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Seminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science online

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Applied Econoinics, (6) Practical Observation
and Investigation, and (c) Methods of Re-
search, witn papers by the students on
special topics. This is a continuation of
number three.

14. Institutional History. Lectures three
hours each week on Comparative Politics and
Administration.' Greek, Roman and Ger-



manic institutions are compared. The his-
torical significance of Roman law is traced in
mediaeval institutions. A short study in
Prussian Administration is given at the close
of the course.

15, The Rise of Democracy. Lectures two
hours each week on the Rise of Popular
Power, and the Growth of Political Liberty in
Europe. A comparison of ancient and
modern democracy, a study of Switzerland,
the Italian Republics, the Dutch Republic,
and the Erench Revolution, constitute the
principal part of the work. Students will
read May's Democracy in Europe.

16, Elements of Sociology. Lectures three
hours each week on the Evolution of Social
Institutions from the Primitive Unit, the
Family; including a discussion of the laws
and conditions which tend to organize
society. The later part of the course is de-
voted to modern social problems and social-
istic Utopias.

17, Cliarities and Corrections. Two hours
each week: Various methods of treatment
of the poor. Scientific charity. Treatment
of the helpless. Prison reform. State refor-
matories. This course is supplementary to
number sixteen. Special efforts will be made
towards a practical study of Kansas institu-
tions.

18, Land and Land Tenures. Lectures two
hours each ■ week. This course • treats of
Primitive Property, the Village Community,
Feudal Tenures of France and England, and
Modern Land-holding in Great Britain and
Ireland and the United States. Reports are
made on other countries, and on recent
agrarian theories and legislation This is an
excellent preparation for the study of the
Law of Real Property,

19, The Political History of Modern Europe,

Two hours each week, including the Napo-
leonic wars, German Federation, the Rise of
Prussia, the Unification of Italy, the Revolu-
tion of 1848, the Third Republic, the Russian
problem, etc.

'20. Constitutional Law. Three conferences
each week during the second term, on the
Constitution of the United States; with brief
sketches of the institutions and events that
preceded its adoption, and with special atten-
tion to the sources and methods of its inter-
pretation.

21, International Law and Diplomacy.

Class work twice each week during the second
term; using Davis on the Rise and Growth of



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



123,



International Law, and Schuyler on the
History of American Diplomacy.

22. The Status of Woman in the United
States. Three conferences each week during
the second term, on the Status of Woman in
all countries and times; with special investiga-
tion of the present legal, political, industrial,
and professional position of women in the
diiferent States of the American Union.

23. The Histories and Methods of Legisla-
tive Assemblies. Two conferences each week
during the second term on the Rise and
Growth of Legislative assemblies, their rules
of order and methods of business.

24. Mediaeyal History. Two-fifths of the
last term of the Freshman year. For all
students whose admission papers show that
they have had Elementary Physics, Hygiene,
and Chemistry. The course includes a study
of the fall of the Western Empire, the Teu-
tonic Races, and the rise of new nationalities.

25. Seminary, Two hours each week
throughout the year.

New Courses. Other courses may be given
in Political Philosophy, Modern Municipal
Government, Ptoman Law, the South Ameri-
can Republics, and Comparative administra-
tion.

Graduate Courses. To those desiring them
special courses for post-graduate students
will be given in the following subjects: The
History of Institutions, American History
and Civil Government, Sociology, Political
Economy.

Newspaper Bureau, In connection with
the work of the Department a Newspaper
Bureau is maintained. In this the leading
cities of the United States are represented
by some twenty daily and weekly newspa-
pers. The principal object of the Bureau is
to enable students to form habits of system-
atic reading, to keep informed on the current*
topics of the day, to study the best types of
modern journalism, to learn to discriminate
between articles 0' temporary value only and
those of more permanent worth, to make a
comparative study of editorial work, to mas-
ter for the time being the current thought
on any particular subject, and to preserve by
clippings properly filed and indexed, impor-
tant materials for the study of current his-
tory and public life— to malie history, by the
arrangement and classification of present
historical matter.



Preparation for Entrance to the University.

