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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Leblond or Le Blond, (GASPARD MICHEL,) a French
antiquary and ecclesiastic, born at Caen in 1738, lived
in Paris. He was keeper of the Mazarin Library, and
a member of the Institute, and wrote several treatises
on medals. Died in 1809.

Leblond, ( GUILLAUME, ) a French mathematician,
born in Paris M 1704. He was selected in 1751 by Louis
XV. to teach mathematics to the princes-royal. He
published " Elements of Fortification," " Elements of
Tactics," and other works. Died in 1781.

Leblond, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French naturalist, born
at Toulongeon in 1747. He travelled in South America
many years between 1767 and 1802, and published
"Travels in the Antilles and South America," (1813.)
Died in 1815.

Lebceuf, leh-buf, (EDMOND,) a marshal of France,
born at Paris, November 5, 1809. He served in Al-
geria, in the Crimea, and in Italy, and became war-min-
ister in 1869, and a marshal in 1870. He was one of
the persons directly responsible for the Franco-German
war of 1870-71, and was both war-minister and chief of
staff in the earlier part of that war. As a corps-com-
mander under Bazaine, he behaved with great gallantry.
Died in 1888.

Lebon or Le Bon, leh-b6N', QEAN,) a French medi-
cal writer, born in Champagne, was physician to Charles
IX. He published numerous works, (1554-76.)

Lebon, (JOSEPH,) a French revolutionist, who ren-
dered his name infamous by his cruelties, was born a f
Arras in 1765. He became a partisan of Robespierre
and a member of the Convention in 1793. He was
executed in 1795.

Lebon, (PHILIPPE,) a French chemist and engineer,
born near Joinville in 1769. He is said to have invented
the use of gas for illumination. Died in 1804.

Lebossu, leh-bo'sii', (REN*,) a French writer, born
in Paris in 1631. He joined the canons-regular of Saint
Genevieve in 1649, and taught the humanities in various
schools. He published a " Treatise on Epic Poetry,"
(l675.) which was praised by Boileau as one of the best
works on poetry that have appeared in the language.
Died in 1680.

Le Boucq, leh book, (SiMON,) a French antiquary,
born at Valenciennes in 1591. He wrote on the history
and antiquities of Valenciennes. Died in 1657.

Le Bouvier, leh-boo've-i', (GiLLES,) a French chroni-
cler, born at Bourges in~"i386, wrote a " History of
Charles VII. of France." Died about 1460.

Lebret, IS'bRe't or l;h-bR^', (JoHANN FRIEDRICH,)
born in Wiirtemberg in 1732, wrote a " History of Ger-
many," (1772,) and other works. Died in 1807.

Lebreton or Le Breton, leh-bReh-toN', (ANDR*
FRANCOIS,) a French bookseller, born in Paris in 1708.
He was the publisher of Diderot's "Encyclopedic,'
commenced in 1751, and took the liberty to suppress
or modify furtively some passages which were offensive
to the court and clergy. Diderot was extremely angry
when he detected the fact. Died in 1779.

Lebreton, (JOACHIM,) a French littirateur, born in
Bretagne in 1760; died at Rio Janeiro in 1819.

Lebreton, (THEODORE,) a French poet, born at Rouen

vrier," 1837.) Died December 12, 1883.


Lebrun or Le Bran, leh-briiN', (ANNE CHARLES,)
Duke of Piacenza, (Plaisance,) a French general, born in
Paris in 1775, was the eldest son of the statesman C. V.
Lebrun. He was aide-de-camp of Desaix at Marengo,
(1800,) distinguished himself at Jena, (1806,) and became
a general of brigade in 1807. He was an aide to Napo-
leon at Eylau and Wagram in 1809, and was made a
general of division in 1812. During the Hundred Days
he took the field for Napoleon. He inherited the title

eas/f; 9 as*; gharJ; gasy; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in this. (^ = See Explanations, p. 23.)




of duke in 1824. In 1852 he was appointed a senator.

Died in 1859.

See " Biographic des Membres du Senat, 1853.

Lebrun or Le Brim, (ANTOINE Louis,) a French
poet, born in Paris in 1680, wrote verses in Latin and
French. Among his best works is a collection of fables,
(1722.) Voltaire imputed to Lebrun the authorship
of the satire for which the former was confined in the
Bastille. Died in 1743.

