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painter, and grand-nephew of the celebrated critic, was
born at Wartenberg in 1808. He studied architecture
for a time, but soon yielded to his stronger attraction
for painting. In 1825 he finished his picture of "The
Church- Yard," which excited great admiration. He
soon after studied historical painting under Schadow at
Dusseldorf. In this department he produced in 1829
"The Battle of Iconium," and completed other illustra-
tions of the life of Frederick Barbarossa, left unfinished
by Cornelius. His next productions, representing scenes
from Burger's "Lenore" and Uhland's "Royal Mourn
ers," display great originality and poetic fancy. Among
his master-pieces we may also name " Huss before the
Council of Constance," "The Robber and his Child,"
and a "Scene in the Eifel," with several other exqui-
site landscapes. Lessing, while retaining many of the
peculiar excellencies of the ideal or romantic school,
avoided the formality of style into which it has sometimes
degenerated. Died June 5, 1880.

See NAGLER, "Allgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon."

Lessing, (KARL GOTTHELF,) a German dramatist,
born in 1740, was a brother of the great author. He
published several comedies, and a " Life of Gotthold
Ephraim Lessing."

Leasius, les'se-us, (LEONARD,) a Flemish Jesuit, born
at Brechtan, in Brabant, in 1554. He lectured on the-
ology with iclat at Louvain from 1585 until 1623. He
wrote several popular works, among which are one
"On Justice and other Cardinal Virtues," (1621,) and
another "On the Power of the Pope." He was charged
with favouring semi-Pelagianism. Died in 1623.

Lessmann, leVman, (DANIEL,) a German litterateur,
born at Soldin in 1794. He wrote lyric poems, and
a number of novels and tales. He died in 1831, it is
supposed by suicide.

Lesson, li'siN', (REN PRIMEVERE,) a French natu
ralist, born at Rochefort in 1794. Among his numerous
works are a "Manual of Ornithology," (2 vols., 1828,)
and a "Supplement to the Works of Buffon," ("Com-
plement des CEuvres de Buffon," 10 vols., 1828 et seq.)
Died in 1849.

See AMEois LspivRE, "filoge historique de R. P. Lesson,"
1850.

Lfis'ter, (CHARLES EDWARDS,) an American littfra-
teur, born in New London county, Connecticut, in 1815.
He published the "Life and Voyages of Americus
Vespucius," "Artists of America," and various other
works, and made several translations from the Italian.
Died January 29, 1890.

Lestiboudoia, leVteTwo'dwa', (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a
French botanist, born at Douay in 1715; died in 1804.
His grandson, THEMISTOCLES, born at Lille in 1797, was
a physician and writer on botany, etc. Died in 1876.

Lestocq or Leatoq, ISs'tok', (JOHANN HERMAN,)
a surgeon, born of French parents in Hanover about
1695. He removed in 1713 to Saint Petersburg, and
became surgeon to Peter the Great. In 1725 he was
appointed surgeon to the princess Elizabeth. He was
the master-spirit of the plot or revolution which made
her empress in 1741. For some years afterwards he
was treated with much favour, and took an influential
part in affairs of state; but in 1750 he was disgraced
and exiled. He was recalled by Peter III. in 1762.
Died in 1767.

Lestoile or L^toile. See ETOILE, DE L'.



as k; 9 as s; g hard: g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as t; th as in this.

97



Explanations, p. 23.)



L'ESTRAiVGE



LETTE



L'Estrange, ISs-tranj', (Sir ROGER,) an English par-
tisan writer, born in Norfolk in 1616, was a zealous
royalist in the civil war. Having been detected in a plot
to surprise Lynn, he was sentenced to death as a spy in
1644, but obtained a respite, and escaped in 1648. After
passing a few years in exile, he returned in 1653 and
obtained from Cromwell a release from the sentence. In
the reign of Charles II. he was censor of the press. He
translated the works of Josephus, Seneca's "Morals,"
and >Esop's Fables, and wrote many popular political
tracts. His style is censured for vulgarity, and his works
abound in slang. After the restoration he edited several



1704.

See " Biographia Brilannica."

Lesueur or Le Sueur, leh-sii'UR', (CHARLES ALEX-
ANDRE,) a French naturalist and designer, born at Havre
in 1778. He explored with Peron the coasts of Aus-
tralia, and wrote many memoirs on mollusca, etc. Died
in 1846.

