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978.1 m. L.

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V.9

1214025



GENEALOGY COLLECTION






Ill



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 1833 00828 6590



TRANSACTIONS



OF THE



I



KANSAS
STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY .

1905-1906.



EMBRACING

ADDRESSES AT ANNUAL MEETINGS ; EARLY MISSIONS IN
KANSAS; SEMICENTENNIAL OF TERRITORIAL ORGANI-
ZATION; RIVER NAVIGATION; POLITICAL ADMIN-
ISTRATIONS; THE SOLDIERS OF KANSAS,
AND MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.



Edited by GEO. W. MARTIN, Secretary.



VOL. IX.



M, 9



STATE PRINTING OFFICE,
TOPEKA, 1906.



1214C25



OFFICERS FOR 1906.

President Horace L. Moore, of Lawrence.

First Vice-president J. R. Mead, of Wichita.

Second Vice-president Geo. W. Veale, of Topeka.

Secretary Geo. W. Martin, of Kansas City, Kan.

Treasurer John Guthrie, of Topeka. (Died July i, i906.)



LIFE MEMBERS.



J. B. Adams, El Dorado.
D. R. Anthony, Leavenworth.
L. A. Bigger, Hutchinson.
Geo. E. Cole, Topeka.

C. L. Davidson, Wichita.
John E. Frost, Topeka.
Chas. S. Gleed, Topeka.
Albert R. Greene, Portland, Ore.
John A. Halderman, Washington, D. C.

D. J. Hanna, Hill City.
Grant Hornaday, Fort Scott.
Marcus A. Low. Topeka.

J. R. Mead, Wichita.



E. N. Morrill, Hiawatha.

D. W. Mulvane, Topeka.

Jonathan D. Norton, Topeka.

C. A. Peterson, St. Louis.

Sam Radges, Topeka.

Bertrand Rockwell, Junction City.

J. C. Ruppenthal, Russell.

Eliza May Stone, Galena.

W. B. Stone, Galena.

W. R. Stubbs. Lawrence.

B. P. Waggener, Atchison.

A. B. Whiting, Topeka.



(iii)



IV



Kansas State Historical Society.



ANNUAL MEMBERS,

June 30. 1906.

In addition to this list, all newspaper publisshers and editors are members by virtue of the
contribution of their publications.

Alma.-S. H. Fairfield.
Anthony. — T. A. Noftzger.
Atchison. -Sheffield Ingalls, Geo. W. Click.
Baldwin.— J. W. Fisher.
Baxter Springs. — Samuel J. Crawford.
Blue Rapids. — Emma K. Lea.
Burlington. — Fred R. Hammond.
Chanute.-J. M. Massey, Esther M. Clark, S.
W. Brewster, Delos Johnson, H. C. Dryden.
Clyde. — James B. Sager.
Colony. — John Francis, H. W. Sterling.
Columbus. — Chas. D. Huffman.
Cottonwood Falls. — Archibald Miller.
Council Grove. — John T. Jacobs.
Courtland. -Mrs. Elizabeth A. Johnson and

Geo. Johnson.
Dodge City.-R. M. Wright.
Eagle Lake, Minn.— J. J. Lutz.
Ellinwood.— Albert Steckel.
Emporia.— Joseph H. Hill, John Madden, W.

E. Bray, Geo. Plumb.
Erie.-L. Stillwell.
Garden City.— A. H. Burtis.
Great Bend.- A. J. Hoisington.
Harveyville.— Wm. E. Richey.
Hays City. -Hill P. Wilson.
Hiawatha. — H. J. Aten, E. N.Morrill, Julia

A. Chase.
Highland.— Dr. A. Herring, Pryor Plank.
Hill City.— John S. Dawson.
Holton.— T. P. Moore.
Horton. — Scott Hopkins.
Independence.— L. U. Humphrey,
lola.— Frank L. Travis, Benton E. Clifford.
Jewell City.— J. C. Postlethwaite.
Junction City.— George W. McKnight, S. W.

