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of wildlife from the newspapers of that period.



158 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

A sketch by Otto J. Wullschleger of the Indian Mission school in
present Marshall county was published in the Marshall County
News, Marysville, March 6, 1952. Buildings for the school were
erected in 1855 and 1856 by the Presbyterian board of foreign mis-
sions, and in 1857 the Rev. Daniel A. Murdock arrived to take
charge. In 1858 the mission was abandoned and a year later the
buildings were destroyed by a tornado.

The history of Sharon school, district No. 55, Johnson county, by
M. D. Bartlett, was published in the Johnson County Democrat,
Olathe, March 6, 1952. The original building, believed to have
been erected in 1871, served until 1892 when a larger schoolhouse
took its place. The second building was recently sold to make room
for a new consolidated school.

J. P. Moran's story of the robbery of the Coffeyville banks by the
Dalton gang in 1892, written by Arnold McClure, was published in
the Coffeyville Journal, March 9, 1952. Moran was a tank wagon
driver who assisted in stopping the robbery.

A biographical sketch of the Col. Hooper G. Toler family of the
Wichita area appeared in the Caldwell Messenger, March 17, 1952.
The Toler farm in the early days was famous for its purebred trot-
ters and pacers, and a community called Tolerville grew up around
the farm.

A brief history of the Church of the Brethren, Quinter, was
printed in The Gove County Advocate, Quinter, March 27, 1952.
The church was organized in 1886.

"Hays, Kansas, at the Nation's Heart," by Margaret M. Detwiler,
is the title of an illustrated article appearing in the April, 1952,
number of The National Geographic Magazine, Washington, D. C.
Some of the history and a description of present-day Hays and
vicinity are included in the article.



Kansas Historical Notes

Newly elected officers of the Ness County Historical Society are:
Edna Robison, president; Mrs. Mabel C. Raffington, vice-president;
Mrs. Audra Hayes, secretary, and Mrs. Ada Young, treasurer.

Mrs. C. C. Webb was elected president of the Northeast Kansas
Historical Society at the annual meeting January 9, 1952. Other
officers chosen were: Fenn Ward, vice-president; Mrs. Fenn Ward,
recording secretary, and C. C. Webb, chairman of the finance com-
mittee. The society is the sponsor of the Highland museum.

The Woman's Kansas Day Club held its 45th annual meeting in
Topeka January 29, 1952, with the president, Mrs. Ira Burkholder
of Topeka, presiding. Mrs. W. M. Ehrsam, Wichita, was elected
president. Other officers elected were: Mrs. Douglas McCrum,
Fort Scott, first vice-president; Mrs. E. R. Moses, Sr., Great Bend,
second vice-president; Mrs. Dwight Numbers, Paola, registrar; Mrs.
James L. Jenson, Colby, historian; Mrs. C. W. Spencer, Sedan, re-
cording secretary, and Beatrice Kassebaum, Topeka, treasurer. The
following directors were elected: Mrs. Percy Haag, Holton, first
district; Mrs. C. D. Waddell, Ed wards ville, second district; Mrs.
J. U. Massey, Pittsburg, third district; Mrs. Jessie Clyde Fisher,
Wichita, fourth district; Mrs. Herb Barr, Leoti, fifth district, and
Mrs. L. E. Womer, Agra, sixth district. "Old Opera Houses and
Early Places of Amusement" was the theme of the meeting. District
directors and historians made interesting reports on this subject,
supplemented with programs and pictures. Mrs. James E. Smith,
daughter of the late Sen. Clyde M. Reed, through the historian,
gave an interesting album of pictures of Senator Reed and other
items of interest. These reports, pictures and museum articles were
presented to the Kansas State Historical Society.

John G. Deines was elected president of the Russell County
Historical Society at the annual meeting in Russell January 31,
1952. Other officers chosen were: J. C. Ruppenthal, first vice-presi-
dent; Luther Landon, second vice-president; Merlin Morphy, sec-
retary, and A. J. Olson, treasurer. Mrs. Dora H. Morrison was re-
elected to the board of directors. Landon was the retiring president.

