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Seminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science online

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^ Friday, March 18. After the read-
ing of the report of the last meeting. Prof.
F. H. Clark of Minneapolis, Kas., a cor-
responding member of the Seminary, was
introduced and read a paper entitled
"The Origin of the Aryans," the sub-
stance of which was as follows:

God uses the races of men not only as
objects upon which, but as means with
which, to work out his great designs, and
the Aryan race has surely been one of his
"chosen people." There was but one
origin of the human race. The bible
narrative is literally true. Authorities dif-
fer, but the trend of modern research is
toward the view of but one primal creation^
and that after the fall, man grew from a
state painfully primitive- — he began the
battle not yet closed. Soon came the
necessity of migration, and tribes went
forth in all directions. Those going south,,
under different environments, became rad-
ically different from those migrating to the
north. This resulted in two distinct types,,
the Negroid and Mongoloid. These two
races, though occupying most of the earth,
fortunately left a narrow strip between
them vacant. Recent discoveries teach.
us that a superior race, the Caucasian,
which was likely a derivation of primitive
man, held possession of this fertile strip.
The Caucasian possessed characteristics
similar to both Negroid and Mongoloid,
and may have developed from both races,
but be that as it may he was evidently a fact.

The Mongolians drifted north and west^
and, crossing with this intermediate race,,
produced the Aryans, who were located
somewhere west ' of the Mongoloid and
north of the home of the original man.

First they had the house father and his
family, thence a clan ruled by the patri-
arch, thence a government by an assembly,,
and a chief was selected in case of war.
From this grew more permanent organiza-
tions, limited monarchies, but never an
absolutism. All this growth did not take
place in ancient Arya. To a large extent
it was made after their migrations. But
the clan spirit has never been extinguished-
They knew the art of plowing, constructed
permanent houses, cooked their own food
and acted under well defined and acknowl-
edged customs and requirements. Purity
and chastity of life was a virtue as highly
esteemed among them as with us.

Pearl I. Smith, Reporter.







■ BY

the seminary of

Historical and Political Science.

State University, Lawrence, Kansas.

Erank W. Blackinai-. \

Frank H. Hodder, \ - - - Editors.

Ephraim D. Adams, j

Terms. Ten Cents a Number, - Fifty Cents a Year

*y^ HE purpose of this publication is to increase the
{(3) Interest in the study of historical science in the
^^ University and throughout the State, to afford
means of regular communication with corresponding
members of the Seminary and with the general piib-
lic— especially with the Alumni of the University, and
to preserve at least the outlines of carefully prepared
papers and addresses. The number of pages in each
Issue will be increased as rapidly as the subscription
list will warrant. The entire revenue of the publi-
cation v/ill be applied to its maintenance.
Address all subscriptions and communications to


Lawrence, Kansas.

The Notes for the month, follows up
the article upon " History in Public
Schools," by Principal Johnson in the
March number, by an article upon the
same subject from H. A. Peairs. These
articles are just what are wanted; brief,
sharp notes upon the theory and practice
of the preparatory teaching of history.
It is hoped that other workers in high
schools or graded schools throughout the
state will not hesitate to send suggestions
upon this subject so that their views may
be published and criticised in the Notes.

Shortly before Prof. James H. Canfield
left Kansas University to become Chan-
cellor of Nebraska University, he an-
nounced that a new course of study would
be offered in the ensuing year upon the
"Status of Woman." Considerable in-
terest was taken in this throughout the
state, and a gentleman of Topeka, Mr.
T. E. Bowman, generously contributed
^loo as a nucleus for the purchase of
reference books upon the subject. The

gift was acknowledged both by Chancellor
Snow and by Prof. Canfield, but in the
unlooked for resignation of Prof. Canfield,
the gift was lost sight of for the moment
and has since lain in the Clerk's office
until recently brought to light. The
Notes regrets that acknowledgement was
not made earlier for this gift. The course
in '■'■ Status of Woman " is now being
given by Prof. Blackmar, and many ref-
erence books have been purchased for the
study. Mr. Bowman's gift is, however, an
addition, and more than that such gifts
are always an encouragement to the in-
structors of the Historical department.