Lebrun or Le Brun, (CHARLES,) a celebrated French
painter, born in Paris in March, 1619. He was a pupil
of Vouet in Paris, and afterwards studied six years with
Poussin at Rome. In 1648 he was admitted into the
Academy of Painting, and, having acquired a high repu-
tation he became first painter to Louis XIV. in or before
1662. He displayed his genius as a painter, and his ex-
traordinary powers of invention, in a series of pictures of
the battles of Alexander the Great, which are among his
most admired productions. " The Family of Darius" is
called his master-piece. He was appointed president
of the Royal Academy and director of the Gobelin
manufactory, and exercised a sort of dictatorship m
the arts for many years. He published a " Treatise on
Physiognomy." Died in 1690.

See F*LIBIEN, "Vies des Peintres;" CHARLES BLANC, " Hi-
toire des Peintres;" BAYLB, "Historical and Critical Dictionary."

Lebrun or Le Brun, (CHARLES FRANCOIS,) Duke of
Piacenza, a French statesman and author, born in Nor-
mandy in 1739. He was versed in ancient and modern
languages. He composed many discourses and edicts
for his patron Maupeou during his contest with the par-
liaments. In 1776 he published an esteemed version
of Homer's " Iliad." Elected to the States-General in
1789, he acted with the moderate friends of reform.
Lebrun became one of the ablest members of the Coun-
cil of Elders in 1796, and was appointed Third Consul
by Bonaparte in 1799. He enjoyed the confidence of
the First Consul, (who afterwards designated him as one
of the best writers of France, and a man of strict probity.]
He was appointed chief treasurer in 1804, and made Duke
of Piacenza (Plaisance) in 1808. In 1810 he was chosen
Viceroy or Lieutenant-General of Holland, the throne of
which Louis Bonaparte had just resigned. The Dutch
were pleased with his modest temper and methodical
habits. From 1811 to 1813 inclusive he was Governor-
General of Holland. He published an admired version
of Tasso's "Jerusalem Delivered," and other works.
Died in 1824.


Lebrun, (UENis,) a French jurist, became an advo
cate in the Parliament of Paris in 1659 ; died in 1706.

Lebrun, leh-bruN', (FRANCESCA, tut DANZI,) a Ger
man vocalist, born in Mannheim in 1756. As early as
1772 she was engaged in opera at Mannheim, and she
subsequently made the tour of the principal European
cities, achieving everywhere a brilliant success. Died ai
Berlin, May 14, 1791.

Lebrun, (JEAN BAPTISTE PIERRE,) a French picture
dealer, critic, and amateur, born in Paris in 1748. He is
said to have been the best connoisseur of paintings it
Europe. His wife, in her " Souvenirs," says he ruinec
her fortune by his passion for gaming and other vices
They lived separately many years. Died in 1813. He
published a " Gallery of Flemish, Dutch, and German
Painters," containing two hundred plates.

Lebrun, leh-bruN', (KARL AUGUST,) born at Halber
stadt, in Germany, in 1 792, acquired celebrity as an actor
and wrote several successful dramas. Died in 1842.

Vigee ve'zhi',) a French lady, eminent for her beaur
and her skill as a portrait-painter, was born in 1755. In
1776 she was married to J. B. P. Lebrun, a painter am
dealer in pictures. She became a fashionable artist, am
was welcomed in aristocratic society as an accomplishe<
woman. Between 1779 and 1789 she painted severa
portraits of Marie Antoinette. Her soirees were throngec
with people of rank and celebrity. Alter her return tc
Paris, in 1801, she painted Lord Byron, Madame de Stael

tc. In 1835 she published well-written "Souvenirs"
f her life. The number of her portraits is over sii
undred. Died in 1842.
See the " Foreign Quarterly Review" for October. 1837.

Lebrun, ( PIERRE, ) a French theologian, born at
5rignolles in 1661, was professor in several colleges.
ie wrote, among other works, a "Critical History ol
iuperstitious Practices which have seduced the People,"
1702.) Died in 1729.

