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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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"Schopenhauer, his Life and Writings," (1876,) "G. E.
Lessing, his Life and his Works," (1878,) "Half-Hours
with Foreign Novelists," (1880,) " Tales from the Edda,"
(1882,) "The Epic of Kings," (1882, paraphrased from
the Persian of Firdousee,) etc. She has published trans-
lations from the German, and is a large contributor to
German and English periodical literature.

Zim'ri, [Heb. "lDi,J King of Israel, assassinated King
Elah, and usurped the throne, in 929 B.C. He was at-
tacked by Omri, and, unable to resist him, committed
suicide in the same year.

Zincgreff. See ZINKGREF.

Zincke, tslnk'keh, (CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man painter in enamel, born at Dresden about 1684.
He resided many years in England, where he obtained
the patronage of the royal family. Died in 1767.

Zingarelli, dztn-ga-rel'lee, (NiccoLO,) an eminent
Italian composer, born at Naples in 1752. He studied
at the Conservatory of Loretto, and in 1806 succeeded
Guglielmi as chapel-master of the Vatican at Rome.
He was successively appointed by Napoleon director
of the Conservatory at Rome, chapel-master of Saint
Peter's, and director of the new Conservatory at Naples.
He produced a number of operas, which enjoyed a tem-
porary popularity ; but his reputation rests principally
on his sacred music, including the grand oratorios o?
" La Gerusalemme liberata" and " II Trionfo di Davide."
Died in 1837.

See R, GUARINI, "Cenni storici di N. Zingarelli." 1837; MA-
CHKSE DI VILLAROSA, " Elogio storico di N. Zingarelli," 1837.

Zingaro, IL See SOLARIO, DA.

Zingg, tsing or tsink, (ADRIAN,) a Swiss engraver
and designer, born at Saint Gall in 1734, studied under
Aberli and Wille. He was appointed in 1766 professor
of engraving in the Academy of Arts, Dresden. Among
his master-pieces are prints after Ruysdael, Dietrich,
and Van der Neer. Died in 1816.

Zingia. See JENGIS KHAN.

Zini, dzee'nee, (PiETRO FRANCESCO,) an Italian Hel-
lenist, born at Verona about 1520, translated into Latin
the works of several Greek Fathers. Died after 1575.

Zink, von, fon tsfnk, (FRIEDRICH,) BARON, a German
poet, born in Thuringia in 1753. He wrote a number
of short poems, which are highly commended. He lived
at Emmendingen. Died in 1802.

Zinkeisen, tsink'i'zen, (JoHANN WILHELM,) a Ger-
man historian, born at Altenburg in 1803. He edited
at Berlin the "Official Gazette" (" Staats-Zeitung")
from 1840 to 1851. He published, besides other works,
a " History of the Ottoman Empire in Europe," (7 vols.,
1840-62,) and a " History of the Greek Revolution," (a
vols., 1840.) Died in 1863.

Zinken, tslnk'en, (GEORG HEINRICH,) a German
financier and writer, born near Naumburg in 1692. He
published, besides other works on political economy
and finance, " Cameralistenbibliothek," (1751.) Died
in 1769.



. e,],o,ii,y, /nY A, e, A, same, less prolonged; 5, e, T, o, u, J, short: a, e, i, o, obscure ; fir, fill, fit; met; not- good; nionn:



ZINKGREF



ZIZKA



Zinkgref or Zincgreff, tsJnk'greT, (Juuus WIL-
HELM,) a German lyric poet, born at Heidelberg in 1591.
His principal work is "Deutschen Apophthegmata,"
(2 vols., 1626-31,) a collection of epigrams, anecdotes,
etc. Died in 1635.

Ziim, tsin, (JoHANN GOTTFRIED,) a German physician
and anatomist, born near Anspach in 1727. He became
professor of medicine at Gbttingen in 1753, and wrote
several able treatises on anatomy. Died in 1759.

