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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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in 1847.

Leonhard, von, fon la'on-haRf, (KARL CAESAR,) an
eminent German geologist, born near Hanau in 1779.
He studied at Gbttingen, and in 1818 was appointed
professor of geology at Heidelberg. Among his numerous
works we may name his "Topographical Mineralogy,"
(3 vols., 1805-09,) and "Geology, or Natural History of
the Earth," (8 vols., 1836-45,) which have been trans-
lated into English, French, and Dutch. Died in 1862.

Leonhardi, 14-on-haR'dee, (JpHANN GOTTFRIED,) a
German physician, born at Leipsic in 1746. He became
physician to the Elector of Saxony. Died in 1823.

Leonhardt, la'on-haRt, (GERHARD ADOLPH \VIL-
HELM,) a German jurist, born at Neustadt, Hanover, June
6, 1815. He studied at Gottingen and Berlin, and was
made minister of justice for Hanover in 1865, and chief
justice of Hanover (under the Prussian rigimt) in 1867.
Soon after this he was made minister of justice for Prus-
sia. As head of the committee on justice in the council
of the federal empire, he made a new criminal code foi
Germany. Died at Hanover, May 7, 1880.

Leoni, li-o'nee, (GlACOMO,) a Venetian architect, who
removed to England. Died about 1746.

Leoni, ( LEONE,) a skilful sculptor and engraver of
medals, born at Arezzo, in Tuscany. He was patronized
by Charles V., for whom he worked at Brussels and
Madrid. He made marble statues of Charles and his
empress, and a colossal bronze statue of the former at
Madrid. Died about 1592. His son POMPEIO was also
skilful in the same arts, and was enriched by the favours
of Philip II. of Spain. Pompeio died at Milan in 1660.

See CICOGNARA, "Storia della Scultura."

Leoni, (LuiGl,) an Italian painter, sculptor, and en-
graver, surnamed PADOVANO, was born at Padua in



a, e, 1, 5, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 8, u, J, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fall, fit; met; nftt; good; moon.



LEONI



'5*9



LEOPOLD



1531. He practised his three arts at Rome with nearly
equal success. His paintings are landscapes and his-
torical pieces. Died in 1606.

Leoni, (OTTAVIO,) surnamed IL PADOVANO or PADO-
VANINO, the son and pupil of the preceding, was born in
Rome about 1576, and became one of the most famous
portrait-painters of his time. He was chosen principal
~>l the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome. Died about 1630.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Leoniceno, la-o-ne-cha'no, [LaLLEONiCE'NUS,](Nic-
coi.6,) an eminent Italian physician, born at Lonigo, in
the Vicentine, in 1428. He was professor of medicine
or philosophy at Ferrara, and gained a high reputation
by his writings. He was the first who translated Galen's
work into Latin. Among his works is a treatise "On
Syphilis," ("De Morbo Gallico," 1497.) Died in 1524.

Leonicenus. See LEONICENO.

Le-on-I-ce'nus Om-nl-bo'nus, [It. OGNIBU6NO DI
LONIGO, on-ye-boo-o'no de Io-nee'go,] an eminent Ital-
ian grammarian, born at Lonigo about 1420. He lived
in Venice, where it is supposed he taught rhetoric. He
published a Latin "Treatise on Grammar," (1473,) and
Commentaries on Lucan, Cicero, and other classics.

Le-onl-das, [ Aeuviiaf, ] a heroic king of Sparta,
renowned for his invincible courage, patriotic devotion,
and noble and tragical end, was the son of Anaxandrides.
He succeeded his brother, Cleomenes I., in 492 B.C. When
Xerxes invaded Greece with his countless myriads, in
480, the Greek Congress resolved to defend the pass of
Thermopylae, and Leonidas commanded the small band
to which that task was confided. With about 4000 men,
he resisted the Persian army for several days, until a
treacherous Greek guided 10,000 of the enemy through
a secret path over the mountain. Leonidas, perceiving
that his position was turned, dismissed all his men ex-
cept 300 Spartans and about 1000 other Greeks. The
Spartans maintained their post until they were all slain.
The Persians are said to have lost there 20,000 men. The
monument raised on the grave of the Spartans bore this
inscription : "Go, traveller, and tell at Lacedasmon that
we fell here in obedience to her laws." He left a son,
Pleistarchus, who became king.

