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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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attend a conference for the discussion of the new doc-
trines, and proposed that the Holy Scripture should be
recognized as the standard by which doctrines must be
judged. To this conference the Bishop of Constance
tent John Faber, his vicar-general. Zwingle defended
his course, having previously published a list of articles
to be discussed, among which were the following : the
power arrogated to themselves by the pope and bishops
is not sanctioned by Scripture ; the marriage of priests
ought not to be forbidden ; and no one ought to be mo-
lested for his opinions. The result of the conference was
a decision of the council that Zwingie should continue
to preach the gospel as he had done heretofore. "His
simplicity, firmness, and gentleness," says Hess, "in-
spired his audience with great veneration ; his eloquence
and knowledge carried away those who were hesitating
between the two parties." ("Life of Zwingle.") In 1524
he married Anna ReinharL He published in 1525 a
work entitled " A Discourse on True and False Religion."
The mass was abolished at Zurich in 1525. About the
same time the monasteries were suppressed, and their
property was appropriated to the purposes of education
and charity.

Zwingle took part in a conference (between the Re-
formers and the Roman Catholics) which met at Berne
in 1528, soon after which the Reformed religion was
established in the canton of Berne. In 1529 he met
Luther and Melanchthon in conference at Marburg, lie
agreed with them in relation to fourteen articles of faith,
to which they all subscribed, but he differed from them
on the subject of the Eucharist, and rejected the doctrine
of the real presence. For this reason Luther refused
to give him the right hand of fellowship. The Swiss
Reformer was the less dogmatical of the two, and was
disposed to tolerate a difference of opinion on that point.
The Roman Catholic party continued to predominate in
most of the Swiss cantons, except Zurich, Glarus, and
Berne, and they persecuted those Protestants who lived
in Lucerne, Uri, Schwyz, etc. Zwingle had acquired a
high reputation for wisdom, and was often consulted by
the council of Zurich in relation to public affairs. His
adversaries having accused him of being the chief cause
of the dissensions which destroyed the peace of the
country, he offered to resign ; but the senate refused to
accept his resignation. In 1531 the five cantons of Lu-
cerne, Zag, Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden declared war
against Berne and Zurich, which were not well prepared
for the conflict. Zwingle was one of a small band that
marched out to meet the enemy, and was killed at the
battle of Cappel, in October, 1531. He left, besides
other works, an "Exposition of the Christian Faith," in
Latin, (1536.) His followers were called " Evangelicals."

See MVCOKIUS, "De Viu et Obitu Zwinglii," 1536; ZIKGLBK.
"Zwingli's Leben," 1719: TISCHER. "Zwingli's Leben." 1800: JG.
HESS, "Vie de Zwingle," iSio, which was translated into English
by LUCY AIKIN. 1812; PESTALOZZI, " B.lder aus dem Leben Zwin-
Rli's," 1819: M. RICHAUD, "Zwingli biographisch geschildert,'
i8icj: ROTERMUNDT, "Leben des Reformalor U. Zwingli.' 1819:
MULLFR, "Ulrich Zwingli," 1819: ROEDEK, " Erzahlungen aus
Zwingli's Leben," 1834: J. J. HOTTINGBR, 'ZwioRh mid sem
Zeit," 1842 : an English version of Hotlinger's work, by PnoFEisol
T. C. POSTER, 1856; N. CHRISTOPFEL, "Zwingli's Leben," 1847;
"Blackwood's Magazine" for August, 1828.

Zwingli or Zwinglius. See ZWINGLE,



a, e, i, o, u, J, lung; i, 4,6, same, less prolonged; a, e., 1, 5, ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; nit; good; moon.



ZWIRNER



253*



ZYPE



Zwiraer, tsfteeVnej, (ERNST FEIEDRICH,} an emi-
nent German architect, born at Jacobswald, in Silesia,
in February, 1802. He completed his studies at the
Royal Academy of Architecture and the University of
Berlin. In 1833 he was appointed architect of the ancient
Cologne Cathedra!, and undertook the completion and
restoration of that grand Gothic or medixval edifice,
which had never been finished. He expended many
years on this work, which is considered one of the
most successful and admirable specimens of restoration
which have ever, appeared. Zwirner designed the castle
of Count von Furstenberg at Herdringen, and several
castles' on the Rhine. Died in 1861.



Zyliua. See ZYLL.

ZyE, van, vin zil, [Lat. ZY'LIUS,] (Orao,) a Dutch
Jesuit, born at Utrecht in 1588. He gained some dis-
tinction as a Latin poet Died in 1656.

Zypaeus, zl-pa'us, or Van den Zype, vtn den zl'p? h,
(FRANCIS,) a Flemish jurist and canonist, born at Ma-
lines in 1578. He published several legal works. Died
in 1650.

His brother HENRY, born in 1577, was abbot of Saint-
Andre', and wrote several works. Died in 1659.