Zin'zen-dorf, von, [Ger. pron. fon tslnt'sen-doRf,]
(NiCOLAUS LUDWIG,) COUNT, a German theologian, dis-
tinguished as the founder or restorer of the sect of Mora-
vians or Herrnhuters, was born at Dresden on the 26th
of May, 1700. He was a son of Georg Ludwig, cham-
berlain and minister of Augustus, Elector of Saxony,
who died while this son was an infant. He was educated
under the care of his grandmother, the Baroness von
Gersdorf, a friend of Jakob Spener. In 1710 he was
sent to the Seminary of Halle, where he became a pupil
of Francke and a convert to pietism. He devoted him-
self to religious studies and duties, and formed at Halle
a mystical society called the " Order of the Grain of
Mustard." About 1716 he removed from Halle to the
University of Wittenberg, where he studied law and
remained three years. He had received from nature a
lively imagination, the faculty of eloquence, and great
personal beauty and dignity. His religious tenets were
similar to those of the Lutherans.

In 1719 he travelled in Holland and France, to obtain
information about the state of the churches, and perhaps
to exchange ideas with persons eminent for piety. During
this tour he preached at various places, and was in the
habit of advocating the truths of the gospel in private
houses and in worldly society. He would have entered
into holy orders if his relatives had not interposed. In
1722 he married the countess Erdmuth Dorothea Reuss,
and went to reside at Bertholdsdorf, in Lusatia. A few
members of the Moravian Church, driven by persecution
from their native country, sought refuge with him in 1 722,
and were permitted to form a settlement on his estate.
This settlement received the name of Herrnhut, the
" Lord's guard," or the "Watch of the Lord," and was
joined by many other emigrants. Zinzendorf entered
into fellowship with them, became their patron, and
acquired great influence over them. They professed a
conformity to the doctrines of the Lutheran Church.
To propagate his principles, he published a religious
periodical, called the " German Socrates," and numerous
other works. Missionaries were sent out from Herrnhut
to America in 1732, and colonies were planted in various
parts of Europe.

" Although his own conduct," says Southey, " was
more uniformly discreet than that of any other founder
of a Christian community, (it would be wronging the
Moravian Brethren to designate them as a sect,) he was
involved in difficulties by the indiscretion of others and
the jealousy of the government under which he lived.
He was therefore ordered to sell his estates, and after-
wards banished." (" Life of John Wesley," vol. i.) About
1734 he became a tutor in a family at Stralsund, that
he might pass through the regular examination as a
candidate in divinity, and was ordained at Tubingen as
a minister of the Lutheran Church. He was banished
from Saxony in 1736, after which he travelled exten-
sively. He gained the favour of Frederick William I.
of Prussia, who caused him to be ordained a bishop in
'737 by his own chaplain. In 1738 he met John Wesley
in Germany. "They parted," says Southey, "with a
less favourable opinion of each other than each had
entertained before the meeting."

Zinzendorf visited Pennsylvania in 1742, preached for
some time at Germantown, and established congrega-
tions of his disciples at Bethlehem and Nazareth. He
returned to Europe in 1743, and was permitted in 1747
to become a resident of Herrnhut. In 1749 he visited
England, and obtained an act of Parliament authorizing
the establishment of Moravian missions in North Amer-
ica, lie wrote numerous hymns, which are used in the
Moravian churches. In his early writings he gave offence
by expressions which seemed to border on indecency,
nd which he afterwards condemned. On this subject



Southey remarks, " Seeing the offensiveness, if not the
danger, of the loathsome and impious extravagances
into which they had been betrayed, they corrected their
books and their language ; and from that time they have
continued to live without reproach."

"The Moravian doctrine," says Goethe, "had some-
thing magical, in that it appeared to continue, or rather
to perpetuate, the condition of those first times, [i.e. the
apostolic times.] It connected its origin with them, and
had never perished, but had only wound its way through
the world by unnoticed shoots and tendrils, until a single
germ took root under the protection of a pious and
eminent man, once more to expand wide over the world."
(" Autobiography," book xv.) Zinzendorf died at Herrn-
hut in May, 1760. Among his works is an account of his
early travels, entitled " The Journey of Atticus through
the World." He had several children.

See VARNHAGBN VON ENSE, "Leben des Grafen von Zinzendorf,"
in his " Denkmale," vol. v. ; SPANGENBERG, " Leben des Grafen von
Zinzendorf," 1775 ; (S. JACKSON'S English version of the same," 1838;)
J. G. MULLER, " Leben des N. von Zinzendorf;" VERBBCK, " Leben
des Grafen von Zinzendorf," 1845 ; F. BOVBT, " Le Comte de Zinzen-
dorf," 1865.

