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family, and in early youth chose natural history as his
favourite study and Buffon as his model. Having sent
to Buffon an account of some experiments on e/ectricity
and received a complimentary answer, he went to Paris
in 1777, and formed an intimacy with that naturalist and
Daubenton. He published an "Essay on Electricity"
in 1781, and soon after became the favourite pupil of
Buffon, who selected him to continue his "Natural His-
tory." In 1785 Lace'pede was appointed curator and
sub-demonstrator in the Cabinet du Roi. He published,
as a sequel to Buffon's work, in 1788, a "Natural His-
tory of Oviparous Quadrupeds and Serpents," which
was commended by Cuvier. In 1791 he entered the
Legislative Assembly as a moderate friend of the new
regime, and during the reign of terror found refuge in the
country. He obtained a chair of zoology in the Museum
of Natural History in 1795, and was admitted into the
Institute in 1796. His "Natural History of Fishes" (6
vols. 410, 1798-1803) is elegant in style, but defective in
philosophy. Having been chosen president of the senate
in 1801, grand chancellor of the legion of honour in
1803, and minister of state in 1804, he was very assiduous
in the performance of his public duties. His " Natural
History of Cetacea" (2 vols., 1804) is called his best
work. After the restoration he was made a peer of
France. Died in 1825.



Lace'pede ;" QU^RARD, " La France Litteraire ;" " Nouvelle Bic~
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

La Cerda. See CERDA, DE LA.

Lacerda e Almeida, de, da la seR'da 4 al-ma'e-dl,
(FRANCISCO JozE,) a Portuguese traveller, exploredparts
of Brazil, and portions of Africa between 10 and 26" south
latitude. Died in Africa about 1798.

La Chabeaussiere, de, deh 13 shS'bo'se-j.iR', (ANGS
ETIENNE XAVIER POISSON,) a French comic poet, born
in Paris in 1752 ; died in 1820.

La Chaise or Lachaise, de, deh IS shiz, (FRANgois
D'Aix,) or La Chaise d'Aix, (FRANgois DE,) PERE,
a French Jesuit, born in Forez in 1624. After teaching
philosophy at Lyons, he obtained in 1675 the place of
confessor to Louis XIV., which he kept for thirty-four
years. He had much influence with the king, and ap-
pears to have acted with moderation and prudence.
Voltaire calls him a "mild person, with whom the ways
of conciliation were always open." He is partly respon-
sible, however, for the revocation of the edict of Nantes.
Died in 1 709. A large cemetery of Paris bears the name
of Pere La Chaise.

See VOLTAIRE, "SiWe de Louis XIV;" SAINT-SIMON, "Mi-
moires;" "Nouvelle Biographic GeWrale."

La Chalotais. See CHALOTAIS, DE LA.

Lachambeaudie, li'shoN'bo'de', (PIERRE,) a French
fabulist, born at Sarlat in 1806. He joined the Saint-
Simonians about 1832, and published, in 1839, " Popular
Fables," (7th edition, 1849,) which gained a prize of 2000
francs from the French Academy. Died July 6, 1872.

La Chambre. See CHAMBRE, DE LA.

LachapeUe or La Chapelle, de, deh Ifshrpel',
(ARMAND Boisbeleau bwi'behlo',) a French Prot-
estant minister, was born in Saintonge in 1676. After
preaching in London, he became pastor of a church at
the Hague in 1725. He was the editor of the last ten
volumes of the " Bibliotheque Anglaise," or " Literary
Journal of Great Britain," (15 vols., 1717-27,) which was
commenced by Laroche, and wrote several theological
works. Died in 1746.

La Chapelle, de, (JEAN,) a mediocre French poet,
born at Bourges in 1655, became a member of the French
Academy. He wrote several successful tragedies, among
which was " Zai'de," and " The Amours of Catullus,"
(1680.) Died in 1723.

Lah'a-re, [Aajopijc,] an Athenian demagogue and
tyrant, who obtained the chief power at Athens in 296
B.c, He was expelled by Demetrius in 295.

La Chatre, de, deh It'shatR', (CLAUDE,) a French
general and courtier, born about 1536; died in 1614.



e as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/V G, H, K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. ( Erj^See Explanations, p. 23.;



LA CHAUSSEE



1466



LACROIX



La Chaussee. See CHAUSSBE.

La'ehes, [AaOTf,] an Athenian general, commanded
an expedition sent to Sicily in 427 B.C. He was one of
the commanders of the army sent to Argos in 418 B.C.,
and was killed at Mantinea in that year.