The Scott County Historical Society was reorganized at a meet-
ing in Scott City February 11, 1952, under the sponsorship of the

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160 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

Senior Study and Social Club. Officers elected were: Elmer Ep-
person, president; S. W. Filson, vice-president; Mrs. Clarence Dick-
hut, secretary, and Matilda Freed, treasurer. Among the plans of
the society is a history of Scott county.

H. D. Lester was named president of the Wichita Historical
Museum board at a meeting of the board in Wichita March 13,
1952. Other officers elected were: Eugene Coombs, first vice-presi-
dent; Grace Helfrich, second vice-president; Carl E. Bitting, secre-
tary, and Charles K. Foote, treasurer.

Elected to the board of directors of the Finney County Historical
Society at a meeting in Garden City, March 12, 1952, were: Harry
G. Carl, Clay Weldon, John Wampler, Ralph Kersey, Eva Sharer,
Cliff Hope, Jr., Mrs. P. A. Burtis, A. J. Keffer, Dr. L. A. Baugh,
Helen Stowell, Mrs. Josephine Cowgill and C. L. Reeve. Abe
Hubert, principal of the Garden City junior high school, was the
principal speaker at the meeting. Gus S. Norton is president of
the society.

The annual meeting of the Ford Historical Society was held
March 14, 1952. Officers elected or re-elected include: Mrs. Mamie
Wooten, president; Mrs. F. M. Coffman, vice-president; Mrs. L.
Emrie, historian, and Mrs. Marguerite Patterson, custodian.

The work of Mother Bickerdyke in caring for Union soldiers dur-
ing the Civil War and her later activities are related in Cyclone in
Calico The Story of Mary Ann Bickerdyke (Boston, 1952), a 278-
page book by Nina Brown Baker.



n



THE



KANSAS HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY

August 1952




Published by

Kansas State Historical Society

Topeka



KIRKE MECHEM JAMES C. MALIN NYLE H. MILLER

Editor Associate Editor Managing Editor



CONTENTS



PAGE

THE ANNALS OF KANSAS: 1886 161

BACKGROUND NOTES ON THE BOURNE LISTER CULTIVATOR,

Patricia M. Bourne and A. Bower Sageser, 183
With a sketch of the Bourne Lister Cultivator, p. 185.

VINCENT B. OSBORNE'S CIVIL WAR EXPERIENCES Part Two:

September, 1862-July, 1865 . . Edited by Joyce Farlow and Louise Barry, 187

BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 224

KANSAS HISTORY AS PUBLISHED IN THE PRESS 227

KANSAS HISTORICAL NOTES 231

The Kansas Historical Quarterly is published in February, May, August and
November by the Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kan., and is dis-
tributed free to members. Correspondence concerning contributions may be
sent to the secretary of the Historical Society. The Society assumes no respon-
sibility for statements made by contributors.

Entered as second-class matter October 22, 1931, at the post office at To-
peka, Kan., under the act of August 24, 1912.



THE COVER

A portion of J. Rowland's sketch, "Council at Medicine Creek
Lodge With the Kiowa and Comanche Indians," from Harpers
Weekly, New York, November 16, 1867. The picture depicts
one of the peace treaty councils held by the United States gov-
ernment with the Plains Indians near what is now Medicine
Lodge in October, 1867. An estimated 15,000 Indians were
present.

Beginning in 1927, and every five years thereafter, a pageant
commemorating the 1867 peace meetings has been given at the
Medicine Lodge peace treaty amphitheater. This year the pag-
eant will be presented on the afternoons of October 10, 11 and 12.



THE KANSAS
HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

Volume XX August, 1952 Number 3

The Annals of Kansas: 1886

INTRODUCTION BY KIRKE MECHEM

THE first Annals of Kansas was published in 1875 by Daniel W.
Wilder. It was a volume of almost 700 pages of fine print,
which began with the expedition of Coronado and ended with the
year 1874. In 1886, Wilder issued a second edition; a reprint of
the first with eleven years added.

