Juan José Warner.

An historical sketch of Los Angeles county, California. From the Spanish occupancy, by the founding of the mission San Gabriel Archangel, September 8, 1771, to July 4, 1876 online

. (page 10 of 15)
Online LibraryJuan José WarnerAn historical sketch of Los Angeles county, California. From the Spanish occupancy, by the founding of the mission San Gabriel Archangel, September 8, 1771, to July 4, 1876 → online text (page 10 of 15)
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in many places for a distance of tn cut^y miles. Amon^si Hi" n-irniw escapes
from tallin - bui!dim;'s, is that of the lady of Captain li ' .a, A-^si.^.

iant Quarterma- icr, ^vllo is absent from the post on olhv . -i, Li . ^ tinu' to
escape from his bed amid4 ""tlu' iMliirj,- of planter, the c'.., -iiinu oi maleiial,
tailing of chimneys, etc. The liac ni dl ruption seems tn cMei.ii ;i-(,ri -oath
east to northwesr. I\[r. David ^\'. Alexander, in fnun San kinii;dii> Ilaucuo,
reports that the beds of man_y .small streams have bei n enlarged, and no^^
form almo.-t rivers; anil that immense numbers of ll-h liaxe been throvru
out of the lakes ujjon the dry land. On January 2()ih, another severe shock
was felt, and \ ilirations liad b •( n of frequent occurrer.i e m( anwhile. The
irooj.s lieiook thcm.sehes u, tlR^ir tents'. The laul !',i_ ■. ■•:i.i' d ))v Lieut,
r,.]. Be.dl, Major Blake, :,[aior (4ricr,Li( 1 ' '■ aid

"[Ih i .'u.'.eall cracked ami variou-ly ii, Ir,

a- \,.. lound out on cooh r insjjeciiw.i."

Since 1857, there has iieen no shock in this section of the State tliai has
attracted more than a slighl notice irom the inhabitants i.-cieivrlly;

Certandy avc Ivavv not violated the maxim — "ha.-len :i'.v, ly." The Scna-
lor, Capt. Thomas Scehy, three times a mouth, and the o..-;c;icl stage three
times a week, in the Summer of 185!>, were god sends to the pu!/ii>-. At sea,
we were glad to have ]iarted with Ohio, Goliah, Sea Bird, and Souliieruer, al-
though memory is true to the ]>leasant coiiii>aiiionshij) of their ITalevs and
other officers. ' On land we hailed "Wells, Fa-o e; ( \.., April 11, V^r)l] when
'■Buck" — A. AV. Buchanan, Esq. — caiue dowa io ^.-iahUsh a branch ; and have
pardoned Orcgory's great Atlantic anil Paeiiic K:qire;^s, of IS.'il, andthe mails
— a nKmth and nineteiai days from the East. AVe v.elconn.'d Paul and Chap-
man June 4t]i, isr;!), with iiieir '•ren-ular line once a week" to San Diego —
180 miles. What a contrast : The present, vdth the stages of David Smith
semi-moutldy to Visalia, .'.le.il, 1837, and this, when a little over two years
before we luid made the Tejon road, at a cost of $6,000. The same year we
had three wind-mills in the county. January 7, IS.-.H, TTeman C. Cardwell
had just introduced Ilovey's seedling strawberiaes. l'\) to September, IBrM,
there Averc no bee-hives in the county.' January 1st, I:s7G, there were 10,o8t)
Jiives. Then, too, "the finest orchard in Southern California," said the Star,
was that of Wm. M. Stockton, near San Gabriel ]^Jission, in sight of Fair}-
Lake Vineyard. The first U. S. patent v/as issued iu 18.")',) to Don Manuel Do-
miuguez, for San Pedro rancho. "We did not uct the telegraph until the end
of 18tiO. Travel liad so far improved by December, lS(;i,'tluit Cattick tt Go's
stages were aide to "leave Los Angeles'on .Mondays and Thursdays, return-
ing Tuesdays and S.alnrdays" — 02 miles; daily "we go to breakfast at Los
Angei;s, tj'oni San Bernardino, and back to it's fountains and groves ere
nightfall. In the full fruition of railway communication between the At-
lantic and Pacihc — v»ilh a promise from every "sign of the limes" of new
lines ol travel between ocean and ocean over other sections of our country —
we may not forget that the first earnest puldic announcement of such bless-
ing emanated from a gentleman who v,'as then and is a citizen of Los Ange-
les. John J. Warner, being on a visit to Connecticut (his native Stale), by
request of friends, prepared a lecture on Califoini;;. This was delivered be-
fore a society at Rochester, JST. Y., and afterwai'ds at L'pper Middletowu.
Conn., in the latter part of the year 1810; and ( arly in 1841, portions of the
same were published in the New York Journal of Commerce. Mr. W. ad-
vanced and demonstrated the proposition that the trade of Eui'ope and the At-
lantic States of the Union, with China, could be carried across the continent


