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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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to the succession, his claim being based upon a remote
descent, through the female line, from one of the old
royal families of the kingdom. He visited the United
States and Europe in the year of his accession, and again
in later years. Died January 20, 1891.

Kalauaga. See KALIYA.

Kalaun or Kalaoun. See KELAOON.

Kalb, de. See DE KALB.

Kalbeck, kal'blk, (MAX,) a German poet, born at
Breslau, January 4, 1850. He became a journalist and
art-critic in Vienna. He has published several volumes
of lyric poems, remarkable for delicacy of finish and for
their richly musical quality.

Kalckreuth,von, fon kalk'roit', (FRIEDRICH ADOLF,)
COUNT, born at Sangerhausen, in Prussia, in 1737, served
in the war of the Bavarian succession, and afterwards
in the campaigns of Holland and France. For his gallant
defence of Dantzic against the French, in 1807, he was
made field-marshal. In July, 1807, he concluded with
Talleyrand a treaty of peace between Prussia and
France. Died in 1818.

See L. G. MICHAUD, "Notices historiques sur le Marshal Jour-
dan et les Ge'ne'raux Kalckreuth et Kilmaine."

Kaldi, kal'dee, (GEORGE,) a learned and eloquent
Hungarian Jesuit, born in Tirnau about 1572, was pro-
fessor of theology at Olmutz. Died at Presburg in 1634.
He translated the Bible into the Hungarian language.

Kale. See KALF.

Kalee. See KXtf.

Ka'ler, (JAMES OTIS,) an American author, born ai
Winterport. Maine, March 19, 1846, for some years was
engaged in journalism in Boston and New York. He is
author of several highly successful tales for the young,
including "Toby Tyler," "Mr. Stubbs's Brother," "Old
Ben," "Tim and Tip," "Raising the Pearl," etc., pub-
lished under the name of "James Otis."

Kalergis, ka-lR'|is, (DEMETRIUS,) a Greek general
and politician, born in Taganrog about 1802. He fought
for independence against the Turks. About 1843 ne De "
came a general, and governor of Athens. He was min-
ister of war for about two years, (1854-56.) Died in 1867.

Kalf, kilf, written also Kale, (WiLHELM,) a distin-
guished Dutch painter of still life, born in Amsterdam
in 1630. He especially excelled in painting fruit, gold
and silver vessels, gems, crystals, etc. Died in 1693.

Kali or Kalee, ka'lee, the feminine of Kala, (a name
of Siva,) forming the common appellation of Siva's con-
sort in her destroying character. She is often called
Maha Kali, (ma-ha' ka'lee,) or the "Great Kali," and
Bhadra (b'hud'ra) Kali, (from Bhadra, one of the many
appellations of Siva,) and various other names. She is
represented sometimes with four and sometimes with
eight hands, and her person is decorated with a necklace
of human skulls. Her images are usually painted black
or of a dark colour. In her character of Maha Kali she
sometimes represents eternity. (See Coleman's "My-
thology of the Hindoos," p. 91.) As active or militant
virtue, she is called Durga ; in her ordinary and more
peaceful character she is known as Parvati, (i.e. the
"mountain goddess," in allusion to her dwelling on the
inaccessible heights of the Himalayas,) or as Devi, (da'-
vee,) which signifies the " goddess" par excellence. (See

Kalldasa, Calldasa, ka'll-da'sa, or Kalidasas.
called " the Shakspeare of India," the most illustrious
of Hindoo poets, is supposed by some to have lived
about 50 B.C., by others about 250 A.D. or even later.
Tradition says that he lived under the magnificent reign
of Vikramaditya I. He was the author of several dramas,
of which the most celebrated, " Sakoontala," (or " Sakon-
tala,") was first made known to the nations of the West
through the prose translation of Sir William Jones. The
appearance of this remarkable production excited a deep
interest and general admiration among the critics of
Europe. Of its author, Alexander Humboldt observes,
"Tenderness in the expression of feeling, and richness
of creative fancy, have assigned to him his lofty place
among the poets of all nations." Goethe expresses tns
admiration in a still higher strain :

; 9 as s; %hard; gas/,- G, H, n, guttural ; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in this.

Explanations, p. 23.)




