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Osage City and Ottawa railroad, a branch of the Missouri Pacific.

MARCH 2. The first steel rails of the Kansas, Nebraska and Dakota railroad,
a branch of the Missouri Pacific, were laid near Fort Scott.

Delegates of the Knights of Labor organized a state assembly at Topeka.


MAR. 3. At Garden City the land office was "packed with new settlers."

Nathaniel Stickney Goss, ornithologist, returned from Central America
with 43 new species of birds. His collection was valued at $100,000.

Fourteen women held county offices in Kansas. They were Emily S. Rice
of Harper, county clerk; Jennie Patterson of Davis, Ada E. Clift of Trego, and
Mrs. A. M. Junken of Dickinson, registers of deeds; Gertie Skeen of Barber,
Maggie Kilmer of Chautauqua, Sallie Hulsell of Cherokee, Mary Williams of
Coffey, Mattie Worcester of Graham, Georgianna Daniels of Greenwood, Mrs.
A. C. Baker of Labette, Annie E. Dixon of Lyon, Gertrude E. Stevens of Sher-
idan, and Lizzie J. Stephenson of Woodson, superintendents of public instruc-

Barber county organized an immigration bureau.

MAR. 4. The South Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church met at

MAR. 5. The Supreme Court returned the Pratt county seat to luka from
Pratt, pending settlement in the district court.

Immigrants were pouring into Anderson county, among them a group of
Dunkards bound for Westphalia.

The Garden City Sentinel advocated dividing Kansas at the 200-mile line
and forming a new state of the western half, with Garden City as the capital.

Governor Martin issued a proclamation consolidating Wyandotte, Armour-
dale and Kansas City into a city of the first class, called Kansas City. Officials
elected were: T. F. Hannan, mayor; John J. Moffitt, clerk; Frank S. Merstetter,
treasurer; W. S. Carroll, attorney; J. H. Lasley, engineer; John Wren, street
commissioner; J. K. Paul, fire marshal; John Sheehan, marshal; M. J. Manning,
police judge; Charles Bohl, W. T. Brown, William Clow, Edward Daniels,
Thomas Fleming, Charles Haines, Samuel McConnell, James Phillips, Cornelius
Butler and J. C. Martin, councilmen.

Kenneth and Hoxie, Sheridan county, were consolidated.

MAR. 8. About 250 Missouri Pacific shop employees at Atchison struck in
protest against the Gould system.

MAR. 9. The Independent Order of Odd Fellows grand encampment met at Leaven-

The Order of the Eastern Star met at Newton.

MAR. 10. A colony of 40 families from Berlin, Ontario, arrived at Garden

Leverett W. Spring, author of Kansas, The Prelude to the War for the
Union, resigned from the University of Kansas. The Topeka Daily Capital com-
mented, "The loss of the professor would be more generally mourned if he had
not attempted to write a history of Kansas."

MAR. 11. A graveyard ghost in McPherson county turned out to be a man
copying names from tombstones. It was said that the names were going to be
used on a petition for an election to move the county seat to Galva.

Ferdinand Fuller, member of the first party sent to Kansas by the Emigrant
Aid Co. of Massachusetts, died at his home in Lawrence. He designed the first
University of Kansas building.

Fort Scott protested when the Kansas, Nebraska and Dakota railroad im-
ported cheap Italian labor.

The Southwest Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church met at Mc-


MAR. 12. John Maloy wrote a history of Morris county for the Council
Grove Cosmos.

MAR. 13. Dodge City saloons were closed on complaint of William B.
"Bat" Masterson, peace officer.

The Attorney General interpreted the act of the Legislature pertaining to
school lands as prohibiting their sale until three years after the organization of
the county in which the land lay.

MAR. 14. Italians brought to Yates Center to work on the Verdigris and
Independence railroad were withdrawn when citizens protested.

MAR. 16. A Leavenworth census fraud was exposed. To boom real estate
and secure larger legislative representation, 7,268 names had been added to the
correct return of 22,000.

The Christian Church convention met at Wichita.

MAR. 18. The Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church met at Holton.

The Kansas Evangelical Assn. met at Willow Springs.

