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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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ze-aiR', (JEAN AMBROISE BASTON,) a French general,
born at Fougeres in 1759. He became a general of di-
vision in 1807, and directed the artillery with skill at
Eylau, Dantzic, and Friedland. Died in 1813.

La Rive, de, deh If rev, (AuGUSTE,) a Swiss natural
philosopher, born at Geneva in i8oi,was a son of the
following. He became professor of physics in his native
city, and wrote many treatises on electricity, the voltaic
pile, etc. Died November 27, 1873.

La Rive or Larive.de, (CHARLES GASPARD,) a Swiss
chemist and physician, born at Geneva in 1770. He gave
special attention to voltaic electricity, and about 1820
constructed a pile of five hundred pairs. He was one
of the first to demonstrate the action of the electric
current on the magnetic needle. Died in 1834.

Larive or La Rive, de, deh 13 rev, (JEAN Maudult
mo'dii-e',) a popular French tragedian, born at La Ro-
chelle about 1746. He made his dttnit in Paris in 1770,
and for many years was a prime favourite. His voice and
gestures were admirable. No actor of his time possessed
in such perfection the tone of command, of disdain, of
irony, and of menace. He performed "Achilles," "Spar-
tacus," " Philoctetes," "Bayard," and "William Tell"
with great success. He was imprisoned more than a
year by the Jacobins in 1793-94. Died in 1827.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Gdne'rale."

Larivey, de, deh li're'va', (PiERRE,) a French drama-
tist, bora at Troyes about 1550. He published in 1579
the "Laquais," and other comedies, which in humour
are compared to those of Moliere. He was one of the
first in France who chose subjects for comedy from real
life, and the first Frenchman who wrote original dramas
in prose. Died about 1612.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

La Riviere. See RIVIERE.

Lariviere, IS're've-aiR', (CHARLES PHILIPPE,) a
French historical painter, born at Paris about 1798. He
obtained the grand prize in 1824, and a medal of the first
class at the Exposition of 1855. Among his works is
"Bayard wounded at Brescia." Died Feb. 29, 1876.

Lariviere or La Riviere, de, deh IS're've-aiR'.
(PIERRE JOACHIM HENRI,) a French lawyer and orator
of the Girondist party, was born at Falaise in 1761. He
was elected to the Convention in 1792, and took an active
part in the struggle which resulted in the defeat of the
Girondists in May, 1793. He found refuge in Calvados,
and resumed his seat in 1795. Died in 1838.

Larmeasin, IjR'm^'saN', (NICOLAS,) a skilful French
engraver, born in Paris about 1640, produced numerous
portraits of illustrious men. His son, NICOLAS, born in



a, e, i, 5, u, v,/^; a, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; mil; not; good; moon



LARNAC



M93



LA RUE



1683, sui passed his father in the same art. He engraved
portraits and history with equal success, and received
the title of engraver to the king. Died in 1755.

Larnac, laVnSk', (FRANCOIS,) a French poet, born
at Nimes in 1760 ; died in 1840.

Lar'ned, (AUGUSTA,) author and journalist, bom
at Rutland, New York, in 1835. She'became con-
nected as correspondent and editorial writer with sev-
eral papers, and for some time edited "The Revolu-
tion," a woman's rights paper. She published " Home
Stories," "The Norse Grandmother," "Tales from
the Eddas," " In Woods and Fields," (verse,) etc.

Lar'ned, (Rev. SYLVESTER,) an American Presbyte-
rian divine, born at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 1796. He
studied theology at Princeton, and soon acquired a high
reputation as a pulpit orator. He subsequently became
pastor of a church at New Orleans, where he died during
the prevalence of the yellow fever in 1820. A collection
of his sermons was published in 1844.

Laroche or La Roche, U'rosh', (BENJAMIN,) a
French poet and translator, born in 1797, produced good
translations of "The Vicar of Wakefield," Shakspeare's
works, (6 vols.,) Byron's complete works, (4 vols.,) am
the complete works of Sir Walter Scott. He wrote a
poem called "The Funeral of Liberty," (1820.) Diec
in 1852.

Laroche, 13'rosh', (MARIE SOPHIE,) a German mis
cellaneous writer, born at Kaufbeuren in 1731, was th<
author of " Moral Tales," " Rosalie's Letters," and sev
eral popular romances. Died in 1807.

Laroche du Maine. See LUCHET, (JEAN PIERRE
Louis.)