See HERODOTUS, books v. and Tii. ; GROTE, " History of Greece. "

Leonidas IL, King of Sparta, the son of Cleonymus,
ascended the throne in 256 B.C. He factiously opposed
the reforms of Agis IV., his colleague, who wished to
restore the regulations of Lycurgus. After having been
deposed for a short time, he regained his power in 240,
and procured the death of Agis. In 236 B.C. he died,
and was succeeded by his son, Cleomenes III.

Leonidas OF TARENTUM, a Greek poet, born at
Tarentum, flourished about 275 B.C. He wrote about
one hundred epigrams, which are preserved in the Greek
Anthology and are much admired.

See FABRICIUS, "Bibliotheca Gneca."

Leonio, li-o'ne-o, (VlNCENZO,) an Italian poet, born
at Spoleto in 1650. He was one of the founders of the
Academy of Arcades, and contributed by his precepts
and example to reform Italian poetry. Died in 1720.

Leonrjat. See LEONNATUS.

Le-on-na'tUB or Le-o-na'tua, [Gr. Aeowarof ; Fr.
LEONNAT, la'o'nf',] a Macedonian general of Pella, ac-
companied Alexander the Great in his invasion of Persia
in 334 B.C. He was one of the officers employed about
that king's person and on occasions requiring entire
confidence. In the attack on Malli the life of Alexander
was saved by the personal bravery of Leonnatus and
Peucestas. At the death of his chief he obtained the
satrapy of Phrygia Minor, and was soon urged by An-
tipater to aid him against the revolted Greeks. For
this purpose he marched with an army into Thessaly,
where he was killed in battle in 322 B.C.

Leono'wens, (ANNA HARIETTE CRAWFORD,) an
author, born at Caernarvon, Wales, in 1834. She
married Thomas Leonowens, who died in India, and
was afterwards governess in the family of the King of
Siam 1863-67. Subsequently she founded a school
for the training of kindergarten teachers in New York.
She published " An English Governess at the Court
of Siam," " Romance of the Harem," etc.



Le-on-tl'a-<3e, [Gr. Afoi/TiMijr.J a leader of the oil
garchical party which, aided by the Spartan army, ob-
tained the mastery at Thebes about 382 B.C. He was
killed in his own house by Pelopidas in 379 B.C.

Leontief or Leontiew, la-on'te-e'f', (ALEXIS LEON-
TIEVITCH,) a Russian savant, who obtained in 1779 the
title of aulic councillor, and held other high offices. He
was deeply versed in the Chinese literature, and trans-
lated into Russian several Chinese works on history,
geography, etc. Died in 1786.

Leontium, Ie-on'she-um, [Gr. Aeotwtov,] an Athenian
courtesan, the disciple and mistress of Epicurus. She
acquired some distinction as a philosopher, and com
posed in answer to Theophrastus a work on philosophy,
the style of which is praised by Cicero as written "scito
quidem sermone et Attico."* Among her various lovers
was Metrodorus, the disciple and intimate friend of Epi-
curus.

Leontiua, le-on'she-us, [Gr. AEOVTOJC; Fr. LEONCE,
la'dNss',] Emperor of tEe East, was born about 650 A.D.
He became a general, and gained several victories. In
605 A.D. he rebelled against Justinian II., and usurped
the throne. He was deposed by Apsimerus in 698,
and in 705 A.D. was put to death by Justinian, who had
recovered his power.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."

Leontius OF BYZANTIUM, called SCHOLAS'TICUS, an
ecclesiastical writer, lived about the end of the sixth
century. He wrote " De Sectis," and other works.

Leontius Pilatua. See LEO PILATUS.

Leopardi, li-o-paR'dee, (ALESSANDRO,) an excellent
Italian sculptor and architect, born at Venice. Among
his works are the mausoleum of Doge Andrea Vendra-
mini, (Venice,) and the three bronze columns in the
Piazza di San Marco, on which the standards of the re-
public were suspended. The elegance and proportions
of these are equally admirable. Died in 1515.

See CICOGNARA, "Storia della Scultura;" Ticozzi, " Dizionario."

