

His son JULIUS FRIEDRICH wrote several treatises on
neology, mathematics, and philology. Died in 1839.

Another son, CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH, born in 1803
published a number of commercial and political works
He became professor in a college at Hamburg in 1833
Died in 1859.

Wurrn'ser, von, [Ger. pron. fon ftooRin'zer,] (DAGO
BERT SIGISMOND,) COUNT, an eminent Austrian gettera^
born in Alsace in 1724. He entered the Austrian service
in 1750, and fought against the Prussians in the Seven
Years' war, (1755-62.) Having obtained the rank of
lieutenant-general in 1778, he defeated the Prussians
at Kubelschwerd in 1779. In 1793 he commanded an
army which operated against the French, and drove
them across the frontier into Alsace ; but he was defeated
in December, at Frischweiler. He gained a victory on
the banks of the Neckar in October, 1794, and occupied
Mannheim. In the summer of 1796 he was sent as
commander-in-chief to Italy, where the Austrian general
Beaulieu had been defeated by Bonaparte. Advancing
towards Mantua, Wurmser was attacked and defeated
by Bonaparte, at Lonato, on the 3d of August. The
Corsican general also gained victories over Wurmser
at Castiglione on the 5th of August, and at Roveredo.
Wurmser retreated to Mantua, which he defended with
vigour, but he was forced to surrender in February, 1797.
He died at Vienna in June the same year.
See SCHILLER, "Gallerie interessanter Personen."
Wursteisen, wooR'sti'zen, [Lat. WuRSTig'ius or
URSTIC'IUS,] a mathematician, born at Bale in 1544,
was also a historian. He became professor of mathe-
matics at Bale, and wrote, besides other works, a history
called "Chronicon Majus," (1580.) Died in 1588.
Wursticius. See WURSTEISEN.
Wiirternberg, wur'tem-berg, [Ger. pron. wuR'tem-
bSRG',] (EBERHARD,) DUKE OF, a son of Louis II., was
born in 1445, and began to reign in 1459. He was
a just and beneficent ruler, patronized learning, and
founded the University of Tubingen. Died in 1496.

Wurtemberg, von, fon wur'tem-berg, (or wtiR'tem-
son of Duke William of Wurtemberg, was born at
Copenhagen in 1801. He published a collection of lyric
poems, (1837,) and was a contributor to the " Musen-
ilmanach" of Chamisso and Schwab. Died in 1844.

Wurtemberg, von, (ULRIC,) an able commander,
born in 1617, was a younger son of Frederick I. of
Wiirternberg. He commanded the Imperial army which
opposed Turenne in Hesse in 1648. Died in 1671.

Wurtz, viiRts, (CHARLES ADOLPHE,) a French chem-
ist, born at Strasburg, November 26, 1817. He gradu-
ated in 1843 at tne university of his native town. He
went to Paris, and in 1851 became a professor in the
Agronomic Institute of Versailles. In 1875 he was ap-
pointed professor in the faculty of sciences at Paris.
He made many important discoveries in chemistry, and
contributed much to theoretic chemistry. Among his
works are " Le9ons de Philosophie chimique," (1864,)
"Traite elementaire de Chimie medicale," (1864-65, 3
vols.,) " Lecons elementaires de Chimie moderne," (1866,)

" Dictionnaire de Chimie," (1868-78, 3 vols.,) " Histoire
des Doctrines chimiques," (1868,) "La Theorie ato-
mique," (1878,) "Traite' de Chimie biologique," (1880,)
etc. Died May u, 1884.

Wurtz, wooRts, (FELIX,) a skilful Swiss surgeon,
born at Zurich, lived in the sixteenth century.

'Wurtz, (HENRY,) an American chemist, born at
Easton, Pennsylvania, June 5, 1828. He graduated at
Princeton College in 1848, and held professorships of
chemistry in colleges at Kingston, Canada, and at Wash-
ington, D.C. He published a large number of papers,
chiefly upon theoretical chemistry.

Wurtz, von, fon voorts or wooRts, (PAUL,) BARON,
a Danish or German general, born in Husum. He
served under Gustavus Adolphus until his death, (1632,)
and afterwards had a high command in the army of the
United Provinces. Died in 1676.

