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in his latter years he was greatly afflicted by the assas-
sination of Murray (1 570) and the confusion and disorders
which followed that event. He died in November, 1572.
Among the Reformers of that age, Knox was distin-
guished for his courage and sagacity, as well as for his
earnestness and the inflexible austerity of his principles.
The regent Morton, in a short funeral oration, said of
him, " Here lies he who never feared the face of man."

Of Knox, Froude remarks that he was "perhaps in
that extraordinary age its most extraordinary man, and
whose character became the mould in which the later
fortunes of his country were cast." (" History of Eng-
land," vol. iv. chap, xviii.) In another place he says,
" No grander figure can be found in the entire history of



the Reformation in this island than that of Knox. . . .
The one man without whom Scotland, as the modern
world has known it, would have had no existence. . . .
His was the voice which taught the peasant of the
Lothians that he was a free man, the equal in the sight of
God with the proudest peer or prelate that had trampled
on his forefathers. He was the one antagonist whom
Mary Stuart could not soften nor Maitland deceive ; he
it was that raised the poor commons of his country into
a stern and rugged people, who might be hard, narrow,
superstitious, and fanatical, but who nevertheless were
men whom neither king, noble, nor priest could force
again to submit to tyranny." (See " History of England,"
vol. x. chap, xxiii. pp. 452-456 ft iff.)

See McCfiia, "Life of John Knox," 2 vols., 1812; BURTON,
" History of Scotland," more particularly chap, xxxviii. ; ROBERT-
SON, " History of Scotland :" FROUDB, " History of England." vols.
v., vii., ix., x. ; NIHMHYKR, " Leben des J. Knox und der beiden
Marien," 1824; " Encyclopaedia Britannica;" "Westminster Re-
view" for July, 1853; CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Emi-
nen Scotsmen ;" " Edinburgh Review" for fnly, 1812, April, 1852,
nd July, 1853.

Knox, noks, (JOHN,) an English benefactor, born
about 1720. was a bookseller of London. He acquired a
fortune by business, and spent much time and money in
plans to improve the condition of the poor in the High-
lands of Scotland, which he visited sixteen times. He
wrote a " Systematic View of Scotland." Died in 1790.

Knox, (JOHN,) a native of Edinburgh, and captain
in the English navy, wrote a historical account of the
campaigns, naval battles, etc. in America during the
years 1757, 1759, and 1760. Died in 1790.

Knox, (LoREN LAERTES,) D.D., an American clergy-
man, born at Nelson, New York, January 8, 1811. He
graduated at Wesleyan University in 1838, entered the
Methodist ministry in 1840, and held various college
professorships, chiefly in the Western States. He pub-
lished "Money Matters Explained to the Young," (1852,)
"Evangelical Rationalism," (1879,) etc.

Knox, (ROBERT,) of the British East India naval
service, was born about 1640. In 1660 he was wrecked
on the island of Ceylon, where he remained a captive
twenty years. After his escape he published a " His-
torical Relation of the Island of Ceylon," (1681.) Died
about 1700.

Knox, (THOMAS FRANCIS,) D.D., a British divine,
born in December, 1822. He was educated at Cam-
bridge. In 1845 he went over to the Catholic Church,
and in 1849 accompanied F. W. Faber to London to
found the London Oratory, where he remained until his
death. One of his works, " When does the Church speak
infallibly ?" attracted much notice, and was translated
into German and Italian. Died March 20, 1882.

Knox, (THOMAS WALLACE,) an American author,
born at Pembroke, New Hampshire, June 26, 1835. He
became a teacher, and was afterwards a journalist of
Denver, Colorado ; served in the war of 1861-65, attain-
ing the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and acting also as
correspondent of the New York " Herald ;" travelled
across Asia and Europe, :/,; Alaska and Siberia, in 1866,
in the interest of a telegraph enterprise, and again trav-
ersed the tropical regions of the Old World in 1877.
His principal books are " Camp-Fire and Cotton-Field,"
(1865,) "Overland through Asia," (1870,) " Back-
sheesh," (1875,) "The Boy Travellers," ($ vols.,
1880-84,) "Darkness and Daylight," (1892,) "In
Wild Africa," (1895,) etc. Died January 6, 1896.