See HENDRIK Fsve, " Discours sur la Vie de F. Zypxus," 1853 ;
P. VAN DBN BROBCK, " De F. Zypxl Vita," etc., 1851.

Zype, van den. See ZYP^EUS.



as k; 9 zss; g hard; g as/; G, H, li,guttural; N, nasal; K, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (JJ^ = 'See Explanations, p. 23.)



VOCABULARY OF CHRISTIAN NAMES,



IT is perhaps scarcely necessary to say that the following Vocabulary of Christian (or first) Names is not intended
to be exhaustive, having been prepared simply to meet the most obvious demands of a work like the present, in
the body of which the pronunciation of names of the class referred to has rarely been given. In numerou*
InMances names which are properly surnames (such, for example, as Fisher AMES, Washington IRVING, etc.)
are used as Christian names. These are not included in the present Vocabulary, as they can readily be found in
their alphabetical place in the body of the work.

JE|f The order of arrangement in the Vocabulary is as follows : first the English, then the other names ac cording
to the alphabetical order of the languages to which they belong, as, Arabic, Danish, Dutch, French, etc. To
avoid multiplying the references, (which must in any case be pretty numerous,) we have generally given them
only when the name would be separated by some other name or names from the alphabetical place of the English
name under which it is noticed. The only exception to this rule occurs when the name referred from is so
different from the one referred to, that ordinary readers would not be likely to suspect the identity, as in the case of
ALONZO and ALPHONSO, etc.



AARON, a'run ; Arabic, HAROON or HAR()N, ha-roon';
Fr. AARON, i'ro.N'; Ger. AARON or AkON, i'ron ; Heb.
pinX; It. ARONNE, a-ron'ni; Lat AA'RON, (genitive,
AARO'NIS;) Port. AARio, l-row:*'; Sp. ARON, 3-ron'.

ABEL, a'bel ; Arabic, HABEEL or HABfL, hiTbeel';
Fr. ABEL, J'bSl'; Heb. Sin ; Lat, A'BEL, (genitive,
ABE'LIS.)

ABRAHAM, a'bra-ham ; Arabic, IBRAHEEM or IBRA-
Hf.M, ib-rl-heem'; Danish, ABRAHAM, aVRl-hJm ;
Dutch, ABRAHAM, a'bRl-h.lm ; Fr. ABRAHAM, i"bRi'-
/.Sm'; Ger. ABRAHAM, i'bRl-ham; Heb. Dm3X ; It.
ABRAMO, J-bRa'mo ; Lat. ABRAHA'MUS, (genitive in -I ;*)
Russ. AVRAAM, a-vRi-am', or ABRAMII, a-vRa'mee;
Sp. ABRAHAM, J-bRa-Jn'; Sw. ABRAHAM, i'bRa-him.

ABSALOM, ab'sa-Iom; Fr. ABSALON, Sb'sJ'loN'; Heb.

DiSeox.

ACHILLES, a-kil'liz; Fr. ACHILLE, i'shel'; Gr. 'A.t<A-
>rff, (Achillrus;) It. ACHILLE, J-kel'la ; Lat. ACHIL'LES,
(genitive, ACHIL'LIS;) Sp. AQUILES, a-kee'lls.

ADALBERT. See ETHELBERT.

ADAM, ad'am ; Arabic, ADAM, ad'am ; Danish, ADAM,
J'dJm ; Dutch, ADAM, i'dam ; Fr. ADAM, i'do.N'; Ger.
ADAM, i'dlm; Heb. 0^; It. ADAMO, 1-di'mo; Lat.
ADA'MUS, (genitive in -I ;*) Port AoAo, d-dowN'; Sp.
ADAN, a-dan'.

ADELINE, ad'e-line ; Danish, ADELINE, a-deh-lee'neh ;
Dutch, ADEUNA, d-deh-lee'na ; Fr. ADELINE, 5d16n';
Ger. ADELINE, a-deh-lee'n?h ; It. ADELINA, a-da-lee'nJ ;
Lat. ADELI'NA, (genitive in -.*.*)

A-DOL'PHUS, ("noble wolf:" see note under RALPH;)
Danish, ADOLF, a'dolf; Dutch, ADOLF, a'dolf; Fr.
ADOLPHE, S'dolf; Ger. ADOLF or ADOLPH, a'dolf; It
ADOLFO, a-dol'fo; Lat. ADOL'PHUS ; Sp. ADOLFO,
1-dol'fo; Sw. ADOLF, a'dolf.



* Latin names ending in ta usually have the genitive in i ; those
ending in a or en take the genitive in <r : of those names in this table
cot included under the foregoing rules, the genitive will always be
added.



