Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

. (page 417 of 425)
Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 417 of 425)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Creuzer. He published, besides other works, an edition
of Aristotle's " Ethica Nicomachea," " Ferienschriften,"
(3 vols., 1826-33,) a series of treatises, and a "Manual
of Roman Epigraphy," (1850.) He became professor at
Heidelberg in 1847. Died January 24, 1873.

Zell, ts51 or z51, (ULRICH,) the first printer of Cologne,
established a press in that city about 1462, and pub-
lished, among other works, " Augustinus de Vita Chris-
tiana," and "Biblia Latina."

Zeiler, zeTlaiR', (BERTHOLD,) a French historian, a
son of J. S. Zeiler, was born September 25, 1848, studied
(1869-72) at the Ecole Normale Superieure, and held
professorships of history successively at Bourges, Amiens,
and several of the Parisian colleges. Besides " Richelieu
et les Ministres de Louis XIII," he has published an ex-
cellent work entitled " Henri IV et Marie de Medicis,"
(1876.)

Zeiler, tsSller, (EouARD,) a German theologian, born
in Wiirtemberg in 1814, published, among other works,
"Platonic Studies," (1839,) "The Theological System
of Zwingle," (1853,) and "State and Church," (1873.)

Zeiler, (JoHANN GOTTFRIED,) a learned German phy-
sician, born in Wiirtemberg in 1656. He was professor
of medicine at Tubingen, where he died in 1734.



a, e, t, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, ii, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure: fir, fill, fat; met; not; good; moon



ZELLER



2519



ZENU



Zeller, (JULES SYLVAIN,) an able French historian,
born in Paris, April 23, 1820. After a brilliant course
of study at the College Charlemagne and in Germany,
he held professorships successively at Bordeaux, Rennes,
Strasburg, Aix, the Sorbonne, and the ficole Polytech-
nique. He was afterwards rector of the academy at
Strasburg, and in 1876 was made inspector-general of
superior instruction. In 1874 he was elected to the
Academy of Moral Sciences. Among his works are
" Ulrich de Hutten," (1849,) " Histoire de 1'ltalie," (1852,)
"Les Empereurs romains," (1863,) " Entretiens sur
1'Histoire," (1865,) " Italie et Renaissance," (1869,)
"Les Tribunes et les Revolutions en Italie," (1874,)
" Histoire d'Allemagne," etc.

Zelotti, dzi-loftee, (BATTISTA,) an Italian painter,
born at Verona in 1532, was contemporary with Paul
Veronese, to whom in some respects he is esteemed
superior. Among his master-pieces are a series of
frescos at Cataio, representing the achievements of the
Obizzi family. Died in 1592.

Zelter, tsel'ter, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a distinguished
German composer, born at Berlin in 1758. He was
nstructed in music by Fasch, whom he succeeded in
1 800 as teacher of the Academy of Singing, called by
his name. In 1809 he was appointed, by the King of
Prussia, professor of music in the Academy of Arts and
Sciences at Berlin. He numbered among his pupils the
celebrated Mendelssohn, and was an intimate friend of
Goethe. He died in 1832, leaving his " Correspondence
with Goethe," which appeared in 1833.

Zeltner, tsjlt'ner, (GusTAV GEOKG,) a learned Ger-
man philologist and writer, born near Nuremberg in 1672.
He was professor of theology and Oriental languages
at Altdorf for twenty-four years. Died in 1738.

Zenale, dzi-na'la, (BERNARDINO,) an Italian painter
and architect, born about 1450. He worked at Milan,
where he was often consulted by Leonardo da Vinci.

Zend Avesta. See ZOROASTER.

Zendrini, dzjn-dree'nee, (BERNARDO,) an Italian
natural philosopher, born in 1679, resided at Venice,
where he was appointed chief engineer to the republic.
He was also employed in various important works by
the Austrian government, and published several valuable
treatises on hydraulics, astronomy, etc. Died in 1747.

Zenner, tsln'ner, (GOTTFRIED,) a German philologist
and jurist, born at Altenburg. He was for twenty years
secretary to the Prince of Anhalt. According to the
"Biographic Universelle," he was born in 1596 and
died in 1721.

