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The Kansas City (Kan.) Town Co. was formed in 1868. The
townsite was surveyed in 1869 and Kansas City, Kan., became a city
of the third class in 1872. It and the adjoining old town of Wyan-
dotte and Armourdale were consolidated under the name Kansas
City, Kan., in 1886.



IT WAS ALSO A Cow THAT STARTED THE CHICAGO FIRE

From the Georgetown (Ky.) Herald, August 10, 1854.

"How TO CATCH A YANKEE. A letter from Whitehead, in [Doniphan county]
Kansas Territory dated 1st inst., to the New York Herald, says:

"The amount of immigration in the way of men and cattle is surprising.
Thousands and thousands are pouring in from all portions of the Union, but
more especially from Missouri, Kentucky, and Tennessee. It seems to be a
purpose prepence to have it a slave State. There is a story abroad, that at all
the ferries over the Missouri River they have a cow tied and a committee to
watch all immigrants. The committee ask of each immigrant what animal that
is. If he says 'A Cow' all well he goes over. But if he answers, 'A keow,' they
turn him back."



A REAL DIGGER

From the Fort Scott Democrat, September 22, 1860.

WHAT INDUSTRY AND PERSEVERANCE CAN ACCOMPLISH. Mr. John McDon-
ald, living about two miles South-east of town, has just finished the digging of a
well on his claim. The well is thirty-two feet deep, mostly through solid rock.
Mr. McDonald dug the well himself, and Mrs. McDonald hoisted the stone out
of the well with a common pail. It is very tastefully walled up, with a mound
of black slate-stone three feet in height around the mouth of the Well which
prevents any dirt or surface water from getting into it. Mr. McDonald is fifty-
six years of age and his lady is not far short of fifty. We wish them health to
enjoy the fruits of their toil.



452 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

FREIGHTING ON THE FRONTIER

From the Newton Kansan, February 4, 1875.

IN THE SNOWS NEAR DODGE CITY. From Mr. J. C. Brooks, of this township,
who in company with several others returned home last week Tuesday, we
gather a history of how they passed the notorious cold Friday of some three
weeks ago. Their company consisted of Mr. Brooks, Ed C. Munger, R. Cook,
Chas. Cuthbert, John Long and F. M. Moore, of this county, two men from
Cowley county, two from Colorado, one from Fort Dodge, and the balance from
Sedgwick county twenty three in all who were engaged in hauling Govern-
ment freight from Dodge City to Camp Supply, about one hundred miles south:

"We left Dodge City on the 7th of January, going via Ft. Dodge, and
aiming to drive to a little stream called Hackberry, 12 miles from the Fort
Dodge. Having some trouble in crossing the river, we failed to reach Hack-
berry, and therefore we camped in Seven Mile Hollow. We got our suppers
and all prepared beds on the ground except the two Colorado men, who slept
in their wagon. About the time we were going to bed it commenced to snow
and blow; the storm increased till it was fearful. During the latter part of the
night the drifts of snow got so heavy and packed so tight on our heads that
some of us began to smother and some to freeze.

Things began to look dangerous. Three or four men from Sedgwick county
getting so cold that they could not stand it any longer in their beds, crawled
out and climbed into a wagon, with a blanket apiece, leaving their boots and
coats fast under the snow, which was so hard that a horse could walk over it
without sinking, and the drifts appearing to be from three to seven feet deep.
The men that got into the wagon before daylight began to beg for help, but
the other men all being fast under the snow could not help them, so they
begged in vain. Early in the morning of the 8th, one of the men from Colo-
rado got out of his wagon and helped one of the Cowley county men out from
under the snow, and the two went to work in the storm, digging with a spade
to get some of us out from under the snow. Finding it so cold that they could
not stand it they tried to build a fire, but failed. I told them to dig the snow
off my bed, so that I could get out and help them. They then dug me out,
finding one of my boots on the bed. I then got out, and said to them, 'a fire
we must have or we will all perish/

By this time nearly all of the men were begging for help; crying that they
were freezing to death. We rolled a bale of hay off a wagon, and got some
matches by digging a mess box out from under the snow. We then tried to
set it afire, but failed, wasting the matches by letting them get wet. I called
to the men for more matches, but they could not find any. After a few minutes
I happened to think that I had a box of matches in my wagon. I got in and
found them all dry; got some hay and an old coat; pulled some cotton baten
from it, and then tried to set it, hay, wagon, corn, and all afire. The snow
was blowing so bad that it was impossible to set anything afire. I could light
the matches, but could not set anything afire, so I gave it up.