Zinzendorf, von, (PHILIPP LUDWIG,) COUNT, an
Austrian diplomatist and minister of state, born in 1671.
He obtained the title of first chancellor of the court
in 1705, and represented Austria at the conference of
Utrech', (1712.) A few years later he succeeded Prince
Eugene as chief minister. He is said to have been re-
sponsible for the war against France and the quadruple
alliance. He resigned in 1740, and died in 1742.

His son, of the same name, born in Paris in 1699, be-
came a cardinal in 1727, and Bishop of Breslau in 1732.
Died in 1747.

Zinzerling, tslnt'seR-ling', (JOHANN,) [called in Latin
JODO'CUS SINCE'RUS,] a German philologist, born in
Thuringia about 1590. He settled at Lyons, and pub-
lished, besides other works, " A Guide to Travellers
in France," ("Itinerarium Gallise," 1612.) Died about
1618.

Zirardini, dze-raR-dee'nee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian
jurist, born at Ravenna in 1725 ; died in 1784.

Ziska, zls'ka, or Zizka OF TROCZNOW, (tRotch'nov,)
(JoHN,) a famous Bohemian general and leader of the
Hussites, was born near Trocznow about 1360, (or, as
some say, about 1380.) He fought in the Polish army
against the Teutonic knights, and against the Turks
in Hungary. Having entered the English service, he
greatly distinguished himself at the battle of Agincourt,
in 1415. Soon after this event he was appointed cham-
berlain to Wenceslaus, King of Bohemia. Ziska was a
disciple of John Huss, who was burned at the stake at
Constance in 1415. He urged the king to revenge " the
bloody affront that the Bohemians had suffered at Con-
stance," and is said to have received permission from
Wenceslaus to vindicate the rights of the Hussites by
arms. Ziska raised an army in 1419, and took the chief
command. Just after the war began, Wenceslaus died,
and the throne was claimed by Sigismund, Emperor
of Germany ; but the Hussites refused to recognize him.
In August, 1420, Ziska defeated the Imperial army near
Prague. In 1421 he lost his only remaining eye at a
siege ; but he continued to command the army in person.
Sigismund raised a new army, and invaded Bohemia,
but was routed by the Hussites in January, 1422. Ziska
also defeated in the same year an army of Saxons, who
were allies of Sigismund. He is said to have been vic-
torious in thirteen pitched battles. The Hussites having
been divided into two parties, Ziska became the leader
of that party which was called Taborites. Sigismund
at last made overtures for peace, but, before the treaty
was concluded, Ziska died, in October, 1424, after which
the war was continued for many years. He left a high
reputation as a patriot and champion of liberty and
equality.

See G. GILPIN, "Life of J. Ziska," in "The Lives of John
Wickliffe and the Most Eminent of his Disciples," etc, 1764:
LBNPANT, " Histoire de la Guerre des Hussites :" PALACKY,
' History of Bohemia ;" ARNOLD. " History of the Hussites," (in
Bohemian,) 1848; MAJOR-GENERAL I. MITCHELL, "Biographies of
Eminent Soldiers of the Last Four Centuries," 18'

Zi zim. See JEM.
Zizka. See ZISKA.



ries," 1865.



" as k: 9 as s; g hard; g as/: G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as t; th as in this.



xplanations, p. 23. )



ZOBAIDAH



2526



ZOLLNER



Zobaidah or Zobaydah. See ZOBEIDAH.

Zobeidah, zo-ba'dah or zo-bl'dah, written also Zo-
beydah, Zobaidah,' and Zobaydah, [Fr. ZOB^IDE,
zo'ba'ed',] a celebrated Persian princess, distinguished
by her wisdom, virtue, and beneficence, born about 765
A.D., was the cousin-german and wife of Haroun-al-
Raschid. She had a son Ameen, (Amin,) who became
caliph. After the death of Haroun-al-Raschid she resided
at Bagdad. Died in 831 A.D.

Zob^ide. See ZOBEIDAH.

Zobel, tso'bel, (BENJAMIN,) a German artist, born at
Memmingen, in Bavaria, in 1762, resided many years in
England, where he was patronized by George III. He
was distinguished for his skill in painting on gold and
silver grounds, and was the inventor of a method of
painting called marmotinto. Died in 1831.

Zobeydah. See ZOBEIDAH.

Zoboli, dzo'bo-lee, (ALFONSO,) an Italian astronomer,
born at Reggio in the sixteenth century ; died about
1640.

