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addition. The walls were of cottonwood logs and the floors,



THE ANNUAL MEETING 97

doors, and windows of walnut sawed on the spot. The logs were
squared and mortised. They came from trees growing along the
river bank. The laths for the plastered portion were slender
willow branches. The plaster was river sand combined with lime
obtained by burning clam shells and the plaster was reinforced with
buffalo hair. Plaster sections have been preserved and are framed
under glass in the restored house.

And on this house we again learned about the cost of restoration.
We discovered termites no respecter of historical structures and
that it took time and money to hew out cottonwood logs and
rough-saw walnut flooring.

Before the Munger house had been completed the Wichita
school board purchased a residential property in order to enlarge
a school ground and acquired a staunch and much battered building
which had been Wichita's first jail. The school board couldn't
give it away, but they did sell it to us for a dollar and we moved
it to a site close to the Munger house.

This first Wichita jail is generally referred to as Wyatt Earp's
jail because it was used when Earp was employed on the city's
police force. It was used to confine many notorious criminals, and
not a few of them cut their initials in the walls of the timbered cells.
A few did better. They cut their way out. These old exit holes
show to this day. They indicate the escaping prisoners had outside
help, by some friend with a brace-and-bit. While it served its
purpose during the early days it certainly was not an escape-proof
jail. Early city records indicate that the building was the first
constructed by the newly-formed Wichita city government; that
the contractor had difficulty in constructing it to suit the city
fathers and that the city government had trouble in financing the
venture. City records show that its cost was $800. Yes, in Cow-
town Wichita it cost more to erect a jail than a church. Today it
is different. It cost us much more to restore the church than the
jail.

In replacing damaged timbers in the walls of the frame building
we again found trouble. We searched lumber yards for weeks for
timbers of the dimensions used in the jail building. We were
about convinced that we would be forced to have them sawed to
order when our builder found that the wood used in crating cast-
iron pipe for the water company was identical with that used in
the original construction of the jail. Yes, we added to our knowledge
in the restoration of the jail.

72200



98 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

We started out to restore one building and we had completed
four. And we had plenty of room for more. It was at this time
that the idea came for a cowtown village. We then located a
building which fitted the exact description of Wichita's first post
office. And one of our directors was confident the Santa Fe rail-
way might be induced to restore the first Wichita railway station.
We decided to go ahead and restore from 20 to 30 buildings which
were a part of Wichita during the cowtown period of the com-
munity, from 1870 to 1880.

I would like to say that everything went smoothly, but that would
not be correct. We had overcome many difficulties with the first
four structures. Before the fourth building was completed we
encountered the problem of vandalism. Youths threw rocks through
windows. They broke open doors. They destroyed paint and stole
tools.

For more than a year all restoration work was stopped while we
centered our efforts on building a caretaker's house. By that time
the city commission recognized the value of the work we were
doing and came to our assistance with a salary for a caretaker and
funds to help complete his home.

Then there was the problem of rest rooms and sewerage con-
nection for the caretaker's house. Our land was directly over a
water supply area for the city and we could not use a septic tank.
Again the city came to our assistance with additional help.

We found that many people would give money to restore historic
buildings but few would subscribe to a sewer connection or pay
for protection of buildings.

We encountered a period when an economy-minded city com-
mission could not appreciate the value of our work and it took
most of our funds to pay the caretaker.

But our board was either stubborn or determined. We even
had one of our newly restored buildings, a drug store, destroyed
in a windstorm. Fortunately we had the building insured, so
there was enough money to start rebuilding.

If I attempted to recount all of our difficulties it would take hours.
And they might not be as tragic to this group as to ourselves.

Today in addition to the church, parsonage, jail, and Munger
house we have a fire station, post office, barber shop, the city's
first schoolhouse, railway depot, lumberyard, and stockyards. We
have a section of early-day railway track, a railway hand work car,
and a box car. We have under construction a blacksmith shop and
newspaper building. And we are working on plans for a cowtown



THE ANNUAL MEETING 99

general store, a saddle shop, a photograph gallery, a livery stable,
an opera house, and a famous landmark which in the early days
was located at Main street and Douglas, the famous Keno corner,
a saloon downstairs, and a gambling hall upstairs.

