Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Ordinance." Died in 1781.

See ERSCH und GRUBER, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."

Joussouf, Joussef, or Joussof. See YOOSUF.

Jouvancy or Jouvency, zhoo'vo.N'se', (JOSEPH,) a
celebrated French Jesuit, born at Paris in 1643. He
was chosen professor of rhetoric in the college of Louis
le Grand, and was afterwards called by his superiors to
Rome to assist in writing the history of the Jesuits. His
style is remarkable for its purity and elegance. Among
his works are " Notes upon Juvenal, Persius, Terence,
Horace, Martial, and the Metamorphoses of Ovid," and
the fifth volume of the " History of the Jesuits" from
1591 to 1616. Died in 1719.

See MORBRI, " Dictionnaire Historique ;" QURARD, " La France
Litte"raire."

Jouvency. See JOUVANCY.

Jouvenet, zhooi/n^', (JEAN,) a celebrated historical
painter, born at Rouen, France, about 1646. He was a
pupil of his uncle, Laurent Jouvenet, and afterwards
studied in Paris and was admitted into the Academy of
Painting. He was subsequently patronized by Louis
XIV., who granted him a pension of 1700 livres. Having
lost the use of his right hand by a paralytic stroke, he
ascertained that he could use his left with equal facility,
and soon after painted one of his best pictures, a repre-
sentation of Innocence followed by Falsehood and seek-
ing protection in the arms ol Justice. Among his other
works are "Esther before Ahasuerus," "Jesus Christ
driving the Money-Changers from the Temple," "The
Resurrection of Lazarus," and the " Descent from the
Cross."

See D'ARGENVILLE, " Vies des Peintres;" " Nouvelle Biographic
Ge'ne'rale.*'

Jouvenneaux. See JUVENAL.

Jouy, de, deh zhoo'e', (Louis FRANCOIS,) a French
lawyer, and advocate of the Parliament of Paris, where
he was born in 1714 ; died in 1771.

Jouy, de, (VICTOR JOSEPH ETIENNF.,) an eminent
French writer, born at Jouy, near Versailles, in 1764 or
1769. He entered the army at an early age, and in 1790
favoured the Revolution ; but during the reign of terror



'Hied; s as z; th as in Ihis.



Explanations, p. 23. '



JOVE 1406 JOYNER

he fled for safety to Switzerland. In 1794 he returned to j in 367 A.D. He received the command ol the cavalry in
France, and, after serving for some time in the army, which j Gaul, and soon after cut in pieces a German army which
he quitted in 1797, fixed his residence in Paris and turned j had invaded that country. He built in his native city a
his attention to literary pursuits. Among his works are | church, in which he was buried in 370 A.D.
the operas of "The Vestal" (1807) and of "The Ama- 1 Jovinua, a Roman general, who in 411 A.D., under the
, t>,o , ,],. nt "Q,,iio " i<x-,-> \ " Ci-i-<} " * nnvpt reign of Honorius, assumed the imperial title and pos-
sessed himself of part of Gaul. In 412 he was defeated
by Ataulphus, King of the Visigoths, an ally of Hono-



zon," the tragedy of " Sylla," (1822,) "Cecil," a novel,
(1827,) and a series of essays entitled " The Hermit of
the Chaussee d'Antin," (5 vols., 1812-14.) The last



work, which somewhat resembles Addison's " Spec- rius. He was soon after taken and executed,
tator," obtained a European reputation. He was elected Jovius, (PAUL.) See GIOVIO, (PAOLO.)
to the French Academy in 1815, and appointed chief Jow'ett, (BENJAMIN,) an eminent English scholar,
librarian of the Louvre in 1831. Besides the works born at Camberwell, near London, in 1817. He was edu-
above named, he wrote "The Hermit in the Province," icated at Balliol College, Oxford, was chosen a Fellow in
("L'Hermite en Province," 14 vols., 1818 et seq.,} and 1838, was a tutor of Balliol College from 1842 to 1870,
The Hermits in Prison," (" Les Hermites en Prison," and afterwards was regius professor of Greek at Oxford.



2 vols., 1823,) which was very popular. Died in 1846.

Jove. See JUPITER.

