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stitutional conventions, died at Topeka. He helped found Washburn College
and donated the land for the school.

The West German Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church met at Enterprise.


SEPTEMBER 1, "In politics the virtues of women would do more harm than
their vices/' wrote Senator Ingalls in an anti-suffrage article, "The Sixteenth
Amendment," which appeared in Forum.

SEPT. 2. The Free Methodist Church conference met at Topeka.

SEPT. 3. The Western National Fair Assn. met at Lawrence.

SEPT. 6. Clarence H. Venner, Boston, filed suit to restrain the Santa Fe
from issuing $10,000,000 in new stock. He claimed the issue was illegal.
Judge Brewer failed to grant an injunction.

First classes were held at Garfield University, Wichita.

SEPT. 7. A salt vein struck at Ellsworth at a depth of 730 feet was 155
feet thick.

SEPT. 8. An injunction against the organization of Grant county charged
the census taker with fraud, drunkenness, conspiracy and favoritism.

SEPT. 9. Labette was the leading castor bean county with 8,946 acres.

The Universalist Church conference met at Hutchinson.

SEPT. 10. Fifty-six cars of cattle were shipped from Caldwell to Chicago
over the Rock Island, the first shipment on the line. Cars were elaborately
decorated. The train ran in three sections; the last carried a Pullman car
for cattlemen and a brass band.

SEPT. 13. The Methodist Episcopal Church camp meeting opened at Topeka.

SEPT. 16. At Fort Scott and Leavenworth Negro children were refused
admittance to schools reserved for whites.

SEPT. 17. Logan county was organized with Russell Springs as temporary
county seat. J. W. Kerns, N. C. Phinney and R. P. McKnight were appointed
commissioners; Joseph W. Jones, clerk.

Buildings under construction at Salina included the four-story brick Na-
tional Hotel; the $50,000 Episcopal military school; a $25,000 lodge building;
three ward schools, $10,000 each; a Knights of Pythias building, $30,000; the
Tribune building, $25,000; the Huntington Opera House, $30,000.

SEPT. 18. The Carey Hotel, Wichita, was completed at a cost of $120,000.

SEPT. 20. A day's run at the Parkinson Sugar Works, Fort Scott, yielded
23,000 pounds of sugar from 200 tons of cane.

A window-glass factory at Fort Scott, said to be the first west of the Mis-
sissippi river, was ready to begin operation.

SEPT. 22. Leavenworth celebrated the 17th anniversary of the Riverside
coal discovery with a trades parade; 350 decorated floats took part.

J. A. Stewart, Wichita drugstore clerk, pleaded guilty to 208 counts of
violating the liquor law and was sentenced to 17 years in jail and fined $20,000
plus costs.

SEPT. 26. Grading began on the Garden City Nickel Plate railroad, which
would connect Finney county with the Denver, Memphis and Atlantic railroad
in Lane and Ness county.

SEPT. 27. A 300-foot vein of salt was discovered in South Hutchinson by
Ben Blanchard, who was disappointed in his efforts to find gas, oil or coal.

Johnson City was voted permanent county seat of Stanton county.

The Women's Christian Temperance Union met at Salina.
The Christian Church convention met at Hutchinson.


SEPT. 30. A sunflower badge worn by Kansas delegates at the G. A. R.
convention at St. Louis attracted attention. The Newton Daily Republican be-
lieved they would attach the name of "Sunflower State" to Kansas.

OCTOBER 4. A suit began in the Supreme Court to test the constitutionality
of the metropolitan police law. It was claimed the law was unconstitutional
because it suspended general laws.

The Independent Order of Good Templars met at Topeka.

The Improved Order of Red Men met at Girard.

OCT. 5. The glassworks at Paola turned out "the first bottles made west
of the Mississippi river."

The Adjutant General disbanded National Guard companies at Columbus,
Fort Scott, Robinson, Seneca, Jewell City and Smith Center.

The Western Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South met at
Council Grove.

The Union Veterans Union met at Topeka.

