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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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men. On August 28, 1864, he was killed in a duel with
a man who had married the lady to whom Lassalle was
affianced. Lassalle was a man of vast learning and
ability and of boundless ambition. His aim was a
German working-man's republic, with himself for presi-
dent. His principal works were " Die Philosophic He-
rakleitos des Dunkeln von Ephesos," (" Philosophy of
Heraclitus the Obscure," 1858, a work of great ability,
though it makes the Greek philosopher more like Hegel
than the facts will warrant,) and " System der erwor-
benen Rechte," ("System of Acquired Rights," 1861 ;)
but his numerous pamphlets are of even greater interest.
(See his " Life," by G. Brandes.)

Lassay, de, deh IS'sJ', (ARMAND LSoN DE MADAIL-
LAN DE LESPARRE,) MARQUIS, a French officer, distin-
guished for his gallantry and talents, was born in 1652.
He itas intimate with Fontenelle and Voltaire. He died
in 1738, leaving a volume entitled "Recueil de differentes
Choses," or " Memoirs of the Marquis de Lassay."

See PAULIN PARIS, " Le Marquis de Lassay et I'Hotel de Las-
say," 1848; SAINTE-BBUVE, "Causeriesdu Lundi," tome ix.

Las-sell', (WILLIAM,) F.R.S., LL.D., an English
astronomer, born at Bolton, in Lancashire, June 18, 1799.
For many years he was a brewer in Liverpool, but de-
voted all his leisure to his favourite study of astronomy.
He constructed his own telescopes, with which he dis-
covered one satellite of Neptune and two satellites of
the planet Uranus. Died October 5, 1880.

Las'sels, (RICHARD,) born in Yorkshire, England, in
1603, was converted to the Roruan Catholic religion
He wrote "Travels in Italy," (2 vols., 1670.) Died at
Montpellier in 1668.

Lassen, lis'sen, (CHRISTIAN,) a Norwegian scholar,
distinguished for his profound knowledge of the Ori-
ental languages and Indian antiquities, was born at Ber-
gen in 1800. He studied at Heidelberg and at Bonn,
where in 1840 he was appointed professor of the ancient
Indian language and literature. He rendered most im-
portant services to philology by his excellent editions of
standard works in Sanscrit, and published "Contribu-
tions to the History of the Greek and Indo-Scythian
Kings in Bactria, Cabool, and India," "Indian Antiqui-
ties," (2 vols., 1844-52,) and "The Old Persian Inscrip-
tions in the Arrow-Headed Characters," which he was
the first to decipher and explain. His " Institutiones
Linguae Pracriticae" (1837) is esteemed the best work
that has appeared on the subject of the ancient popular
dialects of India. Died May 9, 1876.

See"Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" "Foreign Quarterly Re-
view" for October, 1837.

Lassen, (EDUARD,) a musician and composer, born
at Copenhagen, April 13, 1830, but educated at Brussels,
whither he was taken when only two years of age. His
operas " Le Roi Edgar," " Frauenlob," and " Der Ge
fangene" have been fairly successful.



as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural: N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.)



LASSIS



1496



LA TIMER



Lassis, It'sess', (N.,) a French physician and writer,
born at Chatillon-sur-Loing in 1772, devoted his atten-
tion chiefly to the subject of contagion. He practised
in the army in 1812 and 1813, during the prevalence of
the typhus fever. Died in 1835.

Lasso, di, de lis'so, {ORLANDO,) [Lat. ORLAN'DUS
LAS'SUS,] sometimes called ROLAND DE LATTRE, (deh
UtR,) a famous musical composer, born at ! Ions, in Flan-
ders, in 1520. At the age of sixteen he was taken to Italy
by Gonzagn, Viceroy of Sicily. After passing a few years
in Rome and Antwerp, he was invited by the Duke of
Bavaria to Munich, whither he went in 1557 and became
mattre-dt-chaptlle. He was invited to Paris by Charles
IX. in 1574; but that king died before the arrival of
Lasso. By the number, originality, and richness of his
compositions he acquired a higher rank than any com-
poser of his time except Palestrina. Among his works
are masses, motets, magnificats, songs, and other music.
Died about 1595.

See FSTIS, " Biographic Universelle des Musiciens :" DHLMOTTB,
"Notice sur R. Delattre," 1836: MATHIRU, "Roland de Lattre,"
1838 : BURNBV, " History of Music :" F. C. KIST, " Levensgeschie-
dems van O. de Lassus, 1841.