Ze'no or Ze'non, [Gr. Zr>vuv ; Fr. ZENON, zi'ndN';
It. ZENONE, dza-no'ni,] a celebrated Greek philosopher,
the founder of the school of Stoics, was born at Citium,
in the island of Cyprus, about 355 B.C. He was a pupil
of Crates the Cynic, and afterwards received instruction
from Stilpo and Polemon at Athens. He settled at
Athens at an early age, and, having formed a new sys-
tem by selections from different philosophers, he opened
a school in the Athenian porch, called arod. Tmwi7.ii, (Stoa
Poicile,) "painted Porch, (or Portico.") His disciples
were at first called Zenonians, but afterwards they were
styled the philosophers of the Porch, (or Portico,) or,
more briefly, "those of the Porch," oj /c TTK aroaf, or ol
aru'imi, (in Latin, Sto/ici, English " Stoics.") He is said to
have taught philosophy at Athens for fifty-eight years.
His discipline was severe. He was distinguished by
his gravity, modesty, austere morality, and firmness of
character. In the use of words he aimed at sententious
brevity. He wrote a number of works, which are not ex-
tant. Our information about the principles of his system
is very scanty. He is said to have taught, among other
things, that virtue is the summum bonum, and that the
accordance of individual reason with the universal Reason
(i.e. the Divine Law) is virtue ; and to have originated
the fourfold division of the affections, desire and fear,
pleasure and pain. The doctrine of the Stoics that pain
is not an evil has excited much wonder and some ridi-
cule, both in ancient and modern times ; but essentially
the same doctrine has been held by great and heroic
men in all ages. Zeno meant nothing more than that
pain, (including sickness, toil, grief for the loss of one's
property, etc.,) causing a mere temporary inconvenience



to the body,* was not to be classed in tne same category
with such evils as crime, cowardice, or dishonour, evils
which stamp themselves indelibly upon the soul. In
comparing the doctrines of the Stoics with those of
Epicurus, it is a triumphant recommendation of the
former that, after the introduction of Grecian letters and
philosophy among the Romans, those who were the most
eminent of all for public and private virtue such as
Cato the Younger, Marcus Aurelius, and many others-
were among the disciples of the Porch, while scarcely
one man of distinguished virtue can be pointed to in the
ranks of the Epicureans.t It was a glorious testimony
to the character of Zeno both as a man and as a teacher
of virtue that, though a stranger, the Athenians reposed
in him the most unbounded confidence while he was
alive, and after his death they decreed him a golden
crown and a public burial, because, during his long
residence at Athens, he had, both by precept and by a
consistent example, led the young men who attended his
school to the practice of wisdom and virtue. Zeno died
about the age of ninety-eight, and was succeeded by Cle-
anthes as the head of the school. The Stoic philosophy
appears to have been somewhat modified by several of
the disciples and successors of Zeno. Some of the Stoics
maintained that the wise man is perfect ; that he only U
rich, free, noble, and beautiful: "Solos sapientes esse,
si distortissimi sint, formosos ; si mendicissimi, divites ;
si servitutem serviant, reges." (Cicero, "Pro Murena.")
According to Cicero, they taught that all sins were
equal, that a wise man is never mistaken, never change*
his mind, and is never moved by compassion.

See DIOGENES LAERTIUS, " Life of Zeno :" RITTER, " History
of Philosophy;" G. H. LEWES, " Biographical History of Philoso-
phy ;" CICERO, " De Finibus" and " Academica :" FOREMUS, " Zeno
Philosophus," 1700: JENICHEN, " De Zenone Cittico," 1724; TIEDE-
MANN, "System der Stoischen Philosophic." 3 vols., 1776; SMITH,
"Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography," etc.

