classical the students in the rules of Latin prosody, and in the structure and
the"colleee e l e g ance peculiar to the several sorts of Latin verse.
"2. That Caesar's Commentaries, or some other approved clas-
sical prose author (besides Tully) be recited, with a design to
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 497
initiate the students more fully in the use of proper words and APPENDIX,
phrases ; and in the method of placing words in Latin prose ;
and to this end Plan to
" 3. That there be frequent exercises of translating out of Latin classical
. , ,-, ,. , , * learning in
into English, and vice versa. theCollege.
" 4. That Homer's Odyssey, or some other approved Greek poet
be learned, in order to indoctrinate the students in the true method
of pronouncing Greek, according to the quantity of syllables; and
to remedy that barbarous pronunciation by accents, which generally
" 5. That Xenophon's Cyropsedia, Demosthenes's Select Orations,
or some other approved Greek prose composition (besides the New
Testament), be recited, in view of carrying the knowledge of that
noble language to a greater length, and that the elegance and
peculiarities of that language be pointed out to the students.
" 6. That there be sometimes dialogistic exercises in Latin or
English ; and that particular care be taken, that not only the style
be proper, and the words and expressions well chosen, but that the
delivery be attended with due emphasis, pause, and action.
" 7. That no student be obliged to compose in verse ; but, if any
discover a genius and fondness for that sort of composition, that the
instructor be obliged to encourage and assist him."
No. XIV. See p. 133.
PLAN FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE TUTORS' WORK
" The committee, appointed the first Tuesday of May last, to con- Plan for the
sider of a more proper distribution of the work or service of Tutors, O f the Tu-
have had several meetings for that purpose, and have projected a
plan which here followeth, and which, in the opinion of the com-
mittee will, when carried into execution, be attended with many
advantages to the society ; but, as it will cause a great change in the
long-established manner of proceeding, the committee did not think
it proper to report that it should be immediately entered upon, but
submit to the Honorable and Reverend Board, the determination
whether the present or some future time may be most convenient,
and whether any preparatory measures are necessary or not.
" In the name and by order of the committee.
" THO. HUTCHINSON."
VOL. II. 63
498 HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
APPENDIX " The Plan abovementioned.
NO. xiv. For the advancement of learning, it is proposed, that one of the
Plan for the Tutors shall teach Latin ; another, Greek ; another, Logic, Meta-
P h y sics > Ethics; and the other, Natural Philosophy, Geography,
tors' work Astronomy, and the elements of the Mathematics. That all the
scholars shall attend the Tutors on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednes-
days, and Thursdays, three times a day, and once a day on Fridays
and Saturdays, during their four years' residence at College in term
time, excepting Commencement week. And that the senior sophis-
ters shall not be obliged to attend any of the exercises, after the last
" That the senior sophisters shall attend the Tutors A on Mon-
days, B on Tuesdays, C on Wednesdays, D on Thursdays.
" That the junior sophisters shall attend B on Mondays, C on
Tuesdays, D on Wednesdays, A on Thursdays.
' That the sophomores shall attend C on Mondays, D on Tues-
days, A on Wednesdays, B on Thursdays.
" That the freshmen shall attend D on Mondays, A on Tuesdays,
B on Wednesdays, C on Thursdays.
" That on Friday and Saturday mornings each class shall be in-
structed by a distinct Tutor, in Elocution, Composition in English,
Rhetoric, and other parts of the Belles-Lettres.
" That the Divinity Professor shall instruct all the scholars in
"That, to prevent the great inconvenience attending some of the
scholars going home at one time, and some at another, in the spring
and fall, to procure clothing, as they heretofore have been permitted
to do, it is proposed, that there shall be a short vacation in the
spring and fall ; arid that I'M. term time no scholar shall go out of
Cambridge, unless upon some very special occasion, and that liberty
be granted therefor, at a meeting of the President, Professors, and
Tutors, by the major part of them. By these regulations the
scholars will not be absent from College more in the course of the
year, than they are according to the present practice, and yet they
will be at less expense for diet.
" That public gifts shall be prohibited, and in lieu thereof each
scholar shall pay one shilling and nine pence, lawful money, quar-
terly, in addition to the tuition money, and the Tutors shall be paid
annually, out of the College treasury, a guinea for each scholar that
takes his first degree, to be divided equally amongst the four.
