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Seminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science online

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States. Three conferences each week during
the second term, on the Status of Woman in
all countries and times; with special investiga-
tion of the present legal, political, industrial,
and professional position of women in the
different States of the American Union.

23. The Histories and Methods of Le^isla-
tire Assemblies. Two conferences each week
during the second term on the Rise and
Growth of Legislative assemblies, their rules
of order and methods of business.

24. Mediaeyal History. Two-fifths of the
last term of the Freshman year. For all
students whose admission papers show that
they have had Elementary Physics, Hygiene,
and Chemistry. The course includes a study
of the fall of the Western Empire, the Teu-
tonic Races, and the rise of new nationalities.

25. Seminary. Two hours each week
throughout the year.

New Courses. Other courses may be give^i
in Political Philosophy. Modern Municipal
Government, Roman Law, the South Ameri-
can Republics, and Comparative administra-
tion.

Graduate Courses. To those desiring them
special courses for post-graduate students
will be given in the following subjects: The
History of Institutions, American History
and Civil Government, Sociology, Political
Economy.

Newspaper Bureau, In connection with
the work of the Department a Newspaper
Bureau is maintained. In this the leading
cities of the United States are represented
by some twenty daily and weekly newspa-
pers. The principal object of the Bureau is
to enable students to form habits of system-
atic reading, to keep informed on the current
topics of the day, to study the best types of
modern journalism, to learn to discriminate
between articles o temporary value only and
those of more permanent worth, to make a
coiiiparative study of editorial work, to mas-
ter for the time being the current thought
on any particular subject, and to preserve by
clippings properly filed and indexed, impor-
tant materials for the study of current his-
tory and public life— to malte history, by the
arrangement and classification of present
historical matter.



Preparation for Entrance to the University.

— The time spent in the high schools in the
study of history is necessarily limited. For
this reason it is essential that the greatest
care be exercised in preparing students for
entrance into the University. At present
very little history is required in the Freshman
and Sophomore years, and the students enter
upon the study of the Junior and Senior years
without thorough preparation for the work.'
It would seem that the aim should be for all
those who contemplate entering the LTniver-
sity to learn the story of nations pretty thor-
oughly. A general outline of the world's
history with a special study of the United
States history and government represents the
field. Hut this outline should be something
more than a mere skeleton of facts and dates
it should be well roanded with the political,
social and economic life of the people. Stu-
dents will find a general text-book, such as
M Jeer's or Sheldon's indispensable; but the
work of preparation ought not to stop Irere.
Such works as Fylfe's Greece, Creighton's
Rome, Seebohm's Era of Protestant tievolu-
tion. Cox's Greece, and others in the Primer,
Epoch, and Stories of Nations, series ought to
be read. The object of this reading is to
familiarize the student with the political and
social life of the principal nations of the
world. For this purpose everything should
be as interesting as possible. Such an inter-
est should be aroused that the student would
not be puzzled over dates and threadbare
facts, but would seize and hold those things
that are useful on account of the interest his
mind has in them. That history which is
gained by a bare memory of events is soon
lost. It grows too dim for use and conse-
quently leads to confusion. With the story
of the nations well learned the student comes
to the University prepared for the higher
scientific study of history and its kindred
topics. He is then ready for investigation,
comparison and analysis. He then takes up
the real investigation of the philosophy of
institution;', and of national development.
He is then ready for the science of Sociology,
Institutional History, Political Economy, the
Science of Government, Statistics or Political
Economy. Students who enter the Univer-
sity without this preparation find it necessary
to make up for it by the perusal of books, ,
such as those mentioned above.



148



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



STUDENTS' LIBRARIES.

Every student in the University should lay the foundation of a good working library. Such libraries are
not "made to order" at some given time, under specially favorable financial conditions — but are the result of
considerable sacrifice, and are of slow growth. The wise expenditure of even ten dollars in each term will
bring together books which if thoroughly mastered will be of great assistance in all later life. Room-mates,
or members of the same fraternity, by combining their libraries and avoiding the purchase of duplicates, can
soon be in possession of a most valuable collection of authors. Assistance in selecting and in purchasing will
be given upon application.

The prices named below are the list prices of the publishers.

Any booJi in the list below can be had of Field & Hargis, Soohsellers and Stationers.

Students are required to purchase books marked with an, asterisk.



American Book Company, Chicago.

