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eighteen miles before we got to timber after leaving Golden Grove

23. Brig. Gen. James G. Blunt was commander of the District of Kansas, at this time,
with headquarters at Fort Scott. He became Kansas' first, and only, Civil War major
general on November 29, 1862.

14__3879



194 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

The first timber was on a medium sized creek in which was plenty
of water After crossing we went up on a narrow prairie and
halted for the train to close up then went on to a small town
called Oregon

At Oregon we crossed another stream of considerable size on
which was a large flour and saw mill There was a company of Mo.
S. Militia stationed at this place; the first we had seen The regi-
ment halted here to feed but Col Cloud went on to Sarcoxie a town
eight miles from Oregon and which was our place of destination
with his escort We arived there about four oclock P. M. [October
3rd] We went immediately to Gen Solomons [?] headquarters
where we found Gen Blunt We got forage here and fed our horses
and the Gen. ordered the cooks to get us some supper and a good
supper we got too About dark we were dismissed by Col Cloud
and sent to our company The regiment having just came in and
were sent out on the prairie south of town where we found them

Sarcoxie is a medium sized town situated in the timber on a
medium sized creek and is nearly deserted by the citizens It was
the residence of the rebel Gen. [James S.] Rains before the war
broke out and has been a general rendezvous for the rebels before
it was occupied by our troops Here was where the rebel army
was first organized and was the place where the rebel portion of
the legislature met after Gen [Nathaniel] Lyon took possession of
Jefferson City and Boonville At this time the rebels were camped
at Newtonia about twelve miles south of Sarcoxie A detachment
of Solomons brigade had an engagement with them a few days
before we got to Sarcoxie and were obliged to retreat having several
killed and wounded and a large number taken prisoners

We got orders before dismounting to get supper and prepare our-
selves with one days rations and forty rounds of ammunition and
to be ready to march again at nine oclock P. M. We got supper
eat and were ready by the time, but we did not move till about
twelve then we started out taking a road which went nearly due
south we marched about six miles and stoped the head of the
column resting at the timber we dismounted and stood to horse
till morning the night had become very dark accompanied with
some rain I was sent for by Capt Crawford for an orderly and
I was his orderly till the next night

At daylight we moved on until our advance guard drove in the
enemies pickets, then halted, formed our line, and waited a short
time when we heard the artilery commence firing, it having taken
another road, had come up and attacked the enemies right; this



OSBORNE'S CIVIL WAR EXPERIENCES 195

was our signal to move forward which we did immediately, but be-
fore we arrived at Newtonia the enemy had fled. We had expected
to have a severe battle with the enemy here. All the troops had
come out from Springfield which with Gen. Blunts division
amounted to twenty thousand men, and the enemy fled at the first
fire. Not over a dozen men were hurt on either side. We pursued
them to the timber, then came back to Newtonia. The Springfield
troops went back towards Springfield, and we camped near the
town. We killed all the hogs we wanted and procured plenty of
forage for our horses.

We remained here overnight and the next morning by nine oclock
our train come up, by noon four Go's of the regiment were ordered
to go out and meet a supply train, which was coming from Fort
Scott. The Go's were A, D, I and K, and were under the command
of Col. Cloud; Capt Moore 24 was second in command. We passed
through Granby the principal town of the lead mines, and Sarcoxie,
then went on towards Carthage stopping on the prairie about one
oclock in the morning and remained untill daylight, then went over
a creek to another road where we found the train, then stopped
got us some breakfast of roast beef, and apples, which was abun-
dant. Then we were divided, Go's K, and I, in advance and A, &
D, were in the rear of the train, went through Granby, and arived
at Newtonia at dark. We had no rations and the baggage train
had left; So Capts Moore, and Russell, 25 demanded some hard bread
of the Commissary, which was refused, when Capt Moore jumped
up on a wagon and rolled off a box for each company, ordered the
men to carry it away then gave the Commissary an account of it,
which ended the matter. Early in the morning we marched on to
Indian Creek, where the rest of the regiment was camped in a field
near the creek, in the form of a hollow square, where we remained
three days. It rained nearly all the time. The ground became
very muddy, and we were glad to get away from there.

One night the camp was alarmed and we got up and saddled,
mounted, and stood in line, untill we were wet through, it proved
to be a false alarm, and we went back to bed.