During the last month, a number of
very interesting meetings of the Historical
Seminary have been held. In addition to
the regular student sessions, reports of
which may be found in the foregoing
pages, papers have been read by four of
the corresponding members of the Semi-
nary. Hon. B. W. Woodward's paper is
published in part in this issue of the
Notes, lack of space making necessary
the omission of a portion of it. While
not dealing specifically with such subject
matter as is usually brought before the
Seminary, this paper was of great interest
to the students and was warmly appre-
ciated. Judge Thacher's address on
"Labor in the Old World" was, according
to the speaker, merely intended to consist
of the casual observations of a traveler;
but, to any one who heard the address, it
was at once evident that in this instance
the traveler was a very careful observer of
what he comes in contact with. Probably
a better picture was left upon the mind of
the auditors, of the condition of life
among those classes of people described
than could have been by any arrangement
or compilation of statistics on the subject.
On the afternoon of March i8. Principal
Clark of Minneapolis, Kans., read a paper
on the Aryan question, and brought out
more and sharper discussion from the
students than has been obtained at any
other meeting this year. The paper was



clear cut and positive and therefore offered
opportunity for definite attack or defense.
On the evening of the same day Chancel-
lor Canfield, of Nebraska State University,
delivered an address in the Chapel upon
the -'Rise and Growth of Individualism."
This address was originally intended for
the Historical Seminary simply, but when
the speaker's friends and admirers in Law-
rence heard of his coming, so many of
them expressed a desire to hear him, that
it was thought best to make a public
address of it and hold the meeting in the
evening, — Chancellor Canfield kindly con-
senting to such an arrangement. The
audience was a large one, and the paper
was both scholarly and entertaining. No
report of it is given in this issue of the
Notes, but the editor hopes to be able to
publish a good portion of it in the near

These addresses are encouraging evi-
dence of the interest which men through-
out the state are taking in the work of the
Historical Seminary. When a business
man or a professional man is willing to
spend considerable time in the preparation
of a careful paper on some given topic,
and to come to our University to read
that paper before a student body, it shows
that he has something more than a pass-
ing interest in the work which has been
undertaken by the Seminary. The mem-
bers of the Seminary appreciate this per-
haps more than anything else in connection
with the organization. They feel that the
subjects which they are studying are sub-
jects of the greatest importance and in-
terest in the eyes of the best men in the
state. The presence of the correspond-
ing members in the Seminary is both an
incentive to earnest work and at the same
time insures a careful consideration and
examination of whatever may be brought
up for study. The Notes wishes to return
thanks to the corresponding members.

Last month, in discussing the use of
the library, a word was said about the use
of tlie card indexes. By way of continu-

ation, a few suggestions in regard to the
use of reference books may not be out of
place. Horace Greeley, when interrupted
by requests for information of all kinds,
used to reply "look in Webster's Una-
bridged." The answer was a pertinent
one. Very few fully appreciate the re-
rources of the large dictionaries. At
least half the questions that arise in the
course of ordinary reading may be
answered by consulting them. Of the
dictionaries the most generally useful is
the new Webster's "International," the
successor to the "Unabridged," Greeley
referred to. Of all works of reference,
this is perhaps the most important to have
as a corner-stone to a student library.
In the appendix, you have a full list of
noted names of fiction, a dictionary of
biography, and a gazeteer, so that the
work is a dictionary of language, litera-
ture, geography and biography all in one.
With some, Worcester or Stormonth is
the preferred authority on pronunciation.
Of still larger works there is the great
"Century Dictionary," the method of
compilation of which was described in a
recent number of the ' 'Century Magazine. '"
Murray's "New English Dictionary"'
promises to be still larger. The former-
is a. union of dictionary and cyclopaedia:-,
the latter emphasizes the philological side
of a dictionary.

