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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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German painter, born at Hohenfeld, Bavaria, in 1813,
became a citizen of Paris in his youth. Among his
works are "The Awaking of Adam," (1841,) "The Lad-
der of Jacob," (1847,) and portraits for the palace of
Versailles. Died at Pontlevov, April 25, 1871.

Lamoignon, de, deh 13'mwan'y6N', (CHRETIEN
FRANC.OIS.) a French magistrate, eminent for his integ-
rity and talents, born in Paris in 1644, was the eldest son
of President Guillaume de Lamoignon. He was chosen
master of requests about 1668. For twenty-five years
(1673-98) he performed with honour the duties of advo-
cate-general to the Parliament. He was made president
<j mortierm 1690. lie was intimate with Racine, and
with Hoileau, who addressed to him his Sixth Epistle. In
1704 he became a member of the Academy of Inscrip-
tions, after declining n/auletiil in the Academie Fran
caise. Died in 1709.

His son Gt-ii.i.Ai-ME. Seigneur de Malesherbes, born
in 1683, became successively advocate-general, president
of the' Parliament nf Paris, and chancellor ol France,
(1750.) lie maintained the virtuous reputation of Ins
family, and died in 1772, leaving a son, who was the
eminent Maleslierbes.

Lamoieiion, de, (CHRETIEN FRANgois,) a 1-rencn
judge, bo" probably in Paris in 1735. He became

, e, I, 5, u, y,it>ng; a, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, it, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, till, lat; met; n6t; i;ood; moon;




president i) mvrtirr in 1758, and shared the exile of Par-
liament in 1772. He was appointed keeper of the seals
in 1787. Died in 1789.

Lamoignon, de, (GuiLl.AUME,) an eminent judge,
and first president of the Parliament of Paris, was born
in 1617. His father, Chretien de Lamoignon de Baville,
was a highly meritorious magistrate. Guillaume became
master of requests in 1644, and first president of the
Parliament in 1658. In announcing his nomination, the
king said to him, " If I had known a better man, I should
have appointed him." He received much praise for the
part he took in relation to the ordinances of 1667 and
1670, and in several instances preferred the claims of
duty to the favour of the court. He laid the basis
of an important judiciary reform in his "Decisions,"
("Arretes,") printed in 1702. Died in 1677.

Lamoignon de Baville, ll'mwan'vdN' deh ba'vel',
(NICOLAS,) the fifth son of the preceding, was born in
1648. He was appointed master of requests in 1673.
Died in 1724.

Lamoignon-Malesherbes. See MALESHERBES,

La Monnoye. See MONNOIE.

Lamont', (DANIEL SCOTT,) an American official,
was born at Eastlandville, New York, in 1851. He
was engaged on the Albany "Argus" and became
private secretary to Grover Cleveland as governor
1883-85, and as president 1885-89, and secretary of
war in Cleveland's cabinet 1893-97.

Lamont, von, fon la'mont', (JoHANN,) an astronomer,
born in Braemar, Scotland, December 13, 1805, was edu-
cated at Ratisbon, in Germany, and became a monk. In
1852 he was chosen professor of astronomy at Munich.
Died August 6, 1879. He made valuable contributions
to astronomy and to the science of magnetism.

Lamoriciere, de, deh IS'mo're'se-aiR', (CHRISTOPHE
Louis LEON Juchault zhii'shS',) a French genera],
born at Nantes in 1806. He gained distinction as colonel
of zouaves in Algeria, and became a marechal-de-camp
in 1840. He obtained the rank of lieutenant-general in
1843, returned to France in 1846, and was elected a
deputy in 1847. In the Revolution of 1848 he made
strenuous efforts to support the Orleans dynasty. He
was elected to the Constituent Assembly, and com-
manded a division of the army in the fight against the
insurgents of Paris in June, 1848. He was Cavaignac's
minister of war about six months ending in December,
1848. Having shown hostility to the power of Louis
Napoleon, he was arrested on the 2d of December, 1851,
and confined a few weeks in the Castle of Ham. He be-
came general-in-chief of the army of the pope in 1860, and
was defeated by the Sardinians at Castelfidardo. He was
taken prisoner soon after this action. Died in 1865.