MAR. 19. Governor Martin and Frank H. Betton, Labor Commissioner,
conferred in Kansas City, Mo., with the governor and labor commissioner of
Missouri, regarding the Missouri Pacific strike. Their proposal for settlement
was accepted by the workers.

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad contracted to build 28 miles
of road from Elvira, Chase county, via Bazaar and Matfield Green, to El Dorado.

Vol. I, No. 1, Veteran Sentinel, Will C. Higgins, editor; the first newspaper in Stanton

MAR. 20. Paola was lighted by gas from a 310-foot well.

The U. S. District Court at Atchison granted an injunction to the Missouri
Pacific, restraining strikers from obstructing traffic.

MAR. 22. Electric lights were turned on at Abilene. "Time will tell," re-
marked the Reflector, "whether it will be to the interest of the city to use the
same to any extent."

MAR. 23. Kiowa county was organized with Greensburg as temporary
county seat. H. H. Patten, Jacob Dawson and C. P. Fullington were appointed
county commissioners; M. A. Nelson, county clerk.

Vice President Hoxie of the Missouri Pacific modified the proposals of
Governors Marmaduke and Martin for settlement of the strike. The Knights of
Labor considered the conditions unacceptable, and the strike continued with
several displays of violence.

MAR. 25. The Northwest Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church met
at Kirwin.

MAR. 26. Wano, Cheyenne county, ten months old, had 30 business houses
and 55 residences.

MAR. 30. Thirty Missouri Pacific engines were disabled by strikers at

APRIL 1. Cheyenne county was organized with Bird City as temporary
county seat. J. M. Ketcham, W. W. McKay and J. F. Murray were appointed
county commissioners; B. W. Knott, county clerk.

Strikers at Parsons captured deputies, wrecked engines and disabled ma-
chines in the Missouri Pacific shops. The Adjutant General was authorized to
call out the National Guard.


Hamilton county held its first election; Syracuse was chosen county seat.
Officers elected were: L. C. Swink, W. D. H. Shockey and L. W. Hardy, com-
missioners; Thomas Ford, clerk; Alvin Campbell, treasurer; C. H. Frybarger,
probate judge; John Stanfield, register of deeds; Shade J. Denson, sheriff; John
N. Sloan, coroner; William O. MacKinley, attorney; George W. Earp, clerk of
the district court; John Robertson, surveyor; G. F. Rinehart, superintendent of
public instruction. Kendall, a rival town, charged fraud and appealed to the
Supreme Court. The court threw out the vote of Syracuse township and or-
dered county officers to return to Kendall until the general election in November.

Hunting antelope with greyhounds was a popular sport in Cheyenne

Vol. I, No. 1, Hector Echo, C. C. Thompson, editor; the first newspaper in Greeley

Vol. I, No. 1, Western Odd Fellow, Osborne, a monthly; Topliff and Richey, pub-

APR. 2. The Rev. Philip Krohn, jpastor of the Abilene Methodist Episcopal
Church, confessed to scandal charges which led to his suspension. He was a
member of the State Board of Charities and a former member of the Kansas
State Agricultural College Board of Regents.

APR. 3. A regiment of the Kansas National Guard was sent to Parsons dur-
ing the railroad strike. At Atchison, trains were running on schedule and 58
men were at work in the shops. Only those who assisted in destruction were
refused employment. Mayor S. H. Kelsey of Atchison said the city would pay
for all damage to Missouri Pacific property within city limits.

Fifty west-bound prairie schooners were passing through Oberlin daily.

Greenwood county had over a thousand persons of foreign birth, includ-
ing 219 English and Welsh, 192 Danes, 150 Germans, 125 Irish and 62 Scotch.

APR. 5. The State Board of Agriculture crop report showed that the wheat
acreage was 16 per cent less than in 1885 because of light yield and low price.
Forty per cent of the wheat sown had been killed by cold and the Hessian fly.

APR. 6. An anti-dude club was formed at Newton. Fines to be levied in-
cluded $5 for carrying a cane during business hours, $10 for wearing kid
gloves or a plug hat, and $20 for parting the hair in the middle.

APR. 9. Paola voted $20,000 for building the Kansas City and Southwest-
ern railroad.