Wurtzburg or Wurzburg. See CONRAD OF


Wurzbach, wooRts'baK, (CONSTANT,) a German
poet and savant, born at Laybach in 1818. Among
his writings is a humorous work entitled " Parallels,"
(" Parallelen," 1849.) Among his many other works is
a "Biographical Dictionary of Austrians," (1879.)

Wurzelbau, von, fon wooRt'sel-bow', (JOHANN
PIIILIPP,) a German astronomer, borii at Nuremberg in
1651. He invented or improved several astronomical
instruments, and made a series of observations in his
observatory at Spitzenberg. He corresponded with
Leibnitz and other astronomers. Died in 1725.

Wutgeuau, von, fon woot'geh-now', (GOTTFRIED
ERNST,) BARON, an Austrian general, born in Silesia in
1673; died in 1736.

Wutrtke, woot'keh, (HEINRICH,) a German Historian,
born at Brieg, in Silesia, February 12, 1818, was edu-
cated at Breslau. In 1848 he was appointed professor
of history at Leipsic, and was afterwards a leading poli-
tician. He wrote " Polen und Deutsche," (1847,) " Ueber
die Gewissheit der Geschichte," (1865,) "Geschichte der
Schrift," (1872 tt sty.,) etc. Died June 14, 1876.

Wy'att, (JAMES,) an English architect, of high repu-
tation, was born in Staffordshire about 1745. He
studied several years at Rome and Venice, and after
lis return built the Pantheon, in Oxford Street, London,
1772.) He was appointed surveyor-general to the board
of works in 1796. Among his other structures we may
name Fonthill Abbey, the Military Academy at Wool
wich, and the Library at Oriel College, Oxford. Died
'n 1813.

Wyatt, (MATTHEW COTES,) an English sculptor,
born in 1778. He was patronized by George III., and
adorned Windsor Castle with his works, among which
was an equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington.
Died in London in January, 1862.

Wyatt, (Sir MATTHEW DIGBY,) an English architect
and author, born at Bowie, Wilts, in 1820. His public
ife was one of great activity and many honours. He
was knighted in 1869, and was professor of fine arts at
Cambridge, 1869-72. He published " Geometrical Mo-
saics of the Middle Ages," (1848,) "Industrial Arts of
he Nineteenth Century," (1851,) "Art-Treasures in the
Jnited Kingdom," (1857,) "Architect's Note-Book in
Spain " and many other works. Died May 22, 1877.

Wyatt, (RICHARD J.,) an English sculptor, born in
ondon in 1795. He studied in Paris, and subsequently
under Canova at Rome, where he resided till his death,
n 1850. His works are principally classical subjects,
and are remarkable for their elegance and exquisite
nnish. Among his master-pieces are his " Penelope,"
' Nymph entering the Bath," " Shepherd Boy," " Nymph
Lucharis and Cupid," and " Bacchus."

Wyatt, (Sir THOMAS,) THE ELDER, an eminent Eng-
ish statesman and poet, born in Kent in 1503. He
tudied at Saint John's College, Cambridge, where he
ook the degree of M.A. in 1520. He was a favourite
t the court of Henry VIII., who made him a gentleman
>f the bed-chamber and conferred on him the honour
if knighthood, (1536.) He was afterwards employed on
mportant missions to Spain and the Netherlands. He
ied in 1542, with the reputation of an able diplomatist
nd one of the most accomplished gentlemen of his time.

; cas.t.- ghard; g as/; G, H, Y.,guttural; N, nasal; R. trilled: sass; th as in MM. (JJ^^See Explanations, p. 23.*




His poems are chiefly amatory and satirical ; he also
published letters and other prose works of superio

See JOHNSON, "Lives of the English Poets;" CAMPBELL, "Spe-
cimens of the British Poets."

Wyatt, (Sir THOMAS,) THE YOUNGER, a son of the
preceding, was born in 1520 or 1521. He inherited tis
father's estate in 1542, and served with distinction in
the war against the French between 1544 and 1550
Wyatt and the Duke of Suffolk became in 1554 the
leaders of an insurrection, the design of which was to
dethrone Queen Mary or to prevent her marriage with
Philip II. Wyatt gained some successes over the
royalist forces, and entered Southwark. He was cap
tured in London and executed in April, 1554.