Today we are working under pressure. We want to have a
complete pioneer town ready by 1961 when the state starts its
centennial celebration. To do this we must have a safe parking
area, a cowtown eating place, and a fence around the area. That
is why we are making plans for a supreme effort in 1960 to raise
funds and restore buildings.

One of our problems has been the publicity we received. In a
way it was good. It helped in our drives for funds but it brought
visitors. But the visitors were not content just to look at the ex-
teriors of our buildings. And you cannot show buildings without
guides and guides must eat. This was one of our major problems
two years ago. It was a serious one, for many Wichitans were
proud of our efforts and wanted to show the restored buildings to
their friends.

On learning of our latest dilemma in 1958 the Girl Scouts of
Wichita volunteered to help. They offered to set up a guide service.
Our board met with officials of the Wichita Girl Scout Council.
General plans were outlined and a program of showing the build-
ings evolved. Of course the most desirable plan would have been
to have guide service available 12 hours a day, seven days a week
the year round. Our directors realized this was impossible so
we arranged to have the tours conducted three hours a day, six days
a week during the summer vacation and open on Sundays for three
hours during September and October. The plan had its drawbacks
as many visitors wanted to inspect the buildings at hours when the
scouts were not available. However, it was the best plan we could
devise at the time. And I would say it was successful since during
the summer of 1958 more than 30,000 persons signed our guest
registers. The visitors were from 46 states and 11 foreign countries.

The Girl Scouts volunteered to help us again this year. And I
would say that they were even more successful. We hope they
will be inclined to help us in 1960; the year we expect to be a record
one for our project. We hope to have from 10 to 20 new buildings
erected, and adequate parking area paved and the area fenced. It
is an ambitious program but we have great hopes of its success,
since we believe the community is pleased with our modest success
to date and would like to be in the foreground in the 1961 centen-
nial celebration.



100 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

I'll admit that it is difficult for me to stop talking about matters in
which I am deeply interested, and especially about matters of Kan-
sas history, but I know my time is up. We feel that we are doing
a great work in restoring Wichita's Cowtown and I am confident
that we have been inspired to a great measure by the long and
continued efforts of the Kansas State Historical Society. Therefore,
I cannot close without paying tribute to Nyle Miller, his splendid
staff, and the directors of the Kansas State Historical Society.

At the close of retiring President Long's address, a small plaque
was presented to him by the newly-elected president, E. R. Sloan, in
recognition of his service to the Society.

Folklorist William E. Koch, a member of the English depart-
ment of Kansas State University, Manhattan, entertained with a
group of folk songs of the frontier, providing his own guitar ac-
companiment.

Fred W. Brinkerhoff, former president of the Kansas State His-
torical Society, member of the board of directors of the Centennial
commission and director of the re-enactment of Lincoln's tour of
Kansas, spoke on "Lincoln in Kansas: The Centennial of His Visit."

The report of the committee on nominations for directors was
called for and read by Will T. Beck:

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON NOMINATIONS FOR DIRECTORS

October 16, 1959.
To the Kansas State Historical Society:

Your committee on nominations submits the following report and recom-
mendations for directors of the Society for the term of three years ending
in October, 1962:

Aitchison, R. T., Wichita. Landon, Alf. M., Topeka.

Anderson, George L., Lawrence. Lilleston, W. F., Wichita.

Anthony, D. R., Leavenworth. Lose, Harry F., Topeka.

Baugher, Charles A., Ellis. Malin, James C., Lawrence.

Beck, Will T., Holton. Mayhew, Mrs. Patricia Solander,

Bray, Mrs. Easton C., Syracuse. Wichita.

Chambers, Lloyd, Clearwater. Menninger, Karl, Topeka.

Chandler, C. J., Wichita. Moore, Russell, Wichita.

Clymer, Rolla, El Dorado. Ranlcin, Charles C., Lawrence.

Cochran, Elizabeth, Pittsburg. Raynesford, H. C., Ellis.

