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papers, or if he does, he's blinded by the "negro."

His whole speech was but just such trumpery as the above, and every posi-
tion had about as much foundation. We don't wonder that Douglas rakes the
man "fore and aft," for he is "open" enough, and shows a good target between
"wind and water." To sum up the whole, we characterize his efforts as weak in
the extreme, and himself an imbecile old fogy of one idea; and that is nigger,
nigger, nigger.

As seen by the Republican Leavenworth Daily Times, December
5, 1859.

ENTHUSIASTIC RECEPTION OF HON. ABE LINCOLN. Saturday was a wintry
day. The sky was clear and a northern wind whistled over plain and street
alike. But warm hearts and willing hands laughed the wintry elements to
scorn. The coming of an honored man crowned with Nature's patent of
nobility touched the hearts of our people, and they paid him such loving
tribute as to make the day seem one of sunshine, joy and peace. No conqueror,
with trophies and hostages, circled by martial pomp, was he who came amongst
us, and yet no laureled chief with all the honors of bloody victories was ever
welcomed with more cordial cheer than honest Abe Lincoln by the Republicans
of Leavenworth.

It having been previously announced that Hon. Abram Lincoln, of Illinois,
was to visit Leavenworth at an early hour, preparations were made to give
him a reception befitting the man, and the cause of which he is such an able
and fearless champion. It was understood he would arrive on the outskirts
of the city at 12 o'clock, and that the reception would take place at the Mansion
House at 1 o'clock.

A large number of citizens in carriages, on horseback and on foot, accom-
panied by the band, all under the direction of Capt. Dickson, the Marshal of
the day, proceeded about a mile on the Government Lane, and there met our
city's honored guest, greeting him with a rousing round of cheers such as
Republicans only can give.



BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 533

The procession then turned and proceeded to the city in the following order:

1. Band.

2. Citizens on foot.

3. Carriages.

4. Horsemen.

Arriving at Turner's Hall the procession halted, and the large crowd then
gave our guest three times three, while "the Kickapoo" [a cannon] was uttering
a loud-mouthed welcome in thunder tones.

The procession then moved on through Delaware street, up Main, and
Shawnee to the Mansion House. There the crowd was so dense that it was
difficult for the carriages to get through. Mr. Lincoln was received on the
balcony of the Mansion by Col. J. C. Vaughan, who welcomed him in behalf
of the Republicans of Leavenworth in a brief but appropriate speech.

Mr. Lincoln was called for with loud cheers and made a few remarks, allud-
ing briefly to political matters, giving a short sketch of the progress of the
Republican party; of the trials of the Free State men in making this beautiful
country the home of the free. He said their battles would never have to be
fought over again. ( Loud cries of "that's so," and "no! no!" ) and after return-
ing his sincere thanks for so flattering a reception, and remarking that he should
address them in the evening, he retired amid the cheers of the crowd.

Long before the time appointed for the speech, the Hall was filled to over-
flowing. Many ladies were present. Mr. Lincoln was introduced to the audi-
ence by Col. Delahay, amid enthusiastic cheering. He spoke for about an
hour and a half, and every few minutes was interrupted by the applause given.
We have not room to give even an outline of his speech. He showed up popular
sovereignty in its true light; showed conclusively that the Democratic party
of to-day was not the Democratic party of a few years ago; that the Democratic
party was not a conservative party; that the Republican party was the only
party in the Union that attempted to carry out the principles of Washington,
Madison, Jefferson, and the founders of this Government.

After he concluded, many were eager to take by the hand one of whom they
had heard so much.

Of the many receptions that Mr. Lincoln has received, we venture to assert
that he never had a warmer one than that extended to him by the Republicans
of Leavenworth on Saturday last.

MR. LINCOLN'S SPEECH. We desire to dwell briefly upon the speech made
by Mr. Lincoln, and, as our brother methodists so often say, to make an ex-
hortation after it.

The first characteristic of Mr. Lincoln is truthfulness.

He has no clap trap in or about him. He is simple and downright. No
matter how he deals with parties, or the measures of parties, he deals with
them plainly and justly. No speaker, in our belief, is freer from prejudice, or
those passions which cloud intellect or narrow it. He sees what he believes
to be truth and he presents it as he sees it. Men of heart and of truth, conse-
quently, consider what he urges, whether they agree with him or not.

The second characteristic of Mr. Lincoln is common sense.