Lesueur, (CiCERON JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French archi-
tect, born near Rambouillet in 1794, became a membei
of the Institute. He published a "Chronology of the
Kings of Egypt," (1848-50.) D;ed December 26, 1883.

Lesueur, (EuSTACHE,) an excellent painter of history,
surnamed " the French Raphael," was born in Paris in
1617. He was a pupil of Vouet. He excelled in com-
position, expression, and chiaroscuro. Among his works
are "Saint Paul Preaching at Ephesus," "The Annun-
ciation," "The Life of Saint Bruno," (in 22 pictures,)
and "The Death of Tabitha." The first is called a
master-piece of invention and style. He died prema-
turely in 1655.

See CHARLES BLANC, " Vies des Peinrres Francais," and " Etude
sur E. Lesueur," 1845; Louis VITHT, " E. Lesueur, sa Vie et ses
CEuvres," 1853; L. DUSSIEUX, "Nouvelles Recherches sur la Vie
d'E. Lesueur." 1852.

Lesueur, (JEAN,) a French historian and Protestant
minister. He wrote a " History of the Church and Em-
pire from the Birth of Christ," (1672.) Died in 1681.

Lesueur or Le Sueur, (JEAN FRANCOIS,) a cele-
brated French composer, born near Abbeville about
1760. Having gained reputation by his motets and
masses, he was chosen chapel-master of Notre-Dame,
Paris, in 1786. His opera "La Caverne" (1792) was
very successful. In 1804 he became chapel-master of
Napoleon, and produced "The Bards," (" Les Bardes,")
an opera, which was greatly applauded. He was chosen
a member of the Institute in 1815. He composed other
operas, an " Essay on Sacred Music," and a " Treatise
on Ancient Music," which are highly commended- Died
in 1837.

See Ftfns " P.iographie Universelle des Musiciens;" "Nouvelle
Biographic Gene'rale."

Le Sueur, (NICOLAS,) a French philologist, born in
Paris about 1540, became president of the Chamber of
Inquests in the Parliament of Paris. He made a good
translation of Pindar's Odes into Latin verse, (1575.)
Died in 1594.

Lesueur, (NICOLAS,) a French engraver of cameos,
born in Paris in 1690; died in 1764. His uncle PIERRE,
born at Rouen in 1636, was one of the best engravers on
wood of his time. Died in 1716.

Leszczinski. See STANISLAS.

Letanduere, de, deh la'toN'dii'aiR', (HENRI FRAN-
gois DESHERBIERS,) MARQUIS, an able French nnval
officer, born at Angers in 1682. He was made chef fes-
cadre in 1745. In that year he captured four English
frigates near Brest. Died in 1750.

Letellier. See Louvois, COURTANVAUX, DE, and
ESTREFR, n', (Louis CESAR.)

Letellier, leh-ti'le-a', a French painter, born at Rouen
in 1614, was a nephew and pupil of the celebrated
Poussin. His favourite subjects were devotional. He
excelled in expression and linear perspective. Among
his best works are a " Holy Family," an " Ascension,"
and an "Annunciation." Died in 1676.

Letellier or Le Tellier, (MiCHEL,) a French states-



man, born in 1603. By the patronage of Mazarin, he
was appointed secretary of state for the war department
soon after 1642. During the troubles of the Fronde he
was an adherent of Mazarin. The latter having with-
drawn from France about 1651, Letellier was employed
as minister by the queen-regent during the short period
of his absence. In 1677 he was appointed chancellor
of France. He sealed with alacrity the fatal edict against
the Protestants which in 1685 revoked the edict of Nantes.
Died in 1685. Ix^uvois, the minister of Louis XIV., was
his son.

Letellier, (MICHEL,) a French Jesuit, born at Vire,
in Normandy, in 1643. He edited Quintus Curtius for
the use of the dauphin (in umm Delphmi) in 1678, and
wrote against Jansenism. In 1709 he became confessor
to Louis XIV., with the privilege of presenting subjects
for benefices. D'Alembert and others accuse him of
giving the king perfidious counsels. At the death of
Louis XIV. (1715) he was exiled. Died in 1719.

Letb/bridge, (Sir ROPER,) an English author,
born in Devonshire in 1840. He graduated at Oxford,
entered the educational service in India, became a bar-
rister in London 1880, and was in Parliament 1885-92.
He wrote "The Golden Book of India," " High Edu-
cation in India," historical works on India, etc.

Le'the, [A^,] a Greek word signifying "forgetful-
ness" or " oblivion," and forming the name of one of
the streams of Hades. See PLUTO.