"Wi'Ist du die Blijthe des frulien, die Friichte des spateren Jahres,
Willst du was reizt und entziickt, wills! du was sattigt und nllhrt,
Willst du den Himmel, die Erde, mil einem Namen begreifen?
Nenn' ich Sakontala dich, und so ist alles gesagt."*
A translation of the Sakoontala, by Monier Williams,
the Boden professor of Sanscrit at Oxford, was pub-
lished at Hertford in 1856. In this version the metrical
portions of the original play were for the first time
rendered into English verse. Besides the drama already
referred to, there have come down to us two others by
Kalidasa, viz., " Vikrama and Urvasi," which abounds in
lyrical beauties, and a comedy entitled "Agnimitra and
Malavika." His two epic poems, "Raghuvansa" and
" Kumara-Sambhava," possess, with many individual
beauties, comparatively little merit, taken as a whole.
Among his lyrical poems, " Megha-duta," or the " Cloud-
Messenger," is remarkable for its deep feeling and grace-
ful delineations of nature. The " Nalodaya," a sort of
poetical romance, which, in spite of much that would
strike a European reader as ridiculous or absurd, has
many charming passages, is also commonly ascribed to

See the notice of Kaliddsa prefixed to PROFESSOR WILLIAMS'S
translation of " Sakoontala," already referred to ; WILSON'S " Indian
Theatre," in which there are English translations of the " Megha-
duta" and an analysis of " Agnimitra and Malavika ;" also BROCK-
HAUS, " Conversations- Lexikon. " The " Nalfidaya" has been trans-
lated into English verse by the RBV. W. YATES, Calcutta, 1844.

Kalisch, ka'lish, (DAVID,) a German humorous poet,
of Jewish origin, born at Breslau, February 23, 1 820. His
verses, plays, and couplets are extremely popular in Ger-
many. He published " Berliner Leierkasten," (1857-60,)
and " Lustige Werke," (1870.) Died at Berlin, August
21, 1872.

Kalisch, (LUDWIG,) a German author, born at
Polnisch-Lissa, of Jewish parents, September 7, 1814.
He was educated at Heidelberg and Munich, and became
noted as a journalist and a writer of humorous ballads
and romances. Died in Paris, March 3, 1882.

Kalisch, (MARCUS M.,) a Jewish scholar, born at
Treptow, in Pomerania, May 16, 1828. He was educated
at Berlin 3H'\ Halle. He settled in England in 1849.
His writings include "A Critical Commentary" on the
Old Testament, with translation, (vol. i., 1855 ; vol. iv.,
1872,) a Hebrew Grammar, "Bible Studies," (1877,)
" Path and Goal," (1880,) etc. Died in ib'b'5.

Kallya, ka'li-ya, [from the Sanscrit k&lA, " black," and
hence "terrible" or "deadly,"] called also Kalanaga,
(ka'la-na'ga,) in the Hindoo mythology, the name of a
terrible serpent destroyed by Krishna. As the latter is
by some identified with the Apollo of the Greeks, so
Kaliya is supposed to be the Python of classic mythology.

See MOOR, " Hindu Pantheon."

Kalkar. See CALCAR.

Kalkar, kal'kar, (CHRISTIAN ANDREAS HERMAN,) a
Danish theologian, born at Stockholm in 1802. He be-
came first minister of the diocese of Seeland in 1843.
Among his works is a " Manual of Exegesis," (2 vols.,

Kalkbrenner, kalk'bRen'ner, (CHRISTIAN,) a Ger-
man musician and composer, born at Minden in 1755.
He composed dramatic and instrumental music, and
became chapel-master to the queen at Berlin in 1788.
Died in Paris in 1806.

See Fins, "Biographic Universelle des Musiciens."

Kalkbrenner, (FRIEDRICH,) a German musical com-
poser and pianist, born in Berlin in 1788, was a son of
the preceding. He visited Vienna in 1803, where he
studied under Albrechtsberger. He settled in Paris in
1824, and, in conjunction with Pleyel, founded one of the
most celebrated piano-manufactories of that city. As a
musician he holds the first rank, and his numerous com-
positions for the piano are highly esteemed. Died in 1 849.

See L. BOIVIN, " Kalkbrenner," Paris, 1842 : F4T1S, " Biographic
Universelle des Musiciens ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"neVale."

