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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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educational works, among which are " Simon de Nantua,"
(1818,) and "Antoine et Maurice," (1821.) His "Post-



humous Works of Simon de Nantua" (1829) obtained
the Montyon prize. Died February 23, 1866.

See QUESARD, " La Francs Litte'raire."

Jussow, yoos'so, (HEINRICH CHRISTOPH,) a German
architect, born at Cassel in 1754. He designed a church
at Neustadt, a wing of the royal palace of Wilhelmshohe,
and the Chinese Gallery at Cassel. Died in 1825.

See ERSCH und GRUBEK, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."

Jussy, zhii'se', (JACQUES PHILIPPE,) a French phy-
sician, born at Besanjon about 1716. He introduced a
new and successful method of lithotomy. Died in 1798.

Just, Saint See SAINT-JUST.

Juste, zhiist, (THEODORE,) a Belgian historian, born
at Brussels in 1818. He published, besides other works
in French, a "Popular History of Belgium," (1838,) a
"History of the Belgian Revolution of 1790," (3 vols..
1846,) and a " History of the Middle Ages," (5 vols..
1848.) Died in 1888.

Justel, zhus'tel', (CHRISTOPHE,) a French Protestant
statesman, and secretary to Henry IV., was born in Paris
in 1580. He was distinguished for his knowledge of
ecclesiastical history and of canon law, upon which he
wrote several books. He also wrote some historical
works, among which is a " History of the Family of
Turenne," (1645.) Died in 1649.

See SAX, " Onomaslicon ;*' MOREKI, " Dictionnaire Historique ;"
HAAG, "La France protestante."

Justel, (HENRI,) a canonist, born in Paris in 1620,
was a son of the preceding, whom he succeeded as
secretary to the king. He collected an extensive library,
especially rich in manuscripts, and was a liberal patron
of literary men. For the sake of religious liberty he
emigrated to England in 1681, and became librarian to
Charles II. He published " Bibliotheca Juris Canonici
veteris," (2 vols., 1661.) Died in 1693.

See SAX, " Onomasticon :" HAAG, "La France protestante ;"
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Justen. See JUUSTEN.

Justi, ydos'tee, (JOHANN HEINRICH GOTTLIEB,) a
German writer on political economy and philosophy,
born in Thuringia about the beginning of the eighteenth
century. Among his numerous works are a " Treatise
on Manufactures and Fabrics," (3 vols., 1758-61,) and
"Moral and Philosophical Writings," (2 vols., 1760-61,)
both in German. Died at Kiistrin in 1771.

See ERSCH und CRUDER, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."

Jus'tin, [Lat. JUSTI'NUS, or JUSTI'NUS FRONTI'NUS.)
a Latin historian of uncertain period, and of whose life
nothing is known. He wrote a work entitled " Histo-
riarum Philippicarum Libri XLIV.," which, as he informs
the reader in his preface, is extracted or abridged from
the History of the World written by Trogus Pompeius.
As the original work is lost, Justin's history, although
it has no great intrinsic merit except an elegant style,
supplies much valuable information not found in other
histories. The most ancient writer that mentions Justin
is Saint Jerome ; and it is supposed that the former lived
between 150 and 350 A.D.

See D. W. MOLLHR, " Dispnt.-uio de Justino," 1684 ; ZKMBSCH,
' Justinus Trogi Pompeii Epitoroator," 1804.

Jus'tin or Justi'nus, surnamed THE MARTYR, one
of the earliest and most learned of the Christian fathers,
was born of Greek parentage at Neapolis, in Palestine,
about 103 A.D. He was educated in the pagan religion
and in the philosophy of Plato. About 132 he embraced
Christianity. He afterwards removed to Rome, where
he wrote, in Greek, his first apology for the Christian
religion. It was addressed to the emperor Antoninus,
from whom Justin procured some concessions for the
Christians. His other apology was addressed to Marcus
Aurelius. He also wrote an account of his discussions
with Trypho, a learned Jew, upon the Messiah. He
suffered martyrdom at Rome under Marcus Aurelius,
for refusing to sacrifice to the heathen gods, about 165
His writings are considered very valuable.

