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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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seems to be the very perfection of didactic language.
Short, clear, precise, pithy, his language never has more
than one meaning, which never requires a second
fhought to find. . . . His little tract on 'Human Na-

as k; 5 as s; g &jn/,- g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, ara/; R, trilled; s as z; th as in //Sw.

xplanations, p. 23.)




ture' has scarcely an ambiguous or a needless word. . . .
Perhaps no writer of any age or nation, on subjects so
abstruse, has manifested an equal power of engraving
his thoughts on the mind of his readers. . . . His style so
stimulates attention that it never tires, and, to those who
are acquainted with the subject, appears to have as much
spirit as can be safely blended with reason." Died 1679.
Hobbs, (ALFRED CHARLES,) an American lock
expert, born at Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1812.
He entered the lock and safe business, invented an
unpickable lock, and became such an expert that he
could open the best safe-locks in a remarkably brief
time. His most famous exploit was in London, with
a Brahma lock, for which an offer of two hundred
guineas was made to any one who could open it
without a key. Hobbs did so in fifty-one hours. He
opened another combination-lock in a few minutes with
his back to the door. His own lock resisted the efforts
of pickers. He died November 6, 1891.

Hob'hpuse, (Sir BENJAMIN,) M.P., an English states-
man, born in 1757, was a prominent member of the House
of Commons from 1797 to 1818, held several civil offices,
and was attached to the party of Fox. He wrote a
" Treatise on Heresy," and " Remarks on France and
Italy." Died in 1831.

Hobhouae, (JOHN CAM,) Lord Broughton, an Eng-
lish statesman and writer, bom in 1786, was a son of the
preceding. He became intimate at college with Lord
Byron, in company with whom he visited Spain, Greece,
and Turkey in 1809. He published in 1812 " A Journey
through Albania, and other Provinces of Turkey, with
Lord Byron," which was long the best account of that
country, and, in 1816, " Letters on the Hundred Days, or
Last Reign of Napoleon," (in 2 vols.) He was elected to
Parliament by the Radicals or Liberals of Westminster
in 1819, and obtained success as a speaker. In 1831
he became secretary of war in the Whig ministry. He
was appointed secretary of state for Ireland in 1833, and
was president of the board of control from 1846 to 1851.
Died in June, 1869.

Hob'son, (JOHN ATKINSON,) an English reform
writer, was born at Derby, July 6, 1858. He was a
University Extension lecturer from 1887 to 1897, and
published "The Physiology of Industry," (1889,)
" Problems of Poverty," (1891,) "The Evolution of
Modern Capitalism," (1894,) "The Problem of the
Unemployed," (1896,) "John Ruskin, Social Re-
former," (1898,) etc.

Hob'son, (RICHARD PEARSON,) an American
naval engineer, was born at Greensboro, Alabama,
August 17, 1870. He graduated at the Naval Academy
in 1889, became a naval constructor, and was on the
cruiser New York during the blockade of Santiago,
where he sunk the collier Merrimac in the harbour
channel to prevent the escape of the Spanish fleet.
He was taken prisoner, but was soon exchanged. He
subsequently attempted to raise the wrecked Spanish
ships, and succeeded with the Maria Teresa.

Hoc'cleve or Oc'cleve, (THOMAS,) an early English
poet and lawyer, is supposed to have been born about
1370. He wrote "The Story of Jonathan," and other
poems. " His poetry," says Hallam, " abounds with
pedantry, and is destitute of all grace and spirit"

Hoche, ^6sh or /;osh, (LAZARE,) a French general, who
rose from a very humble rank in society, was born at
Montreuil, near Paris, in 1768, and entered the French
guards at the age of sixteen. He favoured the Revolu-
tion of 1789, and was made a lieutenant in 1792. Hav-
ing studied tactics, and served with credit at Thionville,
Dunkirk, etc., he became in a short time successively
general of brigade and general of division, and at the
age of twenty-four commanded the army of the Moselle.
In 1793 he defeated Wurmser and drove him out of Al-
sace, soon after which he was arrested by the Jacobin
leader Saint-Just an<f imprisoned at Paris. The fall of
Robespierre in 1794 restored him to liberty and com-
mand. Employed tc subdue the royalists of La Vendee,
he effected much by his address and moderation, and in
1795 defeated the enemy at Quiberon. In 1797, com-

