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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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the Governor of Silesia, showing the unreasonableness
of attaching an unlimited importance to the right of
birth in the nobility, he was, on a charge of high treason,
imprisoned three years by order of Frederick William
III. His case having at last been brought to trial, he
was liberated, and subsequently employed in several
public offices. Died in 1831.

See PIERER, " Univarsal-Lexikon."

Zerdusht. See ZOROASTER.

Zeruitz, tseR'nits, (CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man didactic poet, born at Tangermunde in 1717. His
" Didactic Essays" are highly commended. All of his
works are posthumous. Died in 1744.

Zerola, dzi-ro'la, (TOMMASO,) an Italian canonist,
born at Benevento in 1548, became Bishop of Minori in
1597. He published " Episcopal Duties or Business,"
(" Praxis Episcopalis," 1597.) Died in 1603.

Zerreuuer, tser-ren'ner, (HEINRICH GOTTLIEB,) a
German educational writer, born at Wernigerode in
1750, published, among other works, the " Deutschei
Schulfreund," (46 vols., 1791,) and "Manual of the
Christian Religion," (1799.) Died in 1811.

His son, KARL CHRISTOPH GOTTLIEB, was the author
of several works for the use of children and of schools.

Ze-rub'ba-bel or Zo-rob'a-bel, [Heb. S:i31J.] *
Jewish chief or prince, was a son of Salathiel. He
conducted from Babylon to Judea the Jewish captives
who were liberated by Cyrus, King of Persia, about 536
B.C. To him, also, was confided the mission to rebuild
the Temple at Jerusalem.

See Ezra ii. 2, iv. 2, and v. 2 ; Zechariah iv. 6 ; Matthew i. 12.

Zeschau, von, fon tsesh'ow, (HEINRICH ANTON,) a
Saxon statesman, born in 1789, rose through various
offices to be minister of foreign affairs in 1835. He was
removed in 1848. Died at Dresden in 1868.

Zeschau, von, (HEINRICH WILHELM,) a Saxon
officer, born in 1760, served against the French in the
principal campaigns from 1793 to 1813, and attained the
rank of lieutenant-general. He was appointed governo-
of Dresden in 1823. Died in 1832.

Zese. See ZESEN, VON.

Zesen, von, fon tsa'zen, or Zese, tsa'zeh, [Lat. Cx'-
SIUS,] (PHILIPP,) a German writer, was born near Dessau
in 1619. He was the author of a number of poems and
prose works having for their object the improvement of
the German language. Died in 1689.

Ze'teB or Ze'thes, [Gr. Zr/rri; ; Fr. ZETHES, zi'tes',1
in the Greek mythology, a son of Boreas, King of Thrace,



as k: c as s; g hard; g as /'. G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as :: th as in this. (2^"See Explanations, p. 23.'



ZETHUS



2522



ZIAN1



and a twin brother of Calais. He is mentioned among
the Argonauts. The poets feigned that Zetes and Calais
had wings, and that they delivered Phineus from the
Harpies that plagued him.

Ze'thus [Gr. ZijOor] was a reputed son of Jupiter
and Antiope, and a twin brother of Amphion, King of
Thebes. These brothers, sometimes called DIOSCURI,
(" sons of Jove,") were exposed together in infancy, and
eventually reigned together at Thebes.

Zetterstedt, zet'ter-stet', (JoHAN WILHELM,) a
. Swedish naturalist, born in the province of East Goth-
land in 1785. He studied at Lund, and subsequently
made a scientific tour in Sweden, Norway, and Southern
Lapland. He became in 1839 professor of botany and
agriculture at Lund, and in 1846 rector of that university.
Among his principal works may be named his " Orthop-
tera Sueciae," (1821,) "Fauna Insectorum Lapponica,"
(1828,) and "Diptera Scandinavia," (40 vols., 1842-52.)
The last work obtained the great Linnasan medal from
the Academy of Sciences at Stockholm. Died in 1874.

Zeune, tsoi'neh, (AUGUST,) a German teacher and
writer, born at Wittenberg in 1778, published several
geographical works and treatises on the education of the
blind. Died in 1853.

Zeune, [Lat. ZEU'NIUS,] JOHANN KARL,) a German
philologist, born in Saxony in 1736. He edited several
works of Xenophon, and was professor at Wittenberg.
Died in 1788.