Cotton, Corlett J., Lawrence. Reed, Clyde M., Jr., Parsons.

Dawson, John S., Topeka. Rodkey, Clyde K., Manhattan.

Eckdall, Frank F., Emporia. Shaw, Joseph C., Topeka.

Euwer, Elmer E., Goodland. Stewart, Donald, Independence.

Farley, Alan W., Kansas City. Thomas, E. A., Wichita.

Card, Spencer A., lola. von der Heiden, Mrs. W. H., Newton.

Knapp, Dallas W., CofFeyville. Walker, Mrs. Ida M., Norton.

Respectfully submitted,

WILL T. BECK, Chairman, T. M. LILLARD,

CHARLES M. CORRELL, FRANK HAUCKE.



THE ANNUAL MEETING 101

Motion for the acceptance of the report was made by Alf. M.
Landon, seconded by Wilford Riegle. The report was adopted and
directors for the term ending in October, 1962, were elected.

Reports of local societies were called for and given as follows:
Harry E. Hanson for the Wyandotte County Historical Society;
Mrs. Robert F. Withers for the Shawnee Mission Indian Historical
Society; and Mrs. Sam Cravens for the Clark County Historical So-
ciety. Mention was made by the secretary of the activities of the
societies in Lyon, Lane, Ottawa, and Crawford counties; also of the
publications issued by the Clark and Riley county societies. At-
tention was directed to the annual meeting of the Shawnee county
society on December 4 which will feature early Topeka businesses.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned.
Members and guests were invited to attend an open house at the
Memorial building where special displays had been arranged.
Refreshments were served in the museum.



102



KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY



Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society as of

October, 1959

DIRECTORS FOR THE YEAR ENDING OCTOBER, 1960



r, Roy F., Salina.

nan, Robert W., Liberal.

r, George F., Girard.
Beougher, Edward M., Grinnell.
Bowlus, Thomas H., lola.
Brinkerhoff, Fred A., Pittsburg.
Cron, F. H., El Dorado.
Docking, George, Lawrence.
Ebright, Homer K., Baldwin.
Farrell, F. D., Manhattan.
Hamilton, R. L., Beloit.
Harper, Mrs. Jesse C., Ashland.
Harvey, Mrs. A. M., Topeka.
Haucke, Frank, Council Grove.
Hodges. Frank, Olathe.
Lingenfelser, Angelus, Atchison.
Long, Richard M., Wichita.



McArthur, Mrs. Vernon E.,

Hutchinson.

McCain, James A., Manhattan.
McFarland, Helen M., Topeka.
McGrew, Mrs. Wm. E., Kansas City.
Malone, James, Gem.
Mechem, Kirke, Lindsborg.
Mueller, Harrie S., Wichita.
Murphy, Franklin D., Lawrence.
Ripley, John, Topeka.
Rogler, Wayne, Matfield Green.
Ruppenthal, J. C., Russell.
Simons, Dolph, Lawrence.
Slagg, Mrs. C. M., Manhattan.
Templar, George, Arkansas City.
Townsley, Will, Great Bend.
Woodring, Harry H., Topeka.



DIRECTORS FOR THE YEAR ENDING OCTOBER, 1961



Barr, Frank, Wichita.
Berryman, Jerome C., Ashland.
Charlson, Sam C., Manhattan.
Correll, Charles M., Manhattan.
Davis, W. W., Lawrence.
Denious, Jess C., Jr., Dodge City.
Hall, Standish, Wichita.
Hegler, Ben F., Wichita.
Humphrey, Arthur S., Junction City.
Jones, Horace, Lyons.
Kampschroeder, Mrs. Jean Morris,

Garden City.

Kaul, Robert H., Wamego.
Lauterbach, August W., Colby.
Lillard, T. M., Topeka.
Lindquist, Emory K., Wichita.
Maranville, Lea, Ness City.



