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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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and September, 1825; "North British Review" for November, 1846.

L'lugegno. See LUIGI, (ANDREA DI.)

Lingelbach, ling'el-baK', (JoHANN,) sometimes writ-
ten Linglebach, an eminent painter of genre and land-
scapes, was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1625. He
studied in Rome, and settled in Holland about l6$a
He excelled in the treatment of markets, fairs, and sea-
ports. His colour is good, his touch free and spirited,
and his works remarkable for variety. His blue dis-
tances and lightly-clouded skies produce an exhilarating
effect. Among his works are a " Sea-Port in the Levant,''
and " The Vegetable Market." Died at Amsterdam in
1687.

See C. BLANC, " Les Peintres de toutes les ficoles;" NAGLER,
" Allgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon."

Iiingendea, de, deh laN'zhoNd', (CLAUDE,) a French
pulpit orator and Jesuit, born at Moulins in 1591 ; died
in 1660.

Lingendes, de, (JEAN,) a French poet, born at Moil-
lins about 1 580, composed stanzas, odes, and other verses.
Died in 1616.

Lingeudes, de, (JEAN,) a relative of the preceding,
was born at Moulins in 1595. He became an eminent
preacher, and chaplain to Louis XIII. He was made
Bishop of Macon in 1650. Died in 1665.

Linguet, la.\'gS', (SIMON NICOLAS HENRI,) an elo-
quent French advocate and polemical writer, born at
Rheims in 1736. He pleaded with success at the bar of
Paris, but made many enemies by his sarcasms and his
impetuous temper. He was confined in the Bastille two
years, ending in 1782. He published numerous works,
which display learning and talent but are censured as
paradoxical. Among them are a " History of the Age of
Alexander the Great," (1762,) and "The Fanaticism of
Philosophers," (1764.) He fell a victim to the reign of
terror in 1794.

See GAEDAZ, " Essai sur la Vie et les Ouvrages de Linguet,"
1808; "Nouvelle Bio<raphie Generalc."

Tilngg, ling, (HERMANN LUDWIG OTTO,) a German
poet, born at Lindau, January 22, 1820. He graduated
at Munich as doctor of medicine in 1843, and studied
later in Berlin and Prague. He published many dramas,
nd some volumes of verse, including "The Migrations
of the Peoples," an epic.

Liniere, de, deh le'ne-aiR', (FRANCOIS PAYOT,) a
French satiric poet, born in Paris in 1628, was a gay
votary of pleasure. He composed songs a;id epigrams



with facility. Boileau, in his ninth Satire, mentions
Liniere as a judicious critic. Died in 1704.

Link or Linck. link, (HEINRICH FRIEDRICH,) .
German naturalist and physician, born at Hildesheim
in 1767. He was appointed professor of botany and
chemistry at Breslau in 1811, and in 1815 filled the
same chair at Berlin. He published numerous works
on botany, of which we may name "The Anatomy of
Plants," (1807,) and "Elements of Botanical Ph'ilos
ophy," (1824.) Died in 1851.

See VON MARTIUS, " Denkrede auf H. F. Linck," 1851 ; " Bio-
graphie Me'dicale."

Liiiley, (THOMAS,) an excellent English musical
composer, born at Wells about 1725, was a pupil of Pa-
radies. In his early life he conducted the concerts and
oratorios at Bath. He composed the music for Sheri-
dan's "Duenna," which had great success, in 1775. In
1776 he removed to London, and became one of the
proprietors of Drury Lane Theatre, in partnership with
his son-in-law, R. B. Sheridan, the great orator. Mr.
Linley directed the musical department, and composed
for it the "Carnival of Venice," "The Camp," etc.
Among his admired productions are "Six Elegies,"
"Twelve Ballads," and a madrigal to these verses of
Cowley,

" Let me, careless and unthoughtful lying,

Hear the soft winds above me flying."
Died in 1795.

See BURNEV, " History of Music."

Linley, (THOMAS,) a son of the preceding, was bom
at Bath about 1756, and inherited his father's musical
talent. He studied under the best masters of Italy, and
became very intimate with Mozart. He composed seve-
ral admired airs for the theatre. He was drowned in
1778, while sailing in a pleasure-boat in Lincolnshire.