Lethiere, leh-te-aiR', (GUILLAUME GUILLON, ) an
eminent French landscape- and historical painter, was
born in Guadeloupe in 1760. He studied in Rome, and
worked in Paris with success. Among his works are
"The Death of Caesar," "The Judgment of Paris," and
"Homer reciting his Poems." Died in 1832.

Ler.nington. See MAITLAND, (WILLIAM.)

Leti, la'tee, (GREGORIO,) an Italian historical writer,
born at Milan in 1630. He went to Geneva, turned
Protestant, and opened a school in 1660. In 1669 he
published a "Life of Sixtus V.," which is his most
popular work. His satirical humour involved him in
difficulties, which compelled him to leave Geneva in
1679. He passed some time at the court of Charles
II. of England, and was ordered to quit that kingdom
in 1682. He died in Amsterdam in 1701, leaving many
histories and biographies, which are unreliable.

See NicdRoN, " Me"moires."

Leto. See LATONA.

Leto, (PoMPONio.) See POMPONIUS L^TUS.

Letourneur, leh-tooR'nuR', (CHARLES Louis FRAN-
COIS HONORE,) a Director of the French republic, was
born in Basse-Normandie in 1751. He was deputed to
the Convention in 1792, and voted with the Girondists
for the death of the king. He was one of the members
of the Executive Directory elected in October, 1795 or
1796. He was exiled as a regicide in 1816, and died
in 1817.

See THIHRS. " History of the French Revolution."

Le Tourneur, (PIERRE.) See TOURNEUR, LE.

Letronne, leh-tRon', (JEAN A.NTOINE,) an eminent
French antiquary and critic, born in Paris in 1787, was
remarkable for sagacity, mental activity, and variety of
acquirements. After returning from his travels in Italy
and other countries, he was chosen a member of the
Academy of Inscriptions in 1816. In 1823 he published
a "Historical Essay on Egypt during the Domination
of the Greeks and Romans." He wrote able articles
for the " Biographic Universelle" and " Revue des Deux
Mondes." He was appointed professor of history in the
College of France about 1831, and keeper of the archives
of France in 1840. Among his principal works is "A
Collection of the Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Egypt,"
(2 vols. 410, 1842-48.) He proved that the zodiac of
Denderah belonged to the time of the Roman emperors,
thus exploding the theory of Dupuis. Died in 1848.

Letrosne, leh-tRon', (GUILLAUME FRANCOIS,) a
French advocate and economist, born at Orleans in 1728.
He published a treatise in favour of free trade in grain,
and other works on political economy. Died in 1780.

Lette, let'teh, (\VILHELM ADOLPH,) a Prussian econ-



i, e, i, o, u, y, long; A, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; mJt; nfit; good; moon:



LETTER IS



LEUWENHOEK



omist and liberal politician, born at Kienitz in 1799.
He was elected to the legislative assembly of Prussia
several times between 1850 and 1856. Died in 1868.

Letteris, ISt-tA'ris, (MAXIMILIAN,) a Polish poet, born
at Ziolkiev, September 13, 1800, of a Jewish family. He
was educated at the University of Vienna, where he was
for many years a proof-reader. He published some
translations from Racine, besides lyric poems, chiefly in
Hebrew and German. His masterpiece is" Ken Abuyah."
He died in great poverty at Vienna, June 4, 1871.

Lettice, let'tiss, (JOHN,) an English poet and clergy-
man, born in Northamptonshire in 1737. His poem on
the conversion of Saint Paul gained a prize at Cam-
bridge in 1764. He attained eminence as a pulpit orator.
In 1785 he was presented to the living of Peasemarsh,
Sussex. He was author of " Fables for the Fireside,"
(1812,) "Strictures on Elocution," (1821,) sermons, and
other works. Died in 1832.

Lett'spm, (JOHN COAKLEY,) an English physician,
born in the West Indies, near Tortola, about 1744. His
parents were members of the Society of Friends. He
studied in Edinburgh, Paris, and Leyden, and in 1769
settled in London, where, through the influence of Dr.
Fothergill, he obtained a large practice. He acquired an
txtensive scientific reputation, and was elected Fellow
of the Royal Society in 1771. Besides several profes-
sional treatises, he published "The Natural History of
the Tea-Tree," (1772,) the "Naturalist's and Traveller's
Companion," (1774,) and a "Life of Dr. Fothergill,"
(1783.) Died in 1815.