Oratory is an art. The mellow voice falls sweetly on the ear, and the
rounded period dies away as a musical note. Yet there may be often there
is no grit, no marrow, no food for reflection or thought on the part of those



534 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

thus gifted. It is all manner passionate, persuasive, vehement but it is the
passion, the persuasion, the vehemence, generally of shallow feeling or animal
impulse, and nothing more. Mr. Lincoln, on the contrary, taking a broad com-
mon sense view of principles and measures, presents and argues them with a
broad common sense strength. He is clear and solid. His clearness and solid-
ity, too, are felt, must be felt by bitterest opponents, save those among them
who live upon the stimulus of party, or who seek to lead party.

Mr. Lincoln, consequently, is true to principle without being ultra.

He plays no part, and he would have no political organization play a part,
in State or national affairs. There is the Constitution of the Union. He stands
by it and will do so while he lives. There is its great principle of freedom.
He will compromise that for no triumph yield it up for no defeat. Either the
slaveholder has the right under the Constitution to bring his human chattels
into the Territories of the Union, or he has not. If he has, we must submit.
If he has not, we must restrain him. Hence he repudiates Squatter Sovereignty,
and all and every clap trap which conceals or seeks to conceal the true issue,
and he does it, too, with a force of logic which cannot be successfully resisted
with a power of reasoning which no mind or party can overthrow.

But better yet, Mr. Lincoln is full of hope and of faith.

The impatient sink down after defeat, and the impulsive grow weary after
victory. He avoids both errors, and the people must avoid them, if they
would defend their own rights or secure their own progress. It is the iron
will it is the steady and oft repeated blow it is the energy which never flags
after victory or pales before defeat which conquers. All history establishes
this truth. All human experience proves it. Looking, then, to the progress of
the cause of constitutional liberty, in the near past, and to the certainty of its
success in the near future, Mr. Lincoln earnestly advocates the use of those
means essential to win it. What is worth having, is worth working for. Let
us be hopeful and active let us have faith, and never tire whether defeat or
victory crown our efforts.

Mr. Lincoln's visit will do good to the Territory. No man can speak as he
speaks or work as he works, without sowing seed which will bear rich fruits.

From the Daily Times of December 6, 1859.

SECOND SPEECH OF HON. ABE LINCOLN. Pursuant to notice, Hon. Abe
Lincoln addressed the citizens of Leavenworth, yesterday, at Stockton's Hall.
The day was fearfully unpleasant, but the Hall was filled to overflowing even
ladies being present.

Mr. Lincoln opened by reviewing the Territorial policy of our Government
at the start, proving conclusively that it was in favor of liberty and was ever so
exerted except in some of the Southern States where slavery existed by munici-
pal law or was made a distinctive feature of the articles of cession. But where
these causes were not there was freedom proclaimed.

The Fathers did not seek to interfere with slavery where it existed but to
prevent its extension. This was the policy of the Republican party of to-day.

The divisions of sentiment in the Democratic party in regard to slavery
were flimsy and immaterial. The most advanced element could boast of no
higher sentiment than an indifference to the peculiar institution. No part of
the Democracy ever declared slavery wrong in itself; and they reached a sub-
lime height when they said they didn't care whether it was voted up or voted
down.



BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 535

This indifference was all the slave-power could ask. It was a virtual recog-
nition of the right of slavery to universal extension.

If a house was on fire there could be but two parties. One in favor of
putting out the fire. Another in favor of the house burning. But these popular
sovereignty fellows would stand aloof and argue against interfering. The
house must take care of itself subject only to the constitution and the condi-
tions of fire and wood.

The speaker alluded, with much force and wit, to the great line ( which we
are assured by Senator Douglas was ordained of God) on one side of which
slave-labor alone could be employed on the other free-labor. Thought the
Missouri River might be the line referred to. If the line was ordained of God
it ought to be plain and palpable, but he had never been able to put his finger
upon it.

The attempt to identify the Republican party with the John Brown business
was an electioneering dodge. Was glad to know that the Democracy under-
rated the good sense of the people as the great Republican victories in New
York, New Jersey, Minnesota and Iowa where the argument was brought out
with extraordinary emphasis clearly demonstrated. In Brown's hatred of
slavery the speaker sympathized with him. But Brown's insurrectionary at-
tempt he emphatically denounced. He believed the old man insane, and had
yet to find the first Republican who endorsed the proposed insurrection. If
there was one he would advise him to step out of the ranks and correct his
politics. But slavery was responsible for their uprisings. They were fostered
by the institution. In 1830-31, the slaves themselves arose and killed fifty-
eight whites in a single night. These servile upheavings must be continually
occurring where slavery exists.