Pierce, A. C. Pierce.
Kansas City.— Geo. W. Martin, F. D. Coburn.

Winfield Freeman, Dr. W. F. Waite.
Kansas City, Mo.— J. C. Horton.
Lawrence.- Chas. W. Smith, G. Grovenor, Hol-
land Wheeler, W. C. Abbott. H. L. Moore,

Paul R. Brooks, W. H. Carruth, F. H. Hod-

der, John G. Haskell, Frank Strong, F. W.

Blackmar, Chas. H. Hoyt, Geo. Leis, Alex.

Martin Wilcox.
Leavenworth.— J. H. Gillpatrick, H. C. F.

Hackbusch, J. C. Ketcheson, P. G. Lowe, E.

T. Carr.
Lecompton.— E. P. Harris.



Lincoln. — A. Roenigk.

Lyndon. — Chas. R. Green.

McPherson. — A. C. Spilman, John D. Milliken.

Manhattan.— Carl Engel, Wm. J. Griffing, Har-
riet A. Parkeson, Mrs. A. E. Coleman.

Marion. — Alex. A. Case, W. H. Carpenter,
Ferd J. Funk.

Marquette. — John F. Hughes.

Marysville. — W. H. Smith, J. Earl Miller.

Medicine Lodge. — Chester I. Long.

Middletown, Conn. — Jos. M. Hubbard.

Minneapolis. — Harry McMillan.

Mulberry.— W. H. Tharp.

Ness City.— L. B. Wolf.

Newkirk, Okla.— H. M. Hamblin.

Oberlin. — G. Webb Bertram.

Olathe.— D. P. Hougland, John P. St. John, D.
Hubbard.

Olsburg.— John Booth.

Omaha. Neb. — Henry E. Palmer.

Pittsburg.- C. N. Price, T. C. Werner, Geo. G.
Hamilton.

Richland.— Stephen M. Crockett.

Salina.— Fred H. Quincy, James A. Kimball,
August Bondi, T. D. Fitzpatrick, A. M.
Campbell, C. W. Lynn, Luke F. Parsons.

Solomon.— R. M. Wimsatt.

Sonyea, N. Y.— Truman Lewis Stone.

Tecumseh.— J. A. Read.

Topeka.— Mrs. Caroline Prentis, Wm. E. Con-
nelley, E. F. Ware, Harry E. Valentine, Zu
Adams, Geo. W. Crane, Clad Hamilton, John
R. Mulvane, John M. Meade, Geo. M. Kellam,
T. J. Anderson, John Martin. Geo. W. Weed,
Lucy D. Kingman. Fred M. Kimball, Luther
McAfee Nellis, Wm. A. Johnston, Norman
Plass, L. D. Whittemore. Geo. W. Veale, J.
Ware Butterfield, G. F. Kimball, Luther C.
Bailey, Fred. Wellhouse, Geo. A. Huron,
Chas. F. Hardy. Chas. E. Eld ridge.

Wakefield. — Wm. J. Chapman.

Washington, D. C— Chas. S. Davis, E. J.
Dallas.

Whittier, Cal.— R. M. Peck.

WichiU.— Sam'l F. Woolard, Kos Harris, W.
H. Isely, R. A. Sankey, J. Elmer Reese, Jos.
D. Houston.

Winfield.— Charles H. Rhodes, E. C. Manning.

York, Pa.- Dr. I. H. Betz.



Kansas State Historical Society.



BOARD OF DIRECTORS.



FOR THE THREE YEARS
Adams, Zu, Topeka.
Blackmar, Frank W., Lawrence.
Chase, Harold T.. Topeka,
Chase, Julia A., Hiawatha.
Connelley, Wm. E., Topeka.
Crane, Geo. W., Topeka.
Fisher, J. W., East Radford, Va.
deed, Chas. S., Topeka.
GrifRng, W. J., Manhattan.
Guthrie, John, Topeka. (Died July 1, 1906.)
Haskell, John G., Lawrence.
Hill, Joseph H., Emporia.
Hopkins, Scott, Horton.
Hovey, G. U. S., White Church.
Johnson, Elizabeth A., Courtland.
Lane, Vincent J., Kansas City.
Lowe, P. G., Leavenworth.

