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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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"Foreign Quarterly Review" for January, 1836.

Lichtenstein, liK'ten-stin', ( MARTIN HEINRICH
KARL.) a German physician and naturalist, born at
Hamburg in 1780. About 1802 he became physician
to the Governor of Cape Colony, Africa, and in 1810
published "Travels in Southern Africa," (2 vols.,) a
valuable contribution to natural history. In 1813 he
was appointed director of the Zoological Museum of
Berlin, which, under his care, became one of the largest
in Europe. His favourite pursuit was ornithology. Died
in 1857.

See CALLISKN, "Medicinisches Schriftsteller-Lexikon," (Supple-

Lichtenstein, von, fon liK'ten-stln', (JoHANN JO-
SEPH,) PRINCE, a general, the head of one of the most
noble families of Austria, was born in Vienna in 1760.
After serving in several campaigns against the French,
he negotiated the conditions of peace at Presburg in
1805. He distinguished himself at Essling and Wagram
in 1809. Died in 1836.

Liechtenstein, von, JOSEPH WENZEL,) PRINCE, an
Austrian general, born in Vienna in 1696. His services
in the campaigns of 1733 and 1734 were rewarded with
the rank of lieutenant-general. Having been made field-
marshal, he commanded the army in Italy in 1746, and
gained a victory at Piacenza. He was afterwards em-
ployed with success in diplomatic affairs. Died in 1772.

Lichtenstein, von, (ULRIC,) one of the early Ger-
man poets, was born about 1199. His principal poem,
entitled " Frauendienst," though possessing no great
literary merit, is a valuable monument of the manners
of that time. Hied about 1275.

Lichtwer, HKt'wer, (MAGNUS GOTTFRIED,) one ot
the most popular German fabulists, was born at Wurzen
in 1719. He published the first edition of his " Fables"
in 1748, and in the next year removed from Wittenberg
to Halberstadt, where he obtained a canonicate. In
1758 he produced another edition of the "Fables." The
jermin critics rank him as a fabulist with Lessing and
Gellert, whom perhaps he surpasses in piquancy of
style and talent for narration. Died in 1783.

Sec EICHHOI.Z, "Lichtwer's Leben," 1784: HIRSCIIING. " His-
tonsch-Iiterarisclies Handbuch."

Iii-cinl-a, (or li-sin'e-a,) the name of the wife ul C.
Gracchus. Also the name of the wift f Maecenas, said
to have been distinguished for her conjugal tenderness.

Li-cin-I-a'nus Gra'nI-us, a Roman historian, who

probably in the first century B.C. In 1853 Mr.
of Berlin, discovered a portion of his " Annals"

a,e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, \\, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat;mSt; not; good; moon,




among some Syriac manuscripts brought from the desert
nf Nitria in 1847.

Ljcinio, le-chee'ne-o, (BERNARDINO,) a painter of the
Venetian school, born at Pordenone, was one of the best
pupils of Pordenone, who was his relative. He painted
portraits and Madonnas. He was living in 1540.


Licinio, (GiuLio,) called IL ROMANO, (41 ro-ml'no,)
an Italian painter, born about 1500, was a nephew of
Pordenone. Died at Augsburg in 1561.

Ll-ciu'I-us, (or le-sin'e-us,) (FLAVIUS VALERIUS,)
(called by some writers Pub'lius Fla'viua Gale'riua
Valeria'nus Licinia'nus,) a Roman emperor, born in
Dacia about 263 A.D., was originallya peasant. He rose
to the rank of general in the army, and gained the favour
of Galerius, who in 307 made him a partner in the
empire, with the title of Augustus. In 313 he married
Constantia, sister of Constantine the Great, and, having
defeated Maximin, became master of all the Eastern
provinces. A war soon ensued between him and Con-
stantine, which ended in the complete defeat of Licinius
at Chalcedon, near Byzantium, in 323. He was put to
death by order of the victor in 324 A.D. He was noto-
rious for cruelty and other vices.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."