ADRIAN, a'dre-an, or HADRIAN, ha'dre-an ; Danish,
ADRIAN, a'dRe-Jn; Dutch, ADRIAAN, a'dRe-Jn; Fr.
ADRIEN, f'dRe-a.N'; It. ADRIANO, a-dRe-i'no; Lat
ADRIA'NUS or HADRIA'NUS; Port ADRIANO, i-dRe-
a'no, or ADRIAO, 5-dRe-ow.N'; Sp. ADRIAN, a-dRe-in'.

See GILES.

N, eele-an; Fr. ELIEN, ale'a.N'; Lat.iLiA'NUS
(genitive in -I.)

AFFONSO. See ALPHONSO.

AGATHA, ag'a-tha, ("good;") Danish, AGATHE, S-gS'-
teh ; Dutch, AGATHA, J-gJ't3 ; Fr. AGATHE, fgSt'; Ger.
ACATHE, 3-gi'teh; Gr. 'Aj-aftj, (Agalhe;) It. AGATA,
a'gJ-tJ; LatAc'ATHA; Sp. AGATA, a'gi-tl ; Sw. AGATA,
5-gi'tl

AGNES, ag'nez, (" chaste;") Danish, AGNES, Sg'nJs, o
AGNETE, tg-na'teh ; Dutch, AGNES, Sg'nJs ; Fr. AGNES,
Sn'y?s'; Ger. AGNES, Sg'n?s; It AGNESE, Jn-ya'sa;
Lat AG'NES, (genitive, AGNE'TIS.)

AGOSTINHO. See AUGUSTINE.

AIM^E. See A.xrv.

ALARIC, al'a-rik, (" noble ruler ;") Danish, ALARICK,
a'U-rik; Fr. ALARIC, S'IS'rek'; Ger. ALARICH, a'll-riK;
It. ALARICO, a-11-ree'ko ; Lat. ALARI'CUS ; Sp. ALARICO.
i-li-reeTto.

ALBAN, aw!T)an, (" white ;") Danish, ALBANUS, Sl-bi'-
nus ; Dutch, ALBANUS, il-bl'nus ; It ALBANO, Jl-ba'no j
Lat ALBA'NUS.

ALBERIC, al'ber-ic, ("elf-king"?) Danish, ALBERIK,
31'beh-rik ; Fr. ALB^RIC, SlT>a'rek'; Ger. ALBERICH, SI'-
beh-riK'; It ALBEEICO, Jl-bl-ree'ko; Lat ALBERI'CUS.

AL'BERT, (" all bright ;") Danish, ALBRECHT, SlTjRjkt ;
Dutch, ALBERTUS, al-b?R'tus, or ALBERT, Sl'b?Rt; Fr.
ALBERT, SlT^aiR'; Ger. ALBRECHT, al'bRSKt; It AL-
BERTO, il-b?R'to ; Lat. ALBER'TUS ; Sp. ALBERTO, Jl-
biR'to; Sw. ALBERT, Jl'bjRt

ALCIBIADES, al-se-bi'a-dez, ("strong compeller;") Fr.
ALCIBIADES, Sl'seTje'Sd'; Gr. AbuSia&K. ( Alkibia&i.)



i, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, J, short; a, $, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mJt; not; gdod; moon;



VOCABULARY OF CHRISTIAN NAMES,



ALEXANDER; al-ex-an'd?r,(a " helper of men ;") Dutch,
ALEXANDER, a-16k-san'dcr ; Fr. ALEXANDRA fleV-
go.sdR'; Ger. ALEXANDER, 3-lSk's3n'der ; Gr. 'AAtJav-
tpof, (Alexandras;) It ALESSANDRO, <U2s-s3n'dRO ;
Lat ALEXAN'DER, (gen. ALEXAN'DKI;) Sp. ALEJANDRO
or ALEXAHDRO, 3-11-Hin'dRo.

ALEWIJN. See ALVIN.

A-LEX'IS, ("help," "defence;") Fr. ALEXIS, 3'lSk'se';
Gr. 'A?.r?if, (Alexis;) Russian, ALEXEI, 3-Uk-sa^e.

ALFONSO. See ALPHONSO.

AL'FRED, ("all peace;") Danish, ALFRED, 31'fRgd;
Djtch, ALFRED, al'fRjt; Fr. ALFRED, 31'fRW; Ger.
ALFRED, 31'fnit ; It. ALFREDO, 31-fRa'do; Lat ALFRE'-
BUS; Sp. ALFREDO, 31-fRa'oo.

ALICE, ai'iss, ("noble ;") Danish, ELSE, 81'seh ; Dutch,
ELSJE, !s'yeh ; Fr. ALICE, I'liss'; Lat ALIC/IA, (a-lish'-
e-a;) Sw. ELSA, Sl'sa.

ALONZO or ALONSO. See ALPHONSO.

AL-PHON'SO or A-LON'ZO; Danish, ALFONS, ll'fons;
Fr. ALPHON-SE, Sl'foNs'; It. ALFONSO, -al-fon'so; Lat.
ALPHON'SUS ; Port AFFONSO, Sf-fon'so ; Sp. ALFONSO,
il-fon'so, or ALONSO, 3-lon'so.

