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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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vector, or line extending from a planet to the sun, de-
scribes or passes over equal areas in equal times ; 3, the
squares of the periodic times of planets are proportional
to the cubes of their mean distances from the sun.
"These laws constitute undoubtedly," says Sir John
Herschel, "the most important and beautiful system of
geometrical relations which have ever been discovered
bv a mere inductive process, independent of any con-
sfderation of a theoretical kind. They comprise within
them a compendium of the motions of all the planets,
and enable us to assign their places in their orbits at any
instant of time, past or to come." "This beautiful and
simple law," says Professor Playfair, in reference to the
third law, "had a value beyond what Kepler could pos-
sibly conceive ; yet a sort of scientific instinct instructed
him in its great importance. He has marked the year
and the day when it became known to him : it was on
the 8th of May, 1618." His third law was discovered
with infinite satisfaction in 1618, and announced in his
"Harmonice Muncli," (1619,) the title and contents of
which recall the ideas of Pythagoras on celestial har-
mony. Kepler imagines that in this music of the spheres
Saturn and Jupiter perform the bass, Mars the tenor,
and the Earth and Venus the hautc-contrt. He con-
sidered the sun to be the source of motion as well as of
light and heat. The treasury of the emperor was so
exhausted by war that Kepler could not obtain the pay-
ment of his salary, and often felt the pressure of poverty.
After the death of Rudolph, (1612,) he was appointed
professor of mathematics at Linz. His first wife having
died, he married Susanna Rettinger, about 1614. In
1620 he was visited by Sir Henry Wotton, an English
ambassador, who invited him to remove to England ;
but he declined. He expended the labour of several
years on his " Rudolphine Tables," which were published
in 1627 and were highly prized. Among his important
works is his "Dioptrica," (1611,) in which he describes
the astronomical telescope with two convex lenses. The
invention of this form of telescope is ascribed to him.
Kepler was so devoted to science, and had so little re-
gard for riches, except those of the mind, that he used
to say he would rather be the author of the works he
had written than possess the duchy of Saxony. He died



at Ratisbon in November, 1630, leaving four sons and
three daughters.

See DRINKWATER BKTHUNE, "Life of Kepler," in the "Library
of Useful Knowledge;" BREITSCHWERD. " Keplers Leben und Wir-



view" for June. 1835; "Atlantic Monthly" for April, 1860.

Kepler, (LUDWIG,) a German physician, son of the
preceding, was born at Prague in 1607. He practised
at Bale, Strasburg, and Konigsberg, and wrote several
works. Died in 1663.

Keplerus. See KEPLER, (JOHANN.)

Kep'pel, (AUGUSTUS,) an English admiral, son of
William, Earl of Albemarle, was born in 1725. In 1761,
as commander of a small squadron, he captured Belle-
Isle, and the following year was created rear-admiral of
the blue. In 1778 he became almiral. He was subse-
quently raised to the peerage, as Viscount Keppel, Baron
Elden, and was twice appointed first lord of the admi-
ralty. He was accused by Sir Hugh Palliser of neglect
of duty in an action against the French in July, 1778, and
was tried by a court-martial, by which he was honourably
acquitted. Died in 1786.

Keppel, (Lady CAROLINE,) the reputed author of the
popular song " Robin Adair," was born in Scotland about
1735. She was the daughter of the second Earl of Al-
bemarle, and married Robert Adair, an Irish surgeon,
in opposition to the wishes of her family.

Keppel, EARL OF ALBEMARLE. See ALBEMARLE.

Keppel, (GEORGE THOMAS,) an English officer, born
in 1799, was a son of the Earl of Albemarle. He was
elected to Parliament in 1832 and in 1847, and in 1851
succeeded to the earldom. He published a "Journey
across the Balkan." Died January 31, 1891.

Keppler. See KEPLER.

Kepp'ler, (JOSEPH FERDINAND,) a distinguished cari-
caturist, born in Vienna, (Austria,) February 2, 1838.
After working as a photographer, caricaturist, and suc-
cessful comedian, he came to the United States about
1869, and was a theatrical manager at Saint Louis. In
1873 he became connected with a weekly periodical in
New York, and in 1876 founded " Puck," a well-known
and successful comic paper. Died February 19, 1894.

Ker, ker or kar, (JOHN,) of Kersland, a Scottish
philologist, was professor of Hebrew at Edinburgh. He
was employed as a political agent by William III., and
published "Memoirs and Secret Negotiations," (3 vols.,
1726.) He was born in 1673, and died in 1726.