Li-cml-us Cal'vus, (CAIUS,) an eminent Roman
orator and poet, son of C. Licinius Macer, was born in
82 B.C. Cicero thought his style was too laboured, but
admitted that he had wit, judgment, and much learning.
His style was eulogized by Quintilian as grave, chaste,
and sometimes vehement. As a poet he was usually
ranked with Catullus, and was very popular. His works
are all lost except fragments of his poems, which con-
sisted of elegies and epigrams or lampoons. He died
about the age of thirty-five.

See WEICHERT. " De C. Licinio Calvo Oratore et Poeta," 1825;
PLINY, " Natural History," vii. and xxxiv.

Licinius Macer. See MACER.

Li-cin'I-us Sto'lo, or, more fully, Ca'ius Licln'ius
Cal'vus Sto'lo, a Roman legislator, of plebeian family,
who effected important changes in the constitution of
Rome. In 375 B.C., he and his friend L. Sextius La-
teranus were chosen tribunes of the people, and pro-
posed the enactment of these laws : 1st. That in future
one of the two consuls chosen annually should be a ple-
beian, and that no more military tribunes should be
appointed ; 2d. That no citizen should possess more
than five hundred acres (jugtra) of public land. These
innovations were strenuously resisted by the patricians
for about ten years, a period of anarchy, during which
Camillus was chosen dictator. The land in question
had been acquired by conquest, and had been appro-
priated by the patricians. The laws above named were
passed in 366, and Licinius was elected consul in 364
B.C. He was re-elected in 360, and was fined ten thou-
sand asses in 356 for the violation of his own agrarian

See NIEBUHR, " History of Rome :" LIVY, " History of Rome,"
books vi. and vii. ; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Li-ci'nus Por'cius, (por'she-us,) a Roman poet, men-
tioned by Aulus Gellius, lived about 120 B.C.

Lick, (JAMES,) an American business-man, born at
Fredericksburg, Lebanon county, Pennsylvania, August
25, 1796. He went to South America in 1821, and to
California in 1847, where he acquired great wealth. He
died at San Francisco, California, October i, 1876, leaving
by will some five million dollars to various public uses,
chiefly educational. He founded the Lick Observatory.

Licquet, leT<4', (FRANC.OIS ISIDORE,) a French littl-
ratfur, born at Caudebec, Normandy, in 1787. He wrote,
besides several dramas, a " History of Normandy," (2
vols., 1835,) a work of merit, which was completed by
Depping. Died in 1835.

Lid'del, (DUNCAN,) a Scottish physician and mathe-
matician, born at Aberdeen in 1561. He became pro-
fessor of mathematics at Helmstedt in 1591, after which
he was first physician at the court of Brunswick. Having
returned to Scotland in 1607, he founded a professorship
at Aberdeen. He was author of several medical works,
one of which is called " Ars Medica," (1607.) Died in

Lid'dell, (Rev. HENRY GEORGE,) an English scholar,
born in 1812. He became chaplain to the prince-consort
about 1845, ar >d Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, in
1855, resigning in 1891. He produced, in conjunc-
tion with Mr. Scott, an excellent " Greek- English
Lexicon," (1843,) based on the Greek-German Lexi-
con of Passow, and wrote a " History of Rome." Died
January 18, 1898.

Liddell, (Sir JOHN,) F.R.S., a British physician, born
at Dumblane in 1794. He served as surgeon in the royal
navy, was knighted in 1850, and was appointed director-
general of the medical department of the royal navy
about 1854. In 1859 he became honorary physician to
Queen Victoria. Died May 28, 1868.

Lid'don, (HENRY PARRY,) D.D., an English clergy-
man, born in 1829. He graduated in 1850 at Christ
Church, Oxford. In 1864 he became a prebendary of
Salisbury, and in 1870 canon residentiary of Saint Paul's.
He was professor of exegesis at Oxford, 1870-82, and
was noted as one of the first pulpit orators of his time.
He published "The Divinity of our Lord," (Bampton
Lectures for 1866,) "Some Elements of Religion." and
other works. Died September 9, 1890.

laden, le-dnn', (JoHAN HENRIK,) a Swedish writer,
born at Linkbping in 1741, was struck in the prime of
life with palsy, which deprived him of the use of his
limbs. He composed a " History of Swedish Poets,"
and several literary memoirs. Died in 1793.

See WALUN, " Aminnelse-Tal ofver J. H. Lid^n," 1797.