About the 10th of Oc we left Camp Mud, went nearly east going
through Gad Fly, and arrived at Hazel Bottom five miles from
Keitsville on the 13th [of October], where we remained until
the 16th. We did not recieve orders to march until two oclock in
the morning, and the available force moved at four, leaving the sick,

24. Amaziah Moore, captain of Company D.

25. Avra P. Russell, captain of Company K.



196 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

and dismounted men, and cooks, to come up with the baggage
train. I was on guard and did not come off post until just as the
regiment left. I was relieved at seven and went on finding the
regiment at Kiettsville About twenty men of the company had
gone out with what prisoners we had under a flag of truce to turn
them over to the rebels and the regiment was waiting for them to
get some distance ahead before starting About noon we left
Kietsville taking the telegraph road arrived at Elkhorn Tavern by
five oclock in the afternoon The train which had came with us
from Kietsville was sent back after we had taken out three days
rations and forty rounds of ammunition and we stopped there for
the night We were on the battle field of Pea Ridge now where
Gen. Curtiss had beaten the rebels in the spring The country
round was rough rocky and covered with timber which made it a
hiding place for hundreds of gurillas who improved it Before we
had gone to sleep the pickets commenced firing and the remnant
of Co. A were sent out to reinforce them remaining with them until
sunrise the next morning then went back to camp. The men who
had been out with the flag of truce had returned, having found
the rebel pickets five miles northeast of Bentonville, where they
exchanged their prisoners. At ten oclock we moved on to MdCol-
lochs gap, on [?] creek which had been fortified by McColloch,
about the time the battle of Pea Ridge was fought remained here
one night

About ten oclock the next day (the 18th) we left McColloch's gap
taking the Fayetteville road went on about six miles when our
advance guard was fired on by the rebels. Co. A, which led the
column were sent to the right of the road mounted Co. D to the
left dismounted and advancing through the timber soon came to a
field in sight of the enemy who were standing their ground but
when we fired on[e] volley into them they left as fast as their horses
could carry them Our howitzers were brought up and a few shells
fired after them One of our men was wounded and one horse dis-
abled None of the enemy were killed or disabled so that they
could not get away We formed our line and waited one hour then
went on to Cross Hollows seeing nothing more of the enemy We
found hats, coats, guns, &c. scattered allong the road among which
was a rebel sabre made out of an old mill saw the blade was about
three feet in length ground sharp on both edges wooden gripe
with a single piece of steel for a guard

After watering our horses, went back about half [a] mile and
camped I was sent out on picket with six others, on post on a



OSBORNE'S CIVIL WAR EXPERIENCES 197

road east of Cross Hollow, where we remained until three oclock
in the afternoon the next day, when the officer of the guard sent
for us, to come in as the regiment had moved without his knowl-
edge and we went to find them, but on arriving at Cross Hollow we
met them, and went back [to our?] posts. The regiment had been
joined by the Seventh M. S. M. and had been out to Mud Town
but had not had any skirmish with the enemy. The rebels were
camped at Elm Springs thirteen miles north of Fayetteville, where
they intended to fight us, but the officers did not think it best to
attack them there. The pickets were relieved about dark and we
fell in to the rear of the regiment, marched about five miles back
towards Pea Ridge, and camped. The next morning we were out
of rations and made out our breakfast of roasted apples, and coffee,
left camp early passed McCollochs gap and found the regiment
three miles west of Elkhorn. Gen. [John M.] Schofields division
had advanced as far as Elkhorn. The llth Kan. Inft. had arrived
from Fort Scott, and were attached to Col. Clouds brigade.

[Battle of Old Fort Wayne, October 22, 1862 2Q ]

At three oclock P. M. [October 20] we recieved orders to march
at six, taking everything. At dark we started out taking the Ben-
tonville road, and marched until three the next morning, when we
arrived at Bentonville. Gen. Blunt accompanied this expedition
with the 2nd, (Col. Weir 27 ) and the 3rd, (Col. Clouds) brigades.
We remained at Bentonville until four oclock P. M. of the twenty
first of Oc. then marched on towards Maysville. Co. A & H of the
2nd Kan. were the rear guard kept moving until three the next
morning, when we stopped built fires and slept till morning. The
night was very cold and we suffered considerable.