Kal'kl, [modern Hindoo pron. kul'ki ; from the San-

* " Wouldst thou the blossoms of the early, the fruits of the later year,

Wouldst thou what charms and enraptures, what satisfies and nour-
ishes, [the soul,]

Wouldst thou comprehend heaven and earth [in short] under one

When I name thee, O Sakoontala. then everything is said."

scrit tdl, to " count" or " reckon,"] the only one of the
avatars of Vishnu yet to come. Vishnu, mounted on a
white horse, with a flaming sword in his hand, will bring
the present (or Kali) age to an end, to be followed by an
era of purity.

See MOOR, M Hindu Pantheon."

Kail, kal, (ABRAHAM,) an eminent Danish scholar,
born in Jutland in 1743, graduated at the University of
Copenhagen, where in 1778 he became professor of the
history and mythology of the North. In 1785 he founded
a society for the promotion of the study of foreign lite-
rature, and in 1808 was appointed historiographer of the
kingdoms of Denmark and Norway. Died in 1821.

Sec ERSUEW, " Forfatter-Lexicon."

Kallay, von, fon kal'loi, (BENJAMIN,) a Hungarian
statesman, born December 22, 1839. He lived for some
time in Servia, and wrote a " History of the Serbs," (2
vols., 1877-78.) He was sent as an envoy to tne East
Roumelian commission in 1878, and took an active part
in reorganizing the affairs of the Balkan peninsula. In
1882 he was made finance-minister for Austria- Hungary

Kallgreen. See KELLCR^N.

Kallias. See CALLIAS.

Kallicrates. See CALLICRATES.

Kallicratidas. See CALLICRATIDAS.

Kallimachus. See CALLIMACHUS.

KallinicuB. See CALLINICUS.

Kallinus. See CALLINUS.

Kalliope. See CALLIOPE.

Kallippus. See CALLIPPUS.

Kalliatheues. See CALLISTHENES.

Kallistratus. See CALLISTRATUS.

Kalliwoda, kil'le-wo'da, UOHANN WENZEL,) a noted
violinist and composer, born at Prague in 1800 ; died 1866.

Kalm, kalm, (PEHR,) a Swedish naturalist, born in
1715. In 1748, under the direction of the Academy of
Sciences in Stockholm, he sailed for North America,
where he remained about three years, prosecuting the
study of natural history. On his return to Sweden he
published an account of his travels, under the title of
"A Voyage to North America," (1753.) The first part
of this valuable work relates to Sweden, Norway, and
England. He was afterwards elected a member of the
Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, and created knight
of the order of Vasa. He wrote several other scientific
works. Died in 1779. The genus Kalmia was named
in honour of him.

See J. L. ODHKLIUS, " Aminnelse-Tal bfver P. Kalm," 1780.
ADKLUNG, Supplement to JOCHER'S "Allgemeines Gelehrten- Lexi-

Kalnoky, or Kalnoky von Koros-Fatak, kll'-
no-ke fon kb'Rbs-pot'ok, (GUSTAV,) COUNT, an Austrian
statesman, born at Lettovitz, in Moravia, December 29,
1832. He early entered the diplomatic service, and
in 1881 was made prime minister of Austria-Hungary.
He resigned in 1895. Died December II, 1898.

Kalo-Joannes. See CALO- JOANNES.

Kalraat, van, vin kal'rlt', (ABRAM,) a Dutch painter
and sculptor, born at Dort in 1643. His paintings are
chiefly of flowers and fruits. Died in 1699.

Kalraat, van, (BERNARD or BARENT,) brother of the
preceding, born in 1650, studied under Albert Cuyp.
He was distinguished for the elegant finish which he
gave to his landscapes. He painted scenes on the Rhine.
Died in 1721.

Kaltenbach, kal'ten-baK', (GEORG GOTTFRIED,) a
German engraver and art-historian, born at Graudenz,
May 18, 1805 ; died at Bamberg, February I, 1865.

Kalubko. See KADLUBEK.

Kalypso. See CALYPSO.