La Mothe, It mot, (N.,) a French historian, born
about 1680, was also called La Hode. He wrote " His-
tory of the Revolutions of France," (1738,) and a " His-
tory of Louis XIV.," (5 vols., 1740.) Died about 1740.

La Mothe-Houdancourt, de, deh It mot hoo'dfiN'-
kooR', (PHILIPPE,) Due de Cardone, a French general,
born in 1605, gained successes over the Spaniards, and
received a marshal's baton in 1642. Having been de-
feated at Lerida in 1644, he was deprived of command.
Died in 1657.

Lamothe- Langon, de, deh IS'mot' ISN'giN'', (F-Ti-
ENNE LEON,) BARON, a French litterateur, born at Mont-
pellier in 1786. Among his numerous works are poems,
historical memoirs, and romances. Died in 1864.

La Mothe le Vayer. See MOTHE, LA.

La Motte. See MOTTE, LA.

Lamotte, It'mot', (JEANNE DE Luz DE SAINT-REMY
DE VALOIS,) MADAME, an artful Frenchwoman, who
acquired notoriety in the affair of the " Diamond Neck-
lace," was born, probably, at Bar-sur-Aube about 1750.
She became the wife of a person who styled himself
Count Lamotte. Having practised with success on the
credulity of Cardinal Rohan, she induced him to nego-
tiate for a diamond necklace valued at about a million
and a half of francs, which he designed as a present to
the queen. Her husband absconded with the diamonds,
which she had obtained by fraud. She was whipped
and imprisoned for this offence, and died in 1791.

Lamotte- (or La Motte-) Fouque, 15'mot' foo'ki',
(CAROLINE,) a German authoress, wife of the following,
was born at Nennhausen in 1773. She published suc-
cessful novels entitled "Feodora," "Lady of Falken-
stein," and " Ida," also " Letters on Female Education"
and " Letters on Greek Mythology," which were received
with favour. Died in 1831.

Lamotte-Fouque, de, deh IS'mot' foo'ka', (FRIED
RICH HEINRICH KARL,) often called simply Fouque,
BARON, a German poet and romance-writer of rare genius,
was born at Brandenburg, February 12, 1777. He was a
grandson of Henry Augustus Fouque. (See FOUQUE.)
I laving served in several great battles of the war against
Napoleon, about 1813 he retired from the army on ac-
count of ill health, with the rank of major, and afterwards
resided in Paris, at Halle, and on his estate of Nenn-
hausen. He found a congenial sphere for his fertile
imagination in the Northern traditions and the old Ger-
man poetry, and produced many beautiful poems and
works of fiction, among which are "Undine,"* a tale,
(1813,) one of the most exquisite creations of German
genius, "Corona," a poem, (1814,) " Der Zauberring,"
("The Magic Ring," 1816,) "Eginhard and Emma,"
a drama, and " Bertrand du Guesclin," an epic poem,
(1821.) Died in 1843.

See his Autobiography, entitled "Lebensgeschichte," etc., 1840;
GERVINUS, " Geschichte der Deutschen Dichtung;" "Monthly Re-
view" for October, 1820.

Lamourette, It'moo're't', (ADRIEN,) ABBE, a French
ecclesiastic, born in picardy in 1742. He became an
auxiliary of Mirabeau in 1789, and wrote the address on
the civil constitution of the clergy which that orator pro-
nounced. In 1791 he was chosen Bishop of Rhone-t-
Loire, and deputed to the National Assembly. Having
resisted the extreme measures of the dominant party, he
was guillotined in 1794. He had published several re-
ligious works.

Lamouroux, It'moo'roo', (JEAN VINCENT FELIX,) a
French naturalist, born at Agen in 1779. He went to
Paris in 1807, and was chosen professor of botany or
natural history at Caen about 1810. He gave special
attention to those marine productions which are found
on the borders between the animal and vegetable king-
dom, and which he described in several capital works.
Among these is a "Description of Coral-forming Polypi
or Zoophytes," (" Histoire des Polypiers coralligenes
flexibles," 1816.) He also published " Lectures on Phys-
ical Geography." Died in 1825.

See " Notice biographique sur Lamouroujt," by his brother, 1839.

Lampadius, lam-pa'de-us, (WiLHELM AUGUST,) a
German chemist, called the founder of metallurgy, was
born in the duchy of Brunswick in 1772. He became
professor of chemistry or metallurgy at Freiberg in 1795.
His principal work is a " Manual of General Metal-
lurgy," (3 vols., 1801-09.) Died in 1842.