Lidner, lid'ner, (BENGT,) a Swedish poet, born In
1759, resided some time in Paris. His chief work, " The
Countess Spastara," is commended for eloquence and
pathos. Died in 1793.

Lidskialf, (Hlidskialf.) See ODIN.

Lie, lee, (JONAS LAURITS IDEMIL,) a Norwegian poet
and novelist, born at Ecker, near Drammen, November
6, 1833, the son of a lawyer. He studied at the Uni-
versity of Christiania, and was admitted to practise
law at the higher courts. He published " Digte,"
(" Poems," 1864,) various novels, " Den Fremsyne,"
("The Clairvoyant," 1870,) "The Pilot and his
Wife," (1874,) " Rutland," (iSSi,) " Life's Slaves,"
(1883,) the comedies " Grabow's Cat," (1880,) and
" Lystige Kmer," (1894,) and other works.

Liebe, lee'beh, (CHRISTIAN SIGISMOND,) a German
numismatist, born in Misnia in 1687. He was a large
contributor to the " Acta Eruditorum." Died in 1736.

Lieber, lee'ber, (FRANCIS,) a German historical and
political writer of distinguished ability, born at Berlin,
March 18, 1800. He served against the French in 1815,
and was present at the battles of Ligny and Waterloo.
Being imprisoned some years after for his liberal opinions,
he was released through the influence of Niebuhr, and
sought refuge in 1827 in the United States. In 1829 he
edited the " Encyclopaedia Americana," (13 vols-,) taking
for its basis Brockhaus's " Conversations-Lexikon." (pub-
lished at Leipsic, in Germany.) Among his numerous
and popular works are " Reminiscences of Niebuhr the
Historian," (1835,) "Manual of Political Ethics," (1838,)
" Laws of Property : Essays on Property and Labour,"
(1842,) and "Civil Liberty and Self-Government," (2
vols., 1853; 2d ed., enlarged, 1859; 3d ed., 1874.) He
was professor of history and political economy in the
University of South Carolina from 1838 to 1856, and in
1857 was elected professor of history and political science
in Columbia College, New York. Died October 2, 1872.
See ALLIBONE, " Dictionary of Authors ;" DUYCKINCK, " Cyclo
pzdia of American Literature," vol. ii. ; " North American Review
for January, 1832.

Lieber, (THOMAS.) See ERASTUS.

Lieberkuhn, lee'ber-koon', (JOHANN NATHANIEL,) a
German anatomist, born at Berlin in 1711, practised ir>
that city. He was very skilful in the art of injections.
He was chosen a Fellow of the Royal Society of Lon-
don. Died in 1756.


Liebig, von, fon lee'bic, (JUSTUS,) BARON, one of the
greatest chemists of the present century, was born at
Darmstadt, in Germany, in May, 1803. He e itered the

as Jt; 5 as s; g hard; g as /; o, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (J^'See Explanations, p. 23.)




tTniversity of Bonn in 1819, and in 1822 went to Paris, ;
where he became acquainted with Humboldt and Gay-
Lussac. Favoured by the influence of Humboldt, Liebig
-ibtained in 1824 the appointment of professor of chem-
istry in the University of Giessen. He founded there
the first model laboratory of Germany, which became
very celebrated and made that university the central
point of attraction to the chemical students of Europe.
Although his services have been great in every depart-
ment of chemical science, he owes his celebrity chiefly
to his discoveries in organic chemistry. He produced
in 1840 an important work entitled "Organic Chem-
istry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology,"
("Die organische Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf
Agricultur und Physiologic.") His principal works,
besides the above, are "Animal Chemistry, or Chemistry
in its Application to Physiology and Pathology," (1842,)
"Researches on the Chemistry of Food," (1849,) and
a "Dictionary of Chemistry," (5 vols., 1837-51,) in
which he was assisted by Wohler. He received the title
of baron in 1845, and accepted the chair of chemistry
at Munich in 1852. In 1848 Liebig and Professor
Kopp began to issue an annual report on the progress
of chemistry. His " Familiar Letters on Chemistry"
(1844) are much admired, and are well adapted to
render the science popular. His principal works above
named have been translated into English and French.
Died April 18, 1873.