FOR THE THREE YEARS
Brooks, Paul R., Lawrence.
Clark, Geo. A., Topeka.
Cory, C. E., Fort Scott.
Cowgill, E. B., Topeka.
Davies, Gomer T., Concordia.
Dawson, John S., Hill City.
Fairfield, S. H., Alma.
Francis, John, Colony.
Freeman, Winfield, Kansas City.
Hackbusch, H. C. F., Leavenworth.
Hoch, E. W., Marion.
Isely, W. H., Wichita.
Keizer, Dell, Topeka.
McCarter, Margaret Hill, Topeka.
Martin, John. Topeka.
Miller, J. Earl, Marysville.
Prentis, Caroline, Topeka.

FOR THE THREE YEARS
Abbott, Wilbur C, Lawrence.
Anderson, T. J., Topeka.
Anthony, D. R., Leavenworth.
Baker, Floyd P.. Topeka.
Brewster, S. W., Chanute.
Capper, Arthur, Topeka.
Carruth, W. H., Lawrence.
Coburn, F. D., Topeka.
Cole, George E., Topeka.
Gillpatrick, J. H., Leavenworth.
Greene, A. R., Portland, Ore.
Green, Charles R., Lyndon.
Hanna, D. J., Hill City.
Harris, Edward P., Lecompton.
Hamilton. Clad, Topeka.
Hodder, Frank H., Lawrence.
Hughes, John F., McPherson.



ENDING DECEMBER, 1906.
McMillan, Harry, Minneapolis.
Martin, Geo. W., Topeka.
Mead, J. R., Wichita.
Milliken, J. D., McPherson.
Moore, Horace L., Lawrence.
Morrill, E. N., Hiawatha.
Murdock, Victor, Wichita.
MacDonald, John, Topeka,
Randolph, L. F.. Nortonville.
Ruppenthal, J. C. Russell.
Sims. William, Topeka.
Smith, W. H., Marysville.
Vandegrift, Fred L., Kansas City.
Wellhouse, Fred., Topeka.
Wright, Robert M., Dodge City.
Wilson, Hill P., Hays City.

ENDING DECEMBER, 1907.
Pierce, A. C, Junction City.
Quincy, Fred H., Salina.
Richey, W. E., Harveyville.
Rockwell, Bertrand, Junction City.
Royce, Olive I., Phillipsburg.
Scott, Charles F., lola.
Smith, Charles W., Lawrence.
Smith, F. Dumont, Kinsley.
Strong, Frank, Lawrence.
Stone, W, B., Galena.
Thompson, A. H., Topeka.
Valentine, D. A., Clay Center.
Whiting, A. B., Topeka.
Waggener, B. P., Atchison.
Whittemore, L. D., Topeka.
Woolard, Sam'l F., Wichita.

ENDING DECEMBER. 1908.
Johnston, W. A., Topeka.
Kingman, Lucy D., Topeka.
Lewis, Cora G., Kinsley.
Madden, John, Parsons.
Moore, H. Miles, Leavenworth.
Nellis, Luther McAfee, Topeka.
Noftzger, T. A., Anthony.
Parsons, Luke F., Salina.
Plank, Pryor, Highland.
Plass. Norman, Topeka.
Rhodes, Charles Harker, Winfield.
Riddle, A. P„ Minneapolis.
Veale, Geo. W., Topeka.
Ware, E. F., Topeka.
Weed, George W., Topeka.
Wilder, D. W.. Hiawatha.



CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME.



PAGE

Officers and Life Members of the Kansas State Historical Society iii

Annual Members of the Society, June 30, 1906 iv

Board of Directors of the Society v

Acknowledgment xi

I.— Addresses at Annual Meetings.