*Manual of the Constitution, Andrews $ 1.00

Analysis of Civil G o vernm ent, Townsend 1 .00

Civil Government, Peterman 60

History of England, Thalheimer 1.00

Mediaeval and Modern History, Thalheimer _. 1.60

Outlines of History, Fisher 2.40

General History of the World, Barnes 1.60

Political Economy, Gregory 1.20

Lessons in Political Economy, Champlin .90

Ginn & Co., Boston and Chicago.

Ancient History. Myers & Allen $ 1.50

Mediaeval and Modern History, Myers 1.50

Political Science and Comparative Law, Burgess, 5.00

Macy's Our Government 75

*General History, Myers 1.50

Leading facts in English History, Montgomery... 1.12

Philosophy of Wealth, Clark... 1.00

Political Science Quarterly, Yearly 3.00

Washington and His Country, Fiske 1.00

Harpers, New York.

*Hi.story of Germany, Lewis 1.50

♦International Law, Davis 2.50

♦Political History of Modern Times, Mtiller 2.00

♦Short English History, Green 1.75

Civil Policy of America. Draper 2.50

History of English People, Green, 4 vols 10.00

History of United States, Hildreth, 6 vols 13.00

The Constitution, Story 1.00

Holt & Co., New York..

♦American Politics, Johnston $ 1.00

American Colonies, Doyle, 3 vols 9.00

American Curi'ency, Sumner 2.50

Civil Service in United States, Comstock 2.00

History of Modern Europe, Fyfte, 3 vols 7.50

Political Economy, Roscher, 2 vols 7.00

Political Economy, Walker 2.25

Houghton, Miflain & Co., Boston.

♦Civil Government in United States. Fiske * 1.00

American Commonwealths, 13 vols., each 1.25

American Statesmen, 24 'vols.; each 1.25

American Revolution, Fisk, 2 vols 4.00

Critical Period of American History. Fisk 2.00

Emancipation of Massachusetts, Adams 1.50

Epitome of History, Ploetz 3.00

War of Secession, .Johnson 2.50

Appleton, New York.

Dynamic Sociology, Ward, 2 vols * 5.00

History of Civilization, Guizot 1.25

Political Economy, Mill, 2 vols 6.00

Cranston & Stowe, Chicago.
♦Political Economy, Ely * 1.00

MacMillan, New^ York.
Constitutional History, England, Stubbs, 3 vols..!f)10.00
Principles of Economics, Marshall, vol. I 4.00



Armstrong, New^ York.
♦Democracy in Europe, May, 2 vols $ S..50

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and. London.

♦American Citizen's Manual, Ford $ 1.25

Unwritten Constitution of the U. S., Tiedeman... 1.00

History of Political Economy, Blanqui 3.00

Introduction to Eng. Econon. Hist, and Theory,

Ashley 1..%

Indust. and Com. Supremacy of Eng., Rogers 3.00

Economic Interpretations of Histoi-y, Rogers 3.00

Constitutional History of the U.S., Sterne 1.25

♦Tariff History of the United States, Taussig 1.85

The Story of Nations, 34 vols., each 1.50

Heroes of the Nations, 12 vols., each 1.50

American Orations, ed. by Johnston, Svols., each 1.25

Callaghan & Co., Chicago.

Constitutional History of U. S., Von Hoist, 6 vol $20.00

Constitutional Law of U. S., Von Hoist 2.00

Crowell, New York.

♦History of France, Duruy $ 2.00

Labor Movement in America, Ely 1.50

Life of Washington, pop. ed., Irving, 2 vols 2.50

Problems of To-day, Ely 1.50

Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

History of Greece, Grote, 10 vols $17.50

History of the United States, Bancroft, 6 vols 13.50

Rise of the Republic, Frothingham 1.75

Longmans, Green & Co . , New York.

Epochs of Ancient History, each vol $ 1.00

Epochs of Modern History, each vol 1.00

Political Economy, pop. ed.. Mill 1.75

The Crusades, Cox 1.00

Scribners, New York.

♦American Diplomacy, Schuyler $ 2.00

History of Rome, Mommsen, 4 vols 8.00.

Lombard Street, Bagehot .. 1.25

Silent South, Cable 1.00

t ilver Burdett & Co., Boston.

♦Historical Atlas, Labberton $1..50 or $ 2.00

*Historical Geography of U. S., MacCoun 1.00

♦Institutes of Economics, Andrews 1..50

Institues of General History, Andrews 2.00

Morrison, Washington.