Next in order to dictionaries of lan-
guage come the cyclopaedias and special
dictionaries. The careful student, in in-
vestigating a topic, will not rest content
with information gleaned from a cyclopae-
dia, but their articles are often convenient
starting points, in that they give summa-
ries of the subject in hand and often,
contain references to further sources of
information. For ready reference "John-
sons Cyclopaedia" is the best. Its articles,
are by leading authorities and have the
great merit of being signed. A student
in quoting a statement may know upon,
whose authority it is based. Appleton's
"American Cyclopedia" covers much
the same ground but its articles are un-



signed. The annual continuations of Ap-
pleton give the best summary of recent
events. The great -''Britannica" is not so
much a work of ready reference as it is
a collection of elaborate monographs.
Many of these monographs have been
reprinted separately and make books in
themselves. Such are Ingram's excellent
outline of "The History of Political
Economy," Sidgwick's "Short History of
Ethics," and Johnston's " United States."
Erom its arrangement the "Britannica" is
not easy of reference upon special points
but its articles are often the best summary
of general subjects. Of special Cyclo-
psedias, Lalor's "Cyclopaedia of Political
Science " is the most important one in
English for the field it covers. The best
parts of it are the articles on American
history by the late Alexander Johnston,
which are made especially useful by the
reference appendix to them. Taken to-
gether these articles furnish the best sum-
mary of American political history we
have. In the field of political science,
there is no cyclopaedia in English at all
comparable to the great " Handworterbuch
der Staats wissenshaften, " edited by Con-
rad and his associates, and now in course
of publication. An English "Dictionary
of Political Economy," edited by R. H. I.
Palgrave, is now publishing. Of diction-
aries of biography, Thomas is most con-
venient for ready reference. Allibonn's
"Dictionary of Authors" gives English
and American names and has recently
been brought down to date by supple-
mentary volumes. Leslie Stephen's "Dic-
tionary of National Biography" gives
very full notices of Englishmen but is
only about half completed. Of diction-
aries of history, Hayden's " Dictionary of
Dates " famishes a vast amount of infor-
mation in a form easily accessible. Low
and PuUing's "Dictionary of English
History " is convenient in its field, A
"Cyclopaedia of American History" by
Benson J. Lossing is published by Apple-
ton. Ploetz's "Epitome of Universal
History " is a chronological summary,

most convenient to have ever at hand
In this connection may be mentioned the
"Statesman's Year-book," which gives
annually an historical and statistical sum-
mary of all countries. For recent sta-
tistics and miscellaneous information the
various almanacs are useful The treasury
department publishes annually "A Sta-
tistical Abstract." For names of places
consult Lippincott's " Pronouncing Gaz-
etteer. " Of historical atlases, Droysen's
is the best in the University library. Iil
using itFreeman's "Historical Geography
of Europe " is of service. Small histor-
ical atlases are Labberton's and Long-
man's, and for the United States Mac-
Cotm's and Hart's.

It remains to mention bibliographies
and reference lists. First in importance
for students of history is Adams' "Man-
ual of Historical Literature," which gives
descriptions and criticisms of leading
works in all departments of history, with
suggestions for courses of reading. Some
useful short lists have been printed under
the title of " Economic Tracts," by the
Society for Political Education. One of
them, "The Reader's Guide," gives a
classified bibliography of political and
economic science. Two others, by Mr.
W. E. Foster of the Providence Public
Library, give useful reference lists on the
American constitution and the history of
presidential administrations. Most full
references for American history may be
found in the critical essays on sources of
information in Winsor. Various biblio-
graphies that appear from time to time
are indexed in the Bulletin of the Library
of Harvard University. Material in the
Magazines is made accessible by Poole's
"Index to Periodical Literature."

The first step in learning the use of a
library is to learn the use of its catalogue,
the second is to become familiar with its
books of reference, bibliographies and the
like. It is with a view of assisting any
who may have neglected this work, that
attention han been called to a few of the
most useful of this class.






FOR 1891-2.

