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Indians Own Story. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1950. 283p.

HARLOW, RALPH VOLNEY, The Growth of the United States. Vol. 2, The
Expansion of the Nation, 1865-1950. Rev. Ed. New York, Henry Holt and
Company [c!951]. 716p.

HIGGINS, RUTH LOVINGS, Expansion in New 'York, With Especial Reference to
the Eighteenth Century. Columbus, The Ohio State University, 1931.
209p. (Contributions in History and Political Science, No. 14.)

Information Please Almanac, 1951. New York, The Macmillan Company
[c!950]. 876p.

INLOW, EDGAR BURKE, The Patent Grant. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins
Press, 1950. 166p. (The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical
and Political Science, Series 67, No. 2.)



148 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

JABLOW, JOSEPH, The Cheyenne in Plains Indian Trade Relations, 1795-1840.
New York, J. J. Augustin [1951]. lOOp. (Monographs of the American
Ethnological Society, No. 19.)

JACOBS, WILBUR R., Diplomacy and Indian Gifts; Anglo-French Rivalry Along
the Ohio and Northwest Frontiers, 1748-1763. Stanford, Stanford Uni-
versity Press, 1950. 208p. (Stanford University Publications, University
Series, History, Economics and Political Science, Vol. 6, No. 2.)

JEFFERSON, THOMAS, Papers. Vols. 2-4, 1777-1781. Princeton, Princeton
University Press, 1951. 3 Vols.

MACGOWAN, KENNETH, Early Man in the New World. New York, The Mac-
millan Company, 1950. 260p.

MIERS, EARL SCHENCK, The General Who Marched to Hell: William Tecumseh
Sherman and His March to Fame and Infamy. New York, Alfred A. Knopf,
1951. [366]p.

MURDOCH, RICHARD K., The Georgia-Florida Frontier, 1793-1796; Spanish Re-
action to French Intrigue and American Designs. Berkeley, University of
California Press, 1951. 208p. ( University of California Publications in His-
tory, Vol. 40. )

National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 36. New York, James T.
White and Company, 1950. 573p.

NEVINS, ALLAN, The Emergence of Lincoln. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons,
1950. 2 Vols.

, The New Deal and World Affairs, a Chronicle of International Affairs,

1933-1945. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1950. 332p. (Chronicles
of America Series, Vol. 56. )

, The United States in a Chaotic World; a Chronicle of International

Affairs, 1918-1933. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1950. 252p.
( Chronicles of America Series, Vol. 55. )

Niles' National Register, Vols. 66, 68, 69, 70, 72, March 1844-September 1847.
Baltimore, Jeremiah Hughes, 1844-1847. 5 Vols.

NYE, RUSSEL B., Midwestern Progressive Politics: a Historical Study of Its Ori-
gins and Development, 1870-1950. [East Lansing] Michigan State College
Press, 1951. 422p.

OLSON, OSCAR NILS, The Augustana Lutheran Church in America, Pioneer
Period, 1846 to 1860. Rock Island, 111., Augustana Book Concern [c!950].
397p.

PARSONS, JAMES JEROME, Antioqueno Colonization in Western Colombia. Berke-
ley, University of California Press, 1949. 225p. (Ibero- Americana: 32.)

Philadelphia Bibliographical Center and Union Library Catalogue, Union List of
Microfilms, Revised, Enlarged and Cumulated Edition. Ann Arbor, Mich.,
J. W. Edwards, 1951. 1961p.

PRATT, FLETCHER, War for the World; a Chronicle of Our Fighting Forces in
World War II. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1950. 364p. (Chron-
icles of America Series, Vol. 54. )

PRATT, WALLACE E., and DOROTHY GOOD, World Geography of Petroleum.
[Princeton] Princeton University Press, 1950. 464p.

RAPPAPORT, ARMIN, The British Press and Wilsonian Neutrality. Stanford,
Stanford University Press, 1951. 162p. (Stanford University Publications,
History, Economics and Political Science, Vol. 7, No. 1.)