Ker, (JOHN,) an eminent bibliographer, born in London
in 1740, was the son of Robert, Duke of Roxburgh, whom
he succeeded in 1755 in the Scottish dukedom, and also in
the British peerage as Earl and Baron Ker of Wakefield.
He died in 1804. In the accumulation of his library,
which is said to have been the most valuable private
collection in Great Britain, he exhibited remarkable
industry and rare judgment The sale of these books
after his death produced \ great sensation in the lite-
rary world. One " II Decamerone di Boccaccio" wa
sold for .2250.

Ker, (ROBERT.) See CARR.

Ker Porter. See PORTER, (ROBERT KER.)

Keralio, de, d?h keh-rfle'o', (Louis FBLIX Guine
ment gen'moN',) a French officer and litterateur, born
in Brittany in 1731. He wrote, besides other works,
one upon the " General Principles of Tactics." Died in
1793.

Keratry, de, deh ka'rrtRe', (AUGUSTE HILARION,)
a French litterateur and statesman, born at Rennes in
1769. He was twice chosen a member of the Chamber
of Deputies, in 1818 and in 1827, and was made a peer in
1837. Among his principal works are " Moral and Physi-
ological Inductions," (1817,) and several romances and
poems. Died in 1859.

Keratry. de, (EMILE,) COUNT, a French author,
born at Paris in 1832. He served in the army 1854-
65, and subsequently was in public life for a few years.
He wrote " A bon Chat bon Rat," (1856,) " La Vie
de Club," (1862,) " ATravers le passe," (1887,) etc.

Kerckherdere, k^Rk'neVdeh-reh, (JAN GERAART.)
a Dutch philologist and theologian, bom near Maesrricht



i. e, i, o, u, y, long; A, e, o, same, less prolonged; a, e, t, o, u, y, short; a. e. j, o. obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon:



KERCKHOVE



1433



KESSEL



about 1678. He was professor at Louvain, and wrote
several works. Died in 1738.

Kerckhove, van den, vSn den keRk'ho'veh, JAN
POLYANUER,) a Protestant theologian, of Dutch extrac-
tion, born at Metz in 1568. In 1609 he was appointed
to the chair of theology in the University of Leyden, of
which he was subsequently chosen rector eight times.
Died in 1646.

Kerckhove, van den, written also Kerckchove,
(JOSEPH,) an able Flemish painter, born at Bruges in
1669. He painted sacred history. Died in 1724.

Kereem- (Kerim- or Kerym-) Khan, ker-eem' Kan,
became sovereign of Persia in 1750. He was an able
warrior, lawgiver, and statesman. Died about 1780.

Ker'foot, (JOHN BARRETT,) D.D., LL.D., a bishop,
born in Dublin, Ireland, March i, 1816. He came in
1819 to the United States, took orders in the Episcopal
Church, was assistant professor of Latin and Greek in
Saint Paul's College, on Long Island, from 1837 to 1842,
was rector of the College of Saint James, in Maryland,
from 1842 to 1864, and president of Trinity College, Hart-
ford, from 1864 to 1866. In 1866 he was consecrated
Bishop of Pittsburg. Died July 10, 1881.

Kergnelen-Tremarec, de, deh keVgi'16N' tRa'mi'-
rk', (IvES JOSEPH,) a celebrated French navigator, born
at Quimper, in Brittany, in 1745. Having previously
visited the North Sea, he set out in 1771 on a voyage to
the South Sea, and the following year discovered, in 49
south latitude, the island to which Captain Cook gave,
in 1776, the name of Kerguelen's Land. He published
a " Narrative of a Voyage to the North Sea and the
Shores of Iceland, Greenland," etc., (1771,) and "An
Account of Two Voyages in the South Sea and the
Indies," (1782.) Died in 1797.

Kerhallet, de, deh k& ri'li', (CHARLES PHILIPPE,)
a French hydrographer, born in Brittany in 1809. He
became a captain in the navy, and was employed many
years in surveying the coast of Africa. He published a
" Manual for the Navigation of the West Coast of Africa,"
(3 vols., 1853.) Died in Paris in 1863.

Keri, ka'ree, (FRANCIS BORGIA,) a historian and Jesuit,
born at Zemplin, in Hungary, wrote a " History of the
Empire of the East." Died in 1769.