The democracy was constituted of two great elements. First. The original
and unadulterated Democrats. Second. The Old line and eminently con-
servative Whigs. This incongruous party was ever charging the Republicans
with favoring negro suffrage, sustaining this charge by instancing the two
Republican States of Massachusetts and New Hampshire where negroes are
allowed to vote. But it so happens that the law conferring this franchise was
enacted by the Old Whigs in Massachusetts and the Democrats in New
Hampshire. Kansas was the only State where the Republicans had the framing
of the organic law and here they confined the elective franchise to the white
man alone.

Mr. Lincoln said that, in political arguments, the Democracy turned up
their noses at "amalgamation." But while there were only one hundred and
seventy-nine mulattoes in the Republican State of New Hampshire, there were
seventy-nine thousand in the good old Democratic State of Virginia and the
only notable instance of amalgamation that occurred to him was in the case of
a Democratic Vice President.

Mr. Lincoln wanted the races kept distinct. Because he did not wish to
hold a negro woman as a slave it did not follow that he wanted her for a wife.
Such flimsy diatribes were perpetrated by the Democracy to divert the public
mind from the real issue the extension or the non-extension of slavery its
localization or nationalization.

Mr. Lincoln closed by a clear and forcible definition of the aims and the
principles of the Republican party. He showed how they harmonized with
the teachings of those by whom the Government was founded and how their



536 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

predominance was essential to the proper development of our country its
progress and its glory to the salvation of the Union and the perpetuity of
Free Institutions.

We have given but the merest outline of Mr. Lincoln's speech, which we
count among his ablest and happiest efforts. He sought to make no display,
but gave home-bred truths in a home-bred style that touched the hearts of his
hearers and went home to all. The noble sentiments he uttered and the force
of his logic carried conviction with them and aroused an earnest enthusiasm.
At the close of his speech he was greeted with a cordial round of cheers which
made the old hall ring.



REMEMBER THE DAY

From the Olathe Mirror, July 11, 1863.

Kansas city is a large town, but it can't support a theater. Takes Leaven-
worth to do that.



BUFFALO HUNTING ALONG THE SANTA FE RAILROAD IN 1874

From the Newton Kansan, October 29, 1874.

Immense herds of buffalo are now coming into the Arkansas valley along the
line of the A. T. & S. F. Road; they are moving north along the line of the rail-
road from Kinsley to some miles west of Dodge City. This will prove of im-
mense benefit to the settlers along the line as it will give them profitable em-
ployment as well as furnish them with excellent meat at a cheap rate. This
will also afford another opportunity for amateur sportsmen to have an exciting
hunt. The trains on the Santa Fe Road were stopped four times in one day to
let the buffalo pass. One passenger shot three from a car window.



THE DEATH OF A COLBY LITERARY SOCIETY
From the Thomas County Cat, Colby, February 18, 1886.
THE TRIAL CLUB GONE. After much trial and great tribulation the "Colby
Trial Club," alias, the Colby literary society, has followed the way of all good
things, and gone up. It departed this life on Friday eve. Feb. 12th, amidst
the deep and cheerful silence of many friends and neighbors. The solemn still-
ness of its closing hours was only broken by the dulcet tones of acting ex-Presi-
dent Willcoxon as he occasionally arose to pitch into something said by acting
ex-Secretary Hall. Only these two unregenerates out of that vast congregation
of mourners, were not awed and shut up by the agony of the dying struggle.
As usual in cases of demise in this region, it died for want of breath. It was a
sad and solemn time. All was quiet. Anon the gentle soothing voice of Bro.
Bullers, rising to object, would steal in upon the deathly stillness and then died
away like a hot biscuit in the hands of the hired man. Only once it rallied a
little, when Bro. Sager arose and set his teeth into the language of sixty millions
of people and scattered the ripped out, gory and bleeding fragments over the
surrounding gloom.



BYPATHS OF KANSAS HISTORY 53?

Though dead, there is still hope, for the spring time is coming, by jerks,
Gentle Annie, and bye and bye, when the roses bloom again, the now tired and
anxious friends of this dead "gone before," may be able to pull the little-old-
dried-up society out of the hole it has been put into, and breath into it a new
lease of existence. The writer of this, was made a special "committee of one,"
to "rustle" for the society and report. We have rustled, and this is our report.