These books were so popular and useful that in later years half
a dozen attempts were made to continue them. A good deal of
time and money went into several of these projects. But the day
of the one-man compilation had long since passed; a fact that was
recognized by the Legislature in 1945 when the first appropriation
was made to the Kansas State Historical Society for the present
work, to begin where Wilder left off.

The Annals committee was composed of Fred Brinkerhoff of
Pittsburg, the late Cecil Howes of Topeka, Dr. James C. Malin of
the University of Kansas, and Justice William A. Smith of the Kan-
sas Supreme Court. Work began July 1, 1945, under the direction
of the editor. Fortunately, it was possible to employ Miss Jennie
Owen to take charge of the compilation. She has done a splendid
job on a manuscript that in the first draft totaled about 1,500,000
words. Now, with her assistant, James Sallee, she is helping edit
it for publication.

The principal sources were Kansas newspapers. It would be im-
possible to make such a thorough compilation in any other state
because in no other state is there such a newspaper collection. Vir-
tually every Kansas paper is on file at the Historical Society. Since
the Annals is a day-by-day record of events, and necessarily brief,
these papers will enhance its value by enabling users to refer di-
rectly to the original and detailed stories.

Not all these papers, of course, were read, but at one time or
another they were nearly all consulted. Three papers were scanned

KIRKE MECHEM, for 21 years secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society, is now
the society's editor. He lives in Lindsborg.

"The Annals of Kansas: 1887" will appear in the November issue of the Quarterly.

(161)



162 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

regularly for every day of the forty years of the Annals: 1886 to
1925, inclusive. In this way, state-wide coverage was secured, as
well as freedom from one-paper or one-party news slanting. Among
these papers were the Topeka Daily Capital, the Wichita Eagle, the
Kansas City (Mo.) Times, and the official state paper, whatever it
was. The Kansas Farmer, official organ for farm organizations and
a source of agricultural news, was also read. Items from over the
state were verified in the local papers; a story from Hutchinson,
for example, was checked in the Hutchinson papers.

There were many other sources. Hundreds of volumes in the
Historical Society's library were consulted, among them the official
reports of all state departments, from which the summaries that ap-
pear at the end of each year were compiled. Newspaper stories
dealing with the state's business were checked against these reports.
Other official reports included those of state-wide associations, such
as the Kansas Bar Association, etc.

The most difficult problem was to determine what to include.
At the beginning, three prominent Kansans, two lawyers and one
professor of history, were asked to compile an annals for the same
brief period, each from a different newspaper. There was agree-
ment only on the outstanding (and obvious) events. History is made
up of many occurrences that are not important themselves but in
the aggregate are vital. For example, there are the meetings of
organizations. People organize for countless reasons and nothing
is more illustrative of times and conditions. Obviously, the most
important should be mentioned. But which are important? The
solution was to make brief listings in six-point type of the annual
meetings of most of the state-wide associations. For researchers
who need to know more, the listings will be a guide to the papers
containing the complete stories. The six-point type will save space
and enable the casual reader to skip these hundreds of items.

The goal of the editors was to make the Annals accurate, readable,
comprehensive, concise and unprejudiced an impossible achieve-
ment, no doubt. It might reasonably be asked, what is compre-
hensive? Manifestly, a forty-year record of Kansas, which will be
a standard reference for perhaps a hundred more, if it is to be worth
anything, cannot be written in a few thousand words. On the other
hand, it must cost as little as possible. The year 1886, printed in
this issue, runs to about 10,000 words. It has been cut from about
20,000 words; that is, in half. It could be reduced to 5,000 words
by sacrificing a great deal that is valuable and most of the life and



THE ANNALS OF KANSAS: 1886 163

color. The text, however, represents several editings, based on the
experience of a good many years. Nothing essential has been left
out. This sample is submitted in the belief that the completed work
will give Kansans an accurate, thorough and long-needed history
of the state.