OCT. 6. The Arkansas Valley Editorial Assn. met at Hutchinson.

-^-The Presbyterian Synod of Kansas met at Wichita.

OCT. 10. Boom times at Wichita were indicated by a list of factories, capital
and employees:

Factory Capital Employees

Burton Car Works $1,000,000 2,000

Watch factory 250,000 400

Packing house 50,000 400

Ten brickyards 750,000 350

Two iron works 75,000 100

Two sash and door factories 70,000 80

Spice mills 10,000 20

Soap factory 25,000 15

Vinegar works 10,000 15

Two carriage factories 20,000 50

Terra cotta works 20,000 50

Ice factory 60,000 35

Illinois Washer Co 15,000 25

Two artificial stone works 25,000 50

Archer Electrical Manufacturing Co 60,000 15

Stair factory 3,000 10

Boot and shoe factory 100,000 150

Goldback Leather Co 135,000 200

Picket factory 20,000 100

Miscellaneous 29,000 57

Totals $2,727,000 4,122

The Kansas Society of Friends met at Lawrence.

OCT. 11. A contract was let for construction of 30 miles of irrigation ditches
in Finney and Kearney counties.

The I. O. O. F. grand lodge met at Wichita.
The Kansas Ministers Union met at Salina.
The Kansas Baptist convention met at Salina.

OCT. 12. The Washington county courthouse was completed and paid for.

The case of H. H. Cook, editor of the Ottawa Journal, who had sued A. T.
Sharpe of the Ottawa Republican for $10,000, was dismissed. Sharpe had called
Cook a watermelon thief.

Santa Fe was chosen permanent county seat of Haskell county.

The African Methodist Episcopal Church conference met at Omaha, Neb.


OCT. 14. John N. Reynolds, editor of the Atchison Times, was sentenced to

18 months in the penitentiary and fined $200 for using the mails to defraud.

The Kansas Equal Suffrage Assn. met at Newton.

OCT. 16. It was estimated that more than 25,000 women voted in the
municipal elections in April under the new law.

OCT. 17. The American Coursing Club races began at Great Bend.

OCT. 18. Wichita University was opened under the direction of the Synod
of the Interior of the Reformed Church. (This is not the Wichita University
which was established in 1926 when the people of Wichita voted to take over

Fairmount College.)

The Kansas Turner Society met at Topeka. Member towns had withdrawn from

the Missouri Valley Turners.

OCT. 19. Governor Martin commuted the sentence of J. A. Stewart, Wichita
drugstore clerk, from 17 years to six months and cut the fine from $20,000 to

OCT. 20. The General Assn. of Congregational Ministers and Churches of Kansas met
at Wichita.

OCT. 23. The Santa Fe reached Salina.

Dodge City made plans for a $100,000 sugar factory.

OCT. 24. More than 30 carloads of cotton had been raised near lola.

The Y. M. C. A. building at Marion, the first in Kansas, was completed at
a cost of $15,000.

OCT. 25. The Missouri Pacific purchased 100 acres near Winfield for a
shops location.

The Kansas Evangelical Lutheran Synod met at Abilene.

OCT. 26. Five Englishmen were arrested in Paris for forging securities of
the Southwestern Kansas Railroad Co.

The Kansas Anti-Horse Thief Assn. met at Anthony.

The Kansas Academy of Science met at Topeka.

OCT. 27. The Young Men's Christian Assn. of Kansas met at Wichita.

OCT. 29. Vol. I, No. 1, Horton Daily Headlight, Brundidge and Bear, publishers.

OCT. 31. The Atchison Library Assn. received a $10,000 donation from
J. P. Pomeroy.

An artesian well near Meade Center spouted water nearly 40 feet high.

"Buffalo Bill" Cody offered $1,000 a head for buffalo owned by C. J.
Jones, Garden City. He wanted the animals for his wild west show.

In the Gray county-seat election Cimarron defeated Ingalls, 754 to 711.

NOVEMBER 1. Cooper Memorial College, Sterling, was opened under the
direction of the United Presbyterian Synod.