Liebknecht, ({OHANX GEORG,) a German anti-
quary, born at Wassungen about 1680, wrote, besides
other works, "Discourse on the Great Deluge,"
(" Discursus de Diluvio Maximo," 1704.) Died in

Liebknecht, (WILHELM,) a German socialist,
was born at Giessen in 1826. He took part in the
Polish revolution and the French revolution of 1848,
was subsequently imprisoned in Germany, and then
exiled. He was elected to the German Reichstag in
1867, and became the editor of "Vorwarts," the
leading socialist daily. In 1895 he was imprisoned
for four months for Ifst-maji'ste. Died in 1900.

Liebrecht, (KF.l.ix,) a German folk-lorist, born
at Namslau, Silesia, in 1812, and professor of German
at Liege 1849-67. He wrote many articles on the
origin and diffusion of folk-tales, and translated vari-
ous works. Died in 1890.

Liemaecker or Liemaker, lee'ml'ker, (NIKOLAAS,)
a skilful Flemish painter, surnamed ROOSE, was born at
Ghent in 1575, and was a friend of Rubens. Among his
works, which are mostly of large dimensions, are "The
Last Judgment," and "The Transfiguration." Died in

Lieoo- (or Lieou-) Pang, le-oo' ping, a Chinese
emperor, the founder of the dynasty of Han, was born
about 250 B.C. He was proclaimed emperor in 202.
One of his generals, named King-Poo, having revolted,
a battle was fought, in which Lieoo-Pang gained the vic-
tory, but received a wound of which he died in 195 B.C.
Lieutaud, le-uh'to', (JOSEPH,) a skilful French physi-
cian, born in 1703, at Aix, in Provence. He was elected
to the Academy of Sciences in 1752. In 1774 he was
appointed first physician to Louis XVI. He published,
besides other professional works, " Synopsis of Univer-
sal Medical Practice," (" Synopsis Universae Praxeos
Medicae," 1765,) a work of much merit Died in 1780.

Lieven, de, deh lee'ven, (DOROTHEA,) PRINCESS, a
Russian lady, of German extraction, celebrated for her
diplomatic talents and political intrigues, was born in
1784. Her maiden name was BENKENDORF. She went
to London about 1812 with her husband, who was
Russian ambassador at that court, and acquired much
influence by her conversational powers. After 1838
she resided in Paris, where her salon was frequented by
many diplomatists, statesmen, etc. She was often called
the " Egeria of Guizot." Died in 1857.

Lievens or Livens, (JAN,) an eminent Dutch painter
and engraver, born* at Leyden in 1607. Abmit 1630 he
went to England, and painted portraits of the royal
family. He afterwards worked at Antwerp, chiefly on

historical subjects, and acquired a high reputation. As
an engraver he is said to rival Rembrandt. Died in

Liezen-Mayer, von, (ALEXANDER,) a German
painter, born at Raab, Hungary, in 1839. He studied
at Vienna and Munich, won the Munich 'Academy
prize in 1865, and in the same year produced his
celebrated painting on the beatification of St. Eliza-
beth. He subsequently painted many notable scenes
from history and from Shakespeare and "Faust."
Died February 19, 1898.

Ligario, le-ga're-o, (PiETRO,) an Italian painter, born
in the Valtellina in 1686; died in 1752.

Li-ga'rI-us, (QuiNTUS,) a Roman officer, who fought
for Pompey in the civil war, and after the battle of Phar-
salia renewed the war against Caesar in Africa. He was
pardoned by the victor, but was forbidden to enter Italy.
When his friends made efforts to restore him to citizen-
ship, they were opposed by Tubero, who became his
public accuser in a trial before the dictator, in 45 or 46
B.C. On this occasion Cicero pronounced his admirable
oration "Pro Ligario." Plutarch informs us that Caesar
had resolved to condemn Ligarius, but that in the
course of the speech his colour often changed, his frame
trembled, and a verdict of acquittal was obtained from
him through the transcendent powers of the orator.