Zeus, [Gr. Zri>c, genitive Ziyvof, and Aioc,] the chief
divinity of the Greek mythology, corresponding to the
Jupiter of the Romans. He was represented as the son
of Cronos and Rhea, and the father of Mars, Minerva,
Mercury, Venus, Apollo, and other gods. According
to Homer, he held his court on Mount Olympus, was
styled the father of gods and men, and was the most
powerful among the immortals, so that even Fate was
subordinate to his will. He married his sister Hera,
(Juno.-) His attributes and symbols were the sceptre,
the eagle, and the thunderbolt. (See JUPITER.) The
poets feigned that he and the other gods occupied a
palace or city built by Vulcan on the summit of Mount
Olympus, (in Thessaly,) which rises above the clouds.
The actual height of Olympus is about six thousand
feet. The Greeks erected to Zeus a magnificent temple
at Olympia, near Elis, where the Olympic games were
celebrated. This place was profusely adorned with the
most splendid monuments of architecture and sculpture,
among which was a colossal statue of Zeus, executed by
Phidias, and generally regarded as the most admirable
as well as greatest of all his works.

Zeuss, tsoiss, (JoHANN KASPAR,) a German philolo-
gist and historical writer, born in Upper Franconia in
1806, became professor of history at Bamberg in 1847. He
wrote "Grammatica Celtica," (1853,) etc - Die d in 1856.

Zeux-i'a-dea, [Zn>(a<57?r,] a Greek statuary of the
school of Lysippus, flourished about 350 B.C.

Zeux'is, [Zri'f,' a Greek painter of great celebrity
and almost unrivalled skill, was born at Heraclea about
450 B.C. It is not known which of the cities named
Heraclea was his birthplace. According to several
ancient authorities, he lived about 425-400 B.C. Plutarch
states that he flourished when Pericles erected the great
monuments of Athens, and Pliny tells us that " the doors
of the art, which were opened by Apollodorus, were
entered by Zeuxis in the 95th Olympiad," (about 4008. c)
The name of his master is not certainly known. Accord-
ing to Pliny, he was a pupil of Demophilus of Himera
or of Neseas of Thasos. He belonged to the Asiatic
or Ionian school of art, which excelled in the reproduc-
tion of sensual charms. He appears to have studied or
worked at Athens during the life of Apollodorus, wh_*
was older than Zeuxis, and who complained that Zeuxis
had robbed him of his art. This is understood to signify
that Zeuxis surpassed him in light and shade or in
colouring, the parts of the art in which Apollodorus
especially excelled. Zeuxis was renowned for his accu-
rate imitation of the human form, and for the noble style
of his design, in which he combined energy with gran-
deur. He succeeded better in the imitation of form than
in the expression of character. He executed an exten-
sive work in the palace of Archelaus, King of Macedonia,



who reigned from 413 to -599 B.C. He also worked ir
Southern Italy, and probably at Ephesus. After he had
amassed a fortune by his art, he often gave his pictures
as presents. Pliny relates a story of a trial of skill be-
tween Zeuxis and Parrhasius, the former of whom painted
a bunch of grapes so naturally that a bird flew at the
picture to eat the fruit. (See PARRHASIUS.) Among his
master-pieces were a "Female Centaur," "The Infant
Hercules strangling the Serpent," "Penelope lamenting
the Absence of Ulysses," and "Jupiter in the Assembly
of Gods." His most celebrated work was a picture of
Helen, which he painted for the city of Croton, on which
he inscribed several lines of Homer's "Iliad," (iii. 156:)
" No wonder such celestial charms
For nine long years have set the world in arms." POPE.

Cicero informs us that Zeuxis selected five of the most
beautiful virgins of Croton as models for this picture.
"He deserves," says Emeric-David, "by the choice of
his models and the grandeur of his style, to be compared
to the prince of sculptors, (Phidias ;) and if he was
defective in some quality, Greece pardoned him for the
sake of the merit which constitutes the basis of the art,
that is, precision of design and nobleness of form."
("Biographic Universelle.")

See PLINY, " Natural History," joocv. ; CICBRO, " De Inventis :"
LUCIAN, "Zeuxis;" CARLO D ATI, "Vitede 1 Pittori antichi," 1667;
QUINTILJAN. X:L 10.