Laeh'e-sis, [Aa,ff <",] a Greek word signifying "lot"
or " destiny," the name of one of the PARC^E, (which see.)

La Chetardie. See CHETARDIE, DE LA.

Lachmann, laK'man, (KARL,) an eminent German
critic and philologist, born at Brunswick in March, 1793.
He studied at Leipsic and Gottingen. After having
lectured in the University of Konigsberg, he became
in 1827 professor in that of Berlin, where he acquired
a high reputation. In 1830 he was admitted into the
Academy of Sciences of Berlin. He published excellent
critical essays on Homer and on the " Niebelungen-
Lied." Between 1829 and 1845 ne edited the works of
Catullus, Tibullus, Terence, and Avianus. He published
an edition of Lucretius, (1850.) He also wrote "De
Choreis Systematis Tragicorum Grxcorum," (1819,) and
jiany other works. He is chiefly remembered for his
important labours on the text of the Greek New Testa-
ment. Died in Berlin, March 13, 1851.

See JACOB GRIMM, "Redeauf LachmaDn," 1851 ; MARTIN HSRTZ,
" K. Lachmann, cine Biographic," 1851 ; '* Nouvelle Biographic
Ge"ne>ale."

Lachner, laK'ner, (FRANZ,) a German musical com-
poser, born at Rain, in Bavaria, in 1804. He composed
symphonies, which are his chief title to fame, and sev-
eral operas and oratorios. After acting as chapel-master
in Vienna some years, he became royal chapel -master in
Munich in 1836, and in 1852 he was chosen general di-
rector of music. He ranks among the greatest com-
pixers of symphonies in recent times. Died in 1890.

Lackemacner, lak'keh-maK'er, (JOHANN GOTT-
FRIED,) a German Orientalist, born at Osterwick in
1695 ; died in 1736.

Lack'ing-tpn, (JAMES,) an English bookseller, born
about 1745 ; died in 1816.

See his " Autobiographic Memoire," 1793.

Lackmann, lak'man, (ADAM HEINRICH,) a German
historian, born at Weningen in 1694; died in 1753.

La Clede or Laclede, de, deh li'kl&d', (N.,) a French
historian, was a friend of Voltaire. He published a " Gen-
eral History of Portugal," (2 vols. 410, 1735,) of which
a Portuguese version appeared in 16 vols., (1781-97.) He
died young in 1736.

Laclos or La Cloa, de, deh lifklo', (PIERRE AM-
BROISE FRANgois Chodcrlos sho'dSR'los',) a French
officer, born at Amiens in 1741. He was secretary to
the Duke of Orleans during the Revolution. In the
army he served as marechal-de-camp under the Republic.
He published a licentious romance, " The Dangerous
Liaisons." Died in 1803.

La Colonie, de, deh If ko'lo'ne', (JEAN MARTIN,) a
French historical writer, born at Bordeaux in 1674. He
wrote a " History of Bordeaux," (3 vols., 1757.) Died
in 1759.

Lacombe, IJ'koMb', (JACQUES,) a mediocre French
writer, born in Paris in 1724. Among his numerous
works, in prose and verse, are a " Dictionary of the Fine
Arts," (1759,) a "History of Revolutions in Russia,"
(1763,) and a " Dictionary of Arts and Trades," (8 vols.,
1789-91.) Died in 1811.

La Condamine. See CONDAMINE, LA.

Lacordaire, If'koR'd^R', (JEAN BAPTISTE HENRI,) a
celebrated French preacher, and founder of a new order
of Dominicans, was born at Recey-sur-Ource (Cote d'Or)
in 1802. He was educated for the law, which he re-
nounced in 1823 for the church, having been converted
from Voltairian views by the " Essay on Indifference"
of Lamennais. In 1830 he was associated with Lamen-
nais and Montalembert as an editor of the " Avenir,"
which was ultramontane in religion but liberal or radical
in politics. His unity and co-operation with Lamen-
nais ceased in 1832, after a visit to Rome with his two
friends above named, and after the pope had denounced
the "Avenir." In 1835 the archbishop opened to him
the pulpit of Notre-Dame, Paris, where he attracted
immense crowds by the novel and brilliant style of his
bermons, in which he availed himself freely of the various
interests and excitements of the time. He became a



Dominican friar in 1840, and published a "Life of Saint
Dominic." In 1848 he was elected to the Constituent
Assembly ; but he resigned his seat in May of that year,
having failed as a parliamentary speaker. He after-
wards preached in Paris and other cities. He pub
lished " Considerations on the Philosophic System of
Lamennais," (1834,) "Sermons ( Confirences) at Notre-
Dame," (3 vols., 1835-50,) " Letter on the Holy See,"
(1838,) and other works. In 1859 or 1860 he was elected
to the French Academy in place of De Tocqueville.
Died in November, 1861.