Zoccoli, dzok'ko-Iee, (CARLO,) an Italian architect,
born at Naples in 1718 ; died in 1771.

Zo'e [Gr. Zui)] L, called CARBONOPSINA, Empress of
the East, was the wife of Leo VI., whom she survived.
She had a son, Constantine VII., (Porphyrogenitus.) She
died about 919 A.D.

Zoe H., Empress of the East, a daughter of Constan-
tine IX., was married to Romanus Argyrus, who became
emperor in 1028. She caused him to be murdered in
1034, and took in his place Michael IV. After his
death, in 1041, she was married twice, to Michael V.
and Constantine X. Died in 1050.

Zoega, tso-a'ga, (GEORG,) an eminent Danish archae-
ologist, of Italian extraction, was born in the county
of Schackenburg, Jutland, in 1755. He studied at Got-
tingen, and in 1776 made the tour of Switzerland and
Italy. In 1782 he made his third visit to Rome, where
he continued to reside for the greater part of his life.
He was patronized by Pope Pius VI. and Cardinal
Borgia, and was appointed, through the influence
of the latter, interpreter of modern languages to the
Propaganda College. He published in 1787 his "Numi
/Egyptii Imperatorii prostantes in Museo Borgiano
Velitris," etc., being a catalogue of the Egyptian coins
struck by the Roman emperors, contained in the Borgian
Museum. This work was received with great favour,
and was followed by his treatise on obelisks, entitled
" De Origine et Usu Obeliscorum," (1797,) which is
esteemed one of the most valuable productions of the
kind. Besides the above works, he published a cata-
logue of the Coptic manuscripts in the library of Car-
dinal Borgia, (" Catalogus Codicum Copticorum," etc.,)
and an account of the antique bas-reliefs at Rome,
entitled " Bassi-Rilievi antichi di Roma," (2 vols., 1808.)
The latter, written conjointly with Piranesi, was left
unfinished. Zoega was appointed in 1802 professor in
the University of Kiel ; but he was exempted from the
duties of the office, and permitted to remain at Rome,
where he died in 1809.

See WELCKHR, " Zoega 's Leben, Sammlung seiner Briefe,"etc.,
2 vols., 1819; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Zoellner. See Z6LLNER.

Zoea, zoos, [Lat. ZOE'SIUS,! (HENRY,) a Flemish jurist,
born at Amersfort in 1571. He became professor of law
at Louvain about 1607, and wrote several works on law.
Died in 1627.

Zoest. See S6sr.

Zoffani or Zoffany, zof'fa-ne or tsoPfa-nee, (JOHANN,)
a German painter, born in 1735, settled in England, where
he acquired the friendship of Sir Joshua Reynolds and
was patronized by the royal family. He became one of the
first members o f the Royal Academy in 1768. Among
his principal works are an " Indian Tiger-Hunt" and
"The Embassy of Hyder Alee to Calcutta." Died in
1810.

See PiLKrNGTON, "Dictionary of Painters."

Zogoskin or Zagoakin, za-gos'ken or zo-gos'kin,
(MIKHAIL NIKOLAIVITCH,) written also Zogoskine,
a Russian novelist and dramatic writer, of Tartar ex-
traction, was born in the government of Penza in 1789.
Having published several popular comedies, he brought



out in 1829 his romance entitled " George Miloslavsky,
or the Russians in 1612," which met with enthusiastic
favour from all classes in Russia, as a faithful picture
of the national character and manners. Besides the
above, he wrote several other novels, and a number of
prose essays. Died in 1852.

Zoheir, zo'hir', an Arabian poet, contemporary with
Mohammed. He was the author of one of the seven poems
of the " Moallakat," which Sir W. Jones published, with
an English version, in 1782. He was the father of the
poet Kaab.

Zoile. See ZOILUS.

Zol-lua, [Gr. ZuZAoc ; Fr. ZOILE, zo'el',] a Greek
critic and grammarian ot uncertain period. According
to Vitruvius, he was a contemporary of Ptolemy Phila-
delphus, (285-247 B.C. ;) others think that he flourished
about 360-330 B.C. He was notorious for the malignity
of his criticism of Homer, whom he censured for intro-
ducing fabulous and incredible stbries into his poems.