Linley, (WILLIAM,) a brother of the preceding, was
born about 1766. In his youth he went to India as a
clerk, and rose to the office of sub-treasurer at Fort Saint
George. He returned to England in the prime of life,
and devoted himself to music and literature. He com-
posed several glees, songs, and other verses, and pub-
lished the dramatic songs of Shakspeare. Died in 1835.

Linn, (JOHN BLAIR,) D.D., an American poet and
divine, born at Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, in 1777,
was brother-in-law of the celebrated novelist Charles
Brockden Brown, and son of William Linn, who was
also a divine. He became assistant pastor of the First
Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia in 1798. He
was the author of " The Powers of Genius," and other
poems, and a reply to Dr. Priestley's "Comparison
between Socrates and Christ." Died in 1804.

See DUYCKINCK, "Cyclopzdia of American Literature."

Linn, (LEWIS FIELDS,) M.D., a Senator of the United
States, was born near Louisville, Kentucky, in 1795, and
removed to Missouri about 1816. He was elected to the
Senate by the Democrats in 1833, and again about 1838.
Died in 1843.

See "Life of L. T. Linn," by E. A. LINN and N. SARGENT,
>8 S 7.

Linnaeus, lin-nee'us, [Sw. VON LINN, fon lin-nii',]
(CHARLES or CARL,) a celebrated Swedish botanist,
and the most influential naturalist of the eighteenth
century, was born at Rishult, in Smiland, on the 24th
of May, 1707. He was the son of Nicholas Linnaeus, a
village curate, who, it is said, so far underrated his son's
capacity that he made him an apprentice to a shoemaker
after he had reached the age of seventeen without mak
ing much progress in his studies. In 1727, however, he
was sent to the University of Lund to study medicine,
and his inclination for natural history was favoured by
Professor Stobseus. Although nearly destitute of pecu-
niary resources, he pursued his studies at Upsal, (1728,)
where he was patronized by Olaus Celsius, who relieved
him from his extreme poverty. About 1730 he conceived
the idea of a reform in botanical method and nomencla-
ture, and began the composition of several great works,
noticed below. At the expense of the Royal Academy
of Upsal, he made a botanical excursion on foot through
Lapland in 1732, the results of which appeared in hu>
"Flora Lapponica," (1737.)

Between 1735 and 1738 he passed three years in the



a, e, I, 5, u, y, lang: i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; not; good; moon;



LINN. US



1559



LINUS



house of George Cliffort, a rich Dutch gentleman living
between Leyden and Haarlem, who employed him to
arrange his fine garden and museum. Linnaeus has
expressed his gratitude to this benefactor for the facilities
he there enjoyed for his favourite pursuits, and has
honoured his memory by a work entitled "The Garden
cf Cliffort," (" Hortus Cliffortianus.") He perceived
that it was necessary to invent methods of distribu-
tion capable of embracing all creatures, and founded on
characters well defined ; to invent terms sufficiently
numerous to designate the prodigious variety of their
conformation, and define these terms with precision ;
finally, to make a general review of all beings described
in former works, or to be found by the exploration of
nature. The first sketch of this great enterprise ap-
peared in two small volumes, entitled " System of Nature,
or the Three Kingdoms of Nature exhibited methodically
in Classes, Orders, Genera, and Species," (" Systema Na-
ture, sen Regna tria Naturae systematice proposita, per
Classes, Ordines, Genera et Species," 1 735,) and " Funda-
menta Botanica," (1736.) The characters of genera were
largely developed in his "Genera of Plants according to
the Number, Figure, Position, etc. of the Parts of Fruc-
tification," (" Genera Plantarum secundum Numerum,
Figuram, etc. omnium Fructificationis Partium," 1737.)
He removed in 1738 to Stockholm, where he practised
medicine, lectured on botany, and received the title of
physician to the king. lie married a daughter of Dr.
More in 1739. In 1741 he obtained at Upsal the chair
of botany, which he occupied thirty-seven years, witness-
ing the continuous growth of his fame and influence, and
exerting his unabated activity to improve his scientific
productions. Thunberg, Kalm, Hasselquist, Forskal, and
other eminent naturalists, who had been his pupils, visited
various foreign countries and brought back willing tribute
to enrich his collections and publications. The botanical
philosophy of Linnaeus was reproduced in its enstmblt,
arranged in its parts, and enforced by examples in his
"Philosophia Botanica," (1751.) "This work," says
Cuvier, " which exhibits on every page proofs of the
rarest ingenuity (fintssc f esprit) and the most sur-
prising profoundness of observation, has enjoyed a suc-
cess which was previously unexampled. It has become
as it were a fundamental law, to which all botanists con-
form in their descriptions and in their use of terms."
His artificial sexual system was for a long time uni-
versally adopted, but has been superseded in a great
measure by the natural method of Jussieu. In 1753 he
produced his " Species Plantarum," an important work,
in which he adopted the happy idea of designating eacb
species by a single epithet added to the name of the
genus. He also applied his methods with success to the
animal kingdom in several enlarged editions of his
"Systema Naturae," in his "Fauna Suecica," ("Swedish
Fauna," 1744,) or history of Swedish animals, and va-
rious other works. Died in January, 1778.