Lasso or Lassus, von, fon lis'sos, (RUDOLF,) a mu-
sician, born at Munich, was a son of the preceding. He
was organist to the Duke of Bavaria. Died in 1625.

Lassone, Ifson', (JOSEPH MARIE FRANCOIS,) a
French physician, born at Carpenrras in 1717. Having
practised with success in Paris for many years, he became
physician to the queen in 1751. After her death he was
appointed first physician to Louis XVI. He wrote
treatises on medicine and chemistry, which were inserted
in the collections of the Academy of Sciences. Died in
1788.

See Fiux Via} D'Alvs, " Cloge de J. M. F. Lassone," 1789.

Lassus. See LASSO and LASUS.

Lassus, li'siis', (PiERRE,) a French surgeon and
writer, born in 1741, was professor of external pathology
in Paris for many years. Died in 1807.

Lasteyrie, de, deh lis'ti're', (FERDINAND,) an anti-
quary, born in Paris in 1810. lie acted with the Liberal
party in the Chamber of Deputies, (1842-48,) and with
the moderate republicans in the Assembly, (1848-50.) He
wrote a " History of Painting on Glass." Died in 1879.

Lasteyrie, de, (JULES,) a grandson of General La
Fayette, was born in 1810. He was elected a deputy in
1842 and in 1846. After the revolution of 1848 he be-
came a member of the Assembly. He was a contributor
to the " Revue des Deux Mondes." Died in 1883

Lasteyrie-Dusaillaut, de, deh ISs'tJ're' dii'zfyoN',
(CHARLES PHILIBERT,) COUNT, a French philanthro
pist and economist, the father of Ferdinand, noticed
above, was born in Correze in 1759. He wrote treatises
on agriculture and on the natural history of the sheep,
the horse, etc. Died in 1849.

Lastic, de, deh ISs'tek', (JEAN BONPAR,) a brave
French captain, born in Auvergne about 1370. He was
chosen grand master of the order of Saint John of Jem-
alem in 1437. In 1444 he defended the city of Rhodes
with success against the Sultan of Egypt Died in 1454.

See VERTOT, " Histoire de 1'Ordre de Saint Jean de Jerusalem;"
"Achievements of the Knights of Malta," by ALEXANDER SUTHHR-
I.AND, Philadelphia, 1846.

Lastman, list'man, (PiETER,) a Dutch painter and
engraver of high reputation, born at Haarlem between
1562 and 1581. He visited Rome in 1604. He was one
of the masters of Rembrandt. His son NICOLAS, born
at Haarlem in 1619, was a skilful artisL

La'sus, |Aunuc,| an eminent Greek dithyrambic poet,
born at 1 lerniione, in Argolis, flourished at Athens in the
ixth century n.c. lie is said to have been the master
of Pindar. His works are not extant. He was some-
times reckoned among the Seven Wise Men.

La Suze. See Coi.ir.Ni, (HENRIETTE.)

Latapie, IS'tS'pe', (FRANCOIS DE PAUL,) a French
botanist, born at Bordeaux in 1739; died in 1823.

Laterrade, IS'tJ'rSd', (JEAN FRANCOIS,) a French
botanist of Bordeaux, born about 1780; died in 1858.

La'tham. (|'JHN,) F.R.S., an English naturalist and
physician, born at Eltham, in Kent, in 1740. He began
to practise at Dartford in 1763, and, in the intervals of



business, pursued the study of natural history, especially
ornithology. Between 1781 and 1787 he produced his
"General Synopsis of Birds," (6 vols., with plates,) a
work of much merit In 1796 he removed to Romsey,
in Hampshire, and ceased to practise medicine. He
afterwards received the title of physician to the prince-
regent He also wrote, besides medical treatises, a " Gen-
eral History of Birds," (1821-24,) of which the figures
were drawn and engraved by his own hand. Died in

1837-

Latham, (ROBERT GORDON,) F.R.S., an eminent Eng-
lish philologist and ethnologist, born in Lincolnshire in
1812. He took the degrees of B.A. and M.D. at Cam-
bridge, where he acquired proficiency in ancient and
modern languages. In 1840 he was appointed professor
of English literature in University College, London. He
published "The English Language," (1841,) which is con-
sidered a standard book, and several English grammars,
which are extensively used in the schools. Among hij
other works are " Natural History of the Varieties of
Man," (1850,) "Man and his Migrations," (1851,) " Eth-
nology of Europe," (1852,) "Nationalities of Europe,"
(1863,) a new edition of Johnson's Dictionary, (1870,)
" Outlines of Philology," (1878,) and " Russian and Turk
from a Geographical, Ethnological, and Historical Point
of View," (1878.) Died March 9, 1888.