Knox, (ViCESiMUS,) D.D., a celebrated English cler-
gyman and author, born .it Newington Green, in the
county of Middlesex, in 1752. The title of D.D. was
conferred upon him by the University of Pennsylvania.
Of his numerous works may be mentioned " Essays,
Moral and Literary," (1777,) "Personal Nobility, or
Letters to a Young Nobleman," "Christian Philoso-
phy," (1795,) "On the National Importance of Classical
Education," and "Considerations on the Nature and
Efficacy of the Lord's Supper." As a preacher he was
very popular. He obtained the united rectories of Rum-
well and Ramsden Crays in Essex, and was master of
Tunbridge School, which he conducted for many years.
Died in 1821.

Knox, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish poet, born about 1788.



a, e, i, 6, u, y, long: a. e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, j?, short: a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; ni8t; n&t; good; moon;



KNOX-LITTLE



1451



KOEBERGEK.



Among his poems are " The Lonely Hearth," and " Ma-
riamne." Died in 1825.

Kuox-Little, (WILLIAM JoHN,)a British preacher,
born in the North of Ireland about 1830. He graduated
at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1862. In 1881 he was
made a canon of Worcester. He is a popular pulpit
orator and a High Churchman, and has published "Ser-
mons" and several devotional and religious books.

Knud. See CANUTE.

Knupfer, knoop'fer, (NlKOLAUS,) a German paintei
of battles and mythological subjects, born at Leipsic in
1603 ; died in 1660.

Kmit See CANUTE.

Kuutzen, Knuzen, or Cniitzeu, knSot'sen, (MAT-
THIAS,) an atheist or skeptic, was born in Holstein, and
educated at Konigsberg. He made numerous proselytes,
who, from his doctrine that reason and conscience were
sufficient to guide all men, have been called Conscien-
tiarians. Died after 1674.

Knuzen. See KNUTZEN.

Knyphausen, knip'how'zen, (BARON,) a German
general, born in Alsace about 1730. He obtained in 1776
command of an army of Hessians who were hired by
the British ministry to fight against the Americans. He
took part in the battle of Brandy wine, September, 1777,
and in other actions of the Revolutionary war. Died in
Berlin in 1789.

Kobad. See CABADES.

Kobell, ko'bJl, (FERDINAND,) an able German land-
scape-painter and engraver, born at Mannheim in 1740.
He worked for some years at Munich, where he died in
1799. His etchings are highly prized.

Kobell, (FRANZ,) a German landscape-painter, brother
of the preceding, was born at Mannheim in 1749. He also
executed with his pen a large number of pictures, which
have been greatly admired. Died in 1822.

Kobell, (FRANZ,) a German poet and mineralogist,
a grandson of Ferdinand, noticed above, was born at
Munich in 1803. He published several good works on
mineralogy, and popular poems. Died November n,
1882.

Kobell, ko'bSl, (HENDRIK,) a Dutch painter, born at
Rotterdam in 1751. He painted landscapes, marine
pieces, and naval battles with success. Died in 1782.

Kobell, (JAN,) a skilful painter of landscapes and
animals, born at Utrecht in 1782, was a son of the pre-
ceding. Died in 1814.

Kobell, (WILHELM,) an eminent German painter
of landscapes and battles, born at Mannheim in 1766,
was a son of Ferdinand, noticed above. He worked at
Munich. Died in 1853.

Kobenzl. See COBENZL.

Koch, koK, (CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) an eminent
Prussian jurist, born at Mohrin, February 9, 1798. He
was bred a shoemaker, but studied law in Berlin. He
wrote numerous and valuable legal works, and is justly
regarded as one of the reformers of German legal
administration, and one of the founders of the new
Prussian legal system. Died January 21, 1872.

Koch, (ROBERT,) a celebrated German physician, was
born at Clausthal, December, n, 1843, and educated at
Gbttingen. He discovered in 1882 the bacillus of
tuberculosis, and in 1883 led the cholera-expedition
to Egypt and India, and discovered the cholera
bacillus. In 1890 he discovered the phthisis bacillus
and developed a system of lymph inoculation. He
was professor at Berlin in 1885, director of the insti-
tute for infectious diseases in 1891, and in 1896 went
to South Africa to study the cattle-plague raging there.