Leopardi, (GiACOMO,) COUNT, an eminent Italian
poet and philologist, born at Recanati, in the Papal
States, in June, 1798. Between 1818 and 1820 he won a
place among the first lyric poets of Italy by canzoni "To
Italy," and "On the Monument which Florence was
about to erect to Dante." In 1822 he removed to
Rome, where he produced an excellent criticism on the
publication of the "Chronicon" of Eusebius by Mai
and Zohrab, (1823.) His poems, published collectively
under the title of "Canti," (1831,) contain passages of
great eloquence and pathos. His prose essays, " Operette
morali, " (1827,) are esteemed among the finest models of
Italian prose which the present century has produced.
Died in Naples in 1837. " We believe," says the " Quar-
terly Review" for April, 1850, "it may be said without
exaggeration that he was one of the most extraordinary
men whom this century has produced, both in his powers
and likewise in his performances, achieved as they were
under singular disadvantages. For not only did he die
at thirty-eight, almost ntl mezzo del cammin di nostra
vita, but likewise ' Heaven's unimpeached decrees,' in
his case, nearly

1 Made that shortened span one long disease. '
With a life thus limited, . . . Count Giacomo Leopardi
amassed great stores of deep and varied learning, proved
nimself to be possessed of profound literary judgment,
exquisite taste, and a powerful imagination, and earned
in his own country the character summed up in the words
of one of his editors, as sommo filologo, sommo peeta i
;ommo filosofo." Leopardi sympathized with the efforts
to liberate Italy from foreign domination.

See MONTANARI, " Biografia del Conte Leopardi," 1838 ; SAINTB-
BBUVE, " Portraits contemporains,"tomeiii. ; " Nouvelle Biographic-
Ge"ne>ale;" "Encyclopedia Britannica;" " Eraser's Magazine" for
December, 1848.

Le'o-pold [It. LEOPOLDO, la-o-pol'do] L, often called
Leopold the Great, [Ger. LEOPOLD DER GROSSE, la
o-polt dR gRos'seh ; Lat. LEOPOL'DUS MAG'NUS,] Em-
peror of Germany, of the house of Austria, the second son
of Ferdinand III. and of Maria Anna of Spain, was born
in June, 1640. He became King of Hungary in 1655,



* I.e. "In a skilful and elegant style."



9as.t;



; gas/;G, H, K., guttural ; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in //5/j. (J^=-See Explanations, p. 23.)



LEOPOLD



'53



LEOPOLD



and King of Bohemia in 1657. After the death of his
father, and a competition with Louis XIV. of France,
Leopold was elected emperor on the i8th of July, 1658.
The Turks, having invaded Hungary with a large army,
were defeated at Saint Gothard in 1664, and Leopold
then made with them a truce of twenty years. In 1674
he commenced war against Louis XIV., which, after
indecisive campaigns on the Rhine, was ended by the
treaty of Nymwegen in 1678. The Hungarians, driven
by his despotic measures to revolt, chose Tekeli as their
leader in 1682, and were aided by a Turkish army of
200,000 men, which besieged Vienna in July, 1683. So-
bieski, King of Poland, saved the capital by a decisive
victory over the Turks in September of that year. The
Austnans, commanded by Prince Eugene, finished the war
by a victory at Zenta in 1697, in which year also a second
war against France was ended by the peace of Ryswick.
The claim of his family to the throne of Spain, vacated
by the death of Charles II. in 1700, involved Leopold
in another war with Louis XIV. He renewed his alli-
ance with England and Holland in 1701. His army,
commanded by Prince Eugene, gained several victories
in Italy in 1701-02, and shared the triumph of the allies
at Blenheim in 1704. Before the termination of this
long war of the Spanish succession, he died, in May,
1705, and was succeeded by his son, Joseph I. He had
had three wives, the first of whom was a Spanish prin-
cess, Margarita Theresa. His prosperity is ascribed to
the merit of his ministers and generals, rather than to
his own abilities. Among the important events of his
reign was the recognition of Ernest Augustus of Hanover,
in 1692, as an Elector of the empire.