La Rochefoucauld. See ROCHEFOUCAULD.
Larochejacquelin. See ROCHEJAQUELEIN.
La Rochejaquelein. See ROCHEJAQUELEIN.
Laromiguiere, If ro'me'ge^iR', (PIERRE,) an eminent
French metaphysical philosopher, born in Rouergue
(now Aveyron) in November, 1756. He became pro-
fessor of philosophy at Toulouse in 1784. Having
removed to Paris, he was admitted into the Institute in
1796. As professor of philosophy in the Faculty of
Letters, he delivered, in 1811 and 1812, a series of lec-
tures which were attended and admired by the ilite of
the capital. He retained the title of professor after 1812,
but ceased to lecture, and published in 1815 "Lectures
on Intellectual Philosophy, or on the Cause and Origin
of our Ideas," (" Le9ons de Philosophic sur les Principes
de ['Intelligence, ou sur les Causes et sur les Origines
de nos Idees," 2 vols.) This work was adopted by the
government as a text-book for public instruction. Died
in August, 1837. " He left a fair and pure renown," says
M. Cousin, who delivered an oration at his funeral.

Larousse, U'ROOSS', (PIERRE,) a French editor and
publisher, born at Toucy, October 23, 1817. He wrote
many school-books, but is chiefly known for his volumi-
nous " Dictionnaire du XIXe Siecle," which had a very
great success. He died January 3, 1875, leaving his great
work unfinished.

Larra, de, da laVrS, (Don MARIANO JOSE,) a popular
and witty Spanish author, born at Madrid in 1809. He
had no profession except literature. In 1832 he pub-
lished a satirical journal, "El Pobrecito Hablador,"
which was suppressed after the appearance of the four-
teenth number, and a few years later, as chief editor of
the "Spanish Review," (" Revista Espafiola,") produced,
under the signature of " Figaro," able articles on Span-
ish politics, manners, literature, etc. He published
" Macias," and other dramas. All his works bear the
decided stamp of the Spanish national character. He
committed suicide in 1837, before which he had been
subject to deep melancholy.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Larramendi, lar-rJ-meVdee, (MANUEL,) a Spanish
philologist, born in Guipuzcoa. lie wrote on the Basque
language. Died in 1750.

Larrey, 13' ri', (CLAUDE FRANC.OISHILAIRE,) a French

physician and writer, born in 1774, was a brother of

Dominique Jean, noticed below. He practised at Nimes.

Died in 1819.

Larrey, (DOMINIQUE JEAN,) BARON, a French surgeon



of great merit, born near Bagneres-de-Bigorre (Haut-
PyreWes) in 1766. Having served a short time in the
navy, he entered the land-army about 1792, and rendered
important services by the invention of the ambulancis
i'olantes, (flying hospital.) He accompanied Bonaparte
to Egypt in 1798, and published a " Historical and Sur-
gical Account of the Expedition to the East," (1803.)
He received the title of baron about 1810, and became
surgeon-in-chief of the grand army in 1812. At the
battle of Waterloo, in 1815, he was wounded and taken
prisoner. Under the restoration he was chief surgeon
of the royal guards and of the Hotel des Invalides until
he resigned in 1836. He died in 1842, leaving a high
reputation for virtue and talents. He had published
" Memoirs of Medicine and Military Surgery," (1812-18,)
" Collection of Treatises on Surgery," (" Recueil de Me^
moires de Chirurgie," 1821,) and other excellent works.
Bonaparte in his will mentions Larrey as "the most
virtuous man I have ever known."

See Louis DH LoMdsiE, " Le Baron Larrey, par un Homme de
Rien," 1840; J. SAINT-AMOUR, "Notice ne'crologique sur D. I.
Larrey," 1844; QU^RARD, "La France Litt^raire ;" "Biographic
Medicate ;" " Nouvelle Biographic G^nerale ;" " Edinburgh Review"
for March, 1819.

Larrey, (FELIX HIPPOLYTE,) a French surgeon and
writer, a son of the preceding, was bom about 1810. He
became surgeon-ordinary to Napoleon III., and in 1858
mldecin-inspccteur of the army.

Larrey, de, deh lfr', (ISAAC,) a French Protestant
historian, born at Montivilliers in 1638. Having become
an exile for the sake of religion, he took up his residence
in Berlin, and was appointed an aulic councillor by the
Elector. He published, besides other works, a " History
of Augustus," (1690,) a "History of England," (1697-
1713,) and a "History of the Seven Sages of Greece,"
(1713-16,) which were favourably received. Died in
Berlin in 1719.