Wichita employed 527 persons in factories. Products included stairs,
sashes, blinds, doors, flour, brick, cigars, crackers, clothing, saddles, harnesses,
shoes, fence, carriages, millinery, pumps, plows, bedsprings, iron, marble and

Thousands of trees were being planted on timber claims in Kearney county.

The Santa Fe reduced railroad rates to California to $12 first class, $7
second class.

George C. Ropes, Topeka, was appointed Statehouse architect and J. P.
Parnham, Lawrence, superintendent of construction.

Vol. I, No. 1, Gove County Gazette, Gove City; Ralph L. Crisswell, editor and pro-

APR. 12. The Supreme Court ordered a public canvass of the Hamilton
county-seat election of April 1 at Kendall.


APR. 14. A tornado struck Nemaha, Pottawatomie and Wilson counties,
causing much property damage.

The Rock Island took over all stock and franchises of the Omaha, Abilene
and Wichita railroad.

APR. 15. The Wichita Academy was renamed Lewis Academy in honor of
Hiram W. Lewis, who gave $25,000 for a permanent endowment fund.

APR. 16. Two steel barges were completed at Arkansas City for navigation
on the Arkansas river. They were towed by the steamboat, Kansas Miller.

The Hamilton county-seat election was declared illegal. The court or-
dered offices kept at Kendall.

APR. 18. El Dorado celebrated installation of its waterworks. Special
trains brought visitors from Newton, Fort Scott and Wichita.

APR. 20. Mrs. Mary Ellen Lease lectured at Wichita on "Equal Suffrage
and Its Influence on Temperance."

The U. S. Senate confirmed the appointment of Edmund G. Ross, former
U. S. Senator from Kansas, as governor of New Mexico.

APR. 21. The Santa Fe bought the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe of Texas,
a system with about 800 miles of track.

APR. 23. Two hundred zinc workers at Pittsburg struck for higher wages.
The top salary for furnace men was $2.25 a day.

APR. 24. A freight train was wrecked by strikers at Wyandotte. The en-
gineer and fireman were killed.

William Scully of London, England, now owned more than 70,000 acres
of land in Kansas, largely in Marion, Dickinson, Butler and Marshall counties.

APR. 27. Clay county voted a $100,000 bond issue to build a Rock Island
extension through the county, the first proposition submitted by the road in

Ford county voted a $144,000 bond issue for construction of a railroad
from Dodge City to Red Cloud, Neb., by the Chicago, Nebraska, Kansas and

APR. 30. Frank Wilkeson, Salina journalist, was the author of "Cattle-
Raising on the Plains," published in Harper's Magazine.

Governor Martin wrote on "The Progress of Kansas" and Sen. John J.
Ingalls on "National Aid to Common Schools" in the North American Review.

MAY 1. Work began on a $40,000 building for Bethany College, Lindsborg.

MAY 4. The Missouri Pacific strike ended in accordance with an agree-
ment reached at St. Louis by the congressional investigating committee and the
Knights of Labor executive board.

The Kansas State Sunday School Assn. met at Junction City.
The Kansas State Dental Assn. met at Topeka.

MAY 6. Fredonia held a calico ball that netted $45 toward the purchase
of a town clock.

Thousands of plover were slaughtered in Butler county. One hunter
killed 2,000 in one day. Plover sold for 60 cents a dozen in Towanda and $2.50
a dozen in New York.

The Kansas State Homeopathic Medical Assn. met at Topeka.

The Social Science Club of Kansas and Western Missouri met at Ottawa.


MAY 11. Greensburg was chosen permanent county seat at Kiowa county's
first election. Officers elected were: J. L. Hadley, J. W. Gibson and B. F.
Gumm, commissioners; J. N. Crawford, clerk; H. H. Patten, treasurer; W. N.
Hankins, probate judge; Frank L. Cruickshank, register of deeds; O. J. Green-
leaf, sheriff; A. L. Bennett, coroner; J. W. Davis, attorney; J. K. Stephenson,
clerk of the district court; O. L. Stockwell, surveyor; W. W. Payne, superin-
tendent of public instruction.

The Kansas State Eclectic Medical Assn. met at Wichita.

The Knights Templar grand commandery met at Kansas City.

MAY 13. Vol. I, No. 1, Eudora News, M. R. Cain, editor and proprietor.