Jovellanos, de, da Ho-vl-yi'nos, (CASPAR MEL-
CHIOR,) a Spanish statesman, author, and scholar, born



In 1870 he was elected master of Balliol. Among his
works are " The Dialogues of Plato,'* (a translation,
in 4 vols., 1871, one of the best ever made,) a trans-
lation of Thucydides, (2 vols., iSSi,) "College Ser-



of noble parentage at Gijon, in Asturias, in 1744. He mons," (1895,) etc. Died October I, 1893.
studied at the Universities of Oviedo, Avila, and Alcala. ~ " "



Jow

born abo



'ett, (Rev. WILLIAM,) an English missionary,
rout 1787. He published "Christian Researches



In 1770 he was chosen a member of the Royal Academy

of Madrid, and was soon after appointed councillor 01 j n Syria and the Holy Land," (1825,) and other works,
state by Charles III. In 1778 he became a judge of Died in 1855.

the criminal court at Madrid. Afterwards, through the i Joy, Joye, or Gee, (GEORGE,) an early English Re-
instrumentality of Don Manuel Godoy, Prince of Peace, former, born in Bedfordshire. He graduated at Cam-



he was banished to Majorca, where for more than seven
years he remained a prisoner. He returned to Spain
in 1808, and in a short time became a member of the
supreme junta. Among his works are several valuable
treatises on political economy, the tragedy of " Pelayo,"



bridge in 1513. Being accused of heresy, he retired to
Germany, where he remained several years. He is sup-
posed to have died in 1553. He assisted in the transla-
tion of Tyndale's Bible which was printed at Antwerp in
1534, and wrote several religious works, among which is



(1790,) the comedy of "The Honourable Delinquent," one "On the Unity and Schism of the Ancient Church."
a " Dissertation on English Architecture," and an ex- See LEWIS, " History of the Translations AT the Bible."
cellent " Memoir on Law applied to Agriculture," (" In Joyant, zhwi'yoN', (Jui.ES ROMAIN,) a skilful French
forme sobre la Ley agrana.") Diedin iSlI. [landscape-painter, born in Paris in 1803. He produced

Jovellar y Soler, (JOAQUIN,) a Spanish soldier, viewso , Venice, which were much admired. DiediniS54.
bom at Mallorca in 1819. He joined the army, Joyce, jois, (JEREMIAH,) an English writer and Uni-
took part in the Carlist war, served in Cuba and Itarian minister, born in 1764. He was principal editor
Morocco, and filled important civil and military of the "Cyclopaedia" which appeared under the name
positions. He was captain-general of Cuba at the of William Nicholson, and was the author of a justly
time of the Virginius affair, in 1874 fought against 'popular work, "Scientific Dialogues," "Letters on Nat-
the Carlists, and in 1875 was made minister of ural Philosophy," and other productions of a similar
war. Twice afterwards he filled this post, and was nature. He was arrested in 1794 with Home Tooke and
prime minister for a short period. Died April 16, others on a charge of treason, but was released without
!g 92 . trial after the acquittal of Tooke. Died in 1816.

Jo'vi-an. [Lat. JOVIA'NUS ; Fr. JOVIEN, zho've-aN', Joyeuse, de, deh zhwJ'yuz' (ANNE,) Due, a French
It. GIOVI'ANO, jo-ve-a'no,l or, more fully, Jo-vl-a'nua nobleman, born about 1561. He married Margaret of
Fla'vi-us Clau'dl-us, Emperor of Rome, was born in Lorraine, sister of the queen of Henry II About 1586
Pannonia, 331 A.D. He early distinguished himself as he received the command of the army sent against the
a commander in the Roman army, and, though an avowed Huguenots. He at first gained some advantages, and
Christian, received many marks of distinction from Julian committed great cruelties upon the Protestants, but in
the Apostate, whom he accompanied on his unsuccessful October, 1587, was defeated and slam at the battle of
expedition into Persia. At the death of that sovereign, Contras by Henry of Navarre.

in 363, Jovian was elected emperor by the army. The mo F r ^.. SlsMONm ' " Hlstolre des Fra P" s :" D'AUBIGN*. "Me-
Roman troops were at that time in imminent danger,

both on account of the Minerior Persian forces hv which Joyeuae, de, (FRANCOIS,) CARDINAL, brother of the

He was the confidential
nd Louis XIII. In
i of Avignon. Died

up the Roman conquests west of the Tigris. Returning, m ' 1 5-

he spent some time at Antioch, where he annullSi See AUBEBY, "H.sto.redu Cardinal de Joyeuse, ett, Pans, ,854.