I manding the army of the Sambre and Meuse, he opened
the campaign against the Austrians by a daring passage
of the Rhine in their presence, and defeated them in
, several actions. In the contest between the Director}
ind the Legislative Councils, Hoche favoured the former,
who invoked the aid of his army, but soon issued counter-
oiders and employed another in the service. He died,
of poison, (as was suspected,) in 1797. He was one of
the noblest spirits and ablest generals that the Revo-
lution produced, and, if he had lived, might have been a
formidable rival of Bonaparte.

Hochstetter, vou, ton hoK'stSt'ter, (FERDINAND,)
a German geologist, born at Esslingen, April 30, 1829.
He was naturalist to the Novara expedition around the
world, 1857-59. He lived some years in New Zealand,
and published "Geology of New Zealand," (1864,) and
a much larger work on the same subject, in German, in
1866. He later became a professor in the Vienna Poly-
technic School. He published " Ueber den Ural," (1873,)
and " Die Erde," a popular work. Died at Vienna, July
17, 1884.

Hocquincourt, A', do'kaN'kooR', (CHARLES DE
MONCHY,) born in Picardy in 1 599, became marshal of
France in 1651, and commanded the royal army which
was defeated by the Prince of Condi in 1652. He de-
serted to the Spaniards, and was killed at Dunkirk in

Ho'dell, (FRAXS OSCAR LEONARD,) a Swedish
dramatist, born in 1840. He published a comic paper,
the " Sondags-Nisse," 1881-90, and wrote and
adapted for the stage more than a hundred plays.
The most popular of these was " Andersson, Peters-
son, and Lundstrom." Died May 25, 1890.

Ho'dfr, Ho'dur, (HotJr,) or Hod, written also
Hoder, the blind god in the Norse mythology. Through
the cunning malice of Loki, he became the slayer of his
brother Balder, whose death 'Vali avenged by killing
Hoder. (See BALDER, and VALI.)

American theologian, a son of Dr. Charles Hodge,
noticed below. He was born at Princeton, New Jersey,
July 18, 1823, graduated at Princeton College in 1841, and
at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1847, and became
a Presbyterian clergyman. He became a professor
at Princeton in 1877, and published a number of
books on theological subjects. Died in 1886.

Hodge, (CHARLES,) D.D., an eminent American
theologian, born in Philadelphia in 1797. He graduated
at Princeton in 1815, and studied divinity at the Princeton
Theological Seminary, in which he became professor of
Oriental and Biblical literature in 1822. In 1840 he suc-
ceeded to the chair of didactic and exegetical theology,
and in 1852 added to it the professorship of polemic
theology. In 1825 Dr. Hodge established, and was for
many years editor of, the " Biblical Repertory and Prince-
ton Review," at that time the ablest theological quar-
terly in America, and the chief organ of the Old-School
division of the Presbyterian Church. Two volumes of
his contributions to this "Review," entitled "Princeton
Theological Essays," were published in 1846-47, and a
third volume, "Reviews and Essays," in 1857. He died
June 19, 1878.

Hod' ge, (EDWARD,) Mus. Doc., an English musician
and composer, born at Bristol, July 20, 1796. In 1838
he left England for America, and next year was appointed
organist of Saint John's Episcopal Chapel in New York
He returned to England in 1863, and died in 1867.

Hodges, hoj'ez, (NATHANIEL,) an English physician,
who practised in London, and gained distinction by his
faithful services during the great plague of 1665, when the
most of the doctors fted from the danger. He wrote, in
Latin, an account of this calamity, (1672.) He died in
prison for debt in 1684.

Hodges, (WILLIAM,) R.A., an English painter, born
in London about 1744. He painted landscapes wit'i
moderate success, and was employed as draughtsman
in Captain Cook's second vovage, (1772.) He after-
wards visited India and painted some Indian views. He
published " Select Views in India," (2 vols., 1788,) and
" Travels in India in 1780-85," (I793-) Died in 1797.

a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, $, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; mt; not; good; moon;


12 9S


Hodg'kin, (THOMAS,) an English historian, born)
at Tottenham in 1831. He published " Italy and Her
Invaders," (7 vols., 1880-98,) etc.