I then took a lantern and matches to where I got out of bed, and handed
it into the bed to Mr. Corey and the mail carrier from Fort Dodge; they suc-
ceeded in lighting it, and the lantern having a piece of the globe broken out,
they wrapped a sack around it and handed it to me. I then tried to set the
bale of hay afire, and the lantern went out. I threw it down and said to the
other two men, that it was the last chance, and that I was freezing. They



BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 453

stood by the side of a wagon, stamping, with apparently but little strength;
I proposed to them to go with me and get into our beds, taking some corn to
eat, and save ourselves as long as possible, but they thought they might as
well freeze standing as laying, so I went to the bed, crawled in with Long,
Mr. Corey and the mail carrier.

We took some barrel staves, set them on end to our backs to hold up the
sheet as we set in the huddle together. The wagon sheet over our bed was
froze fast under the edges of the wagon sheet, with at least five feet of snow
on the edges. I pulled my boots, and had one foot nearly frozen; they sat on
my feet and warmed them. I then suggested that if we had something to eat,
we could fight one another and live till night, so we called Mr. Corey telling
him to bring a bucket of corn for us to eat and get in with us. He brought
the corn, but would not get in with us; I asked him if he could go to town;
he said he was very cold, and left us, the other men all crying for help, but
he said he could not help them. I. then said to the mail carrier, 'what can we
do?' He said, 'if I had my overcoat I would try to go to town/ but it was
froze fast under the edge of the bed where our heads laid. He and I done
our best to get it, but failed.

After studying about half an hour we fell on another plan to build a fire
we called the Colorado man to bring a skillet and a piece of pine wood, but
finding no skillet he said he could not hunt any longer. I called to him for a
bucket, which he brought, and some pine; we whittled some pine kindlings,
filling the bucket and then set it afire. By the time it was afire sufficient to
start out in the storm we were nearly smothered by the smoke. We crowded
it out at a hole just as big as the bucket; Corey and Colorado stuck it to the
bale of hay and set it afire. Corey, (the other man's brother) who was still in
with us, asked for my boots telling me to warm my feet while he went out and
helped them, for fear they would let the fire go out. He put on my boots, and
I waited till I got my feet thawed out, and he not coming I asked the mail
carrier for his overshoes while I could go and knock a wagon to pieces and
build a good fire, and try to save the balance of the men. I put on the shoes
and went out and mounted the nearest wagon, which was Mr. Long's, put it
on the fire; then we carried Government corn and piled on top.

After this we went to pulling and digging out the men from their beds and
taking them to the fire. It being 2 o'clock we had to hurry in order to get
through by night. Getting them all out but Charley Cuthbert, some one said
that he must be dead, for he had not been heard for two or three hours. Two
of us then started out to look for him but could not find him. We came back
and all concluded he was dead. In a little while the horses all crowded up
between two wagons. Some of the men said that the horses were standing on
him, whereupon I went out drove the horses off and took a barrel stave and
began digging around for him. Finally finding him I called for help, and
Colorado came and we after hard work got him out. Being like the most of
us he was unable to walk much.

He being the last, we built another fire, drank a little whisky, eat a little corn,
and our conversation turned upon the subject as to who would go to town for
help; Mr. Cook and Jesse Corey offered to try providing we would let them
have some overcoats. We tied some gunney sacks over their boots and bundled
them up the best we could, put them on two good horses, they saying if they
could not get help they would come back that night. Colorado, one of the
Corey boys, one man from Wichita, who was nearly played out, and I agreed



454 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

to fire till morning, the rest of the men not being able to help us. The night
thus passed away, and a dreary one it was, too.

In the morning, as the Morning Star made its appearance, we discovered a
bright light in the east. Some one said there they come, while some said that's
the wrong course, others that they were lost, but everybody said that it was
undoubtedly a headlight. I picked up a torch, got up on a drift, and with tears
running down my face for joy, waved my light and everybody tried to hollow,
but could not, being so hoarse. After watching the light appear and disappear
for a long time our hopes were terribly blasted when we discovered it was only
the Morning Star shining through the storm. Between that and daylight the
wind fell and then we had a fine fire. By this time I had about played out
and sat down with the understanding with Colorado that he would keep a
fire a while and rouse me to take his place.