Lebrun, (PIERRE,) a French lawyer, born at Mon'-
>ellier in 1761. He wrote agreeable verses, and was
he author of the version of Horace's " Ars Poetica"
iublished by Count Daru, who was his brother-in-law.
)ied in 1810.
Lebruu, (PIERRE ANTOINE,) a popular French lyric

and dramatic poet, bjrn in Paris in 1785. In 1805 he
eceived a pension for his " Ode to the Grand Army."
-lis tragedy " Ulysses" was received with favour in 1814.

After the restoration he produced " Joan of Arc" and
ither odes, and a poem on the death of Napoleon,

,1821,) which was much admired. His drama " Marie
Jtuart" (1820) had a great success, and is called his

capital work. In 1828 he was elected to the French

Academy in place of Fran9ois de Neufchateau. Frorc
831 to 1848 he was director of the royal printing-estab-
ishment, and in 1839 he was admitted to the Chamber

of Peers. He became a senator in 1853, and a grand

officer of the legion of honour in 1868. Died May 37,


French Girondist, born at Noyon in 1763. He was ap-
jointed minister of foreign affairs in August, 1792, and
was executed in 1793.

Lebrun, ( PONCE DENIS ECOUCHARD, ) a popular
French lyric poet, born in Paris in 1729, was called LE-
BRUN PINDARE, (paN'dtR',) or the French Pindar. In
early life he began a poem on Nature, which was never
inished. He composed a number of beautiful odes
Before the Revolution, and during the Republic favoured
the popular cause. He was patronized by the Conven-
tion, and afterwards by Napoleon, who in 1801 granted
dim a pension of 6000 francs. In 1803 he produced a
National Ode on the prospective invasion of England.
"Although he exctlled in epigram," says Marie J. Che-
nier, "and though he displayed remarkable beauties in
poems which he left unfinished, he will owe chiefly to
his odes his durable reputation, and will pass to pos-
terity as one of the three great French lyric poets."*
La Harpe judged him less favourably. He was a member
of the Institute. Died in 1807.

Lebrun de Charmettes, leh-bRu.N' d?h shiR'meY,
(PHILIPPE ALEXANDRE,) a French poet and historian,
born at Bordeaux in 1785. Among his works are a
"History of Joan of Arc," (4 vols., 1817.) and "L'Orle'-
anide," a poem, (2 vols., 1819.)

Lecamus. See CAMUS, LE, (ANTOINE and ETIENNE.)

Lecanu, l?h-kS'nii', (Louis RENK,) a French chemist,
born in 1800, published numerous works. Died 1871.

Lecat, l?h'ka", (CLAUDE NICOLAS,) an eminent French
surgeon, born in Picardy in 1700. He settled about 1733
at Rouen, where he lectured on anatomy and practised
with success. In 1744 he founded a Royal Academy at
Riuen. He was a skilful lithotomist, and published
several treatises on that branch of surgery. He wrote a
"Treatise on the Senses," (1740,) and other professional
works. Died in 1768.

See L. A. VALENTIN. " filoge de Lecat," 1769: MONFALCON, in
the "Biographic MMicale:" HALLKR, " Bibhotheca Chinirgica ;'
"Nouvelle Biographic Gene"rale."

Lecchi. lek'kee, (GIOVANNI ANTONIO,) an Italian
mathematician, born at Milan in 1702. He obtained in
1739 the chair of mathematics in Pavla, where he taught
with great success for twenty years. He was afterwards
appointed by Maria Theresa mathematician of the court
at Vienna. He published, besides other works, "Ele-
ments of Geometry," (i 753,) a " Theory of Light, including
Optics," (1759,) and a "Treatise on Hydrostatics," (1765.)
Died in 1776.

See TIPALDO, " Biografia degli Italian! Ulustri,"

J. B. Rousseau and Malherbe being the other two.

a, e, i, 6, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; mfet; not; g6T>d, moon:


1 S9


Lecene, Ieh-s4n', (CHARLES,) a learned French Prot-
estant theologian, born at Caen about 1647. He retired
to Holland in 1685, and afterwards to London, where
he attempted to found an Arminian church, but failed,
because he was suspected of holding Socinian views.
He made a French translation of the Bible, (1741,)
which deviates too much from the literal sense, and
wrote several works on theology. Died in London in 1703.