ALVIN, al'vin, or AL'VVIN, ("winning all;") Dutch,
ALEWIJN, a'leh-wm'; Fr. ALUIN, t'lu-lN'; Ger. ALWIN,
al'ftin; It. ALVINO, 41-vee'no; Lat ALWI'NUS; Sp.
ALUINO, 3-loo-ee'no.

AMADEUS, am-a-de'us, (a "lover of God;") Fr. AM-
BEE, f'ma'da'; Ger. AMADEUS, 5-ml-da'us ; It. AMEDEO,
a-ma-da'o, or AMADEO, a-mi-da'o; Lat AMADE'US;
Sp. AMADEO, a-ma-Da'o.

AMALIE. See AMELIA.

AMATA. See AMY.

AM'BROSE, ("immortal ;") Danish, AMBROSIUS, im-
bRo'se-os ; Dutch, AMBROSIUS, 3m-bRo'se-us ; Fr.
AMBROISE, S.N'buwSz'; Ger. AMBROSIUS, Sm-bRo'ze-ns,
or AMBROS, im'bRos; It AMBROGIO, Jm-bRo'jo; Lat
AMBRO'SIUS; Sp. AMBROSIO, Jm-bRo'se-o.

AMDE or AMEDEO. See AMADEUS.

AMELIA, a-mee'le-a; Danish, AMALIE, J-mlle-eh;
Fr. AM^LIE, t'mi'le'; Ger. AMALIE, a-ma'le-e.h; Sp.
AMELIA, J-ma'le-3.

AMOS, a'mgs, (a "burden ;") Fr. AMOS, i'mos'; Heb.



AMV, a'me, (a " beloved ;") Danish, AMALIE,
Ie-e.h; Fr. AIM^E, &'mi'; It AMATA, S-ml'ta.

ANASTASIUS, an-a-sta'she-us, (" rising up;") Fr. ANA-
STASE, i'nS'stSz'; Gr. '\vamuaiaf, ( Anaitasios ; ) It ANA-
STASIO, 3-nJ-sta'se-o ; Lat. ANASTA'SIUS.

AN'DREW, (" manly," " courageous ;") Danish, AN-
DREAS, 3n-dRas' ; Dutch, ANDRIES, aN-dRees'; Fr. AN-
DR^, oN'dRa'; Ger. ANDREAS, 3n-dRa'is; Gr. 'AvSpeaf,
(Andreas;) It ANDREA, 3n-dRa'3; Lat. AN'DKEAS;
Port. ANDREA Jn-dRa'; Sp. ANDRES, Sn-dR?s'.

ANDRONICUS, an-dro-ni'kus,(a "conqueror of men ;")
Fr. ANDRONIC or ANDRONIQUE, ON'dRo'nek'; Gr. 'Av-
ipd-i'ixoi;, ( Andronikos ; ) It. ANDRONICO, in-dRO-nee'ko ;
Lat. ANDRONI'CUS.

ANGELICA, an-jel'e-ka, ("angelic;") Fr. ANG^LIQUE,
os'zhi'lek'; Ger. ANGELICA, in-ga'le-ka ; It ANGELICA,
En-ja'Ie-kl

Pronounced Andron'icus in Shakspeare.



ANGELUCCIO, (It.) in-j4-loot<cho, (a derivative from
ANGELO.)

ANNA, an'na, or ANNE, 4n, ("grace" or "gracious,"
the same as the Hebrew HANNAH, which sec ;) Danish,
ANNA, in'na ; Dutch, ANNA, Sn'ni ; Fr. ANNE, in ; Ger,
ANNE, 5n'n?h; It ANNA,.3n'n3; Lat AN'WA.

ANNIBALE. See HANNIBAL.

ANSELM, In'sSlm, (a "defender ;") Dutch, ANSELMUS,
3n-s21'mus; Fr. ANSELME, &N'selm'; Ger. ANSELM,
3n'slm; It ANSELMO, 3n-s8!'mo; Lat ANSEL'MUS;
Sp. ANSELMO, in-sll'mo.

ANTONY or ANTHONY, pronounced alike ln'to-ne;
Danish, ANTON, f n'ton ; Dutch, ANTON, an'ton, or AN-
TOON, 4n't6n, or ANTONIUS, in-to'ne-us; Fr. ANTOINE,
ON'twJn'; Ger. ANTON, 3n'ton ; It ANTONIO, Sji-to'ne-o ;
Lat ANTO'NIUS ; Port ANTONIO, 3n-to'ne-o ; Sp. AN-
TONIO, 3n-to'ne-o ; Sw. ANTON, Jn'ton.

AQUILES. See ACHILLES.