more advantageously by rail than by a ship canal at Panama. To him, then,
we give the meed of praise for the first suggeslion of this great enterprise.

San Pedro was often lively in 1840 — and had been so in Mission times
— by tlu! trading vessels engaged, with active competition, in the purchase of
hides and tallow. Francis Melius gives a list of those on this coast, Ausfust
23d of that year, thirteen in number, as follows: "Ships— California (Capt.
Arthur), Alciope (Clapp), Monsoon (Vincent), Alert (Phelps); Barques— In-
de.x (Scott), Clara (Walters); Hermaphrodite brigs— Leouidas (Stevens), Aya-
cucha (Dare) ; Brigs-— Juan Jose (Duukio), Bolivar (Nye); Schooners — Fly
(Wilson), California (Coopei-), Nymph, formerly Norse (Fitch), and two more
expected." From 1844 to 1849 "the merchants at Los Angeles city were,
John Temple, Abel Stearns, Charles W. Flugge — found dead September 1st,
1852, on the plains below tliis city— B. D. Wilson and Albert Packard (Wil-
son & Packard), and Alexander Bell. To these add, in 1849, Antonio Cota,
Jose Antonio Menendez, from Spain; Juan Domingo, Netherlands; Jose
Mascarel, of Marseilles, and John Belm, of Grand Dutcliy Baden. The last
named came in 1848. He quit business in the Fall of 18o3, died December
6th, 18G8. Madame Salandie is to be added to those of '49. She came on
the same ship with Lorenzo Lecke from Pennsylvania in that year, started at
once a little store, butcher sho]), loaning moiicy, and general speculation.
Juan Domingo came lo California in 1829, by '.vay of Ijima, married here,
was quite noted, dic'd December 20th, 1858.

The first steamer that ever visited San Pedro was the Goldhunter, in
1849 — a side-wheel, which made the voyage from San Francisco to Mazatlan,
touching at way ports. The next was the old Ohio. At San Pedro, from
1844 to 1849, Temiile Ov Alexander — D. W. Alexander — had the only general
store, and they carried on all the forwarding business. The first four-wheel
vehicle in this county, except an old-fashioned Spanish carriage belonging
to the IMission Priests, was a rockaway carriage which this firm bought of
Capt. Kane, Major Graham's Quartermaster, in January, 1849, paying him
$1,000 for the carriage and two xVmeiican horses. It created a'sensation
like that of the first Wilmington railway car on the 2Gth day of October,1868.
Goods were forwarded to Los Angeles, twenty-four miles, in carts, each with
two yoke of oxen, yoked b}^ the horns. The regular train was of ten carts,
like the California frt/VY^/x. Tlu body was the same, liut they had spoked
wheels tired, which were imported fnJm Boston. Freight was $1.00 per hun-
dred weight; now it is $1.00 per ton. This slyle of importation continued
until after 1850. The firststageline was started Ijv Alexanders & Banning
in 1852; the next by that man of iron, J. J. Tom'linscm, whose death was
early for the public good, June 7th, 1867. In 1851, D. W. Alexander pur-
chased at Sacramento ten heavy freight wagons that had been sent in from
Salt Lake by Ben Holliday, and in 1853 a wnoie train, fourteen wagons and
168 mules, that had come through from Chihuahua, paying therefor $23,000.
So ox-carts were supplanted.