" At a meeting of the Overseers, May 6th, 1766. Voted, That this
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 499
Report, so far as it recommends a division of the services of the APPENDIX,
Tutors, according to the sciences and branches of literature, be No ' XIV-
approved, and that the Corporation be desired to make a law, to Plan for the
carry it into execution, in such a manner as shall correspond with of the Tu-
ii_ e j.i- T r t rs ' work
the services of the Professors. an( j serv j ce .
"Voted, That the last article of the Report, relative to the public
gifts to the Tutors be approved, and that it be recommended to the
Corporation to propose a law agreeable to it.
" Attested per ANDREW ELIOT, Secretary."
No. XV. See p. 135.
LIST OF PECUNIARY MULCTS.
Absence from prayers, Q 02 List of
Tardiness at prayers, 001
Absence from Professor's public lecture, 004
Tardiness at do. 002
Profanation of Lord's Day, not exceeding 030
Absence from public worship, 009
Tardiness at do. 003
111 behaviour at public worship, not exceeding 016
Going to meeting before bell-ringing, 006
Neglecting to repeat the sermon, 009
Irreverent behaviour at prayers, or public divinity lectures, 016
Absence from chambers, &c., not exceeding 006
Not declaiming, not exceeding 016
Not giving up a declamation, not exceeding 016
Absence from recitation, not exceeding 016
Neglecting analysing, not exceeding 030
Bachelors neglecting disputations, not exceeding 016
Respondents neglecting do. from Is. 6d. to 3
Undergraduates out of town without leave, not exceeding 026
Undergraduates tarrying out of town without leave, not
exceeding per diem, 013
Undergraduates tarrying out of town one week without
leave, not exceeding 10
Undergraduates tarrying out of town one month without
leave, not exceeding 2100
Lodging strangers without leave, not exceeding 016
Entertaining persons of ill character, not exceeding 016
500 HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
APPENDIX, Going out of College without proper garb, not exceeding .006
No ' v ' Frequenting taverns, not exceeding 016
List of Profane cursing, hot exceeding 026
pecuniary . ,. _ _ _
mulcts. Graduates playing cards, not exceeding 050
Undergraduates playing cards, not exceeding 026
Undergraduates playing any game for money, not exceeding 016
Selling and exchanging without leave, not exceeding 016
Lying, not exceeding 016
Opening door by pick-locks, not exceeding 050
Drunkenness, not exceeding I 6
Liquors prohibited under penalty, not exceeding 016
Second offence, not exceeding 030
Keeping prohibited liquors, not exceeding 016
Sending for do. 006
Fetching do. 016
Going upon the top of the College, 016
Cutting off the lead, 016
Concealing the transgression of the 19th Law, 016
Tumultuous noises, 016
Second offence, 030
Refusing to give evidence, 030
Rudeness at meals, 010
Butler and cook to keep utensils clean, not exceeding 050
Not lodging at their chambers, not exceeding 016
Sending freshmen in studying time, 009
Keeping guns, and going on skating, 010
Firing guns or pistols in College yard, 026
Fighting or hurting any person, not exceeding 016
No. XVI. Seep. 142.
ACCOUNT OF THE ALFORD PROFESSORSHIP OF NATURAL
RELIGION, MORAL PHILOSOPHY, AND CIVIL POLITY, IN
Account of The Honorable John Alford, Esq., bequeathed (after a number
Professor- f legacies to his relations and others) the remainder, being a very
ship. large part, of his estate, to pious and charitable uses, at the discre-
tion of his executors, Edmund Trowbridge, Esq. and Mr. Richard
Gary, merchant. Exception being taken to this Will by the heirs
at law, after divers contests before the Judge of Probate, and while
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 501
an appeal to the Governor and Council was yet pending, a compo- APPENDIX,
sition being recommended ; the parties for the regulation of their
conduct therein, desired the Hon. Thomas Hutchinson, Thomas Account of
Hubbard, and James Russell, Esq. and Jeremy Gridley and James Professor-
Otis, Esqrs., to favor them with their opinion. These gentlemen, 8 If> '
upon consideration of the whole matter, unanimously advised to a
composition, and that, after the payment of the debts of the testa-
tor, and the specific legacies in the Will, the remaining estate being
divided into ten parts, be distributed ; six tenths among his heirs
and relations, and the remaining four tenth parts be applied to such
pious and charitable uses as the executors, after having consulted
some reverend and good gentlemen, in their discretion should think
most fit and proper. And the parties aforesaid having duly con-
sidered the opinion of these gentlemen, concluded and agreed to
determine the said appeal, and all matters in dispute, in the manner
aforesaid recommended. The executors, Mr. Trowbridge and Mr.