See JOHN KAVE, "Life of Justin Martyr," London, 1836; CARL
SHMISCH, "Justin der Ma'rtvrer." 2 vols., 1840-42: VOLKMAR,
' Ueber Justin den Ma'rtyrer," etc., 1853 ; JUNIUS, " Dissertatio de
Justino Martyre," 1836; RITTBR, "History of Christian Philoso-
ihy ;" EUSKBIUS, " Ecclesiastical History ;" NEANOER, " History af
tie Church ;" FLEURV, " Histoire eccle'siastique."



s, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, fi, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, lit; met; not; good; moon;



JUSTIN



1415



JUVENAL



Justin or Justinns I., Emperor of the East, wit
born a peasant in Dacia in 450 A.D. At an early age re-
went to Constantinople, where he enlisted in the im-
perial guards of Leo I. He distinguished himself by
his military abilities, and rose in rank until he was suc-
cessively appointed general and commander of the
guards. In 518, on the death of the emperor Anasta
sius, Justin was proclaimed his successor by the soldiers
and the people. Through his instrumentality the Greek
and Roman Churches were reconciled. He is generally
regarded as a just prince. Died in 527, soon after re-
signing the throne to his nephew Justinian.

See LE BEAU, "Histoiredu Bas-Empire ;" ZONARAS, "History."

Justin or Justinus II. was a nephew of Justinian I.,
whom he succeeded as Emperor of Constantinople in
565. During his reign the Longobards under Alboin
invaded Italy, the northern part of which they wrested
from the Eastern Empire, and the Persians made several
important conquests in the Asiatic provinces. In 574,
perceiving his inability to govern, he resigned in favour
of Tiberius, the captain of his guards. Died in 578.

See LE BEAU, " Histoire du Bas-Empire;" MENANDER, " His-
toriarumLibri VIII.," Paris, 1609; " Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Jus-ti'na, [Fr. JUSTINE, zhiis'ten',] SAINT, a Chris-
tian martyr, who is supposed to have suffered death
under Diocletian, (A.D. 304.) She was the patroness oi
Venice and of Padua. In the latter tov.n a church was
built in her honour in the fifth century.

See MRS. JAMESON, " History of Sacred and Legendary Art. 1 '

Jus-tinl-an or Jus-tin-i-a'nua [Fr. JUSTINIEN,
zhus'te'ne-aN'] I., one of the most celebrated of the Em-
perors of the East, and nephew of Justin I., was born in
Dardania, May n, 483 A.D. Justin at his coronation in
518 appointed Justinian his colleague, and in 527 invested
him with supreme authority. Soon after ascending
the throne, Justinian commenced an active persecution
against the Arians, Jews, and Pagans. About 532 se-
rious revolts occurred, in one of which the church of Saint
Sophia and other buildings were destroyed by fire. This
sedition, in which thirty thousand insurgents are said to
have fallen, was incited by the factions of the circus, and
was only quelled by the prompt resolution of Belisarius at
the head of the imperial guards. Justinian showed great
clemency to those of his rebellious subjects who were
made prisoners. He immediately began to repair the
damages of the conflagration. The magnificent church
of Saint Sophia, which is one of the most remarkable
edifices of any age or country, was rebuilt upon the plan
furnished by the architect Anthemius. Justinian also
exhibited his liberality and architectural skill in the con-
struction of temples, convents, roads, bridges, aqueducts,
and fortifications in many parts of his vast empire. But
by far the greatest work of his reign was the revision of
the Roman law and the publication of the Codes, Pan-
dects, and Institutions which bear his name, and which
were compiled under his supervision by the eminent
jurist Tribonian. The "Codes," consisting of twelve
books, were completed in 534. The " Digesta" or " Pan-
dectas," embracing all that was taken from the decisions,
arguments, and expositions of the civilians of Rome, were
subsequently issued in fifty books. The "Institutiones"
were an abridgment of the first principles of the law for
the use of students. Justinian also composed many new
laws, mostly in Greek, entitled " Constitutiones No-
vellas." While he was thus rendering such eminent
service to the world by the publication of his Codes and
Pandects, his celebrated generals Belisarius and Narses
carried the terror of his arms into Persia, Italy, and
Africa, and made their master the sovereign of nearly
all the territory over which the first Caesars had held
dominion. (See BELISARIUS, and NARSES.) Justinian
gave liberal encouragement to the industrial arts, and
was the first to introduce silk-worms and the manu-
facture ot silken goods into Europe. He died in 565,
after a re gn of more than thirty-eight years, and was
succeeded by his nephew, Justin II. Justinian, although
justly censurable for his occasional intolerance, was dis-
tinguished for his general justice and humanity, as well
:-s for his knowledge of theology, philosophy, law, poetry,
and architecture, for his administrative powers, and for
his exceedingly virtuous and temperate life, qualities



which would have placed him in the highest rank as a
monarch, even if he had not produced those Codes which
have immortalized his name.