Keri, (JOHN or JANOS,) a learned Hungarian bishop,
who wrote " Ferocia Martis Turcici," a history of the
different Turkish invasions of Hungary. Died in 1685.

Kerim-Khan. See KEREEM-KHAN.

Kern, keRn, (J. CONRAD,) a Swiss statesman ol the
Liberal party, was born at Berlingen in 1808. He be-
came president of the Federal Tribunal in 1850, and
President of the republic in 1875. Died in 1888.

Kern, k^Rn, (VINCENZ,) a skilful German surgeon,
born at Grat? in 1760. He became professor of surgery
in the University of Vienna, and is said to have intro-
duced important reforms in the practice of surgery. He
published several professional works. Died in 1829.

Ker'nahan, (CouLSON,) an English author, was
born at Ilfracombe in 1858, and educated at St. Al-
bans. Among his works are " A Dead Man's Diary,"
(1890,) "Book of Strange Sins," (1893,) "God and
the Ant," (1895,) " Captain Shannon," (1897,) etc.

Keruer, keR'ner, (ANDREAS JUSTINUS,) a German
lyric poet, born at Ludwigsburg in 1786. He published
in 1811 "Travelling Shadows, by the Magic-Lantern
Player," a work of great humour and originality, in 1817
"Romantic Poems," and in 1853 "The Last Bunch of
Blossoms." But his most famous work was " The Seeress
of Prevorst," (1829,) a biographical sketch of Frederike
Hauffe, who claimed to have communications with the
spirit-world. He died February 21, 1862.

Keroual, ker'roo-il', or Querouaille, ki'roo'SI' or
ka'roo'a"ye, (LouiSE PENHOET,) Duchess of Portsmouth,
a mistress of Charles II. of England, was born in France
about 1652. She went to England as maid of honour to
Henriette, the queen of Charles I., and received the title
of Duchess o r Portsmouth in 1673. She is said to have
used her influence to promote the designs of Louis XIV.
Died in 1734.

Kerr, ker or kar, (ROBERT,) a Scottish surgeon and
cientific writer, born about 1755, was a n. ember of the



Royal and Antiquarian Societies of Edinburgh. Among
his works are "The Animal Kingdom or Zoological
System of Linnafus," "The Natural History of Quad-
rupeds and Serpents," and a " History of Scotland during
the Reign of Robert Bruce." The first and second are
translations. Died in 1813.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen "
Kersalnt. See DURAS, DE, (CLAIRE LECHAT.)
Kersaint, de, deh keVsaN', (ARMAND GUI SIMON,)
COUNT, a French naval commander, born in Paris about
1741. After the commencement of the Revolution he
made his residence in Paris, where he became a member
of the Jacobin Club. He afterwards joined the Girondists,
and, as a member of the Convention, boldly opposed the
execution of the king and the extreme measures of the
Jacobins. He was proscribed and executed in Decem-
ber, 1793.

Kersenbrock, kf r'sen-bRok', (HERMANN,) a German
historian, born in the county of Lippe in 1526. His chief
work is a " History of the Anabaptists of Miinster," (in
Latin.) Died in 1585.

Ker'iey, (JoHN,) an English mathematician, lived in
the reign of Charles II., and wrote a work on Algebra,
(I673-)

Kersseboom, keRs'seh-bom', (WILLEM,) a Dutch
statistician, born in 1691, wrote a number of valuable
works on population, mortality, etc. Died in 1771.

See HEUSCHLING, "Notice sur la Vie de Kersseboora," 1857
" Nouvelle Biographic Generate. "

KervUIars, de, deh keR've'ytR', (JEAN MARIE,) a
French Jesuit, born at Vannes in 1668. He produced a
version of Ovid's Elegies, (1724.) Died in 1745.

Kervyn de Lettenhove, ker-vin' (or keVvaN') deh
let'ten-ho'veh, (JOSEPH MARIE BRUNO CONSTANTIN,) a
Belgian historian, born near Bruges in 1817. As a
legislator, he was long a distinguished supporter of the
Catholic party, and he was minister of the interior in
1870 and 1871. Among his numerous works are a
" History of Flanders," and a translation of Milton's
works. His writings are in French. Died in 1891.

Kesav Das, kes'av das, a Brahman author, who wrote
in Hindee. His writings include the " Rasikvriya," a
treatise on rhetoric, (written in 1592 A.D.,) the " Rama-
chandrika," (a religious poem, 1602,) the " Bhakta lilam-
rita," an exposition of Vaishnava doctrine, etc. His
works are much read in India.