See PULTENEY, " Life of Linnaeus," 1781; AGARDA, "Antiqui-

tea Lirmzanz," 1826; A. L. A. FEE, "Vie de Linne 1 ," 1832;

iss BRIGHT-WELL, " Life of Linnzus ;" VAN HALL, " Epistolz Lin-
czi ;" J. TKAPP, " Life of Linnzus," 1794 ; STOBVER, " Leben des
Ritters C. von LinncS," 2 vols., 1792; ADAM AFZBLIUS, " Egenhan-
diga Anteckningar af C. Linnzus om sig sjelf," 1823; ANTONIO
CATTANEO, "Cenni sulla Vita di C. Linne," 1838: " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale :" " Monthly Review" for July, 1785.

Linnaeus, (Linn6,) von, (CHARLES or CARL,) only
son of the preceding, was born at Fahlun in 1741. He
was chosen demonstrator of botany at the Royal Garden
of Upsal at the age of eighteen, and succeeded his father
as professor in the university of that place in 1778. He
published "Two Decades of Rare Plants of the Gar-
den of Upsal," "Methodus Muscorum," ("Method of
Mosses,") and a few other small works. His talents
were moderate. He died in 1783, and the family then
became extinct.

Linne. See LINN.US.

Lin'nell, (JoHN,) a successful English portrait- and
landscape-painter, born in London in 1792. Among
his well-known works are "A Heath Scene," "The
Windmill," (1847,) "The Eve of the Deluge," (1848,)
"The Return of Ulysses," (1849,) "Christ and the
Woman of Samaria," (1850,) "The Forest Road," (1853,)
" The Last Gleam before the Storm," " The Last Sleep,"



M



(1869.) " Sleeping for Sorrow," (1870,) "Shelter," (1871,)
"Forward," (1872,) "The Coming Storm," (1873,)
"Woods and Forest," (1875,) "Autumn," (1877,) and
"The Heath," (1878.) Died January 20, 1882.

Linschooten, van, vin lin'sKo'ten, (ADRIAAN,) a
skilful Dutch painter of history and genre, born at Delft
in 1590. Among his works is " The Repentance of Saint
Peter." Died about 1678.

Linschooten or Linschoten, van, (JAN HUGO,) .
Dutch voyager, born at Haarlem in 1563. He went to
Goa in 1583, and remained there several years in the
service of Archbishop Fonseca. After his return, he
published in 1596 an "Account of his Voyage, with a
Description of the Portuguese East Indies," which is
said to be reliable, and has often been reprinted. Died
in 1633.

Lins'kell, (MARY,) an English novelist, born at
Whitby in 1840. She wrote "Tales from the North
Riding," (1871,) "The Haven under the Hill,"
(1886,) and other works. Died in 1891..

Lint, van, van lint, (HENDRIK,) a skilful Flemish
landscape-painter, lived probably about 1630-50. He
worked in Rome, where he obtained the surname of
STUDIO. Among his works is "Views near Rome."

Lint, van, (PiETER,) a Flemish painter of history,
bnrn at Antwerp in 1609. He worked in Rome, and
afterwards at Antwerp, to which he returned in 1639,
and was patronized by Christian IV. of Denmark. He
was a good colorist, a correct designer, and painted
listory with equal success in large or small pictures.
Died about 1668.

Lin'toi), (ELIZA LYNN,) an English novelist, born at
Keswick in 1822. Her maiden name was LYNN. In
1858 she married W. J. Linton, the engraver. Among
ler works are " Azeth," (1846,) " True History of Joshua
Davidson," (1872,) "Patricia Kemball," (1874,)

lone," (1882,) " The One too Many," (1894,) etc.