Justinian [I.at. JUSTINIA'NUS] IX, son of Constan-
tine III., ascended the throne of Constantinople in 685.
He gained important advantages over the Saracens, and
compelled them to relinquish some of their conquests.
Finally, his great cruelties to his subjects, and also, it is
said, his intention of burning Constantinople, caused his
general Leontius to depose him, to cut oft his nose, and
to banish him to the Crimea. He subsequently escaped
from the Crimea, and married the daughter of a Turkish
chief, with whose assistance, and that of the Bulgarians,
he regained his crown. He put Leontius, and many
others, to horrible deaths. He was preparing to execute
furtner cruelties, when he was killed in 711 by Philip-
pltus Bardanes, who succeeded him.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;" LE BEAU,
"Histoire du Bas-Empire;" ZONARAS, "Mistory;" "No'welle
Biographic Generale."

Justinian! See GIUSTINIANI.

Justinianus. See JUSTINIAN.

Justinien. See JUSTINIAN.

Justiuus. See JUSTIN.

Jus'tu-lua, (yoos'too-lus,) (PiETKO FRANCESCO,) t
Latin poet, and secretary to Caesar Borgia, a native of
Italy, lived about 1500. His poems are distinguished
for their purity and elegance.

Jusuf. See YOOSUF.

Ju-tur'na, [Fr. JUTURNE, zhu'tuRn',] a nymph or
goddess of the Roman mythology, was said to be beloved
by Jupiter. According to Virgil, she was a sister of
Turnus. The water which the Romans used in sacrifices
was mostly drawn from the fountain of Juturna.

Juturne. See JUTURNA.

Juusten or Justen, yoos'ten, (PAUL,) Bishop of Abo,
in Finland, was born at Viborg. He was sent in 1569 by
John III. of Sweden as an ambassador to Ivan, Czar of
Russia. That monarch, on some false pretence against
John, threw Juusten in prison, where he was confined for
three years. Died at Abo in 1575.

Juvara, yoo-va'ra, or Ivara, e-va'ri, (FlLlPPO,) first
architect to the Duke of Savoy, was born at Messina, in
Italy, in 1685, and educated at Rome under Fontana.
He constructed a palace at Messina, and several edifices
in Turin. In 1724 he went to Lisbon, where he super-
intended the building of the royal palace and other edi-
fices, for which he received the order of knighthood and
a pension of about three thousand dollars. He died in
1735, at Madrid. Among his best works are the hunting-
palace of Stupinigi, and the Birago di Borgaro palace,
both in Turin.

See MILIZIA, " Memorie degli Architetti ;" QUATREMBRH DK
QUINCY, "Vies des Architectes c<Slebres;" "Nouvelle Biographie
Generale."

Ju'vf-nal, [Lat. JUVENA'LIS ; Fr. JUVENAL, zhii'vi'-
nil',] or, more fully, De9l-mus Ju'ni-us Ju-ve-na'-
lis, one of the most celebrated of the Latin satirical poets,
is believed to have been born in Aquinum, a Volscian
town, about A.D. 40. But few authentic facts have been
preserved respecting his history : it is said, however, that
he was the son of a wealthy freedman, and that he
devoted the early part of his life to the study of rhetoric
and declamation. He afterwards became a pleader in
the courts of law, where he appears to have been suc-
cessful. He was an intimate friend of the poet Martial,
who mentions him in two of his epigrams. None of
the productions of Juvenal were given to the public
until he had passed the age of sixty years. His poems,
which he then recited, gained him universal admiration.
One of his earliest satires had been written against an
actor named Paris, who was a great favourite with tha
emperor Domitian. It was not published i itil the reign
of Hadrian, who, imagining that it reflected on one of
his own favourites, sent Juvenal into an honourable exile



f. as k; 9 as s: g hard; g as /; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; K, trilled; s as z; %h as in this. ( Jl3f = See Explanations, p. 23.)