Gary, finding that the testator in some former Wills, had, after some
small charitable legacies, bequeathed largely to the Propagation
of the Gospel among the Indians, to Harvard College, and to the
College in New Jersey, where the greater part of his estate lay, and,
being willing to conform to the mind of the testator, determined,
reserving some small part for particular pious uses, to distribute the
four tenths aforesaid, in manner following ; viz. one third part to
Harvard College, in Cambridge, one third part to the College in
New Jersey, and one third part for the Propagation of the Gospel
among the Indians.
Particular appropriation of the moneys paid out of the estate
of the late Honorable John Alford of Charlestown, Esq., by the
Honorable Edmund Trowbridge, Esq., and Richard Gary, Esq.,
executors of his last will and testament.
" Know all men, that whereas we, Edmund Trowbridge, of
Cambridge, in the county of Middlesex, Esq., and Richard Gary,
of ChaLestown in said county, Esq., executors of the last will
and testament of the Hon. John Alford, late of Charlestown afore-
said, Esq., deceased, did, at several times between the fifteenth
day of March, A. D. 1765, and the first day of June, A. D. 1782
put into the treasury of Harvard College, in Cambridge, thirteen
hundred and sixty-two pounds, eight shillings, and five pence, law-
ful money, part of the said Alford's estate, to be by their Treasurer
let out and kept upon interest, and the growing interest added to
502 HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
APPENDIX, the principal yearly, until such a capital should be raised, as that
the interest thereof would be sufficient to support in said College a
the Alford professor of some particular science of public utility, and then to be
Professor- regularly appropriated to that use ; and whereas by reason of the
late war, and the evils that attended it, this is not yet done, and there
is no probability of such a capital being so raised during our lives :
" We do therefore now appropriate the said thirteen hundred and
sixty-two pounds, eight shillings, and five pence, and the interest
thereof, to the said treasury, to and for the support of a Professor
of Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Civil Polity, in the
said College for ever, whose principal duty it shall be, by lectures and
private instruction, to demonstrate the existence of a Deity or First
Cause, to prove and illustrate his essential attributes, both natural
and moral, to evince and explain his providence and government,
together with the doctrine of a future state of rewards and punish-
ments; also to deduce and enforce the obligations which man is
under to his Maker, and the duties which he owes him, resulting
from the perfections of the Deity, and from his own rational nature ;
together with the most important duties of social life, resulting
from the several relations which men mutually bear to each other ;
and likewise the several duties which respect ourselves, founded not
only in our own interest, but also in the will of God ; interspersing
the whole with remarks, showing the coincidence between the
doctrines of Revelation and the dictates of reason, in these impor-
tant points : and lastly, notwithstanding this coincidence, to state
the absolute necessity and vast utility of a Divine revelation.
" He shall also read a distinct course of lectures upon that
branch of Moral Philosophy which respects the Application of the
Law of Nature to Nations and their relative rights and duties ; and
also, on the absolute necessity of civil government in some form,
and the reciprocal rights and duties of magistrates and of the people,
resulting from the social compact ; and also on the various forms
of government which have existed or may exist in the world,
pointing out their respective advantages and disadvantages, and
what form of government is best adapted to promote the greatest
happiness of mankind.
" And to the end that a regular and systematical division of the
foregoing subjects, and of all the other branches of science, which
come under this Institution, may be had and preserved, as well as
a due proportion of time devoted to each, it is declared, that the
said Professor shall be under the control of the President, Fellows,
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 503
and Overseers of the said College, who may from time to time give APPENDIX,
such directions relative thereto, as they shall judge fit and proper,
and as shall be consistent with the rules and orders of this In- Account of
" The said Professor shall read his lectures on Natural Religion s lp<
to all the four classes of undergraduates; those on Moral Philosophy,
to the two Senior classes ; and those on Civil Polity to the Senior
class only ; provided nevertheless, that the officers of the College,
and resident graduates, as likewise such other gentlemen as the
Corporation shall permit, shall have a right to attend all or any of
the lectures aforementioned.