RECENT ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY 149

RITZENTHALER, ROBERT E., The Building of a Chippewa Indian Birch-Bark

Canoe. Milwaukee, 1950. 46p. (Bulletin of the Public Museum of the

City of Milwaukee, Vol. 19, No. 2. )
, The Oneida Indians of Wisconsin. Milwaukee, 1950. 52p. (Bulletin

of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee, Vol. 19, No. 1. )
SALOUTOS, THEODORE, and JOHN D. HICKS, Agricultural Discontent in the Mid-
dle West, 1900-1939. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press [c!951].

581p.
SCHLESINGER, ARTHUR MEIER, The American as Reformer. Cambridge, Harvard

University Press, 1950. 127p.
STEINER, GILBERT YALE, The Congressional Conference Committee: Seventieth

to Eightieth Congresses. Urbana, The University of Illinois Press, 1951.

185p. (Illinois Studies in the Social Sciences, Vol. 32, Nos. 3, 4. )
STOKES, ANSON PHELPS, Church and State in the United States. New York,

Harper and Brothers [c!950]. 3 Vols.
THINK, Diary of U. S. Participation in World War II. New York, International

Business Machines Corporation, c!950. 374p.
VON HAGEN, V. WOLFGANG, The Jicaque (Torrupan) Indians of Honduras. New

York, Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, 1943. 112p.

( Indian Notes and Monographs, No. 53. )
WEISENBURGER, FRANCIS PHELPS, The Life of John McLean, a Politician on the

United States Supreme Court. Columbus, The Ohio State University Press,

1937. 244p. ( The Ohio State University Studies, Contributions in History

and Political Science, No. 15. )
Who Was Who in America; a Companion Biographical Reference Work to

Who's Who in America, Vol. 2. Chicago, The A. N. Marquis Company,

1950. 654p.
WIESEND ANGER, MARTIN W., Grant and Carolyn Foreman, a Bibliography.

[Tulsa] University of Tulsa, 1948. 25p.
WISH, HARVEY, Society and Thought in Early America, a Social and Intellectual

History of the American People Through 1865. New York, Longmans, Green

and Company, 1950. 612p.

World Almanac and Book of Facts for 1951. New York, New York World-
Telegram, c!951. 912p.
YEAR, Mid-Century Edition; 1900-1950. The Dramatic Story of 50 Turbulent

Years in 2,000 Pictures, 100,000 Words ... a Permanent Record of All

the Important National and World Events. [Los Angeles, Year Incorporated,

c!950.] 256p.



Bypaths of Kansas History

THE INDIAN AND His SQUAW
From the White Cloud Kansas Chief, October 15, 1857.

We must not neglect to say something about our dusky neighbors occa-
sionally. We notice that many of them are beginning to dress more after the
style of civilized life than heretofore. One came to town last week, doffed
his blanket and leggings, and purchased a suit of store clothes and a fur cap.
He could not get the hang of them rightly, but straddled about like a three
year old sonny with his first pair of breeches on!

We also learn that some of the warriors are becoming more polite towards
the squaws. They used to ride and make the women walk. But now, when
a man wants to sell a pony, he will put his wife on its back, and mount a
horse himself, and come to town. When he starts home again, he will place
his squaw on the remaining horse, tie the extra saddle behind her, and walk
by her side. But as soon as he gets out of sight of town, he kindly makes
her dismount, and lug the saddle home on her back, while he rides!



THE GOOD OLD DAYS?

Schedule 3 of the U. S. census of 1860 is a report on persons who
died during the year ending June 1, 1860. At the bottom of the
page for Verdigris township, Woodson county, Kansas, the assistant
U. S. marshal wrote:

John Coleman was taken from his house & Shot by a company of Robbers
Common in Southern Kansas Ann Extraordinary Drouth Nothing Growing
and many Many People Leaveing the Country



WHEN WICHITA WAS LESS CROWDED
From the Kansas Weekly Tribune, Lawrence, October 22, 1868.

FROM THE VOLUNTEERS.

CAMP CRAWFORD, WICHITA CITY
October 1st, 1868.

ED. TRIBUNE: We have reached this point, our destination, at last, all right,
with the exception of a few sorefooted animals. Our winter quarters are built
on the banks of the Little Arkansas, about a half-mile from Wichita City.