Koch, von, fon koK, (CHRISTOPH WILHELM,) a
French Protestant and historical writer, of German
parentage, was born at Bouxviller, in Alsace, in 1737.
He studied at Strasburg under Schbpflin, and gained dis-
tinction as a lecturer on history, public law, etc, in that
city. In 1791 he represented Bas-Rhin in the Legisla-
tive Assembly. He was imprisoned during the reign of
terror, and became a member of the Tribunate in 1802.
Among his important works are "Tableau des Revolu-
tions de 1'Europe depuis le Bouleversement de 1'Empire
Romain," (1771,) and an "Abridged History of the



Treaties between the European Powers since the Peace
of Westphalia," (4 vols., 1796.) Died in 1813.

See SCHWEIGHAUSER, " Notice biographique de Koch."

Koch, (JEAN BAPTISTE FREDERIC,) a general, nephew
of the preceding, was born at Nancy in 1782. He wrote
" Memoirs towards the History of the Campaign of 1814,"
(3 vols., 1819,) and aided Jomini in his " History of the
Wars of the Revolution," (5 vols., 1819-24.) Died in 1861.

Koch, (JOSEPH ANTON,) an eminent landscape and
historical painter, born in the valley of Lech, near Augs-
burg, in 1768. He studied in Rome, where he fixed his
residence. Among his best pieces are the " Sacrifice of
Noah," " Francesca da Rimini," and the frescos from
I Dante in the villa Massimi. He also etched twenty
plates of Italian landscapes, which are esteemed master-
pieces. Died at Rome in 1839.

See NAGLER, " Allgemeines Kunstler-Lexikon."

Koch, (KARL HEINRICH EMANUEL,) a German natu-
ralist, born at Weimar in 1809. He travelled in Southern
Russia, Turkey, and the Caucasus, and published, after
his return, his " Journey through Russia to the Caucasian
Isthmus," (2 vols., 1842,) "Wanderings in the East," (3
vols., 1846,) and a "Flora oi the Levant," (" Beitrage zu
einer Flora des Orientes," 1848-54.) Died May 25, 1879.

Koch, (WILHELM DANIEL JOSEPH,) a German phy-
sician and botanist, born near Deux-Ponts in 1771, be-
came, in 1 824, professor of botany and medicine at Erlan-
gen. He published a treatise "On European Willows,"
(" De Salicibus Europjeis," 1818,) " Synopsis of the Flora
of Germany and Switzerland," (1835-37,) and other works
on botany. Died in 1849.

Koch-Sternfeld, koK stSRn'fSlt, (JOSEPH ERNST,)



on Civilization in the Alps," (1852.) Died in 1866.

Kochanowski, ko'Ka-nov'skee, (JOHN,) a Polish
nobleman and celebrated poet, born in 1532. For his
translations of the Psalms into Polish verse he received
the title of "the Pindar of Poland." His other poems
were published at Warsaw, (1803-05.) Died in 1584.

See BBNTKOWSKI, "History of Polish Literature."

Kochly or Koechly, koK'lee, (HERMANN AUGUST
THEODOR,) a German philologist, born at Leipsic in
1815. He wrote, among other works, a valuable "History
of the Art of War among the Greeks." Died in 1876.

Kock, (MATTHEW.) See COCK.

Kock, de, d?h kok, (CHARLES PAUL,) a French ro-
mance-writer and dramatist, of Dutch extraction, born
at Passy, near Paris, in 1794. His works, though pos
sessing little merit as literary productions, and ranking
among the most immoral of French novels, enjoy great
popularity both in France and other countries of Europe.
Some French critics consider him an excellent painter
of French manners, of Parisian roguery, rustic bonhomie,
and the absurdity of the bourgeois. Died in 1871.

See QuiRARD, "La France Litte"raire:" " Nouvelle Biographic
Ge"ne"rale :" " Edinburgh Review" for January. 1837 ; " Foreign
Quarterly Review" for February, 1830, and October, 1839 ; " North
American Review" for April, 1843.

Kock, de, deh kok, (PAUL HENRI,) a French author,
a son of Charles Paul de Kock. He was born in Paris
in 1819. He wrote a vast number of novels and romances,
and a number of plays. His style and his subjects much
resemble those of his father. Died in 1892.

Kodde, van der, vSn der kod'deh, (JAN, ADRIAAN,
and GYSBERT,) three brothers, who lived at Warmond,
near Leyden, and founded a religious society, called Col-
legiants, about 1620.

Kodhaee or Kodhai, Al, al ko-dha'ee, (Abdallah
Ibn-Abi-Bekr-Ibnul-Abbar, ab-dil'lah ib'n J'bee
bek'r ib-nool' ab-biR',) often called simply Ibnul- (or
Ibnool-) Abbar, a celebrated Spanish Arabian author
born at Valencia, in Spain, in the thirteenth century.
His style is elegant, pure, and terse. Among his writings
are two biographical works on the Arabian poets and
authors.