Kamadfiva, ka'ma-da'va, or Kamaddo, ka'ma-da'o,
[from the Sanscrit kArna, "desire" or " love," and dPvi,
a "god,"] written also Camadeva, Camadeo, and
Camdeo, sometimes called simply Kama or Carna,
the god of love of the Hindoos, is said to be the son of
Maya, (" Illusion.) He is represented as a beautiful youth,
sometimes as riding on a parrot, and sometimes as con-
versing with his mother Maya, or his wife Reti, (or Rati,)
(i.e. " Affection.") He has a bow made of sugar-cane, (or,
according to some authorities, of flowers.) The points

i, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, t, o, u, J, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; ti6t; good; moon




of his arrows are tipped with flowers. Vasanta (the
" Spring") is said to be his most intimate friend. The
most remarkable event in Kamadeva's history is his
encounter with Siva. It is related that he once pre-
sumed to aim one of his arrows at the destroying deity,
who with one glance of his eye reduced the love-god to
ashes. Since that catastrophe Kamadeva has ceased to
possess any corporeal form ; but his actual power seems
thereby to have been increased rather than diminished,
as he can now more easily, and with less suspicion, exert
his sway over the minds of men.

See MOOR'S "Hindu Pantheon;" SIR WILLIAM JONES'S Works,
vol. vi., (or vol. xiii. of another edition.)

Kamadhenn, ka'ma-d'ha'ndo, [i.e. " wish-cow," from
the Sanscrit kdmd, "desire" or "wish," and dhlnu, a
"cow,"] in the Hindoo mythology, the name of a won-
derful cow, produced by the churning of the ocean, having
power to grant to those whom she favoured whatever
they might desire. She is also called Surabhi, (soo'-
ra-b'hi,) and is in fact a goddess of no mean pretensions,
and would appear to occupy nearly the same rank as
Vishnu's consort Lakshmi, who also was produced from
the churning of the ocean. It is not unusual for the
Hindoos, when praying for prosperity or happiness, to
say, " May Lakshmi, who resides among the gods, (or
"who reposes on the bosom of Vishnu,") become a boon-
granting cow to me." (See LAKSHM?, andKORMA.)

See MOOR, "Hindu Pantheon."

Kamala or Kemala, [modern Hindoo pron. kum'-
a-la'; from kamdld, the " lotus," which is in its turn
derived from kfimd, "beauty," "radiance,"] one of the
names of LAKSHMf, (which see.)

Kamban, kam'ban, a Tamil (South Indian) poet, of
a very uncertain date. He wrote a " Ramayana" in the
Tamil tongue, which is based upon, but is not a trans-
lation of. the " Ramayana" of Valmiki.

Kambyses. See CAMBYSES.

Kamehameha (ka-ma-ha'ma-ha') TTT, King of
Hawaii, or the Sandwich Islands, was born about 1817 ;
died in 1854.

Kamehameha IV., a son of the preceding, born in
1833, was educated by Protestant missionaries. He vis-
ited Europe in 1852, became king in 1854, and died 1863.

Kamel. See CAMELLI.

Kamenski, ki-men'skee, (Count MICHAEL FEDORO-
VITCH,) a Russian, born about 1735, was created field-
marshal by the emperor Alexander in 1802. Four years
later he was appointed commander-in-chief of the army
sent against the French, but was soon after succeeded
by Benningsen. He died, or was killed, in 1809.

Kames, LORD. See HOME, (HENRY.)

Kam-Hi. See KHANG-HEE.

Kampen, van, (JAKOB.) See CAMPEN.

Kampen, van, vin kam'pen, (NicoLAAS GODFRIED,)
a Dutch historian, born at Haarlem in 1776. In 1829
he was professor of Dutch history and literature in Am-
sterdam. Among his works may be mentioned " His-
tory of the French Ascendency in Europe," (8 vols., 1815
-23,) and " Geographical and Statistical Account of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands," (1827.) Died in 1839.

See MULLER, " Leven van N. Kampen," 1840 ; VAN DEN BRINK,
M N. G. van Kampen," etc., 1839.

Kampenhausen, kam'pen-how'zen, (BALTHASAR,)
BARON, born near Riga, in Russia, in 1772, wrote several
political and topographical works. Died in 1823.

Kampfer or Kaempfer, kSmp'fer, (ENGELBRECHT,)
an eminent German botanist and traveller, was born at
Lemgo in 1651. He studied medicine and the languages.
In 1683 he accompanied the Swedish ambassador to
Persia. Having passed into the service of the Dutch
East India Company as surgeon, he visited Bengal,
Java, Sumatra, and Japan. He retumed to Europe in
1693, and published an important work entitled "Amos-
nitates Exoticae," (1712,) which contains the results of
his researches in Persia, etc. He also wrote a valuable
"History of Japan and Siam," which was published by
Sir Hans Sloane in English, (1727.) It was also pub-
lished in German in 1777. Died at Lemgo in 1716.