Vol. I, No. 1, Western Cyclone, Nicodemus; a Negro newspaper; Arthur G. Tallman,
editor. Nicodemus was named for an ex-slave and located by Exodusters 12 miles northeast
of Hill City, Graham county. Population was 333, of which 261 were Negroes.

MAY 14. The Attorney General ruled that the Police Gazette could not be
sold in Kansas.

Hamilton county, population 4,000, had ten newspapers.

MAY 15. The Rock Island purchased the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska

An anti-claim-jumping society was organized in Trego and Graham coun-

Montezuma was founded in Gray county.

Cheyenne county held its first election; Bird City was chosen county seat.
Officers elected were: John F. Murray, John Elliott and John G. Long, com-
missioners; B. W. Knott, clerk; Charles I. Kerndt, treasurer; D. W. Cave, pro-
bate judge; H. E. Kingsley, register of deeds; George W. Reynolds, sheriff;
James A. Scott, coroner; Joseph Crow, Jr., attorney; Edwin M. Phillips, clerk of
the district court; J. A. Hoffman, surveyor; Etta Linn, superintendent of public

The directors of the Kansas State Reading Circle met at Topeka.

MAY 17. Water was turned into the Eureka irrigating canal for the first
time. It was intended to provide a controlled water supply to farmers in Ford
county. The project was conceived in 1882 by George and J. W. Gilbert, and
work began in 1884. The president of the company was A. T. Soule, the "Hop
Bitters" millionaire of Rochester, N. Y.

MAY 18. The Kansas State Medical Society met at Atchison.

The Knights of Pythias grand lodge met at Salina.

MAY 19. The Seventh Day Adventists met at Topeka.

MAY 22. Great Bend had 300 buildings under construction.

The Kansas State Music Assn. met at Topeka.

MAY 26. N. S. Goss published a revised catalog of his Birds of Kansas.

MAY 28. Strawberries sold at four cents a quart in Parsons.

The military cemeteries at Forts Dodge and Lamed were abandoned.

MAY 29. A directors meeting at Chanute voted to consolidate the follow-
ing railroads with the Chicago, Kansas and Western: Walnut Valley and Col-
orado; Pawnee Valley and Denver; Independence and Southwestern; Emporia
and El Dorado Short Line; Colony, Neosho Falls and Western.

MAY 30. Over 6,000 attended the dedication of the National cemetery at


MAY 31. The Fort Dodge military reservation of more than 12,000 acres
was settled by near-by residents. Every quarter section was taken within 24
hours. The government had abandoned the fort several years before.

JUNE 1. The Grand Opera House, Topeka, was sold to L. M. Crawford,
Topeka, who owned opera houses in Topeka, Atchison, Wichita, and the Kansas-
New Mexico circuit.

JUNE 3. Lane county was organized with Dighton as temporary county
seat. Joshua Wheatcroft, J. J. Schaffer and G. H. Steeley were appointed com-

JUNE 5. Vol. I, No. 1, Caldwell Weekly Times, D. D. Leahy, editor and publisher.

JUNE 6. Patrick Fleming, one-time county attorney of Rawlins county,
was hanged by a mob for the murder of five homesteaders.

The Ancient Order of Hibernians met at Leavenworth.

JUNE 8. The State Sheriffs' Assn. met at Topeka.

JUNE 9. The Kansas State Pharmaceutical Assn. met at Emporia.

JUNE 10. Completion of the Missouri Pacific to Salina was celebrated by
1,500 persons.

Electric lights were in general use at Clay Center, which claimed to be
the first city in the Republican valley to use electricity.

The Smoky Hill Editorial Assn. met at Wa Keeney.

The State Board of Health met at Topeka.

Vol. I, No. 1, Sherman County Dark Horse, Eustis; J. H. Tait, editor; Tait and Frank
T. Pearce, proprietors.

JUNE 11. The report of the commission appraising the Salt Springs lands
in Saline, Lincoln, Mitchell, Cloud and Republic counties fixed valuations at
from 50 cents to $50 an acre, totaling about $75,000. When sold, the money
was to go to the State Normal School, Emporia.

JUNE 13. Street car service was begun at Garden City. The first ride was
free. Cars were designed for 15 persons but could hold 50 when all "hanging
on" room was used.