E. D. ADAMS, Ph. D.

Instruction in this department is given by
means of lectures, recitations, reports, dis-
cussions, and personal direction in study and
research. xVs tlie library is an indispensable
aid in the pursuit of the following- courses,
students are expected to become acquainted
with the best methods of collecting and
classifying material-^ and of writing and pre-
senting papers on special topics. All lectures
are supplemented by required reading and
class exercises.

Facts are essential to all historic study; yet
the aim is to take the student beyond the
mere details of events— to inquire into the
origin and development of society and the
philosophy of institutions. While the study
of the past is carried on with interest and
thoroughness, the most important part of
history — that which lies about us—is kept
constantly in view. The history of other
nations, other political systems and other
forms of administration, are studied, that we
may better understand our own. To under-
stand present social and political institutions,
and to give an intelligent solution of present
problems, is the chief aim of instruction in
historical science.


Now embraces European History, American
History and Civil Government, the History
of Institutions, Sociology, and Political Econ-
omy. The work in American History will be
continued with enthusiasm and thorough-
ness. Classes having begun this work will
continue without a break. The importance
of this work needs no comment. The prepa-
ration for good citizenship demands, among
other things, a thorough knowledge of the
growth of nationality, and the history of our
industrial, social and political development.
These, with fmancial experiments and nation-
al diplomacy, receive marked attention. The
text of the Constitution and Constitutional
Law occupy a prominent place in the study
of this branch.



1. English History. Daily. Descriptive
history. A careful study of the English peo-
ple, including race elements, social and polit-
ical institutions, and national growth.

2. Tlie History of Civilization. Lectures
daily, embracing ancient society, and the in-
tellectual development of Europe to the
twelfth century. Special attention is given
to the influence of Greek philosophy, the
Christian church, the relation of learning to
liberal government, and to the rise of modern

3. Political Economy. Daily. The funda-
mental principles are discussed and elabo-
rated by descriptive and historical methods.
All principles and theories are illustrated by
examples from present economic society. A
brief history of Political Economy may be
given at the close of the course.

4. French and German History. Daily.

Descriptive history; including race elements,
social and political institutions, and national
growth. Especial attention given to French

5. Historical Method and Criticism. One

hour each week. Examination and classifi-
cation of sources and authorities; analysis of
the works of the best historians; collection
and use of materials, and notes and biblio-

6. Statistics. Two hours each week. Sup-
plementary to all studies in economics and
sociology. The method of using statistics is
taught by actual investigation of political
and social problems. The history and theory
of statistics receives due attention.

7. JournallsHu Lectures three hours each
week. Laboratory and library work. Legal
and Historical. — Ten lectures by Prof. E. D.
Adams. JS'n.[/lish.-—T\\'er\tj-f\ve lectures by
Frofs. Dunlap and Hopkins. Netospaper
Bureau, Magazines, and Sjyecial Phases of
Journalism. — Prof. Adams.

The course was prepared especially for
those students who expect to enter journal-
ism as a profession. Although the instruc-
tors have no desire to create a special School
of Journalism for the purpose of turning out
fnlly-equipped journalists, they believe that
this course will be very helpful to those who
in the future may enter the profession. The
course will be found highly beneficial to stu



dents who want a special study in mcigazines
and newspapers as a means of general cul-
ture. The course is under the direction of
this Department, but the professors named
above have kindly and generously consented
to assist in certain phases of the work, which
occur more particularly in their respective

8. American History. Instruction is given
daily for two years in American History.
The course embraces Colonial History and

. the Local Government of the Colonies, the
Constitutional and Political History of the
Union from 1789 to the present time, the for-
mation of the Constitution, and an analysis
of the text of the constitution itself.

9. Local Administration and Law. Three
conferences each week during the first term,
covering the Management of Public Affairs in
districts, townships, counties, cities, and
States. This course is intended to increase
the sense of the importance of home govern-
ment, as well as to give instruction in its
practical details.

10. Public Finance and Banking*. Two con-
ferences each week during the first term, on
National, State, andMunicipal Financiering;
and on Theoretical and Practical Banking,
with the details of bank management.