See CALLISSN. " Medicinisches Schriftsteller-Lexikon ;" " Bio-
graphie Medicale."

Lampe, lam'peh, (FRIEDRICH ADOLPH,) a German
Protestant theologian, born at Detmold in 1683. He
became professor of theology at Utrecht in 1720, and
published sermons and other works, among which was
a "Commentary on the Gospel of Saint John." Died
in 1729.

Lampe, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH,) a German composer of
songs and operas, born about 1692, lived in London.
Died in 1756.

Lamperti, lam-peVtee, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian
teacher of singing, born at Savona in 1813. His success
with private pupils led to his being appointed in 1850
professor of singing to the Conservatorio at Milan, where
he trained many of the most distinguished operatic
vocalists. He resigned in 1875. Died in 1892.

Lampetia, lam-pee'she-a, [Gr. Aa/incriij ; Fr. LAM-
PETIE, loN'pa'te',] a daughter of Helios, whose flocks
and herds she tended in the island of Thrinakia. Ulysses
having been long detained on the island by stress of
weather, his companions killed some of the sacred oxen,
for which the offended gods afterwards sent against them
a great tempest, in which all perished except Ulysses,
who saved himself on the piece of a mast.

* Called in French Otulinf.

as k; 5 as s: g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural ; N. nasal; R, trilled; as t; th as in this. ( JI^T'See Explanations p.




Lampetie. See LAMPETIA.

Lampillas, lim-peel'yis, or Llampillas, Urn-peel'
yas, (FRANCISCO XAVIER,) a Spanish Jesuit, horn in
Catalonia in 1731. He lived at Genoa after the expul-
sion of the Jesuits from Spain in 1767. His principal
work is a defence of Spanish literature against Bettinelli
and Tiraboschi, "Saggio storico-apologetico della Let-
teratura Spagnuola," (6 vols., 1778-81.) Died in idio.

Lamplugh, lam'ploo, ? (THOMAS,) an English prelate,
born in Yorkshire in 1615. He became Bishop of Exeter
in 1676, and was a partisan of James II. in 1688, but
after his flight recognized William III., who appointed
him Archbishop of York. Died in 1691.

Lampredi, lam-pRa'dee, (GIOVANNI MARIA,) an Ital-
ian publicist and writer on law, born near Florence in
1732; died in 1793.

Lampredi, (URBAN,) an Italian philologist, born at
Florence in 1761 ; died in 1838.

Lampride. See LAMPRIDIUS.

Lampridio, lam-pRee'de-o, (BENEDETTO,) a Latin
poet, born at Cremona. After being professor of Greek
in Rome, he opened a school in Padua in 1521. He
composed admired odes, epigrams, and elegies. "It
cannot be denied," says Tiraboschi, "that he has imi-
tated Pindar happily in nobleness of ideas and in imagi-
native power." Died about 1540.

Lam-pridl-us, |Fr. LAMPRIDE, 16N'pRed',l (^LiUi.)
a Latin historical writer, who flourished about 310 A.D.
He was one of the authors of the " Augusta Historia,"
to which he is said to have contributed the lives of
Commodus, Diadumenus, Heliogabalus, and Alexander

Lampson, limp'son, [Lat. LAMPSONIUS, IJmp-so'ne-
as,] (DoMiNic,) a Flemish painter and Latin poet, born
at Bruges in 1 532. His paintings are rare and esteemed.
Died in 1599.

Larupsonius. See LAMPSON.

Lampuguani, lam-poon-ya'nee, (AcoSTiNO,) an Ital-
ian poet, born at Milan in 1588. He wrote many works
which were once popular. Died in 1668.

Lamy. See LAMI, (BERNARD.)

Laiia, li'na, (LUIG1,) an Italian painter, born at M6-
dena in 1597. He worked in that city, and imitated
Guercino with success. His picture of "M6dena de-
livered from the Plague" is called his master-piece.
Died in 1646.

Laria-Terzi, IJ'na-teRd'zee or -teRt'zee, (FRANCESCO,)
(or FRANCESCO Terzi-Laua.) an Italian Jesuit and natu-
ral philosopher, born at Brescia in 1631. He was at one
time professor of philosophy in his native place, and was
a diligent observer and experimenter in natural science.
He published, besides a few other works, "Magisterium
Naturae et Artis," (3 vols., 1684-92,) which treats of natu-
ral philosophy. Died in 1687.