ARABEL'LA, (a "fair altar"?) Dutch, ARABELLA, 3-iJ-
bel'la ; Fr. ARABELLE, a'rS'bJl'; Ger. ARABELLE, 3-rJ.
bel'leh; It. ARABELLA, 3-ra-bel'13; Lat ARABEL'IJU

ARCHIBALD, ar'che-bauld ; Fr. ARCHAMBAUD, fa'-
shdN'bo'; Lat ARCHIBAL'DUS.

ARISTARCHUS, ar-is-tar'kus, ("best prince;") Fr.
ARISTARQUE, t'res'tf Rk'; Ger. ARISTARCHUS, 3-ris-taR'=
Kus ; Gr. 'Apierapxoc, ( Aristarchos ; ) Lat. ARISTAR'CHUS.

A-RIS-TO-BU'LUS, (" excellent counsellor ;") Fr. ARIS-
TOBULE, t'res'to'biil'; Gr. 'Apun66ovKof, ( Arislobmlos ; )
It ARISTOBULO, 3-res-to-boo'lo ; Lat ARISTOBU'LUS.

ARMAND or ARMANT. See HERMANN.

ARNOLD, ar'nold ; Fr. ARNAUD, SR'no'; Ger. ARNOLD,
aa'nolt; It. ARNALDO, aR-nil'do; Lat ARNOL'DUS 01
ARNAL'DUS.

AR'THUR ; Fr. ARTHUR, f R'IU'R', or ARTUS, iR'tiis';
It ARTURO, aR-too'ro; Lat. ARTHU'RUS.

ATHANASIUS, ath-a-na'she^s, (" immortal ;") Fr,
ATHANASE, f'tt'nSz'; Gr. 'Atofamof, (Alftanasios;) It
ATANASIO, 3-tl-na'se-o ; Lat ATHANA'SIUS.

AU-CUS'TA, (" venerable ;") Danish, AUGUSTE, 6w-
gSos'teh ; Dutch, AUGUSTE, ow-cus'teh ; Fr. AUGUSTE,
o'giist'; Ger. AUGUSTE, ow-goos'teh, or AUGUSTA, 5w-
goos'tj; It. AUGUSTA, 6w-goos'ti; Lat. AUGUS'TA.

AUGUSTINE, aw'gus-tin, or aw-gus'tin,t(" venerable;")
Dutch, AUGUSTINUS, ow-cus-tee'Dus, or AUGUSTIJN,
ow'cus-tm'; Fr. AUGUSTIN, 6'giis'taN'; It AUGUSTINO,
6w-goos-tee'no ; Lat. AUGUSTI'NUS ; Port AGOSTINHO,
a-gos-ten'yo ; Sp. AUGUSTIN, 6w-goos-ten'.

AU-CUS'TUS; Danish, AUGUST, Sw'gfist; Dutch, AU-
GUSTUS, ow-Gus'tus; Fr. AUGUSTE, o'giist'; Ger. AU-
GUST, ow'gost ; It. AUGUSTO, Sw-goos'to; Lat AUGUS'-
TUS; Sw. AUGUST, ow'gust

AURELIUS, aw-ree'le-us ; Fr. AURELE, 6'rjl'; Ger. Au
RELIUS, 6w-ra'le-ns ; It AURELIO, 6w-ra'le-o.

AVRAAM. See ABRAHAM.

BALDASSARE. See BALTHASAR.

BALDWIN, (a "bold winner ;") Danish, BALDUlN,bild'
oo-een'or bald'ween ; Dutch, BOUDEWIJN, bow'deh-win';
Fr. BAUDOUIN, bo'doo-aN';Ger. BALDUIN, bJl'doo-een';
It BALDOVINO, bil-do-vee'no; Lat BALDUI'NUS.



1 See Disputed or Doubtful Pronunciations, p. 3344.



C as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; as s; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.)
2 S33



VOCABULARY OP CHRISTIAN- NAMES.



BALTHASAR, bil'taz-ar, ("without treasure"?} Dutch,
BALTHASAR, bil'tS'sar ; Fr. BALTHAZAR or BALTHASAR,
bil'ti'ziR'; It BALDASSARE, bll-das-sa'ra ; Lat BAL-
TKA'SAR, (genitive, BALTHAS'ARIS ;) Sp. BALTASAR, bal-



BAP'TIST, (a "baptizer;") Fr. BAPTISTE, b3p'test';
Cer. BAPTIST, bip'tlst ; It. BATTISTA, bat-tes'ta ; Lat.
EAPTIS'TA; Port BAPTISTA, baa-tes'ti; Sp. BAUTISTA,
bow-tes'ta.

BARBARA, barTw-ra, ( foreign," "stranger ,") Dutch,
BARBARA, baR'bJ-ra ; Fr. BARBE, bf Rb ; Ger. BARBARA,
baR'ba-ra li. BARBARA, baR'ba-ra ; Lat. BAR'BARA.

BAR'DULPH, (a "famous helper"?) Fr. BARDOLPHE,
blR'doIf ; It BARDOLFO, baR-dol'fo; Lat BARDUL'PHUS.