History of United States, Schouler, 4 vols $ 9.00

D. C. Heath & Co., Boston.

♦The State, Woodrow Wilson $ 2.00

Principles of Political Economy, Gide 3.00

Methods of Teaching History, Hall 1.50

General History, Sheldon 1.60

♦Old South Leaflets, 22 Nos., each 05

History Topics, Allen 25

State and Fed. Governments of the U.S., Wilson 50

The American Citizen, Dole 90

Comparative View of Governments, Wenzel 30

Studies in American History, Sheldon— Barnes...



SEMINARY NOTES.

State University — Lawrence, Kansas.



Vol. I.



APRIL, 1892.



No. 7.



SEMINARY OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.



All students connected with the department
of History and Sociology are, by virtue of
such connection, members of the Seminary.
All students having two or more studies
under the instructors of the department are
required to take the work of the Seminary as
part of their work in course.

The meetings of the Seminary are held every
Friday, in Room 15, University Building.
Public meetings will be held from time to
time, after due announcement.

The work of the Seminary consists of special
papers and discussions, on topics connected
with the Department mentioned; prepared
as far as possible from consultation of
original sou.rces and from practical investi-
gation of existing conditions, under the per-
sonal direction of the officers of the Seminary-
Special assistance in choice of themes,
authorities, etc., is given members of the
Seminary who have written work due in the
department of History and Sociology, or in
the Department of English, or in any of the
literary societies or other similar organiza-
tions in the University; on condition that the
results of such work shall be presented to the
Seminary if so required.

In connection with the work of the Semi-
nary, a Newspaper bureau is maintained. In
this the leading cities of the United States
are represented by some twenty daily and
weekly newspapers. The principal object of
the Bureau is to enable students to form
habits of systematic reading, to keep informed
on the current topics of the day, to study the
best types of modern Journalism, to learn to
discriminate between articles of temporary
value only and those of more permanent
worth, to make a comparative study of edi-
torial work, to master for the time being the
current thought on any particular subject,
and to preserve by clippings properly filed and
indexed, important materials for the study of
current history and public life — to make his-
tory by the arrangement and classification of
present historical matter.

Special investigation and study will be
undertaken during each year, bearing on some
one or more phases of the administration of
public affairs in this State; the purpose being



to combine service to the State with the reg-
ular work of professional and student life.
In this special work the advice and cooper-
ation of State and local officials and of
prominent men of affairs is constantly sought,
thus bringing to students the experience and
judgment of the world about them.

Graduates of our own University, or other
persons of known scholarly habits, who have
more than a passing interest in such work as
the Seminary undertakes, and who are willing
to contribute some time and thought to its
success, are invited to become corresponding
members of the Seminary. The only condi-
tion attached to such membership is, that
each corresponding member shall prepare
during each University year one paper, of not
less than two thousand five hundred words,
on some subject within the scope of the Sem-
inary; and present the same in person at such
time as may be mutually agreed upon by the
writer and the officers of the Seminary, or in
writing if it be found impossible to attend
a meeting of the Seminary.

The library of the University and the time
of the officers of the Seminary are at the
service of corresponding members, in con-
nection with Seminary work — within reason-
able limits.

More than twenty gentlemen, prominent in
official and professional circles, have already
connected themselves with the Seminary, and
have rendered very acceptable service during
past years.

The officers and members of the Seminary
will gladly render all possible assistance ot
any public officials who may desire to collect
special statistics or secure definite informa-
tion On such lines of public work as are
properly within the sphere of the Seminary.

Any citizen of Kansas interested in this
work is invited to correspond with the Semi-
nary, and to be present at its meetings when
possible.

FRANK W. BLACKMAR,

Director.
FRANK H. HODDER,

YlCB-DlRECTOR.

EPHRAIM D. ADAMS,

Secretary.



SEMFNARY NOTES.



THE GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF BRAINS IN THE

UNITED STATES.



\5T N the consideration of this theme,
^^ the Geographic Distribution of Brains
in the United States, I shall have the
advantage of a paper on a collateral sub-
ject of inquiry — the "Distribution of
Ability in the United States," by Henry
Cabot Lodge, a distinguished statistician,
statesman, politician and member of
congress from Massachusetts. His article
appeared in the "Century" magazine a
few moTiths ago. While such an attempt
of measurement struck me at first as
rather novel, I found it was not original
with Mr. Lodge, but that he had followed
in turn a writer in the "Nineteenth Cen-
tury," who had made an effort to estimate
the Distribution of ability, by counties,
throughout England.