Lanc'as-ter, (AI.I-.KRT BF.NOIT MARIE,) a Belgian
meteorologist, was born at Mon, Belgium, in 1849.
He became connected with the Royal Observatory,
Brussels, and director of the journal " Ciel et Terre."
He wrote many works ami articles on meteorology
and astronomy, the most notable being " Bibliographic
generale de 1'Astronomie."

Lauc'as-ter, (EDMUND,) EARL OF, the son of Henry
III. of England, was born in London in 1245. Edward
I. sent him with an army to conquer Guienne, but, before
he could effect that purpose, he died in 1296. II
THOMAS, Earl of Lancaster, was the most powerful sub-
ject of his time in England. He was a morlal enemy
to Piers Gaves'on, whose death he procured in 1312.
Having rebelled against Edward II., he was defeated
and beheaded in 1322. His brother HENRY became his
heir, and aided Queen Isabella to depose the king in
1326. He was appointed guardian of the young king
Edward III. in 1327.

Lancaster, (Sir JAMES,) an English navigator, who
made a voyage to India in 1591, and conducted the first
expedition which the East India Company sent to that
region (1600-03) for the purpose of forming commen
relations. He made a treaty with the King of Acheen.
Died in 1620. Narratives of his voyages may be found
in Hakluyt and Purchas. An inlet of liallin's Hay was
named, in honour of him, Lancaster Sound.


Lancaster, (JOSEPH,) an Englishman, who acquired
distinction as the founder of " Lancasterian Schools, 1 '
was born in London, November 25, 1778. and was a
member of the Society of Friends. At about the age of
twenty he opened a school in Southwark, and tried with
success the system of mutual instruction. He was pa-
tronized by the Duke of Bedford and other noblemen.
By lectures and writings he rendered his system popular,
and gave an impulse to the cause of education in Eng-
land and other countries. Having become insolvent, he
went to the United States about 1818, and continued to
labour in the same cause. Died in New York in 1838.

Lancaster, (NATHANIEL,) a learned English writer,
born in Cheshire about 1700. He was for some time
rector of Stamford-Rivers. His principal work is an
"Essay on Delicacy," (1748,) a poem. Died in 1775.

Lance, (GEORGE,) an excellent English painter of
fruit and still life, was born in Essex in 1802. He re-
ceived lessons in " high" or " historical" art from Haydon,
and pursued his master's favourite branches of painting,
until he discovered that his genius was more adapted to
the treatment of fruit, flowers, game, etc. In this depart-
ment he is considered to have excelled all the English
oil-painters of his time. He produced some historical
pieces and tableaux de genre. Died in 1864.

Lauce, (WILLIAM,) an American lawyer and political
writer, born at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1791. He
published a " Lifeof Washington" in Latin. Died in 1840.

Lancelot, loNs'lo', (ANTOINE,) a French litterateur
and antiquary, born in Paris in 1675. He was a member
of the Academy of Inscriptions, for which he wrote many
learned antiquarian treatises. For a few years he had
the office of secretary to the king, which he sold in 1725.
Died in 1740.

Lancelot, (Dom CLAUDE,) an able French gram-
marian, born in Paris in 1615. He became one of the
recluses of Port-Royal in 1638, and was the first regent
of the schools of Port-Royal, which flourished from 1646
to 1660 under the care of such men as Arnauld and Pas-
cal. Lancelot was the first master of Racine. " He threw
some additional lustre," says Hallam, "around Port-
Royal by the Latin and Greek Grammars (1644 and
1655) which are more frequently called by the name of
that famous cloister than by his own." They were used
for a long time in the French schools. He published in
1660 "Grammaire generale et raisonnee," a treatise on
the philosophy of all languages, which is esteemed a
work of the first class. Died in 1695.

SeeSAiNTK-BauvE, "Port-Royal;" MoREIl, " Dictionnaire Hij-
torique :" NicdRON, " M^moires."


Laucelotti, lan-cha-lot'tee, written also Lancelot!,
(GIOVANNI PAOLO,) an Italian jurist, born at Perugia in
1511. He wrote, in Latin, " Institutes of Canon Law,"
which were approved by Pope Paul IV. Died in 1591.