Lechevalier ur Le Chevalier, leh sheh-vS'le-4',
(JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French traveller and savant, born
near Coutances in 1752. In 1784 he went to the Levant
as secretary of Choiseul-Gouffler, ambassador to the
Ottoman Porte, and made diligent researches in the
plain of Troy, which attest the accuracy of Homer's
descriptions. He published his " Voyage de la Troade,"
(1798 or 1800,) and a "Voyage to the Propontis and the
Euxine," (1800.) Died July 2, 1836.

philosopher, born near Dublin, March 26, 1838. He
graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, in 1859. He pub-
lished in 1865 a "History of the Rise and Influence of
the Spirit of Rationalism in Europe," (London, 2 vols.)
"We closed them," says the "Edinburgh Review,"
(April, 1865,) "with the conviction that Mr. Lecky is
one of the most accomplished writers and one of the
most ingenious thinkers of the time." He also wrote
a " History of European Morals, from Augustus to
Charlemagne," (1869,) "The Leaders of Public Opinion
in Ireland," (1861,; "History of England in the
Eighteenth Century, (1878-90, new ed., 12 vols.,
1892,) "Poems," (1891,) "Democracy and Lib-
erty," (1896.) He was elected to Parliament for
Dublin University in 1895, and was made a privy
councillor in 1897.

Le Glair, leh-kleV, (JEAN MARIE,) a French violinist
and composer, born at Lyons in 1697. He began life as
a ballet-master, but was induced by the famous Somis
to take u-p the violin, and his compositions for that in-
strument enjoy a high reputation. He was assassinated
at Paris, October 22, 1764.

Le Clear, (THOMAS,) an American portrait-painter,
born in Oswego county, New York, March n, 1818.
He was chosen to the National Academy in 1863. Died
at Rutherford Park, New Jersey, November 26, 1882.

Leclerc or Le Clerc, leh-klaiR', (DANIEL,) a Swiss
physician, born at Geneva in 1652, was a brother of
Jean the eminent critic. He practised with distinction
in Geneva, became a counsellor of the republic, and
published, besides some other works, a "Complete
Surgery," (1695,) and a "History of Medicine," (1696,)
which was translated into English. Died in 1728.

Leclerc, (DAVID,) a skilful Swiss portrait-painter,
born at Berne in 1680, worked many years in Frankfort,
and painted portraits in oil and miniature of numerous
German princes. Died in 1738.

Leolerc, leh-klaiR', (GABRIEL,) a French physician,
practised in Paris. He became physician-in-ordinary to
Louis XIV., and published between 1694 and 1706 several
professional works, one of which is entitled " Convenient
Medicine," ("La Medecine aisee.")

Leclerc, [Lat. CLER'ICUS,] (JEAN,) an eminent Swiss
critic and divine, born at Geneva in 1657. He became
a champion of Arminianism, and removed to Holland in
1683. After preaching for a short time in the church of
the Remonstrants in Amsterdam, he obtained in that city
the chair of philosophy and Hebrew, which he retained
until his death. In 1686 he commenced the "Biblio-
theque Universelle," the first of those three celebrated
series of reviews to which he owes much of his fame,
and which was issued monthly until 1693. It was fol-
lowed by the " Bibliotheque Choisie," (1703-13,) and the
" Bibliotheque ancienne et moderne," (1714-27.) "These
journals," says Hallam, "enjoyed an extraordinary in-
fluence over Europe, and deserved to enjoy it ... He
is generally temperate and judicious, and displays a very
extensive erudition." ("Introduction to the Literature
of Europe.") He published many other valuable works,
among which are "Ars Critica," (2 vols., 1696,) "Par-
rhasiana," (2 vols., 1699-1701,) and a "Commentary on
the Bible." Died in 1736.

Leclerc, (JEAN BAPTISTK,) a French legislator and
writer, born at Angers in 1756. He was a member of
the Convention, (1792-95,) and of the Council of Five
Hundred, (1795-99.) He wrote "Pastoral Poems,"
(1786,) and other literary works. Died in 1826

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Leclerc, (JEAN Louis.) See BUFFON.

Leclerc, (JOSEPH VICTOR,) a French classical scholar,
was born in Paris in 1789. He obtained the chair of Latin
eloquence at the Faculty of Letters in 1824, and was ad-
mitted into the Academy of Inscriptions in 1834. He
published, besides some original works, "The Thoughts
of Plato," in Greek and French, (1818,) and "The Com-
plete Works of Cicero," with a French version, (30 vols.,
1821-25.) Died November 12, 1865.