Zola, zo'li', (It. pron. dzo'li), (MILE,) a French
author, the son of a noted Italian engineer, was born in
Paris, April 2, 1840. He was educated at the Lycee Saint-
Louis, and for some years was employed in a publishing
house. His works of fiction, marked by a coarse and
unattractive naturalism, are very numerous. Among
them are "Contes a Ninon," (1863,) "La Confession de
Claude," (1865,) " L'Assommoir," (1877, which had an
immense currency,) " Une Page d'Amour," (1878,)
' ' Nana, " ( 1 880, ) " Pot bouille, ' ' ( 1 882, ) etc. Among
his later works are " Lourdes," (1894,) "Rome,"
(1896,) and " Paris," (1898.) He attained reputation
in another field by his earnest defence in 1897 of
Captain Dreyfus, in which he boldly arraigned the
army magnates. He was tried for libel during an ab-
sence from France, and sentenced to fine and im-
prisonment, but escaped it by remaining away until
after the revision of the Dreyfus trial.

Zola, dzo'li, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian theologian, born
near Brescia in 1739. He was professor of history at
Pavia, and favoured the reforms of the emperor Joseph
II. Died in 1806.

Zolkiewski, zol-ke-ev'skee, (STANISLAS,) a Polish
general, born in 1547. He became general-in-chief of
the army of Sigismund III. about 1609. He invaded
Russia and captured Moscow in 1610. In 1620 he
conducted an army against the Turks. Having been
deserted by some mutinous officers and men, he was
overpowered by the Turks and killed the same year.

Zoll. tsol, (HERMANN,) a German jurist, born in 1643.
He became professor of law at Marburg in 1674, and
published a number of able legal works. Died in 1725.

Zol'll-cof'fer or Zollikoffer, (FELIX,) an American
general, born in Maury county, Tennessee, in 1812. He
became editor of the " Nashville Banner," a Whig paper
and was elected to Congress in 1852. Having taken
arms against the Union, he commanded the force which
was defeated at Mill Spring, where he was killed on the
igth of January, 1862.

Zollikofer, tsol'le-ko'fer, (GEORG JOACHIM,) an emi-
nent Swiss theologian and pulpit orator, born at Saint
Gall in 1730. He finished his studies at Utrecht, and
in 1758 became pastor of the Calvinistic congregation at
Leipsic, where he exercised a most beneficial influence
by his eloquence and the excellence of his character.
He was the author of several religious treatises and
hymns of great merit, and numerous sermons, a com-
plete collection of which appeared, in 15 vols., in 1789.
Died in 1788.

Zolling, tsol'ling, (THEOPHIL,) a German poet and
author, born at Scafati, near Naples, December 30, 1849.
He was brought up in Switzerland, and studied at Vienna,
Heidelberg, and Bonn. He lived for some time in Paris,
and then in Berlin. He is one of the best of the German
feuilletonists, having a style at once elegant, spirited,
piquant, and richly varied.

Zollner or Zoellner. tsb'l'ner, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH,)
a German writer, born at Neudamm in 1753. He was
minister of the church of Saint Nicholas, in Berlin
Died in 1804.

Zollner. ( JOHANN KARL FRIEDRICH,) a German



a. e, T, o, ii, y, long: 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, ii, y, short: a, e, j, Q, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; not; c<5od; moon;



ZOLLOGOOB




T, -,:>_, , ""oii.icaui oernn ana Hale

2 he became full professor of astronomical physics
at Leipsic. He wrote much on photometry, come s
the electro-dynam.c theory of matter, etc and made
improvements in the spectroscope. Died in 1882

Zpllogoob or Zollogub, zol'lo-goob, written also
llogub and ZoUohub, (VLADIMIR ALEXANDRO-
vncH,) a popular Russian writer, born at Saint Peters
burg about 1815, published a novel entitled "Tarantas '
which has been translated into English and German
also poems, essays, and dramas. Died June 16, 1882 '
Zon'a-ras, [Gr. Zc.vapof,] (JOANNES,) a Byzantine
theologian and historian of the twelfth century lived
under the reign of Alexius Comnenus, by whom he was
appointed to several high offices. He was the author
a Chromcon, or annals from the creation down to
1 118, which was continued by Nicetas Acominatus, also
Commentaries on the Sacred Canons " etc
Zonca, dzon'ka, (VICTOR,) an Italian mathematician
of the seventeenth century, was the author of a work
entitled "New Theatre of Machines," giving an account
of various mechanical inventions.