— The time spent in the high schools in the
study of history is necessarily limited. For
this reason it is essential that the greatest
care be exercised in preparing students for
entrance into the University. At present
very little history is required in the Freshman
and Sophomore years, and the students enter
upon the study of the Junior and Senior years
without thorotigh preparation for the work.
It would seem that the aim should be for all
those who contemplate entering the Univer-
sity to learn the story of nations pretty thor-
oughly. A general outline of the world's
history with a special study of the United
States history and government represents the
field. iJut this outline should be something
more than a mere skeleton of facts and dates.
It should be well rounded with the political,
social and economic life of the people. Stu-
dents will find a general text-book, such as
Myer's or Sheldon's indispensable; but the
work of preparation ought not to stop here.
Such works as Fyffe's Greece, Creighton's
Rome, Seebohm's Era of Protestant Revolu-
tion, Cox's Greece, and others in the Primer,.
Epoch, and Stories of Nations, series ought ta
be read. The object of this reading is ta
familiarize the student with the political and
social life of the principal nations of the
world. For this purpose everything should
be as interesting as possible. Such an inter-
est should be aroused that the student would
not be puzzled over dates and threadbare
facts, but would seize and hold those things
that are useful on account of the interest his
mind has in them. That history which is
gained by a bare memory of events is soon
lost. It grows too dim for use and conse-
quently leads to confusion. With the story
of the nations well learned the student comes
to the University prepared for the higher
scientific study of history and its kindred
topics. He is then ready for investigation,
comparison and analysis. He then takes up
the real investigation of the philosophy of
institutions and of national development.
* He is then ready for the science of Sociology,
Institutional History, Political Economy, the
Science of Government, Statistics or Political
Economy. Students who enter the Univer-
sity without this preparation find it necessary
to make up for it by the perusal of books^
such as those mentioned above.



124



SEMINAR Y NOTES.



STUDENTS' LIBRARIES.

Every student in the University stLonld lay the foundation of a good working library. Such libraries are
not "made to order" at some given time, under specially favorable financial conditions— but are the result of
considerable sacrifice, and are of slow growth. The wise expenditure of even ten dollars in each term will
bring together books which if thoroughly mastered will be of great assistance in all later life. Room-mates,
or members of the same fraternity, by combining their libraries and avoiding the purchase of duplicates, can
soon be in possession of a most valuable collection of authors. Assistance in selecting and in purchasing will
be given upofi. application.

The prices named below are the list prices of the publishers.

A.ny booh- in the list below can be had of Field & Hargis, Soolisellers and Stationers.

Students are required to imrchase books marked with an asterisk.



American Book Company, Chicago.

*Manual of the Constitution, Andrews - ■? 1.00

Analysis of Civil Government, Townsend 1.00

Civil Government, Peterman - .60

History of England, Thalheimer 1.00

Mediasval and Modern History, Thalheimer 1.60

Outlines of History, Fisher 8.40

General History of the World, Barnes 1.60

Political Economy, Gregory 1.20

Lessons in Political Economy, Champlin 90

Ginn & Co., Boston and Chicago.

Ancient History. Myers & Allen % 1..50

Mediasval and Modern History, Myers.... 1.50

Political Science and Comparative Law, Burgess, 5.00

Macy's Our Government - , - .75

*General History, Myers .- 1..50

Leading facts in English History, Montgomery... 1.13

Philo.sophy of Wealth, Clark 1.00

Political Science Quarterly, Yearly... . 3.00

Washington and His Country, Fiske.... 1.00

Harpers, New York.

*History of Germany, Lewis 1.50

*International Law, Davis a.50

*Political History of Modern Times, Muller 3.00

*Short English History, Green 1.75

Civil Policy of America. Draper 3.50

History of English People, Green, 4 vols... 10.00

History of United States, Hildreth, 6 vols 13.00

The Constitution, Story 1.00

Holt & Co., New York.

*American Politics, Johnston $ 1.00

American Colonies, Doyle, 3 vols .-. 9.00

American Currency, Sumner 3.50

Civil Service In United States, Comstock 2.00

History of Modern Europe, Fyffe, 3 vols 7.50

Political Economy, Roscher, 2 vols 7.00

Political Economy, Walker 3.25

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston.

*Civil Government in United States. Fiske $ 1.00

American Commonwealths, 13 vols., each 1.85

American Statesmen, 34 vols., each 1.85'

American Revolution, Fisk. 3 vols 4.00

Critical Period of American History. Fisk 3.00

Emancipation of Massachusetts, Adams 1..50

Epitome of History, Ploetz 3.00

War of Secession, Johnson 3.50

Appleton, New York.