The Alliance Movement in Kansas— Origin of the People's Party, by

W. F. Rightmire, of Topeka 1

The Saline River Coimtry in 1859, by James R. Mead, of Wichita 8

Reverend Father Paul M. Ponziglione, by S. W. Brewster, of Chanute, 19

The Victory of the Plow, by William D. Street, of Oberlin 33

Samuel A. Kingman, by Joseph G. Waters, of Topeka 45

Judge Samuel A. Kingman, an address before the State Bar Associa-
tion, by Howel Jones, of Topeka 55

Reminiscences of Dodge, by Robert M. Wright, of Dodge City 66

The Wyandot Indians, by Ray E. Merwin, of Galena 73

Building the Sedan Court-house, by H. B. Kelly, of Topeka 89

The Kansas Oil Producers against the Standard Oil Company, by W. E.

Connelley, of Topeka 94

The History of the Desert, by F. W. Blackmar, of Lawrence 101

IL — Semicentennial Anniversary of our Territorial
Organization.

Kansas-Nebraska Bill and Decoration Day, by William H. Taft, of

Washington, D. C 115

Early Days in Kansas, by Geo. W. Martin, of Topeka 126

Address at the Semicentennial Anniversary of the Founding of Law-
rence, by George R. Peck, of Chicago, 111 144

III.— Missions among the Indians in Kansas.

Right Reverend John B. Miege, S. J., First Catholic Bishop of Kansas,
by James A. McGonigle, of Leavenworth 153

The Methodist Missions among the Indian Tribes in Kansas, by Rev.
J. J. Lutz, of Eagle Lake, Minn 160

Probably the First School in Kansas for White Children, by Geo. P.
Morehouse, of Council Grove 231

IV.— River Navigation.

A History of the Missouri River, by Phil. E. Chappell, of Kansas City,

Mo 237

Missouri River Steamboats, by Phil. E. Chappell, of Kansas City, Mo. . 295
The Kansas River— its Navigation, by Albert R. Greene, of Portland,

Ore 317

(vii)



viii Contents of this Volume.

V. — Statecraft. page

The Kansas State Senate of 1865 and 1866, by Edwin C. Manning, of

Winfield 359

The Genealogy of Charles Robinson 377

The Administrations of John P. St. John, by I. O. Pickering, of Olathe. . 378
The Administration of George W. Glick, by James Humphrey, of Junc-
tion City 395

The Administrations of Lyman U. Humphrey, by D. O. McCray, of To-
peka 414

VI.— The Soldiers of Kansas.
Company A, Eleventh Kansas Regiment, in the Price Raid, by Capt.

H. E. Palmer, of Omaha, Neb 431

The Battle on Beaver Creek, by George B. Jenness 443

Beecher Island Monument 453

The Black-flag Character of War on the Border, by Capt. H. E. Palmer,

of Omaha, Neb 455

VII.— Miscellaneous Papers.

The Railroad Convention of 1860, by George W. Glick, of Atchison 467

The Drought of 1860, by George W. Glick, of Atchison 480

Reminiscences of Foreign Immigration work for Kansas, by C. B.

Schmidt, of Pueblo, Colo 485

Edward Grafstrom, a Hero of the Flood of 1903 497

The Story of a Fenceless Winter-wheat Field, by T. C. Henry, Denver, 502

Where Kansans were Born, by D. W. Wilder, of Hiawatha 506

Voting for Lincoln in Missouri in 1860, by D. P. Hougland, of Olathe. . . 509
Kaw and Kansas: a Monograph on the Name of the State, by Robert

Hay, late of Junction City 521

Two City Marshals:

Thomas James Smith, of Abilene, by T. C. Henry, of Denver, Colo. 526

Thomas Allen CuUinan, of Junction City, by Geo. W. Martin 532

Dispersion of the Territorial Legislature of 1856, by Abby Huntington

Ware, of Topeka 540

Kansas Experiences, 1856-'65, by Oscar G. Richards, of Eudora 545

Reminiscences of Hartman Lichtenhan, of Geary county 548

Westport and the Santa Fe Trade, by William R. Bernard, of Kansas

City, Mo 552

Explanation of Map 565

Errata and Addenda 579

Index 583



MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

Rev. Father Paul M. Ponziglione Opposite 2A

Mission Buildings at Osage Mission " 25

Right Rev. John B. Miege 153

First Cathedral in Kansas 155

Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Leavenworth 157

East School Building at Shawnee Mission 159

Rev. Thomas Johnson 161



Illustrations in this Volume. ix

PAGE

Ten-squa-ta-wa, the Prophet 164

Rev. Jesse Greene 166

Mrs. Mary Greene 167

Shawnee Indian Church 169

Home of Missionary and Teachers at Shawnee Mission 173

Girls' Boarding-house, Shawnee Mission 175

Col. A. S. Johnson 175

Rev. Jerome C. Berryman 177

Rev. Nathan Scarritt 182

Rev. Charles Bluejacket 183

Rev. Joab Spencer 185

Rev. John Thompson Peery 194

Map of the Kaw Agency, 1827 195

Mrs. Mary Jane Johnson Peery, nee Chick 198

Mrs. Anna M. Grinter 205

Rev. James Ketchum 207

Silas Armstrong 216

Monnocue 221

Between-the-Logs 221

Rev. L. B. Stateler 222

Mrs. Melinda Stateler 223

Judge T. S. HufFaker 231

Kaw Indian Mission at Council Grove 232

Mrs. Eliza A. Huffaker 234

Steamer General Meade among the Buffaloes 236

Phil. E. Chappell 237

Manuel de Lisa 244

The Keel-boat in the Fur Trade, 1810 261

The Pioneer Steamboat, 1820-1830 279

A Missouri River Steamboat, 1850- 1860 292

The Lightfoot on a Sand-bar, Kansas River 326

River Scene at Lecompton, 1855 344, 345

Shawnee Indian Mission, 1832 375

Charles Robinson, First Governor of Kansas 376

John P. St. John, Eighth Governor of Kansas 379

Benjamin Singleton • • ■ 385

George W. Click, Ninth Governor of Kansas 396

Lyman U. Humphrey, Eleventh Governor of Kansas 415

Monument at Beecher Island 454

Map of Railroads Suggested by Convention of 1860 477

C. B. Schmidt 486

Bronze Tablet to Edward Graf strom 498

Map Showing Early Routes of Travel, Missions, and Indian Villages ... 576



ACKNOWLEDGMENT.



rpHERE is much I would like to say about this volume and its contents,
but it has already expanded beyond the limit and |I must forbear. The
Historical Society and all the good people of Kansas interested in the
splendid record made by our state most heartily acknowledge great obli-
gations to the contributors who have furnished so much interest to these
pages. The research and editorial work have been very extensive, and it
has been performed by Miss Zu Adams, Miss Clara V. Francis, and George
A. Root; I cannot give too much credit to the earnestness, persistence, en-
thusiasm and scholarship of these assistants. Then, no matter how much
work has so far been placed upon it, the result must pass through the
brains and hands of certain mechanics before appearing to the public.
Equal acknowledgment is therefore due Thomas B. Brown, foreman of the
composing-room, M. E. Lanham, who cuts up and arranges the copy, and
Albert G. Carruth, proof-reader (an invaluable familiarity with Kansas
proper names and dates characterizing these three), and George W.
Tincher, foreman of the bindery, and J. M. Hill, pressman, of the state
printing plant, for the almost faultless and entirely handsome appearance
of the book. With these acknowledgments as to whom credit is due, I
am in a position to say that volume IX is an admirable book.

One thought: the division of statecraft is a new departure, which it is
proposed to continue down to the latest administration. I wonder if pubhc
men ever stop to think that what they do is history, and that it is quite im-
possible in compiling history to separate the chaff from the wheat, or the
dirt from the good. There are no instruments in making history more im-
portant than those charged with public administration. It is not the prov-
ince of the State Historical Society to publish that which may be unpleas-
ant, but, unfortunately, the bad is not lost.