See "Life of Leopold I.," London, 1706; MENCKB, " Leben
Leopolds I.," 1707 ; WAGNER, " Historia Leopold! Magni," 1719-31 ;
RINCK, " Leben und Thaten Leopolds des Grossen," 1708 : REINA.
*' Vita ed Imperio di Leopoldo I.," 17:0; " Nouvelle Biographic
General e,"

Leopold H. OF GERMANY, the second son of the
empress Maria Theresa, was born May 5, 1747. At the
death of his father, Francis I., in 1765, he inherited the
grand duchy of Tuscany, which he ruled twenty-five
-'ears in a wise and liberal spirit During this period
le made many reforms in the administration. He sup-
pressed the Inquisition, abolished the penalty of death,
and co-operated with Ricci, Bishop of Pistoia, in the
reformation of monastic discipline, which caused an
angry contest between him and the court of Rome. On
the death of his brother, Joseph II., February 20, 1790,
Leopold became heir of the Austrian monarchy, which
was then not in a prosperous condition. The Low Coun-
tries were in revolt, Hungary was discontented, Turkey
and Prussia were hostile, and France was estranged from
Austria by the Revolution. He quickly reduced the
Low Countries to obedience by an army, and pacified
his other subjects by a conciliatory policy. In 1791 he
concluded peace with Turkey at Sistova, and was elected
Emperor of Germany. The alarming progress of the
French Revolution induced him to form an alliance with
Prussia at Pilnitz, in 1791, for the restoration of Louis
XVI. Hostilities were about to begin, when he died
suddenly on the 1st of March, 1792, leaving the repu-
tation of an able and just ruler. His wife was Maria
Louisa, daughter of Charles III. of Spain. He was
succeeded by his son, Francis II., (of Germany,) who
in reference to Austria is styled Francis I.

See "Leben Leopolds II.," Prague, 1701 ; FOUCAULT. "Histoire
de Leopold II," 1791; ALXINGER, " Ueber Leopold II.," 1792;
SARTORI, " Leopoldinische Annalen," 2 vols., 1792; J. B. SCHELS.
41 Leopold II.," 1837.

Leopold L, King of Belgium, Duke of Saxony, and
Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, was born at Coburg in
1790. He was a son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saal-
feld, was a brother of the Duchess of Kent, and uncle of
the British queen Victoria. In May, 1816, he married
the princess Charlotte, daughter of George IV. and heir-
apparent to the throne of Great Britain, who died in
childbirth before the end of that year. He refused the
crown of Greece, offered to him in 1830. On the 4th of
June, 1831, he was elected King of the Belgians, who
were separated from Holland by the revolution of 1830.
Hostilities were renewed by the Dutch, and a French
army came to the aid of the Belgians. In 1832 Leopold



I



married Louise Marie The>ese. a daughter of King Louis
Philippe. He was quite popular among his subjects,
towards whom his policy was marked by liberality and
a scrupulous regard for their constitutional rights. He
died in December, 1865, and was succeeded by his son,
Leopold II.

See L. HVMANS, " Histoire du Regne de Leopold I." 186* : RAS-
TOUL DB MONGEOT, " Leopold I. Roi des Beiges, sa Vie miiitaire et
politique," iso; THEODORE JUSTB, "Leopold, Roi des Beiges,"
:863; "Nouvelle Biographic GeneYale ;" "Quarterly Review" fol
April, 1869; "Gentleman's Magazine" for May, 1866.

Leopold II, King of the Belgians, son and successor
of Leopold I., was born at Brussels, April 9, 1835. He
is a grandson of Louis Philippe, King of France, and a
near relative of the reigning families of Great Britain
and Coburg-Gotha. As Duke of Brabant, he was an
active legislator before his succession (in 1865) to the
throne. He is head of the Congo International Asso-
ciation, and takes great interest in the development
of the Congo Free State. His wife, Queen Charlotte,
is a niece of Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria. His
children consist of two daughters, who are ineligible
to the throne under the Belgian constitution.

Leopold L, Duke of Austria, was born in 1157. He
served under Richard I. of England at the siege of Acre.
In 1193, to gratify his avarice and to revenge an insult
he fancied he had received from Richard, he arrested
him at Vienna on his homeward journey and threw him
into prison. He received a large sum of money for the
transfer of the royal captive to the emperor Henry VI.
Died in 1194.

Leopold LT., Duke of Austria, born in 1292, was the
third son of Albert I., Emperor of Germany, who was
killed in 1308, leaving his dominions in joint-tenancy to
his sons. Leopold ruled Suabia, Alsace, and Switzer-
land. His brothers, Frederick and Louis of Bavaria,
were competitors for the imperial throne. In 1315 Leo-
pold attacked the Swiss, (who favoured the cause of
Louis of Bavaria,) and was defeated at Morgarten. In
1325 a treaty was made between the two parties, and it
was agreed that Louis and Frederick should reign jointly
Leopold died about 1326.