Dynamic Sociology, Ward, 2 vols J 5.00

History of Civilization, Guizot. 1.25

Political Economy, Mill. 2 vols 6.00

Cranston & Stowe, Chicago.
^Political Economy, Ely ^ 1.00

MacMillan, New York.
Constitutional History, Englai\d, Stubbs, 3 vols.st^lO.OO
Principles of Economics, Marshall, vol. 1 4.00



Armstrong, New York.

*Democracy in Europe, May, 3 vols .^ % 8.50

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London.

*American Citizen's Manual, Ford ....$ 1.85

Unwritten Constitution of the U. S., Tiedeman. . 1.00

History of Political EconomJ^ Blanqui 3.00

Introduction to Eng. Econon. Hist, and Theory,

Ashley 1.50

Indust. and Com. Supremacy of Eng., Rogers 3.00

Economic Interpretations of History, Rogers 3.00

Constitutional History of the U.S., Sterne 1.85

*Tariff History of the United States, Taussig 1.35

The Story of Nations, 34 vols., each 1.50

Heroes of the Nations, 18 vols., each 1.50

American Orations, ed. by Johnston, Svols., each 1.25

Callaghan & Co., Chicago.

Constitutional History of U. S., Von Hoist, 6 vol 130.00
Constitutional Law of U. S., Von Hoist 2.00

Crow^ell, New York.

'■■History of France, Duruy $8.00

Labor Movenrent in America, Ely 1.50

Life of Washington, pop. ed., Irving, 3 vols 8.50

Problems of To-day, Ely 1..50

Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

History of Greece, Grote, 10 vols $17.50

History of the United States, Bancroft, 6 vols 13.50

Rise of the Republic, Frothingham 1.75

Longmans, Green & Co., New York.

Epochs of Ancient History, each vol % 1.00

Epochs of Modern History^ each, vol 1.00

Political Economy, pop. ed.. Mill 1.75

The Crusades, Cos.. 1.00

Scribners, New^ York.

^American Diplomacj% Schuyler $ 8.00

History of Rome. Mommsen, 4 vols 8.00

Lombard Street, Bagehot .. 1.85

•Silent South, Cable 1.00

tilver Burdett & Co., Boston.

*Historical Atlas, Labberton .-...5^1.50 or ■$ 3.00

*Historical Geography of U. S., MacCoun 1.00

*Institutes of Economics, Andrews 1.50

Institiies of General History, Andrews 2.00

Morrison, Washington.

History of United States, Scbouler, 4 vols $ 9.00

D., O. Heath & Co., Boston.

■-'■■The State, Woodrow Wilson $ 2.00

Principles of Political Economy, Gide. 2.00

Methods of Teaching History, Hall 1.50

General History, Sheldon 1.60

*01d Soi\th Leaflets, 33 Nos., each .■ . .05

History Topics, Allen 25

State and Fed. Governments of the U. S., Wilson 50

The American Citizen, Dole . .90

Comparative View of Governments, Wenzel 20

Studies in American History, Sheldon— Barnes...



SEMINARY NOTES.

State University — Lawrence, Kansas.



Vol. I.



MARCH, 1892.



No. 6.



SEMINARY OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.



All students connected with the department
of History and Sociology are, by virtue of
such connection, members of the Seminary.
All students having two or more studies
under the instructors of the department are
required to take the work of the Seminary as
pait of their work in course.

The meetings of the Seminary are held every
Friday, in Room 15, University Building.
Public meetings will be held from time to
time, after due announcement.

The work of the Seminary consists of special
papers and discussions, on topics connected
with the Department mentioned;' prepared
as far as possible from consultation of
original sources and from practical investi-
gation of existing conditions, under the per-
sonal direction of the officers of the Seminary-
Special assistance in choice of themes,
authorities, etc., is given members of the
Seminary who have written work due in the
department of History and Sociology, or in
the Department of English, or in any of the
literary societies or other similar organiza-
tions in the University; on condition that the
results of such work shall be presented to the
Seminary if so required.