See HIRSCHING, " Historisch-literarUches Handbuch ;" "Ntra-
Telle Biographic Gfae'rale."

Kamphuizen. See CAMPHUVSEN.

Kamptz, von, fon kampts, (KARL ALKRECHT CHRIS-
TOPH HEINRICH,) an able Prussian statesman, born at
Mecklenburg in 1769, was successively appointed min-
ister of the interior and of the police, and in 1830 min-
ister of justice. Died in 1849. He published "Civil
Law of the Duchy of Mecklenburg," and " Contributions
to Public and International Law."

Kanada, (the name of a sage.) See K^SYAPA.

Kauaris, ka'na-ris, (CONSTANTINE,) a famous naval
hero of modern Greece, born in the island of Ipsara
about 1790. In 1822 he blew up the Turkish admiral's
ship in the channel of Chios, and in 1824 saved the island
of Samos by burning a large Turkish frigate and several
transport-ships which were destined to attack it. In
1827 he represented Ipsara in the Greek National Con-
vention, and in 1848 was appointed minister of the marine
and president of the cabinet. He resigned in 1855.
Died September 14, 1877.

Kandace. See CANDACE.

Kaudaules. See CANDAULES.

Kandeh Rao, kan'deh ra'o, [perhaps from the San-
scrit kdndd, 3 "horse," and rdo, a modern Hindoo word,
signifying "prince,"] written also Kandarahu, the
name of an avatar of Siva, in which that god is always
represented on horseback. (See SIVA.) Kandeh Rao
is worshipped chiefly among the Mahrattas.

See MOOR, " Hindu Pantheon."

Kandjatou. See KANJATOO.

Kandler, kant'ler, (JOHANN JOACHIM,) a German
artist and modeller in porcelain, born in Saxony in 1706.
He worked at Meissen. Died in 1776.

Kane, (LISHA KENT,) M.D., a distinguished Ameri-
can explorer, born in Philadelphia on the 2oth of Feb-
ruary, 1820. He was the son of Judge John K. Kane.
He studied medicine, and graduated in the University
of Pennsylvania in 1842, on which occasion he wrote an
inaugural thesis on "Kyestein." In 1843 he sailed to
China with Commodore Parker, as surgeon or physician
to the embassy. He visited India, Ceylon, and the Phil-
ippine Isles, and was impelled by his adventurous spirit
into several perilous enterprises. In 1845 he made an
excursion to the Himalaya Mountains, ascended the
Nile to Nubia, and traversed Greece on foot. He re-
turned home in 1846. He served in the Mexican war in
1847. In May, 1850, he sailed as surgeon to the expedi-
tion which Lieutenant De Haven conducted in search of
Sir John Franklin. He published, in 1854, " The United
States Grinnell Expedition in Search of Sir John Frank-
lin." He commanded a second expedition sent out for
the same purpose, and sailed from New York in the
Advance in May, 1853. He failed to find any traces of
Franklin, returned home in October, 1855, and related
the adventures and sufferings of his party in his "Arctic
Explorations," (2 vols., 1856.) In this voyage he had
discovered the existence of an open Polar sea. He re-
ceived a gold medal from the Royal Geographical Society
of London. To recruit his failing health, he made a voy-
age to England in October, 1856, and passed thence to the
West Indies. He died at Havana in February, 1857.

See WILLIAM ELDER, "Biography of Elisha Kent Kane," 1858;
SCHMUCKER, " Life of Elisha Kent Kane;" " North British Review"
for February, 1857.

Kane, (Sir ROBERT,) M.D., a distinguished chemist,
born in Dublin in 1810. After filling professorships in
several scientific societies, he was appointed in 1849
president of Queen's College, Cork. He had previously
been knighted by the lord lieutenant. He wrote various
works on chemistry, pharmacy, etc. Died Feb. 16, 1890.

Kane, (THOMAS L.,) a general, brother of Dr. E. K.
Kane, was born in Philadelphia about 1822. He was sent
on an important mission to the Mormon insurgents of
Utah in 1858. He was wounded in a battle near Har-
risonburg, Virginia, in June, 1862. Died Dec. 26, 1883.

