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Seminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science online

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and Civil Government, Sociology, Political
Economy.

Newspaper Bureau. In connection with
the work of the Department a Newspaper
Bureau is maintained. In this the leading
cities of the United States are represented
by some twenty daily and weekly newspa-
pers. The principal object of the Bureau is
to enable students to form habits of system-
atic reading, to keep informf d on the current
topics of the day, to study the best types of
modern journalism, to learn to discriminate
between articles o"" temporary value only and
those of more permanent worth, to make a
comparative study of editorial work, to mas-
ter for the time being the current thought
on any particular subject, and to preserve by
clippings properly filed and indexed, impor-
tant materials for the study of current his-
tory and public life— to malie history, by the
arrangement and classification of present
historical matter.



Preparation for Entrance to the University.

— The time spent in the high schools in the
study of history is necessarily limited. For
this reason it is essential that the greatest
care be exercised in preparing students for
entrance into the University. At present
very little history is required in the Freshman
and Sophomore years, and the students enter
upon t he study of the Junior and Senior years
without thorough preparation for the work.
It would seem that the aim should be for all
those who contemplate entering the Univer-
sity to learn the story of nations pretty thor-
oughly. A general outline of the world's
history with a special study of the United
States history and government represents the
field. But this outline should be something
more than a mere skeleton of facts and dates
It should be well rounded with the political,
social and economic life of the people. Stu-
dents will find a general text-book, such as
Myer's, Sheldon's or Fisher's indispensable: but
the work of preparation ought not to stop here.
Such works as Fylfe's Greece, Creighton's
Rome, Seebohm's Era of Protestant (-{.evolu-
tion, Cox's Greece, and others in the Primer,
Epoch, and Stories of Nations, series ought to
be read. The object of this reading is to
familiarize the student with the political and
social life of the principal nations of the
world. For this purpose everything should
be as interesting as possible. Such an inter-
est should be aroused that the student would
not be puzzled over dates and threadbare
facts, but would seize and hold those things
that are useful on account of the interest his
mind has in them. That history which is
gained by a bare memory of events is soon
lost. It grows too dim for use and conse-
quently leads to confusion. With the story
of the nations well learned the student comes
to the University ^prepared for the higher
scientific study of history and its kindred
topics, He is then ready for investigation,
comparison and analysis. He then takes up
the real investigation of the philosophy of
institutions and of national development.
He is then ready for the science of Sociology,
Institutional History, Political Economy, the
Science of Government, Statistics or Political
Economy. Students who enter the Univer-
sity without this preparation find it necessary
to make up for it by the perusal of books,
such as those mentioned above.



172



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



STUDENTS' LIBRARIES.

Every student in the University should lay the foundation of a good working library. Such libraries are
not "made to order" at some given time, under specially favorable financial conditions— but are the result of
considerable sacrifice, and are of slow growth. The wise expsnditure of even ten dollars in each term will
bring together books which if thoroughly mastered will be of great assistance in all later life. Room-mates,
or members of the same fraternity, by combining their libraries and avoiding the purchase of duplicates, can
soon be in possession of a most valuable collection of authors. Assistance in selecting and in purchasing will
be given upon application.

The prices named below are the list prices of the publishers.

Aw) hook in the list helotv can he had of field & Gibh, liooksellers and Stationers.

Students are required to purchase books marked with an asterisk.



American Book Company, Chicag'o.

Manual of the Constitution, Andrews

Analysis of Civil Government, Townsend

Civil Government, Peterman

History of England, Thalheimer

Mediteval and Modern History, Thalheimer

Outlines of History, Fisher

General History of the World, Barnes

Political Economy, Gregory

Lessons in Political Economy, Champlin



Ginn & Co., Boston and Chicago.

Ancient History, Myers & Allen ?

MediEeval and Modern History, Myers

Political Science and Comparative Law, Burgess,

Macy's Our Government

*General Histoi'y, Myers

Leading facts in English History, Montgomery...

Philosophy of "Wealth, Clark

Political Science Quarterly, Yearly

Washington and His Country, Fiske



1.00
1.00

.60
1.00
1.60
3.40
1.60
1.20

.90



1.50
1.50
5.00
.75
1.50
1.13
1.00
3.00
1.00



Harpers, New York.