See MONTALHMBBRT, "Vie de Lacordaire;" "Notice sur Lacor-
daire," Lyons, 1845: SAINTE-BEUVE, "Causeries du Lundi," tome
L : L. DE LoMBNia, " Le Pere Lacordaire," 1844 ; PIBRRK LORRAIN,
" Biographic historique de Lacordaire," 1847 ; " Nouvelle Biographic
GeWrale;" " Blackwood's Magazine" for February, 1863; "Quar-
terly Review" for July, 1864 ; PRE CHOCARNB, " Vie du Pere Lacor-
daire," (and English translation of the same, Dublin and New York-
1867)

Lacordaire, (JEAN THEODORE,) a French naturalist,
a brother of the preceding, was born at Recey-sur-Ource
in 1801. He travelled extensively in South America
between 1825 and 1832. Among his works are an "In-
troduction to Entomology," (2 vols., 1834-37,) and a
"Natural History of Insects: Genera of Coleoptera,"
(4 vols., 1857.) Died at Liege, July 18, 1870.

Lacoste, liTiOSt', (finE,) a French Jacobin, born at
Montagnac, was elected to the Convention in 1792. On
the gth Thermidor, 1794, he spoke with energy against
Robespierre, and procured the suppression of the revo-
lutionary tribunal. Died in 1803.

Lacoate, IJ'kost', (MARIE R.,) an American poetess,
born in Georgia about 1842, known as the author of
"Somebody's Darling," a short poem which appeared
anonymously in 1863 and achieved wide popularity.

Lacour, 14'kooR', (PIERRE,) a French painter and
archaeologist, born at Bordeaux in 1778.

LacreteUe, de, deh If kReh-t_eT, (JEAN CHARLES
DOMINIQUE,) a popular French historian, born at Metz
in 1766. He was in Paris during the Revolution, and was
a zealous partisan of the moderate Constitutionalists.
After the fall of Robespierre he became one of the chiefs
of the jeunesse darle, and gained distinction as an elo-
quent writer and editor of a political journal. On the
i8th Fructidor, 1797, he was arrested on the charge of
being a royalist, and imprisoned twenty-three months.
He published a " History of the French Revolution," (5
vols., 1801-6,) which obtained great success, a "His-
tory of France since the Restoration," (3 vols., 1829-35,)
and many other works on French history. Among his
best productions is a " History of France during the
Eighteenth Century," (6 vols., 1808,) and "The National
Convention," (3 vols., 1825.) He was admitted into the
French Academy in 1811, and was professor of history
at the Faculty of Letters from 1809 to 1848. In 1827 he
was the prime mover of a protest which the French
Academy made against a proposed law to subvert the
freedom of the press. Died in 1855.

See "Nouvelle Biographic GiniSrale;" TASTBL, " Histoire dea
quarante Fauteuils de I'Acade'mie Franoaise," 4 vols., 1855 : "Quar-
terly Review" for April, 1814; "Edinburgh Review" for January,
1805.

LacreteUe, de, (PIERRE Louis,) a French lawyer and
successful writer, brother of the preceding, was born at
Metz in 1751. He became a resident of Paris at an early
age. He gained reputation by his "Iiloge de Montau-
sier," by a prize essay " Sur la Prejuge' des Peines infa-
mantes," ("On the Prejudice against [the Families of
those who suffer] Infamous Penalties," 1784,) and other
works, for which the Academy in 1786 awarded him the
prize founded for the work most useful to morals. In
1791 he was elected to the Legislative Assembly, where
he acted wilh the moderate Constitutionalists. About
1802 he was admitted into the French Academy in place
of La Harpe. After the restoration of 1814 he was one
of the editors of the "Minerve Fran9aise." He was
author of "Portraits and Tableaux" and "Melanges of
Philosophy and Literature," (5 vols., 1802-07.) Died in
1824 or 1825.