Ze'no or Ze'non [Gr. Z^vuv] OF ELEA, [Lat. ZE'NO
ELEA'TES ; Fr. ZENON D'ELEE, zi noN'da'la',] an eminent
Greek philosopher, born at Elea, in Southern Italy, about
495 B.C He was the favourite disciple of Parmenides,
in company with whom he visited Athens when Socrates
was very young. Plato, in his dialogue entitled " Par-
menides," states that Zeno was about forty years old
when he came to Athens. According to Plutarch, Zeno
was one of the masters of Pericles. It is probable that
he remained at Athens for several years ; but the events
of his life are mostly involved in obscurity. According
to a tradition current among the ancients, Zeno took an
active part in the public affairs of Elea, and lost his life
in an attempt to liberate that city from a tyrant. His
doctrines were the same as those of Parmenides. Their
doctrine of absolute unity produced a great effect at
Athens. Zeno was distinguished by his subtle and bold
dialectic. "What is," says Victor Cousin, "the most
original and prominent trait of Zeno as a philosopher?
It is evidently the invention of dialectic, considered as
a system and an art." Diogenes Laertius reports, on the
authority of Aristotle, " that Zeno was the inventor of dia-
lectic." He was the first Eleatic philosopher that wrote
in prose. His works, which were mostly polemical and
refutations of attacks on the system of Parmenides, have
not come down to us. He attempted to disprove the
possibility or reality of absolute motion by several argu-
ments founded on the infinite divisibility of space and
time. He also showed the absurd consequences which
result from the hypothesis of those who deny the prin-
ciple of absolute unity and maintain the plurality of the
existent.

See DIOGENES LAERTIUS, " Life of Zeno of Elea ;" LUNDBLAD,
' Dissertatio de Zenone Eleate," 1805 ; RITTER, " History of Phi-



" The same general idea was carried still farther by the early
Christians. Thus, Saint Paul says, " We GLORY in tribulations,
(Romans v. 3,) and James, " My brethren, count it ALL JOY when ye
fall into various trials," (iretpao-Moic TTOIKI'AOIS.) (Epistle of James, i.
2.) Nor is this view limited to the early Christians. " I am fully con-
vinced," says Zschokke, "that THERE is NO EVIL IN THE WORLD
BUT SIN." In another place he says, "Though some may shake
their heads incredulously, it is a fact that worldly suffering HAS
OFTEN NOT BEEN DISAGREEABLE TO MS." (See Zschokke's "Auto-
biography.")

t The only exception that we can call to mind is Pomponius At-
ticus, an amiable and most estimable man in private life, but without
any just claims to public virtue.



as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/: G, H. K. guttural: N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in this. (JElP"See Explanations, p. 23. i



/.ENO



2520



ZENOBIA



.osophy ;" G. H. LEWES, " Biographical History of Philosophy ;'
TIBDEMANN, " Geist der speculative Philosophic ;" VICTOR COUSIN
article "Z^non" in the "Biographic Universelle;" CRELL, " De
Zenone," 1724; V. COUSIN, " Nouveaux Fragmens philosophiques. >r

Zeno OF SIDON, a Greek philosopher, mentioned by
Suidas as a disciple, of Diodorus Cronus and a teacher
of Zeno the celebrated Stoic, He wrote a defence of
Socrates.

Zeno OF TARSUS, a Stoic philosopher, was a son
of Dioscorides, and a pupil of Chrysippus, whom he
succeeded as the head of the school of the Portico.

Zeno, a Greek physician, mentioned by Galen, was
n eminent disciple of Herophilus. He lived probably
about 200 B.C.

Zeno, a Greek historian, born at Rhodes, was a con
temporary of Polybius. He wrote on the history of
Rhodes.

Zeno, an eminent Greek Epicurean philosopher, born
at Sidon, flourished about 60 B.C. Cicero, who heard
him at Athens, speaks favourably of his abilities.

Zeno, a Greek sculptor, born at Aphrodisias, in
Caria, is supposed to have flourished in some part of
the period between 50 and I5OA.D. Several of his works
are extant.

Zeno, [Fr. ZENON, zi'n6N',] Emperor of the East, was
a native of Isauria, and a son-in-law of Leo I., upon
whose death, in 474 A.D., he usurped the throne. Leo
I. had appointed as his successor his infant grandson
Leo, who was a son of Zeno, and who died a few months
after the death of Leo I. Zeno is represented as de-
praved, cruel, and incapable. His reign was disturbed
by revolts and foreign wars. He was driven out of his
capital by Basiliscus in 475, but was restored in 477
A.D. Theodoric the Great invaded the dominions of
Zeno, and was about to take his capital, when Zeno per-
suaded him to conquer Italy, and thus saved himself.
Died, without issue, in 491 A.D.

See TILLEMONT, " Histoire des Empereurs ;" La BEAU, " His-
toire du Bas-Empire."

Zeno, dza'no, (ANTONIO,) a Venetian navigator, born
between 1330 and 1340, belonged to the noble family of
Zeni or Zena, and was a brother of Niccolo, noticed
below. About 1391 he performed a voyage to Frisland,
and joined Niccol6. (See ZENO, Niccoi.6.) Died about
1405.