See HUME, "History of England;" J. PROCTOR, "History of
Wyatt's Rebellion," 1555.

Wy'at-vUle, (Sir JEFFRY,) an English architect,
originally named WYATT, was a nephew of James
Wyatt, noticed above. He was born in Staffordshire in
1766, and was instructed by his uncle in architecture.
In 1824 he was employed by George IV. to remodel
Windsor Castle, in which work he was occupied for the
greater part of his life. He died in 1840. His designs
for Windsor Castle were published in 1841, in 2 folio vols.

Wybicki, vi-bets'kee or ve-bit'skee, (JOSEPH,) a
Polish patriot and political writer, born in 1747; died
in 1822.

Wych'er-ly or Wych'er-ley, (WILLIAM,) a pop-
ular English dramatist, was born in Shropshire about
1640. He was sent at an early age to France, where he
spent considerable time at the court of the Duke of
Montausier, Governor of Angouleme. After his return
he studied for a time at Oxford, and again made p
fession of the Protestant faith, which he had abjured in
France. He subsequently acquired great favour with
Charles II., and lived on intimate terms with the Duke
of Buckingham and other profligate wits of the time.
He produced in 1669 his comedy entitled " Love in a
Wood, or Saint James's Park," which was followed by
"The Gentleman Dancing-Master," (1671,) "The Plain
Dealer," (1674,) and "The Country Wife," (1675.) He
married the Countess of Drogheda about 1680. Died
in 1715.

See MAJOR PACK, "Memoirs of William Wycherly ;" MAC-
AULAV, Essay on the "Comic Dramatists of the Restoration;"
LEIGH HUNT, "The Dramatic Works of Wvcherley, Congreve, etc.,
with Biographical Notices," 1810; BAKER, " Biographia Dramatica :"
"Lives of British Dramatists," by CAMPBELL, LEIGH HUNT, etc. ;
ALLIBONK, " Dictionary of Authors."

Wyck, wlk, (JOHN,) a Dutch painter, born at Utrecht
about 1645, worked in London. He painted hunting-
scenes, landscapes, and horses. Died in London in 1702.

Wyck, (THOMAS,) a skilful Dutch painter and en-
graver, the father of the preceding, was born at Haarlem
in 1616. He painted sea-ports, public places, interiors,
etc. His etchings were highly prized. Died in 1686.

Wyc'liffe, Wiclif, or Wick'lifl; written also Wic-
lef, de, (JOHN,) an eminent English Reformer, born in
Yorkshire, near Richmond, about 1324. He was educated
at Oxford, where he was distinguished for his proficiency
in divinity and scholastic philosophy. According to
several biographers, he began to write against the men-
dicant monks in 1360. He became master or warder
of Balliol College, Oxford, in 1361, and rector of Fyling-
ham, in Lincolnshire, in the same year. In 1365 he
(or, according to some writers, another of the same
name) was appointed master of Canterbury Hall, from
which he was ejected in 1366. He exchanged the rec-
tory of Fylingham for that of Ludgershall in 1368. It is
commonly stated that he took his degree of D.D. in
1372, and then began to read lectures on divinity at
Oxford with great applause. This date is questioned
by some writers. About this time he began to censure
openly the doctrines and corruptions of the Romish
Church and to advocate religious liberty.

Wycliffe was a member of a legation sent by Edward
III. to Pope Gregory XI. in 1374, to treat with him
about the practice of papal provision or reservation of
benefices, and other abuses. Soon after his return to
England he denounced the pope as "Antichrist, the
proud worldly priest of Rome." In 1375 the king gave

him the prebend of Aust in the church of Westbury
He was prosecuted for heresy before the Bishop of
London in 1377, but was protected by his friend, John of
Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, whose favour he had gained,
probably by defending the royal authority against papal
encroachments. In May, 1377, Pope Gregory addressed
a bull to the Archbishop of Canterbury, directing
him to summon Wycliffe before him. The Reformer
appeared before a synod assembled at Lambeth in 1378,
but, before the case was decided, the Londoners, who
sympathized with him, broke into the court and fright-
ened the bishops, who were also checked by a message
from the queen, or the mother of Richard II. The
schism caused by the election of twc- popes in 1378
tended to weaken the papal domination, and promoted
the safety of Wycliffe, who wrote a tract " On the Pope
of Rome', or the Papal Schism," (" De Papa Romano,"
or " Schisma Papae.")