By daylight Gen. Blunt sent back for us to come up on the double
quick as he with only four companies of the 2nd had met the enemy.
We went on through Maysville and found the Gen. four miles
southwest of there, and eleven from where we were in the morn-
ing. The rebel pickets were captured, and small parties were out

26. General Blunt reported this engagement as follows: "After a severe night march
of 30 miles I attacked the rebel forces of Cooper and Stand Watie this morning at 7
o'clock. Their force estimated at from 4,000 to 7,000. The attack was made by my
advance, consisting of the Second Kansas Volunteers and two mountain howitzers, and
after a spirited engagement of less than an hour resulted in the complete and total rout
of the enemy, with the loss of all their artillery, one battery of 6-pounder brass pieces,
a large number of horses, and a portion of their transportation and camp and garrison
equipage. They are now fleeing in disorder in the direction of Fort Smith. All my
available cavalry and four mountain howitzers are now [October 22 2 P. M.] in hot
pursuit. My loss, as far as known, is 4 killed and about 15 wounded. The Enemy's
loss in killed and wounded is much greater. I have 30 prisoners. . . ." War of
the Rebellion, Series I, v. 13, p. 325.

27. Col. William Weer, Tenth Kansas infantry.



198 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

to accertain the position of the enemy. Co A was sent to the right
and advanced a half mile when we were joined by Co. H, and con-
tinuing our advance another half mile, when we discovered the
enemy about four hundred yards in front of us, then we run our
horses over the fence, and attacked them. Lieut. [E. S.] Stover
brought up the howitzers in front of us, and unlimbered and com-
menced firing on the enemy, with shell. All of the regiment but
Co A., and the howitzers were sent to the left, and dismounted,
Lieut. Stover called for more men to work the howitzers and Lieut.
[John] Johnston sent him several. We were posted on a high piece
of ground and in full view of the enemy. The enemy had four
pieces of artilery which they directed towards our howitzers but
nearly all their shots were fired to high. The enemy were posted
in our front and both to the right and left of us, in all numbering
three thousand men, commanded by Gen. [Douglas H.] Cooper,
but he was intoxicated and managed the battle unskilfully. Just
as the howitzers fired their last shell, Capt Crawford with five com-
panies of dismounted men charged on the rebel battery, and cap-
tured it, the enemy retreating to the timber. This battle lasted
twenty one minutes. On our side no troops were engaged but the
2nd Kan Cav'y- until the rebel battery was captured, then Rabbs
battery came up and fired after the enemy. We had three men
killed and mortally wounded. The rebels lost thirty killed, and
wounded, but no prisoner [s] were taken on either side. As soon as
the Inft came up we were sent three miles to the right, where we
captured a herd of beef cattle, then returned and camped on the
battle field. The train came up at sundown, and we pitched our
tents for the first night since leaving Hazel Botton.

The next morning we moved our camp half a mile, but before
we dismounted an allarm was given, and the Inft and artilerry
we [re] formed in line on the same ground that we occupied the
day before, and cavalry was sent out to reconnoitre, it proved to be
a party of rebels who not knowing of the battle the day before
were coming to the camp, but discovered their mistake in time to
get away again. In the afternoon a scout of two hundred men
were sent out under command of Maj Fisk, and after dark one
hundred and fifty men were sent out on picket. I was one of the
last detail. We went out through Maysville and were posted in
small squads on several different roads, but saw nothing except one
bushwhacker and he got away.

At four oclock in the afternoon of the 24th we were relieved by
the 6th Kansas. In the afternoon the weather turned cold very



OSBORNE'S CIVEL WAR EXPERIENCES 199

suddenly, and the wind rose, and it commenced snowing and the
next morning the ground was covered three inches with snow, but it
all went off in a few days, Maj Fisk returned on the twenty fifth,
not having any action with the enemy. He had heard some women
telling about the battle of Maysville, who said that we had just
thirty one thousand men there, and that they were obliged to re-
treat on account of our numbers. The scout went as far as Cin-
cinnatti. The battery that was captured was issued to Co. B, it
consisted of three six pound field pieces, and one twelve pound
[howitzer]. I was detailed on the twenty fourth as messenger for
a court martial. The 28th [Henry S.] Shannon, and [John Y.]
Hewitt, were promoted to sergeants and [James A.] Gooch and
[George W.] Spencer, to corporals.