In connection with the work of the Semi-
nary, a Newspaper bureau is maintained. In
this the leading cities of the United vStates
are represented by some twenty daily and
weekly newspapers. The principal object of
the Bureau is to enable students to form
habits of systematic reading, to keep informed
on the current topics of the day, to study the
best types of modern Journalism, to learn to
discriminate between articles of temporary
value only and those of more permanent
worth, to make a comparative study of edi-
torial work, to master for the time being the
current thought on any particular subject,
and to preserve by clippings properly filed and
indexed, important materials for the study of
current history and public life — to make his-
tory by the arrangement and classification of
present historical matter.

Special investigation and study will be
undertaken during each year, bearing on some
one or more phases of the administration of
public affairs in this State; the purpose being



to combine service to the State with the reg-
ular work of professional and student life.
In this special work the advice and cooper-
ation of State and local officials and of
prominent men of affairs is constantly sought,
thus bringing to students the experience and
judgment of the world about them.

Graduates of our own University, or other
persons of known scholarly habits, who have
more than a passing interest in such work as
the Seminary undertakes, and who are willing
to contribute some time and thought to its
success, are invited to become corresponding
members of the Seminary. The only condi-
tion attached to such membership is, that
each corresponding member shall prepare
during each University year one paper, of not
less than two thousand five hundred words,
on some subject within the scope of the Sem-
inary; and present the same in person at such
time as may be mutually agreed upon by the
writer and the officers of the Seminary, or in
writing if it be found impossible to attend
a meeting of the Seminary.

The library of the University and the time
of the officers of the Seminary are at the
service of corresponding members, in con-
•nection with Seminary work — within reason-
able limits.

More than twenty gentlemen, prominent in
official and professional circles, have already
connected themselves with the Seminary, and
have rendered very acceptable service during
past years.

The officers and members of the Seminary
will gladly render all possible assistance ot
any public officials who may desire to collect
special statistics or secure definite informa-
tion on such lines of public work as are
properly within the sphere of the Seminary.

Any citizen of Kansas interested in this
work is invited to correspond with the Semi-
nary, and to be present at its meetings when

possible.

FRANK W. BLACKMAR,

Director.
FRANK H. HODDER,

Vice-Director.
EPHRAIM D. ADAMS,

Secretary.



126



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



THE WORK OF BUREAUS OF LABOR STATISTICS.



|T feel that I owe an apology to the
'q^ Seminary for not having more care-
fully prepared this paper, but my time of .
late has been fully occupied, and my
impression was that the 15 th, instead of
the 5th, was my date, until only a few
days ago when I received Professor Black-
mar's notice.

The method of work pursued by the
labor bureaus is a subject rather too ex-
tensive to be handled in a brief paper,
and I feel my inability to properly present
it; but I will do the best I can.

At the last annual National Convention
of the Officers of Bureaus of Labor Sta-
tistics, held at Philadelphia, in May, the
president of the convention, who is the
commissioner of the National department
of labor, stated that part of his work at
present was an analytical examination of
the 150 different volumes of the labor
reports issued by the several states, and
the preparation of a complete topical in-
dex of their contents. The work, which
he proposes to soon issue, will consist* of
some 400 pages, and will be so arranged
that the reader can see at a glance
what subjects have been treated by each
state, and how far it has carried the work.
For instance, if the examiner desires to
know what has been done regarding child
labor, he looks up that title in the index,
and there he will find what states have
treated the matter, and how they have
treated it — whether in text form or statist-
ically, the extent of their treatment as to
the number of pages, etc. While in the
other part of the volume he will find an
analytical index to all the material in this
vast collection of industrial information.
The president said that with this volume
the studient would be able to obtain, if not
the particular book he desired, at least
the information he sought, by applying to
the state bureau issuing the report. He