See "Memoirs of }. C. Lettsom," by T. J. PETTIGSEW, 1817:
DBSGBNRTTES, in the " Biographic Mtidicale."

Leu, loi, [Fr. pron. luh,] (JOHANN JAKOB,) a Swiss
writer, born at Zurich in 1689. His most important
work is a " Universal Dictionary of Switzerland," (20
vols., 1746-63,) which treats of the civil, religious,
literary, and natural history of that country. Died in
1768.

Leuchtenberg, DUKE OF. See BEAUHARNAIS, DE,
(EUGENE.)

Leuchtenberg, de, deh loiK'ten-be'RG', (KARL AU-
GUST NAPOLEON,) PRINCE, the eldest son of Eugene de
Beauharnais, Viceroy of Italy, was born at Milan in
1810. His mother was Augusta Amelia, daughter of the
King of Bavaria. He passed his youth in Bavaria.
About 1834 he was made the first peer of Bavaria by
his uncle, Louis I. He married Maria, Queen of Por-
tugal, in January, 1835, and was created Duke of Santa
Cruz, but died before the end of the year.

Leucippe. See LEUCIPPUS.

Leu-cip'pUB, |Gr. AriwraTroc; Fr. LEUCIPPE, luh'sep',1
d famous Greek philosopher, who is generally reputed
the author of the atomic philosophy. He was a disciple
of Zeno of Elea. The time and place of his birth are
unknown ; but, as he was the teacher of Democritus, he
probably lived earlier than 450 B.C. Different accounts
state that he was born at Elea, Abdera, or Miletus. His
works, if indeed he left any, have not come down to us.
His doctrines are supposed to have been similar to those
of Democritus.

See RITTER. " History of Philosophy;" DIOGENES LAERTIUS.

Leuckart, loik'aiu, (KARL GEORG FRIEDRICH RU-
DOLPH,) a German naturalist, born at Helmstedt, Octo-
ber 7, 1823. He was educated at Gottingen. He was
professor of comparative anatomy at Giessen, 1855-70,
and in 1870 was called to a similar chair at Leipsic. He
published numerous works, mostly on helminthology.
Died in 1898.

Leuckfeld, loik'f?lt, (JoHANN GEORG,) a Germai.
historian, born in Thuringia in 1668; died in 1726.

Leu'oon, \\eiinuv,] an Athenian poet of the old
comedy, was a contemporary and rival of Aristophanes.

Leu-coth'e-a, (or lu-ko'the-a,) [Gr. \evno8ia; Fr.
LEUCOTHEE, luh'ko'ta',] i.e. "White Goddess," a name
given to INO, which see.

Leucothee. See LEUCOTHEA.

Leunclavius, loin-kla've-us, (JoHANN,) an excelleu
German scholar, whose proper name was LO'WENKLAU
or LOEWENKLAU, (16'<ven-kl6w',) was born at Amel-
bauern, in Westphalia, in 1533. He was well versed in



Greek, Latin, and public law. A large part of his life wa
passed at the courts of the Duke of Savoy and of other
princes. He published editions with Latin versions of
Xenophon, (1569,) Dion Cassius, Zosimus, (1579,) Pro-
copius, and other Greek authors. Scaliger, Bayle, and
others praise him highly as a translator. He wrote a
few original works, among which was a " History of
the Moslems," ("Musulmanicae Historian Libri XVIII.,"
1595.) Died at Vienna in 1593.

See BAYLK, " Historical and Critical Dictionary :" NlotRow,
" Me"mojres ;" M. ADAM, "Vita Philosophorum Germanorum."

Leupold, loi'polt, (JAKOB,) an ingenious Saxon
mechanician, born at Planitz in 1674. He excelled in
the fabrication of mathematical and philosophical instru-
ments. The Elector of Saxony appointed him a membei
of the Council of Mines. He published in 1723-27 an
important work called "Theatre of Machines," ("Thea-
trum Machinarum,") which treats of machines, statics,
hydrostatics, mechanical sciences, etc. Died in 1727.

See TETTELBACH. " Lebensbeschreibung J. Leupolds," 1735.

Leupoldt, loi'polt, (JoHANN MICHAEL,) a German
physician, born at Weissenstadt, Bavaria, in 1794. He
published a number of treatises on pathology, physi-
ology, and hygiene, and a " General History of Medi-
cine," (1825.) Died August 21, 1874.