HSdg'kln-spn, (EATON,) born at Anderton, Cheshire,
in 1789, is distinguished for his researches respecting the
strength of iron pillars, rails, etc. He discovered thai
an iron rail in the form ol an inverted letter T will sup-
port a greater pressure thin any other. From numerous
experiments he derived formulae for solid and hollow
iron pillars, which are generally adopted. He co-
operated with Mr. Stephenson in the construction of the
tubular Britannia bridge about 1845. Died in 1 86 1.

Hodg'son, (BRIAN HOUGHTON,) a British ethnolo-
gist, born in 1800. While in the government service
in Nepaul, and afterwards, he made a large collection
of the northern Buddhistic literature, and wrote many
valuable papers on the ethnology and zoology of Ne-
paul and Thibet. He collected more than ten thou-
sand birds. Died in 1894.

Hodg'son, (FRANCIS,) an English poet, born in
1781, was a friend of Lord Byron, and provost of
Eton College. He produced a version of Juvenal,
(1808,) "Sacred Lyrics," (1842,) and other poems.
Died in 1852.

Hodgson, (JOHN EVAN,) an English artist, born
at London in 1831. His first picture was exhibited in
1856. He painted historical subjects 1861-69, but
afterwards mainly confined himself to scenes from
Moorish life. He was elected to the Royal Academy
in 1879.

Hodierna, o-de-*R'na, or Adierna, a-de-eVnJ, (Gl-
AMBATTISTA,) a Sicilian astronomer and priest, bom at
Ragusa in 1597, verified the positions of the fixed stars,
and discovered the motions of Jupiter's satellites. His
"Medicseorum Ephemerides" (1656) is the first book,
says Lalande, "in which we find observations on the
eclipses of Jupiter's satellites." He wrote a treatise on
the System of Saturn, (1657,) and other works. Died
in 1660.

Hodius. See HODY.

Ho'djf, [Lat. HO'DIUS,] (HUMPHRY,) D.D., an Eng-
lish divine and eminent scholar, born at Oldcombe in
1659. About 1694 he became chaplain to Archbishop
Tillotson. He was chosen professor of Greek at Oxford
in 1698, and Archdeacon of Oxford in 1704. He pub
lished an excellent work "On the Original Texts of the
Bible, and the Greek and Latin Versions," ("De Bibli-
Drum Textis Originalibus," etc., 1705,) also, "On the;
Illustrious Greek Restorers of the Greek Language,"
(1742,) which is commended by Hallam. Died in 1706

See DR. JBBB, "Notitia de Vita et Scriptis H. Hodii."

Hoe, (RICHARD MARCH,) born in New York City in
1812, is known as the inventor of Hoe's type-revolving
printing-press, which makes the impression on both
sides of the sheet at the same time. Died in 1886.

Hoeck. See yEpmus and HOEK.

Hoefer, ho'fer, [Fr. pron. ho'fair',] (JoHANN CHRIS-
TIAN FERDINAND, a German writer, distinguished for
his learning and versatility, was born at Doeschnitz, in
Thuringia, in 1811. He became in 1834 secretary to
Victor Cousin, whom he assisted in the translation of
the works of Plato. He left Cousin in 1836, after which
he studied medicine, and practised several years in Paris.
In 1843 he was sent to Germany by M. Cousin to
examine the German methods of medical instruction
and practice. He published, besides other works, a
" History of Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the
Present," (2 vols., 1842.) In 1851 he was selected by
MM. Didot to direct their great biographical dictionary,
"Nouvelle Biographic Generale," for which he wrote
able articles on Aristotle, Cesar, Columbus, Descartes,
Erasmus, and others. Died in 1878.

Hoefnaeghel, hooPna'gel or hoof'na'Hel, (GEORGE,,
a Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in 1545, was painter
to the Elector of Bavaria. He excelled in water-colour
painting. Died at Vienna in 1600.