THE ANNALS OF KANSAS: 1886

JANUARY 1. A severe storm, one of a series known as the "Blizzard of '86,"
swept Kansas with rain, turning to ice and snow. It was accompanied by high
winds and below-zero temperatures. Many settlers living in temporary houses,
and cowboys and travelers, bewildered when landmarks and trails were ob-
literated, were frozen to death. Some estimates placed the number at nearly
100. Rabbits, prairie chickens, quail and antelope died. Railroad traffic and
business were paralyzed. Hundreds of men worked with picks and shovels to
clear tracks; it cost several hundred dollars a day to feed snowbound passen-
gers. Food and fuel shortages were serious. Farmers burned corn to keep
warm. Many of the great cattle companies were ruined. It was estimated
that 80 per cent of the cattle in the storm's path were killed; those that sur-
vived were "walking skeletons."

Twelve carloads of buffalo bones had been shipped from Cimarron since
May, 1885. They sold for $10 a ton and were made into harness ornaments
and cutlery handles.

George W. Click, Atchison, former Governor, took charge of the Topeka
pension office which served Kansas, Missouri, Colorado, Indian territory and
New Mexico territory.

Fort Scott now had electricity and a street railway.

Robert L. Downing played in Tally-Ho and A Tin Soldier at the Grand
Opera House, Topeka.

Food prices in Topeka newspapers included: butter, 20 cents a pound;
eggs, 20 cents a dozen; New York full cream cheese, 15 cents a pound; prunes,
18 pounds for $1; sugar, 14 pounds for $1, and coffee, 8 pounds for $1.

More than 500 pounds of rabbits were being shipped daily from Osborne.

The Anti-Monopolist, Enterprise, published a history of Dickinson county.

The Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Kansas, had 372 posts.

The State Board of Education met at Topeka.

JAN. 2. Two wagonloads of slaughtered antelope were shipped from Wal-
lace county to Eastern markets.

Vol. I, No. 1, Wallace County Register, Wallace; S. L. Wilson, editor and owner;
the first paper in Wallace county.

JAN. 3. A gang at Wichita attacked Charley Sing and ordered him and
other proprietors of a Chinese laundry to leave town. The Chinese were
promised police protection.

Judge David J. Brewer in the U. S. Circuit Court held that Henry Brad-
ley, enjoined by the district court at Atchison from selling liquor, was not de-
prived of his rights as a citizen.

JAN. 4. Adelaide Moore played in A School for Scandal and As You Like It
at the Grand Opera House, Topeka.

JAN. 5. In Meade county's first election, Meade Center was chosen county
seat. The following officers were elected: county commissioners, Hugh L.
Mullen, John D. Wick and Christian Schmocker; county clerk, M. B. Reed;



164 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

treasurer, W. F. Foster; probate judge, N. K. McCall; register of deeds, C. W.
Adams; sheriff, T. J. McKibben; coroner, Ed E. Buechecker; surveyor, Price
Moody; superintendent of public instruction, Nelson B. Clarke.

A cougar was shot near Sun City, Barber county.

The Newton Milling and Elevator Co. was organized with a capital stock
of $50,000. Bernard Warkentin was one of the directors.

The State Board of Pharmacy met at Topeka.

JAN. 6. A Chautauqua county farmer received a $50 premium for the best
bale of upland cotton at the New Orleans Exposition. It was grown, ginned
and shipped by Exodusters, Negroes who migrated to Kansas.

Vol. I, No. 1, Frisco Pioneer, Euphrates Boucher, editor and publisher; the first news-
paper in Morton county.

JAN. 7. The Lindsborg News quoted broomcorn at $280 a ton.

Kansas had a school population of 461,044.

The Westmoreland Recorder published a 14-column history of Potta-
watomie county.

JAN. 8. Charles F. Scott bought the interest of E. E. Rohrer and became
the sole owner of the lola Register.

The Kansas Democratic Editors and Publishers Assn. met at Topeka.

JAN. 10. The Sedan Graphic published a political history of Chautauqua
county.