The next thing I remember hearing was a sergeant, who rode up and
hollowed "How many of you are dead?" Some half a dozen or more answered
"not any!" Four or five wagons then made their appearance loaded with wood,
etc., for our benefit; a lieutenant then ordered the soldiers to throw a half a
cord or more of wood on the fire, after which a surgeon ordered coffee made;
about the same time the sergeant ordered the men to dig out our beds, but
finding it almost impossible the lieutenant countermanded the order, and in-
stead ordered us placed in the wagons as soon as possible, after which we
were wrapped up in almost innumerable blankets, given a drink of hot coffee,
and then driven to the Fort on double quick, leaving our camp at about 9
o'clock. The soldiers drove our horses in. We burned two wagons, one wagon
bed, all the meat we could get hold of, all the feed troughs, spring seats and
several loads of corn.

After getting us to the Fort the officers and soldiers treated us with great
kindness, and I can say for one that I shall never forget them for it; also Messrs.
Rath and Wright, and in fact all at the Fort. Nearly all of our men were
frozen some, but the chill and smoke hurt us more than the freezing. I don't
think any will lose limbs from freezing. All from this county are now at home
but three. Mr. Munger is still at the hospital but was able to sit up when I
last saw him, which was on the 17th of this month. Messrs. Cook and Cuth-
bert loaded again for Supply. We laid at the Fort nine days, being doctored
up so we thought we was able we started for home, arriving at Newton on the
26th ult, poorer than when we left.

So much for freighting on the frontier. My advice to farmers is to attend
their farms and let freighting alone. In conclusion we will say that we are
very thankful to be at home with our friends once more, even without wagons.



SPRING IN KANSAS, ISN'T IT WONDERFUL?

From the Hugo (Hugoton) Herald, February 20, 1886.

Spring has come, gentle Annie, and don't you forget it! The time for spring
to come on the calendar has not quite arrived, but in this Italian climate the
season of spring kind of forces itself and puts on its linen duster earlier than
it did back where the men lived who located the seasons. We know spring
has arrived for the housewives are out looking after their lettuce seed planted
before the last blizzard, old maids are out looking after their claims and pre-



BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 455

paring to go barefooted as they did back east, the prairie dogs are out gossiping,
and the rattlesnakes and centipedes are bathing themselves in the warm sun-
shine, preparatory to tickling the legs of the tenderfoot. The old bachelors
who went into winter quarters last fall are seen scratching their backs against
a friendly wagon wheel or house corner, and from various other signs including
the breaking of prairie, the cackling of hens, the lasciviousness of roosters, the
energy of homesteaders who have been off their claims for six months or more,
and from various other signs, tokens and indications we know that spring is
here.

Spring is here and here to stay. Let her stay! We would much rather take
a nap in the lap of an early spring than to rustle our neighbor's coal pile to
entertain another end of such a winter as we have just passed through. Soon
you will see the granger out stabbing his corn into the sod and he will confi-
dently tell you that he expects to gather sixty bushels to the acre (This is a
low estimate). He will tell you that this [is] the finest soil he ever stuck a
plow into and the easiest cultivated; that this climate is the most delightful he
ever lived in; that his wife has her health better out here than she had back
east and he expects to send back for his father and his mother-in-law and have
them take up claims adjoining his own; that he likes the society better here
than he did back in Missouri and that people mind their own business and are
not stuck up nor selfish out here. He will tell you that the water is better, the
air purer and that sow-belly fried over a buffalo-chip fire tastes better than
brandy pudding or peach cobbler did back where he came from. A variety of
things he will tell you and if you are a stranger you may be inclined to doubt
his statements, but they are truths gospel truths.



COSTLY HUGGING

From the Minneapolis Messenger, December 12, 1895.

The case of a Leavenworth young woman is worthy of serious consideration.
During the apple carnival in that city, it appears that hugging was a very
pleasant and frequent feature of the affair. A young man named Willie hugged
a young woman named Morley, but the report does not say whether he did it as
a carnival duty or simply for the fun of the thing. At any rate the embrace
resulted in a severe nervous attack for the girl, and she has sued Willie for five
thousand dollars damages. He explained to the girl that he hugged several
other girls during the carnival without any serious results to their nerves, and
that they were able to subdue their nervous attacks, but she was remorseless,
and placed the matter into the cold and chilly hands of the law, which is
notoriously indifferent to the squeezeful impulses of warm-hearted youth. We
have not heard whether the case has been settled or not, but if a girl can obtain
five thousand dollars for just one little squeeze, the fortune of a Vanderbilt
would not put some men on a sound financial basis. It would be dribbled out
in little five thousand dollar dabs. The writer is not personally interested in
the matter, but as sure as you live five thousand dollars is too much.