Zeuxis, a Greek physician, often quoted by Galen,
lived probably about 250 B.C. He belonged to the school
of Empiric!, and wrote commentaries on Hippocrates.

Zevallos or Cevallos, tha-vil'y6s, ( PEDRO OR-
DONES,) a Spanish voyager, born in Andalusia between
1550 and 1590. He wrote an "Account of his Travels
in America, East India," etc., (1614.)

Zevecot, za'veh-kot', (JAMES,) a Latin poet, born
at Ghent in 1604. He became professor of history at
Harderwyck. He wrote elegies, epigrams, tragedies,
etc., which were admired. Died in 1646.

Zeyad or ZeiSd, za'yld', a famous Arabian warrior,
born about 625 A.D., was a brother of the caliph
Moaweeyah I. He was highly distinguished by his
eloquence. He became governor of Bassorah and of
the eastern provinces of the empire. Died in 673 A.D.

Zeyd or Zeid, zad or zld, a servant of Mohammed,
distinguished for his fidelity and devotion to the prophet
(See MOHAMMED.)

Zhookofsky. Zhukofsky, or Joukovaki, zhoo-
kofskee or zhoo-kov'skee, written also Shukowski,
(VASILII ANDREEVITCH,) a celebrated Russian poet,
born near Bielev, in the government of Penza, in 1783,
began his literary career at an early age by several
contributions of great merit to a journal of Moscow. In
1802 he published a translation of Gray's "Elegy in a
Country Church-Yard," which established his reputation
and ranks among the best of the numerous versions of
that popular poem. He succeeded Karamzin in 1808
as editor of the literary periodical entitled "Viestnik
Evropui." In the campaign of 1812 he joined the Mos-
cow volunteers, and rendered most effective service to
his country's cause by his spirited ballads entitled " The
Minstrel in the Russian Camp." These songs, which
obtained the greatest popularity with all classes and
won for him the especial favour of the emperor and
empress, were followed by his "Ziudmilla," an imitation
of Burger's " Lenore," and " Svietlana," a poem, which
is esteemed his finest production. On the marriage of
the grand duke Nicholas, Zhookofsky was appointed
teacher of the Russian language to his wife, and after-
wards became preceptor of the young prince, since
Alexander II. Besides the above-named works, he pub-
lished a number of prose essays and tales, one of which,
entitled " Mary's Grove," is especially admired. He also
made numerous excellent translations from the English,
German, and other languages. He died in 1852, and a
monument was erected to his memory by the emperor
Nicholas.

Ziani, dze-a'nee, (SEBASTIANO,) was elected Doge of
Venice in 1172. He instituted the annual ceremony of
the marriage of Venice with the sea. In his reign the
church of Saint Mark was built Died in 1179.

His son PIETRO succeeded the famous Dandolo as doge



a, e, T, o, u, y, /</,;',' a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T. o, n, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscun; far, fall, fat; met; n&t; good; nif,i i ;



ZIEBLAND



ZIMMERMANN



in 1205. During his reign the Venetians completed the
conquest of the Greek empire. Died in 1229.

Ziebland, tseep'lant, (GEORG FRIEDRICH,) an emi-
nent German architect, born at Ratisbon in 1800, was a
pupil of Quaglio. He was patronized by King Louis of
Bavaria, at whose expense he visited Italy. He de-
signed several public edifices of Munich. His capita]
work is the large and splendid basilica or church of
Saint Boniface, at Munich. Died July 24, 1873.

Ziegelbauer, tsee'gel-bow'er, (M.,) a learned German
Benedictine monk, born at Elwangen, in Suabia, in 1696.
He wrote a " Literary History of the Benedictine Order,''
(4 vols., 1754,) and other works. Died in 1750.

Ziegenbalg, tsee'gen-balG', (BARTHOLOMEW,) a Ger-
man theologian and missionary, born in Lusatia in 1683,
was sent out by the King of Denmark to India in 1706,
remaining in that country till 1714. He sailed a second
time in 1716, and died at Tranquebar in 1719. He pub-
lished a " Tamul Grammar," (" Grammatica Damulica,")
a translation of the Bible into the Tamul language,
(" Biblia Damulica,") and other works.

Ziegler, tseec'ler, (BERNARD,) a German Protestant
theologian, born in Misnia in 1496. He became pro-
fessor of Hebrew at Leipsic, and published several
sermons. He was acquainted with Luther, who highly
esteemed him. Died in 1566.