Larrivee, Ifre'vi', (HENRI,) a celebrated French
operatic performer and singer, born at Lyons in 1733.
He made his dibut in Paris in 1755, and maintained
his reputation in the opera for thirty years. Died in
1802.

Larroque, IS'rok', (DANIEL,) born at Vitr<? in 1660,
became a Catholic, and lived in Paris, where he was a
clerk in the bureaus of De Torcy, secretary of state.
He displayed literary talents in several works, among
which are "The Proselyte Abused," (1684,) and the "Life
of Mezeray." Died in 1731.

Larroque, de, deh It'rok', (MATHIEU,) an eminent
French Protestant theologian, the father of the preceding,
was born at Lairac, near Agen, in 1619. He was pastor
of the church of Vitre' from 1643 to 1669, after which he
preached at Rouen. His " History of the Eucharist"
(1669) was highly esteemed. He wrote several other
works. Died in 1684.

See "Life of M. Larroque," by his son, prefixed to his "Adver-
laria Sacra," 1688: BAYLR, " Historical and Critical Dictionary."

Larruga, lar-roo'ga, (Don EUGENIO,) a Spanish writer
on political economy, commenced a work entitled " Po-
litical and Economical Memoirs on the Industry, Mines,
and other Resources of Spain." Forty-eight volumes
had been issued at his death, in 1804.

Lartet, laR'ti', (EDOUARD,) a French archaeologist,
born at Saint-Guerand in iSoi. He became noted as a
student of fossils, making many important finds in that
department of science. He later became eminent as a
writer on prehistoric anthropology. He was for many
years a professor of palaeontology in the Museum of
Natural History at Paris. Died January 28, 1871.

La Rue or Larue, de, deh "It'rii', [Lat, RU^E'US,]
(CHARLES,) a French poet and eloquent preacher, born
in Paris in 1643. He composed, in Latin, tragedies and
other poems, one of which, on the victories of Louis
XIV., was translated into French by P. Corneille, (1667.)
His Sermons were published in 4 vols., 1719. Hi?
tragedy of " Sylla" is commended. He prepared an
edition of Virgil "in usum Delphini," (1675,) often re-
printed. Died in 1725.

La Rue, It rii, [Lat, RU.'E'US,] (FRANC.OIS,) a Flemish
naturalist, born at Lille about 1520; died in 1585.

La Rue, li rii, (PIERRE.) a Dutch poet and biographer,
Dorn at Middelburg in 1695.



<s as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/,- G, H. K.futtural; N, nasal; R, trilltd; as ; th as in this. (Jl^'See Explanations, p. 13 \



LARUE



1494



LAS CASES



Larue, de, (GERVAIS.) See DELARUE.
La Sabliere. See SABLIERE, DE LA.
La Sabliere, de, deh If si'ble-aiR', (ANTOINE DE
RAMBOUILLET,) SIEUR, a FrenclT~poet and financier,
born in Paris in 1624; died in 1679.

Lasagni, Ia-san'yee, (BARTOLOMMEO VINCENZO GIU-
SEPPE,) an Italian jurist, born at Rome in 1773. He was
a judge or counsellor in the French court of cassation
in Paris from 1810 to 1850. Died in 18^7.

Lasagni, (PiETRO.)an Italian Cardinal, born at Rome
July 15, 1814, was created a cardinal-deacon in 1882.

La Sale or La Salle, de, deh 13 sil, (ANTOINE,) a
French writer, born about 1398. He wrote, besides other
works, a satire entitled " Les quinze Joyes de Mariage,"
("The Fifteen Comforts of Matrimony,") which was often
reprinted. Died after 1461.

La Sale, de, (ROBERT CAVELIER.) See LA SALLE.

Lasalle or La Salle, de, deh li sil, (ANTOINE,) a
French metaphysician, born in Paris in 1754, published
"The Natural Balance," (1788,) and "Moral Mechanics,"
(2 vols., 1789.) He translated the works of Lord Bacon
into French, (15 vols., 1800.) Died in 1829.

