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Seminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science online

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leonic wars, German Federation, the Rise of
Prussia, the Unification of Italy, the Revolu-
tion of 1848, the Third Republic, the Russian
problem, etc.

20. Constitutional Law. Three conferences
each week during the second term, on the
Constitution of the United States; with brief
sketches of the institutions and events that
preceded its adoption, and with special atten-
tion to the sources and methods of its inter-
pretation.

21. International Law and Diplomacy,

Class work twice each week during the second
term; using Davis on the Rise and Growth of



SEMINAR Y NOTES.



;o3



International Law, and .Schuyler on the
History of American Diplomacy.

22. The Sla!us of Woman iu the United
States. Three conferences each week during
the second term, on the Status of Woman in
all countries and times; with special investiga-
tion of the present legal, politic il, industrial,
and professional position of women in the
different States of the American Union.

23. The Histories and Methods of Lej?isla-
tire Assemblies. Two conferences each week
during the second term on the llise and
Growth of Legislative assemblies, their rules
of order and methods of business.

24. Mediaeval History. Two-fifths of the
last term of the Fre hman year. For all
students whose admission papers show that
they have had Elementary I'hy Hygiene,
and Chemistry. The course includes a study
of the fall of the Western Empire, the Teu-
tonic Raees, and the rise of new nationalities.

25. Seminary. Two hours each week
throughout the year.

New Courses. Other courses may be given
in Political Philosophy. Modern Municipal
Government, Roman Law, the South Ameri-
can Republics, and Comparative administra-
tion.

trraduate Conrscs. To those desiring them
special courses for po^t-graduate students
will be given in the following subjects; The
liistory of Institutions, American History
and Civil Government, Sociology, Political
Economy.

Newspaper Bureau, In connection with
the work of the Department a Newspaper
JJureau is maintained. In this the leading
cities of the United States are represented
by some twenty daily and weekly newspa-
pers. The principal oV)ject of the Bureau is
to enable students to form habits of system-
atic reading, to keep inform d on the current
topics of the day, to study the best types of
modern journalism, to learn to discriminate
between articles of temporary value only and
those of more permanent worlh, to make a
comparative study of editorial work, to mas-
ter for the time being the current thought
on any particular subject, and to preserve by
clippings properly filed and indexed, impor-
tant materials for the study of current his-
tory and public life — to malie history, by the
arrangement and classification of present
historical matter.



Preparation for Entrance to the University.

—The time spent in the high schools in the
study of history is necessarily limited. For
this reason it is essential that the greatest
care be exercised in preparing students for
entrance into the University. At present
very little history is re quired in the Freshman
and Sophomore years, and the students enter
upon ihe study of the Junior and Senior years
without thorough preparation for the work.
It would seem that the aim should be for all
those who contemplate entering the Univer-
sity to learn the story of nations pretty thor-
oughly. A general outline of the world's
history with a special study of the United
States history and government represents the
field, ikit this outline should be something
more than a mere skeleton of facts and dates
xt should be well rounded with the political,
social and economic life of the people. Stu-
dents will find a general text-book, such as
Mj-er's, Sheldon's or Fisher's indispensable; but
the work of preparation ought not to stop here.
Such works as Fyffe's Greece, Creighton's
Rome, Seebohm's Era of Protestant devolu-
tion, Cox's Greece, and others in the Primer,
Epoch, and Stories of Nations, series ought to
be read. The object of this reading is to
familiarize the student with the political and
social life of the principal nations of the
world. For this purpose everything should
be as interesting as possible. Such an inter-
est should be aroused that the student would
not be puzzled over dates and tlireadbare
facts, but would seize and hold those things
that are usef id on account of the interest his
mind has iu them. That history which is
gained by a bare memory of events is soon
lost. It grows too dim f.)r use and conse-
quently leads to confusion. With the story
of tlie nations well learned the student comes
to the University prepared for the higher
scientific study of history and its kindred
topics. He is then ready for investigation,
comparison and analysis. He then takes up
the real investigation of the philosophy of
institution;-, and of national development.
He is then ready for the science of Sociology,
Institutional History, Political Economy, the
Science of Government, Statistics or Political
Economy. Students who enter the Univer-
sity without this preparation find it necessary
to make up for it by the perusal of books,
such as those mentioned above.