Lacroix, li'kRwa', (JULES,) a French novelist and
poet, born in Paris in 1809, published "The Parasites,"
(2 vols., 1837,) " Memoirs of a Somnambulist," (5 vols.,
1845,) and other novels. Died in 1887.



i. e, I, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fal; met; not; good; moon;



LACROIX



1467



LAD1SLA US



L icrout, (PAUL,) a prolific writer and novelist, brother
of the preceding, was born in Paris in 1807, and is
known under the pseudonym of P. L. JACOB BIBLIOPHILE.
He published a " History of the Sixteenth Century in
France," (4 vols, 1834,) a " History of Napoleon III.,"
(4 vols., 1854,) and other historical works. The manners,
arts, and sciences of Europe in the middle ages and in
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are illustrated in his
"Moyen-Ageet la Renaissance," (5 vols., 1847-51,) which
is regarded as a valuable and important work. Among
his novels are " Soirees of Walter Scott at Paris," (2 vols.,
1829-31,) "The Good Old Time," (1835,) "Lover and
Mother," (" Amante et Mere," 2 vols., 1839,) and " Le
Dieu Pepetius," (1874.) He was very prominent as a
bibliographer. Died at Paris, October, 1884.

Lacroix, (SiLVESTRE FRANCOIS,) a French mathema-
tician, born in Paris in 1765. He was professor in the
Polytechnic School, the Sorbonne, and the College of
France for about sixty years, and rendered important
services to science by his elementary works on geometry,
algebra, etc. He published a " Treatise on the Differ-
ential and Integral Calculus," (2 vols., 1797,) which is
highly esteemed. He was a member of the Institute.
Died in 1843.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Gine'raJe."

Lacrobc or La Croix, de, deh li'kRwa', (MERIC,)
a French writer against war, born in Paris about 1590.
Among his works is "The New Cyneas."

LacroLx, de, (FRANgois JOSEPH PAMPHILE,) Vi-
COMTE, a French general, born in Languedoc in 1774;
died in 1842.

Lacrois, de, (J. P.,) a French regicide and lawyer,
was born at Pont-Audemer in 1754. He was an active
member of the Convention, and became a political friend
of Danton, with whom he was executed in April, 1794.

Lacroix, de, (Louis ANTOINE NICOLLE,) a French
geographer, born in Paris in 1704. He published a
" Modern Geography," (1747.) which was used in colleges
for about fifty years. Died in 1760.

LacroLx, de, (MARIE NICOLAS CHRESTIEN,) a French
engineer and topographer, born in Paris in 1754. He
enjoyed high consideration as chief of the topographical
bureau in the department of foreign affairs. Died in 1836.

Lacroix du Maine, de, deh IfkRwa' dii min,
(FRANC.OIS GKUD,) SIEUR, a French bibliographer, born
at Mans in 1552. Having collected many books and lite-
rary materials, he published in 1584 his " Bibliotheque
Francaise," which contains valuable information on
French works and their authors, and is commended for
accuracy. He was assassinated in 1592 by some fanatics
who suspected that he secretly favoured the Reformed
religion.

Lacrosse, de, deh IfkRoss', (BERNARD THEOBALD
JOSEPH,) BARON, a French politician, born at Brest in
1796. In 1848 he was appointed minister of public
works, and became a senator in 1852. Died in 1865.

Lacrosse, de, (JEAN BAPTISTS RAYMOND,) BARON,
a French admiral, the father of the preceding, was born
at Meilhan in 1765. In 1804 he was appointed com-
mander-in-chief of the flotilla at Boulogne. Died in 1829.

Lacroze, de, deh If kRoz', (MATHURIN VEVSSIERE,)
a French Orientalist, born at Nantes in 1661, became
librarian of the King of Prussia in 1697, and professor
of philosophy in Berlin. He wrote an " Egyptian Dic-
tionary," and several historical treatises. Died in 1739.

Lacruz or La Cruz, de, da la-kRooth', (JUAN,) a
skilful Spanish painter of history and portraits, was born
at Valencia in 1545, and was surnamed PANTOJA. He
was patronized by Philip II., for whom he painted por-
traits and religious pieces. Died in 1610.

Lacruz, de, (JUANA INEZ,) a Spanish or Mexican
poetess, born near Mexico in 1651. She published in
1670 a rolume of dramas and other poems, religious and
lecular, which were greatly admired for grace and sensi-
bility. She retired to a convent in 1668, and died in
1695. She was often called "the Tenth Muse."