We left Old Fort Wayne the thirtieth of Oc. marched twenty
miles and camped naming it Camp Solomon. The 13th Kan Inft
arrived on the twenty eighth, and were attached to the 2nd, (Col.
Weirs), brigade, the 3rd of Nov. we left Camp Solomon went
twenty miles, and named the Camp Bowen. While here Maj
Fisk took the available force of Co A, I, K and went down to
Browns mill, eight miles from camp took posession while two com-
panies of the llth run it.

The 6th Capt. Crawford took the available force of the rest of the
regiment, and went out on a scout went through Cane Hill where
he met some rebels who fled and he pursuing them captured six
wagons, and an ambulance, on Cove Creek but not having any
teams to haul them away burned them. All the mills in the neigh-
borhood of camp were taken posession of by the army, and in this
manner large quantities of flour was produced. The 14th as the
Co. were going to take their baggage to Browns mills, I requested
Lieut. [Gideon M.] Waugh, the judge advocate, to relieve me
which he did. We arrived at the mill about noon and had the
tents pitched when a detail came round calling for three men of
each company, we went out were gone all night and when we
arrived at camp the next morning the company was gone, but we
took their trail went back to Camp Bowen, then southwest twenty
miles where we found the division all camped, this camp was named
Babcock. The 16th I was on another scouting party we passed
between Camp Bowen, and Browns mills, and arrived at Elm
Springs about sundown went on three miles when night set in,
dark and rainy when we turned back went about five miles, and
the night became so dark that we could not find the road, stopped
at a bushwhackers house lay down by the side of the road, and slept



200 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

till morning. The next morning we got up cold and wet and rode
twenty miles to camp where we got breakfast. . . .

[At this point there are three pages lacking from the manuscript,
pages which described events between November 17 and November
22. In an official history of the Second Kansas cavalry it is stated
that "On the 17th of November [1862] Captain Crawford tvas sent
with one hundred (100) men to Carthage, Missouri, to reinforce the
escort to a supply train en route from Fort Scott, and returned on
the 26th." Osbornes narrative, which resumes on November 23,
indicates that he was a member of this detail.]

. . . command was called up, and formed in line but were
sent to quarters in a half an hour. The pickets were reinforced
and changed their position. A party of rebels had charged on the
picket post, took the sentinel prisoner, and drove the rest into the
town. The next morning Lieut Moore took twelve men and went
out to the line road to see if the train had passed on that. Capt
Gardner took a detail and went down Spring river to a mill where
he procured some flour which was issued to the men, cattle were
killed and we did not suffer with hunger. Lieut Moore did not
return until after dark he accertained that the train was on the
road, and would camp near Sherwood that night.

The next morning we left Carthage taking a southwest direction
intending to intersect the line road in the rear of the train, but the
train not having passed we went to far, then turned to the north
and camped at a cornfield at night sent some messengers to
Sherwood where the train was found, and we were camped near
their route. The next morning we took the advance marched
until night when we stopped the next day we went in the rear.
We arrived at camp about sundown the 26th While on our return
several bushwhackers were captured among which was the no-
torious Fay Price The division was still camped at Camp Babcock,
but was short of rations. Early in the morning of the 27th we re-
cieved marching orders, left camp by sunrise. This time the whole
division moved taking three days rations, but the train was left.
We went south on the Cane Hill road halted at Cincinnatti for
supper but went on after dark several miles, then stopped for the
night.



OSBORNE'S CIVIL WAR EXPERIENCES 201

[Engagement at Cane Hill, Ark., "November 28, 1862 2S ]

At five oclock the next morning we resumed our march the third
brigade in advance. The 1st battalion, Maj. Fisk commanding,
of the 2nd Kan. was the advance guard, then Rabbs battery and
the llth Kan. next the 2nd battalion of the 2nd Kan. next the
Indians. We followed the road as far as Rheas mills then turned
to the right, went up a steep hill, and taking the ridge road kept
on towards Cane Hill, kept on until nine oclock when the brigade
halted, excepting Rabbs batterry, and the advance guard, which
went on and attacked the enemy. The enemy were in line readdy
for them but expecting them on the main road had stationed their
battery so as to command it.