He attacked the doctrine of transubstantiation in a
series of lectures read at Oxford in 1381. The Arch-
bishop of Canterbury summoned a council or synod,
which met in 1382, declared his opinions to be heretical,
and ordered vigorous measures to be employed for their
suppression. Before this period the principles of Wyc-
liffe had been adopted by numerous disciples, some of
whom propagated them by preaching. His disciples
were called Lollards. He was summoned to appear at
a convocation of clergy at Oxford, and, according to
some, authorities, made a confession or concession to
his adversaries, and admitted the doctrine of the real
presence. It appears that the only penalty inflicted on
him was expulsion from the University of Oxford. In
the latter part of his life he produced an English version
of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate. This is supposerl
to have been the first complete English translation that
was ever made. It became an engine of wonderful
power against Romanism. To translate the Bible was
regarded as an act of heresy ; and his version continued
to be a proscribed book until the Reformation of the
sixteenth century. Wycliffe, who may be considered the
father of English prose, wrote a number of religious
works, some of which remain in manuscript.

"He clearly anticipated," says David Irving, "the
most distinguishing doctrines of the Protestants, and
his opinions on certain points present an obvious co-
incidence with those of Calvin. Of the simplicity of
primitive times he was too devoted an admirer to
secure the approbation of modern churchmen." (" En-
cyclopaedia Britannica.") He opposed episcopacy, or at
least did not consider the episcopal order essential to
the legitimate constitution of the Church. He died at
Lutterworth in December, 1384.

See REV. JOHN LEWIS, " Life of John Wycliffe," 1719 ; DR

" Lives of J. Wiclef and of the Most Eminent of his Disciples," etc.
1763; TISCHER, "J. Wiclefs Leben," 1800; F. VINCHNS, "Wiclef
These historique," 1848 : MAJMBOUKG, "Histoiredu Wiclefianisme,'
1683 ; WORDSWORTH, " BioRraphia Ecclesiastica ;" " Four Ecclesi-
istical Biographies, " by I. H. GURNEV ; "Quarterly Review" lor
[uly. 1858: ALLIBONE. "Dictionary of Authors."
Wydeville, (ANTHONY.) See RIVERS, EARL OF.
Wyerman. See WEVERMAN.

Wykeham, de, de wik'am, (WILLIAM,) an eminent
Snglish ecclesiastic and statesman, born in Hampshire
n 1324. His talents early gained for him the notice
ind patronage of Edward III., who appointed him in
1356 surveyor of the works at Windsor. He afterwards
>ecame successively keeper of the privy seal, secretary
o the king, Bishop of Winchester, and lord high chan-
cellor of England, (1367.) Among his numerous and
munificent works were the erection of the New College,
Dxford, finished in 1386, and the college at Winchester.
He also rebuilt a great part of the cathedral of Win-
chester. Died in 1404.

See BISHOP LOWTH, "Life of William de Wykeham," 1758; LORD
CAMPBELL, " Lives of the Lord Chancellors."

Wy'lie, (ANDREW,) D.D., an American divine of the
Episcopal Church, born in Washington county, Pennsyl-
vania, in 1789. He became president of the'University
of Indiana in 1829. He published an English Grammar,
and other works. Died in 1851.

a. e, 1,6, u, y, /onjv a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o. ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fat, fill, lit; inSt; not; good; moon;


2 S3


Wy'man, (JEFFRIES,) an American anatomist, born
at Chelmsford, Massachusetts, in 1814. He was ap-
pointed in 1847 Hersey professor of anatomy at Har-
vard, and professor of comparative anatomy in the
Lawrence Scientific School. He published "Twelve
Lectures on Comparative Physiology," and was a con-
tributor to the " American Journal of Science" and other
periodicals. Died September 4, 1874.

Wy'nante or Wy'nantz, (JAN,) a celebrated Dutch
landscape-painter, born at Haarlem in 1600. His pic-
tures are generally of small size and great excellence.
He numbered among his pupils Wouwerman and
Adriaan van der Velde, who frequently painted, it is
said, the figures in his landscapes. Died about 1678.