Lacruz y Cano, de, da la-kRooth' e ki'no, (RAMON,)
a Spanish dramatic poet, born at Madrid in 1731. He
had great facility in versification, and excelled in ridicule
or facetiae. He produced many successful comedies, in
which characters are skilfully treated. Died in 1795.



e as A; 5 as s; g hard; g as t; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in MM.



Lacshml See LAKSHMf.

Lactance. See LACTANTIUS.

Lactantius,lak-tan'she-u,s,[Fr. LACTANCE, ISk'toNss';
It LATTANZIO, lat-tan'ze-o,] (Lucius CCELIUS FIRMI-
ANUS,) an eloquent Latin Father, who flourished in the
third and fourth centuries, and is supposed to have been
a native of Africa. He was a pupil of Arnobius. About
290 A. D., Diocletian employed him as teacher of rhetoric
at Nicomedia. Some writers think he was converted
from paganism after that date. Between 310 and 320 he
was preceptor of Crispus, the son of the emperor Con-
stantine, and during that period lived in Gaul. His
principal work is " Institutiones Divinse," ("Divine Iiv
stitutions,") a defence of Christianity. He is reputed
the most eloquent and polished of the Latin Fathers,
and was called by Saint Jerome "the Christian Cicero."
Died probably about 325 A.D.

See BROOKH MOUNTAIN, " Summary of the Writings of Lactan-
tius," London, 1839; FLHURV, " Histoire ecclesiastique :" SAINT
JEROME, " De Scriptoribus Ecclesiastic's ;" P. ECKERMAN, "Disser-
tatio de Lactantio, Cicerone Christiano," 1754; "Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Ge'neVale."

Lacuee, 13'kii'a', (GERARD JEAN,) Comte de Cessac,
a French general and administrator, born near Agen in
1752. He became a member of the Institute, minister
of state, (1807,) and minister of the administration of
war in 1810. Died in 1841.

Lacuna. See LACUNA.

La'cy, (JOHN,) an English actor and dramatist, born
at Doncaster. He obtained such popularity as a comic
actor that Charles II. had his portrait painted in several
characters. He wrote, besides other comedies, "The
Dumb Lady," and " Sir Hercules Buffoon." Died in 1681.

La'cy, (MICHAEL ROPHINO,) a musician, actor, and
composer, born in 1795, at Bilboa, Spain, where his father
was an English merchant. He was famous as a per-
former on the violin, and subsequently appeared as a
comedian, but is best known as the adapter of the words
and music of famous operas so as to suit them to the
taste of the time. Died September 20, 1867.

Lacy, de, da li'Mee', (Luis,) an able Spanish general,
born near Gibraltar in 1775. Having failed in an attempt
to restore the authority of the Cortes, he was shot in 1817.

Lacy, von, (JOSEPH FRANZ MORITZ.) See LASCY.

La-5y'des, [Aa/a'i&jc,] a Greek philosopher of the Pla-
tonic school, was a native of Cyrene. He was a pupil
of Arcesilaus, whose successor he became at Athens
about 240 B.C. His writings are not extant. Died
about 215 B.C., (one account says 241 B.C.)

Ladd, (GEORGE TRUMBULL,) D.D., an American
theologian, born at Painesville, Ohio, January 19, 1842.
He graduated at Western Reserve College in 1864, and
at Andover Theological Seminary in 1869, held Congre-
gationalist pastorships from 1869 to 1879, was professor
of mental and moral philosophy at Bowdoin College
from 1879 to i88j, and in 1881 was called to the corre-
sponding chair in Yale College. He lectured on phi-
losophy in Japan in 1892. He wrote several theological
works, and a number of works on psychology.

Ladd, (WILLIAM,) an American philanthropist, born
at Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1778, was one of the
originators of the American Peace Society, of which he
became president. He was successively editor of the
" Friend of Peace" and the " Harbinger of Peace," and
wrote several essays on that subject Died in 1841.

Ladenberg, von, fon la'den-bSRc', (ADALBERT,) born
at Anspach in 1798, filled many important posts under
the Prussian government. Died in 1855.

Ladenberg, von, (PHILIPP,) a Prussian lawyer, the
father of the preceding, bom at Magdeburg in 1769,
became in 1837 privy minister of state. Died in 1847.

Ladislaua, lad'is-lawss or la'dis-Iowss, [Fr. LADISLAS,
U'de'slas'; Polish, WLADISLAW, vlJ'de-slav' or vla'de-
slaf,] 1, King of Hungary, and SAINT, born in 1041, was
a son of Bela I. He began to reign in 1078, and died in
1095. He was canonized by the pope.