Ziegler, [Lat. ZIEGLE'RUS,] (CASPAR,) an able Ger-
man jurist and Protestant canonist, born at Leipsic in
1621. He became professor of law at Wittenberg in
1654. Besides several treatises on civil law, he pub-
lished a work " On Bishops and their Laws or Rights,"
(" De Episcopis eoruinque Juribus," 1685.) Died in
1690.

Ziegler, ze'a'glaiR', (CLAUDE Louis,) a skilful French
painter of history and portraits, was born at Langres in
1804, and was a pupil of Ingres. He was employed by
Louis Philippe to decorate the cupola of the church
of Madeleine, in which he painted religious allegorical
scenes. Among his works are " The Death of Foscari,"
" Jacob's Dream," and " Daniel in the Den of Lions."
Died in December, 1856.

Ziegler, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a celebrated Ger-
man actor and dramatist, born at Brunswick in 1760.
He was patronized by the emperor Joseph II., and
performed at the court theatre for nearly forty years
with great reputation and success. His tragedies and
comedies were also highly popular: one of the latter,
entitled "The Four Temperaments," (" Die vier Tem-
peramente,") still keeps its place on the stage. He
likewise wrote several critical treatises on the drama.
Died in 1827.

Ziegler, (HIERONYMUS,) a German poet and biog-
rapher, born at Rotenburg about 1520. Among his
works is " Cyrus Major," (" Cyrus the Great,") a drama,
(1547.) Died after 1562.

Ziegler, |Lat. ZIEGLE'RUS,] (JAKOB,) an eminent
German theologian and mathematician, born in Bavaria
about 1480. In pursuit of knowledge he visited Italy,
became secretary of General George Frondsberg, and
witnessed the sack of Rome in 1526. He afterwards
passed many years at Passau, the bishop of which
furnished him with means to pursue literature. He
published, besides other books, a work (in Latin) on
the geography of Palestine, Arabia, etc, (1532.) Died
in 1549.

Ziegler, (WERNER KARL LUDWIG,) a German writer
on theology, etc., was born near Liineburg in 1763. He
as professor of theology at Rostock. Died in 1809.

Ziegler, von, fon tseec'ler, (FRANZ,) a Swiss medical
writer, born at Schaffhausen before 1700. He was pro-
fessor of medicine at Rinteln, and published several
treatises. Died in 1761.

Ziegler und Klipphausen, von, fon tseeo'ler oont
klip'how'zen, (HEINRICH ANSELM,) a German writer,,
born in Upper Lusatia in 1653, produced, conjointly with
]. G. Hamann, a romance entitled "The Asiatic Banise,"
(1688,) which enjoyed great popularity. Died in 1697.

Zieglerus. See ZIEGLER.

Ziem, ze'em', (FELIX,) an eminent French landscape-
painter, born at Beaune about 1822. He visited Italy
and the East in 1845-48, and obtained a medal of the



first class in 1852. Among his works are "The Grand
Canal of Venice," a "View of Antwerp," "Constant!
nople," and " Evening at Venice."

Zier, zeer, (VICTOR CASIMIR,) a French painter, born
in Warsaw, September 26, 1822. Among his pictures
are " Saint Magdalene in the Wilderness," " Daniel in
the Lions' Den," " The Blessed Virgin and Saint Mary
Magdalene with the Crown of Thorns," "Saint Peter
healing a Lame Man," "The Transfiguration of Saint
Leonhard," and "The Flight into Egypt."

Zietheu, von, fon tsee'ten, (HANS ERNST KARL,)
COUNT, a Prussian general, born in 1770, served in
the campaigns of 1813 and 1815, and had a prominent
part in the victory of Waterloo. He was afterwards
appointed commander of the army of occupation in
France, and in 1835 was made a field-marshal. Died
in 1848.

Ziethen, von, (HANS JOACHIM,) a Prussian general
and distinguished favourite of Frederick the Great, was
born in 1699. He served in the Silesian campaigns of
1742 and 1745, and subsequently in the Seven Years'
war, being conspicuous for his skill and bravery at
Reichenberg, Prague, Kolin, and Torgau. He was
soon after made a general of cavalry by the king, who
also loaded him with other distinctions. He died in
1786, and a statue, by Schadow, was erected to his
memory, by order of Frederick William II., in the
Wilhelmsplatz, Berlin, (1794.)