Leuret, luh'rj', ( FRANQOIS,) a French physician,
born at Nancy in 1797. Having given special attention
to mental maladies, he acquired distinction by his " Psy-
chological Fragments on Insanity," (1834,) and othei
works, among which is one " On the Moral Treatment
of Insanity," (1840.) He became chief physician of the
Bicetre in Paris. Died in 1851.

See U. TRELAT, " Notice sur F. Leuret," 1851 : CHARLES HB-
3UET, " Notice biographique sur la Vie du Docteur Leuret," 1852.

Leusden, lus'den, [Lat. LEUSDE'NIUS,] (JAN,) a
Dutch philologist, eminent as a Hebrew scholar, was
born in 1624, at Utrecht. He studied the Oriental lan-
guages in that city and Amsterdam. In 1649 ne obtained
the chair of Hebrew at Utrecht, which he held until his
death. He explained many curious Biblical questions
in three works, entitled "Hebrew Philologist," ("Philo-
logus Hebraeus," 1656,) "Philologus Hebraeo-Mixtus,"
(1663,) and " Hebrew-Greek Philologist," ("Philologus
Ilebraeo-Graecus," 1670.) Among his other works are
"Scholia Syriaca," "Compendium Biblicum," (1674,)
and a Greek edition of the New Testament, (1675.)
Died in 1699.

See NlciRON, " Me'moires ;" BURMANN, " Trajectum Eruditum ;"
G. DE VRIES, "Oratio in Obitum J. Leusdenii," 1699.

Leusdenius. See LEUSDEN.

Leutholf. See LUDOLPHUS.

Leutinger, loi'ting-er, (NiKOLAUS,) a German his-
torian, born in Brandenburg in 1547. He published
about 1587 a "History of Brandenburg." Died in 1612.

Leutze, loit'seh, (MANUEL,) a distinguished his-
torical painter, born at Gmund, in Wurtemberg, in
1816. At an early age he accompanied his father to
Philadelphia, where his talents attracted the notice of
Mr. Carey, by whose assistance he was enabled to visit
Europe. He studied at Dusseldorf under Lessing, and
xbout 1842 produced his "Columbus before the Council
at Salamanca," which gave him a high reputation.
Among his pictures, many of which illustrate American
history, we may mention "The Landing of the North-
men," "Washington Crossing the Delaware," " John
Knox and Mary Stuart," " Washington at Princeton,"
and "Columbus before the Queen." Died at Washing-
ton in July, 1868.

See H. T. TUCKERMAN, "American Artist Life," 1867, and
' Book of the Artists."

Leuwenhoek, van, vin luh'wen-hook', (ANTOON,)
sometimes written Leeuwenhoek or Leeuwenhoeck,
a celebrated Dutch naturalist, born at Delft in 1632.
lie first acquirej reputation by his skill in the fabrica
tion of microscopes. By his successful use of the micro-
scope in researches into the intimate structure of the
human system and the composition of animal fluids, he
afterwards obtained celebrity as an anatomist and physi-
ologist. He communicated many of his discoveries to
the Royal Society of London, of which he was chosen a
Fellow in 1680. He discovered the so-called animalcules



; casj; ghard; gas/.- G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal; R,trilltd; sasz; th as in //&;>. (J^p^See Explanations, p. 23. ^



LEVA



154



LEVESQUE



in the spermatic fluid in 1677. About 1690 he proved
the continuity of the arteries with the veins, and success-
fully combated the prevalent hypothesis of the fermen-
tation of the blood. He described with accuracy the
structure of the lamina which compose the crystalline
lens of the eye. In 1698, Peter the Great, passing
through Delft, requested the favour of seeing Leuwen-
hoek and his microscopes, which was accorded. Died
in 1723. Leiiwenhoek's works were printed in the
"Philosophical Transactions," (London.) Four vol-
umes of his collected works were published at Leyden
in 1724, under the title of "Opera Omnia."



dac
ert

Leva. See LEYVA.

Le Vacher de Charnoia. See CHARNOIS, DE.
Le Vaillant. See VAILLANT, LE.
Leval, leh-vSl', (JEAN FRANCOIS,) a French general,
born in Paris in 1761. As general of division, he ob-
tained success at Philipsburg in 1799. He took part in
the battle of Jena, in 1806. Died in 1834.

Levasseur, leh-vJ'sUR', a French anatomist, who
wrote about 1540. "He appears," says Hallam, "to
have known the circulation of the blood through the
lungs, as well as the valves of the arteries and veins,
and their direction and its purpose, treading closely
on an anticipation of Harvey."