Hoek or Hoeck, van, also written Honk,
(JAN,) a Flemish painter of history, born at Antwerp

about 1600, was one of the most skilful pupils of Rubens.
He worked for a long time in Germany, and was patron-
ized by the emperor Ferdinand II. He passed his latter
years in Antwerp. His design and colouring are highly
praised He was very successful in portraits. Among
his master-pieces are " Samson and Delilah," and " Christ
on the Cross," (at Bruges.) Died in 1650.

See J. C. WKVKBMAN, "De Schilderkonst der Nederlander3."

Hoek, (ROBERT,) a brother of the preceding, born
in 1609, was a skilful painter. He painted miniatures
which were admired for extreme fineness of touch and
beauty of colour. His principal works are " The Twelve
Apostles," an army, and a camp. Died in 1668.

Hoelderlin. See HOLDERLIN.

Hoelfken. See HOLFKEN.

Hoelty. See HOLTY.

Hoeltzlinus. See HOLTZLINUS.

Hoenir or Hbnir, ho'nir, [etymology unknown,] in
the Norse mythology, a god who, with Lodur, assisted
Odin in creating mankind. He is supposed to have con-
tributed as his portion sense or perception, while Odin
gave breath and vitality, and Lodur animal warmth and
'he flowing (or circulating) blood. (See ODIN.)

Hoepfner. See HOPFNER.

Hoepken. See HOPKEN.

Hoerberg. See HORBERG.

Hoeschel. See HOSCHEL.

Hoest See HOST.

Hoet, hoot, (GERARD,) an eminent Dutch historical
painter, born at Bommel in 1648. He worked mostly at
Utrecht and the Hague. Among his chief works are
the " Rape of the Sabines," and the " Sacrifice of Dido."
"The talent of Hoet," says Descamps, "is known
throughout Europe. He composed with much genius,
and his works display vast erudition." Died in 1733.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc

Hoeven, van der, vSn der hoo'ven, (JAN,) an able
Dutch naturalist, born at Rotterdam in 1801, became
professor of zoology at Leyden in 1835. His principal
work is an excellent " Manual of Zoology," (" Hand-
boek der Dierkunde," 2 vols., 1827-33,) which has been
translated into English, (London, 1854.) He died March
10, 1868. His brother ABRAHAM (1798-1855) was pro-
fessor of theology at Amsterdam and Utrecht, and was
considered one of the most eloquent orators of Holland.

Ho'ey, (FRANCES SARAH CASHEL,) an authoress,
born at Bushy Park, near Dublin, Ireland, February 15,
1830. Her maiden name was JOHNSTON. In 1846 she
married a Mr. Stewart, and in 1858 Mr. J. Cashel Hoey.
She published many novels, and translated the " Memoirs
of Mine, de Remusat" from the French.

Ho'ey, (JOSEPHINE SHAW, ) a favourite American
actress, born at Liverpool, England, in 1824. She
married in 1849 John Hoey, for many years manager
and president of the Adams Express Company. She
continued to act until 1865. Died in 1896.

Hoeyer. See HOYER.

Hofer. See HOEFER.

Hofer, ho'fer, (ANDREAS,) a celebrated Tyrolese pa-
triot, born in the valley of the Passeyr in 1767. On
the breaking out of the insurrection against the French
and the Bavarian government, to which the Tyrol had
been lately transferred, he entered into secret negotiations
with the archduke John for the deliverance of the coun-
try. In April, 1809, with the assistance of an Austrian
army, Hrefer, at the head of the Tyrolese peasantry,
defeated the French and Bavarian troops at the Ster-
zinger Moose. In the May following, the Austrians,
under Genera! Chasteler, suffered a defeat from the
superior numbers of the enemy near Worgl. Soon after
this the Tyrolese were again victorious in an engagement
near Mount Isel ; but, the Austrian army being with-
drawn after the battle of Wagram, the country was once
more invaded by Marshal Lefebvre. On the I3th of
August, 1809, Hofer, with his army of Tyrolese peasants,
signally defeated the French commander near Mount
Isel, after a long and obstinate conflict ; but, overpowered
at last by the reinforcements sent from France, he took
refuge in the mountains. Being soon after betrayed bj

as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/'; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, (rilled; s as z; th as in this.

anations, p. 23.)




a former friend, he was tried at Mantua, and was shot
in February, 1810.