204



SEMINARY NOTES.



STUDENTS' LIBRARIES.

Every student in tlie University slionld lay the foundation of a good worliing library. Such libraries are
not "made to order" at some given time, under specially favorable financial conditions— but are the result of
considerable sacrifice, and are of slow growth. The wise expenditure of even ten dollars in each term will
taring together books which if thoroughly mastered will be of great assistance in all later life. Room-mates,
or members of the same fraternity, by combining their libraries and avoiding the purchase of duplicates, can
soon be in possession of a most valuable collection of authors. Assistance in selecting and in purchasing will
be given upon application.

The prices named below are the list prices of the publishers.

Any hooli in. the list beloiv can. be had of Field & Gibb, Boolisellers and Stntioners.

Students are required to 2n1rc.ha.se books inarked with an asterisk.



American Book Company, C'nicago.

Manual of the Constitution, Andrews $ 1.00

Analysis of Civil Government, Townsend 1.00

Civil Government, Peterman .60

History of England, Thalheimer .. 1.00

Mediaeval and Modern History, Thalheimer 1.6O

Outlines of History, Fisher 2.40

General History of the World, Barnes 1.60

Political Economy, Gregory 1.20

Lessons in Political Economy, Champlin 90

Ginn & Co., Boston and Chicago.

Ancient History, Myers & Allen % l.,50

MediEBval and Modern History, Myers 1.50

Political Science and Comparative Law, Burgess, 5.00

Macy's Our Government 75

*General History, Myers l-.W

Leading facts in English History, Montgomery... \.\'i

Philosophy of Wealth, Clark 1.00

Political Science Quarterly, Yearly.- 3.00

Washington and His Country, Fiske 1.00

Harpers, New York.

♦History of Germany, Lewis l.-'iO

♦International Law, Davis 2.00

♦Political History of Modern Times, Mueller 3.00

♦Short English History, Green 1.20

Civil Policy of America, Draper 2.OO

History of English People, Green, 4 vols 10.00

History of United States, Hildretb. 6 vols J2.00

The Constitution, Story 90

Holt & Co., New York.

♦American Politics, Johnston , $ 1.00

American Colonies, Doyle, 3 vols 9.00

American Currency, Sumner 2. .50

History of Modern Europe, Fyffe, 3 vols 7.50

Political Economy, Walker 2.25

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston.

♦Civil Government in United States. Fiske $ 1.00

American Commonwealths, 13 vols., each 1.S5

American Statesmen, 24 vols., each 1.S5

American Revolution, Pisk, 2 vols 4.00

Critical Period of American History. Fisk 2.00

Emancipation of Massachusetts, Adams 1.50

Epitome of History, Ploetz 3.00

War of Secession, Johnson 2.50

Appleton, New York.

Dynamic Sociology, Ward, 2 vols $ 5.00

History of Civilization, Guizot 1.S5

Political Economy, Mill, 2 vols 6.00



Cranston & S owe, Chicago.

♦Political Economy, Ely



.!B 1.00



M cmlUa-'.J New York.
Constitutional History, England, Stubbs, 3 V(jls..!i* 7.80
Principle's of Economics, Marshall, vol. I 3.00



Armstrong, New York.

♦Democracy in Europe, May, 2 vols % a.

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London,

♦American Citizen's Manual, Ford 8 1.

Unwritten Constitution of the U. S., Tiedeman... 1,

History of Political Economy, Blanqui 3.

Introduction to Eng. Econon. Hist, and Theory,

Ashley 1.

Indust. and Com. Supremacy of Eng., Rogers 3,

Economic Interpretations of History, Rogers 3.

Constitutional History of the U.S., Sterne 1.

♦Tariff History of the United States, Taussig 1.

The Story of Nations, 34 vols., each 1

Heroes of the Nations, 12 vols., each , 1

American Orations, ed. by Johnston, 3 vols., each 1

Callaghan & Co., Chicago.
Constitutional History of U. S., Von Hoist, 6 vol $20

Constitutional Law of U. S., Von Hoist 2,

Political Economy, Roscher, 2 vols 6,

Crowell, New York.