Means, Hugh, Lawrence.
Montgomery, John D., Junction City.
Owen, Mrs. E. M., Lawrence.
Payne, Mrs. L. F., Manhattan.
Richards, Walter M., Emporia.
Riegle, Wilford, Emporia.
Robbins, Richard W., Pratt.
Roberts, Larry W., Wichita.
Scott, Angelo, lola.
Sloan, E. R., Topeka.
Smelser, Mary M., Lawrence.
Socolofsky, Homer E., Manhattan.
Stewart, Mrs. James G., Topeka.
Taylor, James E., Sharon Springs.
Van De Mark, M. V. B., Concordia.
Wark, George H., Caney.
Williams, Charles A., Bentley.



DIRECTORS FOR THE YEAR ENDING OCTOBER, 1962



Aitchison, R. T., Wichita.
Anderson, George L., Lawrence.
Anthony, D. R., Leavenworth.
Baugher, Charles A., Ellis.
Beck, Will T., Holton.
Bray, Mrs. Easton C., Syracuse.
Chambers, Lloyd, Clearwater.
Chandler, C. J., Wichita.
Clymer, Rolla, El Dorado.
Cochran, Elizabeth, Pittsburg.
Cotton, Corlett J., Lawrence.
Dawson, John S., Topeka.
Eckdall, Frank F., Emporia.
Euwer, Elmer E., Goodland.
Farley, Alan W., Kansas City.
Card, Spencer A., lola.
Knapp, Dallas W., Coffeyville.



Landon, Ah*. M., Topeka.
Lilleston, W. F., Wichita.
Lose, Harry F., Topeka.
Malin, James C., Lawrence.
Mayhew, Mrs. Patricia Solander,

Wichita.

Menninger, Karl, Topeka.
Moore, Russell, Wichita.
Rankin, Charles C., Lawrence.
Raynesford, H. C., Ellis.
Reed, Clyde M., Jr., Parsons.
Rodkey, Clyde K., Manhattan.
Shaw, Joseph C., Topeka.
Stewart, Donald, Independence.
Thomas, E. A., Wichita,
von der Heiden, Mrs. W. H., Newton.
Walker, Mrs. Ida M., Norton.



Bypaths of Kansas History

A HORSE OF A DIFFERENT COLOR

From a report of a "special correspondent" at Fort Harker, dated
July 8, 1867, in the Leavenworth Daily Conservative, July 10, 1867.

The other day, while Gen. Sherman was on his way up to Harker, and
while the train was stopping at Manhattan, Lieut. Governor Green called upon
him, and with other gentlemen, urged the propriety of the U. S. government
furnishing the Kansas volunteers with horses to ride. "Why," said the great
chief, "all that is necessary in Kansas is, for a man to take a bridle in one
hand and a little salt in the other, start out, and he will get a horse most any-
where. At least I have been led to believe so."

Someone in the party of listeners gathered around, very quietly remarked:

"That might have done very well in Georgia, General, but it won't work in
this country. We hang men here for doing that thing."

The General smiled, but said nothing.



WETTING DOWN THE ROUGHER ELEMENT

From the Newton Kansan, May 15, 1873.

J. B. Dickey came in from Sargent [now Coolidge] last Saturday and re-
turned Monday. He says the way they punish a man out there if he doesn't
behave himself, is to first place him under the water tank spout and give him
a wetting, and if he then persists in his meanness they hang him up a telegraph
pole. He represents the morals as good.



CERTIFICATE FOR "NIGHT HERDING"

From the Washington Republican, February 27, 1874.

A certificate for "night herding" is what they call marriage licenses way-
down in Southern Kansas. This idea is supposed to have originated with
Bent. Murdock, of the [El Dorado] Walnut Valley Times. He went to "herd-
ing" recently.



KEEPING THE PEACE AT CHERRYVALE
From The Commonwealth, Topeka, May 16, 1875.

They do not allow any protracted disturbances at dances in Chenyvale.
Mr. Hollifield lately invaded a scene of revelry by night in that place, and
went to shooting off his light fantastic mouth, when he was promptly knocked
down by a skillet in the hands of a floor manager.