Levasseur, (JEAN CHARLES,) a French engraver,
born at Abbeville in 1734. He engraved some works
of Boucher, Lemoine, Vanloo, etc. Died about 1810.

Levasseur de la Sarthe, leh-vt'sUR' deh la sSRt,
(RENE,) a French Jacobin, born in Maine in 1747, voted
in the Convention of 1792 for the death of the king, and
was a violent enemy of the Girondists. Died in 1834.
Sec ACHILLB ROCHB, "Mimoires de R. Levasseur," 2 vols., 1829
Levassor, leh-vt'soR', (MICHEL,) a French historian
and priest, born at Orleans. About 1675 he became a
Protestant, and emigrated to Holland. He afterwards
removed to England, and published a " History of Eu
rope in the Reign of Louis XIII.," (lovols., 1700-11.
Voltaire calls him " un d^clamateur odieux," (" an odioui
declaimer,") and says he was thought to be erroneous in
nearly all his judgments. Died in 1718.

Levati, la-va'tee, (CARLO AMHROGIO,) an Italian
writer, born at Biassono in 1790. Among his works is
a "Biographical Dictionary of Illustrious Women of al'
Ages and Nations," (3 vols., 1822.) Died in 1841.

Levau or Leveau, leh-vo', (Louis,) a French archi-
tect, born in 1612. He built the Hotel Lambert anc
H6tel Colbert, at Paris. He obtained the title of first
architect to Louis XIV., by whose order he added to the
chateau of the Tuileries the Pavilions de Flore and de
Marsan. Died in 1670.

See QUATREMKRB DE QUINCY, " Vies des phis illustres Archi
tectes."

Levavasseur, leh'vfvt'suR', (Louis GUSTAVE,) a

French poet, born at Argentan, November 9, 1819

Among his writings are "Poesies fugitives," (1846,!

"Farces et Moralites," (1850,) "Etudes d'apres Na

ture," (1864,) "Dans les Herbages," (1876.) etc. Some

of his best work is in the old Norman manner.

Le Vayer. See MOTHE, LA.

Leven, EARL OF. See LESLIE, (ALEXANDER.)

L6vque, li'veV, (PIERRE,) an able French mathe

matician, born at Nantes in 1746. To a sound judgmen

he added extensive acquirements in various sciences anc

languages. He published "The Navigator's Guide,

(1779,) which was praised by Lalande, and other nautica

works. He was elected to the Institute in 1801. Die

in 1814.

See DELAMBRK, " filoge de LeVeque," 1816; "Nouvelle Bia
graphic Ge"nerale."

Le'ver, (Sir ASHTON,) an English naturalist, bor
near Manchester. He formed a museum of natural his
tory. Died in 1788.

Le'ver, (CHARLES JAMES,) a popular Irish npvelis
was born in Dublin in 1806. He practised medicine
few years, but abandoned that profession when he be
came editor of the " Dublin University Magazine," abov
1842. He wrote a multitude of novels, among whic



re "Harry Lorrequer," (1840,) "Charles O'Malley,
841,) "Tom Burke of Ours," (1844,) "The Daltons,"
852,) "The Knight of Gwynne," (1854,) and " Daven-
ort Dunn," (1859.) After 1845 he resided for many
ears at Florence. In 1858 he was appointed vice-consul
t Spezzia, and was transferred to Trieste in 1867. He
ied at Trieste, June I, 1872.

Lever, (THOMAS,) an eloquent English divine, born
n Lancashire. He was ordained a Protestant minister
n 1550. On the accession of Mary (1553) he retired to
le continent. He afterwards dissented from the Angli-
.an Church, from a partiality to Calvinism. He pub-
shed sermons, and other religious works. Died in 1577.
LSv'e-rett, (FREDERICK PERCIVAL,) an American
cholar, born at Boston in 1803. He published a " Lexi-
on of the Latin Language," an edition of Caesar's "Com-
mentaries," and other educational works. Died in 1836.
Leverett, (Sir JOHN,) born in England in 1616,
migrated to America, where he was elected in 1673
Governor of Massachusetts. He was made a baronet
y Charles II. Died in 1679.

Leverett, (JOHN,) grandson of the preceding, born in
Boston in 1662, became president of Harvard University
n 1708. He was a distinguished jurist and scholar, and
Fellow of the Royal Society. Died in 1724.
Lev'e-ridge, (RICHARD,) an English singer, song
writer, and musical composer, was born about 1670. He


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 88 of 425)