JUNE 15. C. C. Olney fenced 3,000 acres in Ottawa county with barbed

The first state Negro militia, the Garfield Rifles, was organized at Leaven-

The United Presbyterian Church convention met at Topeka.

JUNE 17. Seward county was organized with Springfield as temporary
county seat. Walter I. Harwood, E. M. Campbell and Edward A. Watson
were named commissioners; J. M. Wilson, clerk.

The Kansas State Veterinary Assn. met at Topeka.

JUNE 18. Paola had a free city library of 3,000 books.

Cimarron drug stores were taxed $700 each annually for selling whisky.

Seven thousand acres of land adjoining Paola were leased for oil and gas

Reminiscences of Early Days, a pamphlet by Scott Cummins, was pub-
lished at Canema, Barber county.

Vol. I, No. 1, Cherry vale Republican, S. L. Smith, editor; L. A. Sheward, publisher.
JUNE 19. Directors of the fair association met at Topeka and adopted the name, Kansas
Fair Assn.

JUNE 23. N. S. Goss, ornithologist, discovered that the snowy plover is a
Kansas bird. He secured three specimens in Comanche county.


A branch office of the Louisiana state lottery was located at Topeka.

JUNE 24. Vol. I, No. 1, Logan Republican, B. F. Coffman, editor and publisher.
JULY 1. Fifteen thousand persons attended the interstate Sunday School
assembly at Ottawa. Dr. Lyman Abbott of New York spoke.
Vol. I, No. 1, Little River Monitor, T. J. Robison, editor.

JULY 4. A colony of Swedes settled in Clay county.

JULY 5. Gen. John A. Logan spoke at the Methodist Episcopal Assembly
at Lawrence to an estimated crowd of 40,000.

A Moonlight Boy, a novel by Edgar Watson Howe, Atchison, was pub-

JULY 7. The Republican state convention at Topeka nominated the follow-
ing state ticket: John A. Martin, Atchison, Governor; A. P. Riddle, Girard,
Lieutenant Governor; E. B. Allen, Wichita, Secretary of State; Timothy J. Mc-
Carthy, Larned, Auditor; J. W. Hamilton, Wellington, Treasurer; S. B. Brad-
ford, Carbondale, Attorney General; J. H. Lawhead, Fort Scott, Superintendent
of Public Instruction.

The Kansas and Missouri Press Assn. met at Topeka.

JULY 9. The American Coursing Club was organized at Topeka.

JULY 14. The Prohibition party state convention at Emporia nominated the
following state ticket: C. H. Branscombe, Douglas county, Governor; D. W.
Houston, Anderson county, Lieutenant Governor; W. B. Klaine, Ford county,
Secretary of State; C. H. Langston, Douglas county, Auditor; William Crosby,
Jefferson county, Treasurer; W. S. Waite, Lincoln county, Attorney General;
Mrs. C. N. Cuthbert, Sumner county, Superintendent of Public Instruction.

The State Board of Pharmacy met at Topeka.

JULY 15. Lane county held its first election; Watson was chosen county
seat. Officers elected were: G. H. Steeley, John L. Schaffer and C. E. Hous-
ton, commissioners; T. J. Smith, clerk; W. H. Lee, treasurer; V. H. Grinstead,
probate judge; Maurice Roche, register of deeds; D. G. McClellan, sheriff; P. B.
Dick, coroner; T. J. Womack, attorney; E. G. French, clerk of the district
court; P. W. Hey, surveyor; Grace Hoover, superintendent of public instruction.

JULY 16. Hundreds of women and children were engaged in the silk-cocoon
industry. The majority of them were Russian Mennonites in Marion, Harvey,
Sedgwick and Reno counties. Miss Mary M. Davidson, Junction City, wrote a
manual for beginners in silk culture.

JULY 20. A suit was filed in the Supreme Court to compel the return of
Rush county offices and records to Walnut City from La Crosse.

Rep. Edmund N. Morrill, Hiawatha, demanded that the Secretary of the
Interior detain Chaco, the Apache murderer of the McComas family in 1883,
until evidence could be furnished to warrant his conviction. Mrs. McComas
was a sister of Eugene Ware, Kansas poet.