See L-UISE J. L. VON BLUMENTHAL, *' Leben des Generals von
Ziethen," 1707, (and English translation of the same, London, 1802;)
WERNEH HAHN, "H. J. von Ziethen, Preussischer General," etc,
1850.

Zigliara, tseel-ya'Ra, (ToMMASo,) a Corsican cardinal,
born at Bonifacio, October 29, 1833, was made in 1879 a
cardinal-deacon. His edition of the "Complete Works
of Saint Thomas Aquinas" is one of the best ever pub-
lished. Died May 10, 1893.

Zilioli, dze-le-o'lee, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian his-
torian and lawyer, born at Venice before 1600. He
published in 1642 a history of the period from 1600 to
1640, entitled " Storie memorabili de' nostri Tempi "
Died in 1650.

Zille, tsil'leh, (MORITZ ALEXANDER,) a German theo-
logian, born near Zittau in 1814. He wrote, besides
other works, " The Kingdom of God," (" Das Reich
Gottes," 1850.)

Zimara, dze-ma'ra, (MARCANTONIO,) an Italian physi-
cian, born at Galatina about 1460 ; died at Padua in 1532.

Zimisces. See JOHN I., EMPEROR OP THE EAST.

Zimmerl, von, fon tsim'meRl, (JoHANN MICHAEL,)
an Austrian, born at Ernstbrunn in 1757, became a
member of the imperial commission for commerce, and
published several works relating to the laws of trade
and exchange.

Zimmermann, tsim'mer-man', (ALBERT,) a German
Dainter, born at Zittau in 1809. He is noted for his
mountain-, forest-, and lake-pictures. Died in 1888.

Zimmermann, tsim'mer-man', (ERNST,) a German
:heologian and pulpit orator, born at Darmstadt in 1786.
He studied at Giessen, and was appointed in 1816 court
areacher in his native city. He was the founder of the
"' Allgemeine Kirchenzeitung," and other religious and
iterary journals, and published, among other works, a
' Homiletic Hand-Book for Thinking Preachers," (1812.)
Died in 1832.

Zimmermann, (FRANZ JOSEPH,) a German writer on
ogic and philosophy, born near Freiburg in 1795 ; died
n 1833.

Zimmermann, (HEINRICH,) a German voyager, born
in the Palatinate. He served as a sailor in the third
voyage of Captain Cook, (1776,) and published "A
Voyage around the World with Captain Cook," (1782.)

Zimmermann, (JoHANN JAKOB,) a German enthu-
siast, called by some a fanatic, was born in Wurtemberg
n 1644. He is said to have been a man of superior
:alents, and to have adopted the opinions of Jacob
Bb'hme. He preached at various places in Germany.
Died in 1693.

Zimmermann, tsim'meR-man', (JOHANN JAKOB,) a
Swiss writer, born at Zurich in 1685. He became pro-
fessor of natural law at Zurich in 1731, and professor of



e as k : c as s: g hard; g as /; G, H, K,^uttural: N, nasal; R, trilled; as z; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.)



ZIMMERMANN



2524



ZINKEN



theology in 1737. He wrote a " Life of J. B. Cramer,"
and several works on theology. Died in 1756.

Zimmermann, JOHANN KARL,) distinguished as a
writer on surgery, was born in Si'.esia in 1803. He
practised surgery in Leipsic.

Zimmermann, (KARL,) a German divine and pulpit
orator, brother of Ernst, noticed above, was born in
1803. He became court preacher at Darmstadt, and
published a number of sermons and religious works,
nd a life of his brother Ernst. Died June 12, 1887.

Zimmermann, (KARL FERDINAND,) a German
painter of history, portraits, and genre, was born in
Berlin in 1796.

Zimmermann, (MATTHIAS,) a Protestant theologian,
born at Eperies, in Hungary, in 1625. He preached at
Eperiesfrom 1652 to 1660, after which he became minister
and superintendent at Meissen. He was skilful in the
exposition of Scripture, and was author of several works.
Died in 1689.