BAREND. See BERNARD.

BARNABAS, bar'na-bas, or BARNABY, bar'na-be, (a
"son of consolation ;") Danish, BARNABAS, baR'na-bts ;
Dutch, BARNABAS, baR'na-bis; Fr. BARNABE, biV-
ni'ba'; Ger. BARNABAS, bsR'na-bis ; It BARNABA, baR'-
na-bi ; Lat. BAR'NABAS, (genitive, BAR'NAB^E ;) Sp. BER-
KABE, beR-na-ba'.

BAR-THOL'O-MEW, ("warlike son"?) Danish, BAR-
THOLOMJEUS, baR-to-lo-ma'us ; Dutch, BARTHOLOMEUS,
baR-tol-o-ma'us ; Fr. BARTKLEMI, bSR'taTme'; Ger.
BARTHOLOMAUS, baR-to-lo-ma'ds ; It BARTOLOMMEO,
baR-to-lom-ma'o ; Lat BARTHOLOM/E'US ; Port BAR-
THOLOMEU, baR-to-lo-mS'oo ; Russ. VARFOLOMEI, vaR-
fol-o-mj/e ; Sp. BARTOLOM6, baR-to-lo-ma'; Sw. BAR-
THOLOMAUS, baR-to-lo-ma'us.

BASIL, ba'zil, ("kingly;") Danish, BASILIUS, bl-see'-
le-us ; Dutch, BASILIUS, bl-See'le-us ; Fr. BASILE, bf-
zel'; Ger. BASILIUS, ba-zec'le-fts ; Gr. Boci?.(0f, (Bast-
teios,) or BacrfAiOf, (Basilios;) It BASILIO, bE-see'Ie-o;
Lat BASIL'IUS ; Russ. VASILII, vi-see'lee or vi-sel'ye ;
Sw. BASILIUS, bi-su'le-fts.

BAUDOUIN. See BALDWIN.

BEATRICE, bee'a-triss, ("making happy;") Danish,
BEATRIX, ba-a'tRiks ; Dutch, BEATRIX, ba-a'tRiks ; Fr.
BEATRICE, byi'tp.6ss'; Ger. BEATRIX, ba-a'tRiks, or
BEATRICE, ba-1-tReet'seh ; It. BEATRICE, ba-i-tree'chi ;
Lat. BEA'TRIX, (genitive, BEATRI'CIS;) Sp. BEATRIZ,
ba-J-treM'/ Sw. BEATRIX, ba-a'tRiks.

BE.VEDETTA. See BENEDICTA.

BEN'E-DICT or BEN'NET, ("blessed ;") Danish, BENE-
DICT, ba'ne>dlkt'; Dutch, BENEDICTUS, bi-neh-dik'tus ;
Fr. BENO!T, beh-nwi'; Ger. BENEDICT, ba'neh-dikt';
It. BENEDETTO, ba-na-det'to ; Lat. BENEDIC/TUS ; Sp.
BENITO, bi-nee'to, or BENEDICTO, bi-ni-dek'to ; Sw.
BENGT, bJngt.

BENEDICT A, ben-e-dik'ta, ("blessed," feminine;) Fr.
BENO!TE, beh-nwlt'; It BENEDETTA, ba-na-det'tl; Lat
BENEDIC'TA; Sp. BENITA, bi-nee'ta.

BENGT. See BENEDICT.

BENJAMIN, (the "son.of a right hand ;'') Danish, BEN-
JAMIN, b?n'ya-meen'; Fr. BENJAMIN. b6.v'?hi'mdN';
Ger. BENJAMIN, ben'ya-meen'; It BENIAMINO, bn-yl-
mee'no ; Lat. BENJAMI'NUS,

BENNET. See BENEDICT.

BENofT. See BENEDICT.

BENOITE. See BENEDICTA.

BEREN ICE, blV-e-m'se, or KERN ICE, ber'niss, (" bringing
rictory ;") Fr. BERENICE, bi'ra'niss'; Gr. BrprvVp (Bin-



nlke;) It BERENICE, bi-ri-nee'chi; Lat
(genitive, BERENI'CES.)

BERNABt See BARNABAS.

BERNARD, bei'nard, ("strong or hardy bear;"*) Da.
nish, BERNHARD, b?Rn'haR</; Dutch, BERN-HAR'DUS or
BAREND, bl'rSnt ; Fr. BERNARD, bJR'niR'; Ger. BERN-
HARD, beRn'hiRt; It BERNARDO, b?R-nas.'do; Lat
BERNAR'DUS; Sw. BERNHARD, bSRn'hiRd.

BERNICE. See BERENICE,

BERTHA, ber'tha, ("bright" or "famous;") Dutch,
BERTHA, bSR'tl; Fr. BERTHS, b?Rt; Ger. BERTHA,
bSR'tS ; It BERTA. b?R'tl ; Lat BER'THA ; S w. BERTHA,
Ma'ti.