Alexander & Melius became a new firm, at Los Angeles City, in 1850,
continuing until 1856. Wilson &• Packard dissolved December, 1851. John
Temple and Alexander Bell kept up their separate stores. Other mer-
chants of 1850 were: Jacob Elias, Charles Ductmimon, Samuel Arbuekle,
Waldemar, O. W. Childs, and J. D. Hicks— Childs & Hicks; Charles Bur-
roughs, who died May 30th, 1856; M. Michaels, H. Jacol)y, of violin celeb-
rity, and who went rich to Europe; Jr^'dan, Jose Vicente Guerrero, Jose
Maria Fuentes, Jose Baltazar, of Prussia, Kimpau, Fritze & Co., with Morris
L. Goodwin, Clerk, John Belm and Frank Laumeistre, a German; afterward,
in the same j'ear, Behn & Lamitre, and Mattias Savichi. This estimable
gentleman was of Dalmatia. He died June, 1852, at sea, bound from Saiul
Thomas to London, leaving two young sons, of whom Francisco Savichi
survives, a ])rominent citizen of Los Angeles. Georg-c Walters also had
commenced business in this year. He was born at New Orleans, April 22d,
1809. After trapping and trading adventures in the Rocky Mountains, at
Fort Hall, and elsewhere, under Captain Wyatt, and teaming between West-


port, Bent's Fort, and Uanta Fe, at last, near the end of 1844, he left New-
Mexico, in company of Jim Beckwith, James Waters (of San Bernardino),
and others, and made his home at Los Angeles ; and was not long in becom-
ing one of the Chino prisoners, with B. D. Wilson and Louis Roubidoux.
He enjoys advancing age, in the possession of good property. Mr. Wilson
T\ftas Indian Agent, for Southern California, in 1853; in the same year made
his place on Alameda street, which he sold to the Sisters of Charity for their
Institute ; and in 1854 began to put into effect his plans for Lake'Vineyard.
He removed there in 1856. He was born at Nashville, Tennessee, in 1811 —
is still full of enterprise. Mr. Packard went to Santa Barbara, entered into
the practice of law, with horticultural improvements; is well ofl'. John O.
Wheeler and Osias Morgan — Wheeler & Morgan, until September, 1853 — be-
gan in September, 1841), with trading establishments at Riucon, San Luis
Rev, Pala, Agua Calieute. In May, 1850, after John Glanton had been killed
by "the Indians, they put up a branch at Fort Yuma. They, in fact, succeeded
Wilson & Packard", in tlieir store, in August, 1850. Mr. Morgan died several
years ago. Mr. Wheeler was Clerk of the U. S. District Court, of the
Southern District of California, from 1861 until its discontinuance, in 1866 ;
then Deputy Clerk of the Circuit Court; from 1870 to 1873, Chief Clerk of
the California Indian Superintendency, Col. B. C. Whiting, Superintendent;
Deputy Collector of U. S. Internal Revenue of Second Division, First Dis-
trict, comprising Los Angeles, San Bernardino and San Diego Counties,
which office he resigned January 1st, 1876.

In 1851, '52, '53, appear Lazard, Arbuckle «& Bauman, Lazard & Bauman,
S. Lazard & Co., Lazard & Kremer ; Douglass & Sanford, 1852 ; Childs, Hicks
& Wadhams (O. W. Childs, horticulturi'st, since 1850); Thomas Brown &
Prudent Beaudry; Myles & Hereford— Dr. Henry R. Myles; Bauman &
Katz ; Hoffman & Laublieim ; P. Beaudry & Armand Lemaitre until Decem-
ber, 1852, then P. Beaudry & Co.: Thomas S. Hereford; J. S. Mallard.
January, 1853, there were three large dry goods' stores, and ten or more
smaller houses that also kept a general assortment. Half a dozen others sold
groceries and provisions exclusively. The liquor shop — its name was
" legion." John Schumacher was here in 1848, one of Colonel Stevenson's
regiment ; went to the mines ; returned in the Spring of 1853 ; put up a^
grocery and provision store. He is of Wirtemberg. In the same year he
introduced lager bier, from San Francisco. It was not manufactured at Los
Angeles until Christopher Kuhn, of Wirtemberg, established a brewery, in
the latter part of 1854. John Kays was a good baker, 1847 ; John Behn
afterward, awhile. Confectionery was made in 1850, by Papier; Joseph
Leloug followed with the Jenny Liud Bakery, February 14th, 1851. French
bread was used altogether, unt"il August Ulyard commenced his bakery, in