Zeno, (ANTONIO,) a Venetian scholar, a relative of
the preceding, lived about 1570-90.

Zeno, (APOSTOLO,) an Italian litttrateitr and drama-
tist, born at Venice in December, 1668. He became
editor in 1710 of the "Giornale de' Letterati d'ltalia," a
literary periodical of a high character, and about 1717
repaired to Vienna on the invitation of the emperor
Charles VI., by whom he was appointed court poet and
historiographer. He published numerous operas or
melodramas of superior merit, and contributed greatly
to the improvement of that species of composition.
Among his other principal works are his " Historical,
Critical, and Literary Dissertations on the Italian His-
torians," biographies of Davila and Guarini, and a
collection of Letters. In 1729 he quitted Vienna, and
returned to Venice, where he passed the rest of his life.
He published twenty volumes of the " Giornale de' Let-
terati," (1710-18.) He was eminent as a critic, and was
well versed in antiquities. "Zeno was regarded," says
the " Biographic Universelle," " as the greatest lyric poet
that Italy had produced when Metastasio appeared on
the scene. . . . He delights us by his invention, by his
fecundity, by the truth of his pictures, and by his knowl-
edge of the dramatic art." His treatises on antiquities,
entitled " Dissertazioni Vossiani," (2 vols., 1752,) are
highly esteemed. Died in November, 1750.

See FABRONI, "Vitx Italorum doctrina excellentium," vol. ix. ;
FRANCESCO NHGRI, "Vita di Apostolo Zeno," 1816; TIPAUJO,
" Biografia degli Italian! illustri."

Zeno, (CARLO,) an able Venetian admiral, born about
1334, was a brother of Niccol6, noticed below. He
conducted at Constantinople the negotiations by which
Venice acquired Tenedos in 1376. About that date the
Venetians were involved in the war of Chiozza against
the Genoese and their allies. Zeno served on land until
'379i when he obtained command of a fleet, captured
several vessels, and sailed to Beyroot to convoy some



rich cargoes from the Levant to Venice. When he
returned, in January, 1380, he found the republic in a
critical position, the Genoese having taken Chiozza and
entered the lagoons. He was received as the liberator
of his country, was appointed commander of the land-
army, and retook Chiozza. On the death of Pisani,
August, 1380, he became grand admiral. Several years
later he was procurator of Saint Mark. In 1403 he
defeated the Genoese admiral Boucicaut near Modon.
He is represented by Sismondi as " the most virtuous
citizen and greatest man of Venice" of that age. (" Bio-
graphie Universelle.") Died in 1418.

See " Life of Carlo Zeno," (in Latin,) by his grandson, TACOPO
ZKNO. 1544; DIVIACO, "Compendio della Vita di C. Zeno," 1591
DARU, " Histoire de Venise ;" SISMONDI, " Histoire des Republiques
Italiennes."

Zeno, (CATERING,) grandson of Antonio, (the first of
the name,) was Venetian ambassador to the Persian
court in 1472. He published after his return an account
of his travels, which is no longer extant

Zeno, (JACOPO,) grandson of Carlo, noticed above, was
born in 1417. He rose through various preferments to
be Bishop of Padua in 1459. He wrote a life of his
grandfather, Carlo Zeno, in Latin, and "Lives of the
Pontiffs, "(" Vitae Summorum Pontificum.") He enjoyed
a high reputation as a pulpit orator. Died in 1481.

Zeno, (Niccoi.6,) a Venetian navigator, born about
1330, was a brother of the great admiral Carlo Zeno.
He commanded a galley in the war against the Genoese
in 1379, and was reputed to be one of the richest pa-
tricians of Venice in 1381. About 1388 he fitted out a
ship at his own expense and sailed towards England on
a voyage of exploration. Before he had reached Eng-
land he was driven by a storm and wrecked on an island
which he calls Frisland. He then entered the service
of a prince named Zichmini, who employed him in mari-
time and warlike enterprises, in the course of which he
discovered the islands of Estland, Grisland, and Engrone-
land. After he had lived four years in Frisland, he
invited his brother Antonio to join him. Antonio went
there and passed many years in the service of Zichmini.
Niccoli died about 1396. Geographers disagree about
the position or identity of the islands which he dis-
covered. Walckenaer thinks that one of them was
Iceland. The narrative of the voyages of the Zeni (ths
plural of Zeno) was printed at Venice in 1558.