This town was laid out but recently, and without counting the soldiers, has
about two hundred inhabitants. Of these fifty are single young ladies, and
seventy-five children under ten years of age. The rest are hunters, scouts,
&c. It has one hotel and two saloons, and one trading house and the post
sutler's establishment. Our sutler, Durfee, is from Leavenworth. The build-
ings generally are constructed of hewn logs.

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BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 151

We have a dance about once a week, and are now organizing a minstrel
company, for the good of the country.

In addition to our command, one company of the 5th U. S. Infantry is sta-
tioned here, commanded by Captain Barr, who is also commandant of the post.

We have had but one scare since arriving here, which was caused by a
squad of horse thieves attempting to steal our horses, before daylight on last
Thursday morning. The guard discovered them at work and fired on them,
which aroused the camp, and in less than no time the boys were out. As
they were retreating about forty shots were fired at them, but with what effect
is not known. All that could be found the next morning on their trail was a
large jack, wounded in four places.

We are well provided with everything necessary at present, except corn for
our horses, having had none since leaving Council Grove.

We are all enjoying excellent health, and are anxious for active service.
Our company numbers sixty men, all told, having lost five by desertion at Bur-
lingame, and replaced them with five others, who enlisted since we came here.
The deserters, I am sorry to say, are from Douglas county.

Groceries and provisions are plentiful at reasonable prices. Flour is worth
$6 per sack, bacon 27/2# per pound, and fresh beef 9tf.

As the mail is closing, so will I, but will write you again soon, and in the
meantime,

I remain, yours,

WlLL-O'-THE-WlSP.

P. S. All letters to members of our company should be directed to "Co. A,
19th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, care of Capt. S. J. Jennings, Salina, Kas."



CHEWING IN THE SCHOOLROOMS
From the Caldwell Commercial, September 21, 1882.

There is a rule, we mean in school, that has been in vogue as far back as
we can remember. And it is prohibiting the chewing of gum during school
hours. Now we can find no fault with that, or the enforcement of the same,
but it is not very likely that scholars will quit the foolish habit of chewing
gum so long as the teacher tells them it is against the rule, and at the same
time has a wad of tobacco in his mouth that makes it necessary for him to
run to the window every minute to spit. Teachers should set examples for
children that will enoble and elevate them, but this will not. . . .



A PREDICTION THAT CAME TRUE
From the El Dorado Daily Republican, August 15, 1887.

Will A. White, who has been attached to this paper as local scribe for the
past two months leaves for Lawrence Saturday next to resume his collegiate
course. He is a good writer and will some day be a bright and shining light
in the editorial fraternity. The Republican will miss him, and his place will be
very difficult to fill.



Kansas History as Published in the Press

Stories of the Comanche cattle pool, with headquarters in present
Comanche county, were published in The Western Star, Coldwater,
September 28, 1951. The pool, founded by Jess Evans, existed in
the early and middle 1880's. A Comanche pool reunion was held
in Coldwater September 29, 1951.

Installments of Mrs. Oello Ingraham Martin's article, "Father
Came West," have continued to appear regularly in recent issues of
the Girard Press.

The German-Russian settlements in Ellis county were the sub-
ject of an article by Father Matthew Pekari which appeared in the
Hays Daily News, October 5 and 7, 1951, and in the Ellis County
News, October 11 and 18. These settlements recently observed
their 75th anniversary.

"Report From Whistle-Stop, Kan.," by Hal Borland, in the New
York Times Magazine, October 7, 1951, was the title of an article
on Goodland. Chosen as representative of America's political
whistle-stops, the town's history, citizens and businesses were dis-
cussed.

Lillian K. Farrar's historical column has continued to appear in
the Axtell Standard. The Axtell Catholic church was her subject
October 11, 1951. Biographical sketches of pioneer residents of
Axtell and vicinity have appeared as follows: B. P. Redmond, Oc-
tober 25; William C. Ford, January 3, 1952, and James E. and Lewis
L. Kirk, January 10.

A 40-page special edition of the Russell Daily News was published
October 18, 1951, in recognition of Kansas oil progress week. Fea-
tured in the edition were articles on the history and activities of the

011 industry in Russell county.