." Such Professor shall be chosen by the President and Fellows,
and approved by the Overseers, of the said College, when there shall
in their judgment be a sufficient fund for his support, raised either
in the manner aforesaid, or, for the present, with the assistance of
the College or otherwise, until he can properly be supported in the
manner first proposed. But, notwithstanding such temporary assist-
ance, the said John Alford, Esq., shall be deemed and considered as
the founder of this professorship, and the Professor shall be called
the Alford Professor of Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and
" And we do hereby institute and appoint, that the said Professor
shall, from time to time, as occasion may require, be elected by the
President and Fellows, and approved by the Overseers, of the said
College ; that he shall be a Master of Arts, and bear the character
of a learned, pious, and honest man ; that he shall be at all times
under the care and inspection of the said President, Fellows, and
Overseers, who shall order and appoint the times and places for
reading his public and private lectures, and see that the Professor
duly attend the business of his office, and faithfully discharge the
trust aforesaid, reposed in him ; and, as a regular and faithful dis-
charge thereof will be sufficient to employ his whole time and
thoughts, he shall not, while he holds the said office, be a pastor or
teacher of any church or congregation, or an instructor in any
other science; that the said Professor shall hold his office during
his good behaviour, and that he be removable from it by the said
President, Fellows, and Overseers, for want of ability to execute the
trust, or for misbehaviour in the office, or for immoral and scandal-
ous behaviour out of it.
" That the Professor, on the day of his inauguration, shall, in
the presence of the President, Fellows, and Overseers of the said
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
APPENDIX, College, profess and declare himself to be of the Protestant Re-
' formed Religion, and a member of a Protestant church, and shall
th CC AJf \d f P rom ' se to discharge with diligence and fidelity, the sacred trust
Professor- aforesaid reposed in him ; that he will endeavour, as well by his
example as otherwise, to encourage and promote virtue, true re-
ligion, and piety; and that he will religiously observe the aforesaid
Institutes of the Founder of this Professorship.
" That, upon the death or removal of a Professor, the vacancy
shall be filled up by the President, Fellows, and Overseers, (in the
same manner as the former Professor was appointed,) with a person
in all respects qualified for the office, and prepared as aforesaid to
" Witness our hands and seals this eighteenth day of February,
A. D. 1789.
" EDMUND TROWBRIDGE, [L. s.]
RICHARD CARY, [L. s.]
" Signed, sealed, and delivered
in presence of
JOHN FOXCROFT, ) , ., . , , , . ,
JAMES FIILBBROWN, } b * the said lrowbrid g e -
T, i j
No. XVII. Seep. 143.
EXTRACT FROM THE WILL OF THE HONORABLE THOMAS
HANCOCK, OF BOSTON.
[Recorded in the Probate Records in the County of Suffolk, Lib. 63, page 140.]
" I give unto the President and Fellows of Harvard College in
Cambridge, the sum of one thousand pounds sterling, and order
that the whole income be applied to the support and maintenance
of some person, who shall be elected by the President and Fellows,
with the approbation and consent of the Overseers, to profess and
teach the Oriental Languages, especially the Hebrew, in said
" The Professor who shall receive the benefit of the donation,
shall discharge the duties of his profession and office, in such
manner, and according to such rules and orders as shall be appoint-
ed and established by the President and Fellows, with the consent
of the Overseers. And previous to his induction into this office, he
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
shall declare himself to be of the Protestant Reformed Religion, as APPENDIX,
it is now professed and practised by the Churches in New England. No - xvn-
The said Professor shall also be removed from his office at the dis- Extract
cretion of the President, Fellows, and Overseers of said College for w m O f e
the time being, inasmuch as I fully rely on their wisdom and integ-
rity, that this will never be done without some very good and suf-
" And it is my will, that, as soon as may be after my decease, as
also after the decease or removal of any Professor upon this founda-
tion, the President and Fellows proceed to the choice of some per-
son to this office and trust, to be by them presented to the Over-
seers for their approbation and consent ; but, if the Overseers shall
apprehend any unreasonable delay in this matter, in that case they
may proceed by themselves to the appointment of a Professor.
" It is also my will, that all the income of the donation, during
the time the Professorship may be necessarily and unavoidably va-
cant, shall be added to the capital sum for the better support and
encouragement of succeeding Professors."