La'thrpp, (GEORGE PARSONS,) an American author,
born at Honolulu, in Hawaii, August 25, 1851. He was
educated in New York, and in Dresden, Saxony, and at
the law-school of Columbia College. He was assistant
editor of the "Atlantic Monthly," 1875-77, and editor
of the Boston "Courier," 1878-80. He married a
daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne. His principal works
are "A Study of Hawthorne," (1876,) "Afterglow," (a
novel, 1877,) " Spanish Vistas," (1883,) and " Newport,"
(a novel, 1884.) Died April 19, 1698.

Lathrop, (JOHN HIRAM,) an American college-presi-
dent, born at Sherburne, New York, January 22, 1799.
He graduated at Yale College in 1819, and became a
lawyer. He held various college professorships, was
chosen president of Missouri University in 1840, of Wis-
consin University in 1849, and of Indiana University in
1859. Died at Columbia, Missouri, August 2, 1866.

Lathrop. (Rev. JOSEPH,) D.D., an American Presby-
terian divine, born at Norwich, Connecticut, in 1731.
Having graduated at Yale College, he became pastor
of the Congregational church at West Springfield. He
published a collection of sermons, entitled " Wolves in
Sleep's Clothing," which obtained extensive popularity
Died in 1820.

Lat'I-mer, (ELIZABETH WORMEI.EY,) an English
writer, born at London in 1822. She published a
number of novels, including "Amabel," "Salvage,"
"A Chain of Errors," etc., also nineteenth century
histories of France, England, Italy, and other coun-
tries.

Latl-mer, (Huc.H,) a celebrated English Reformer,
distinguished for his courage, zeal, and piety, was born
in Leicestershire about 1472. Having graduated at Cam-
bridge and entered into holy orders, he gained distinction
as a zealous and eloquent preacher of the Reformed re-
ligion. He was patronized by Thomas Cromwell, who
in 1529 gave him a benefice in Wiltshire and saved him
from persecution which certain bishops raised against
him. He became chaplain to Anne Boleyn and Bishop
of Worcester in 1535. On account of the passage of the
act of six articles in 1539, he resigned his bishopric, and
was imprisoned in the Tower until the death of Henry
VIII., in 1547. He was again arrested in 1553, a""
compelled by his enemies to be present at a dispute on
transubstantiation at Oxford in 1554. In 1555 he was
burned at the stake, in company with Ridley, to whom
he said, " 3e of good cheer, brother ; we shall this day
kindle such a torch in England as I trust shall never be
extinguished."

Latimer, (WILLIAM,) an English scholar and reviver
of classical learning. He became Fellow of a college at
Oxford in 1489, and taught Greek to Erasmus, who ex-
pressed a good opinion of him. Died in 1545-



i. e, 1, 5, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, 5?, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon:



LA TINI



'497



LA TREILLE



Latiui, IS-tee'nee, (BRUNETTO,) a celebrated Italian
poet, orator, and grammarian, born at Florence about
1230. He taught philosophy and grammar in Florence,
where Dante was his pupil, and he held some of the
highest offices in the republic. He was attached to the
Guelph party. His greatest work, entitled "The Trea-
sure," (" Le Tremor,") is written in French, and consists
of extracts and translations from classic authors on his-
tory, philosophy, rhetoric, etc. He also composed " The
Little Treasure," (" II Tesoretto,") a fjoem, and a treatise
on rhetoric. Died in 1294.

See NEGRI, " Istoria degli ScriUori Fiorentini ;" TIRABOSCHI,
"Storiadella Letteratura Italiana;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'-
rale."

Latini, IS-tee'nee, or Latinio, li-tee'ne-o, (LATINO,)
[Lat, LATI'NUS LATIN'IUS,] a learned and judicious
Italian critic, was born at Viterbo in 1513. He became
a resident of Rome in 1552, and served as secretary to
several cardinals, among whom was Cardinal Colonna.
He published "Letters, Conjectures, and Observations,"
(1659,) in Latin, which treat of many points of history,
antiquity, and criticism. Died in 1593.