G. W. M.

TOPEKA, August 15, 1906.

(Xi)



I.



Addresses at Annual Meetings.



THE ALLIANCE MOVEMENT IN KANSAS— ORIGIN
OF THE PEOPLE'S PARTY.

An address by W. F. Rightmire,' of Topeka, before the Kansas State Historical Society,
at its twenty-ninth annual meeting, December 6, 1904.

THE first Farmers' Alliance originated in Lampasas county, Texas, in
1874 or 1875, and was organized for the purpose of protecting the farm-
ers from the encroachments of the wealthy cattlemen, who sought to prevent
the settlement of farmers in that section and to keep the lands in pasture
for the use of their ranch herds.

A permanent organization was made at Poolville, Parker county, Texas,
July 29, 1879, and this spread through Parker and adjoining counties. A
state Alliance was organized at Central, Parker county, December 27, 1879. -
After several meetings had been held, the permanent ritual and constitution
were adopted August 5, 1880, and a charter of incorporation was secured on
the 6th day of October following, by the officers elected at a meeting held
August 12, 1880. The charter stated the objects of the organization and its
purpose to be "to encourage agriculture and horticulture, and to suppress
local, personal, sectional and national prejudices and all unhealthy rivalry
and selfish ambition. ' '

The order spread rapidly through the seven cotton states of Texas, Ar-
kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, and Tennessee.
On the 15th day of May, 1889, delegates from these seven states of both
the Agricultural Wheel •* and the Farmers' Alliance met at Birmingham,
Ala., and took joint action against the cotton- bagging trust, and shortly
thereafter— September 24, 1889,— these two organizations were merged, un
der the name of the Farmers' Alliance.

The state Alliance of Texas, at the meeting held at Mineral Wells Au-

NoTE 1. — W. F. RiGHTMiRE, who furnished this manuscript by request, was born in Tomp-
kins county. New York, March 20, 1849. He worked his way through college, graduating in
1869, and removed to Pennsylvania, where he read law, and was admitted to the bar in 1872. Re-
moving to Iowa in 1874, he became district judge in 1884. Resigning this office in 1887, he came to
Kansas and settled atLarned. He later removed to Cottonwood Falls, and in 1891 to Topeka. where
he still resides. Having voted for Peter Cooper in 1876, and always acted with the so-called re-
form movement, he was accepted as one of the leaders of this movement in Kansas, and was one
of the leaders in the political history he describes in this article.

Note 2. — The data for this history of the organization of the Alliance have been compiled
from W. S. Morgan's "History of the Wheel and Alliance," 1889, and Dunning's "Farmers' Alli-
ance History," 1891.

Note 3.— The Agricultural Wheel was organized at Des Arc, Prairie county, Arkansas, Feb-
ruary 15, 1882. The original constitution stated the objects to be "the improvement of its mem-
bers in the theory and practice of agriculture and the dissemination of knowledge relative to
rural and farming affairs." A preamble to the constitution, adopted later the same year, de-
clares in favor of "providing a just and fair remuneration for labor, a just exchange of our com-
modities, and best mode and means of securing to the laboring classes the greatest amount of
good."

-1



2 Kansas State Historical Society.

gust 8, 1882, adopted as the law of the Alliance this resolution : "Resolved,
That it is contrary to the spirit of the constitution and by-laws of our order
to take part in politics ; and further, that we will not nominate or support any
man or set of men for office as a distinct political party. " This remained the
law of the order while it was in existence. The Kansas organization was
planted, by a few persons, for a distinct political purpose, as will hereafter
be shown.