No. XVIII. See p. 143.
VOTE OF THE CORPORATION ON THE DONATIONS OF
THOMAS HANCOCK AND JOHN HANCOCK.
" At a meeting of the President and Fellows of Harvard College,
July 15th, 1767, being Commencement day. John Hancock, Esq.,
having this day sent to us his account of the books which his uncle,
the Hon. Thomas Hancock, Esq., founder of the Professorship for
the Hebrew and other Oriental languages had proposed to give to
our library, and also of those, which he himself had given, the Cor-
poration came into the following vote.
" The late Hon. Thomas Hancock, Esq., founder of the Profes-
sorship of Hebrew and other Oriental languages in this College,
having signified his intention to subscribe, towards the restoration of
the library, the sum of five hundred pounds sterling, the completion
of which was prevented by the sudden death of that gentleman,
whose name is endeared to all the friends of literature, and will
long be remembered with gratitude and respect ;
" And his nephew and residuary legatee, John Hancock, Esq.,
having at once demonstrated his generous affection to the College,
and done honor to the memory of his uncle, by voluntarily fulfilling
VOL. ii. 64
Vote of the
tion on the
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.
Vote of the
tion on the
his noble intention, and giving in his name a collection of books, to
the amount of the above sum, the receipt of which is hereby ac-
knowledged, at the same time still further enriching the library by a
large addition of chosen authors ;
" Voted, That the thanks of this Corporation be given to John
Hancock, Esq., for this lasting monument of his bounty and public
affection, and that Mr. Eliot and Mr. Cooper be desired to wait on
Mr. Hancock with a copy of this vote."
No. XIX. See p. 167.
DIPLOMA CONFERRING THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF LAWS
ON GEORGE WASHINGTON.
" April 3d, 1776. At a meeting of the President and Fel-
lows at Watertown, Voted, that the following Diploma be presented
to his Excellency General Washington, as an expression of the
gratitude of this College for his eminent services in the cause of
his country and to this Society.
" Senatus Academiae Cantabrigiensis in Nov-Anglia omnibus
in Christo fidelibus, ad quos literae przesentes pervenerint, salutem
in Domino sempiternam.
" Cum eum in finem Gradus Academici instituti fuerint, ut Viri
scientia, sapientia, et virtute insignes, qui de Re literaria et de
Re Publica optime meruerint, honoribus hisce laureatis remunera-
rentur ; maxime decet ut honore tali afficiatur Vir illustrissimus
Georgius Washington, Armiger, Exercitus Coloniarum in America
Frederatarum Imperator praeclarus, cujus scientia et amor patriae
undique patent: qui, propter eximias virtutes tarn civiles quam
militares, primum, a civibus suis Legatus electus, in Consessu
celeberrimo Americano de Libertate, ad extremum periclitata, et de
Salute publica, fideliter et peritissime consuluit; deinde, postulante
Patria, sedem in Virginia amo3nissimam et res proprias perluben-
ter reliquit, ut per omnes castrorum labores et pericula, nulla mer-
cede accepta, Nov-Angliam ab armis Britannorum iniquis et cru-
delibus liberaret, et Colonias cameras tuereter; et qui, sub Auspiciis
Divinis maxime spectandis, ab Urbe Bostonia, per undecim menses
clausa, munita, et plusquam septem millium militum pra?sidio firma-
ta, naves et copias hostium in fugam praecipitem et probrosam
deturbavit ; adeo ut cives, plurimis duritiis et saevitiis oppressi,
HISTORY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 507
tandem salvi Isetentur, villae vicinae quiescant, atque sedibus suis APPENDIX,
Acaderma nostra restituatur. ,
" Sciatis iffitur, quod nos Prseses et Socii Collegii HarVardini in Diploma of
Cantabrigia Nov-Anglorum (consentientibus honorandis admodum et Laws pre-
reverendis Academiae nostrse Inspectoribus) Dominum supradictum, George
summo honore dignum, Georgium Washington, Doctorem Utriusque
Juris, turn Naturae et Gentium, turn Civilis, statuimus et creavimus,
eique simul dedimus et concessimus omnia jura, privilegia, et
honores ad istum gradum pertinentia.
" In cujus rei testimonium nos, communi sigillo Universitatis
hisce literis affixo, chirographa apposuimus die tertio Aprilis, anno