JUVENAL



1416



KAIANIAN



ay making him the prefect of a legion in Egypt, where
ne Is said to have died about A.D. 125. Sixteen of his
satires have been preserved. Several translations of
them have been made Mto English, of which the most
prominent are those of Oryden and Gifford. In these
satires Juvenal severely ishes the prevailing vices cf
his time but it may well b,' doubted whether his vivid
pictures of the licentiousness of that age do not tend to
fan those very passions whici\ they seem intended to
restrain. He was distinguished for his force of intellect,
his flow of language, and his never-failing wit "Juvenal
gives me," says Dryden, " as much pleasure as I can
bear. He fully satisfies expectation ; he treats his sub-
ject home. . . . When he gives over, 'tis a sign that the
subject is exhausted, and that the wit of man can carry
it no further." His works, differing equally from the
austere moral dialogues of Persius and the genial raillery
of Horace, are rhetorical rather than poetical. They are
brilliant and sonorous declamations, and master-pieces
}f denunciation.

" Magnificent versification," says Macaulay, " and in-
genious combinations rarely harmonize with the expres-
sion of deep feeling. In Juvenal and Dryden alone we
have the sparkle and the heat together. Those great
satirists succeeded in communicating the fervour of their
feelings to materials the most incombustible, and kindled
the whole mass into a blaze at once dazzling and destruc-
tive." ("Essay on Dryden.") Among the best editions
of Juvenal is that of Ruperti, (Leipsic, 2 vols., 1801,) to
which are prefixed all the ancient documents for the
biography of the satirist.

See J. V. FRANCKE, "Examen critiuim D. J. Juvenalis Vitae,"



TuYenals." 18^; B.XHR. "Geschichte der Rdmischen Litteratur."



Juvenal, zhiiv'ntl', (Gui Jouvenneaux.zhoo'vJ'no',
or Jouennaux, zhoo'i'no',) a French philoiogist and
ecclesiastic, born about 1460, was educated at Paris.
Among his works are "Commentaries on the Comedies
of Terence," and " Monastic Reformations Vindicated."
Died in 1505.

Juvenal des TJrsins. See URSINS.

Ju-ven'cus, (CA'ius VEC'TIUS (v?k'she-us) AQUILI'-
NUS,) one of the earliest Christian poets, was born in
Spain about 330 A.D. His principal production is the
" Life of Christ," written in Latin poetry and taken lite-
rally from the four Evangelists.

See A. R. GEBSHR, "Dissertatio de C. V. A. Juventi Vita et
Scriptis," 1827 ; ERSCH und GRUBER, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie. "

Juvenel, zhuv'nel', (FELIX,) a French historical writer,
born at Pezenas in 1669, published " Principles of His-
tory." Died in 1760.

Juvigny. See RIGOLEY DE JUVIGNY.

Jtix'on, (WILLIAM,) Archbishop of Canterbury, born
in Chichester in 1582, graduated at Oxford. In 1621 he
was appointed president of Saint John's College, and
afterwards received various offices in the Church through
the patronage of Archbishop Laud. In 1633 he was
successively raised to the sees of Hereford and London.
Two years later he was appointed by Charles I. lord
high treasurer of England. For about six years he ful-
filled the duties of this station with so much justice and
ability that, although great hostility was excited that an
ecclesiastic should be chosen to that office, no charges
were made against his administration. He remained
with Charles through his trial, and accompanied him to
the scaffold, where he received the dying injunctions of
that monarch. On the restoration he was raised to the
see of Canterbury. Died in 1663. (See "Memoirs of
Juxon and his Times," 1869.)



JLaab, ka'ab, a distinguished Arabian poet, who flour-
ished about 650 A.D. He was at first a bitter enemy of
Mohammed ; but afterwards, becoming reconciled to
him, he wrote a poem, which is regarded as the most
beautiful of the eulogiums addressed to the founder of
the Moslem faith. The prophet was so much pleased
that he gave Kaab his green mantle. The poem was
hung up in the Temple of Mecca. Kaab died in 662 A.D.

See D'HERBBLOT, " Bibliotheque Orientale."

Kaas, kls, |Lat KAA'SIUS,] (NlKOLAUS,) a Danish
statesman, born in 1535, and educated in Germany, where
he studied theology under Melanchthon. In 1573 he
was appointed chancellor of Denmark, and in 1588 be-
came first regent of the kingdom during the minority
of Christian I. He performed the duties of that office
with commendable ability and patriotism. Died in 1594.
Kaas actively promoted the cause of education.