Lancillotti, lan-chel-lot'tee, or Lancelloti, lan-chil-
lo'tee, (SECONDO,) an Italian author and priest, born at
Perugia in 1575. He published in 1630 a successful work
entitled "To-Day," ("L'Hoggidi,") intended to prove
that the world was not morally or physically worse than
it had been in ancient times. He wrote other learned
works. Died in Paris in 1643.

Lancilotti, lan-che-lot'tee, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian
painter and poet, born at Florence, lived about 1500.
He excelled in nocturnal scenes.

Lancisi, lan-chee'see, (GIOVANNI MARIA,) an eminent
Italian physician and scholar, born at Rome in 1654. Foi
thirteen years he lectured on anatomy with Mat at the
College of Sapienza, Rome. He became the chief phy-
sician of Pope Innocent XI. in 1688, and served Clement
XI. in the same capacity. Besides other professional
works, he published, in Latin, a "Treatise on Sudden
Deaths," (1707,) and one "On the Noxious Effluvia of
Marshes," (1717.) Died in 1720.

See ASSALTI, "Vie de Lancisi," prefixed to his treatise " De
Mom Cordis;" FABBONI, "Vitx Italr.rum," etc. ; G. M. CKESCIM-
Vila di G. M. Lancisi," 1731 : " Nouvelle Biographic Gene-

Lancival. See LUCE DF. LANCIVAL.

Lancjean, loN'zhON', (KEMi, ) a skilful Flemish

i, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, j, o, oliscurt: far, fill, fat; met; not; good; moon;




painter of history, born at Brussels, was a pupil of Van
Dyck. Died in 1671.

Lancre, IflNkR, (PiERRE,) a French lawyer, and writer
on demonology and sorcery, was born at Bordeaux ; died
in 1630.

Lancret, loN'kRi', (NICOLAS,) a French painter, born
in Paris in 1690. He imitated the manner of Watteau
with success. His reputation was higher in his own
time than at the present. Died in 1743.

Lancrinck or Lankrink, lan'kRink, (PROSPER
HENRY,) a skilful landscape-painter, of German ex-
traction, born about 1628. He worked in England, and
was employed by Sir Peter Lely to paint the landscapes,
flowers, etc. of his pictures. Died in 1692.

Landa, de, da lan'da, (JUAN,) a Spanish painter, lived
at Pampeluna from 1570 to 1630.

Landais or Landois, 16N'd4', (PIERRE,) a French
parvenu of low birth, born at Vitre, became the favourite
of Francis II., Duke of Brittany, who gave him absolute
power. Landais was hated by the nobles, who conspired
against him and put him to death in 1485.
Lande. See LALANDE.

Laiidelle, l&N'dgl', (CHARLES,) a French historical
painter, born at Laval, Mayenne, in 1821. He obtained
a medal at the Great Exposition of 1855 for his picture
of the " Repose of the Virgin."

Lan'den, (JoHN,) an English mathematician, bom at
Peakirk in 1719. He began to write for the "Ladies'
Diary" in 1744, and published in 1755 "Mathematical
Lucubrations," in which various parts of high analysis
are treated. In 1766 he was admitted into the Royal
Society. He wrote several treatises on dynamics and
the integral calculus. Among his principal works is his
"Residual Analysis," (1764.) Died in 1790.

Lan'dcr, (FREDERICK WILLIAM,) an American en-
gineer and general, born at Salem, Massachuset's, in
1822. He commanded an expedition to open a wagon-
road across the plains to California in 1858. It is stated
that he made five explorations across the continent,
having been employed by the government to survey a
route for a Pacific railroad. In Jaly, 1861, he was ap-
pointed a brigadier-general. He was wounded at Ed-
wards's Ferry, October, 1861, and signalized his courage
at Blooming Gap, Virginia, in February, 1862. He died
it Pawpaw, Virginia, in March, 1862, leaving a high
reputation for enterprise and bravery.

Lan'der, (JOHN,) an English traveller, born in 1807.
He accompanied his brother Richard in an expedition to
explore the river Niger in 1830. (See LANDER, RICHARD.)
Died in 1839.