Julian's laws against the Christians and re-established Joyeuae, de, (GuiLLAUME,) VISCOUNT, a French



both on account of the superior Persian forces by which




the orthodox religion. He died in 364, at Dadastana,
in Galatia, as he was proceeding to Constantinople.



military commander, born about 1520. He was made
lieutenant-general of Languedoc, and in 1562 distin



Jovianua. See JOVIAN. guished himself in the wars against the French Protest-

Jovien, the French for JOVIAN, which see. ants. In 1582 he was created a marshal. Died in 1592.

Jovin. See JOVINUS. Joyeuse, de, (HENRI,) Due, born in France in 1567.

Jo-vinl-an, [Lat. JOVINIA'NUS; Fr. JOVINIEN, zho'- The death of his wife, about 1587, affected him so deeply
ve'ne^N',] an Italian monk, distinguished for his bold that he entered the order of the Capuchins. In 1592 he
opposition to the growing superstition and encroachments ' obtained a dispensation releasing him from his vows, and
of the Roman Church. He particularly censured celi- received the command of the army in Languedoc. Henry
bacy, fasting, and the austerities of the convent For IV. created him marshal of France. He afterwards be-
the propagation of these principles he was condemned came again a Capuchin. Died in 1608.
for heresy by the Bishops of Rome and of Milan, and ' See BROUSSK, "Viede Henri, Due de Joyeuse," Paris, 1621.
in 398, by the orders of the emperor Honorius, was Joyeuae, de, (JEAN ARMAND,) MARQUIS, a French
scourged and banished. Died about 410 A.D. nobleman, born in 1631. He served with distinction in

Jovinianua. See JOVINIAN. Flanders under Turenne, and was afterwards created

Jovinien. See JOVINIAN. ! marshal of France. Died in 1710.

Jo-vi'uus, (Fr. JOVIN, zho'vaN',] a native of Rheims, Joy'ner, (WILLIAM,) sometimes called Lyde, an
was created a Roman consul by the emperor Valentinian | English Catholic and author, born near Oxford in 1622 ;

a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, 6, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m6t; not; good; moon :



JOZE



1407



JUDAS



died in 1706. Among his works are "The Roman Em-
press," a comedy, and several English and Latin poems.

See BAKHR, " Biographia Dramatica."

Joz6, zho-za', (ANTONIO,) a Portuguese Jew and cele-
brated dramatist. He excelled in wit and sai casm, which,
in one of his comedies, he directed against some of the
Catholic ceremonies. He was soon after seized by trie
officers of the Inquisition, tortured, and finally burned at
an auto-de-fe in 1745. Among the best of his comedies
are "Esop" and "The Enchantments of Medea."

Joz6 Manoel. See JOSEPH EMANUEL.

Juan, DON. See JOHN, DON, OF AUSTRIA.

Juan, Hoo-an', DON, natural son of Philip IV. of
Spain and Maria Calderona, an actress, was born in
Madrid in 1629. In 1647 he received the command of
the Spanish army in Italy, where he took the city of
Naples and gained many other advantages. Afterwards
he was defeated by Turenne in the Netherlands, at the
battle of Dunes, and compelled to evacuate the country.
His brother, Charles II., subsequently made him prime
minister. Died in 1679.

See SISMONDI, " Histoire des Francais."

Juan de Santa Cruz. See JUAN DE YEPEZ.

Juan de Yepez, Hoo-an' da ya'pihh, or Juau de
Santa Cruz, a saint of the Roman calendar, was born
in Old Castile in 1542. He, with Saint Theresa, estab-
lished the order of Barefooted Carmelites. Died in 1591.

Juan y Sautacilia, Hoo-an'e san-ta-thee'le-i,( JORGE,)
DON, a celebrated Spanish mathematician and naval
officer, was born at Orihuela, in Valencia, in 1712. He
was sent about 1735, with several Spanish and French
servants, to measure the degree of the meridian at the
equator. He devoted much attention to naval archi-
tecture. He wrote "Observations on Astronomy and
Physics made in the Kingdom of Peru," (5 vols., 1748,)
and a treatise on the construction of vessels, (2 vols.,
1761.) Died in 1774.

See LA CONDAMINH, "Journal du Voyage fait a 1'^quateur," etc.

Juana OF SPAIN. See JOAN.