said further, that while this volume might
show that the reports of any particular
state covered only a limited range of sub-
jects, still when "all the reports of all the
states " are taken together the examiner
would find that the work of the bureaus
had been "simply stupendous." He said
that he had been induced to prepare this
book chiefiy through the earnest solicita-
tion of students of economic subjects of
not only this, but largely of other countries.
The text of the bill creatii;ig the Massa-
chusetts bureau defined its duties in the
following words: "To collect, assort,
arrange and present in annual reports to
the general court statistical details relative
to all departments of labor in the Com-
monwealth, especially in relation to the
commercial, industrial, social, educational
and sanitary condition of the laboring
classes." These words used in defining
the duties of the pioneer labor bureau
practically of the world, as long ago as
1869, have been almost literally followed
by nearly all of the legislatures subse-
quently creating bureaus of a similar
character. The Kansas bureau was the
fifteenth in date of creation (including the
National bureau), and its duties are de-
fined as follows: "to collect, assort,
systematize and present in annual reports
to the governor, to be by him biennially
transmitted to the legislature, statistical
details relating to all departments of labor
and industrial pursuits in the state, espe-
cially in their relation to the commercial,
industrial, social, educational and sanitary
condition of the laboring classes." Now
you will observe that while the language is
preserved intact, the addition of the words
"industrial pursuits" gives the Kansas
bureau a wider range and makes it a bureau
for the collection of industrial as well as
of labor statistics, and the law empowers the
commissioner "to submit interrogatories



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



127



to any person, company, or the proper
officer of any corporation, and require
full and complete answers to be made
thereto and returned under oath." The
title of the Massachusetts bureau is "Bur-
eau of Statistics of Labor," while that of
Kansas is "Bureau of Labor and Indus-
trial Statistics." Still the Massachusetts
bureau has found its power sufficient to
enable it to submit interrogatories to the
manufacturing establishments of the state,
and while for a time the results were far
from satisfactory, its reports today are
used as text books by the large manufac-
turing corporations of the Commonwealth.
And in this connection it may be proper
to say that the majority of the bureaus
find their power sufficient to enable them
to investigate the same range of subjects.
Yet while the main duties of the several
bureaus are practically the same in all of
the states, they vary when details are
considered. Thus in some states, like
Illinois, Missouri and others, they have
the supervision of the inspectors of mines;
while in the newer states the duties of
factory inspection are in some instances
added — this is the case in Kansas, although
no law has yet been enacted looking to
the regulation of work shops and factories,
and the commissioner is only empowered
to report as to their condition. I am
gratified to be able to state that thus far
I have found the sanitary conditions of
the establishments visited fairly good,
especially where any considerable number
of persons were employed.

It would be impossible in a brief paper
like this to enumerate the various subjects
which have engaged the attention of the
labor bureaus during the last few years.
The Massachusetts bureau in 1890 pub-
lished an index to its twenty annual
reports, ending with that of 1889. Lrom
this index I find that during the twenty
years the bureau made 138 investigations —
many, however, pertained to the same
subject. Grouped under general heads,
such as "Arbitration and Conciliation,"
"Condition of Employes in Their Homes



and Employments," "Co-operation and
Profit Sharing," etc., they number seven-
teen. The whole number of pages in the
twenty reports are 8,559, o^ which
"Wages," "Prices" and "Cost of Liv-
ing," occupy more than one-fifth of the
entire space. In the fall of 1883 agents of
the Massachusetts bureau were sent to
Great Britain for the purpose of making
as thorough an examination as possible
of the rate of wages paid, the sanitary
surroundings of the working people both
in their homes and their work shops, and
the cost of living ; the result was eminently
satisfactory and is given in great detail in
the report of 1884. The agents were
pejrmitted to examine the pay rolls of the
great manufacturing establishments and
the official wage lists agreed upon between
employers and the representatives of the
English trades unions. The agents were
also given every facility to inspect both
the shop and the home surroundings of
thousands of operatives. In summing up
the commissioner found that in the year
1883 the general average weekly wage was
77 per cent, higher while the cost of living
(aside from rent, which was 11^ per cent.
higher), was only 5^ per cent, more in
Massachusetts than in Great Britain. A
showing in favor of the Massachusetts
workman of 71 per cent. I am inclined
to think that this conclusion requires a
little explanation to make it thoroughly
intelligible. In Massachusetts twenty-four
leading occupations, representing about
75 per cent, of the total value of the
manufactured product of the state, were
considered, in compariso n with the same
industries in Great Britain. While the
net cost of living in Massachusetts, when
reduced to the same scale, was about 6 per
cent, higher, (making the net earning
power of the Massachusetts workman 7 1
per cent, greater, as stated), the tables
show that the Massachusetts workman
expends 48^ per cent, more for the sup-



Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 21 of 62)