Linton, (Sir JAMES DRUMGOLE,) an English
painter, born at London in 1840. He became a
member of the Institute of Water-Colour Painters in
1867, its president in 1884, and was knighted in 1885.
In oil he painted " The Marriage of the Duke of
Albany," (1885.)

Lin'ton, (WILLIAM,) an eminent English landscape-
painter, 'born at Liverpool about 1790. He became a
resident of London in his youth, and afterwards travelled
extensively in the South of Europe. The subjects of his
best works are Italian and Grecian scenes, among which
are "The Bay of Naples," "Lake Lugano," "Ruins
of Passtum," " Athens," and " An Arcadian Landscape."
His style is simple and rather austere. Died in 1876.

Linton, (WILLIAM JAMES,) an eminent wood-engraver
and author, born in London, December 7, 1812. He
took part (1844-48) in various Chartist and republican
movements. He removed in 1867 to the United States.
Among his works are a " History of Wood-Engraving,"
"Works of Deceased British Artists," (1860,) "Claribel,
and other Poems," (1865,) "Life of Thomas Paine,"
" History of Wood-Engraving in America," (1882,)
" A Manual of Wood-Engraving," (1884,) "Poems
and Translations," (1889,) "The Masters of Wood-
Engraving," (1889,) " Life of Whittier," (1893,) and
"Memories," (1895.) Died in 1897.

Li'nus, [Gr. Ai'vof,] a fabulous personage, whom the
ancients regarded as a son of Apollo or Mercury, and as
one of the inventors of poetry. He is called by some
authors a personification of the dirge. Among the an-
cient Greeks circulated a plaintive song or dirge called
"Linus," which is mentioned by Homer, ("Iliad," xviii.
569.) According to tradition, he was killed by Hercules,
who was his pupil.

Li'nus, [Fr. LIN, UN,] Bishop of Rome, was a nativo
of Volterra, in Tuscany. According to some accounts,
he became bishop in 66 A.D., and was the immediate
successor of Saint Peter. Little is known of his hi:
but it is supposed that he suffered martyrdom about
A.D. He is mentioned in Saint Paul's second Epistle tc
Timothy, chap. iv. 21.



t as *; c as t; g hard: g asy; G, H, K^Mural: N. naial; R, trilled: s as ,: th as in tffc ( [email protected]"See Explanations, p. :



LIONNE



1560



LIPS



IJonue, de, deh le'on', (HucuES,) Marquis de Berny,
i French statesman and diplomatist, bor.i at Grenoble
in 161 1. He was sent as ambassador to Rome in 1655.
He succeeded Mazarin in :66i as minister of foreign
affairs, which he directed with great ability for ten years.
Died in 1671

Ste SAINT-SIMON, " M^moires ;" SISMONDI, " Histoire des Fran-
eais."

Lionnet. See LYONNET.

Liotard, le'o'ttR', (JEAN ETIENNE,) a Swiss portrait-
painter, surnamed THE TURK, because he adopted the
Turkish costume, was born at Geneva in 1702. In 1725
he went to Paris, where he acquired reputation by his
skill in crayon and enamel miniatures. He worked four
years in Constantinople, (1738-42), painting Turkish cos-
tumes, etc. He afterwards painted portraits of the royal
families of Austria and France. Died in 1790.

See NAGLHR, " Allgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon,"

Liotard, (JEAN MICHEL,) a twin-brother of the pre-
ceding, born at Geneva in 1702, was an engraver, and
one of the best pupils of Benoit Audran. He engraved
the great cartoons of C. Cignani in Italy, and afterwards
worked in Paris. He returned to Geneva, where he
died about 1760.

Liouville, le'oo'vel', (JoSF/cii,) an able French mathe-
matician, born at Saint-Omer in 1809. He became in
1839 a member of the Institute. He wrote several im-
portant treatises, and edited for a long time a journal
of pure mathematics called by his name. -Died in 1882.

Lipano, de, da le-pa'no, COUNTESS, was the title
assumed by Caroline, Queen of Naples, after the death
of Murat, her husband. See BONAPARTE, (CAROLINE
MARIE.)

Liparlui, le-pa-ree'nee, (Lunovico,) an Italian painter
of history, born at Bologna in 1800 ; died in 1856.