Juares, jO<- A'rz, [Sp. pron. Hoo-i're'th,] (P.ENITO,)
A Mexican statesman, born in Oajaca in 1806, and saic
to be of pure aboriginal stock. He studied law, was
elected to Congress in 1846, and was Governor of Oa-
jaca from 1848 to 1852. In 1853 he was banished by
Santa Ana. He joined the party of Alvarez, who became
president in 1855, and served under him as minister of
justice. In 1857 he was appointed secretary of state by
Comonfort, who was driven from power in January, 1858.
Juarez was recognized as the successor of Comonfort by
the Liberals, but was opposed by the clerical party in a
long civil war. He was elected president about 1861,
soon after which Mexico was invaded by a French army.
Having gained several victories, the French took the
city of Mexico in June, 1863, and Maximilian of Austria
assumed the imperial power, under the patronage of
Napoleon III. Juarez was reduced to a critical position,
and his cause seemed desperate ; but at length the French
army was withdrawn in 1866, and the Liberals quickly
recovered the ascendency. He was elected presideni
again in October, 1867. Died July 18, 1872.

Ju'ba [Gr. 'loSaf] L succeeded his father, Hiempsal,
on the throne of Numidia about 50 B.C. In the war
between Caesar and Pompey he supported the cause of
the latter, and gained a decisive victory over Curio, a
lieutenant of Caesar. After Pompey's defeat at Phar-
salia, Juba continued to support his cause in Africa, and
for some time held even Caesar in check. He was, how-
ever, defeated by the dictator at the battle of Thapsus,
and soon after killed himself, 42 B.C., in preference to
gracing the triumph of the conqueror. His kingdom
was reduced to a Roman province, of which the historian
Sallust was appointed the first governor.

See CASAR, " Bellum Civile ;" DION CASSIUS, " History of
Rome;" APPIAN, " Bellnm Civile."

Juba II., son of the preceding, was carried to Rome
by Caesar, who gave him a liberal education. He served
in the army of Augustus, from whom he received the
kingdom of Mauritania about 30 B.C. He married Cle-
opatra Selena, the daughter of the celebrated Cleopatra,
Queen of Egypt, by Antony. Juba was distinguished



for his learning, ability, and justice. He was the author
of several works, written in Greek, upon various subjects.
Pliny, Plutarch, Tacitus, and other historians mention his
writings with just commendation. He died about 20 B.C.
See Vossltre, " De Historicis Gnecis :" ECKHSL, " Doctrina Nu-
morum ;" "Nouvelle Biographie G^n^rale."

Jub6, zhu'bi', (AUGUSTS,) a French historian and
genera], born in 1765. He wrote a "Military History
of the Wars of France from 1643 to 1815," (2 vols.,)
and other works. Died in 1824.

Jub6, (JACQUES,) a French Jansenist, born near Pari
in 1674; died in 1745.

Jubinal, zhii'be'nSl', (MICHEL Louis ACHILLE,) a
French politician, born in Paris in 1810; died in 1875.

Juda, zhu'da", (LEON,) a French Protestant, born in
Alsace in 1482, was the natural son of Jean Juda, a
priest. In 1502, having formed a friendship with Zuin-
glius, he was led to embrace the principles of the Re-
formers, and became pastor of Saint Peter's Church in
Zurich. He was distinguished for his zeal in promoting
the Reformation, both from his pulpit and by his pen.
Died in 1542. He commenced a translation of the Old
Testament into Latin, which was finished after his death,
and was regarded by the Protestants, and even by many
Catholic divines, as the best version extant. He was
the author of several religious works.

See M. ADAM, " Vitoe Theologorum Germanorum ;" HAAG, " La
France protestante."

Ju'dah, [Heb. min',] fourth son of Jacob, and one
of the twelve Hebrew patriarchs, was born in Mesopo-
tamia, B.C. 1755. When Joseph was thrown into the
cave by his brethren, it was through Judah's influence
that they sold him to the Ishmaelites, instead of taking
his life as they had previously intended. (Genesis xxxvii.
26.) Jacob, on his death-bed, foretold that Judah's pos-
terity would become the principal tribe of Israel, and
also referred to the coming of the Messiah, who was t'
be his lineal descendant. (Genesis xlix. 8-12.)