Zoobof or Zoubof, zoo'bof, written also Zoubov
and Subow, (PLATON,) a Russian courtier, born in
rZ' . He I b T ecame ln 1791 the favourite of the empress
Catherine II., who appointed him grand master of the

, a ,' 1 7J' ., I Wa V h L e most Powerful Russian subject
until the death of Catherine, (1796,) after which he was
disgraced. He was one of the conspirators that killed
raul I., in isoi. Died in 1822.



i, (MANUEL Ruiz,) a Spanish poli-
>orn at Burgo-de-Osma, in Castile, in 1834. He
a lawyer and liberal statesman, and took part in
.in insurrectionary movements. In :86S he was
appointed minister of public works. He was minister

rnrt ' Ce> 4 ',, 9 ~l' and Was afterwar ds president of the
Cortes. Af er the accession of King Alphonso to the
throne, Zonlla was compelled to leave the country
Zorn tsoRn, (PETER,) a learned German theologian

v P H ^ g ' r' b T, at Hambur g in l682 ' He w3
versed in the Greek language and antiquities, en which
he wrote several treatises. He often changed hfcrfS
>f residence. From ,7,5 to ,720 he was rector at PlorT

in ,7 am n P H e f^ f hiSt ry and el q ue nce at Stettin
in 1725. iJied at Thorn in 1746

Pe?? r "~7 S/ter ' [Gr ' ^^"W/ Lat. ZOROAS'TRES;
Persian, ZERDOOSHT or ZERDUSHT, zer'dtfosht Fr
/.OROASTRE , zo'ro'istR',] a Bactrian or Persian philos-'
opher, celebrated as the founder or reformer of the
igian religion. The time in which he lived is not
ascertained. According to the " Zendavesta," (in which
his name written ZARATHUSTRA,) he lived n therefen
of V,ta S pa, whom the Persians call Gushtasp, and
whom some writers .dentify with Hystaspes, the father
rt^h-h w- F '? d f, ee ' ( Firda "si,) in his great poem
the K S.^aah," likewise makes him contemporary



11 \ ..-n-.i,, a I\M-> .in Janice ana general was
a descendant of Vladimir the Great. He was the head
the government during the minority of Ivan IV bv
whose order he was executed in 1544

Zooiski, Zuiski, or Zouiski, (VASILII.) a son of the
preceding, distinguished himself by his successful de-
fence of Pleskow against the Polish general Zamoyski
ln ^ 5 . was mur dered by Boris Godoonof in 11:87
Zopelh, dzo-pel'lee, (GlACOMO,) a mediocre Italian
poet, born at Venice in 1639; died in 1718

Zopt tsopf, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) a German historian
born at Gera in 1691. He published in 1729 a " Uni
versal History." Died in 1774.

Zopfl, tsbpfl, (HEINRICH MATTHAUS,) a German
jurist, and professor of civil law at Heidelberg, was born
at Bamberg in 1807. He published a number of legal
ind political works. Died July 4, 1877.

Zoppio dzop'pe-o, (GIROLAMO,) an Italian writer,
born at Bologna in the sixteenth century. He translated
the first four books of Virgil's "^neid" into verse, and
wrote original poems, " Rime," (1567.) Died in 1591.

His son MELCHIOR, born at Bologna about 1544, was

professor of philosophy at that city about fifty years

He wrote four tragedies and two comedies. Died in

> 6 34-

Zoppo, dzop'po, (MARCO,) an Italian painter, born at



with r,,eht' mm contemporary

with Gushtasp. Some authors conjecture that he lived
more than ,500 years before the Christian era. The
first Greek writer that mentions him is Plato Ac-

idenfs 'zo^l*t" e i;" d XUSl Hermi PP us - and' other
r ooo years or more before
"~ ~" -'.^"n. regards him as a mvthiral
personage. Tradition presents him in the dhSSS
of legislator, prophet, pontiff, and philosopher The
doctrines usually ascribed to him are contained in the
"Zend A vesta," which may be termed the Zoroastr an
Scriptures These are written in the language of ancien"
Persia, and profess to give the revelations made by Or-
muzd to his servant and prophet Zarathustra, (Zoroaster )
Ihe Zoroastrian system of religion teaches that the


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 419 of 425)