Biographical information on Pierre Bete, the man for whom La-
bette county is said to have been named, compiled by Wayne A.
O'Connell, was published in the Oswego Independent, October 19,
1951; the Oswego Democrat, October 19, 26, and the Chetopa Ad-
vance, October 18 and 25. Bete, a Frenchman, was a famous guide,
interpreter and hunter who lived in present Labette county for about

12 years. In 1832 Washington Irving was a member of a hunting

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KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 153

party which employed Bete as a guide. Irving's comments on the
guide in his Tour of the Prairies, are quoted at length in the article.

The Beloit Daily Call published a golden anniversary edition Oc-
tober 20, 1951. The Call's first issue was published October 1, 1901,
and the first issue of the Beloit Weekly Democrat, the Call's prede-
cessor, appeared September 27, 1878. Histories of the Call and the
Democrat with reproductions of the front pages of the first issues,
and histories of Asherville, Tipton, Hunter, Glen Elder, Cawker
City, Scottsville and Beloit are included in the edition.

A two-column historical sketch by the Rev. John Bauer of St.
Francis Xavier parish at Burlington, was published in The Daily
Republican, Burlington, October 24, 1951. As early as 1859 Catholic
missionaries visited the area and in 1871 Father Heller organized
the parish.

Some of the history of the old Clark county courthouse, built in
1887-1889, was published in the Clark County Clipper, Ashland,
October 25, 1951. The county recently dedicated a new courthouse.

A two-column history of the Cumberland church, near Douglass,
by Rolla F. Murdick, was printed in the Douglass Tribune, October
25, 1951. Another history of the church, written by J. M. Sater-
thwaite in 1941, appeared in the Tribune, November 1. The first
church meeting was in the log-cabin home of John Rodgers in 1876.
The church was organized by the Rev. T. C. Sanberry.

A brief discussion of the part played by Linn countians in the
campaign for "Women's Rights" during the 1850's and 1860's, ap-
peared in the Mound City Republic, October 25, 1951.

"The Eisenhower I Know . . .," by Charles M. Harger, was
printed in The American Magazine, New York, November, 1951.
Harger included in the article General Eisenhower's personal char-
acteristics, incidents of his life in Abilene and, briefly, his political
background.

Brief reminiscences by J. C. Alkire about his boyhood in Kiowa
county, written by Carrie Allphin, appeared in The Kiowa County
Signal, Greensburg, November 1, 1951. Alkire came with his parents
to the county in 1885. A short history of the Greensburg Baptist
church was printed in the Signal, January 17, 1952. The church
was organized in 1894 under the leadership of the Rev. Mr. Shanklin.