Kesava, ka'sa-va, written also Cesava and Kesava,
[from the Sanscrit word kts& t "hair," probably cognate
with the Latin casaries, having the same signification,]
(i.e. "having beautiful hair,") an epithet of KRISHNA.
(which see ;) also, a surname of Booddha.

Kesh'ub Chun'der Sen, (BABOO,) written also
Babu Kesab Chandra Sen, an East Indian religious
leader, born in Bengal, December 19, 1838. He was
educated at Calcutta, partly under English influences.
Having rejected caste and idolatry, he joined the Brahma
Samaj founded by Rajah Rammohun Roy, of which he
became one of the leaders. In 1866, he, with the more
progressive members of the society, broke away from the
old Brahma Samaj, and formed "the Brahma Samaj of
India." Died at Calcutta, January 7, 1884.

Kessel, van, vjn keVsel, (FERDINAND,) a distin-
guished painter, born at Antwerp in 1660, was patronized
by John Sobieski, King of Poland, and William III. of
England. His death is variously dated in 1696 and about
1710.

See PILKINGTON, " Dictionary of Painters."

Kessel, kes'sel, or Kessels, van, vin kes'sels, (JAN,)
THE ELDER, a Dutch artist, born at Antwerp in 1626,
excelled in painting animals, fruits, and flowers. His
portraits and landscapes were also of superior merit.
He was the father of the preceding. Died about 1692.

Kessel, van, (JAN,) THE YOUNGER, the son, or, ac-
cording to some writers, the nephew, of the preceding,
was born at Antwerp about 1648. He was one of the
best portrait-painters of his time ; and some of his works
have been mistaken for those of Van Dyck. Having
visited Spain, he was appointed in 1686 court painter to
Charles II. His portraits of the two queens of Charles
and that of Philip V. of Spain are ranked among his
master-pieces. Died in 1708.



as k; 9 as s; g ha> d; g asy; c, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (JSP'See Explanations, p. 23.)



KESSEL



1434



KHADIJAH



Kessel, van, (NICOLAAS,) a painter, born at Antwerp
in 1684, was a nephew of Ferdinand, noticed above. He
adopted the style of David Teniers. Died in 1741.

Kessel, van, (THEODORUS,) a Flemish engraver, born
at Antwerp about 1620, engraved some works of Rubens,
and historical subjects after several Italian masters.

Kessels, kes'sels, (MATTHIAS,) one of the most dis-
tinguished Dutch sculptors of recent times, was born at
Maestricht in 1784. Among his best works are a colossal
scene from the Deluge, a " Madonna," a "Cupid sharp-
ening his Arrow," and a "Discobolus." Died at Rome
in 1836.

See FILIPPO GERARDI, " Vita di M. Kessell," 1837 ; NAGLER,
" Allgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon."

Kestner, kest'ner, (CHRISTIAN WILHELM,) a German
physician, born in Thuringia in 1694, published " Biblio-
theca Medica," (1746.) Died in 1747.

KSt nr Kett, (ROBERT,) a tanner, of Norfolk county,
England, was the chief leader in a rebellion which
occurred in 1549, during the protectorate of Somerset.
After several considerable successes, he was at length
defeated by Dudley, Earl of Warwick. Soon after he
was taken prisoner and hung at Norwich Castle. Ket's
rebellion or, as it is commonly called, the Norfolk re-
bellion was " remarkable," says Froude, " among other
things, for the order which was observed among the
people during seven weeks of lawlessness." (" History
of England," vol. v. chap, xxvi.)

Ket, (WILLIAM,) of Norfolk, an English rebel, brother
of the preceding, was one of the leaders of the insurgents
who took Norwich. He was hanged in 1549.

Ketboga or Ketbogha, kSt-bo'ga, a Mongolian by
birth, and Sultan of Egypt, was brought to that country
as a slave in A.D. 1288. He rapidly rose in rank, and
finally made himself the sovereign of Egypt in 1294. In
1296 he was driven from the country by his favourite
Lajeen, (Lajin or Ladjyn,) who succeeded him.

Ketch'um, (WILLIAM SCOTT,) an American officer
in the Union army, born at Norwalk, Connecticut, in
1813. He served in the Mexican war, and in 1862 was
made brigadier-general of volunteers. Died in 1871.