See LICHNOWSKY, "Geschichte Hauses Habsburg."

Leopold HL, Duke of Austria, the son of Albert II.,
was born about 1350. He became ruler over Suabia,
Tyrol, etc. War having broken out between him and
the Swiss cantons, he was defeated and killed in 1386 al
the famous battle of Sempach, where Arnold of Win-
kelried decided the victory by throwing himself on th"
Austrian spears and breaking the phalanx.

Leopold I OF TUSCANY. See LEOPOLD II., (Em-
peror.)

Leopold H., Grand Duke of Tuscany, was bom at
Florence in 1797, and was a son of Ferdinand III., whom
he succeeded in 1824. He conceded a constitution to
Tuscany in 1847. In consequence of the triumph of
the democratic party, he retired from Florence, but was
restored by the Austrian army in July, 1849. He was
forced to abdicate by the revolutionary movements of
the spring of 1859, and Tuscany was annexed to Sardinia.
He published a fine edition of the works of Lorenzo de'
Medici, (4 vols., 1825.) Died in 1870.

Leopold OF ANHALT-DESSAU. See ANHALT-DESSAU.

Leopold OF LORRAINE. See LORRAINE.

Leopold, la'o-pold', (CARL GUSTAF,) an eminent
Swedish poet, born at Stockholm in 1756. In 1778 he
composed an "Ode on the Birth of the Prince-Royal
Gustavus Adolphus," and in 1788 he became private
secretary of Gustavus III., who treated him with much
favour and confidence. He produced two successful
tragedies, "Odin" (1790) and "Virginia," and sang the
martial exploits of the Swedes in several admired odes.
He was appointed secretary of state in 1818. Died in 1829.



FELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Leopold Friedrich, la'o-polt' fReed'riK, Duke of
Anhalt-Dessau, was born in 1794. On the death of his
grandfather, in 1817, he succeeded to the government,
and in 1853 to that of Anhalt-Kothen. Died in 1871.



a, e, i, 6, ii, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, V , obscure; far, fall, fat; mJt; not; good; moon;



LEOPOLD



'S3!



LEPIDUS



Leopold Friedrich Franz, la'o-polt' fReed'riK
fRints, Duke of Dessau, born in 1740. In 1758 he
assumed the government, and distinguished himself by
his able administration and his patronage of learning
and the arts. He died in 1817, and was succeeded by
his grandson, the subject of the preceding article.

Leopoldo. See LEOPOLD I., Emperor of Germany.

Leosthene. See LEOSTHENES.

Le-os'the-nes, [Gr. AeuofteinK ; Fr. LEOSTHENE, la'-
os'tin',] an Athenian general, who makes his first ap-
pearance in history about the time of the death of Alex-
ander the Great, 324 B.C. He was attached to the party
of Demosthenes, and seems to have had a high repu-
tation, as he was chosen commander of the combined
Greek army in the Lamian war, the object of which was
to liberate Greece from the Macedonian yoke. He de-
feated Antipater in Thessaly, and be'sieged him in Lamia.
At this siege Leosthenes was killed, in 323 B.C., after
which success deserted the Athenian arms.

See GROTE, "History of Greece;" THIRLWALL, "History of
Greece."

Leotaud, 14'o'to', (VINCENT,) an able French geome
ter, born in the diocese of Embrun in 1595. He was a
professor at the College of Dole. Among his works
are "Elements of Practical Geometry," ("Geometrical
practicas Elementa," 1631,) and " Cyclomathia," etc.,
(1663.) Died in 1672.

Le-o-tychl-dei, [Gr. AcunxiiTK; Fr. LEOTYCHIDE,
la'o'te'ked',] a Spartan king, the son of Menares, suc-
ceeded Demaratus, who was deposed about 491 B.C.
Leonidas I. was his colleague in the government. He
obtained command of the Greek fleet, and shared with
Xanthippus the honour of the signal victory over the
Persians at Mycale in 479 B.C. Having been accused of
receiving a bribe from some Thessalians, he was banished
In 469, and died in exile at Tegea.

See HERODOTUS, *' History," books vi., viii., and ix.