112826



154 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

Articles of historical interest to Kansans published in recent issues
of the Kansas City (Mo.) Star included: "Damon Runyon's Philoso-
phy and Life Reflected in His 'Guys and Dolls/ " by Webster Schott,
November 1, 1951; "Manuscript of Wandering Artist Describes This
Area in 1845-1846," a review of Travels in Search of the Elephant:
The Wanderings of Alfred S. Waugh, Artist, in Louisiana, Missouri
and Santa Fe, in 1845-46, edited by John Francis McDermott, by
John Edward Hicks, December 4; "Doctor [Charles H. Crooks]
From Kansas City, Kansas, Made Many Friends for West in Thai-
land," by John De Mott, December 8; "Unparalleled Journey
Through Alaska Told in Letters of Frederick Funston," by Mrs.
Ella Funston Eckdall, December 27; "Civil War Washington Was a
Boyhood Memory of Kansan [Linton J. Usher] Who Died [Re-
cently] . . .," by Don Huls, January 14, 1952; "Jim Bridger's
Heroic Story Is Brought Home to Kansas Citians by a New Book,"
a review of Louis O. Honig's James Bridger: The Pathfinder of the
West, by John Edward Hicks, January 19; "Through Many Diffi-
culties Kansas Attained 'To the Stars' of Statehood," by Jonathan
M. Dow, January 29; "October Hues of Rural Kansas Colored Polit-
ical Self-Interview by W. A. White," an article by White wherein
he interviews himself for the Star in 1924 while a candidate for
governor, February 29; "Ft. Leavenworth's 125 Years Yield Rich
History for a Pageant," by John T. Alexander, and "The Horseback
Ride That Broke Records and Made History," the story of F. X.
Aubry's six-day ride from Santa Fe, N. M., to Independence, Mo.,
by Henry A. Bundsche, March 9, and "She [Mrs. Lottie Law of
Hill City] Was a Horse-and-Buggy Doctor in Kansas 50 Years Ago,"
by Jessie-Lea M. Williams and John T. Alexander, March 23.
Among articles in recent issues of the Kansas City (Mo.) Times
were: "Neighbors and Crowds From Kansas City Found Good
Times [in 1890's] on Old Kenna Farm [Near Tonganoxie]," by
Albert H. Hindman, September 29, 1951; "Lawyer's [Dean Earl
Wood] Research Establishes Course of Old Santa Fe Trail in
This County [Jackson County, Missouri]," by Henry Van Brunt, Oc-
tober 26; "Memorial to Merton Rice Will Serve Baker Univer-
sity, Where He Studied," by Walter W. Reed, October 29; "Buf-
falo Chase Was Tops in Excitement in Plentiful Hunting on
Western Plains," by Geraldine Wyatt, November 9; "Famous Men
and Heroic Deeds Recalled by the Names of Counties in Kansas,"
by E. B. Dykes Beachy, December 6; " 1 Swam a Little River and
They Gave Me a Medal,' Was Hero's [William B. Trembly of Kan-



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS

sas] Story of Feat," by Harry Hannon, Jr., January 18, 1952;
"Tragedy of Donner Party Is Recalled by Locale of Snowbound
Streamliner," by Alvin Shayt, January 19; "Pioneer Postal Service
to West Coast a Matter of Fast Horses, High Rates," by Geraldine
Wyatt, February 7; "Abraham Lincoln Voiced in Kansas Ideas That
Would Make Him President," by Albert H. Hindman, February 12;
"Bayard Taylor Entranced by Kansas Scenes During a Rainy Visit
in 1866," by Charles Arthur Hawley, March 7; "Dick Parr, Famous
as Plains Scout, Spent Later Years in Kansas City," by Albert H.
Hindman, March 20, and "Ralph Waldo Emerson's Kansas Visit
Has Been Overlooked by Biographers," by Charles Arthur Hawley,
March 26.

St. Patrick's Catholic church at Chanute was the subject of a brief
historical article in the Chanute Tribune, November 16, 1951. The
first priest, the Rev. Patrick J. Nagle, took up residence at Chanute
50 years ago. The present building was dedicated in 1911.

John S. Swenson recalled many historical events concerning the
Rosedale school, Jewell county, during the 1880's and 1890's, in
"Memories From Rosedale," published in The Jewell County Re-
publican, Jewell, November 22, December 6, 13, 1951.

The history of the First Methodist church of Coffeyville was
sketched in the Coffeyville Daily Journal, November 25, 1951, by
Bette Jan Metzler. The church had its beginning in Old Parker
during the 1860's. The building was moved to Coffeyville in 1875.
The present building was erected in 1908.

Articles in the December, 1951, number of the Bulletin of the
Shawnee County Historical Society, Topeka, included: "Local His-
tory in the Making," a review of Shawnee county events of 1951,
by Earl Ives; "Why Shawnee's Boundaries Changed"; "Underground
Railroad in Topeka," from the reminiscences of Harvey D. Rice; a
biographical sketch of Gasper C. Clemens, by Charles A. Magaw;
part 6 of "The First Congregational Church of Topeka," by Russell
K. Hickman; "What It [Flood] Was Like in 1903," by Paul A. Love-
well; "Friday the Thirteenth," a review of the 1951 flood in Topeka
and Shawnee county, by A. J. Carruth, Jr.; "A Vanished Local In-
dustry [Growing of Seedling Apple Trees]," and a continuation of
George A. Root's "Chronology of Shawnee County."