*History of Germany, Lewis 1.50

^•International Law, Davis 2.00

*Political History of Modern Times, Mueller 2.00

*Short English History, Green 1.20

Civil Policy of America, Draper 3.00

History of English People, Green, 4 vols 10.00

History of United States, Hildreth, 6 vols 13.00

The Constitution, Story 90

Holt & Co., New York.

*American Politics, Johnston % 1.00

American Colonies, Doyle, 3 vols 9.00

American Currency, Sumner 3.50

History of Modern Europe, Fyffe, 3 vols 7.50

Political Economy, Walker..- 3.25

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston.

*Civil Government in United States. Fiske $ 1.00

American Commonwealths, 13 vols., each 1.35

American Statesmen, 34 vols., each 1.35

American Revolution, Fisk, 3 vols 4.00

Critical Period of American History. Fisk 3.00

Emancipation of Massachusetts, Adams 1..50

Epitome of History, Ploetz 3.00

War of Secession, Johnson 2.50

Appleton, New York.

Dynamic Sociology, Ward, 3 vols $ 5.00

History of Civilization, Guizot 1.25

Political Economy, Mill, 3 vols 6.00

Cranston & S^owe, Chicago.
♦Political Economy, Ely $ 1.00

Macmillan, New York.
Constitutional History, England, Stubbs, 3 vols.a* 7.80
Principles of Economics, Marshall, vol. I 3.00



Armstrong, New York.

*Democracy in Europe, May, 3 vols $ 3.50

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London.

*American Citizen's Manual, Ford... 8 1.25

Unwritten Constitution of the U. S., Tiedeman... 1.00

History of Political Economy, Blanqui 3.00

Introduction to Eng. Econon. Hist, and Theory,

Ashley 1.50

Indust. and Com. Supremacy of Eng., Rogers 3.00

Economic Interpretations of History, Rogers 3.00

Constitutional History of the U.S., Sterne 1.35

*Tarif[ History of the United States, Taussig 1.85

The Story of Nations, 34 vols., each 1.50

Heroes of the Nations, 18 vols., each 1.50

American Orations, ed. by Johnston, Svols., each 1.25

Callaghan & Co., Chicago.
Constitutional History of U. S., Von Hoist, 6 vol 820.00

Constitutional Law of U. S., Von Hoist 3.00

Political Economy, Roscher, 2 vols 6.00

Crow^ell, New York.

*History of France, Duruy $ 8.00

Labor Movejuent in America, Ely 1.50

Life of Washington, pop. ed., Irving, 3 vols 8.50

Problems of To day, Ely 1.50

Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

History of Greece, Grote, 10 vols $17.50

Parkman's Works, per vol 1.50

Rise of the Republic, Frothingham 3.50

Longmans, Green <5s Co., New^ York.

Epochs of Ancient History, each vol $ 1.00

Epochs of Modern History, each vol 1.00

Political Economy, pop. ed.. Mill 1.75

The Crusades, Cox LOtt

Scritaners, New York.

*American Diplomacy, Schuyler $ 2.50

History of Rome, Mommsen, 4 vols 8.00

Lombard Street, Bagehot 1.25

Silent South, Cable 1.00

t ilver Burdett & Co., Boston.

*Historical Atlas, Labberton $1.50 or $ 2.00

*Historical Geography of U. S., MacCoun 1.00

♦Institutes of Economics, Andrews 1.50

Institues of General History, Andrews 2.0d

Dodd, Mead & Co., New York.

History of United States, Schouler, 5 vols $11.50

D. C. Heath & Co., Boston.

*The State, Woodrow Wilson $ 2.00

Principles of Political Economy, Gide 2.00

Methods of Teaching History, Hall 1.50

General History, Sheldon 1-60

*01d South Leaflets, 38 Nos., each 05

History Topics, Allen 25

State and Fed. Govei-nments of the U. S., Wilson 50

The American Citizen, Dole 90

Comparative View of Governments, Wenzel 20

Studies in American History, Sheldon— Barnes...



SEMINARY NOTES

State University — Lawrence, Kansas.



Vol. I.



MAY, 1892.



No. 8.



SEMINARY OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.