Latino. See LATINUS.

La-tI'nus,lGr. Aarivoc; It. LATINO, la-tee'no,] a legen-
dary king of Latium, a son of Faunus, and the father of
Lavinia, who became the wife of /Eneas. According to
some authors, he was an incarnation of Jupiter Latiaris.

See VIRGIL'S ">Eneid," book vii.

Latinus Latinius. See LATINI.

Lat'o-muB. (or It'to'miiss',) the Latin name of a Flem-
ish theologian, sometimes called JAMES MASSON, who
was born in Hainault about 1475. He was professor of
theology at Louvain, and was one of the ablest adver-
saries of Luther. He wrote several works against the
doctrines of the Reformers. Died in 1544.

Latomus, (BARTHELEMY,) a scholar, born in Luxem-
burg about 1485, became professor of eloquence in the
College Royal of Paris in 1534. He wrote notes on
Cicero, and other works. Died in 1566.

La-to'na, [Gr. \T/TU ; FT. LATONE, It'ton',] in classic
mythology, a daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe,
was the wife of Jupiter, and the mother of Apollo and
Diana. The poets relate that, persecuted by Juno, she
wandered about until she came to Delos, which was
then a floating island, but became stationary when she
touched it. Here Apollo and Diana were born. Latona
received from Niobe an affront which Apollo and Diana
severely revenged.

Latone. See LATONA.

Latouche or La Touche, de, deh li'toosh', (HvA-
CINTHE THABAUD,) a French poet and romancer, born
at La Chatre, in Berry, in 1785, was known by the name
of HENRI DE LATOUCHE. He edited the posthumous
poems of Andre Chenier about 1819. Among his best
works are the fictitious "Correspondence of Clement
XIV. and Carlin," (1827,) and several short poems.
Died in 1851.

See SAINTE-BEUVE, "Causeriesdu Lundi," tome iii. ; "Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

La Touche-Treville, de, deh li toosh tRa'vel',
(Louis REN MADELEINE LE VASSOR,) a French admiral,
born at Rochefort in 1745. He was elected to the States-
General in 1789, and became a rear-admiral in 1792. He
commanded in a naval battle against Nelson in 1801.
Died in 1804.

Latour. See TOUR, DE LA.

Latour or La Tour, li'tooR', (DOMINIQUE,) a French
physician and medical writer, born in 1749, was chief
physician to Louis Bonaparte while he was King of
Holland. Died about 1820.

Latour, (JEAN RAIMOND JACQUES AMEDBE,) a French
medical writer, born at Toulouse in 1805. He founded
in 1847 tne " Union M^dicale," a journal. Died in 1882.

Latour, de, (CAGNIARD,) BARON. See CAGNIARD.

Latour, de, deh li'tooR', (Louis ANTOINE TENANT,)
a French poet and litterateur, born in Haute-Vienne in
1808, published "Far from the Fireside," ("Loin du
Foyer," 1841,) and other poems. Died in iS8l.

Latour, de, (MAURICE QUENTIN,) an eminent French
portrait-painter, born at Saint-Quentin in 1704. He
removed to Paris about 1727, and became a fashionable



; 9asj; gftarJ; gas/; G, u,M,gnttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in //<;>.



painter of portraits in pastel. In 1750 he received the
title of painter to the king. Among his works are por-
traits of Voltaire and Rousseau. Died in 1788.

Latour.vcm, fon IS'tooR', (KARL ANTON MAXIMILIAN
BAILLET,) COUNT, an Austrian general, born in 1737.
He obtained command of the army of the Lower Rhine
in 1796. In this campaign he was opposed to Moreau,
and, in concert with the Archduke Charles, fought seve-
ral battles, in which the Austrians were worsted. He
became president of the council of war, and died in 1806.