Kansas History as Published in the Press

Brief biographical sketches of Nelson Case and W. W. Graves ap-
peared in an article by Wayne O'Connell in the Oswego Democrat,
November 28, 1952. Case came to Oswego in 1869, became a com-
munity leader and practiced law for over 50 years. Graves was
editor of the St. Paul Journal for more than 50 years. Both men
made a hobby of local history.

Articles in the December, 1952, number of the Bulletin of the
Shawnee County Historical Society included: a biographical sketch
of James White Frierson Hughes, by William Macferran, Jr., a con-
tinuation of Russell K. Hickman's "First Congregational Church of
Topeka"; "Joab Mulvane House," by Lois Johnson Cone; "Wash-
burn and the Lakin Tract"; "Topeka House Numbers Old Style";
"Col. [J. W. F.] Hughes and the Legislative War," by William
Macferran, Jr.; and another installment of George A. Root's "Chro-
nology of Shawnee County."

The Tiller and Toiler, Larned, on December 11, 1952, published
a 154-page supplement entitled Progress in Pawnee County, com-
memorating the 80th anniversary of the organization of the county.
The magazine-size, plastic-bound, enameled-paper volume contains
five sections of information on Larned and Pawnee county: histori-
cal, agricultural, business and industry, church-school-club, and the
veterans' section.

A history of the Daniel A. Bright family, by Mrs. Jessie Bright
Grove, a daughter, was published in The Tiller and Toiler, Larned,
December 19, 1952. Bright arrived in Pawnee county in April,
1872. The biography of this family and the history of Larned and
Pawnee county are presented by Mrs. Grove as one story.

The Dighton Herald published a history of the Dighton Christian
church, December 31, 1952, and notes on the history of Ravanna,
February 18, 1953.

"The Shawnee Trail," by Wayne Card, the story of a cattle trail
from Texas to Kansas usually overlooked by historians, was pub-
lished in The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Austin, Tex., Jan-
uary, 1953. From 1850 until the Chisholm trail opened in 1867, the
Shawnee trail was the chief route used by the Texas cattlemen to
bring their herds north.

(456)



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 457

Subjects of articles by James A. Clay in recent issues of the
Douglass Tribune were: Christmas in Douglass in 1879, January 1,
1953, and early baseball activities in Douglass, March 12.

Included in Lillian K. Farrar's column in the Axtell Standard
recently was "a Doniphan County version" of the pony express by
Mrs. Margaret Larzelere Rice, Troy, published January 8, 15, and
22, 1953.

The early history of Belleville, by Virginia Watson, was printed
in the Belleville Telescope, January 8, 1953. The town was in-
corporated January 10, 1878, about eight years after the first resi-
dent arrived. The Telescope, March 5, published a brief history of
Fort Lookout.

Historical articles of interest to Kansans appearing in recent issues
of the Kansas City (Mo.) Star included: "Abilene's Heroes of Cow-
town Days Give Place to Outstanding Sons of This Era," by Vivian
Aten Long, January 15, 1953; "Frances Willard Changed Ed Howe's
Mind When She Spoke for Temperance," by Charles Arthur
Hawley, February 26; "Tornado Hits With Mighty Blow but Usually
You Get a Warning," a review of Snowden D. Flora's Tornadoes of
the United States, by Paul V. Miner, March 15; "Indians of Kansas
Along With Others Hope for Riches From Old Land Claims," by
H. E. Bruce, March 17; and "'Big Charlie* Crocker Learned to Be a
Leader in His Trip Across Plains," by John Edward Hicks, March
19. Among historical articles in the Kansas City (Mo.) Times
were: "Adventurer and Pioneer, George Park Led in the Founding
of Two Colleges [Kansas State and Park]," by W. F. Sanders, Feb-
ruary 23, 1953; "Gold of Forty-Niners and Silver From Santa Fe
Buried on the Kansas Plains," by E. B. Dykes Beachy, March 9;
and "Tauy Jones, Benefactor of Indians, Recalled in Claim Filed
by Ottawas," by Charles Arthur Hawley, March 31.

Relics in the museum of A. H. Shutte, Ellis, were described in an
article in the Hays Daily News, January 18, 1953. Mr. Shutte came
to Ellis county 72 years ago and has collected many objects illus-
trative of Kansas history.