The thing is dead. Over the cause of its premature departure, we draw the
kind mantle of silence, and speak in hushed and reverent tones of postponement,
no coal, no janitor, a non est programme and repudiation. The Colby Trial
Club is like bread cast upon the waters, but we have got a string to it, and may
be able to pull it in again sometime. The last society editor is hereby notified
that he can come in out of the woods, as the danger is over. Dear friends, fare-
well. In the name of the Colby Trial Club good bye.

Be virtuous and you will be happy, but you will be lonesome sometimes.
Think of this lesson of tribulation, and govern yourselves accordingly. We will
not murmur about this dispensation of providence, but in the spring try and "get
there" again. We may not get there, but we will try. It will not do to gamble
on. In the spring will be time enough to gambol. In the spring, when the rail-
roads, the street cars and the water works come, we will buy us a new plug hat.
If the weather is severe, we will have two of them. Kind friends, farewell.
We are done. We have spoken. We have no more to say. Sic semper domino.
Plumbago erysipelas in hock eureka sciatica usufruct limburger go braugh.
Pull down the window shades. So mote it be.

BY ORDER OF COMMITTEE.



Kansas History as Published in the Press

Articles in the Bulletin of the Shawnee County Historical Society,
March, 1953, were: "Fire! Fire! Fire!," an account of the burning
of the Crawford Opera House; "Local History in the Making," by
Earl Ives; "The Valentine House and the People Who Lived There,"
by Lois Johnson Cone; "Topeka Once Had Operas," by Euphemia
Page; "Nautilus [Club] Memories," by Margaret Sawyer Lovewell;
and "Burnett's Mound," by R. C. Obrecht.

Brief historical notes on Lyndon appeared in The Peoples Herald,
Lyndon, March 26, 1953. The Lyndon Town Company was organ-
ized March 7, 1870, and on May 1, 1871, Lyndon became a city of
the third class.

The Cunningham Clippers feature, "Echoes of the Past," has
continued to appear regularly in recent issues. From March 20 to
May 1, 1953, a "diary" of Cunningham, July 1, 1888, through July,
1889, was published. On May 8, 15, 22 and 28, a short story, "The
Indians Are Coming," based on an incident in the pioneer life of
Kingman county, appeared. Another Clipper feature, "Cunning-
ham's Family Album," a series of historical pictures, also has been
published regularly the past several months.

Articles in recent issues of the Pittsburg Sun and Headlight
included: a history of the Farlington town hall, built in 1873, by
Harold O. Taylor, Sun, March 22, 1953, and Headlight, March 23;
"Lecompte's Old Town," Headlight, March 27, and Sun, March 28;
and a short history of Pittsburg, Headlight, May 20, and Sun,
May 21.

A biographical sketch of Vincent B. Osborne, for whom Osborne
county was named, was published in the Ellsworth Reporter,
March 26, 1953. Born in Massachusetts, Osborne served with
Kansas units during the Civil War and later settled at Ellsworth.

Recent articles in the Hutchinson News-Herald included: a his-
tory of the Hutchinson fire department, organized 63 years ago, by
Jim Skinner, March 29, 1953, and a short history of Windthorst,
now celebrating its 75th anniversary, April 23. Another article on
Windthorst appeared in the Dodge City Daily Globe, April 23.

Articles in recent issues of the Kansas City (Mo.) Star included:
"Faith of God-Fearing Pioneers Brings Blessings to Lindsborg,"
by Howard Turtle, March 29, 1953; and "Ft. Riley History in

(538)



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 539

Pageantry for Centennial Celebration/' by John Alexander, May 31.
An article in the Kansas City (Mo.) Times, entitled "Stories of
Adventure in Early West Had Beginnings on Missouri's Frontier/'
a review of the diary of Osborne Russell who in 1834 traveled from
Independence, Mo., to the Rocky Mountains, by Robert G. Reason,
was published April 28.

Two articles in the Emporia Daily Gazette recently were the
story of the Reeble food stores in Emporia, April 1, 1953, and a
history of Emporia's hotels, June 8. The Reeble grocery business
began 70 years ago when Rudolph Reeble opened the first store.
The Emporia House, first hotel in Emporia, opened for business in
April, 1857.