Leowitz, la'o-wits', [Lat. LEOVI'TIUS,] (CYPRIAN,)
i Bohemian astronomer, born near Hradisch in 1524;
died in 1574.

lie Paige, leh-pjzh', (THOMAS,) a French religious
writer, born in Lorraine in 1597 ; died in 1658.

Lepaute, leh-pot', (JEAN ANDRE,) a French clock-
maker, born at Montme'dy in 1709. He lived in Paris,
and was celebrated for the perfection of his works. He
made time-pieces for many public edifices of Paris, and
for the most of the observatories of Europe. He pub-
lished a "Treatise on Clockwork," ( Horlogeric, ) Died
in 1789.

His wife, nil NICOLE REINE fitable de Labriere
a'tSb'l' deh liTjRe'aiR', born in Paris in 1723, acquired
distinction as an astronomer. She was a friend of Clai-
raut and Lalande, whom she assisted in the calcula-
tions on the return of Halley's comet, (1757.) She was
the author of " Observations" inserted in the "Connais-
sances des Temps," of " Tables of the Sun, Moon, and
Planets," and of several memoirs on astronomy. Died
in 1788.

Lepautre or Lepotre, leh-potR', (ANTOINE,) a French
architect, born in Paris in 1614. He was first architect
of Louis XIV. In 1652 he published an esteemed work
entitled "The Architecture of A. Lepautre." He had
an excellent talent for decoration, and abounded in new
inventions. The church of Port-Royal, in a suburb of
Paris, was designed by him. Died in 1691.

See MORBKI, " Dictionnaire Historique."

Lepautre, (JEAN,) a brother of the preceding, born
in Paris in 1617, was a skilful designer and engraver.
He designed and etched many subjects which are ad-
mirable models for architects and other artists. Died
in 1682.

Lepautre, (PIERRE,) a French sculptor, born in Paris
in 1660, was a son of Antoine, noticed above. He studied
and worked in Rome for fifteen years, and then returned
to Paris, where he obtained success, though his works
are defective in taste. His chief production is the group
of tineas and Anchises, at the Tuileries. Died in 1744.

Lepaux. See LAREVEILLERE.

lie Pays de, deh leh p|'e', ( RENE, ) Sieur Plessis-
Vilieneuve, a gay and witty French versifier, born at



Nantes or Fougeres in 1636. He was lor many years
director-general of the salt-tax (gabclle) in Dauphini and
Provence. He was noted for his bom mots. His "Friend-
ships, Loves, and Little Loves" ("Amities, Amours et
Amourettes," 1664) had a great success. He published
many letters, sonnets, etc. Died in 1690.

See BAYLK, " Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" MORBRL
Dictionnaire Historique."

Lepee, (ABBE.) See PE, DE L'.

Lepekhin or Lepechin, Up-eh-Keen' or ISp-eh-Kin',
(IVAN IVANOWITCH,) a Russian naturalist, born about
1740. He was charged by Catherine II. to explore
Russia, and published the results in a " Journal of
Travels through the Various Provinces of the Russian
Empire," (3 vols., 1771-80.) Died in 1802.

Lepelletier, leh-peTtg-i', (CLAUDE,) a French theolo-
gian, born in Franche-Comte' about 1670, became canon
of Rheims. He wrote polemical treatises against the
Jansenists, and many religious works. Died in 1743.

Lepelletier or Le Pelletier, JEAN,) a French an-
tiquary and merchant, born at Rouen in 1633. He wrote,
besides other works, a " Treatise on Noah's Ark," ( 1 704.)
Died in 1711.

Lepelletier (or Le Peletier, leh peh-leh-te-a') de
Saint-Fargeau, leh-peTte-a' deh saN'faVzrio', (Louis
MICHEL,) a French revolutionist, born in Paris in 1760,
was president a mortier of the Parliament of Paris, and
was the owner of an immense fortune. He became a
partisan of the new regime, and in 1792 was an influen-
tial member of the Convention. It appears that he had
given the royalists reason to expect he would favour
lenity in the king's trial, but was impelled by the ter-
rorism of the Jacobins to vote for death. For this act
he was assassinated by Paris, a royalist, in January, 1793.

See THIERS, " History of the French Revolution ;" Fitix LB-
PELLETIER, "Vie de M. Lepelletier," 1793.

Le Pere, leh paiR, (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a French archi-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 85 of 425)