'•A time tJiere was ere England's griefs bagan.
When every rood of ground maintained its man."

This assertion of Mr. Goldsmith has
been controverted. It is extremely doubt-
ful indeed that "this sceptred isle," "set
in the silver sea," "this other Eden,
demi-Paradise, " ever maintained 2560
people to the square mile. And if Mr.
Goldsmith was so mistaken, it may be
just as possible that the "Nineteenth
Century " writer and Mr. Cabot Lodge,
in the statistical task which they have
assigned themselves, (the distribution of
ability to the square mile) may uncon-
sciously incorporate some element of
fallibility in their calculation.

Of course the first thing that strikes one
as peculiaj in this inquiry is the idea that
ability is something entirely definite and
tangible — an entity, like the doorplate of
Thompson (whose name was spelled with
a p), and something '.'handy to have in
the house," — a species or variety of what
Dickens' Wemmick was wont to term
"portable property," and only not liabk
indeed to be assessed and taxed as other



"personal property, " on the "exemption"
plea that it reflected a large usufruct of
credit back upon the State that primarily
produced it. Most people who possess it
have bought "ability" through educa-
tion — experience, — and it scarce came
wholly as an inheritance, or at any one
stated date in their history.

"In all the troubles of life there is
always a place where you may find sym-
pathy," quoth the colored moralist, and
then gave out the answer to the conun-
drum, viz; "In the dictionary." So, ac-
cording to Mr. Lodge, there is always a
place where you can find, — and weigh and
measure — "ability," and it is also "in
the dictionary" — " Appleton's Biograph-
ical Dictionary!" There are the men who
have possessed it within the era of Ameri-
can history, to the total number of 14,243.

"Their names their years spelled hy the lettered
muse."

of x\ppleton.

•' The place of fame and eulogy supply."

The secret of pprennial preservation of
"ability" is to have it embalmed in
Appleton's Biographical Dictionary!

I am always beset with a lingering
doubt whether true ability is to be deter-
mined by the compilers of a biographical
dictionary who picked the fruit perchance
solely from the sunny topmost boughs of
popular appreciation. Who are the ablest
men? — those who get talked about the
the most? Not invariably, and yet these
are apt to come to the front in biographic
mention, just as likely as not it was the
manifestation of spasmodic, lopsided
ability that made the man remarkable and
got him chronicled in the biography. In
fact that may have been the only remark-
able thing about him, while the well-
rounded self-poised man, " rich in saving
common sense, went steadily and quietly



SEMINARY NOTES.



151



about his business, ably doing his part as
a good citizen; benefiting the community
possibly ten times as much as the noisy
politician, who got into the caucus and
fixed it into the convention and "ran it,"
into the legislature, into congress perhaps
or a good fat office, and finally into the bi-
ographical dictionary.

Mr. Lodge has evidently bestowed a
good deal of labor on his tabulation of
the Cyclopedia of Biography, and is pro-
portionally satisfied that the results ex-
hibited are of the greatest historical value.
Possibly he is not the first man who has
fallen in love with his own statistics, and
fondly deduced important results there-
from. His method of classification shows
(he claims) what communities have pro-
duced the men who have governed the
country and fought its battles, who have
produced its literature, art and science, or
made the inventions which in some in-
stances have affected the history of the
United States, and of mankind.

There may be something in this, and
Mr. Lodge's statistics may locate exactly
not only the distribution of brains to the
square mile, but the particular state, or
county, if needs be, which are naturally
most fertile in the production of ability,
but before assenting to all his conclusions
based upon Appleton's Cyclopedia, we
should need be well assured that the data
are invariably correct. "Figures will not
lie," it is said, but that depends upon the
person who furnishes or manipulates the
figures. Who made the compiler of
Appleton's omniscient of ability? Who
provided him the guage, and the meter to
measure and determine its quality? If
his judgment be fallible his facts will be
apochryphal, and the conclusions of Mr.
Lodge, based thereon, become extremely
hypothetical. Of course there were a
certain number of eminent Americans
whose ability would be universally recog-
nized. They should go into any and
every such bioei-aphical dictionary. Pos-
sibly their ■ • •\-;Mild fall somewhat
.si-.ort ii There would be