Recent historical articles in the Dodge City Daily Globe included:
"Inaugural Recalls Satin-Lined 'Twenty-Million-Dollar' Chapter in
Dodge City History," a brief story of the Dodge City Cowboy
Band, by Hoover Cott, January 19, 1953; the history of the Dodge
City Atheneum Club organized 50 years ago, January 31; and the



458 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

reminiscences of the late Mrs. Sallie DeArmond Sweet who came
to western Kansas in 1885, March 5.

Publication by installments of John Luke Gehman's autobio-
graphical sketch began in the January 22, 1953, issue of The Modern
Light, Columbus. Also the Light has continued regular publica-
tion of the historical column "Do You Remember When?"

John Watson's "See Kansas" series in the Wichita Evening Eagle
has continued to appear in recent months. Among the articles were:
"Man-Made Cement 'Garden of Eden [at Lucas]/ Startles Imagina-
tion With Life-Like Figure Displays," January 22, 1953; "St. Fidelis,
'Cathedral of the Plains [at Victoria]/ Stands as Monument to En-
during Faith of a Kansas People," February 5; "Two Quaint Dutch
Windmills in Kansas [Wamego and Smith Center] Monuments to
Pioneer Industry," February 12; " 'Home on the Range* Stands Near
Smith Center," February 26; and "Geographic Center of United
States Located Near Lebanon," March 12.

On January 26, 1953, the first weekly installment of the diary of
John S. Gilmore, Sr., was published in the Wilson County Citizen,
Fredonia. The diary begins in July, 1867, when the writer was 19
years old and working in a newspaper office in Burlington. Gilmore
established the Citizen in 1870.

The question of who was Marshall county's first settler, A. G.
Woodward or F. J. Marshall, was discussed in Marysville news-
papers in recent months. George Hamburg's talk before the Rotary
club of Marysville on the subject was printed in the Marshall County
News, Marysville, January 29, 1953. Letters were published in the
Marysville Advocate, from W. E. Stewart, Vermillion, March 5, and
from Otto J. Wullschleger, Frankfort, March 12.

Settlers began arriving in Jewell county in the early 1870's, ac-
cording to a history of the Jewell area written by Mrs. H. E. Hutch-
craft in 1927 and published in the Jewell County Republican, Jewell,
January 29, 1953. The town of Jewell was first Fort Jewell, the
fortifications having been built by a home guard organization, with
W. D. Street as captain, in 1870.

A brief article about the admission of Kansas into the Union, by
Ruby Basye, appeared in the Pratt Daily Tribune, January 29, 1953.

A history of the events preceding the erection in 1901 of the old
Lyon county courthouse, now being razed, was published in the



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 459

Emporia Gazette, February 4, 1953. It was prepared by the late
Harry E. Peach, then county clerk, and was found in the corner-
stone of the building.

The first of a series of articles on the history of Natoma, by
the Rev. George Lee, appeared in the Natoma Independent, Feb-
ruary 5, 1953. Natoma was established as a railroad town in 1888.

Two series of historical features have recently appeared in the
Cunningham Clipper. One is "Cunningham's Family Album," con-
sisting of pictures of early Cunningham and residents of the area.
The other is entitled "Echoes of the Past." One of the articles in
that group was on the tornado .which struck Cunningham in May,
1898, appearing in the issues of February 13, 20, 27, and March 6,
1953. The story of the celebration in 1888 of the coming of the
railroad to Cunningham was printed March 13.

Six eight-page sections made up the Kansas State College anni-
versary edition of the Manhattan Mercury -Chronicle, February 15,
1953. Established in 1863, Kansas State was the first land grant
college in the United States.

A column-length article on the cholera epidemic in the Ellsworth
area in 1867 was printed in the Junction City Union, February 17,
1953.

The Coffeyville Daily Journal published its second annual progress
edition February 22, 1953. The largest edition ever published in
Coffeyville, 140 pages, it was devoted to the history, building
progress, schools, churches, agriculture, and sports of the com-
munity. Also included was a biography of Walter Perry Johnson,
by many considered the greatest baseball pitcher, whose home was
in Coffeyville.

On February 23 the Winfield Daily Courier published its 1953
achievement edition. This year, which marks the 80th anniversary
of the incorporation of Winfield and the 80th year of the Courier,
148 pages of city and county history and progress were published.



Online LibraryKansas State Historical SocietyThe Kansas historical quarterly (Volume 20) → online text (page 53 of 76)