Lipeuius, le-pa'ne-us, (MARTIN,) a learned German
bibliographer, born in Brandenburg in 1630, was rector
of gymnasiums at Halle and Stettin. He compiled
"Bibliotheca Juridica," (1679,) "Bibliotheca Realis, etc,
Philosophica," (2 vols., 1682,) " Bibliotheca Realis The-
ologica," (2 vols., 1685,) and other works. Died at
Lubeck in 1692.

See J. H. VON SEELEN, "Vita M. Lipenii," edited by JHNICHHN,
1737; NICKRON, " M^moires."

Lipinski, le-pen'skee, (CHARLES,) a celebrated Polish
violinist, born at Radzin in 1790. He received the title
of first violinist to the Emperor of Russia. Died 1861.

Lippert, lip'peRt, (PHILIPP DANIEL,) a German artist
and glyptographer, was born at Meissen in 1703. He
published " Dactyliotheca ; or, A Collection of Two
Thousand Prints of Antique Gems." Died in 1785.

Lippe-Schaumburg, von, fonlip'pehshowm'booRG,
(FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) COUNT, a German general, born
in London in 1724. He served several campaigns in the
Austrian army, and afterwards travelled in Italy. He
obtained the chief command of the British troops scut
in 1761 to aid Portugal, which he defended with success
against the Spaniards. Died in 1777.

See BROCKHAUS, " Conversations- Lexikon."

Lippi, lep'pee, (ANNIBALE,) a Roman architect, wco
lived in the sixteenth century.

Lippi, (FiLiPPO,)one of the most celebrated of the old
Italian painters in oil and fresco, born at Florence in 1412,
fyas a pupil of Masaccio. Before he was of age he was
captured by pirates and enslaved in Africa. His master
was so pleased with a portrait of himself, drawn with a
coal on the wall, that he gave the artist his liberty.
Lippi then returned to Florence, and adorned the
churches and convents of that city, and of Spoleto,



"The Coronation of the Virgin, "in fresco. He excelled
in invention design, and colouring, and is ranked among
the greatest painters before Raphael. Tied in 1469.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters ;" LANZI, " History of Paint-
ing in Italy:" BALDINUCCI, "Notizie;" TICOZZI, " Duionario."

Lippi, (FILIPPO or FILIPPINO,) son of the preceding,
was born at Florence in 1460, and became an excellent



painter. He studied with Sandro Botticelli, and worked
chiefly in Florence and Rome. He was distinguished
for his good taste and correctness of design, and was
perhaps the first painter among the moderns who treated
costumes and other accessories with propriety. Among
his master-pieces are "Saint Peter and Saint Paul before
the Proconsul," the " Death of Lucretia," at the Pitti
palace in Florence, several Madonnas, and frescos in
Santa Maria Novella, in the same city. Died in 1505.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters ;" LANZI, " History of Paint-
ing in Italy;" " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne>ale."

Lippi, (GlACOMO,) an Italian painter, born near Bo-
logna in the sixteenth century, was a pupil of L. Caracci.

Lippi, (LIPPO,) called LIPPO OF FLORENCE, a Floren-
tine painter, born in 1354, was the father of Filippo
Lippi, (1412-69.) His works, which are praised by
Vasari, are not now extant Died in 1415.

Lippi, (LORENZO,) a successful Italian painter and
poet, born at Florence in 1606, received lessons in art
from Roselli. He worked in Florence, and was reputed
one of the best draughtsmen of his time. "The Martyr-
dom of Saint Sebastian" and "The Triumph of David"
are called his master-pieces. He wrote a facetious poem
called "II Malmantile racquistato," (1676,) which was
admired and recognized by the Academy della Crusca
among the testi di lingua. Died in 1664.

See MRS. JAMESON, " Memoirs of Early Italian Painters ;" LANZI,
" History of Painting in Italy;" BALDINUCCI, "Notizie."

Lip'pin-cptt, JOSHUA B.,) an American publisher,
distinguished for his ability, energy, and enterprise,
was born in Burlington county, New Jersey, March 18,
1813. About 1828 he came to Philadelphia, and at an
early age commenced the publishing and bookselling
business, which he conducted successfully. In 1850 he
purchased the business of Messrs. Grigg & Elliot, and
the firm of which he became the head soon took its place
among the most distinguished publishing houses in the
United States. Died January 5, 1886.