See "Andreas Hofer und die Tyroler Insurrection," Munich,
1811: HORMAVR, "Geschichte Andreas Hofer's Sandwirths," etc,
1809 ; BECKER, " Andreas Hofer und der Freiheitskampf in Tyrol,"
jvols., 1842; "Memoirs of Andrew Hofer," translated from the
German by C. H. HALL.

Hofer, ho'fer, (EDMUND,) a distinguished German
novelist, born at Greifswalde, October 19, 1819. He was
educated at Greifswalde, Heidelberg, and Berlin. His
very numerous novels were widely popular, and his de-
scriptions of Pomeranian peasant -life are excellent.
Among his stories are "Auf deutscher Erde," (1860,)
"Land- und Seenovellen," (1871,) "Stille Geschichten,"
(1871,) etc. He also wrote a " History of German Lit-
erature," (1876,) and "Wie das Volk spricht," (1876,) a
collection of rustic sayings. Died May 23, 1882.

Hoff, von, fon hoff, (KARL ERNST ADOLF,) a German
geologist, born at Gotha in 1771, wrote a "History of
the Natural Changes of the Surface of the Globe," (5
vols., 1822-41.) and edited, from 1801 to 1816, "The
Almanac of Gotha," a statistical publication of very
high character. Died in 1837.

Hoffbauer, hof'bow'er, (JoHANN CHRISTOPH,) a Ger-
man writer, born at Bielefeld in 1766, published, besides
other works, " Researches into the Diseases of the Soul,"
(3 vols., 1802-07.) Died in 1827.

Hoffman, (CHARLES FENNO,) a popular American
poet and novelist, born in New York in 1806, graduated
at Columbia College. He studied law, and was admitted
to the bar about 1828. In 1835 ne produced a successful
descriptive work entitled " Winter in the West." He
edited successively "The American Monthly Magazine"
and "The New York Mirror." Among his works are
"The Vigil of Faith, and other Poems," and a number
of songs. " No American," says R. W. Griswold, " is
comparable to him as a song-writer." He published in
1840 "Greyslaer," a novel. In 1849 he was attacked
with a mental derangement. Died at Harrisburg, Penn-
sylvania, June 7, 1884.

See GBISTTOLD, " Poets and Poetry of America," and " Prose
Writers of America;" DUYCKINCK, "Cyclopzdia of American Lite-
rature," vol. ii.

Hoffman, (DAVID,) an eminent American lawyer,
born in Baltimore in 1784, was professor of law in the
University of Maryland from 1817 to 1836. He after-
wards resided in Philadelphia. He published a "Course
of Legal Study," which has been highly commended.
According to Judge Story, " it contains by far the most
perfect system for the study of the law that has ever
been offered to the public." He also wrote or compiled
"Chronicles selected from the Originals of Cartaphilus
the Wandering Jew," (2 vols., 1855.) Died in 1854.

See " North American Review" for January, 1830.

Hoffman, //ofmoN', (FRANCOIS BENotr,) an able
French critic and dramatic poet, born at Nancy in 1760.
He produced many successful operas and dramas, among
which are "Phaedra," (1786,) "Adrien," (1792,) and
" Stratonice," a comedy, (1792.) He wrote literary cri-
tiques for the "Journal de 1 Empire" and the "Journal
des Debats" for many years. " He had," says Sainte-
Beuve, " many qualities of a true critic, conscience and
independence. . . . He was learned with variety and
without pedantry." Died in 1828.

See SAINTE-BEUVE, " Causeriesdu Lundi" for February 25, 1850;
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge"ne"rale."

Hoffman, (MURRAY,) an American judge, born in
New York, September 29, 1791. He graduated at Co-
lumbia College in 1809. In 1839 he was appointed
assistant vice-chancellor of New York, and was a judge
of the superior court of New York, 1853-61. He pub-
lished various law-books, chiefly on chancery subjects,
besides several works on ecclesiastical law. Died May

7, 1878-

Hoffmann, hof man, (ANDREAS GOTTLIEB,) a German
theologian, born in the county of Mansfeld in 1796, be-
came professor of theology at Jena in 1822. He pub-
lished a "Treatise on Hebrew Antiquities," (1832,) and
wrote many articles for the " Encyclopaedia" of Ersch
and Gruber. Died March 16, 1864.