Light'foot, (JOHN,) an English divine, eminent as a
biblical commentator, was born in Staffordshire in 1602.
He was an excellent Hebrew scholar. In 1630 he be-
came rector of Ashley, and in 1642 obtained the living ot
Saint Bartholomew, in London. He was identified with
the Presbyterians during the civil war. About 1644
he was chosen master of Catherine Hall, Cambridge,
and was presented to the living of Great Munden. In
Rabbinical literature he had few, if any, superiors. He
published " Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicas," (1658,) and
many Latin commentaries on the Scriptures, one of
which is called " Harmony of the Four Evangelists,"
(1644-50.) Died in 1675.

Sec " Brevis Descriptio Vitae J. Lightfooti," 1699; NIC*ON,
" Me'moires."

Lightfoot, (JpHN.) F.R.S., an English botanist, bom
in Gloucestershire in 1735. He was educated for the
church, became chaplain to the Duchess of Portland,
and obtained the livings of Sheldon and Gotham. In
company with Pennant, he explored the Hebrides about
1772, and published in 1777 a valuable "Flora of Scot-
land," (" Flora Scotica," 2 vols.,) with excellent figures.
His herbal was purchased by the king, and was after-
wards consulted with profit by Sir J. E. Smith. Died
in 1788.

See PBNNANT, " Life of J. Lightfoot"

Lightfoot, (JOSEPH BARBER, )D.D., an English bishop
and eminent Biblical scholar and critic, was born in
Liverpool in 1828. He graduated at Trinity College,
Cambridge, in 1851, took orders in 1854, became a pro-
fessor of divinity at Cambridge in 1867, canon of Saint
Paul's in 1871, Margaret professor at Cambridge in 1875,
Bishop of Durham in 1879. He has published revised
texts, with notes, etc., of Saint Paul's Epistle to the
Galatians, (1869; 4th edition, 1874,) Philippians, (1870;
3d edition, 1873,) and Colossians, (1875,) and of Saint
Clement's Epistles to the Corinthians, (1869,) an essay
on New Testament Revision, (1871,) and other works of
high value. As a scholar Dr. Lightfoot (to use the lan-
guage of the late Dr. Ezra Abbot) " has no superior
among the Germans in breadth of learning or thorough-
ness of research." [Died December 21, 1889.]

Ligne, de, deh len, (KARL JOSEPH,) PRINCE, an able
Austrian general and witty author, born at Brussels,
May 12, 1735, was the son of a field-marshal in the Aus-
trian service. He served with distinction in the Seven
Years' war, (1755-62,) and was made a general-major in
1765. In 1782 he was ambassador to Russia, and was
highly favoured by Catherine II. He commanded a
corps at the capture of Belgrade in 1789. He obtained
the rank of field-marshal in 1808. His generous and
chivalrous character rendered him the idol of his army.
He died at Vienna in 1814, leaving interesting memoirs,

a, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, sliarl; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m?t; not; good; moon;




letters, and other works, {in French,) which contain
curious anecdotes and piquant passages. Madame de
Stael published in 1809 a volume of "Letters and
Thoughts of Prince de Ligne." He had published
"Military, Literary, and Sentimental Miscellanies,"
("Melanges militaires, litteraires et sentimentaires,"
34 vols., 1795-1811.) According to Madame de Stael,
" he was the only foreigner that became a model in the
French style, instead of an imitator."

Ligonier, lig'o-neer', (JOHN,) EARL, an eminent gene-
ral of the British army, was born of Protestant parents in
France in 1678, and emigrated to England in early youth.
He fought at Blenheim, (i 704,) Ramillies, and Malplaquet,
(1709.) and commanded the infantry at Fontenoy, (1745.)
In 1746 he was appointed commander-in-chief of the
British forces in Flanders. He displayed great skill and
cour ^- at Laffeldt in 1747, but was there made prisoner.
He became an English peer, with the title of Earl Ligo-
nier, in 1766, and was a field-marshal and privy coun-
cillor at his death, in 1770.

See MM. HAAG, "La France protestante."