JAN. 11. The Kansas State Bar Assn. met at Topeka.
The Kansas Equal Suffrage Assn. met at Topeka.

JAN. 13. The Cheney Journal and the German-American Advocate, Hays,
were printed on Manila paper because of the snow blockade.

The Kansas State Board of Agriculture met at Topeka.

The Kansas Real Estate Agents Assn. met at Topeka. Members voted to ask the
Legislature for $25,000 to advertise Kansas.

JAN. 14. Indians suffering from the cold annoyed Wichita citizens by beg-
ging admission to their homes.

Governor Martin was appealed to in the Pratt county-seat war. Residents
of Pratt and Saratoga were armed. Pratt charged that Saratoga had stuffed the
ballot box in the election of October 1, 1885. Although Saratoga received
more votes, county commissioners had decided in favor of Pratt, declaring a
fraud. The county seat had been moved at night and by force from luka to
Pratt. Suit was pending in the Supreme Court.

JAN. 15. Vol. I, No. 1, Wellington Monitor, J. G. Campbell and Charles Hood, pub-
lishers.

JAN. 17. Eugene F. Ware stated he became a poet through writing rhymes
advertising the harness business.

JAN. 18. The Attorney General moved to oust the Leavenworth county
attorney for failure to enforce the prohibitory law. He listed over 130 names
of county saloonkeepers.

The Western Baseball League was organized at St. Joseph, Mo., with
seven teams including Topeka and Leavenworth.

JAN. 19. A special session of the Legislature was convened to make a new
apportionment for senators and representatives. Governor Martin asked for
a law providing for arbitration of disputes between employers and employees.
He also called attention to the hog-cholera epidemic which had resulted in
losses estimated at $2,000,000.

The Kansas State Historical Society met at Topeka.



THE ANNALS OF KANSAS: 1886 165

JAN. 21. Bishop Thomas Vail protested when the rector of St. John's Epis-
copal Church at Leavenworth held "requiem" mass for a suicide.

JAN. 22. Judge Brewer of the U. S. Circuit Court, in the case of John and
E. Walruff, Lawrence, held that the state could prohibit brewers from manu-
facturing but must pay for property destroyed.

The U. S. House of Representatives voted to give Mary A. Bickerdyke a
pension for services to the Union army during the Civil War. "Mother" Bick-
erdyke, who lived in Kansas at intervals until her death, served as nurse and
cook, and established army laundries and supervised hospitals. Later she
settled several hundred veterans and their families in Kansas and secured aid
for them when Indians, grasshoppers and drouth depleted their resources.

JAN. 23. Travelers halted by storms published Vol. I, No. 1, of the
B-B-Blizzard at Kinsley: "Published once in a lifetime by a stock company
composed of the passengers on snowbound trains at this point."

JAN. 25. The Kansas Assn. of Architects was organized at Topeka. J. G. Haskell, To-
peka, was elected president; H. M. Hadley, Topeka, secretary.

JAN. 26. David R. Atchison, U. S. Senator from Missouri and "president
for a day," died in Clinton county, Missouri. The city and county of Atchison
were named for him.

JAN. 28. Two members of a Saratoga raiding party were wounded when
Pratt was attacked during the county-seat fight. The courthouse at luka was
burned.

Vol. I, No. 1, Plainville Times, S. G. Hopkins, editor and proprietor.

JAN. 29. The quarter-centennial of Kansas was celebrated at Topeka.
Speakers included Gov. John A. Martin, former Governors Charles Robinson and
Thomas Osborn, Judge Albert H. Horton, Judge James Humphrey, Cyrus K.
Holliday, B. F. Simpson, Dr. Richard Cordley, D. R. Anthony, I., A. P. Riddle,
J. B. Johnson, Samuel N. Wood, John Speer, Daniel W. Wilder, Williams Sims,
Alexander Caldwell and Noble L. Prentis.

Hamilton county was organized with Kendall as temporary county seat.
J. H. Leeman, Dennis Foley and Lawrence W. Hardy were named county com-
missioners; Thomas Ford, county clerk.