Kodros or Kodrus. See CODRUS.

Koeberger, koo'bSRG-er, (VENCESLAUS,) a Flemish
painter and architect, born in Antwerp about 1550. He



; cas s; ghard; gas ;"; G, H. ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th asm this.



lanations, p. 23.)



KOECHLIN



KOLETTIS



studied in his native city, and afterwards at Rome, where
he greatly distinguished himself. Among his paintings
are the "Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian," and "Christ
taken from the Cross and supported by Angels." Died
in 1634, or, according to some authorities, in 1610.
See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peiotres Flamands," etc,

Koechlin, k?MaN', (DANIEL,) a French chemist and
manufacturer of cotton, born at Mulhouse about 1785.
was one of the firm of Nicolas Koechlin freres. He
greatly promoted the prosperity of Mulhouse by the
invention of a process of adorning printed muslins with
rich designs and brilliant colours. Died April 18, 1871.

Koeclilin, (NICOLAS,) a brother of the preceding, was
born at Mulhouse in 1781. He was a manufacturer of
fine muslins (indiennes) at Mulhouse, and a liberal mem-
ber of the Chamber of Deputies. Died in 1852.

Koechly. See KOCHLY.

Koeck, kook, (PlETER,) a Flemish painter, engravei,
and architect, was born at Alost about 1500. He studied
in Italy, and afterwards visited Turkey. Among his
works are seven large and well-executed paintings to
illustrate the manners of the Turks. He also made
engravings of these pictures. Koeck was first painter
to Charles V. Died in 1553.

See PILKINGTON, " Dictionary of Painters."

Koegler. See KOGLER.

Koehler. See KOHLER.

Koekkoek, kook'kook, (BERNARD CORNELIS, ) a
Dutch landscape-painter, born at Middelburg in 1803,
published in 1841 "Recollections and Communications
of a Landscape-Painter." His works are commended
for fidelity to nature and other merits. Died in 1862.

See NAGLKR, "Allgemeines KUnstler-Lexikon."

Koelcsey, (FRANCIS.) See KOLCSEY.

Koeler. See KOHLER.

Koelliker. See KOLLIKER.

Koelreuter. See KOLREUTER.

Koenig. See KONIG.

Koenigshoven. See KONIGSHOVRN.

Koenigsmarck. See KONIGSMARCK.

Koeppen. See KOPPEN.

Koepstein. See CAPITO, (WOLFGANG.)

Koerner. See KORNER.

Koerte. See KORTE.

Koerten-Block. See BLOCK.

Koes, (F.) See Kos.

Koestliu. See KOSTLIN.

Koeta, koots, (ROELOF,) a Dutch portrait-painter,
born at Zwolle in 1655. Among his works are the por-
traits of William III. of England, and of several distin-
guished Flemings, Germans, and Englishmen. Died in
1725.

See DBSCAMPS, "Vies des Peinrres Flamands," etc.

Kofod, ko'fod, (JOHAN ANCHER,) a Danish writei,
born near Bornholm in 1777, published several histories
and a "Conversations- Lexicon," (28 vols., 1816-28.)
Died in 1829.

See ERSLEW, " Forfatter- Lexicon."

Kpgler or Koegler, koc'ler, (!GNAZ,) a learnea
Jesuit, born in Bavaria in 1680. In 1715 he was sent as
a missionary to China, where he received many marks
of distinction from the emperor Kang-Hee, (Kang-Hi.)
He died in Pekin in 1746.

Kohen Attar, ko'hen at-t$R', written also Cohen
Atthar and Kuban Atthar, a learned Egyptian phy
sician, lived about 1150, and wrote on matena medica.

Kohl, kol, (JoHANN GEORG,) a German traveller and
popular writer, was born at Bremen in 1808. Among his
principal works are "Travels in the Interior of Russia
and Poland," (1841.) "Travels in Styriaand the Bavarian
Highlands," (1842,) "Travels in England, Scotland, and
Ireland," (1844,) and "Travels in the Netherlands,"
(1850.) He also wrote "Sketches from Nature and
Common Life," (2 vols., 1851.) His fine descriptive
powers and attractive style entitle him to rank among
the best writers of travels in recent times. Died in 1878

See " Foreign Quarterly Review" for October, 1841, and January,
1842: " Blackwood's Magazine" for December, 1846.