Ligorio, le-go're-o, (PiRRO,) an Italian architect,
painter, and antiquary, born in Naples about 1530, or,
as others say, 1498. He was appointed by Paul IV.
architect of the Vatican and of Saint Peter's Church,
which Michael Angelo had previously superintended.
The latter left Rome about that time. Ligorio, having
deviated from the plan of Michael Angelo, which he was
ordered to follow, was discharged in 1568. lie then was
employed as architect by Alphonso, Duke of Ferrara.
He died about 1580, leaving in manuscript voluminous
writings on antiquities and architecture, which are
praised by Muratori.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters," etc. ; LANZI, " History of
Painting in Italy;" " Nouvclle Biographic Gin^rale."

Ligozzi, le-got'see, (jACoro,) an eminent Italian
painter of history, born at Verona in 1543, was a pupil
of Paul Veronese. He painted both in fresco and in oil.
Having acquired a high reputation at Verona, he re-
moved to Florence, where he received the title of painter
to the grand duke Ferdinand. Among his master-pieces
are "The Four Crowned Saints," at Imola, and the
" Martyrdom of Saint Dorothea," at Pescia. His smaller
pictures are highly finished. Died in 1627.

Li Hsi, King of Korea, came to the throne in
1864. He was weak and vacillating in character, and
fell largely under the control of the Russian agent
residing at Seoul.

Li Hung Chang, an eminent Chinese statesman,
was born February 16, 1823, and took the Hanlin
degree in 1849. He was a secretary in the army
during the Taiping rebellion, later a provincial judge,
and in 1 86 1 governor of Kiangsu, from which he
aided "Chinese" Gordon to drive the rebels in
1863. This service was rewarded with the Yellow
Jacket and the Peacock's Feather and the third class
of nobility. He was made governor-general of ,
Kiang province in 1864, and of the imperial province I
of Chihli in 1872, where he became active in founding
the Chinese navy. He was made commander-in-
chief of army and navy in the war of 1894 with Japan,
but was thwarted by the incompetency of his subor- :
dinates. In consequence of the defeats he was de-
prived of his honours, but they were soon restored, >
and he negotiated a treaty of peace in 1895. In 1896
he visited Europe and America. On his return he
was made foreign secretary of the empire, and after
the Boxer troubles of 1900 was appointed commis-
sioner to deal with the foreign powers. He is recog-
nized as the most enlightened and progressive of the
statesmen of China.

Lil'burne, (JOHN,) an English Puritan enthusiast ana
radical agitator, was born in Durham in 1618. He was
accused before the Star Chamber in 1637 of distributing
seditious pamphlets, and was condemned to be whipped
and imprisoned. He was released in 1640, and obtained
2000 damages. In 1644 he fought bravely against the
ting at Marston Moor, where he led a regiment He

afterwards attacked Prynne, Lenthal, and others in pam-
phlets, for which he was committed to Newgate. He
was one of the master-spirits of the " Levellers," and
' a stubborn opponent of Cromwell's authority. In 1651
he was tried for treason and acquitted by the jury. He
became a Quaker a few years before his death, which
occurred in 1657. Hume designates him as "the most
turbulent, but the most upright and courageous, of human
kind." (" History of England.")

Lilienkrantz or Liljenkrantz, lee'le-en-kRants', or
Liliecrantz, lee'le-eh-kRants', (JoHANN,) COUNT DE, a
Swedish financier, born about 1730. On the accession
of Gustavus III. (1771) he was appointed minister of
finances, which he managed with success for many years
Died in 1815.

See GEVER, " Histoire de la Suede."

Lilienthal, lee'Ie-en-tll', (MICHAEL,) a learned Prus-
sian philologist, born at Liebstadt in 1686. He was
for many years professor of theology in the University
of Kbnigsberg. He was the* principal editor of the
"Erlautertes Preussen," (1724-28,) a highly-esteemed
literary journal, and published, besides other works,
"Historical and Literary Selections," ("Selecta His-
torica et Literaria," 1711-19.) Died in 1750.

Lilieuthal, (THEODOR CHRISTIAN,) a German theo-
logian and writer, a son of the preceding, was born at
Kbnigsberg in 1717; died in 1782.

Lilio, lee'le-o, or Lilli, lel'lee, (ANDREA,) an Italian
painter, born at Ancona in 1555. He worked at Rome
for Sixtus V., and at Ancona. Died in 1610.
_ Lilip, (Luici,) [Lat. ALOY'SIUS LIL'IUS,] an Italian

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 91 of 425)