♦History of France, Duruy 8 S,

Labor Movement in America, Ely 1

Life of Washington, pop. ed., Irving, 2 vols S,

Problems of To day, Ely 1

Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

History of Greece, Grote, 10 vols $17,

Parkman's Works, per vol 1

Rise of the Republic, Frothingham

Longmqns, Green Sc Go , New York.

Epochs of Ancient Historj^ each vol $ 1

Epochs of Modern History, each vol. 1

Political Economy, pop. ed.. Mill 1

The Crusades, Cox \

Scritaners, New York.

♦American Diplomacy, Schuyler $

History of Rome, Mommsen, 4 vols 8.

Lombard Street, Bagehot 1

Silent South, Cable 1

; ilver Burdett & Co., Boston.

♦Historical Atlas, Labberton $1..50or$ 2

*Historical Geography of U. S., MacCoun 1

♦Institutes of Economics, Andrews 1

Institues of General History, Andrews

Dodd, Mead & Co., New York.

History of United States, Schouler, 5 vols $11

D. C. Heath & Co., Boston.

♦The State, Woodrow Wilson $ 2,

Principles of Political Economy, Gide 2

Methods of Teaching History, Hall 1

General History, Sheldon 1

♦Old South Leaflets, 22 Nos., each

History Topics, Allen

State and Fed. Governments of the U. S., Wilson

The American Citizen. Dole

Comparative View of Governments, Wenzel

Studies in American History, Sheld n— i arnes...



SEMINARY NOTES

State University — Lawrence, Kansas,



Vol. II.



OCTOBER, 1892.



No. I.



SEMINARY OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.



All students connected with the department
of History and Sociology are. by virtue of such
connection, members of the Seminar3\ All
students are expected to attend the Seminary
unless excused by the instructors of the depart-
ment. Students are credited with the time
spent in Seminary work.

The nieetings of the Seminary are held every
Friday, in Room 15, University Building-.
Public meetings will be held from time to
time, after due announcement.

The work of the Seminary consists of special
papers and discussions, on topics connected
with the Department mentioned; prepared
as far as possible from consultation of
original sources and from practical investi-
gation of existing cmditions, under the per-
sonal direction of the officers of the Seminary.

Special assistance in choice of themes,
authorities, etc., is given members of the
Seminary who have written work due in the
department of History and Sociology, or in
the Department of English, or in any of the
literary societies or other similar organiza-
tions in the University; on condition that the
results of such work shall be presented to the
Seminary if so required.

In connection with the work of the Semi-
nary, a Newspaper bureau is maintained. In
this the leading cities of the United States
are represented by some twenty daily and
weekly newspapers. The principal object of
the Bureau is to enable students to form
habitsof systematic reading, to keepinformed
on the current topics of the day, to study the
best types of modern Journalism, to learn to
discriminate between articles of temporary
value only and those of more permanent
worth, to make a comparative study of edi-
torial work, to master for the time being the
current thought on any particular sul)ject,
and to preserve by clippings properly filed and
indexed, important materials for the study of
current history and public life— to make his-
tory by the arrangement and classification of
present historical matter.

Special investigation and study will be
undertaken during each year, bearing on some
one or more phases of the administration of
public affairs in this State; the purpose being



to conibine service to the State with the reg-
ular work of professional and student life.
In this special work the advice and cooper-
ation of State and local oflicials and of
prominent men of affairs is constantly sought,
thus bringing to students the experience and
judgment of the world about them.

Graduates of our own University, or other
persons of known scholarly habits, who have
more than a passing interest in such work as
the Seminary undertakes, and who are willing
to contribute some time and thought to its
success, are invited to become corresponding
members of the Seminary. The only condi-
tion attached to such membership is, that
each corresponding member shall prepare
during each University year one paper, of not
less than two thousand five hundred words,
on some subject within the scope of the Sem-
inary; and present the same in person at such
time as may be mutually agreed upon by the
writer and the officers of the Seminary, or in
writing if it be found impossible to attend
a meeting of the Seminary.

The library of the University and the time
of the officers of the Seminary are at the
service of corresponding members, in con-
nection with Seminary work— within reason-
able limits.

More than twenty gentlemen, prominent in
official and professional circles, have already
connected themselves with the Seminary, and
have rendered very acceptable service during
past years.