All students connected with the department
of History and Sociology are, hf- virtue of
such connection, members of the Seminary.
All students having two or more studies
under the instructors of the department are
required to take the work of the Seminary as
pait of their work in course.

The meetings of the Seminary are held every
Friday, in Room 15, University Building.
Public meetings will be held from time to
time, after due announcement.

The work of the Seminary .consists of special
papers and discussions, on topics connected
with the Department mentioned; prepared
as far as possible from consultation of
original sources and from practical investi-
gation of existing conditions, under the per-
sonal direction of the officers of the Seminary.

Special assistance in choice of themes,
authorities, etc., is given members of the
Seminary who have written work due in the
department of Plistory and Sociology, or in
the Department of English, or in any of the
lite'rary societies or other similar organiza-
tions in the University; on condition that the
results of such work shall be presented to the
Sejninary if so required.

In connection with the work of the Semi-
nary, a Newspaper bureau is maintained. In
this the leading cities of the United States
are represented by some twenty, daily and
weekly newspapers. Thn piincipal object of
the Bureau is to enable students to form
habits of systematic reading, to keep informed
on the current topics of the day, to study the
best types of modern Journalism, to learn to
discriminate between articles of temporary
value only and those of more permanent
worth, to make a comparative study of edi-
torial work, to master for the time being the
current thought on any particular subject,
and to preserve by clippings properly filed and
indexed, important materials for the study of
current history and public life— to make his-
tory by the arrangement and classification of
present historical matter.

Special investigation and study will be
undertaken during each year, bearing on some
one or more phases of the administration of
public affairs in this State; the purpose being



to combine service to the State with the reg-
ular work of professional and student life.
In this special work the advice and cooper-
ation of State and local officials and of
prominent men of affairs is constantly sought,
thus bringing to students the experience and
judgment of the world about them.

Graduates of our own University, or other
persons of known scholarly habits, who have
more than a passing interest in such work as
the Seminary undertakes, and who are willing
to contribute some time and thought to its
success, are invited to become corresponding
members of the Seminary. Tjie only condi-
tion attached to such membership is, that
each corresponding member shall prepare
during each University year one paper, of not
less than two thousand five hundred words,
on some subject within the scope of the Sem-
inary; and present the same in person at such
time as may be mutually agreed upon by the
writer and the officers of the Seminary, or in
writing if it be found impossible to attend
a meeting of the Seminary.

The library of the University and the time
of the officers of the Seminary are at the
service of corresponding members, in con-
nection with Seminary work — within reason-
able limits.

More than twenty gentlemen, prominent in
official and professional circles, have already
connected themselves with the Seminary, and
have rendered very acceptable service during
past years.

The officers and members of the Seminary
will gladly render all possible assistance ot
any public officials who may desire to collect
special statistics or secure definite informa-
tion on such lines of public work as are
properly within the sphere of the Seminary.

Any citizen of Kansas interested in this
work is invited to correspond with the Semi-
nary, and to be present at its meetings when
possible.

FRANK W. BLACKMAR,

DiRECTOK.

FRANK H. IIODDER,

Vice-Die ECTOR.
EPHRAIM D. ADAMS,

Secretary.



174



SEMINARY NOTES.



RISE AND GROWTH OF INDIVIDUALISM.

The I'uUowiug is an abstract of Chancellor James H. Caufield's address before the Seminary on March 18th.



r



c)rnHE speaker's theme was the rise and



growth of the idea of individual pow-
er, individual freedom and individual
responsibility. After showing that these
ideas were not known in early forms of
national life, and tracing the history of the
earlier peoples through the Hebrew repub-
lic, the Oriental monarchies, the Greek
and Roman- state, he referred to the so-
called barbarians, the Teutonic race, the
real ancestors of the pure American.
These had within their grasp thoughts and
puposes and principles, the germs of future
beliefs and of future national life that were
worth far more than Greece or Rome ever
possessed. The grandest characteristics
of modern life have come to us from the
old Teutons. It was the fresh blood that
gave new life to the world, as fresh blood
always give new life. The southern tribes
gradually disappeared before the northern,
both uniting to form a race better than
either, but with all the vigor and staying
power of the northern. All instincts of
modern life are Teutonic. All common
law is of Germanic origin. The strength
and intensity of purpose, the determination
to lead a masterful existence, the virility
and grip and grit of modern life — all these
come from the Germans.