Lasalle, de, (ANTOINE CHARLES Louis COLLINET,)
COUNT, a French officer, born at Metz in 1775, served
in several campaigns in Italy. In 1798 he followed
Bonaparte to Egypt, where he gave proof of courage
at the Pyramids and Thebes. As general of brigade,
he contributed to the victories of Austerlitz (1805) and
Jena, (1806.) At the end of 1806 he was made general of
division. In the second Austrian war he commanded
the cavalry of the advanced guard at Raab, Essling, and
finally at Wagram, where he was killed in July, 1809.

See E. A. BEGIN, "Vie militaire du Comte de Lasalle," 1830:
PIGAULT-LEBRUN, " Eloge historique du General de I-asalle,"
1852; "Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

La Salle, (J. B.) See SALLE, DE LA.

La Salle or La Sale, de, (ROBERT Cavelier kJV-
le-i',) an enterprising Frenchman, who has rendered his
name memorable by his exploration of the Valley of the
Mississippi, was born at Rouen in 1643. He emigrated
to Canada in 1667, and engaged in the fur-trade, making
long excursions among the native tribes. In 1675 he was
appointed by Colbert governor of Fort Frontenac, and
was encouraged to pursue discoveries which his own
ambition or enterprising spirit had suggested. Having
built a vessel on Lake Erie, he began his voyage in
August, 1679, and passed through Lakes Huron and
Michigan. He built a fort at Peoria, Illinois, and, as his
vessel had been wrecked, returned by land to Frontenac
in 1680. In 1682 he renewed the enterprise with a nume-
rous party, and descended the Mississippi in canoes from
the Illinois River to its mouth, where he arrived in April,
1682. The part of this river below the Arkansas had never
before been explored by a European. In 1683 he went
to France, and, having obtained a commission to plant
a colony in Louisiana, undertook a voyage to that region
by the Gulf of Mexico in 1684, but failed to find the
mouth of the Mississippi, and landed in Texas. There
he encountered great difficulties, and at last was mur
dered by his own mutinous crew, in March, 1687. "Huj
capacity for large designs," says Professor Jared Sparks,
" and for procuring the resources to carry them forward,
has few parallels among the most eminent discoverers.
To him must be mainly ascribed the discovery of the
ast regions of the Mississippi Valley."

See " Memoir of La Salle," in SPARKS'S "American Biography,**
Tol. L, 2d series; "Journal historique du dernier Voyage de La
Salle," par MICHEL, 1723: HILDKETH, "History of the United
States," vol. ii. chap, jtviii. : " Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

La Sante or Lasante, de, deh \t s6Nt, (GILLES
ANNE XAVIER,) a French Jesuit and Latin poet, born
in Bretagne in 1684, taught belles-lettres in Paris, and
numbered Turgot among his pupils. Died in 1762.

Lasaulx, von, fon If so', (ERNST,) a German phi-
lologist and writer of classic antiquities, was bom at
Coblentz in 1805. He became professor of philology
at Munich in 1844, and wrote, besides other works, " On
the Oracle of Dodona," (1841,) "On the Myth of Pro-
metheus," (1843,) and "Studies on Classical Antiquity,"
(1854.) Died in 1861.

La Saussaye, de, deh li so'sj', (JEAN FRANCOIS DE
PAULE Louis PETIT,) a French antiquary, born at Blois



in 1801. His "Numismatics of Narbonese Gaul" ("Nu-
mismatique de Gaule Narbonnaise," 1842) opened to him
the Academy of Inscriptions. Died February 24, 1878.
Lasca, las'ki, (ANTONIO FRANCESCO GRAZZINI,) an
Italian poet and dramatist, born at Florence in 1503. In
1540 he founded the Florentine Academy, and assumed
the name of Lasca, (" Mullet.") He afterwards conceived
the idea of a new Academy, called Delia Crusca, the aim
of which should be to perfect the Tuscan language. His
most famous work is a collection of tales, entitled " The
First and Second Supper," (" La prima e la seconda
Cena.") He also composed sonnets, satirical poems, and
" Gelosia" and other comedies in prose. His works are
recognized as authorities ftesti di lingua) by the Academy
Delia Crusca. Died in 1583.

See GINGUXNE, " Histoire Litteraire d'ltalie."
Lascaris or Lascari. See CARBURIS, (MARINO.)
Laacaris, las'ka-res, (AcosTiNO.) Marquis of Vinti-
miglia, an Italian general and agriculturist, born at Turin
in 1776. He wrote several treatises on agriculture. Died
in 1838.