The officers and members of the Seminary
will gladly render all possible assistance ot
any public officials who may desire to collect
special statistics or secure definite informa-
tion on such lines of public work as are
properly within the sphere of the Seminary.

Any citizen of Kansas interested in this
work is invited to correspond with the Semi-
nary, and to be present at its meetings when
possible.

FRANK W. BLACKMAR,

DiRBCTOB.

FRANK H. HO DDE R,

YlOE-DlREOTOR,

EFHRAIM D. ADAMS,

Secretary,



SEMINAR Y NOTES.



LABOR'S PROGRESS.



■j'rpHE following address was delivered

^l at the fair grounds on Labor Day:
Fellow Citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen:

This vast assemblage of people, met to
celebrate the cause of labor, is suificient
guarantee that the authorities of the state
of Kansas, have acted wisely in setting
apart "Labor Day" as a public holiday.
They have thus acknowledged the import-
ance of labor and the justness of labor's
cause. They have thus recognized, in
keeping with the industrial progress of the
world, the chief force that has wrought
the changes in modern civilization. For
this has been truly called an industrial
age, an age in which the forces of nature
have been made subservient to man's will,
in which the materials of nature have been
transformed for man's use. Truly, the
activities of man have covered the earth
with things of beauty and use, and ele-
vated his mind and life to their full enjoy-
ment.

But until the present age progress has
been slow. It was a long time ago that
man first fashioned the bow and the arrow,
the stone axe and knife, but simple as
these implements may seem they wrought
an entire change in his industrial life. It
is a long time since the smelting of ores
and the use of metals began, but it was a
wonderful discovery, and it enlarged the
economic life. So, too, the adaptation
of man to agricultural life began at an
early period, but it marks an era in indus-
trial, social and political activity.

But how shall we compare the age of
primitive existence, when man with a few
implements only, led a nomadic life, sub-
sisting chiefly on the spontaneous products
of the soil, and of the chase, with this age
of steam and electricity, of bright whirling
machinery, of rapid railroad and steam-
ship travel, of gigantic industrial enter-
prises, with the vast stores of the accumu-
lated wealth of nature, and the volume



of finished products of every description,
supplying every want of mankind. Slowly
and steadily has all this been acquired.
Man passed from the hunter-fisher stage
to the pastoral, thence to the agricultural
with permanent political organization.
With slow and laborious process, he en-
tered the commercial or trading stage,
which finally led him to the present, or
industrial age, in which the rapid transfor-
mation of raw material into finished pro-
ducts is the chief characteristic. In all this
progress, nothing has been lost to the eco-
nomic life. Increased knowledge and skilled
labor, the multiplication of machinery and
implements, and the accumulated wealth
and capital have so quickened the pro-
cesses of industrial life that more is now
accomplished in a single hour than in a
century of the old life. But in all this
progress in supplying human wants, labor
of body and mind has been the supreme
force.

To-day we meet to celebrate the honor,
dignity and progress of labor, to consider
its mighty achievements, its glorious pros-
pects and its duties and rights. Fancy
the millions of slaves who built the mighty
pyramids of Egypt, the tombs of kings,
meeting to do honor to labor! Imagine
the Greek toilers, with all the evidence of
liberty and equality, who supplied the
economic wants of a class of politicians,
setting apart a day for the special celebra-
tion of the dignity of labor! Or consider
for a moment the slaves who built the
Coliseum of Rome, and the other mighty
works of the "Eternal City," think of
their assemblage in a vast throng to rejoice
in the dignity and independence of labor!
Or, indeed, fancy the meeting together of
the wretched factory population of Europe
of the last century to talk of the worth and
elevation of labor, to proclaim its inde-
pendence and defend its rights!

But to-day, under the potent phrase of



SEMINARY NOTES.



"Labor Day," this vast army of laborers
meet under favorable conditions; under
conditions of progress, freedom and inde-
pendence, to celebrate the power, worth
and dignity of labor, to proclaim its inde-
pendence, to define its duties and defend
its rights. You meet to celebrate the
triumph of labor in the mastery of the
forces of nature, in the accumulation of
wealth, in the variety and beauty of man-
ufactured products, in the quality of
skilled labor, and the inventive genius of
man, all, all the products of the combined
activities of the brain and the hand of
man. A.nd while not all is joy and glad-
ness, while there are many sad and sor-
rowful conditions of human life, there is
sufficient prosperity to cause us to rejoice
in the progress of the past and to take
heart and be hopeful for the future.