La Tour (or Latour) d'Auvergne, de, deh It'tooR'
do'v^Rf!', (THEOPHILE MALO CORRET,) a brave officer,
surnamed " the first grenadier of France," was born at
Carhaix in 1743. He was eminent for modesty and
generosity. Having become captain about 1789, he re-
fused further promotion ; but in 1793 he became com-
mander of a division of 8000 grenadiers, which formed
the vanguard of the army of the Pyrenees and was called
"the infernal column." By the rapidity of his move-
ments he usually decided the victory before the main
body of the army reached the field of battle. Napoleon
having presented him a sabre inscribed to "the first
grenadier of France," he answered, "Among us soldiers
there is no first nor last." He was killed at the battle of
Oberhausen, in 1800. He learned many languages, and
published " Researches into the Language, Origin, and
Antiquities of the Bretons," (1792.)

See BUHOT DE KERSERS, " Histoire de La Tour d'Auvergne,"
1841 ; CALOHAR, " Notice sur La Tour d'Auvergne," 1841 ; Roux
DE ROCHELLE. "Notice sur La Tour d'Auvergne," 1800; PRIOU,
" Notice sur T. M. de La Tour d'Auvergne," 1843 ; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Generate. "

La Tour d'Auvergue. See TURENNE, and BOUIL-
LON.

Latour du Pin Gouvernet, de, deh It'tooa' du
paN goo'veVn^', (JEAN FREDERIC,) Comte de Paulin,
a French general, born at Grenoble in 1727. He was
elected in 1789 to the States-General, and was minister
of war from August, 1789, to November, 1790. He was
executed in 1794.

Latour - Maubourg, de, deh li'tooR' mo'booR',
(MARIE CHARLES CESAR FAY,) COUNT, a French gene-
ral, born in 1758. He was one of the three commis-
saries who escorted the king from Varennes to Paris in
1791, after which he was marechal-de-camp in the army
of La Fayette. He escaped with La Fayette in 1792,
and shared his long captivity in Austria. Died in
1831.

Latour - Maubourg, (MARIE VICTOR DE FAY,)
MARQUIS, a general, brother of the preceding, was born
in 1766. Having become a general of division in 1807,
he distinguished himself in Spain and Russia, and lost a
leg at Leipsic, (1813.) He was minister of war about
two years, (1820-21.) Died in 1850.

See A. SALA, "Le General de Maubourg," Paris, 1850: "Nou
velle Biographic Ge'nerale. "

La Tourette. See TOUBFTTIJ, DE LA.

Latreille, IS'tRil' or li'tR^'ye, (PIERRE ANDR<,) an
eminent French naturalist, surnamed "the Prince of
Entomology," was born at Brives (La Correze) in 1762.
While a student in the college of Cardinal Lemoine,
Paris, he gained the favour of Abbe Haiiy. In 1786 he
retired to his native province, where he spent all his
leisure in the study of insects, having adopted the pro-
fession of a priest. In consequence of the revolutionary
troubles, he abandoned that profession, and applied him-
self to his favourite science as his chief business. He
published in 1796 a treatise " On the Generic Characters
of Insects." About 1798 he was employed to arrange
insects in the Museum of Paris, in which position he
remained nearly thirty years. In 1814 he was chosen a
member of the Institute, and in 1829 he succeeded La-
marck as professor of zoology. He had published " The
Natural History of Ants," (1802,) "The Natural History
of Reptiles," (1802,) "A Memoir on the Sacred Insects
of the Egyptians," and many other works. Latreille was
the author of the entomological part of Cuvier's " Regne
Animal," and of the portion of Buffon's and Sonnini's
work which treats of Crustacea and insects. His capital
work is " The Genera of Crustacea and Insects, arranged
according to the Natural Order," (" Genera Crustaceo-



Explanations, p. 23.)



LA TREMOUILLE



1498



LAUDERDALE



rum et Insectorum secundum Ordinem naturalem dis-
posita," 4 vols., 1806-09.) Died in 1833.

La TremouiUe. See TRIMOUILLE, DE LA.

La Trimouille, de, deh 1 J tRe'mool' or li tRe'moo'ye,
(CLAUDE,) Due, a French Protestant commander, born
in 1566, was a brother-in-law of the prince Henri de
Conde. He distinguished himself at Ivry. Died in 1604.

His son HENRI, born in 1599, became a general in the
service of Louis XIII. His mother was a daughter of
William the Silent, Prince of Orange. Died in 1674.

La'tro, (M. PORCIUS,) a Latin rhetorician, born about
50 B.C., was a friend of Seneca the elder. He had a high
reputation as a declaimer, and was master of a cele-
brated school in Rome, where Ovid was his pupil. He
was called by Quintilian "imprimis clari nominis pro-
fessor." Died in 4 B.C.