Zeno, (Niccoi.6,) a Venetian writer, born in 1515.
He published in 1558 an account of the travels of
Caterino Zeno in Persia and the East, compiled from
his letters to his friends. Died in 1565.

Zeuo, (PiETRO CATERING,) a brother of Apostolo,
noticed above, was born at Venice in 1666. He became
professor of philosophy in his native city, and was asso-
:iated with his brother as editor of the "Giornale de'
Letterati," which he continued to edit alone from 1718
to 1728. Died in 1732.

Ze'no, [Fr. ZENON, za'noN',] SAINT, a native of Africa,
became Bishop of Verona about 362 A.n. He is com-
mended for his charity to the poor. He died in 380,
"eaving many sermons, which were printed in 1508.

Ze-no'bl-a, [Gr. Zcvofia or Z^voSta; Fr. ZENOBIE,
zi'no'be',] (SEPTIMIA,) a famous and ambitious queen
of Palmyra, was a daughter of Amroo, an Arab chief.
She was renowned for her beauty, learning, and martial
and political abilities. She was mistress of the Greek,
1-atin, Syriac, and Egyptian languages. Her husband,
Ddenathus, King of Palmyra, died about 266 A.D.,
eaving two minor sons, Herennius and Timolaus,
She assumed the royal diadem, with the title of Queen
of the East, performed the active duties of sovereign,
and continued the conquests which Odenathus had
)egun. Palmyra was then a magnificent city, adorned
with Grecian porticos of marble and porphyry and
enriched by an extensive commerce. Her dominion
extended from the Euphrates to the Mediterranean, and
over a large part of Asia Minor, and was acknowledged
>y subjects of various races. The eminent Greek critic
and writer Longinus served her as secretary and coun-
sellor. She is said to have been a prudent and liberal
ruler. She sometimes marched on foot at the head of
ler army, the toils of which she shared. Soon after the
accession of the emperor Aurelian, in 270 A.D., she



a. e, T, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, p, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; not; good; inarm;



ZENOBIA



2521



ZETES



wrote a letter to him, asserting her independence and
refusing allegiance to the Roman empire.

Aurelian conducted in person an army against the
Queen of Palmyra, and defeated her forces in two battles,
near Antioch and near Emesa. He then besieged Pal-
myra, which she defended for along time with heroic
courage, but it was taken in 272 or 273, and she was
carried to Rome fettered with golden chains. She was
paraded as a captive before the imperial chariot in the
triumphal procession of Aurelian, who in other respects
treated her with clemency, and gave her a villa at Tibur,
where she passed the rest of her life with her children.

See TREBELLIUS POLLIO, "Triginta Tyranni ;" ZOSIMUS, "His-
tory of the Roman Empire;" GIBBON, " Decline and Kail of the
Roman Empire :" E. F. WERNSDORP, " De Septimia Zenobia,"
1742; JOUVE DE HAUTEVILLE, " Histoire de Z^nobie," 1758: CAP-
rELLE, *'De Zenobia," 1817. See, also, "Letters from Palmyra,"
by WILLIAM WARE, 1836-38.

Zenobia, the wife of Rhadamistus, King of Ar-
menia, lived about 50 A.D. Her husband, pursued by
Ilis victorious enemies, threw her into a river, intending
to save her from capture by death, but she was found by
some shepherds, and restored to life.

Zenobie. See ZENOBIA.

Ze-no'bl-us, [Z^roffioc,] a Greek writer, who lived at
Rome about 100-130 A.D. He compiled a collection of
proverbs, which was printed at Florence in 1487 or 1497.

Ze-no'bl-us, [Fr. ZE.NOBE, zi'nob',] SAINT, an Italian
prelate, born at Florence about 334 A.D., was a zealous
opponent of Arianism. He became Bishop of Florence.
Died about 405.

Zenodore. See ZENODORUS.

Zen-o-do'ru3, [Gr. Zr/vodupo; ; Fr. ZENODORE, zi'no'-
doR',] an eminent Greek statuary, flourished about 50
A.D. After he had worked ten years in Gaul on a statue
of Mercury, he went to Rome, whither he was invited
by the emperor Nero. He made a colossal bronze statue
of Nero, one hundred and ten feet in height He was
also a skilful silver-chaser.