Kanitz, ka'nitz, (AUGUST,) a Hungarian botanist,
born at Lugos, April 25, 1843. He was educated at
Vienna, and in 1872 became professor of botany in the
University of Clausenburg, where his activity as a scien-
tific writer has been very remarkable.

Kanjatoo, Kaudjatou, or Kanjatu, kan-ja-too',
fifth Mongol sovereign of the dynasty of Jengis Khan,
began to reign over Persia A.D. 1291. A conspiracy

as k: 5 as s; g hard; g as ;'; G, H, K.,guttural; N. nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this,

Explanations, p. 23.;




having been formed against him by nis nobles, he was
killed in 1295.

Kanne, kan'neh, (JoHANN ARNOLD,) a learned and
eccentric German writer, born at Detmold in 1773,
studied philology and theology at Gb'ttingen. In 1818
he became professor of Oriental literature at Erlangen,
where he died in 1824. Among his various works we
may name "Anthology of Greek Epigrams," ("Florile-
gium Epigrammatum Graecorum,") "System of Indian
Myths," and " Biblical Researches."

Kaunegiesser, kan'neh-gees's?r, (GOTTLIEB HEIN-
RICH,) a German medical writer, born at Gotha iu 1712;
died at Kiel in 1792.

Kannegiesser, (KARL FRIEDRICH LUDWIG,) a Ger-
man scholar, born at Wendemark in 1781, is known for
his numerous and excellent translations into German.
Among these are the dramas of Beaumont and Fletcher,
Dante's " Divine Comedy," extracts from the writings
of Byron, Madame de Stael, Mickiewicz, and other cele-
brated authors. He also made translations from Horace,
Sappho, and Anacreon, and published poems and several
original dramas, among them two entitled "Mirza" and
"Dorothea." Died at Berlin, September 14, 1861.

Kansa. See KRISHNA.

Kant, (IMMANUEL,) one of the profoundest metaphy-
sicians that have ever lived, the founder of the Critical
(popularly called the Transcendental) school of philoso-
phy in Germany, was born at Konigsberg, April 26, 1724.
His father was a saddler, and is said to have been of
Scottish extraction. Both his parents are represented
as having been endued with a severe and inflexible vir-
tue ; and to the influence of their precept and example
must be ascribed, in no small measure, the pure moral
character and that profound respect for moral obliga-
tion which Kant exhibited through the whole of his
life. Having gone through a course at the gymnasium,
(the Collegium Fredericianum,) he entered in 1740 the
university of his native city. Here he commenced the
study of theology, but soon abandoned it for other pur-
suits, and devoted his attention to the natural sciences,
mathematics, and philosophy. On leaving the university
he maintained himself for several years as a private tutor.
During this period he published his first work," Thoughts
on the True Estimation of the Living Powers," (" Ge-
danken von der wahren Schatzung der lebendigen
Krafte.") About 1755 he began to give lectures on
logic, physics, metaphysics, and mathematics. In 1762
he was offered the professorship of poetry in the Uni-
versity of Konigsberg ; but he declined the position, on
the ground that he had not the proper qualifications.
He had already established his reputation as an original
and profound thinker, when at length, in 1770, he was
appointed to the chair of logic and metaphysics in the
University of Konigsberg. When he entered upon his
professorship, he delivered a discourse on the World of
the Senses and that of the Understanding, (" De Mundi
sensibilis et intelligibilis Forma et Principiis,") containing
the germs of the philosophical system which he after-
wards developed in his great work entitled " Critique
of Pure Reason," (" Kritik der reinen Vernunft,") first
published in 1781. He had previously, in his work on
"Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens,"
("Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Him-
mels," 1755,) in which he may be said to have anticipated
the discovery of the planet Uranus, given proof of his
sagacity in questions relating to physical science. Among
his various other works may be named " Observations
upon the Sentiment of the Beautiful and Sublime,"
(" Beobachtungen iiber das Gefuhl des Schb'nen und Er-
habenen," 1764,) "Critique of Practical Reason," ("Kritik
der praktischen Vernunft," 1790,) that is, reason con-
sidered in its application to our moral conduct, "Cri-
tique of the Faculty of Judging," ("Kritik der Urtheils-
kraft," 1793,) and his essay "On a Plan for an Everlasting
Peace," ("mm ewigen Frieden" ) (1795.) Kant died
February 12, 1804, having never, it is said, in the whole

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 48 of 425)