Latrobe, li'trob', (BENJAMIN HENRY,) an architect,
born in England in 1763. He emigrated to America in
1795, and was employed as engineer by the State of Vir-
ginia. He was architect of the United States Bank in
Philadelphia, and of the first Hall of Representatives at
Washington. Died in 1820.

Latrobe, li-trob', (Rev. CHRISTIAN IGNATIUS,) an
English musician and composer, bom at Fulnec, Leeds,
in 1758. He took orders in the Moravian Church, and
in 1795 was appointed secretary to the Unity of the
Brethren in England. He composed sacred music, and
edited " Moravian Hymn Tunes," and " A Selection of
Sacred Music from the Works of the Most Eminent
Composers of Germany and Italy," (6 vols., 1806-25.)
Died May 6, 1836.

Latrobe, (Jonx HAZLEHURST, ) lawyer, was born
at Philadelphia in 1803, a son of Benjamin H. Latrobe.
He was admitted to the bar of Baltimore in 1825, be-
came interested in telegraphy and in railroad work,
was active in forming the colony of Liberia, and in-
vented the " Baltimore heater." He originated the
park system of Baltimore, and was the author of numer-
ous works, including fiction, travel, biography, etc.
Died September II, 1891.

Lattaignant See ATTAICNANT, DE L'.

Lattanzio. See LACTANTIUS.

Lattre. See LASSO.

Latude. See MASERS.

Laub, lowp, (FERDINAND,) an Austrian violinist, born
at Prague, January 19, 1832. He distinguished himself
at an early age, and, alter making successful tours through
the principal European cities, he established himself at
Moscow in 1866 as head professor of the violin in the
Conservatorium, and first violin at the Musikgesellscha/t.
Died March 17, 1875.

Laube, low'beh, (HEINRICH,) a German poet and lit-
tfratfur, born in Silesia in 1806. His "Tales of Travel,"
("Reisenovellen,") published in 1834, resemble those
of Heine, and are by some critics preferred to them.
Among his other productions we may cite " The Countess
Chateaubriand," a romance, (1843,) "Prinz Friedrich,"
and other dramas, and an interesting work entitled "The
First German Parliament," (3 vols., 1849.) Died at
Vienna, August I, 1884.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'nu'e."

L'Aubespine. See AUBESPINE, DE L'.

Laud, lawd, (WILLIAM,) a celebrated Archbishop of
Canterbury, was born at Reading, in Berkshire, in 1573,
and was educated at Oxford. He became one of the chap-
lains of the king about 1615, Bishop of Saint David's in
1621, and Bishop of Bath and Wells in 1626. After the
accession of Charles I. he rose rapidly into great influ-
ence at court In 1628 he was translated to the see of
London, and became the chief minister or favourite of
the king. He took part in the persecution of the Puri-
tans, and was unjustly suspected of a bias in favour
of popery. In 1633 he was appointed Archbishop of
Canterbury. "Of all the prelates of the Anglican
Church," says Macaulay, "Laud had departed farthesi
from the principles of the Reformation and had drawn
nearest to Rome." "Of all men then living," says Gar-
diner, "he [Laud] was the least fitted to be intrusted



with political power. . . . His thorough belief in the
unbounded efficacy of external forms and institutions,
combined with his complete ignorance of human nature,
would be sufficient to goad to madness any nation which
might be subjected to his control." (" History of Eng-
land from 1603 to 1616," vol. ii. chap. x. p. 41.) In 1640
he was impeached by the Commons and committed to
the Tower. After he had been tried for treason, without
obtaining a judicial sentence, the Commons passed an
illegal and unjust ordinance for his execution, and he
was beheaded in 1645. "His zeal was unrelenting,"
says Hume, "in the cause of religion, that is, in im-
posing by rigorous measures his own tenets and pious
ceremonies on the obstinate Puritans, who had profanely
dared to oppose him." Laud had many noble qualities
of head and heart ; but his great fault (and that of his
times) was the non-recognition of the right of private
judgment in a commonwealth nominally free. But in
his time not one writer or other authority, great or
obscure, seems to have recognized any such popular
right.

See "Life of Laud," by PRYNNE, 1644, HEYLIN, 1671, LAWSON,
1829, BAINES, 1855; WHARTON, "Troubles and Trial of W. Laud,


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 74 of 425)