1853. Lorenzo Lecke arrived November 5th, 1849. He was born in Den-
mark, February 25th, 1810 ; bought out John Behn, commenced a store inj

1854, and perseveres in trade at the age of 66. The merchants of 1853, be-
sides those already mentioned, were "Joseph Newmark, Jacob Rich, and
J. P. Newmark — Rich & Newmark ; John Jones, who was the first wholesale
liquor dealer, at the corner of Main and Commercial streets — Polaski &
Goodwin's now; Jacob Morris, J. L. JMorris and Morritz Morris— Morris
Bros.; Felix Bachman, Philip Sichel and Samuel Laubheim — Bachman &
Co,; Harris Newmark and E. Loeweuthal — Newmark & Loewenthal; H.K.
S. Labatt ; Samuel Meyer and Loewenstein— Hilliard & Meyer ; M. Norton
and E. Greenbaum— Norton & Greenbaum ; H. Goldberg, I Cohen, July 8th ;
Charles R. Johnson and Horace S." Allauson — Johnson «fc Allanson ; Heiman
Tischler, Barrouch Marks and Loeb Schlessinger — B. Marks & Co. ; Matthew
Lanfranco; Douglass, Foster & Wadhams; Juan T. Laufranco, Louis Phil-
lips, H. Hellman, Casper Behrend. In 1854, Adolph Portugal, O. W. Childs,
Samuel Prager, Jacob Letter, M. Pollock and L. C. Goodwin — Pollock &
Goodwin. 1855, Wolf Kalisher, Charles Prager, Potter & Co., Wm. Corbett,
Geo. F. Lamson, P. C. Williams, J. G. Nichols, Dean & Carson, I. M. Hell-
man, B. Cohen and Morritz Schlessinger — Cohen & Schlessinger; L. Glaser
& Co., Louis Cohen. 1856, Calisher & Cohen, Henry Wartenberg— W. Kal-
isher & Co., in 1857 ; Mendel Meyer, H. G. YaiTow. 1857, Samuel Hellman..


1859, Isaias W. Hellman, emiaent since as banker, L. Leon, Corbett& Barker,
Wm. Nordholt, David Solomon, H. Fleishman and Julius Sichel — Fleishman
& Sichel. 1860, Edward Newman and Isaac Schlessinger, Jean B.Trudell—
in company with Lazards; Domingo Rivara. 1861, M. W.jChilds, Decem-
ber 20th. — The mercantile link continues to the present day as follows: J. H.
Still & Co., booksellers and stationery, 1863 ; H. D. Barrows and J. D. Hicks
—J. D. Hicks & Co., 1864; Eugene Meyer and S. Lazard— S. Lazard & Co.,
1864; Polaski & Goodwin, 1865; Thomas Leahy, Samuel B. Caswell and
John F. Ellis— Caswell & Ellis, 1866; Eugene Meyer and Constant Meyer-
Eugene Meyer & Co. Potter & Co, consisted of Nehemiah A. Potter and
Louis Jaziusky. The latter gentleman soon afterward went into business at
San Francisco. Mr. Potter was born in 1809, at Cumberland, Rhode Island ;
he died at this city May 6th, 1868, leaving one son — Oscar Potter. George
Alexander, in 1873, removed to Columbia, California. Francis Melius was
born at Salem, Massachusetts, February 3d, 1824 ; came to this coast, landing
first at Santa Barbara, January 5th, 1839 ; died at Los Angeles City, Septem-
ber 11th, 1864. He married Miss Adelaida Johnson ; she survives him, with
seven children. Mrs. Melius is a daughter of Don Santia^ Johnson, an
Englishman who had lived in Sonora, and come to this Coast in the year
1833. He married Dona Maria del Carmen Giurado, sister of the wives of
Don Manuel Requena and Alexander Bell. He died, at the age of 49 years,
late in the Summer of 1846. Brought early in contact with men like A. B.
Thompson, of Santa Barbara, David Speuce, of Monterey, Abel Stearns,
Alfred Robinson, W. D. M. Howard, and himself having received the ordi-
nary Boston High School education of that day— which must have been
good, for at 15 years he understood French and navigation, and was a neat
draftsman — Mr. Melius soon amassed the maxims of experience which fitted
him to succeed in the California trade. His spirit and independence are_
worthy to be made a model by youth just entering among the currents and'
shoals of commercial life. " March 4th, 1839, — The Bolivar arrived from
the islands," we quote from his diary: "March 9th. — I went aboard as
clerk for Mr. Thompson, at $300 for the first year and $500 for the next,
which I think is a most excellent salary for me. I hope from this time for-
ward to be a burden to nobody, but look out for myself."