JAN. 30. Corn was being burned in hundreds of stoves.

Governor Martin directed the Adjutant General to investigate the Pratt
county-seat conflict.

Vol. I, No. 1, Our Messenger, official organ of the Woman's Christian Temperance
Union, was published at Topeka; Olive P. Bray, editor.

FEBRUARY 4. The Supreme Court held that the law attaching Clark and
Meade counties to Comanche county was unconstitutional, affirming the opin-
ion of the Attorney General.

The Kansas State Eclectic Medical Assn. in extra session at Topeka re-
solved "that the State Board of Health shall not have power to enforce com-
pulsory vaccination, nor to make any rule or regulation governing the practice
of medicine."

FEB. 6. Timothy hay sold for $5.50 a ton; prairie hay at $5. All farm
products were correspondingly low.

Eight antelope were captured near Leoti.

FEB. 7. Pratt county offices and records were returned to luka from Pratt
in accordance with a writ of mandamus issued by the Supreme Court.



166 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

The Knights of Labor asked Lawrence dealers to stop sales of the Kansas
City Journal. The boycott, a result of the discharge of union printers several
years before, reduced the Journal's circulation at Lawrence nearly 25 per cent.

FEB. 8. W. F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody presented his "sensational" play, The
Prairie Waif, at the Grand Opera House, Topeka. He was assisted by Buck
Taylor, Western scout, and a band of Indians.

FEB. 11. The State Board of Charities met at Topeka.

FEB. 13. Vol. I, No. 1, Hugo Herald, G. W. McClintock, publisher; the first newspaper
in Stevens county.

FEB. 16. The Royal Arch Masons and the Royal and Select Masters of Kansas met at
Topeka.

FEB. 17. The Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons of Kansas met at Topeka.

FEB. 19. A joint committee on state affairs, reporting on expenditures on
the east wing of the Capitol, charged favoritism, incompetence, extravagance,
inferior materials and workmanship, and recommended the discharge of the
State Architect and members of the Statehouse commission.

Vol. I, No. 1, Hope Dispatch, A. M. Crary, editor.

Vol. I, No. 1, Kiowa County Signal, Greensburg; Will E. Bolton, editor; Milo M. Lee,
publisher.

FEB. 20. The Legislature adjourned. Acts passed included: Authorization
for district courts to set up boards of arbitration in disputes between manage-
ment and labor; permission to counties and cities to encourage development of
natural resources by subscribing to stock of companies organized for such pur-
poses; provision for the disposition of surplus taxes in the hands of county
treasurers; suppression of obscene literature; prevention of hunting on Sunday;
protection of birds; declaration of May 30 as a legal holiday; provision for the
consolidation of cities; creation of the 22nd, 23rd and 24th judicial districts;
provision for the organization of militia; authorization for county high schools;
regulation of certain joint stock and mutual insurance companies; provision for
a department of pharmacy at the University of Kansas, and the re-creation of
Morton and Seward counties.

FEB. 21. G. J. Coleman, Mound Valley, arrested on a charge of cruelty for
dehorning cattle, was discharged by the court.

FEB. 23. The State Reformatory Commission met at Topeka.

G. A. R., Department of Kansas, met at Wichita.

The Women's Relief Corps and the Sons of Veterans met at Wichita.

The Ancient Order of United Workmen met at Topeka.

FEB. 25. Governor Martin appointed R. C. Bassett, Seneca, judge of the
22nd judicial district, created by the 1886 Legislature. It included Doniphan,
Brown and Nemaha counties. C. W. Ellis, Medicine Lodge, was named judge
of the 24th district, comprising Barber, Comanche, Clark, Meade, and unorgan-
ized Kiowa, counties. Stephen J. Osborn, Wa Keeney, was named judge of the
23rd district, which included Rush, Ness, Ellis and Trego counties and the
unorganized counties of Gove, St. John, Wallace, Lane, Scott, Wichita and
Greeley.

FEB. 27. Osage City voted $22,000 in bonds to aid the Council Grove,



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