(103)



Kansas History as Published in the Press

Among the articles in the Bulletin of the Shawnee County His-
torical Society, Topeka, July, 1959, were: "Marco Morrow, 1869-
1959," by Charles E. Sweet; "An Inviolable Secret," the story of the
Mission Township Mutual Protective Association, by Mary Davis
Sander; another installment of George Root's "Chronology of Shaw-
nee County"; "The Sod House," by I. D. Graham; part 2 of "Early
Elections in Shawnee County," by Russell K. Hickman; and "Jake-
town," historical notes on the now-vanished Wabaunsee county
hamlet. Articles in the December, 1959, number included: "That
Tribe [Cigar-Store] Indians," by Eileen Charbo; "Fuss and
Feathers," millinery and dressmaking in Topeka, by Margaret
Morns Holman; "The Early Grocery Store," by the late Gertrude
E. Robertson Burlingame; "Early Day Photography," by Nancy
Veale Galloway; "Topeka's Sweet Tooth," by Grace Gaines Men-
ninger; "Gleanings From the George A. Root Collection of Notes
on Topeka Hotels," arranged by Lena Baxter Schenck; "The Lesser
Smiths, the Great Smith and the Stafford [Automobiles]," compiled
by John W. Ripley; "Some Early Architects in Topeka," by Lillian
Stone Johnson; and "Sweets and Sours," a history of the sugar,
sorghum, cider, and cheese industries in Shawnee county, by Mary
Davis Sander.

The series of illustrated historical articles on the communities
of Wabaunsee county continues to appear regularly in the Signal-
Enterprise, Alma. Towns covered in recent months included:
McFarland, Paxico, Alta Vista, and Harveyville.

A 70-page centennial edition was published by the Kansas City
Kansan, August 2, 1959, featuring articles on Kansas City and
Wyandotte county history.

Early development of the oil industry in Kansas was featured
in the August, 1959, issue of Kansas Oil Marketer, Wichita, publi-
cation of the Kansas Oil Men's Association.

A history of the Wesley Chapel Methodist church, near Colby,
appeared in the Colby Free Press-Tribune, August 13, 1959.

Articles included in Heinie Schmidt's column, "It's Worth Re-
peating," in the High Plains Journal, Dodge City, during recent
months were: "Pioneer [Clayton Hall, Sr.] Tells of Rapid Growth
in Town of Appleton," August 13, 20, 1959; "Town of Chantilly

(104)



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 105

Phantom City in Kearny County," by Francis L. Pierce, August 27,
September 3, 10; "Badmen of the West/' by A. J. Myers, September
17; "Smoky Pool Empire," by Myers, September 24; "Trail Blazers
of South Side in Kearny County," by Mrs. Florence Stoneman
Stallard, October 1; "Dr. T. L. McCarty Identified as Ford Pio-
neer," October 8; "Lakin's First School," by Mrs. Lenora Boylan
Tate, October 15; "Murders, Mysteries Played Part in Kearny's
History," by Mrs. Bessie Stutzman McClurkin, October 22; a bio-
graphical sketch of a pioneer nurse, Sister Mary Winifred, No-
vember 5; "West's Plains Had Little Appeal to Aging Lawman
[Bat Masterson]," by Marvin Swanson, November 12, 19; "Pioneer
[Charles S. Smith] Tells About Early Days in Western Kansas,"
November 26; a biographical sketch of Mrs. Emily Allen Drew,
one of Richfield's early school teachers, by Mrs. Doris Henderson,
December 3, 10, 17; "History of Early Town of Deerfield," by Mrs.
Virginia Pierce Hicks, December 24; the cowboy as pictured in
the Kansas Cowboy, Dodge City newspaper of the 1880's, De-
cember 31, and January 7, 14, 1960; "Home on the Range Popular
as Kansas Song," by Heinie Schmidt, January 21, 28; and "Early
Dodge City House Recalls Village Blacksmith [Adam Schmidt],"
by Heinie Schmidt, February 4, 11.

T. H. McNary, native of the Horton area, recalled some of the
activities of the vigilantes during the 1880's in an article published
in the Horton Headlight, August 20, 24, 27, 1959.