Ju'dah, (HENRY M.,) an American general, born at
Snow Hill, Maryland, about 1821, graduated at West
Point ' ; "> 1843, and was a captain before the civil war
began. He became a brigadier-general of Union volun-
teers early in 1862, and commanded a division at Resaca,
Georgia, May 15, 1864. Died January 14, 1866.

Judah or Je-hu'dah Hak'ka-dosh', (or Hakka-
dosch,) a learned Jewish rabbi, born in Galilee about
123 A.D. He is believed to have compiled, at the re-
quest of the Roman emperor Marcus Antoninus, the
Mishna, (Mischna,) which contains the various Jewish
laws and institutions not found in the Old Testament
In a short time the Talmud was ranked among the
sacred books of the nation, -and it has since received ad-
ditions from several learned rabbis. Died in 190 A.D.

See WOLF, " Bibliotheca Hebraica."

Ju'dah Hioog, (or Hioug,) he-oog', a Jewish rabbi
and physician, who gained great distinction for his learn-
ing and skill, was born at Fez, in Africa, and lived about
1040. He wrote several works (in Arabic) on the Hebrew
language, and is now regarded by his nation as their first
and perhaps their greatest grammarian. His name is
sometimes written TUDAH CHIUG.

Judah Rav or Rab. See ASHE.

Ju'das Is-car'I-ot, one of the twelve apostles chosen
by Jesus. He betrayed his Master to the officers of the
chief priests for thirty pieces of silver. Afterwards, being
stung with remorse, he returned the money to the priests
and "went and hanged himself."

See Matthew x. 4, xxvi, 47-50, xxvii. 3-5; Mark xiv. 18-21, 43.

Ju'das Le-vi'ta or Hal'le-vi, a learned Spanish Jew
and poet, born in 1090 or 1080, wrote a work in Arabic
in defence of the Jewish religion, entitled " Sepher Hoc-
cori," which was translated into Hebrew, Latin, and
Spanish. Died in 1 140.

Ju'das MaccabEe'us, (mak-ka-bee'us,) I Gr. 'loidof 6
XaKKafiaiof; Fr. JUDAS MACHABEE, zhii'daV mt'kf 'ba',]
of the royal line of the Asmonaeans, became leader of the
lews upon the death of his father, Mattathias, B.C. 166.
He conquered and cut in pieces several Syrian armies
which had been sent against him by Antiochus, subdued
the Idumeans, Ammonites, and other neighbouring na-



c as i ; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K.,giMurai; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as 2; th as in this. ( J[^ = See Explanations, p. 23.)



JUDD



1408



JUGURTHA



tions, and restored the worship of the true God in the
Temple of Jerusalem. He was afterwards besieged in
that city by Antiochus Eupator, who was, however, soon
obliged to return to Syria, on account of a civil war which

t i i i . _ !__! i T i :~i_: i t



goon, and learned the Burmese language. In 1823 he
printed a Burmese translation of the New Testament.
He was thrown into prison in 1824, and kept in close
confinement eighteen months or more, during which he



had broken out in his kingdom. Judas, wishing to form j and his companions suffered extremely. He completed

an independent government in Judea, and being unable a Burmese translation of the Bible in 1834. He married

to contend against the whole power of Syria, concluded successively Ann Hasseltine, Sarah Hall Boardman, and

a treaty of alliance with the Romans. But, before any Emily Chubbuck, each of whom is noticed below. Having

assistance could arrive, a large army of Syrians again visited the United States in 1845, he returned to Burmah

invaded Judea. Judas marched against them with a body in 1846, and resumed his labours at Maulmain. He died

of three thousand men, which was soon reduced by de- at sea in April, 1850.

tertion to eight hundred. He nevertheless attacked the Ju a 8 on, (EMILY,) (originally Miss CHUBBUCK,) an

enemy, and, after a severe battle, was defeated and slain, American authoress, known by the turn de plume of

160 B.C. > Fanny Forester," was born at Eaton, in New York.

Judd, (JOHN WESLEY,) F.R.S., an English geologist, in 1817. She wrote for the "New York Mirror," and

born at Portsmouth, February 18, 1840. He was edu- published two volumes of her essays, sketches, and

cated at Westminster Normal College and the Royal poems, under the title of " Alderbrook," (1846.) She