11. Englisli Constitutional History. Two

hours each week. A special study in the
principles and growth of the English Consti-
tution. This course may be taken as a con-
tinuation of number one. As it is a special
study of Constitutional History, students
ought to have some preparation for it.

12. Renaissance and Reformation. Lec-
tures two hours each week, wiih required
reading and investigation. This course may
be taken as a continuation of number two.
It includes the Revival of Learning through-
out Europe, with especial attention to the
Italian Renaissance; a careful inquiry into
the causes, course, and results of the Refor-
mation. The course embraces the best phases
of the intellectual development of Europe.

13. Advanced Political Economy. Three
hours each week, consisting of (a) lectures on
Applied Economics, (li) Practical Observation
and Investigation, and (c) Methods of Re-
search, witn papers by the students on
special topics. This is a continuation of
number three.

14. Institulioual History. Lectures three
hours each week on Comparative Politics and '
Aduriiistration. Greek, Roman and Ger-

manic institutions are compared. The his-
torical significance of Roman law is traced in
mediaeval institutions. A short study in
Prussian Administration is given at theclose^
of the course.

15. The Rise of Democracy. Lectures two
hours each week on the Rise of Popular
Power, and the Growth of Political Liberty in
Europe. A comparison of ancient and
modern democracy, a study of Switzerland^
the Italian Republics, the Dutch Republic,
and the Erench Revolution, constitute the
principal part of the work. Students will
read May's Democracy in Europe.

16. Elements of Sociology, Lectures three
hours each week on the Evolution of Social
Institutions from the Primitive Unit, the
Family; including a discussion of the laws
and conditions which tend to organize
society. The later part of the course is de-
voted to modern social problems and social-
istic Utopias.

17. Charities and Corrections, Two hours
each week. Various methods of treatment
of the poor. Scientific charity. Treatment
of the helpless. Prison reform. State refor-
matories. This course is supplementary ta
number sixteen. Special efforts will be made
towards a practical study of Kansas institu-

18. Land and Land Tenures. Lectures two
hours each week. This course treats of
Primitive Property, the Village Community,
Feudal Tenures of France and England, and
Modern Land-holding in Great Britain and
Ireland and the United States. Reports are
made on other countries, and on recent
agrarian theories and legislation This is an
excellent preparation for the study of the
Law of Real Property,

19. The Poljticul History of Modern Europe,

Two hours each week, including the Napo-
leonic wars, German Federation, the Rise of
Prussia, the Unification of Italy, the Revolu-
tion of 1848,' the Third Republic, the Russian
problem, etc.

20. Constitutional Law. Three conferences
each week during the second term, on the
Constitution of the LTuited States; with brief
sketches of the institutions and events that
preceded its adoption, and with special atten-
tion to the sources and methods of its inter-

21. International Law Jind Diplomacy.

Class work twice each week during tiie second
term; using Davis on the Rise and Growth of



international Law, and Schuyler on the
History of American Diplomacy.

22. The Status of Womau in the United
States. Three conferences each week during
the second term, on the Status of Woman in
all countries and times ; with special investiga-
tion of the present legal, political, industrial,
and professional position of women in the
different States of the American Union.

23. The Histories and Methods of Legisla-
tire Assemblies. Two conferences^each week
during the second term on the Rise and
Growth of Legislative assemblies, their rules
of order and methods of business.

24. Medijeyal History. Two-fifths of the
last term of the Freshman year. For all
students whose admission papers show that
they have had Elementary Physics, Hygiene,
and Chemistry. The course includes a study
of the fall of the Western Empire, the Teu-
tonic Races, and the rise of new nationalities.

25. Seminary. Two hours eacli week
throughout the year.

New Courses. Other courses may be given
in Political Philosophy, Modern Municipal
Government, Roman Law, the South Ameri-
can Republics, and Comparative administra-

Graduate Courses. To those desiring them
special courses for post-graduate students
will be given in the following subjects: The
History of Institutions, American History

Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 28 of 62)