After the fall of the Roman empire,
several forms of government struggled for
the mastery in Europe. None was at any
time wholly dominant. One of these
forms, apparently very weak at first, but
constantly gaining in strength, was that of
democracy. Democracy is founded on
the idea that each man is an accountable
being; that he is not naturally under
domination ; that the working out of his
destiny lies within himself. This thought
if not instinctive with the earliest man is
at least an instinct of civilization. In a
democratic state men do not live for the
government, but the government exists for



man ; there are no rulers, but public ser-
vants ; the many are not on all-fours and
saddled for the few to ride.

The first movement toward freedom and
individualism that was really a great
movement and had staying power was the
Reformation. The old Teutonic element
was well at the front again. It is impos-
sible to think of the Reformation as
beginning with the Latin race. The seeds
of Protestanism had been with the Ger-
mans from the earliest day. No idolatry,
no peculiarly consecrated place for wor-
ship, and the individual accountability of
each person direct to God, with no
intermediary — this was the great move-
ment that touched all people alike, that
ministered to and enlarged and quickened
and made grand the common life of
Christendom.

Then came the civil freedom of man.
If he could question eternal things, he
could certainly question temporal things.
If he could determine his relations to
God, he could certainly determine his
relations to an earthly ruler. And so on
every side and in every direction a civil
law began to encroach upon the ecclesias-
tical law. This movement must follow
the religious movement because it was
intellectual while the religious was emo-
tional — and the emotional nature is the
first to move in such a young race as the
Teutons. Following this legal advance
came the advance to an independence in
literature which began to reflect individual
thought concerning those matters of deep-
est interest in individual life.

Then followed the advance in that
wonderful century which just preceded
the seutlement of America. But individ-
ualism was not to win so easily. Brute
force asserted itself and the people were
again ignored and maltreated and then
forgotten altogether. Then came the



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



175



French revolution. It was a destructive
and disastrous explosion ; but very few
movements in the world's history have
been freighted with greater blessings. It
was in some senses on even a higher level
than our own. It sprang out of the
stupidity and oppression of the Bourbons,
who were endowed by nature and perfect-
ed by grace with all that kings .ought not
to have or to be. The French people
demanded recognition and right of way.
That constituted the revolution. And
with the revolution went all the traces of
feudalism. The dead past disappeared
— except the Bourbon family, which re-
mained to curse all nations with its
similitudes and counterparts even to this
day. The French revolution was the
beginning of constitutionalism, of regu-
lated and restrained authority in Europe.

Our own struggle had been marked by
the cool and conservative temper of the
Anglo Saxon and of the Puritan. We
erected a federal republic, not a pure
democracy. It was a government marked
by the distrust of the people, in which the
so-called better class took to themselves
all the power and all the responsibility,
because the better class had no confidence
in the people. But the democratic idea
had taken root and grew so rapidly that
by the end of the first twenty-five years
we had thrown aside extreme federalism
and were rapidly becoming the democratic
republic of to-day. Yet the development
of individualism was with us very one-
sided from the start; because we had an
aristocracy that must be gotten rid of ;
and because we ignored women.

The first time that a great moral ques-
tion came up in this country woman
pushed right to the front. She was met
with derision and scandal and abuse and
ecclesiastical and social excommunication,
but she forged right along. Her great
power lay in the general correctness and
force of her moral instincts. Most women
are instinctively right and righteous. Like
the magnetic needle they are delicately
poised and swerve readily, but they point



true to the pole. Man, on the contrary,
is generally and persistently and sullenly
wrong. He has to be set by force of
arms every morning to agree with the
governor, like the weather cocks in New
Amsterdam. He relies too much upon his
own strength and arbitrarily sets aside the
proper feeling of dependence and moral
submission.