Wyndham, wfnd'am, (Sir CHARLES,) Earl of Egre
mont, an English politician, was the eldest son of Sir
William Wyndham. His mother was a daughter of the
Duke of Somerset. He died in 1763, and left his title
to his son George. (See EGREMONT.)

Wyndham, (CHARLES,) a British actor, born in
1841. He took part in the American civil war, and
made his first appearance in America as an actor with
John Wilkes Booth (the assassin of President Lin-
coln.) He has played widely in leading parts in
America and Europe, and in German as well as Eng-
lish plays. He became manager of the Criterion
Theatre, London, in 1876.


Wyndham, (Sir WILLIAM,) an able English states-
man, born in 1687, belonged to an ancient family of
Somersetshire. He married a daughter of the Duke of
Somerset, joined the Tory party, and became a powerful
debater in Parliament. He was appointed secretary at
war in 1710 or 1711, and chancellor of the exchequer in
1713. He was an intimate friend of Lord Bolingbroke,
to whose interest he adhered after the quarrel between
that leader and the Earl of Oxford. On the death of
Queen Anne he was removed from office, (1714.) He
was committed to the Tower in 1715, on suspicion of
complicity in a Jacobite conspiracy; but he was soon
liberated, without a trial. He was one of the leaders of
the opposition to the administration of Sir Robert Wai-
pole, and had great influence in the House of Commons.
In 1734 he made a celebrated speech for the repeal of
the Septennial act. "His eloquence," says Speaker
Onslow, "improved by use, was strong, full, and with-
out affectation, arising chiefly from his clearness, pro-
priety, and argumentation ; in the method of which last,
by a sort of induction almost peculiar to himself, he
had a force beyond any man I ever heard in pubiic
debates." Died in 1740.

'Wynne, (JoHN HUDDLESTONE,) a British writer,
born in Wales in 1743, published "Fables for the
Female Sex," " A General History of Ireland," and
other works. Died in 1788.

Wy'pn, (WILLIAM,) an English engraver of coins
and medals, born at Birmingham in 1795. He became
second engraver at the Mint in London, and in 1838 a
Royal Academician, being the first artist in his depart-
ment who had won that distinction. His works com-
prise a great variety of subjects, scientific, artistic, and
war medals, and are ranked among the most admirable
productions of the kind. Died in 1851.

Wyrsch, wegRsh, (JoHANN MELCHIOR,) a Swiss
painter of history and portraits, born in Unterwalden in
1732. He worked for many years at Besan9on. Died
In 1 798.

Wyae, veez, or wiz, (LuciEN NAPOI^ON BONAPARTE,)

a French engineer, a son of Sir Thomas Wyse, and a
grandson of Lucien Bonaparte, was born in Paris in
1844. He studied in the Ecole Navale, entered the navy,
made extensive hydrographical and other scientific ex-
plorations, and in 1875 undertook the survey of the
Panama isthmus, his report being followed by the oper-
ations of M. de Lesseps on the Panama Ship-Canal.
His works embrace "From Valparaiso to Buenos
Ayres," (1869,) "From Montevideo to Valparaiso,"
(1877,) and Reports on the Panama Canal, (1879, 1885,
and 1890-91.) Died in Paris August 12, 1895.

Wyae, (Sir THOMAS,) an English writer and diplo-
matist, born about 1800. In 1821 he married Letitia
Bonaparte, a niece of Napoleon I. He was minister
at Athens from 1849 to 1862. He wrote, besides other
works, " Walks in Rome," and an " Excursion in the
Peloponnesus in 1858," (2 vols., 1865,) which is praised
by the " Edinburgh Review" in an article entitled " Sir
Thomas Wyse's Peloponnesus," (October, 1865.) Died
in 1862.

Wyshart. See WISHART.

Wysocki, vi-sots'kee, (JOSEPH,) a Polish patriot and
soldier, born in Podolia in 1809. He fought in the
revolution of 1830, and in 1848 entered the Hungarian
service. After the defeat at Temesvar he took refuge in
France. He was the author of a treatise on " The Art

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 411 of 425)