BERTRAM, beKtram, (" fair," " illustrious ;") Fr.BlE*
TRAND, bSR'tRdN'; Ger. BERTRAM, beVtRim.

BIAGIO. See BLASE,

BIANCA. See BLANCH.

BIRGITTE. See BRIDGET.

BLANCH, blantch, (" white ;") Danish, BLANCA, blSng*.
ki; Dutch, BLANCA, bling'kl; Fr. BLANCHE, blo.Nsh $
Ger. BLANCA or BLANKA, bling'kj ; It BIASCA, be-Jn'-
ki; Lat BLAN'CHA; Sp. BLANCA, blang'ki; Sw.
BIANKA, bllng'kL

BLASE, blai, ("sprouting forth;") Danish, BLASIUS,
bla'se-os; Dutch, BLASIUS, bla'se-us; Fr. BLAiSE,blSz;
Ger. BLASIUS, bla'ze-as ; It BIAGIO, be-a'jo ; Lat BLA'-
sius, (b!a'she-us ;) Sp. BLAS, bias j Sw. BLASIUS, bli'
se-ns.

BONA, bo'na, ("good;") Fr. BONNE, bon ; Lat BO'NA,

BONAVENTURE, bon'a-vcn'tur, (" good fortune ;") Fr.

EOXA VENTURE, bo'nS'vjN'tuR'; It BONAVENTURA, bo

na-v2n-too'rJ ; Lat BONAVENTU'RA.

BONIFACE, bon'e-(ass, (a " well-doer ;") Danish, BONI-
FACIUS, bo-ne-fa'se-us ; Dutch, BONIFACIUS, bo-ne-fa'-
sc-us ; Fr. BONIFACE, bo'ne'fSss'; Ger. BONIFAZ, bo-ne-
fits', or BONIFACIUS, bo-ne-fat'se-fls; It BONIFACIO,
bo-ne-fa'cho ; Lat BOKIFA'CIUS, (bon-e-fa'shejjs ;) Sw
BONIFACIUS, bo-ne-fd'se-us.

BONNE. See BONA.

BOUDEWIJN. See BALDWIN.

BRIDGET or BRIGIT, brfj'it, ("shining bright ;'0 Da
nish, BIRGITTE, begR-git'teh ; DiUch, BRiciTTA.bRe-Hlt*.
ti; Fr. BRIGITTE, bRe'zhet'; Ger. BRIGITTE, bse-git'teh ;
It. BRIGIDA, bRee'je-da, or BRiGiTA, bRee'je-tl ; Lat.
BRIG'IDA ; Sp. BRIGIDA, bRee'lle-Di

CECILIA. See CECILIA.

C^CILIUS. See CECIL,

CAESAR, sce'zar, ("adorned with hair;") Dar.isn,
CAESAR, sa'sar; Fr. C^SAK, si'ziR'; Ger. CASAR or
CAESAR, tsa'zaR ; It CESAKE, cha'sl-ri ; Lat. C^'SAS,
(genitive, C^ES'ARIS ;) Sp. CESAR, tha'saR.

CAMILLA, ka-mil'Ia; Fr. CAMILLE, kS'me!' or kS*-
me'ye ; It CAMILLA, ka-mel'la ; Lat CAMIL'LA.

* A name naturally applied, in rude times, to a hero in a county
where the bear was the most remarkable type of strength, courage,
and endurance. In the case of Alp-Arsl3n (/.r. "strong lion") wo
have a similar epi ihet appropriate to an Oriental country here lionl
abound, but applied to a single individual, and not. like Bernard, era-
ployed as a common name. Some writers give " bur's heart" as th
true signification of Bernard, (Bemhart.) an expression similar to
the surname (Cceur de Lion) by which Richard I. of England m
so widely known.



a, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, u, J, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; llr, fall, fit; m5t; n5t; good; moon;
=53-}



VOCABULARY OF CHRISTIAN NAMES.



CA-MIL'LUS ; Fr. CAMILLE, kf rnel' or kS'me'y?.

CARL. See CHARLES.

CARLO. See CHARLES.

CARLOTTA or CARLOTA. See CHARLOTTE.

CAROLINE, kJr'o-lin ; Danish, CAROLINE, kl-ro-lee'-
neh ; Dutch, CAROLINA, ki-ro-lee'ni ; Fr. CAROLINE,
kS'ro'len'; Ger. CAROLINE or KAROLINE, ka-ro-lee'neh ;
It CAROLINA, ki-ro-lee'na ; Lat. CAROLI'NA; Sw.
KAROLINA, ka-ro-lee'ni.

CASPAR. See JASPER.

CASSANDRA, kas-san'dra ; Fr. CASSANDRE, ki'sSNdR';
It. CASSANDRA, kas-sin'dRa; Lat CASSAN'DRA.