Bachman & Co. invested deeply in the Salt Lake trade. Merchants were
the soul of every enterprise formed to develop the resources and expand the
commerce of this country. Fortunes were rapidly accumulated. Some sped
away to fatherland to spend the rest of their days. Solomon Lazard having
once more beheld "la belle France," returned, March, 1861, to our sunshine
and flowers. Mendel Meyer studied the Vienna Exposition and wandered
the world over in gratification of a rare musical taste, "but to feel better at
home," as he often saj^s. John Temple made the European tour in 1858. He
was born at Reading, Mass., August 14, 1796; came to California in 1828, by
way of the Sandwich Islands ; died at San Francisco May 30, 1866. Dona
Rafaela Cota, his widows is at Paris. Juan T. Lanfranco, of Italy, died May
20, 1875 ; his brother Mateo, October 4, 1873. Prudent Beaudry arrived at
San Francisco, A):)ril 26, 1850, and settled finally at Los Angeles, April 26,
1852. Beaudry's Block, on Aliso street, finished in November, 1857, was at
the time a surprise. What may we have said to "Beaudry Terrace" and its
oranges and other magical fruits of his energy? Edward Neuman, another
merchant, in the bloom of youih, was murdered in 1863, on the Cucamonga

In the explosion of the little steamer Ada Hancock, April 29tli, 1863,
near Wilmington, among many lost were, of our merchants, Wm. T. B. San.
ford. Dr. Heiiry R. Miles, Loeb Schlessinger; with Capt. Thomas Seeky, of
steamer Senator, Capt. J. S. Bryant, Fred Kerlin, Thomas Workman, the
youn^^ Albert S. Johnston, son of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. ]\Iiss Medora
Hereford, sister-in-law of Mr. B. D.Wilson, soon after died of injuries in this
deplorable calamity.

From a list of foreigners dated May 23d, 1886, in the Los Angeles ar-
chives, we make an extract of the nativity, etc., of prominent persons who


have acted — one of Avliom remains— upon the theatre wiiicli this sketch con-


Date of Arrival. Age.


?v^ Prvor

United States

United States

United States

United States

Uniled Slates












M. Lauffhlin


S. Prentice

fj. Carpenter


L. V. Prndhomnie







Santiago McKinly


Several of them v^jre eo.'^iK'Cted "vvilh la.r,^e hiiided interests derived
from the former Goveniraenl. I'c.or Ferguson, (*ld seiihT as lie vras, failed in
ISoO to get even a town lot on his liuml)le i)et!tion to tlie Ayuntamiento.
Lemuel Cai'jienter houii'Iit Santa (;lertnules rancho from the Xieto heirs. He
died NoN ember, IS,-)'); Bouehet, October 2;5d, 1847; Pryor, May, 1850; Laugh-
liu, December

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 12 13 14 15

Online LibraryJuan José WarnerAn historical sketch of Los Angeles county, California. From the Spanish occupancy, by the founding of the mission San Gabriel Archangel, September 8, 1771, to July 4, 1876 → online text (page 10 of 15)