Las'ca-ris, (ANDREAS JOHANNES,) surnamed RHYN-
DACENUS, a noble Greek scholar. About 1454 he went
as a fugitive to the court of Lorenzo de' Medici, by whom
he was patronized. In or before 1495 he removed to
Paris, where he taught Greek to Budseus and others.
Leo X. placed him at the head of a Greek college in
Rome about 1508. Between 1518 and 1534 he resided
chiefly in Paris or Venice, whither Francis I. sent him
as ambassador. He edited "The Greek Anthology,"
(1494,) " Commentaries on Sophocles," (1518,) and other
Greek works. Died in 1535.

See BAYLH, " Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" PAOLO Giovio,
" Elogia Virorum Ulustriurn."

Lascaris, (CONSTANTINE,) a Greek scholar, who
contributed much to the revival of learning, was a de-
scendant of the royal family of Constantinople. After
the conquest of that city by the Turks, he took refuge in
Italy, (1454,) and was employed by the Duke of Milan
to give lessons in Greek to his daughter Ippolita. He
afterwards taught Greek at Rome, Naples, and Messina,
where he died about 1494. His Greek Grammar (1476)
is said to have been the first work printed in Greek
characters.

See Hooius, " De Graecis illustrious;" VILLEMAIN, "Lascaris,
i les Grecs du quinzieme Siecle," 1825.

Lascaris, ISsTcfress', (PAUL Louis,) a French trav-
eller, born in Provence in 1774. In the service of Bona-
parte, he traversed Syria and Asiatic Turkey between
1803 and 1814 for the purpose of gaining the friendship
of the Bedouins and preparing the way for an expedi-
tion to India. He died at Cairo in 1815, leaving notes,
~hich were published by Lamartine.

Lascaris, (THEODORE I.,) a Greek emperor, eminent
for political and military talents, born about 1175. He
married about 1200 the daughter of Alexis III., who
lad usurped the throne of his brother Isaac. After a
Drave resistance to the crusaders, who took Constanti-
nople in 1204, he was elected emperor and made himself
master of Bithynia. He was crowned as emperor at
Micaea in 1206. He waged war for several years against
he French or Latins, and defeated Alexis (above named)
near Antioch in 1210. He died in 1222, and was suc-
ceeded by his son-in-law, John Ducas Vatatzes.

Lascaris, (THEODORE II.,) the son of John Ducas,
>ecame Emperor of Nicaea in 1255. He waged a sue-
:essful war against the Bulgarians. He died in 1259,
caving an infant son, John, whose throne was usurped
by Michael Palaeologus.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;" Ml-
CHAUD, " History of the Crusades;" LE BEAU, "Histoire du Bas-
Empire."

Las Casas. See CASAS, DE LAS.

Las Cases, de, deh Us kaz, (EMMANUEL AUGUSTIN
DIEUDONNE MARIN JOSEPH,) MARQUIS, a French officer,
distinguished as a companion of Bonaparte at Saint
Helena, was born near Revel, in Languedoc, in 1766.
He served some years in the navy, emigrated in 1789,
fought for the royal cause at Quiberon, and returned to
France in 1800. He became chamberlain to Bonaparte



a, e, I, o, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, o, ii, y, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; far, fill, fit; mil; not; good; moor-



LASCELLES



1495



LASSEN



in 1810, and followed him into exile in 1815. In Novem-
ber, 1816, he was sent to the Cape of Good Hope, where
he was imprisoned several months, after which he was
taken to Europe. He had kept a journal of Napoleon's
conversation, which he published, under the title of " Me-
morial of Saint Helena," (8 vols., 1822-23.) Died in 1842.

Las'celles, (Sir FRANK CAVENDISH,) a British
diplomatist, horn in 1841. He entered the diplomatic
service in 1861, and after filling various minor posts
was made minister to Roumania in 1 886, to Persia in
1891, ambassador to Russia in 1894, and to Germany
in 1895.

Lasco or Laski. S;e A LASCO.

Las'9y, (or La'cy,) de, (PETER,) COUNT, an Irish
general, father of the following, was born in Limerick
in 1678. Having entered the Russian service, he was
rapidly promoted, and in 1709 commanded the left wing
at Puhowa. The Czar Peter appointed him general-in-
chiefofthe infantry about 1722. In 1734 he commanded
an army against the Poles under Stanislas, and obtained
the rank of field-marshal. He gained an impoitant
victory over the Swedes at Helsingfors in 1742. Died
in 1751.