Lander, (LouiSA,) an American sculptor, born at
Salem, Massachusetts, about 1835, studied at Rome
under Crawford. Among her best works may be named
Etatues of " Evangeline" and of " Virginia Dare," and
a bust of Hawthorne.

Lander, (RICHARD,) an English traveller, who has
rendered his name memorable by solving the problem
of the course of the Niger, was born at Truro in 1804.
He had been employed as a servant by several gentle-
men before 1825, when, hearing of Captain Clapperton's
proposed expedition to Africa, he offered his services
and was engaged by that officer as his confidential ser-
vant. (See CLAPPERTON, HUGH.) After performing
the last offices to his master near Saccatoo in April,
1827, he returned with the papers of Clapperton to
England, where he arrived in 1828. The offer which
he made to renew the enterprise was accepted by gov-
ernment. Accompanied by his brother John, he sailed
from England in January, 1830, traced the Niger from
Yaoori (or Yauri) to its mouth in the Bight of Benin,
and returned home in 1831. A "Journal of an Expe-
dition to Explore the Course and Termination of the
Niger," (2 vols.,) by Richard and John Lander, was
published in 1832. The voyage from Yaoori to the
mouth of the river occupied about four months, from
August 2 to December I, 1830. Having undertaken
another expedition to Western Africa in the service of
a mercantile company, he was killed by the natives in
1835. Tne most prominent trait of his character was
indomitable perseverance.

See " Edinburgh Review" for July, 1832.

Landi, lan'dee, (CoSTANZO,) COUNT, an Italian phi-
lologist and numismatist, born at Piacenza in 1521 ; died
in 1564.

Landi, (GASPARO,) CHEVALIER, an Italian painter of
history and portraits, born at Piacenza in 1756. He
worked mostly in Rome, and became professor of paint-
ing in the Academy of Saint Luke. He excelled in car-
nation tints and in truth of expression. Some Italian
critics considered him as one of their best painters.
Among his principal works is "The Assumption of the
Virgin." Died at Rome in 1830.

Landi, (GiULio,) COUNT, an Italian writer, born at
Piacenza about 1500, wrote a romance entitled "The
Life of Cleopatra," (1551.) Died about 1580.

Landi, (ORTENSIO,) a witty and extravagant Italian
writer, born at Milan. He was for some time in the
service of the Bishop of Trent, and passed many of his
later years in Venice. He published several scandalous
and paradoxical works, among which are a " Dialogue
on the Death of Erasmus." (1540,) " Paradoxes," (" Para-
doss!,") and the "Scourge of Ancient and Modern Au-
thors," (1550.) Died about 1560.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteralura Italians. "

Landi, (STEFANO,) an Italian composer, born in Rome,
lived about 1630. He composed sacred music, and was
distinguished for his inventive genius.

Landini, lan-dee'nee, or Landino, lln-dee'no,
(CHRISTOFORO,) an Italian critic and scholar, born at
Florence in 1424, was reputed one of the principal orna-
ments of the Platonic Academy of that city. I le became
professor of belles-lettres at Florence in 1457, and was
chosen by Pietro de' Medici to finish the education of
his two sons. He wrote several Latin poems, and e?-
j teemed commentaries on Horace, Virgil, and Dante
Died in 1504.

See GINGUEN^, " Histoire de la Litte'rature Italienne;" NHGRI,

Istoria de' Scrittori Fiorentmi."

Landini, (TADDEO,) a Florentine sculptor, who worked
in Rome and was employed by Gregory XIII., Sixtus V.,
and Clement VIII. Died about 1594.

Landino, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian organist and com-
poser, surnamed CIECO, (the " Blind,") was born at Flor-
ence about 1325 ; died in 1390.

Lan'do or Lan'don, a native of Sabina, was elected
pope, as successor to Anastasius III., in 913. He died
in 914 A.D., and was succeeded by John X.

Lando, lan'do, (PiETRO,) was elected Doge of Venice
in 1539. During his reign the Venetians made peace
with the Turks, and resisted the efforts of Charles V.
and Francis I. to engage them in new hostilities. Died
in 1545, aged eighty-four.

Landon, loN'di.N', (CHARLES PAUL,) a French painter
and writer on art, born in Normandy in 1760. He
studied in Rome as a pensioner of the king, and worked
in Paris, but acquired more reputation by his writings

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 69 of 425)