Zenodorus, a tyrant, who reigned over Trachonitis
and some adjoining territory. He annoyed neighbouring
people by predatory practices, or connivance at robbery.
For this reason Augustus deprived him of nearly all his
possessions, in 24 B.C. Died in 20 B.C.

Zenodote. See ZENODOTUS.

Ze-nod'o-tus OF ALEXANDRIA, a grammarian, lived
after the time of Aristarchus, whom he criticised for
his recension of the Homeric poems.

Zenodotua [Zi/MwSoTorj OF EPHESUS, [Fr. ZENO-
DOTE D'EpHESE, za'no'dot' da'f4z',] a celebrated Greek
grammarian, flourished about 280 B.C. He was a dis-
ciple of Philetas, and was the first librarian of the great
library of Alexandria. He and two other critics were
employed by Ptolemy Philadelphus to revise or edit
all the Greek poets. Zenodotus devoted his attention
chiefly to the works of Homer, in which he made con-
siderable changes and inserted various readings. His
edition or recension of Homer was highly esteemed by
ancient critics. He was the author of a Glossary, and a
" Dictionary of Foreign Phrases."

See HHFFTHR, " Programma de Zenodoto," etc., 1839.

Zenofonte. See XENOPHON.

Zenon. See ZENO.

Zenone. See ZENO.

Zentner, tsent'ner, (GEORG FRIEDRICH,) BARON, a
German statesman and jurist, born at Strassenheim in
1752, became professor of civil law at Heidelberg in 1779,
and in 1823 minister of justice in Bavaria. Died in 1835.

Zepernic. See COPERNICUS.

Zepernick, tsa'peR-nik', (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man jurist, born at Halle in 1751, published several
legal works. Died in 1801.

Zeph-a-ni'ah [Heb. mS ; Fr. SOPHONIE, so'fo'ne',
called SOPHONI'AS in the Septuagintl was one of the
twelve minor prophets, and flourished under the reign
of Josiah, King of Judah. He foretold the fall of Nin-
eveh, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the subsequent
captivity of the Jews.

Zephirin. See ZEPHYRINUS.

Zeph'yr, [Gr. Zt^vpof ; Lat. ZEPH'YRUS ; Fr. ZK-
PHYRE, za'feR'; Sp. ZEFIRO or CEFIRO, tha'fe-ro or



thefe-ro ; It. ZEFFIRO, dzef*fe-ro,] in classic mythology,
was a personification of the west wind, and was called a
son of Astraeus and Aurora. The poets feigned that
he married Chloris or Flora, and had a son named
Carpus, (fruit.)

Zephyre and Zephyrus. See ZEPHYR.

Zeph-y-ri'nus, [Fr. ZEPHIRIN, za'fe'rlN'.] SAINT, a
native of Rome, was elected pope about 202 A.D. During
his pontificate the fifth persecution of the Christians
took place, under Septimius Severus. He died about
217 A.D., and was succeeded by Calixtus I.

ZeplichaL, tsep'liK-al, (ANTON MICHAEL,) a German
Jesuit and writer, born in Moravia in 1737. He pub-
lished many scientific works, which were extensively
used in schools. Died at an advanced age.

Ze'rali, called in Egyptian annals Azecb Amen, a
king of Ethiopia, whose capital was Napata, in Southern
Egypt. He conquered Egypt, and invaded Palestine,
where Asa, King of Judah, completely defeated him at
Zephath. In consequence of this defeat, Zerah aban-
doned not only Palestine but Egypt also.

Zerbi, dz?R'bee, [Lat. DE ZER'BIS,] (GABRIEL,) an
eminent Italian anatomist, born at Verona. He had
lectured several years at Rome, when he became pro-
fessor of medicine at Padua about 1495. His chief work
is " Anatomy of the Human Body," (" Liber Anatomise
Corporis humani," about 1490,) which contains the
germ of several discoveries in anatomy. Died in 1505.

Zerbis, de. See ZERBI.

Zerboui di Sposetti, tseR-bo'nee de spo-zet'tee,
(JOSEPH,) a German, of Italian extraction, born at
Breslau in 1766. Having written, in 1796, a letter to


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 417 419 420 421 422 423 424 425

Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 417 of 425)