Leclerc, (LAURENT,) a French priest, born in Paris in
1677, was a son of Srtastien Leclerc the engraver. He
published, besides other works, "A Critical Letter on
Bayle's Dictionary." Died in 1736.

Leclerc, (MICHEL,) a French poet and advocate,
born at Albi in 1622. His principal work is "Virginia
the Roman Girl," (" Virginie Romaine," a tragedy,
1645.) He was a member of the French Academy.
Died in 1691.


Leclerc, (OSCAR,) known as Leclerc Thoiiin, an
agriculturist, born in Paris in 1798, was a son of Jean
Baptiste, noticed above, and a nephew of Andre^ Thoiiin.
He published treatises on agriculture. Died in 1845.

Leclerc, (SEBASTIEN,) a skilful French designer and
engraver, born at Metz in 1637, removed to Paris in
1665. In 1672 he was chosen professor of perspective
in the Academy of Painting. His works were nearly
all designed by himself. Louis XIV. appointed him
engraver of his cabinet and professor in the ficole des
Gobelins. Leclerc published a "System of Vision,"
("Systeme sur la Vision," 1679,) and an esteemed treat-
ise on Architecture, (1714.) Died in 1714.

See VALLEMONT, " liloge de M. Leclerc Dessinateur," etc., 1715 ;
QURAKD, "La France LitteYaire."

Leclerc or Le Clerc, (SEBASTIEN,) a good his-
torical painter, born in Paris about 1684, was a son of
the preceding. He was chosen a member of the Royal
Academy about 1704. Died about 1765.

Leclerc or Le Clerc, (VICTOR EMMANUEL,) a French
general, born at Pontoise in 1772. He served at the
siege of Toulon, ( 1 793,) where he formed a friendship with
Bonaparte, and distinguished himself in the Italian cam-
paign of 1796. He followed Bonaparte to Egypt in 1798,
and promoted the success of the coup d'itat of :8th Bru-
maire, 1799. Soon after this event he married Pauline
Bonaparte, with the consent of her brother, the First
Consul, who in 1801 gave him command of a large
armament (35,000 men) sent to subjugate the revolted
negroes of Hayti. He obtained some successes, and
sent Toussaint L'Ouverture as a captive to France ; but
his army was wasted by the yellow fever, of which he
died in November, 1802.

See THIERS, "History of the French Revolution," and "His-
tory of the Consulate and the Empire;" "Nouvelle Biographia

Leclerc dea Essarts, leh-klaiR' d& zJ'sjR', (Louis
NICOLAS MARIN,) a French general, brother of the pre-
ceding, was born at Pontoise in 1770. For his services
at Eckmuhl, Wagram, etc., in 1809, he received the title
of count. He commanded a division in Russia in 1812,
where he distinguished himself by his courage and skill.
Died in 1820.

See "Nouvelle Biographic GiSne'rale."

Leclercq or Le Clercq, leh-kliRk', (CHRETIEN,) a
French missionary, born in Artois about 1630. In 1655
he was sent to Canada, where he laboured many years.
After his return to France he published "The History
of the French Colonies in New France, and of Lasalle's
Expedition to Explore the Mississippi," (1691.)

Leclerq, (MICHEL THEODORE,) a French dramatist,
born in Paris in 1777. He published " Dramatic Pro-
verbs," (4 vols., 1823-26,) which were very popular.
Died in 1851.

Lecluae or L'ficluse, de, deh la'kliiz', written also

e as k; c as s: g hard: g as/; G, H, K,giittiiral; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. \ JtJf'See Explanations, p. 23.)




Lliscluse, (CHARLES,) [Lat. CAR'OLUS CLU'SIUS,] a
savant, who made important contributions to the science
of botany, was born at Arras in 1526. He studied at
Louvain, Wittenberg, and Montpellier. At the last-named
place he graduated as physician in 1555. After travelling
many years in France, Spain, etc., for botanical informa-
tion, he was director of the emperor's garden at Vienna
from 1573 to 1587. He published, in Latin, a "Descrip-
tion of the Rare Plants of Spain," (1576,) and a "De-
scription of the Rare Plants of Austria," (1583,) both of
which were afterwards united in his " Rariorum Plan-
tarum Historia," ("History of the Rarer Plants," 1601,)
with figures. In 1593 he became professor of botany at
Leyden, where he died in 1609. He was endowed with
a great memory and a rare sagacity, and excelled in
description. He left a work on foreign animals and
plants, entitled " Exoticorum Libri Decem, quibus Ani-
malium, Plantarum, Aromatumque Historian describun-
tur," (1605.)