See HOFMANN, " Portraits historiques des Hommes ce'lebres du
Danemarck ;" FOLDER, " Exegesis Virtutum et Rerun) gestarum N.
Kaasii," 1580: P. J. WINSTKUP, " Ligpraediken over N. Kaas,"
1594 : J- CALUNDANUS, " Descriptio Vila; N. Kaasii," 1637.

Kaasiua. See KAAS.

Kaau-Boerkaave, kow booR'hi'veh, (AnRAM,) a
Dutch physician, and nephew of Herman Boerhaave,
was burn at the Hague in 1713, and educated at Leyden.
In 1740 he was invited to Saint Petersburg, where he
became councillor of state, and in 1748 first physician to
the imperial court. Died at Moscow in 1753.

Kabbete, kab'beh-teh, (JAN,) a Dutch landscape-
painter. Some of his pictures were engraved by Perelle.
Died in 1660.

Kabel, van der, vin der ka'bel, (ADRIAAN,) a Dutch
landscape-painter and engraver, born at Riswyck in 1631.
His designs were natural and vigorous. Died in 1695.

See PILKINGTON, " Dictionary of Painters."

Kabir, ka-beeR', an East Indian (Hindee) writer, of
Benares, who probably lived in the fifteenth century of
our era. He was of the weaver caste, and of the Vaish-
nava sect, though bred a Mussulman. A very great
number of works are ascribed to him. His writings are



religious, and to some extent philosophical, teaching a
sort of pantheism.

Kabus ur Kabous. See CABOOS.

Kadlubek, kad-loo'bek, (VINCENT,) sometimes writ-
ten Kodlubko or Kalubko, a Polish historian and
prelate, was born in Galicia. In 1208 he was raised to
the see of Cracow. Died in 1223. He wrote a valuable
and accurate history of Poland to the year 1202.

See OSSOUNSKI, " V. Kadlubek, ein historisch-kntischer Beitrag,"
etc., 1822.

Kaempfer. See KAMPFER.

Kaestuer. See KASTNER.

Eager, ka'ger, (JOHANN MATTHIAS,) a German
painter of history, born at Munich in 1566; died at
Augsburg in 1634.

Kahle, ka'leh, (LuDWiG MARTIN,) a German philos-
opher and jurist, born at Magdeburg in 1712. Among
his works is "The Balance of Europe," (" De Trutina
Europae," 1744.) Died in 1775.

Kahler, kJ'ler, (JoHANN,) a German Lutheran divine,
born at Wolmar, Hesse-Cassel, in 1649, was a Cartesian
in philosophy, and wrote several works. Died in 1727.

Kahilis, ka'nis, (KARL FRIEDRICH AUGUST,) a Ger-
man theologian, born at Greitz in 1814. He studied
under Tholuck, and became professor of theology at
Leipsic in 1850. He published a valuable work, entitled
"Lutherische Dogmatik,"(2vols., i86i-68,)also, "Chris-
tenthum und Philosophic," (1884,) etc. Died in iSSS.

Kaianian orCaianian, ki-a'ne-an, the name of the
most celebrated of ill the ancient Persian dynasties, so
called from its founder, Ivai-KobSd, who, according to
the Persian legends, was placed on the throne by the
famous hero and conqueror Robstum, (or Rustem.) Of
this dynasty, Cyrus the Great (called by the Persians
Kai-Khosroo or Kai-Khosrau, Kos-row') was the chief
ornament and glory. (See CYRUS.) Darius the Younger,
conquered by Alexander the Great, was the last of the
Kaianian kings.

See ATKINSON, " Abridgment of the ShSh NSmeh of Fitdausi,
London, 1832; "A Short History of Persia," in vol. v. of SIR W.
JONES'S Works.



a. e, T, o, u, v, !<">g: 4, , 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y,sAort;3^e, i, Q, obscure; far, fAll, tat; mt; n6t; good; moon;



KAI-KAOOS



1417



KALIDASA



Kai-Kaoos, (-Kafls or -Kaous,) ki ka'oos', an an-
cient king of Persia, (or Iran,) was the son of Kai-Kobad.
His general, the famous Roostum, carried on successful
wars against the Kings of TOrin. Sir William Jones
places the date of this prince's accession at B.C. 610.
Kai-Kaoos is said to have founded an observatory in
Babylon. He was succeeded by his grandson, Kai-Knos-
roo, (Cyrus the Great.)