The first train passed over the "dummy" railroad line between Kansas
City and Leavenworth. Fare was 74 cents one way, $1 a round trip.

Nov. 2. A trial of a new electric switch signal by the Santa Fe proved
successful. It was invented by McClure and Wright of Junction City and
was expected to lessen the danger of open switches.

The Topeka Sorghum Sugar Manufacturing Co. was organized with a
capital stock of $150,000.

Nov. 3. Edward C. Weilup, Galena, was appointed U. S. consul at Sonne-
berg, Germany, succeeding Oscar Bischoff, Topeka, who resigned.


Nov. 4. The Wichita Eagle issued the first number on its web-perfecting
press, the first in Kansas. It had a capacity of 1,600 pages per minute.
Governor Martin lifted the quarantine on cattle from Cook county, 111.

The Young Women's Christian Assn. of Kansas met at Lawrence.

Nov. 5. A grand jury at Marion investigated charges of corruption made
against members of the silk commission by the dismissed superintendent, I.

The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court which
perpetually enjoined the canvass of the 1885 Pratt county-seat election, won by
luka. Saratoga, the rival town, wanted another election.

Nov. 7. The Supreme Court ordered Gray county commissioners to canvass
returns of the election of October 31.

Nov. 8. Dr. A. G. Abdelal, recently suspended from the State Board of
Pension Examiners, was reinstated when charges against him were dismissed by
a federal grand jury at Leavenworth.

County elections resulted generally in victory for the Republican tickets.
J. W. Robison was elected to fill the vacancy in the 23rd senatorial district. In
Seward county the Fargo Springs ticket won over Springfield in a test of
county-seat sentiment. In Harper county a similar contest resulted in victory
for Harper over Anthony. Both Eminence and Ravanna claimed a majority
in Garfield county.

Nov. 12. Cimarron received a majority of votes in the Gray county-seat
vote on October 31.

Nov. 13. Haysville, 12 miles south of Wichita, was destroyed by fire.

N. S. Goss, state ornithologist, left for Lower California and Mexico in
search of additional specimens for the state collection.

Nov. 15. Lee Mosier, convicted of the murder of Hugh B. Lawler, was
executed at Wichita. It was the first legal hanging in Kansas since 1870.

The Supreme Court issued a writ of mandamus in behalf of Robert Craw-
ford, Negro resident of Fort Scott, to compel admittance of his son in school.

The Attorney General ordered the clerk of the district court in Garfield
county to move his office from Ravanna to Eminence.

Nov. 16. Members of the election board of Union township, Rush county,
were arrested for falsifying returns.

J. E. Rule, Sherman county, claimed he had been elected county treasurer
but was refused recognition by the commissioners. He filed a petition in the
Supreme Court asking that the rival treasurer, J. H. Tait, be compelled to turn
over the office. He also asked $5,000 damages.

Nov. 18. Wano and Bird City both claimed victory in the Cheyenne
county-seat election. Bird City took possession of the courthouse; Wano men
gathered arms and threatened to drive them out.

Nov. 19. The Rock Island reached Clay Center.

The unusual number of jurymen used in the Wyandotte county district
court in the train-wrecking case, during the railroad strike, had exhausted the
list of 900 jurors, with two terms remaining before another list could be

Nov. 21. A reception was held at Topeka for Arthur O'Connor and Sir
Henry Gratten Esmonde, Irish members of Parliament.


Nov. 22. The Kansas State Historical Society received from John Brown,
Jr., a medal presented to his mother by France in 1874 in commemoration of
the services of John Brown, the Abolitionist. The medal is solid gold, 2
inches in diameter, with a portrait of Brown in relief on one side and a suitable
inscription on the other. Victor Hugo was among those who signed the presen-
tation letter.

Kansas had 23 colleges in operation.

Mary E. Merrill became the first woman to practice law in Sedgwick

The Sherman county-seat election was won by Goodland. "Money carried
the day," declared the Sherman County Democrat, of Eustis.