While we meet to-day as an industrial
class, there are many grave questions that
arise concerning the welfare of our nation
and the rights and duties of the people.
While no partisan politics should be visible
here, while here are mingled the members
of every political party of the country,
with different views as to what should be
the present policy of the government,
there is here a unity of sentiment in regard
to the safety of the republic and the wel-
fare of the people. A sentiment of Amer-
ican freemen in favor of political justice
and political and religious liberty. In
their truest sense, the political and indus-
trial life of the nation are inseparable. It
is impossible to consider industrial liberty
without considering political liberty. To
observe how closely political rights and
political liberty are connected with indus-
trial rights and industrial liberty, one
needs only to glance at the legislation of
the past fifty years, to recount the laws
controlling the rights of labor, the rights
of property and industrial enterprises of
all kinds. Everything has a strong in-
dustrial tendency, and this is a marked
evidence that the economic life, which
everywhere underlies the political, is rap-
idly coming to be most important in our



national affairs. While men may meet as
members of labor organizations to consult
their own interests, their rights and duties,
they are still members of a more powerful
organization, the state, to which they owe
allegiance and service, and which defines
rights and imposes duties, and from which
they should receive justice. While labor
organizations keep out of partisan politics,
they should look to wise and beneficent
legislation for the regulation of the great
problems that concern them.

Among the great questions of the day
that concern laborers, and indeed the
whole body of citizens, is that of industri'al
liberty. To know what constitutes indus-
trial liberty, and to have it secured to
every man, woman and child, is next in
importance to the determination of the
rights of political liberty. To insure
political liberty, ought to insure industrial
liberty, whatever that may be.

One hundred years ago the people were
struggling violently for political liberty,
which meant a struggle against all forms
of oppression. In a less violent way this
struggle has been kept up ever since. But
for what have they struggled? For equal
rights before the law. To-day the form
only has changed, and they struggle for
industrial liberty or for equal rights in the
industrial world. In the political revolu-
tion not all that was hoped for or dreamed
of was accomplished; not all that was
desirable was attained. But there was
practically demonstrated the equality of
man in the political life. The political
barriers were broken down, and men stood
theoretically equal. But this fact could
in no way insure individuals equal political
power. It could in no way make up for
the differences of individual characteris-
tics, or condition of birth and surround-
ings. Men are not born with equal
political power, nor is this equality insured
to them, only justice before the law, with
equal political rights can be insured.

So, too, the achievement of political
liberty brought with it the right of every
man to engage in whatsoever occupation,



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



or calling, or enterprise he choose, but in
no way attempted to regulate the economic
inequalities that existed then and exist to-
day. It merely said that all men shall
have a fair chance, but could in no way
regulate the inequalities arising out of the
characteristics of individuals and their
environments.

What then is industrial liberty? Does
it mean economic equality? By no means.
It means that every man shall have an
equal chance with his fellows, industrially,"
and shall have insured to him a just re-
compense for his labor, without industrial
oppression or injustice. During the in-
dustrial revolution that has swept over the
world in the past century, many grave
evils have crept into our industrial system
which have engendered oppression and
tyranny. Industrial revolution was brought
about by wonderful discoveries, great in-
ventions, and the creation of machinery,
which changed the aspect of the labor
market and transformed the economic life.
Men said, let the industrial life alone, it
will take care of itself. Economic laws
will regulate everything, and justice will
prevail. Let us have free competition
and all will be well. Let each man strug-
gle for the best investment of capital, for
the best investment of labor and economic
rights will be insured. But this neutral
course has proved inadequate to insure
economic justice. The English econo-
mists who have advocated free competi-
tion as the regulator of economic enter-
prises have witnessed the failure of the
practical workings of its principles. Great
economic changes have furnished oppor-
tunity for industrial oppression. Free
competition has existed only in theory.
Corporations, trusts and combinations
have exercised more power than they ought
and have destroyed industrial freedom
and induced industrial oppression. Not
only have laborers, and the small manu-
facturers and traders suffered, but the
whole people have suffered on this account.



Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 34 of 62)