Ketel, ka'tel, (CORNELIS,) a Dutch painter, born at
Gouda in 1548. He commenced his studies in Paris ;
but, being a Protestant, he was soon driven from France
by Charles IX. About 1574 he went to England, where
he painted the portraits of Queen Elizabeth and of
several English noblemen. Died after 1602. Among
his pictures is " Force Conquered by Wisdom," which
he painted in England.

See PILKINGTON, " Dictionary of Painters. "

Ketelaer, ka'teh-lSR', (NICOLAAS,) one of the earliest
of Dutch printers, flourished at Utrecht about 1480.

K6tt, (HENRY,) a learned English divine and author,
born at Norwich in 1761, graduated at Oxford in '783.
He was drowned, while bathing, in 1825. Among his
works are " History the Interpreter of Prophecy," (3
vols., 1798-99,) "Elements of General Knowledge," (3
vols., 1802,) and " Flowers of Wit," (1814.)

Kett, (Roi:i-.KT.) S-r Ki r.

Ketteler, von, fon keYteh-ler, (\VII.HELM EMANUEL,)
a German bishop and baron, born'at Minister, December
25, iSn. He was made a Catholic priest in 1844, and
Bishop of Mentz in 1850. He became the leading ultra-
montane statesman of the German Reichstag, and pub-
lished many works bearing on the relationship of church
and state in Germany, and on kindred subjects. Died
July 13, 1877.

Kettlewell, ket'tel-wel, (JOHN,) an English nonjuring
divine, born in Yorkshire in 1653. He published in
1678 " Measures of Christian Obedience," which was
highly esteemed. He became rector of Coleshill about
1682, refused to take the oath of allegiance to William
III. in 1689, and was ejected. His "rare integrity" is
commended by Macaulay. Died in 1695.

See NELSON, " Life of Kettlewell," 1718.

Kettner, ket'ner, (FRIEDRICH ERNST,) a German
writer on history and theology, born at Stollberg in
1671 ; died in 1722.

Ketu, ka'too, or KStus, ka'toos, [perhaps etymologi-
cally related to the Greek K'/rof, a "sea-monster,"] a



monster of the Hindoo mythology; in astronomy, the
dragon's tail, or descending node. (See RAHU.)

Keuchen, kb'Ken, (ROBERT,) a poet and historical
writer, born at Geldeni, flourished about 1660.

Keulen, van, vfn ko'Ien or kuh'len, UANSZONS,) a
Dutch painter, born in 1580. He was employed in Eng-
land by Charles I., and afterwards fixed his residence at
the Hague. Died in 1665.

Keulen, van, (LunoLPH,) a Dutch mathematician,
born at Hildesheim. He wrote a treatise on the circle,
(" Van den Cirkel," 1596,) and "Geometrical Problems."
Died at Leyden in 1610.

Kelts, Le. See LE KEUX.

Kew, written also K'ew and Kieou, one of the names
given to Confucius.

See LECCE'S " Life and Teachings of Confucius," ch. v. p. 58.

Kexler, kjks'ler, (SiMON,) a Swedish scholar, born in
1602, wrote various mathematical works. Died in 1669.

Key. See CAIUS.

Key, (FRANCIS SCOTT,) an American jurist and poet,
born in Frederick county, Maryland, in 1779. Having
removed to Washington, he became district-attorney of
the District of Columbia. He was the author of the
popular national song of "The Star-Spangled Banner,"
and a number of other poems. Died in 1843.

Key, (THOMAS HEWITT,) an English philologist, born
near London in 1799. Having graduated at Cambridge,
he was invited in 1824 to fill the chair of mathematics in
the University of Virginia, then recently founded. After
his return he became, in 1828, professor of Latin in the
University of London. Among his principal works are
a "Latin Grammar," (1846,) and numerous valuable con-
tributions to the " Penny Cyclopaedia" and the "Journal
of Education." In 1874 he published "Language, iu
Origin and Development." Died November 29, 1875.

Key, ki, (WiLLEM,) a portrait-painter, born at Breda,
in the Netherlands, in 1520 ; died in 1568.

Keyes, keez, (ERASMUS D.,) an American general
born in Massachusetts about 1811, graduated at West
Point in 1832. He became a colonel in the regular army
in 1861, and commanded a brigade at Bull Run, July 21.
He commanded a corps at the battle of Fair Oaks, May
31, 1862, and at other battles in June of that year. He
published " Fifty Years' Observations of Men and
Events," (1884,) etc. Died in 1895.