Nov. 24. Thomas Nast, "king of caricaturists," lectured at Crawford's
Opera House, Topeka.

The Kansas State Volunteer Firemen's Assn. was organized at Abilene.

Nov. 25. Quo warranto proceedings were brought in the Supreme Court
in Garfield county offices disputes.

Nov. 28. The number of post offices established in Kansas since December
1, 1886, was 217. Name changes included: Altory, Decatur county, to Kanona;
Arnold, Labette, to Angola; Baldwin City, Douglas, to Baldwin; Bates, Pratt,
to Isabel, Barber; Big Timber, Riley, to Cleburne; Bittertown, Lyon, to Olpe;
Bonasa, Wichita, to Leoti; Boone, Sumner, to Hukle, Sedgwick; Bluestem,
Russell, to Lucas; Bluff Creek, Harper, to Bluff; Bluffville, Ellsworth, to
Geneseo; Braman Hill, Wyandotte, to Summunduwot; Brown's Grove, Pawnee,
to Burdette; Buena Vista, Barton, to Hoisington; Bureau, Logan, to McAllister;
Candish, Ness, to Nonchalanta; Christian, McPherson, to Moundridge; Corbitt,
Ford, to Bucklin; Cuyler, Garfield, to Eminence; Damorris, Morris, to Dwight;
Dowell, Kiowa, to Wellsford; Dresden, Kingman, to Olcutt, Reno; Durham Park,
Marion, to Durham; Easdale, Ellis, to Pfiefer; Eli, Cowley, to Hooser; Elgin,
Chautauqua, to New Elgin; Everett, Woodson, to Vernon; Far West, Morris, to
Latimer; Front, Allen, to Bayard; Gopher, Logan, to Winona; Greystone,
Wilson, to Sidell; Hart's Mill, Chautauqua, to Hewins; Irene, Pratt, to Cairo;
Jurett, Wilson, to Buxton; Kalamazoo, Sedgwick, to Anness; Kansas Center,
Rice, to Frederic; Keimfield, Rush, to McCracken; King City, McPherson, to
Elyria; LaMont's Hill, Osage, to Vassar; Larimore, Franklin, to Imes; Leland,
Kingman, to Spivey; Leslie, Reno, to Medora; Matanzas, Chautauqua, to New-
port; Mule Creek, Ellsworth, to Crawford, Rice; Nasby, Saline, to Trenton;
New Kiowa, Barber, to Kiowa; Nilesville, Ottawa, to Niles; Nyack, Crawford,
to Midway; Pike, Wabaunsee, to Willard, Shawnee; Purcell, Sumner, to Anson;
Radical City, Montgomery, to Ritchie; Rattlesnake, Stafford, to Hudson;
Sherwin City, Cherokee, to Sherwin Junction, Pratt; Silverton, Pratt, to Preston;
Sorghum, Rice, to Bushton; Surprise, Grant, to Tilden; Veteran, Stanton, to
Johnson; Weaver, Osage, to Rosemont; Worth, Butler, to Elbing; Zenith, Reno,
to Sylvia.

Nov. 30. The Livestock Sanitary Commission met to adjust claims arising
under the Texas fever quarantines. Nearly 1,200 cattle were under restriction
in Washington, Sumner and Crawford counties. In Washington, 964 had been
in possession of the sheriff since April 4. Shippers had violated the new cattle-
inspection law.

The Protestant Episcopal Church, Diocese of Kansas, met at Topeka. The diocese
was divided into four convocations: northeast, northwest, southeast and southwest.


DECEMBER 1. Quarantined cattle in Washington county were ordered sold
unless owners paid costs.

Poems of the Plains, by Thomas Brewer Peacock, Topeka, was published
by G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. The Philadelphia Times said Peacock was
regarded by the Saturday Review, London, as the great American poet.

DEC. 2. One divorce for every 15 marriages was the average in Kansas,
according to a survey made by the Department of Interior.