Historical articles in the Conway Springs Star in recent months
included: articles and pictures featuring Conway Springs schools,
August 27, 1959; the town's churches, September 3; the Stars
history, October 15; and the story of the Henry Sneeringers, pio-
neers in the Conway Springs area, by a daughter, Mrs. Cora Shobe,
January 21, 1960. A historical edition was published by the Star,
September 24, 1959, in observance of the 75th anniversaries of the
town and the newspaper.

Esther Haas is the author of a history of the Allen public schools
which appeared in the Emporia Times, August 27, 1959. On
October 8 the Times printed the reminiscences of J. W. Bolton, a
resident of Lyon county for 86 years.

On August 27, 1959, the Council Grove Republican printed a
brief history of Parkerville and an article on the Old Homestead
ranch, near Council Grove. The original 160 acres of the ranch
was homesteaded by Frank and Mary Doran in 1859. Now en-
compassing 3,000 acres, the ranch is still owned by the same family.



106 KANSAS HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

Articles of historical interest appearing recently in the Pittsburg
Headlight included: "Haying Not What It Used to Be," a review
of haying before the advent of the modern baler, by Hazel Sellers,
August 31, 1959; "Recall Days Before Frontenac James DeVore
Cut Grass to Pitch Tent/* by Joseph F. Cicero, September 5; "Long
Gone But Far From Forgotten Livery Barn Had Big Early Day
Role," by Len B. Herod, October 12; historical notes on early
Arcadia, by G. W. Corporon, January 5, 15, 16, 1960; and a bio-
graphical sketch of Charles Curtis, February 9.

"El Dorado as It Looked Just the Other Day," a series by Ralph
Meeks, began appearing in the Butler County News, El Dorado,
September 10, 1959.

Yaggy School, Reno county, was the subject of an article by
Laura Yaggy Krantz in the Hutchinson News, September 14, 17,
1959. The school, started in 1879 as Salem School, closed in 1951.

A history of the First Christian church of Clyde, compiled by
Mabelle R. Hakes and Mrs. Thressa Trowbridge, was printed in
the Clyde Republican, September 24, 1959. The congregation
was organized in the autumn of 1882.

Historical articles of interest to Kansans appearing in the Kansas
City (Mo.) Star in recent months included: "'John Brown Country*
of Kansas Recalls Stirring Events of 100 Years Ago," by Margaret
Olwine, October 4, 1959; and "Lincoln Got Little Publicity for
Kansas Speeches in 1859," by F. W. Brinkerhoff, and "History's
Peacetime Relics Shown at Fort Leavenworth," by Margaret Ol-
wine, November 29. Articles in the Kansas City (Mo.) Times in-
cluded "Snow Meant Reading Time on Farm," by Jennie Small
Owen, January 20, 1960; "Kansas Story in One Man's Life," a review
of One-way Ticket to Kansas, Frank M. Stahl's autobiography as
told to Margaret Whittemore, by John T. Alexander, January 29;
and "Editing a Daily Paper 'In His Steps/ " the story of Dr. Charles
M. Sheldon as editor of the Topeka Daily Capital, by Clifford V.
Souders, March 9.

Arrington Methodists observed the 75th anniversary of their
church in 1959. A history of the church appeared in the Atchison
Daily Globe, October 4, 1959, the Holton Recorder, October 19,
and the Valley Falls Vindicator, October 28.

The Holton Evangelical United Brethern church celebrated its
100th anniversary in October, 1959. On October 8 the Holton
Recorder and the Jackson County Clipper, Holton, published his-
tories of the church.



KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 107

Two of Garnett's churches, the United Presbyterian and the
Methodist, observed centennial anniversaries in October, 1959. The
Anderson Countian, Garnett, printed a history of the United Pres-
byterian church, October 15, and of the Methodist church, October
22.

Emporia's First Baptist church, which recently reached its cen-
tennial year, was the subject of a historical article by the pastor,
the Rev. Ralph E. Herrick, published in the Emporia Gazette,
October 17, 1959.

In recognition of its 75th anniversary, a history of the South
Haven Christian church was printed in the South Haven New Era,
October 22, 1959.

In 1869 the first services of the Frankfort Methodist church were
held in the Missouri Pacific depot at Frankfort. The schoolhouse,
the Presbyterian church, and other buildings served as meeting



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