See GANOCZY, "Dissertatio de S. Ladislao," etc., Vienna, 1775.

Ladislaua H, of Hungary, a son of Bela II., was
born about 1134; died in 1162, after a reign of about
six months. He is omitted from some lists of the kings
of Hungary.



xplanations, p. 23.)



LAD1SLAUS



1468



LA FACE



Ladislaus IL or HI., King of Hungary, born about
[ 185, was a son of Emeric. He was elected in 1204, and
died in 1205.

Ladislaus HI. or IV., surnamed CUMAN, King of
Hungary, succeeded his father, Stephen IV., in 1272. In
his reign Hungary was ravaged by the Tartars or Mon-
gols. He was assassinated .n 1290.

Ladislaus IV. or V., King of Hungary, born about
1400, was a son of Jagellon or Ladislaus. He inherited
the throne of Poland in 1434, and was elected King of
Hungary in 1440. His army gained several victories
over the Turkish invaders. (See HUNIADES.) He was
killed at the battle of Varna by the Turks in 1444. He
was succeeded by the infant son of Albert II., who
was styled Ladislaus VI., and who died in 1457, aged
seventeen.

See FESSLEH, "Geschichte der Ungarn."

Ladislaus VI or VEL, King of Hungary, born about
1450, was a son of Casimir IV. of Poland. He was
elected King of Hungary in 1490. During his reign the
conquests of Matthias Corvinus in Austria were lost.
He died in 1516, leaving the throne to his son Louis.

See COUNT VON MAILATH, " Geschichte der Ungarn."

Ladislaus or Lancelot, King of Naples, was the
son of Charles III., and began to reign in 1386. His
rival, Louis II., had possession of Naples, but was ex-
pelled in 1399. Ladislaus excited the Romans to revolt
against Innocent VII., and in 1408 made himself master
of Rome. Died in 1414.

Ladislaus OF POLAND. See VLADISLAVS.

Ladmiral, lid'me'ril', (JAN,) a Dutch engraver, of
French descent, born at Leyden in 1680.

Ladoucette, de, deh Ifdoo'seV, (JEAN CHARLES
FRANCOIS,) BARON, a meritorious French administrator,
born at Metz in 1770 ; died in 1848.

Ladowski, 11-dov'skee, (RF.MIE,) a Polish naturalist,
bom at Volhynia in 1738, published a "Natural History
of Poland," (1783.) Died in 1798.

Ladvocat, ltd'vo'ki', (JEAN BAPTISTF,) a French
doctor of the Sorbonne, born at Vaucouleurs in 1709,
was learned in philosophy, history, Oriental languages,
etc. He became professor of divinity in the Sorbonne,
and published, besides other works, a Hebrew Grammar,
" Bibliotheque annuelle," (1748-51,) and a "Historical
Dictionary," (2 vols., 1752.) An enlarged edition of the
last was published in 5 vols. in 1822. Died in 1765.

See QUBRARD, *'L* France Litte'raire."

Ladvocat, (Louis FRANCOIS,) a French philosophica.
writer, bom in Paris in 1644. He became a counsellor
and dean of the chamber of accounts. He wrote several
metaphysical works, one of which is entitled a "New
System of Philosophy." Died in 1735.

Ladvocat, (N.,) a French publisher and bookseller,
born in 1790; died in 1854.

Laslius, lee'le-ijs, (CAius,) surnamed NEPOS, an emi-
nent Roman general. He had a high command under
Scipio Africanus in the expedition against Spain in 210
B.C. In 205 he gained a victory over Syphax in Africa,
for which he received a crown of gold. He was elected
prztor in 197, and consul in 190. His notes furnished
Polybius with materials for his history of Scipio's cam-
paigns in Spain.

Laelius, (CAius,) surnamed SAPIENS, a son of the pre-
ceding, studied philosophy with Diogenes the Stoic, and
became an eminent orator. He served with distinction
under his friend Scipio the Younger at the siege of Car-
thage, and was chosen consul in 140 B.C. He favoured the
aristocratic party, and was an opponent of T. Gracchus.
The celebrity of the friendship between Laelius and
Scipio caused Cicero to place the name of the former at
the head of his dialogue " De Amicitia." Horace com-
mends his mild philosophy, "mitis sapientia Laelii,"
(Serm. ii. Sat I.) Died about 115 B.C.

See CICERO, " Brutus" and " De Oratore;" HKNDRIK HANA.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 64 of 425)