Western Kansas was suffering from a fuel famine. It was claimed that
the Santa Fe had refused to move coal from the mines. Six cars of coal, en
route to Garden City, were switched off at Syracuse by citizens. Crowds
threatened to burn railroad property and rob the engines of coal.

Comanche county young folks resorted to peanut picking as a recreation
in place of cornhusking bees.

DEC. 5. The U. S. Supreme Court, in the liquor cases involving Ziebold
and Hagelin, Atchison brewers, upheld the state's right to take over private
property without due process of law.

DEC. 7. The State Sanitary Board met at Topeka. Discussed were com-
municable diseases, water and ice supply, food adulteration, and sanitary con-
ditions of schoolhouses and grounds.

DEC. 8. I. Homer, former superintendent of the State Silk Station at
Peabody, died in poverty at Kansas City, Mo. Horner had advocated silk as
a suitable industry for Kansas and devoted his time and money to the project.

In the Grant county dispute, Cincinnati alleged fraud in the census and
brought suit in the Supreme Court to prevent organization of the county with
Ulysses as county seat.

DEC. 10. Judge Brewer in the U. S. Circuit Court held that the Walruff
brewery at Lawrence was a common nuisance and directed the U. S. marshal
to close it. John and August Walruff were enjoined from using the brewery
to manufacture intoxicating liquor.

After nine years of fighting, the Rush county seat, by Supreme Court
decision, was moved from La Crosse, where it had been for eight years, to
Walnut City.

DEC. 13. The Kansas State Horticultural Society met at Marion.

DEC. 14. Gold badges were presented to members of the Topeka baseball
club, champions of the Western League.

DEC. 15. The Kansas State Veterinary Medical Assn. met at Topeka.

The Kansas Shorthorn Breeders Assn. met at Topeka.

DEC. 17. The Walruff brewery at Lawrence was razed and the machinery
shipped to Kansas City. Walruff's fight against prohibition had cost him an
estimated $25,000.

DEC. 21. The Paola branch of the Missouri Pacific was completed, con-
necting Kansas City and Pueblo, Colo.

DEC. 22. Russell Springs won the Logan county-seat election.

George E. Harris, president of the Wichita city council, was arrested for
selling liquor and indicted on 40 counts.

The Leoti Transcript said there were 852 newspaper editors in Kansas,
and commented: "This is an appalling statement coming as it does upon the
verge of what promises to be a severe winter."



DEC. 23. Much of the Holton business district was destroyed by fire.
Loss was estimated at more than $90,000.

Kansas City used the installment plan in paying for public works. Im-
provements were encouraged by issuing tax bills through a term of years.

DEC. 24. The State Silk Station at Peabody suspended operation until
spring. The supply of cocoons was exhausted.

DEC. 25. Clark county asked for aid for new settlers made destitute by the
drouth. A committee was appointed to handle contributions.

DEC. 26. -The Kansas Academy of Language and Literature met at Topeka.

DEC. 27. The Topeka Daily Capital employed a resident correspondent
in Washington, claimed to be the first from a Kansas daily.

The Kansas State Teachers Assn. met at Topeka.

DEC. 28. The Kansas Prohibition party held a convention at Topeka.

DEC. 29. The Kansas Midland railroad was completed to Wichita from

The first passenger train on the Rock Island passed through Dodge City.

DEC. 31. Jonathan G. Long, the "mayor of Sumner," Atchison county, died.
He was the only remaining resident of the town, which was destroyed by a
tornado and never rebuilt. Senator Ingalls' essay, "Catfish Aristocracy," pub-
lished in the Kansas Magazine in 1872, was about Long, who stood six feet,
seven inches and weighed 115 pounds. Long served in the Mexican and Civil

The W. C. T. U. established a girls' industrial school at Beloit. The town
gave 40 acres and $10,000.

Seven Lane county farmers, indicted by a federal grand jury, were brought
to Topeka. They were accused of intimidating and injuring another farmer
while trying to scare him off his homestead so they could jump his claim.