See HALLKR, " Bibliotheca Botanica ;" NIC^RON, " Me"moires;"
CLOY, " Dictionnaire de la Me'decine;" MORKBH, "A la Me'moire
de C. de L'Esduse, un des Peres de la Botanique," etc., Liege, 1853.

Lecluse, de, (FLEURY,) a French Hellenist, born in
Paris in 1774. Among his works is a " History of Greek
and Latin Literature," (2 vols., 1837.) Died in 1845.

Lecocq, leh-kok', (ALEXANDRE CHARLES,) a French
musical composer, born in Paris, June 3, 1832. In 1857
he entered a competition to produce the music for an
operetta, " Le Docteur Miracle," and was bracketed
with Bizet. Other operettas followed ; but his first
real success was gained in 1868 with " Fleur de The."
Since that time he has been one of the favourite French
composers of light, gay, and brilliant music, and has
produced a number of comic operas, the best known
of which are " La Fille de Madame Angot," (1872,)
"Girofle-Girofla," (1874,) and " L'Egyptienne,"

Lecointe. See COINTE, LE.

Lecointe-Fuiraveau, leh-kwaNt/ pu-e'rj'vo', (MI-
CHEL MATHIEU,) a French legislator, born at Saint-
Maixent about 1750, was an active member of the Con-
vention, (1792-95.) Died in 1825.

Leoointre, leh-kwaNtR', (LAURENT,) a French regi-
cide. He voted for the death of the king in the Con-
vention, and instigated the execution of the queen.
Died in 1805.

Lecomtc or Le Comte, leh-kiNt', (FSLIX.) a French
sculptor, born in Paris in 1737, was a pupil of Falconet.
He was received as Academician in 1771. By order of
the king, he executed statues of Fenelon and Rollin.
He is classed in the second rank of French sculptors.
Died in 1817.

Lecomte, (JULES,) an able French litterateur, born at
Boulogne-sur-Mer in 1814. He edited several journals,
and published "Letters on French Authors," (1837,) a
"History of the Revolution of 1848," (1850,) and "The
English Pontoons," (" Les Pontons Anglais," a maritime
novel, 5 vols., 1850-52.) Died in 1864.

Leconte, leh-k6Nt', [Lat CON'TIUS,] (ANTOINE,) a
French jurist, born at Noyon, was a cousin-german of
Calvin, but an opponent of his doctrines. He lectured
on law at Orleans and Bourges, and left several legal
works. Died in 1586.

Le Conte, le-kont, (JoHN,) an American naturalist,
and officer in the corps of United States engineers, was
born near Shrewsbury, New Jersey, in 1784. He pub-
lished " Descriptions of the Species of North American
Tortoises," " Monographs of the North American Spe-
cies of Utricularia," etc., and other works. Died in 1861.

Leconte, (!OHN L.,) M.D., a son of the preceding,
born in New York in 1825, was a distinguished entomol-
ogist He published numerous treatises, etc., on ento-
mology, among which is one " On the Classification of the
Carabidae of the United States." Died Nov. 15, 1883.

Leconte, (JOHN,) M.D., an American naturalist
and physician, born in Liberty county, Georgia, in
1818. He became in 1856 professor of natural and
mechanical philosophy in South Carolina College, in
1 869 professor in the University of California, in 1876

acting president, and in 1881 full president oi that
university. He was elected to the National Academy
of Sciences in 1876. Died in 1891.

Leconte, (JOSEPH,) M.D., brother of the pre-
ceding, was born in Liberty county, Georgia, in 1823.
From 1856 to 1869 he was professor of chemistry and
geology in South Carolina College, and in 1869 he be-
came professor of geology and natural history in the
University of California. Besides several works on
education and the fine arts, he wrote " The Mutual
Relations of Religion and Science," (1874,) "Ele-

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 78 of 425)