Zimmermann, von, fon tsim'mer-man', (CLEMENS,)
a German painter, born at Dusseldorf in 1 789. He studied
at Munich, and, having visited Italy, was appointed, after
his return, professor of painting in the Academy of that
city, (1825.) Among his best works may be named a
series of illustrations of Anacreon in the dining-hall of
the royal palace at Munich, and a colossal " Ascension
of the Virgin," in a church in Australia. Died in 1869.

Zimmermann, von, (EBERHARD AUGUST WIL-
HELM,) a German writer, born at Uelzen, in Hanover,
in 1743, became professor of physics in the Caroline
College at Brunswick in 1766. He published a number
of geographical, political, and scientific works, among
which we may name a treatise "On the Compressi-
bility and Elasticity of Water," (1779,) "France and
the Republics of North America," (1795,) and "The
Geographical Pocket-Book." An abridgment of the
last work, entitled "The Earth and its Inhabitants,"
came out in 1810, in 5 vols. Died in 1815.

Zim'mer-mann, von, [Ger. pron. fon tsim'mer-
man',] (JoHANN GEORG.) an eminent Swiss philosopher
and physician, born at Brugg, near Berne, December 8,
1728. He was liberally educated, and studied medicine
under Haller at Gbttingen, where he graduated as M. D.
in 1751. On this occasion he wrote an able thesis on
Irritability. He began to practise medicine at Berne
about 1752, and married a relative of the celebrated Hal-
ler, who was his friend. About 1754 he became public
physician ( Stadt-physiais ) at Brugg, where he acquired
a wide repHtation as a practitioner and as a writer, but
he suffered from ill health, hypochondria, and the want
of congenial society. He published a "Life of Haller,"
(1755,) and a work "On National Pride," ("Vom Na-
tionalstolze," 1758,) which had great popularity and was
translated into various languages. His next important
work was "On Experience in Medicine," ("Von der
Erfahrung in der Arzneikunst," 2 vols., 1763,) which was
highly esteemed, and, in the opinion of some critics, is
his chief title to celebrity.

In 1768 he obtained the place of physician to his
Britannic majesty at Hanover, with the title of aulic
councillor. He had a very extensive practice at Hano-
yer, but he continued to be a victim of melancholy, and
regretted his separation from the Swiss mountains. He
also lost his wife in 1770, and his son became insane.
His spirits were somewhat revived by a second marriage
In 1782. He published in 1784 and 1785 his celebrated
work "On Solitude," ("Von der Einsamkeit," 4 vols.,)
which was translated into r.ll the languages of Europe.
Catherine II. of Russia expressed her approbation of
this work by the present of a diamond ring, and an
invitation to come to Saint Petersburg and serve her as
physician, but he declined that honour. He went to
Potsdam to attend Frederick the Great in his last illness
in 1786, and published a book entitled "Fragments on
Frederick the Great," (3 vols., 1790,) which, by intem-
perate attacks on several eminent German savants, gave
much offence and impaired the author's popularity. He
was a zealous adversary of the French Revolution, and
became involved in political controversy to an extent
that was fatal to his peace of mind. A victim to painful
hallucinations, lie imagined that the French army was



marching to Hanover on purpose to kill or persecute
him. He died at Hanover in October, 1795,

"His conversation," says Goethe, "was varied and
highly instructive, and, for one who could pardon his
active sense of his own personality and merits, no more
desirable companion could be found. . . . Every one
who reads his writings, especially his excellent work
on Experience, will perceive more definitely what was
discussed between him and me. His influence was the
more powerful over me from the twenty years that he
was my senior. . . . His severity towards his children
was a hypochondria, a partial insanity, a continuous
moral homicide, which, after having sacrificed his chil-
dren, he at last directed against himself." ("Truth and
Poetry from my Own Life," book xv.)

See TISSOT, "Vie de Zimmermann," 1797; WICHMANN, "Zim-
mermann," (in German,) 1796; MARCARD, "Biographic des J. C.
von Zimmermann," 1796; "Zimmermanns eigene Lebensbeschrei-
bung," (autobiographic,) i?gi ; SAINTK-BKUVK, "Causeries da
Lundi'" " NouTeUe Biographic Gen^rale."

Zimmern, tsim'mern, (HELEN,) a German-English
author, born at Hamburg, March 25, 1846. In 1850 she
was taken to England, and has resided in Nottingham
and in London. Her principal works are "Stories in
Precious Stones," (1873,) "Told by the Waves," (1874,)


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 418 of 425)