Lippincott, (SARAH J.,) a popular American writer,
whose original name was CLARKE, was born at Pompey,
in Onondaga county, New York, about 1825. Her first
productions appeared in the New York " Mirror," under
the pseudonym of GRACE GREENWOOD. She also
contributed to the " National Era," Washington. Her
principal works are "Greenwood Leaves," (1850-52,)
" Haps and Mishaps of a Tour in Europe," (1852,)
"Forest Tragedy, and Other Tales," (1856,) " Rec-
ords of Five Years," (1867,) " New Life in New
Lands," (1873,) and "Life of Queen Victoria,"
(1883.) She was married in 1853 to Leander K.
Lippincott, of Philadelphia, where she became editor
of a popular juvenile periodical called " The Little
Pilgrim."

Lippman, (GABRIEL,) a French electrician, was
born at Hallerich, Luxembourg, in 1845. He in-
a highly delicate electrometer and other instru-
, and experimented in colour photography. He
was professor of mathematical physics at Paris in
1883, and of experimental physics in 1886. His
writings are on electrical subjedts.

Lippo OF FLORENCE. See LIPPI.

Lippomani, lep-po-mi'nee, (ALOISIO,) a learned Ital-
ian prelate, born at Venice about 1500. He obtained
successively the bishoprics of Modon, Verona, and Ber-
gamo, and was one of three prelates selected to preside
over the Council of Trent. In 1556 he became secretary
to Pope Julius III. Hewrote, besides a few other works,
commentaries on Genesis, Exodus, and the Psalms. Died
in 1559-

Liprandi, le-pR3in'dee, (PAUL PETROVITCH,) a Rus
sian general, born in 1796, distinguished himself at the
taking of Warsaw, in 1831, and in the Crimean war took
(1854) the Turkish fortress at Kadikoi. Died in 1864.

Lips, lips, (JoHANN HEINRICH,) a Swiss painter, de-
signer, and engraver, born near Zurich in 1758. Among
his best works are the engravings for Lavater's "Phys-
iognomical Fragments," and a "Saint Sebastian," iftei
Van Dyck. Died in 1817.



i, e, 1, 5, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; inSt; ndt; good; moon;



LIPSE



1561



LISTER



Lipae, (JusTE.) See LIPSIUS.

Lipsius, lip'se-us, (JUSTUS,) [Fr. JUSTE LIPSE, zhiisi
leps,] a Flemish scholar, critic, and philologist of high
reputation, was born at Isque, between Brussels and
Louvain, in 1547. He was educated at Brussels and
Louvain. At the age of nineteen he produced "Various
Readings," (" Variae Lectiones,") which were received
with favour. He was professor of history in Jena two

Cirs, ending in 1574, and occupied the same chair a!
yden from 1579 to 1592. About this time he became a
Roman Catholic, and was afterwards professor of history
at Louvain. lie wrote many works nn history, criticism,
antiquities, etc., which were very popular in his time.
His best work, according to Scaliger, is a commentary
on Tacitus, (1574,) whose history, it is said, he knew by
heart. His admiration of Tacitus and Seneca spoiled
his Latinity, which was affectedly concise. His moral
character is said to have been good. Died in 1606.

Lipsius, (RICHARD ADELBERT,) a German theo-
logian, born at Gera in 1830. He studied at Leipzig,
and was successively professor at Vienna, Kiel, and
Jena. He wrote several theological works, the latest
being " Philosophic und Religion," (1885.) Died in
1892.

Liron, le'rAN', (JEAN,) a learned French Benedictine
monk, born at Chartres in 1665, lived in Paris and at
Mans. Among his works are " The Amenities of Criti-
cism," (2 vols., 1717,) and a curious book called " His-
toric and Literary Oddities," (" Singularites historiquea
et litteraires," 4 vols., 1734-40.) Died in 1749.

Liruti, le-roo'tee, (GIOVANNI GIUSEPPE,) an Italian
Antiquary, born in Friuli about 1710; died in 1780.

Lis, Us or less, (CHARLES AUGUSTE,) a Belgian com-
poser, born at Antwerp in 1784; died in 1845.

las or Lys, liss, or Van der Lys, vfn der liss, (JAN,)


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 95 of 425)