When the enemy commenced firing on Capt. Rabb his batterry
was in the woods and he could get but two peices into position
when he replied and sent the other pieces forward on open ground
where they unlimbered and they with Stovers howitzers soon
silenced the rebel battery which was taken away by the enemy
Before Rabb fired a shot he had two men killed and some horses
disabled Maj Fisk was wounded by a piece of a shell in the top of
the head.

As soon as we heard the firing we mounted passed the llth on
double quick turned to the right came out on a high hill several
hundred yards to the right of Capt Rabbs batterry which was shell-
ing some timber in front of us. Gen. Blunt now sent a messenger
to the batterry to have them cease firing and we charged into the
timber and took a position and sent back for a batterry Capt
[Henry] Hopkins brought his up and the llth came up to support
it, the enemy were firing on us with shell but Hopkins soon silenced
them and they fell back

We now took a circuitous route and comming into the town found
the second brigade there but we soon passed them left the road
on our right went through fields and by roads and came in sight
of the enemy near the foot of the mountain their battery was
placed in position about half way up and the cavalry at its foot.
Co. C was sent forward to the left of the road dismounted Cos.
A & D, took posession of the road mounted Co. C, soon discovered
the enemy and opened a brisk fire on them and Co. A were dis-

28. Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis' report of this engagement stated: "General Blunt,
with his division, made a forced march and attacked the enemy yesterday morning at
Cane Hill, Ark. The battle lasted for several hours. The enemy, under General Marma-
duke, began to fall back about 1 o'clock, but retreated, fighting till sundown. The
victory was complete. Our loss is not great. The enemy much more. Our forces camp
on the battle-field. The enemy has retreated to Van Buren." War of the Rebellion,
Series I, v. 22, Ft. 1, p. 41.



202 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

mounted and went forward to assist them After firing several
rounds the enemy opened on us with shell and we retreated about
a hundred yards and waited for the battery. E. Wilson was
wounded in this action.

Rabb soon came up and fired some shell at the enemies batterry
when it was taken up the mountain, and the 1st Indian, and 2nd
Kan. charged up the mountain continually skirmishing with the
enemy, who kept firing, and falling back, we followed them about
two miles on the mountain when the llth, and 6th, were sent up
and relieved us, they followed the enemy until dark. Once the
enemy charged back on the 6th, killed several, and mortally wound-
ing Lieut. Col. [Lewis R.] Jewell, who fell into their hands, but the
6th soon retook the ground, and the enemy still retreated.

About dark the enemy sent in a flag of truce, offering to give up
Col. Jewell and wished to know what would be done with their
dead and wounded, when Gen. Blunt told them that their dead
would be burried, and their wounded delivered to them outside of
our lines. The battle had lasted from ten in the morning until six
at night and the enemy retreated fourteen miles with us after them,
and continued their retreat during the night. Their loss was ninety
killed, and wounded, ours was not so severe only one man in the
2nd was killed. Lieut Col. Jewell died in a few days. Maj Fisk
was sent to Kansas where he remained six months, and recovered.
The 2nd Kan. camped at night on the head of Cove Creek, and the
rest of the command went back to Cane Hill. This battle was
named Cane Hill, and was fought on the 28th of November 1862.
The next morning we went back to Cane Hill, and details were
sent out to bury the dead and bring in the wounded. The 30th
our train came up and we camped in a field just east of Cane Hill.

The 31st two hundred men were detailed out of the regiment
for a scout with Capt. [Hugh] Cameron in command, the other
officers were Capt. [Arthur] Gunther, Lieuts [John A.] Lee, [W.
M.] Hook, [P. B.] Mitchel[l], and [A. T.] Lavella [Lovelette].
About two oclock P. M. we started out went out to the grand
guard where Capt. Guenther took half the men and went over the
mountain on the ridge road while Capt. [Hugh] Cameron took the
rest, and went over on Cove Creek followed it down meeting
Capt. Guenther fifteen miles from where we separated, then kept
on down Cove Creek to Olivers store, there halted. The enemy
were camped two miles below we remained here half an hour,
then faced about went back eight miles, then turned went up a



OSBORNE'S CIVIL WAR EXPERIENCES 203

mountain, and went back towards the rebel camp went up near
enough to the camp to see their fires, formed plattoons and dress
paraded around for an hour, then started back towards Cane Hill.

It was now nearly daylight, we went about two miles, and
stopped fifteen minutes to feed, then went on up a creek Sergt.
[C. A.] Archer had command of the rear guard and remaining a



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