another list on which opinions might
honestly differ as to degree, and finally
there might be an indefinite residuum that
would in the matured opinions of a later
generation be relegated to an entirely
different limbo. The Encyclopedia Brit-
tanica follows implicitly the old injunction
" Call no man great until he is dead."
The Art Museum of the Louvre extends
the probation further, and admits the
work of no artist until he has left this
world ten years behind him. Evidently
the datum of greatness depends largely
upon specific dates. If the Appleton
had been compiled when a great man was
busy tanning at Galena, or later, hauling
chips into St. Louis at $1 per load, do
you think that Grant's name would have
had the fortune to be enshrined therein?
Or, Sherman at the date when he lost that
little law suit before a pettifogging justice
of the peace over here in Jefferson county,
just before the war broke out? If there
haply exist any such element of fallibility,
in the dictionary, then Mr. Lodge's exact
determination of the soils that possess the
chemical elements favorable to ability
may share in that fallibility.

An enthusiastic writer once announced
from a careful study of conditions and
statistics based thereon, the deduction
that Shakespeare, the greatest man of all
time, could have been born at no other
era than the latter half of the Sixteenth
Century, in no other country than Eng-
land, and no other county than Warwick-
shire. And now other wise statisticians
and crypto-grammatists assure us that
Shakespeare as a playwriter was bu-t a
myth and a fraud, that his plays were
perpetrated by a man named Bacon, born
at York House in the Strand.

:fc * * * * * *

But whether wholly infallible or not Mr.
Lodge goes on to tabulate for us, giving
us the distribution of ability as to states
(according to place of birth), by race,
(through the single patronymic line), and
the profession or employment. His first
table classifies by states and }'ou note, at



152



SEMINAF Y NO TES.



once, as a Kansan, that you are entirely
ruled out. Kansas has no ability, so far.
Texas enumerates just one man, the lone
star of the "Lone Star State;" Arkansas
three (of whom one, of course, was the
famous "traveler"); Iowa five; California
the same; and then you jump to Wiscon-
sin and Florida with a dozen each for the
lands of pine and pine-apples. From
these you ascend rapidly through Alaba-
ma 34, Missouri 39, Michigan 44, Illinois
59, Louisiana 68, District of Columbia 75,
to Indiana and little Delaware, of 115
each. Having now passed the one hun-
dred limit the plot, and the ability, begins
to thicken. You progress to Tennesee
136, Georgia 202, "Little Rhody" 291,
North Carolina with an even 300 able
"Tar-heelers," Kentucky 320, Vermont
359, Ohio 364, South Carolina 398, with
Calhoun the original and many other able
"seceders," Maine 414, New Jersey 474,
New Hampshire 510, Maryland 512.
From this on we climb rapidly to the
frozen summit of ability, with gigantic
strides. Virginia 1038, Connecticut 1196,
Pennsylvania 1827, New York 2605
Massachusetts 2686!

Now you imagine you perceive just
where this leads on! To the state that had
the honor of giving birth to Cabot Lodge
apparently. Not so, for he tells you (and
might readily prove it by figures) that
proportioned to population (but why not
estimate by area indeed) Connecticut leads
every other state in its volume of ability.
Of course the older states have had, he
admits, some advantage in this classifica-
tion. It might certainly appear so, for
Kansas, Nebraska and Minnesota are lit-
erally "nowhere" in the race, with the
still newer states inevitably in the same
unfortunate category. Unhappily nobody
was born in Kansas, except "Indians not
taxed"— with ability — until about 37 years
ago, and of these even, while some young
sprouts of ability may have shot up, none
of these scions have yet got themselves
haply transplanted into the botanic gar-
den of biography kept by Appleton and



carefully watched and watered by Henry
Cabot Lodge.

But while our statistician intimates that
relative population should properly be
taken into account, he makes no figures
to apply it in the estimate, and indeed it
is a little difficult to determine at just what
period the population should be taken.
Not on the census of 1890 evidently, for
the dictionary takes in results of the whole
period of American history, including
colonial. Men of ability are chronicled
therein who flourished and died a full
century before our western states were
born, hence that test would not be fair in
any case. I think Mr. Lodge would be
compelled to bring in his law of averages,
and as he has failed to do so, I cheerfully
supply his omission. I have taken three
periods, at a venture, the censuses of 1800,
1830 and i860 respectively. The first



Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 25 of 62)