A brief history of the Caldwell cemetery, by E. A. Detrick, was
printed in the Caldwell Messenger, December 20, 1951. In 1879



156 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

J. U. Huff deeded the original tract to the Caldwell Cemetery Asso-
ciation, and the first burial was made that same year.

Fred W. Warren's account of Barton county's first public Christ-
mas celebration appeared in the Ellinwood Leader, December 20,
1951. The celebration took place the evening of December 24,
1874, in the Ellinwood schoolhouse.

The memoirs of R. W. Akin, concerning early-day life in the vi-
cinity of Hewins, were published in the Cedar Vale Messenger,
December 20, 27, 1951, January 3, 10, 1952. A brief history of
Hewins park by Newton Myers appeared in the Messenger, Janu-
ary 24.

A page-length article on Christmas in Baldwin in 1858 and some
of the history of that period was published in the Baldwin Ledger,
December 20, 1951. At that time the Methodists had established a
college at Baldwin but no buildings had yet been erected.

The Kansas-day issue of To the Stars, January, 1952, published by
the Kansas Industrial Development Commission, featured articles
on the geography, history, agriculture, minerals, transportation and
power, industry, government, people, military installations, recrea-
tion and tourist points of interest in Kansas.

Among articles appearing in the 1952 number of the Kansas Maga-
zine, Manhattan, were: "The Unwilling Bishop," the story of a
Catholic bishop in early-day Kansas, by J. Neale Carman; a bio-
graphical sketch of Henry Thomas Stith, first inventor of caterpillar
traction tread, by Edith Kibbe Bestard; "Wichita at the Turn of the
Century," by Henry Ware Allen; "Kansas Commune," by Henry M.
Christman, and "Drama in the Dustbowl," by Charles G. Pearson.

An account by Col. Harrie S. Mueller of a project to name the
Wichita elementary and intermediate schools for prominent West-
ern and Kansas personalities, appeared in The Westerners Brand
Book, Chicago, January, 1952.

A history of Jefferson county from the Kansas New Era of Valley
Falls, July 1, 1876, has been reprinted in installments in the Valley
Falls Vindicator, beginning January 16, 1952.

The legend of the first American flag with 34 stars to be flown
in Kansas is the subject of an article by Wayne A. O'Connell in the
Chetopa Advance and the Baxter Springs Citizen, January 24, 1952.



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 157

According to the story, the flag was made by Sister Bridget Hayden
of the Osage Mission in 1855 when Kansas was expected to become
the 32d state. Twice the flag was altered when states were ad-
mitted to the Union. During the Civil War the flag was used by
Maj. Gen. James G. Blunt's command. Also by O'Connell is an
article on the first permanent house on the site of present Oswego,
which appeared in the Chetopa Advance, February 21, and the
Oswego Democrat and Independent, February 29. The house was
built by John Mathews in the early 1840's.

A letter by G. W. McClung, Westminster, Md., recalling the
pioneer Catholic families of Jewell and their church, was published
in the Jewell Republican, February 7, 1952. The church was built
in 1879.

An article by James A. Clay on early business ventures in Doug-
lass was printed in the Douglass Tribune, February 7, 1952. Other
reminiscences by Clay of early Douglass appeared in the Tribune,
March 20.

Some of the history of early Wellsville was published in the
Wellsville Globe, February 14, 1952. The Globe, February 28,
printed a brief sketch of LeLoup.

A brief account of the fraudulent organization of Harper county
in the 1870's was published in the February 21, 1952, issue of the
Harper A dvocate.

The Coffeyville Journal, February 24, 1952, published a 126-page
progress edition, featuring the industry, education, agriculture,
building advancement and churches of the community.

A 144-page, 1952 achievement edition was published February
25, 1952, by the Winfield Daily Courier. Included were sections on
history, schools, colleges, clubs, industries and sports of Winfield.

Published in the Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science,
Lawrence, March, 1952, were "A Geographic Study of Population
and Settlement Changes in Sherman County, Kansas," parts 2 and 3,
by Walter M. Kollmorgen and George F. Jenks, and Robert Taft's
editorial on the wildlife of Kansas in the 1870's. The editorial has
been republished in pamphlet form with the addition of accounts



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