AGRICULTURE: Crops as a whole suffered severely from the drouth and farmers in-
curred serious losses. The value of sorghum was greatly increased, however.
Crop statistics for 1887:

Winter wheat
Spring wheat
Irish potatoes . . .




Sweet potatoes
Sorghum: syrup
Sorghum: forage




Castor beans

1 639

409 750 f

32 780 00


142 577

1 400 741

1 190 629 85



228 900f

1 1 445 00



440 000 f

44 400 00


70 111

42 066 600 f

1 472 331 00

Millet and Hungarian

508 441

1 016 882J

4 764 901 00

Tame grasses . .

747 061

410 894 f

2 460 774 00

t pounds
t tons

Livestock statistics:

648 037

Mules and Asses

89 957

Milk cows

692 858

Other cattle

1 568 628


538 767


1 847 394

Other farm products:

27 610 010 Ibs


496 604 Ibs


Poultry and eggs sold






CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS: The biennial report of the board of trustees of State
Charitable Institutions gave the following statistics for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1887:

Institution Enrollment

State Insane Asylum, Topeka . * 569

State Insane Asylum, Osawatomie 478

State Reform School for Boys, Topeka 145

Deaf and Dumb Institution, Olathe 209

Institution for the Blind, Wyandotte 84

Asylum for Idiotic and Imbecile Youth, Winfield 66

Soldiers' Orphans' Home, Atchison 91*

* December 30

CHARTERS: Banks, building and loan, trust companies, 309; boards of trade, fairs, mer-
chant and civic associations, 76; cemetery and funeral associations, 78; churches and
affiliated organizations, 259; coal, oil and mining companies, 130; creameries and dairy
organizations, 19; gas, light, water and power companies, 82; grain, milling and elevator
companies, 22; hotels, 20; insurance companies, 13; livestock and poultry, produce com-
panies, 34; lodges, clubs, guilds and benevolent societies, 123; printing and publishing com-
panies, 34; railroads, 123; real estate, town and immigration companies, 557; schools and
colleges, 34; stage lines and freighting companies, 3; street railways, 60; telegraph and
telephone companies, 11; miscellaneous, 203. Total number of charters for the year, 2,190.

EDUCATION: The number of organized school districts had increased to 8,330 with
7,841 school buildings and 10,450 teachers. Of 526,734 persons between the ages of 5 and
21, 391,554 were enrolled as students. The total amount expended during the year for
school purposes was $4,064,945.49. The average salary of men teachers was $39.28 per
month; women teachers, $32.50 per month. Average length of the school term was 22.8

Fifty-one students were graduated from the University of Kansas in June, 1887. The
enrollment for the fall term was 483, including 53 out-of-state students. Kansas State
Agricultural College had a fall enrollment of 472, with 35 students from other states. The
State Normal School, Emporia, reported an enrollment of 875 for the fall semester. Private
schools and enrollments included Highland University, 91; Ottawa University, 215; Baker
University, 386, and Bethany College, 340.

FINANCES: At the end of the fiscal year, June 30, 1887, the state treasurer reported
a balance of $431,377.90. The state auditor's report showed receipts of $3,210,238.20 from
all sources, and disbursements of $2,778,860.30. The aggregate value of all taxable lands
was $152,200,666, and the aggregate value of city lots, $56,646.873. The valuation of per-
sonal property as returned by the county clerks was $60,796,746.



GOVERNMENT: A list of state and federal officers, judges and members of the legisla-
ture as taken from the biennial report of the Secretary of State:





John A. Martin


Lieutenant Governor . . . .

A. P. Riddle


Secretary of State

E. B. Allen. ..


Auditor of State

T. McCarthy


Treasurer of State

J. W. Hamilton ...


Superintendent of Public Instruction

J. H. Lawhead

Fort Scott

Attorney General .... ....

S. B. Bradford. .


State Printer

C. C. Baker. . .


Secretary State Board of Agriculture
Secretary State Historical Society .

Online LibraryKansas State Historical SocietyThe Kansas historical quarterly (Volume 20) → online text (page 34 of 76)