See MIKKHOND, "Raouset;" ATKINSON, "Abridgment of the
ShSh Named."

Kai-Kaoos, (-Kaus or -Kaous,) ki ka'oos', 1,
seventh Sultan of the dynasty of the Seljookides of
Anatolia, succeeded his father, Kai-Khosroo, about A.D.
1210. He was engaged in wars with the Grecian em-
peror and several of the neighbouring princes. Died in
1219, and was succeeded by his brother, Kai-Kobad
Ala-ed-Deen, (Ala-eddin.)

See FERISHTA, " History."

Kai-Kaoos (or -Kaus) II., Azzed-ed-Deen, (Az-
Eed-Bddiii,) iz'zed ed-deen', succeeded his father,
Kai-Khosroo II., in the sovereignty of Anatolia, about
A.D. 1244- His reign was occupied by long wars with
his brother, Kilij-Arslan, and with the Grand Khan
ofTartary. Died in 1278.

Kai-Khosroo. See CYRUS.

Kai-Khosroo (-Khosrou) THE ELDER. See CYRUS.

Kai-Khos'roo' I., sixth Sultan of the dynasty of the
Seljookides, became sovereign of Anatolia A.D. 1192.
He was killed in battle in 1210 by Theodore Lascaris,
Emperor of Constantinople.

Kai-Khosroo XL succeeded his father, Kai-Kobad
Ala-ed-Deen, (Ala-eddin,) on the throne of Anatolia in
1237. In 1244 he was defeated by the Tartars, and was
compelled to become a tributary to their grand khan.
He died the same year.

Kai-Khosroo m., twelfth of the dynasty of the
Seljookides, became Sultan about 1266. Died in 1283.

Kailasa or Cailasa, kl-la'sa, called in the common
dialect Kailas, kl-lls', the name of a very high mountain-
peak near the northern extremity of India, supposed to
be the favourite abode of Siva and Parvati. (See SIVA.)

Kain. See LE KAIN.

Kain, (JOHN JOSEPH,) D.D., an American bishop,
born at Martinsburg, West Virginia, May 31, 1841. He
graduated at Saint Charles College, Maryland, in 1862,
studied at Saint Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, was or-
dained a Catholic priest in 1866, and in 1875 was conse-
crated Bishop of Wheeling.

Kaiook, Kaiuk, or Kaiouk, ki-ook', a grandson
of Jengis Khan, was proclaimed Grand Khan ofTartary
in 1246. This prince granted numerous privileges to
the Christians of his dominions. He died in 1248, as he
was raising an immense army for the invasion of Europe.

Kaifis, ka'ris, (THEOPHILOS,) a Greek ecclesiastic,
born in the island of Andros in 1780. In 1839 he was
banished by the Synod of Athens to a cloister for having
taught deism. He wrote a burlesque on the prayers of
the Christian Church. In 1852 he was sent to prison,
where he died in 1853.

Kaiser, (FREDERIK,) a Dutch astronomer, born at
Amsterdam, June 10, 1808. He published "The Starry
Heavens," (" De Sterrenhemel," 1843,) and other works,
and became a professor in Leyden. Died July 28, 1872.

Kaiser, ki'zer, (FRIEDRICH,) a German engraver,
born at Ulm in 1775, worked in Vienna. Died in 1819.

Kaiser, (FRIEDRICH,) an Austrian dramatist, born at
Bibrach, April 3, 1814; died November 7, 1874.

Ka'kig I., King of Armenia, of the dynasty of Pagrat-
ides, succeeded his brother, Sempad II., in 989. Kakig
assumed the surname SHAHAN-SHAH, (" King of kings.")
In 998 he assisted David, a Georgian prince, to defeat the
Mohammedans under Mamloon the Ameer. Died in 1020.

Kala, kl'la, or Kal, a Sanscrit word, signifying " time,"
[from kdl* to "count" or "reckon,"] and forming one of
the many names of the destroying god SIVA, (which see.)

Kalakaua, kal'a-kow'a, (DAVID,) King of the Ha-
waiian Islands, was born at Honolulu, November 16,

* This word is related etymologically to the middle syllable of the
Latin "interctz/aris," denoting the reckoning of a day or space 3f
time between other days. The word "kalends" is not improbably
from the same root.



1836. On the failure of heirs to the former royal house
at the death of King Lunalilo in 1874, he was elected


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 47 of 425)