Keying, ki'ing', or Ky-In, kl'in', a Chinese diplo-
matist, negotiated with the English the treaty of Nankin
in 1842, after which he was governor of Canton. He
favoured a friendly policy towards Europeans, and was
disgraced by Hien-Fung in 1850, but restored in 1852.

Keylhau, kil'how, (EBERHART,) a painter, known in
Italy under the name of MONSU BERNARDO, was born
at Helsingor, in Denmark, in 1624. After studying under
Rembrandt, he went to Rome, where he died in 1687.

Keyser, de, deh kl'zer, (NiCAiSE,) an eminent Belgian
painter, was born near Antwerp in 1813. In 1836 he
exhibited at Brussels his picture of "The Battle of the
Golden Spurs." Among his other most admired works
are "The Battle of Woeringen," "The Antiquary," and
a "Crucifixion." Died July 17, 1887.

Keyser, van, vin ki'zer, sometimes written De
Keyser, (HENDRIK,) a Dutch architect and sculptor,
born at Utrecht in 1565. In 1619 he completed the
monument of William I., Prince of Orange. Died in
1621.

Keyser, van, (THOMAS,) a skilful Dutch portrait-
painter, born about 1595 ; died in 1679.

Keyser ling, von, fon kl'zer-ling', (THIERRY,) a Prus-
sian general and littlratrur, born in Courland in 1698,
was a friend of Frederick the Great. Died in 1745.

See MAUPHRTUIS, "filoge de Keyserling.*'

Keysler, kis'ler, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German anti-
quary, born at Thurnau in 1683. He published "Travels
in Germany, Italy," etc., (2 vols., 1741,) and other works.
Died in 1743.

See HABERLIN, "Keysler's Leben," 1743.

Khadljah, Khadeejah, or Khadidja, Kl-dee'ji, Jin
German, CHADIDSCHA,] written also Chadijah, a rich
widow of Mecca, who married Mohammed the prophet.
At the time of their marriage she was about forty years



. e, I, o, u, y. Ions;; a. e. 6. same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, ]?, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; n6t; good; moon



KHADYJAH



1435



KHOSROO



ot age, while he was only twenty-five. She bore him eight K'natchig (Kl'chig) L was elected Patriarch of Ar-
children, all of whom died young except Fatimah, who meuia in 972. He founded numerous monasteries, and



became the wife of his cousin and favourite, Alee, (AH,
the son of Aboo-Talib. (See MOHAMMED.)
Khadyjah. See KHADIJAH.



encouraged literature and the fine arts. Died in 992.

Khatchig U., sometimes written Khatchadoor, be-
came Patriarch of Armenia in 1058. He was imprisoned



Khaisaiig, k'hi'sang', surnamcd Woo-TSOONG, (the , at Constantinople by Constantine Ducas, who afterwards
" Honourable Warrior,") called by the Tartars Kaishan- banished him to Cappadocia. Died in 1064.
Kulluk-Khdii, ki'shan' kool'look Kin, a sovereign of Khell, Kdl, (JOSEPH VON KHELLBURG,) a German
the Mongolian dynasty, succeeded to the imperial throne numismatist, born at Linz in 1714, published several



of China A.D. 1308, at the age of twenty-nine. He was
distinguished for his abilities as a commander, and for
his patronage of men of letters. Died A.D. 1311.

Khalaf, Ka-l5f, ascended the throne of Seistan, in
Eastern Persia, about A.D. 963. He was a bold and skil-



Died in 1772.

(IVAN IVANOVITCH.)



See CIIEM-



works in Vienna.
Khemnitzer,

NITZER.

Kheraskof or Kheraskov, KeVis-koP, [written, in
German, CHERASKOW,] (MiCHAKL MATVIEVITCH,) a



ful warrior and an able diplomatist, but was treacherous, distinguished Russian poet, born in 1733. Among his
cruel, and tyrannical. After a reign of forty years, he i principal works may be mentioned " Rossiada," (1785,)
was conquered by the emperor Mahmood of Ghazna, i an epic on the event of the Russians liberating them-
who imprisoned him till his death, A.D. 1008. (selves from their Tartar oppressors. Died in 1807.

Khaled or Chaled, Ka'led, written also Caled, a Khevenhiiller, Ka'ven-hfil'ler, (FRANZ CHRISTOPH,



celebrated Arabian general, born in 582 A.D. In the


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 53 of 425)