Lascy or Lacy, von, fon lis'see, (JOSEPH FRANCIS
MAURICE,) COUNT, a general in the Austrian army, born
in Saint Petersburg in 1725. Having saved the army at
Lowositz in 1756, he was promoted trom tlie rank of
colonel to that of general. For his services at Hoch-
kirchen, in 1758, he was made general of artillery. He
received from Maria Theresa a marshal's baton in 1762.
After the peace he entered the aulic council, and dis-
played much ability as minister of war. Died in 1801.

La Sena, la sa'ni, or La Seii.e, It sgn, (PiETRO,)
also written Lascena, an Italian philologist, born in
Naples in 1590, practised law in that city. lie wrote
" Homeri Nepenthes, seu de Abolendo Luctu Liber,"
(1621,) and several treatises on philology. Died in 16361

See BUCCARDI, "Vita P. La Senz," 1637.

Laseina. See SANTANDER.

Lasinio, li-see'ne-o, (CARLO,) COUNT, an able Italian
engraver, born at Treviso about 1765. He engraved
numerous works of early Italian masters. Among his
plates is a collection called " Etruria pirtrice." Died
about 1837.

His son, GIOVANNI PAOLO, was an engraver j.t Flor-
ence.

L'aaius, la'ze-us, (LORENZ OTTO,) a German philolo-
gist, born at Ruden in 1675 ; died in 1751.

Lasker, lls'ker, (EDUARD,) a German statesman of
Jewish family, was born at Jarcczyn, Prussian Poland,
October 14, 1829. He studied law at Breslau and Berlin
and in England. For many years a prominent legislator,
(in the Prussian, North German, and Imperial Diets suc-
cessively,) he was one of the most intelligent and fearless
advocates of all the reforms and progressive measures
proposed, and the most influential opponent of Bis-
marck's policy. He never held an important office, ex-
cept as a legislator. He published "Zur Verfassungs-
geschichte Preussens," (" On the History of the Prussian
Constitution,") etc. Died in New York, June 5, 1884.

Lasker, (EMANUEL,) chess champion, born at Ber-
linchen, Germany, in 1868. He became a student of
mathematics and a chess expert, winning the cham-
pionship of England in 1892, of America in 1893, and
of the world in 1894. He won the Moscow first prize in
1897. He published a number of mathematical papers.

Lasnier, la'ne-i', (R^Mi,) a French surgeon and
celebrated oculist, practised in Paris. He was very
successful in the treatment of cataract. Died in 1690.

Laso, (GARCIAS.) See GARCILASO.

Lasource, If'sooRss', (MARIE DAVID ALBIN, ) a
French Girondist revolutionist, born near Montpellier
in 1762. As a member of the Convention in 1792, he
strove to establish order in the republic. He was one
of the first members of the committee of public safety.
He attacked Robespierre in a speech in April, 1793,
was arrested about June I, and executed with the other
Girondist chiefs in October of that year.



Lasphrise, de, deh la'fKez', ( MARC DE Papillon
pS'pe'yoN',) SEIGNEUR, a French poet, born at Amboise
in 1555, composed many admired sonnets, songs, elegies,
and epitaphs. He was living in 1599.

Lassaigne, IS'sin', (JEAN Louis,) a French chemist,
born in Paris in 1800. He became professor of chem-
istry or pharmacy at Alfort in 1828. Among his dis-
coveries were delphine, cathartine, and phosphoric ether.
He published an " Elementary Treatise on Organic and
Inorganic Chemistry," (2 vols., 1829.) Died in 1859.

Lassala, las-sa'la, or Lasala, (MANUEL,) a Spanish
historian and poet, born at Valencia in 1729. He be-
came a Jesuit, and as such was banished in 1767, after
which he lived at Bologna. He published an "Essay
on Ancient and Modern History," (3 vols., 1755.) Died
in 1798.

Lassalle, las'sal', (FERDINAND,) a brilliant German
socialist, born at Breslau, of Jewish parents, in 1825.
He studied in Breslau and Berlin, and became known as
a Hegelian and a friend of the poet Heine. For ten
years he prosecuted the cause of the Countess Hatzfeldt
against her husband, bringing the case before thirty-six
different courts, with final success. After 1862 he began
with great zeal an agitation in behalf of the working-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 73 of 425)