School of Mines. In 1867 he went upon the geological was married in 1846 to Dr. Judson, and immediately

survey, in 1876 he was appointed professor of geology sailed with him for India. While in Burmah, she com-

in the Royal School of Mines, and in 1881 he took the posed some of her best poems. After the death of her

geological professorship in the Normal School of Science, husband, in 1850, she returned to America, and died at



London. He became dean of the Royal College of
Science, London, in 1895. His works include " Vol-
canoes," (1878,) " The Student's Lyell," (1896,) etc.
Judd, (ORANGE,) an American author and pub-
lisher, born near Niagara Falls, New York, July 26,
1822. He graduated at Wesleyan University in 1847,
studied chemistry in Yale College 1850-53, and edited
the "American Agriculturist" 1853-81. He failed in
business in 1883, and afterwards established the
"Orange Judd Farmer" at Chicago, editing it till his
death, December 27, 1892.



Hamilton, New York, in 1854. (See JUDSON, ADO-
NIRAM.)

Judson, (HARRY PRATT,) an American author and
educator, born at Jamestown, New York, in 1849.
He became a teacher, was professor of history at the
University of Minnesota 1885-92, and of political
science, University of Chicago, after 1892. His
works include "Caesar's Army," "Europe in the
Nineteenth Century," " The Growth of the American
Nation," etc.

Judson, (SARAH,) (originally Miss HALL,) a missioi.-



Judd, (SYLVESTER,) a Unitarian minister and writer, ary to Indi ' ' born in ' Alstead, New Hampshire, in 1803.
born in Westhampton Massachusetts, in 1813. He r ' g,. she was married to the Rev . George I)ana

frrann a f*>H ^f Vala m txiK BfiiHtAH riimnifn nf I I -. t-.ri i-/H , . J ....... . -~



in AO-I

raduated at \ ale in 1836, studied divinity at Harvard, Boardman, and the same year sailed
nd from 1840 until his death, in 1853, was pastor of the man Tn established the Baptist
nitarian church in Augusta, Maine. His principal mai and subsequently at Tavoy.
work, " "



with him for Hur-
Mission at Maul-
After the death of



is pronou
mos



k," Margaret, a Tale of the Real and Ideal," (1845.) her husband, in 1831, she continued her missionary

renounced by the "North American Review "the i abours with great success. In 1834 she was married to

it emphatically American book ever written." It has Rev A Judson, noticed above. Died at Saint Helena

since been beautifully illustrated by Darley. Among rus j n ,g.,

other works are " Philio," a didactic poem. Ju yoo 'c\, (J.,) a Danish admiral, was a brother
Jude, [Gr. 'lowSor,] SAINT, one of the twelve apos- o f Niels, noticed below, with whom he co-operated in

ties. He is supposed to be the author of the book several battles. He was one of the negotiators of the

bearing his name. He was surnamed LEBBEUS and treaty of Lund in 1679. Died about 1700.

THADDEUS. See N. JONGE, " Vice-Admiral J. Juels Liv og Lcvncttbeskri-

See Mauhcw x. 3 ; Mark iii. 18. ' velse," 1755.

Judlc, zhii'dtk', (Madame ANNA DAMIENS,) a French ' 3ue] ? < NIELS or NICHOLAS,) a celebrated Danish ad-
actress, born at .Semur. lulv 17, 1*50. Bred a shop-girl, \ mlral ' born ln l62 9- After serving in the Hutch navy
her strong passion for the stace procured her a place in und Van Tromp and De Ruyter, he entered the Danish
the Conservatoire of Paris. She made her debut at the servlce - and greatly distinguished h.mself by several ,m-
Gymnase in 1867. Her best rf/ f s are in light opera, portant victories which he gamed over the Swedes The
where her grace and piquant style are very effective. Kln S of Denmark created him an admiral knighted him,

Judicael, ju'de-kal, became ruler of Bretagne about and conferred u P on hlm other honours ' Dled '" l697 '
632, and assumed the title of royalty. After a reign of Juengling, ying'ling, (FREDERICK.) a gifted artist-
six years, he entered a monastery, and was succeeded by engraver, born in Leipsic in 1846, learned wood-engraving
his son Alain. in his native city, and in 1866 came to New York, where,

Ju'dith, |lleb. P'TIT ; It. GIUDITTA, joo-det'ti,] a asaccessory to his business of engraving, he studied draw-
Jewish heroine, of uncertain epoch. According to tradi- ing, painting, and etching. He was one of the founders


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 44 of 425)