When the question of the resumption of specie payments and a contrac-
tion of the currency was agitated in 1867 and 1868, the representatives of
the Southern states and those west of Pennsylvania in a large measure
followed the lead of representatives Thaddeus Stevens and Wm. D. Kelley,
of Pennsylvania, in resisting contraction and resumption. Self-appointed
delegates met at Indianapolis, Ind., in the summer of 1876, and organized
the Greenback party, and nominated Peter Cooper, of New York, as the
party's candidate for president. The result of the campaign was the elec-
tion of a number of representatives in Congress, who, holding the balance
of power between the Republican and Democratic parties, were able to
force the enactment of a law prohibiting the retirement of the government
legal-tender notes or greenbacks below the sum of 346 millions of dollars.

In the campaigns of 1878 and the following years, in Kansas and many
other Western states, the Republican conventions, and in all of the Southern
states the Democratic conventions, for their financial planks, adopted the
demands of the Greenback party, and by this means destroyed the Green-
back party in those states, and the party passed out of existence in the
campaign of 1884, when its presidential nominee was Gen. Benjamin F. But-
ler, of Massachusetts.

Many of the former Greenbackers and representatives of various labor or-
ganizations met in national convention at Cincinnati, Ohio, May 15, 16, 1888,
and organized the Union Labor party, and nominated Alson J. Streeter, of
Illinois, and Charles E. Cunningham, of Arkansas, as its candidates for presi-
dent and vice-president. At this convention the leading delegates of each
state were initiated into, and made organizers of, the National Order of
Videttes, a secret, oath-bound society which had been organized by a few
of the leaders of this movement in Kansas a short time prior to the conven-
tion, with the object of preventing fusion with either the Democratic or Re-
publican parties. Its membership was restricted to those leaders in each
county who would pledge themselves for all time to form no alliance with
either of those two parties.

The ritual and all other records of the organization were printed in a
secret code known only to those initiated into its ranks, and it was extended
over Kansas until it had enrolled in its ranks every person who had been
prominent in each county as an opponent of the two old parties.

At the convention of the Union Labor party held in Wichita August 28,
1888, a meeting of the Videttes was held the evening before the convention,
and the entire work of the convention of the next day decided upon.

The general convention did not deviate in any manner from its prescribed
course, and among its nominees as candidates for various state officers, were
P. P. Elder, of Franklin county, for governor, and W. F. Rightmire, of Chase
county, as the candidate for attorney-general. These candidates were the
most prominent speakers of the party in the campaign that followed.



The Alliance Movement in Kansas. 3

As the ritual of the Videttes had become exhausted, a new edition was
printed at the Nonconformist office, in Winfield. From this office a ritual
was taken by a member of the order, a printer by the name of C. A. Henrie,
and with a key to its cypher code dehvered into the hands of a leader of
the Republican party.

The ritual was translated in full, and printed and stereotype plates fur-
nished to nearly all if not every Republican paper of Kansas, with big head-
lines branding the order of Videttes as a gang of anarchists, and holding up
to obloquy and denunciation the known members of the order, those who
had been present at its last state meeting at Yates Center as delegates, and
whose names had been furnished by Henrie. This expose was given by
those papers as a supplement of their issue of a week agreed upon. But
this publication changed no vote for or against the different political parties.

The result of the election was a vote for the Union Labor party's leading
candidate of about 40,000,^ while the Harrison electoral ticket received a
plurality of about 82, 000 ^ in the state of Kansas.

Pursuant to the call of the commander of the Videttes, nineteen selected
leaders met in Wichita on the 19th day of December, 1888, and, after a two
days' conference, disbanded the order of Videttes and the state committee
of the Union Labor party, and organized in their place a State Reform As-
sociation. W. F. Rightmire, of Chase county, was elected president; J. D,
Latimer, of Linn county, secretary ; Andrew Shearer, of Marshall county,
vice-president. With the president, editors John R. Rogers, 'J of Harvey
county, E. H. Snow,' of Franklin county, Henry Vincent, of Cowley county,
and W. H. H. Wright, of Cloud county, formed the executive committee. This
committee was instructed to select some existing organization, or to organ-
ize a new one, into whose ranks the reformers and farmers and laborers of



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