CATALINA. See CATHERINE.

CATHERINE or CATHARINE, kltl/a-rin, ("pure;")
Danish, CATHARINE, ka-ta-ree'neh ; Dutch, CATHA-
RINA, ka-ti-ree'iia ; Fr. CATHERINE, ktt'ren'; Ger.
KATHARINE, ka-ta-ree'neh; Gr. KaSapivij, (Katharine ;)
It. CATERINA, ki-ti-ree'ni ; Lat. CATHARI'NA; JRuss.
EKATERINA, a-ka-ti-ree'na, or YEKATERINA, ya-ki-ta-
ree'na; Sp. CATALINA, ka-ti-lee'na; Sw. KATARINA,
ka-ti-ree'na.

CEC/IL, ("dim-sighted;") Dutch, CECILIUS, si-see'-
le-us; Fr. CECILE, si'sil', (rare ;) Lat C^ECIL'IUS.

CECILIA, se-sil'e-a; Dutch, CECILIA, si-see'le-a; Fr.
CECILE, sa'sel'; It CECILIA, cha-chee'Ie-a; Lat C/z-
CIL'IA.

C^SAS. See C.SSAR.

CESARE. See CAESAR.

CHARLES, charlz, (" manly" or " noble-spirited ;") Da-
nish, CARL, kaRl ; Dutch, KAREL, ka'rel ; Fr. CHARLES,
ship!; Ger. KARL, kaRl; It. CARLO, kaR'lo; Lat.
CAR'OLUS ; Sp. CARLOS, kan'los ; Sw. KARL, kaRl.

CHARLOTTE, shar'lgt, ("noble-spirited;") Danish,
CHARLOTTE, shaR-lot'teh; Dutch, CHARIX3TTA, shaR-
lot'ti; Fr. CHARLOTTE, shiR'lot'; Ger. CHARLOTTE,
shaR-lot'teh ; It. CARLOTTA, kaR-lot'ta; Lat. CAROLET'-
TA; Sp. CASLOTA, kaR-!o'ta; Sw. CHARLOTTA, shap.-
lot'tl

CHLOE, klcVe, (a "young shoot," a "green herb;")
Fr. CHLOE, klo'i'; Gr. 2007, (Chios;) Lat CHLO'E,
(genitive, CHLO'ES.)

CHRISTINA, kr!s-t!'na or kris-tee'na ; Dutch, CHRIS-
TINA, kRls-tee'na; Fr. CHRISTINE, kRes'ten'; Ger.
CHRISTIANA, kRls-te-a'ni; It CRISTINA, kRes-tee'nl

CHRISTOPHER, kris'to-fer, ("bearing Christ;"*) Da-
nish, CHRISTOFFER, kRis'tof-fer; Dutch, CHRisrorHO-
RUS, kRis-to'fo-rus ; Fr. CHRISTOPHE, kRcs'tof; Ger.
CllRlSTOPll, kRls'tof; Gr. XptaTo6vpo(,(C/iris(<>S''ior0s,-*J
It CRISTOFORO, kRes-tof'o-ro ; Lat CHRisi'orH'oRUS;
Port CHRISTOVSO, kRes-to-vowN'; Sp. CRISTOVAL,
kRes-to'vil ; S\v. KRISTOFER, kRls'to-fer.

CIIRYSOSTOM, kris'os-tom, ("golden -mouthed;")
Dutch, CHRYSOSTOMUS, kRe-sos'to-mus ; Fr. CHRYSO-
STOME, kRe'zo'stom'; Gr. Xfvaoorofio;, (Chrysostomos ;)
It. CRISOSTOMO, kRe-sos'to-mo ; Lat. CHRYSOS'TOMUS.

CIPRIANO. See CYPRIAN.

CIRILLO. See CYRIL.



According to an old legend, he was called Christophoros (from
o?, " Christ," and $e'p<*>, to "bear") because he bore the infant
Saviour across a raging stream. (See Mrs. JAMESON'S " Sacred and
Legendary Art.^)



CIRO. See CYRUS.

CLARA, klar'a, or CLAIRE, klir, ("clear," "bright,* 1
"illustrious;") Danish, CLARA, kli'ra; Dutch, CLARA,
kla'ri; Fr. CLARA, kIS'ri'; Ger. KLARA, kla'ri; It.
CLAEA, kla'rS ; Lat. CLA'RA ; Sw. KLARA, kla'ra.

CLAUDIA, klav/de-a; Dutch, CLAUDIA, klow'de-S|
Fr. CLAUDIE; klo'de'; It CLAUDIA, klow'de-a; Lat.
CLAU'DIA ; Sw. KLAUDIA, kldw'de-a.

CLAUDIUS, klaw'de-<is ; Danish, CLAUDIUS, klow'de-
us; Dutch, CLAUDIUS, klow'de-us ; Fr. CLAUDE, klod ;


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