Hoffmann, (AUGUST HEINRICH,) an eminent lyric
jioet and philologist, called also Hoffmann von Pal-
lersleben, (fll'lers-li'ben,) was born at Fallersleben, in
Hanover, in 1798. He studied at Gottingen and Bonn,
and became in 1835 professor of the German language
and literature at Breslau. He published " German Social
Songs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,"
and " Mines for the History of the German Language
and Literature ;" also ballads, songs for children, war
lyrics, and other poems, which are greatly admired for
their simplicity, fervour, and pathos. Died in 1874.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe , ' " Leven-
schets van A. H. Hoffmann von Fallersleben. "

Hoffmann, (CASPAR,) a German physician, born at
Gotha in 1572, published numerous works on medicine.
I lied at Altdorf in 1648.

See ERSCH und GRUBER, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."
Hoffmann, hofmln, (CHARLES ALEXANDER,) a
Polish writer, born in Masovia in 1798, produced in 1827
a Polish translation of the works of Dr. Franklin.
Having been identified with the insurrection of 1830, he
was driven into exile in 1832. He was the husband of
Clementina Hoffmanowa. Died July 6, 1875.

Hoffmann, (CHRISTIAN GOTTFRIED,) a German juris-
consult, born at Lauban, in Lusatia, in 1692, became
professor of law at Leipsic in 1718, and afterwards at
Frankfort-on-the-Oder. He acquired a high reputation
by his writings, (in Latin,) among which are a " History
of the Roman Law of Justinian," (1720-24,) and "Li-
brary of German Public Law," (" Bibliotheca Juris pub-
lici Germanici," etc., 1734.) Died in 1735.

See ERSCH und I.RLTBKR, "AMsemeine Encyklopaedie ;" HlR-
SCHING. " Historisch-literarisches Handbuch."

Hoffmann, (CHRISTOPH LUDWIG,) an eminent medi-
cal writer, born at Rheda, in Westphalia, in 1721, was
physician to the Electors of Cologne and Mentz. Among
his principal works are treatises " On the Small-Pox,"
(2 vols., 1778,) and "On the Sensibility and Irritability
of the Diseased Parts," (1779.) Died in 1807.

Hoffmann or Hoffmanowa, hof-mi-no'vi, (CLE-
MENTINA,) a popular Polish authoress, whose maiden
name was TANSKA, was born at Warsaw in 1798, and
liberally educated. She produced about 1820, in Polish,
her " Memorial of a Good Mother," which had a great
popularity. She was married to Charles A. Hoffmann,
with whom she removed to Paris about 1832. Among
her works, which were published collectively in 1833, (in
10 vols^,) are letters, historical tales, essays, and biog-
raphies of eminent Poles. Died in 1845.

Hoffmann, (DANIEL,) a German Lutheran divine,
born at Halle about 1538, was professor of theology at
Helmstedt, He was censured for teaching that the
truths of philosophy conflict with the truths of religion.
Died in 1611.

wards called ERNST THEODOR AMADEUS,) one of the
most remarkable and original of German story-tellers,
(End/tier,) viis born at Konigsbergin 1776. He studied
law, and subsequently received several minor appoint-
ments under the government. In 1816 he became coun-
sellor of the royal court of judicature at Berlin. Died
in 1822, his health having been previously undermined
by dissipation. His gifted and versatile mind led him
to the cultivation of music, poetry, and art But he " is
celebrated chiefly," says Dr. Hedge, " for his successful
use of the magic and demoniac element in fiction. He
does not seek to make the flesh creep and the hair bris-
tle, but aims rather at the diaphragm. He views all
these infrrnalia on the humorous side ; and if any one
trait is particularly prominent in his writings, it is irony."
Menzel, after alluding to the strange combination which
his mind exhibited of manliness, humour, poetry, and
morbid sensibility, remarks, " From the dev:! do^n to a
wry-faced child's doll, from the dissonance of life which
rends the soul down to a dissonance in music which only
rends the ear, the immeasurable kingdom of the ugly,
the repulsive, the annoying, was gathered around him,
and his descriptions paint alternately these tormenting
objects, and the torments which they prepare for a beau-

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 6 of 425)