Titles of articles included recently in John Watson's "See Kansas"
series in the Wichita Evening Eagle are: "Lindsborg's 'Messiah' in
72nd Year," April 2; "Lucas, Kansas, Couple's [Mr. & Mrs. Roy E.
Miller] Free Rock Museum Plays Host to 5,000 Annually," April 9;
"[Indian] Massacres Once Terrorized Lincoln County," April 16;
"West Kansas Store [Robidoux Store at Wallace] Carves Niche in
History," April 30; "Pueblo Indians Lived in State," May 14; "Colby,
Kansas, Woman [Mrs. Joe Kuska] Owns Unique Collection of
20,000 Items," May 21; "Kansas Often Described as Flat, Holds
Canyons, Ruttes, Rad Lands, Rock Cities," May 28; "Historic Old
Fort Wallace Once Guarded Western Trails," June 4; "Only Sod
House in State Stands at Morland," June 11; and "Cimarron Crossing
Once Point of Decision for Travelers Goading Oxen on Road From
Westport to Ancient Santa Fe," June 18.

A historical sketch of the 19th Kansas cavalry, by Lot Ravenscraft,
was published in the Minneola Record, April 16 and 23, 1953. The
unit, commanded by Samuel J. Crawford, was recruited in the
autumn of 1868 for a campaign against the Indians who had been
attacking settlers and travelers.

Recent stories by Margaret Whittemore in the Topeka Daily
Capital were: "Erosion Made Natural Bridge in Barber Co.,"
April 19, 1953; "Coronado Heights Honors Spanish Explorers,"
May 3; "Post Office Oak [Council Grove] Helped Make Pioneer
History," May 17; and " 'Beecher's Bibles' and Wabaunsee Church,"
May 31.

Publication by installments of the history of Harmony Ridge
school, District 104, Butler county, by Zella Lamb Wolff, began in



540 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

the Butler Free-Lance, El Dorado, April 23, 1953. The district
was organized in August, 1873.

Judge A. J. Myers of Lane county recalled the history of Ravanna,
"dead" Finney county town, in a column-length article in the
Dighton Herald, April 29, 1953. Myers came to the Ravanna area
in 1880.

Two letters of historical interest appeared recently in the Ellin-
wood Leader: one, by Mrs. Annie Scheufler, printed April 30, 1953,
reviewed life in Ellinwood around 1875; the other, by Mrs. Anna
Ernsting, appeared May 14. Mrs. Ernsting's family, the Christoph
Bock's, came to Ellinwood in the middle 1870's. Also on May 14
the Leader printed notes from the record book of Silas N. West,
early Ellinwood coffin maker and notary public.

The early Garden City schools were discussed briefly by Marilyn
Hatfield in the Garden City Daily Telegram, April 30, 1953. Sam
Krotzer was the first teacher, holding classes in the John Stevens
home in 1879 for 15 pupils.

Based on his visits to Concordia, Lebanon, Smith Center, Oberlin,
Dighton, and Great Bend, Clyde Hostetter comes to the conclusion
in an article, "Would Your Town Stop Anybody?" in Pathfinder
magazine, Philadelphia, May, 1953, that something to be proud of
in the way of history and progress can be found in almost every
town. Hostetter thinks that small-town residents are far too modest
about their communities.

Some of the history of Elkhart appeared in the Elkhart Tri-State
News, May 1, 1953. Elkhart recently observed its 40th anniversary,
having been established in April, 1913.

Several church histories have appeared in the past few months
in the Hays Daily News. An article on the Hays Baptist church,
established in 1883, was printed May 3, 1953. The history of the
Presbyterian church of Hays, founded in 1873, appeared May 21.
The Congregational church of Ellis, now observing its 80th anni-
versary, was featured May 24. Biographical sketches of two of
Hays' prominent early businessmen, Andrew S. Hall and Morgan G.
Huntington, were published in the News, June 7.

The Wellington Daily News, May 6, 1953, published a history of
Wellington by May Myers Garland. In 1871 Mrs. Garland's father,
L. K. Myers, joined with others in founding Wellington. It was
incorporated in November, 1872.



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS . 541

A history of the early Grinnell grade schools appeared in the
Grinnell Record-Leader, May 14, 1953. The first school in Grinnell
apparently began in the fall of 1885, with Narra Jones as teacher.
The first schoolhouse was erected that same autumn.

Anthony's 75th anniversary was celebrated May 27 and 28, 1953,
with a Diamond Jubilee program designed to revive the pioneer,
spirit. The townsite of Anthony was selected April 6, 1878, by the
town company. Anthony was incorporated in 1879. The Anthony
Republican published a special 42-page edition, May 21, 1953, in
which articles on the history of Anthony and Harper county ap-
peared.

Some of the history of the First Presbyterian church of Dodge
City was printed by the Dodge City Daily Globe, May 23, 1953.
The church was formally organized as a Presbyterian church on
May 26, 1878, but had been in existence on a non-denominational
basis for some time before that. The leader in the organization



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