JULY 22. Jacob Stotler sold his interest in the Wellington Press to A. L.
Runyon, veteran newspaperman and father of Damon Runyon.

JULY 25. The Denver, Memphis and Atlantic railroad reached Norwich.

JULY 26. Mr. Desmond, U. S. A., a novel with scenes and incidents laid at
Fort Leavenworth, by John Coulter, formerly of the Leavenworth Times, was
published by McClurg's, Chicago.


JULY 27. Kansas departments of the G. A. R. and the W. R. C., accom-
panied by the Modoc and Flambeau clubs, left Topeka in 14 railroad coaches
to attend the national G. A. R. encampment at San Francisco.

Willie Sell, 16, was sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering his fam-
ily at Osage Mission (St. Paul), in March.

Clay Center was building $15,000 and $75,000 hotels, a $25,000 opera
house, and eight $8,000 brick houses.

JULY 28. The Wichita Piscatorial Society left in a special car, decorated
with tall corn, to spend a month in the Minnesota lake region.

JULY 29. The Sheridan county seat was moved from Kenneth to Hoxie,
ending all residence at Kenneth.

Work began on the Rock Island bridge across the Kansas river at Topeka.

JULY 30. The steamer Kansas Miller, made a trip from Arkansas City to
Fort Smith, Ark., with a cargo of 100,000 pounds of Kansas flour.

AUGUST 3. Stevens county was organized with Hugoton as temporary
county seat. John Robertson, H. O. Wheeler and J. B. Chamberlain were
named commissioners; J. W. Calvert, clerk.

A thousand men were working on the Rock Island between Topeka and
St. Joseph, Mo. Graders were at work on the Santa Fe extension from Arkansas
City to Galveston. The Missouri Pacific was laying track from El Dorado to

AUG. 4. The Democratic state convention at Leavenworth nominated the
following state ticket: Thomas Moonlight, Leavenworth, Governor; S. G. Isett,
Chanute, Lieutenant Governor; W. F. Petillon, Dodge City, Secretary of State;
W. D. Kelly, Leavenworth, Auditor; L. P. Birchfield, Jewell county, Treasurer;

A. S. Devenney, Johnson county, Attorney General; W. J. A. Montgomery, Clay
Center, Superintendent of Public Instruction.

The Negro Knights Templar met at Topeka.

AUG. 5. Seward county held its first election; Fargo Springs was chosen
county seat. Officers elected were: E. M. Campbell, P. W. Kimball and Charles
Mayo, commissioners; Oliver Leisure, clerk; A. T. Ragland, treasurer; L. A.
Etzold, probate judge; George W. Ferner, register of deeds; G. W. Nelley,
sheriff; Dr. C. M. Carpenter, coroner; C. J. Traxler, attorney; W. E. McClure,
clerk of the district court; A. L. Stickel, surveyor; Charles Edwards, superin-
tendent of public instruction.

AUG. 7. The Topeka Daily Capital listed 44 fairs to be held in the state
during the year.

AUG. 10. Scott county held its first election; Scott City was chosen county
seat. Officers elected were: H. M. Cranor, C. Garrett and Eugene McDaniel,
commissioners; Charles S. Reed, clerk; W. R. Hadley, treasurer; Thomas Poul-
son, probate judge; C. C. Hadley, attorney; B. F. Griffith, register of deeds;

B. F. Daniels, sheriff; Dr. J. F. Bond, coroner; S. T. Burgess, clerk of the dis-
trict court; William E. Daugherty, surveyor; Miss Lulu Boling, superintendent
of public instruction.

AUG. 14. Vol. I, No. 1, Little Sand-Pounder, Abilene. It was "devoted to the science
of pounding sand in a rat hole."

AUG. 16. Vol. I, No. 1, Clay Center Evening Times, D. A. Valentine, editor.

AUG. 18. The Attorney General ruled that "any woman over 21 years of
age is a qualified voter at a school meeting."


Shawnee county led all others with a school population of 14,505 and an
apportionment of $7,397.55. Leavenworth was second and Sedgwick third.

AUG. 19. The State Board of Railroad Commissioners reduced freight rates
on wheat and corn five to ten percent.

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