Kohler or Koehler, ko'ler, (JOHANN BERNHARD,)
a German scholar, bom at Lubeck iw 1742. In 1781 he
was appointed to the chair of the Greek and Oriental



languages in the University of Konigsberg. He wrote
"Remarks on Dion Chrysostom," "Tracts on Roman
Law," and several ether works. Died in 1802.

Kohler, Koehler, or Koeler, (JOHANN DAVID,) a
German author and antiquary, born near Leipsic in
1684. In 1710 he was appointed professor of logic at
Altorf, and about 1725 was chosen professor of history
at Gbttingen. His numerous works relate to history,
bibliography, and literature. Died in 1755.

SeeJ. M. GKSNER, "Memoria Koehleri," 1755; GATTERHR und
J. B. K8HLKR, "J. D. Kohlers Leben," in the last volume of hit
'Miinzbelustigungen," 22 vols., 1729-55.

Kohler or Koehler, QOHANN TOBIAS,) a German
numismatist, born at Altorf in 1720, was a son of the
preceding. He published a "Cabinet of Ducats,"
("Ducaten-Cabinet," 2 vols., 1758-60.) Died in 1768.

Kohlrausch, kol'rowsh, ( HEINRICH FRIEDRICH
THEODOR,) born near Gb'ttingen in 1780, published a
"History of Germany." Died in Hanover, January 31
1867.

Kohne, ko'neh, (FREDERICK,) born in Prussia in
1757, emigrated to America in 1780, and made a large
fortune at Charleston, South Carolina, He died in 1829,
leaving a great part of his property to the charitable
institutions of Pennsylvania and South Carolina, for the
benefit of the coloured as well as the white population.

Kolb. See KOLBE, (PETER.)

Kolb, (GEORG FRIEDRICH,) a German editor and
politician, born at Spires, September 14, 1808. After
his banishment (1853-60) he edited the "Frankfurter
Zeitung." He published a " Hand-Book of Compara-
tive Statistics" (1858) and "The Basis of Statistics,"
(1862.) Died in 1884.

Kolbe, kol'beh, (ADOLF WILHELM HERMANN,) a
German chemist, born near Gb'ttingen in 1818. He was
a pupil of Wohler, Liebig, and Bunsen, and held pro-
fessorships of chemistry at Marburg and Leipsic. He
published a valued treatise on organic chemistry, in which
branch of the science he made important discoveries.
Died in 1884.

Kolbe, kol'beh, (KARL WILHELM,) a skilful German
engraver and writer, born at Berlin in 1757. He etched
numerous landscapes after his own designs, and wrote,
among other works, a treatise " On the Riches of the
German and French Languages, and the Capacity of
both for Poetry," (1806.) Died in 1835.

See his Autobiography, " Mein Lebenslauf und mein Wirken,"
1825; NAGLHR, "Allgemeines Kiinsller-Lejcikon."

Kolbe, (KARL WILHELM,) a German painter, nephew
of the preceding, born at Berlin in 1781 ; died in 1853.

Kolbe, written also Kolb, kolp, or Kolben, kol'b?n,
(PETER,) a naturalist, born at Wunsiedel, in Bavaria,
in 1675. He passed some years in Southern Africa,
and wrote, among other works, "A Description of the
Cape of Good Hope," (1719.) His book, containing
much valuable information, was translated into the
French, Dutch, and English languages. Died in 1726.

See G. C. OERTXL, " Dissertatio de Vita et Mentis P. Kolbii,"
,758.

Kolben. See KOLBE, (PETER.)

Kblcsey, kol'cha, (FRANCIS,) one of the greatest of
Hungarian orators, celebrated also as a poet, critic, and
lawyer, was born in Middle Szolnok in 1790. At an
early age he formed a friendship with Kazinczy and Paul
Szemere, and in 1826 was associated with the latter as
editor of a journal entitled " Life and Literature." He
published in this periodical a number of critical essays,
regarded as the best in the Hungarian language, the
object of which was the improvement of the national
literature of Hungary. He was a deputy to the Diet
of 1832-36, where he was distinguished for his rare elo-
quence and his unswerving course in the support of
liberal principles. Died in 1838. His complete works,
consisting of poems, tales, essays, and philosophical and
miscellaneous writings, were published the same year.