In attempting to make us see what a
horrible thing human slavery was, a few
men and women gave marvelous proof of
personal power and of individualism.
Such were usually far in advance of their
age. I asked an English workman once
what Avas the great inspiration of his class
in his own country during the late Ameri-
can war. Said he: "I can tell you. I
was at the meeting held at Hyde park,
which was broken up by the soldiery.
We were charged by cavalry and driven
out of the enclosure. We marched back
to London, 30,000 strong, and as we
marched we sang the song of John
Brown." So it happened that we who
had set ourselves against fanatics suddenly
found that they were right and that we
were wrong. When the first gun was
fired on Sumpter the people awoke to
a keen and even painful sense of their
personal and individual responsibility for
the then condition of things. When it
came to the necessity of going into the
ranks it was an individual matter. There
was no putting the question over into the
next pew. The greatest lesson of the war
was the lesson of the responsibility of
every man and every woman for the state
of society. A marvelous moral and intel-
lectual activity grew out of it. The signs
of it are everywhere — the very air is full
of it. In education and in literature and
in oratory individualism wins the day.
No one is like any one else. The same
fact is true in the industrial world. To-
day competition is not lying about the
other man, but showing individuality in
meeting the demands of the market better
than the other man. New forms and new
designs and new adaptations are carrying



176



SEMINARY NOTES.



the day. A man cannot succeed along the
old lines. He must have used his own
brain to good purpose to meet the de-
mand. This is the way that nations can
hold the markets of the world ; and in no
other way. This is why all nations desire
to come in contact with all other nations
— that they may find out what is being
done and how ; that they may surpass it.
Isolation and seclusiveness are unnatural,
and both signs and causes of weakness and
cowardice.. When there is common oc-
cupancy of common ground, then in all
directions individuality asserts itself and
gains the mastery of all forces.

Of course, there are some who are
frightened at the individual freedom of
to-day in thought and in action ; who
think that there is grave danger in this
condition ; who cannot see that it is
the legitimate outcome of the past and
that it is full of promise for the future ;
who uttei-ly fail to realize that when one
is working for himself and thinking for
himself, life means ' more than it can
otherwise mean of advancement and of
strength ; who do not at all understand
that opinions are the stages that show
advancement along the road, while for-
mulae learned by rote and parrotted day
after day only mark the way to second
childhood or to the grave. It has always
been thus ; the new life and the better life
of the world tugging in the collar, with
conservatism and "vested rights" and
Bourbonism and hunkerdom with foot on
the brake. The heart of Pharaoh is ever
so hardened that he will not let the Lord's
children go that they may worship as they
will ; but they reach the promised land at
last. The classicist moaned over the fall
of an empire so corrupt that we wonder
now that a righteous God permitted it to
curse the earth so long; but upon its
ruins rest the great free states of to-day.
The church shrunk terror-stricken when a
little monk nailed the theses on the cath-
edral door, but to that act we owe the
religious strength and and freedom of
Christendom. Men cried that all was



lost when the hot flames of revolution
licked up the refuse of the past in France;
but a mighty republic is soaring upward
on untiring wing. The Adamses and
Hancocks and Hamiltons saw the cis-
Atlantic nation already disintegrated and
in the sere and yellow leaf because of the
rising power of that "incarnation of infi-
delity, and Jacobin casuistery, " Jefferson,
but the people lifted our ark of the cov-
enant and are carrying it in safety.

That there is a danger none can deny.
Freedom unchains all the forces of society
— bad as well as good. A government
by the people is by the weak and ignorant
people as well as by the wise and strong
people. And this is inevitable. Some
people will go better in leading strings
than they will go alone. But it is better
that all men should all go free and alone
even though some fall never to rise, than
that all men should go in leading strings.
It is quite impossible for us to tell who
may need the leading strings ; and it is
more impossible to tell who may hold the
leading strings.

In closing, the speaker said that per-
sonal freedom and personal accountability
compel us to seek the truth without
regard to the results of our investigation
either on ourselves or on our precon-
ceived ideas or on the community. Only
the truth thus sought and proclaimed will
make us free. We cannot be free unless
we thus accept the responsibility of our
own' actions [and thoughts. It would be
very pleasant to belong to a church in
which the priest carried all our sins or to
a government where the monarch carried
all the care; but we all know that this is
not accounted life to-day. We must be •
prepared for pain ; for the most painful
thing on earth is to grow and change.
This is chiefly because others do not
grow as you do ; or in the direction in
which you do ; and then you find yourself
cut off from father or mother or friends or
from the entire community. It is hard to



Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 29 of 62)