See an article on the " Language and Literature of the Magyars,"
in the " Foreign Quarterly Review" for September, 1828.

Koler. See K6HLER.

Ko-let'tifl or Co-let'tis, (JOANNIS,) a modern Greek
statesman and democrat, born near Janina in 1788, was
one of the most active promoters of the insurrection of



a, e, T, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, J, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fSr, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon:



KOLLAR



M53



KON1GSMARCK



t82i. On the accession of King Otho he was appointed
minister of the interior and president of the cabinet
He became in 1844 minister of foreign affairs, which post
he held until his death, in 1847.

See L. DH LOMBNIS, "M. Colettis, par un Homme de Rien,"

Kollar, kol'laR, (JAN,) a distinguished ecclesiastic,
poet, and antiquary, born in Northern Hungary in 1793.
He endeavoured by his writings to establish a common
language and feeling of nationality between the various
Slavonic races in Europe. This spirit pervades all his
poetry, for which he used the Bohemian language, re-
garding his native Slovakian as deficient in dignity and
comprehensiveness. After the revolt of the Hungarians,
to whom he was bitterly opposed, he removed to Vienna,
where he became professor of archaeology. Died in 1852.
His principal poem is entitled " Slawy Dcera," (" Daugh-
ter of Glory," 1824.) Among his prose works are "Treat-
ises on the Names and Antiquities of the Slavonic
Nation," and " On the Literary Reciprocity between the
Races and Dialects of the Slavonic Tribes," (1831.)

See DR. J. BOWRING, "Servian Poetry;" "Foreign Quarterly
Review" for April, 1828.

Kolli, kol'lee, de, (BARON,) a political adventurer,
born in Piedmont about 1775. He made an attempt in
1810 to release from prison the Spanish prince, (after-
wards Ferdinand VII.,) but, his plan having been be-
trayed, he was imprisoned four years in the castle of
Saumur. Died about 1825.

See "Memoirs of Baron de Kolli," by himself; "Edinburgh
Review" for October, 1823.

KSlliker or Koelliker, kol'le-ker, (ALBERT,) a Ger-
man physiologist of high reputation, born about 1818.
He gained distinction by his minute investigations with
the microscope. Among other works, he published
" Manual of Human Histology," (" Handbuch der Gewe-
belehre des Menschen," 1852,) which has been translated
into English by Busk and Huxley. He became professor
of anatomy and physiology at Wurzburg.

Kollrnann, kol'man, (AUGUST FRIEDRICH KARL,) a
German composer, born near Hanover in 1756. He was
an organist in London, and wrote a "Theory of Musical
Harmony," (1806.) Died in 1824.

Kollontaj or Kolontaj, kol'lon-ti', (Huoo,) written
also Kollontay, a Polish patriot, born in the government
of Sandomir in 1750. He had the principal share in
drawing up the constitution of the 3d of May, 1791, but,
after the meeting of the confederation of Targowitza, was
forced to leave the country. He was afterwards impris-
oned for a time at Olmiitz by the Austrians. He was the
author of several able political treatises. Died in 1812.

Kolmar. See COLMAR.

K61n. See C$LN.

Kol-o-ko-tro'nis or Colocotronia, (THEODORE,)
a modern Greek patriot, born in Messenia in 1770. He
distinguished himself in many engagements with the
Turks, and rose to be commander-in-chief of the Pelo-
ponnesus in 1823. In 1835 he was made a councillor
of state by King Otho, and obtained other distinctions.
Died in 1843.

See QUINET, " La Grece moderne dans ses Rapports avec 1'An-
tiquite 1 ."

Kolowrat or Kolowrat-Liebsteinski, ko'lo-rat 7
leep-stln'skee, (FRANZ ANTON,) a Bohemian minister of
state, bora at Prague in 1778. He became a member
of the council of ministers at Vienna in 1825, and long
had charge of the department of finances. Died in 1861.

Kolowrat, ko'lo-raf, or Kollowrath, kol'lo-rat,
(LEOPOLD KRAKOWSKI,) a statesman of Austria under
the reigns of Francis L, Maria Theresa, Joseph IL
Leopold II., and Francis II. He held the offices of
minister of the interior and grand chancellor of Bohemia,
Died in 1809.

Kolreuter or Koelreuter, kol'roi'ter, (JOSEPH
GOTTLIEB,) a German botanist, bora at julz, on the


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 59 of 425)