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Seminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science online

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" References on Municipal Government,"
published in the Notes last year.

The events of the past twenty years
have been very significant to the student
of theoretical or practical politics. While
this period may not have been more re-
markable than others in the history of the
nation, it truly may be said to be a great
formative period in American politics.
Even now changes are being made which

will be of great moment to the future pol-
icy and welfare of the country. The past
struggle over constitutional questions
which absorbed so much of the attention
of statesmen and other citizens for a hun-
dred years was practically finished over a
quarter of a century ago. The great
questions concerning the rights and the
liberty of the people, or the relation of
states to federal government, were about
settled and a constitution was finally com-
pleted. We have been united into a
homogenous people with precedent and
law firmly established and there seems to
be but one legitimate field for the states-
man beyond that of keeping the machinery
of the government going and in repair,
mainly to devote his chief attention to the
questions of finance, currency, the rights
and duties of social classes and the gen-
eral business relations of the community.
The old hackneyed political questions that
have been used as campaign war cries
should be relegated to the background
and give place to the simple industrial
needs of a people.

During the long struggle on purely pol-
itical issues, party lines were drawn with
exactitude; intense partisanship was the
rule if not the necessity. But the great
political questions have been settled, the
nation now has a clearly defined policy
from which no political party dare greatly
to depart, without endangering its own
safety, and there remains nothing at pres-
ent but a faithful management of the
public machinery and the wise considera-
tion of the immediate financial and com-
mercial needs of the people. The simpler
the machinery, the more direct the laws
and the more faithful the officers are to
the trust imposed upon them the better
for the party in power and the community
at large. The general and common inter-
est is the great question at stake and this
demands attention to men rather than to
measures. Yet in the face of these con-
ditions we find that the people are loth to
give up their accustomed adherence to
party platforms, although they will ac-



knowledge that there is not much differ-
ence in them and that one party seems to
do about as well as another when in
charge of the national government not-
withstanding that campaign documents
assert the contrary. The differences
of the two great parties are now largely
fictitious. The principal issues are made
by politicians in the endeavor to make
out a strong case for their own side.
Both parties are betrayed into an ac-
knowledgment in the practice of adminis-
tration that there is no vital difference
between them. This the people are be-
ginning to see and it is becoming more
difficult each year to carry the masses on
a plan made by the fixers of the party
regardless of the dominant sentiments of
the people. There is an honest determi-
nation of the people to study political
and economic measures and to find out
for themselves what they want and to
demand it rather than allow politicians
and demagogues to tell them what they
want and force them to take it. The
people are becoming tired of bossi§m and
ring rule. They are determined to be rid
of these obnoxious taints upon free gov-
ernment. They do not always know just
how to rid themselves of these qualities
and in their attempts may flounder about
and make things worse for a time, but if
the lessons of the past teach anything it is
that no party is safe in adopting platforms
that suit the plans of politicians and de-
pending upon the party organization to
force them upon the people when the
latter do not want them. If a party
succeeds once under such conditions it
will not a second time.

But the great curse and shame of mod.
ern politics is the multitude of hungry
office seekers who consider all national
offices as so many spoils to be devoured.
It is deplorable to relate it but this class
seems to be on the increase. The large
number of individuals who live upon the
government; who are ready and willing to
accept a large office if they can get it, if
not who will take what they can get and

prepare for something greater next time;
the ward heelers who pack conventions
and primaries, the politicians who care
nothing for the needs of the people, only
so far as they can obtain something of
advantage to themselves therefrom, seem
to be multiplying. One can not look
upon the wild scramble for office that
has been taking place during the last
month without a blush of shame that our
boasted free government has been the
means of creating such a band of para-
sites, who, in pretending that the govern-
ment can not do without their services,
acknowledge that they cannot get along
without the government. Every political
party in the country is overrun with this
class, as every municipal, county, state
and national election testifies. We have
boasted as a nation that we have no class
system in the United States, but here is a
distinct class grown up in our midst, a
class whose genus is politician, whose
species are well marked but all are hybrid.
Their unmistakable marks need not be
given here; they are mostly office-gluttons
with a conscience that does not operate
respecting the needs of common society.
Yet there is one hopeful sign respecting
this class, there is hope of cutting off the
food supply of its natural habitat. The
late election laws are steps in the right
direction. There are now thirty-seven
states having these laws and doubtless
they will become universal. These laws
will become more perfect and will help
the people in obtaining an honest expres-
sion of their will in matters of govern-
ment. These laws will be followed by
others which will enable the people to
seek out representative men. This may
be a long way ahead but it will come.
There is nothing dishonorable in repre-
senting the people on a legitimate basis,
there is nothing dishonorable in the desire
of a man to represent the people, but the
chronic office-seeker, who is ready for
anything he can get has become a curse
to the government. He has multiplied
the machinery and the expenses of the



government until a small commonwealth
has officers and boards and sub-officers
and sub-boards and legislature and senate
with extra sessions sufficient to run a
nation while a burgomaster and his clerk
could attend to all necessary legislation
and administration with ease, were it not
for destroying the glorious fiction of the
right of the people to govern themselves.
This fiction has cost the people millions
of money and will cost them more if this
land is not rid of the political fixers,
demagogues and chronic species of office-
seekers that infest the land and are in the
front rank of every reform or are follow-
ing the commissary department of every

The world's congress of historians and
historical students will convene at Chi-
cago, July 10, 1893, and continue in ses-
sion for one week. The meeting place
will be in the Art Institute, on Lake Front
and Michigan avenue. Intervals will be
given during the session for members to
visit the exposition. Special invitations
have been sent out in a few instances to
historical writers to present papers; but a
general invitation is extended to persons
of this country and foreign nations to pre-
sent papers for the inspection of the com-
mittees before the meeting of the congress.
Twenty-five minutes will be allowed for

the reading of each paper and this will be
followed by discussions. Doubtless this
will be an exceedingly interesting session.
The educational features of the exposition
will prove the most valuable and interest-
ing of all the exhibits to be entered.

The work done in University Extension
in America has been quite well published
from time to time in magazines and peri-
odicals. Many points of improvement
have been suggested. There has been a
mingling of the workers of the old and the
new world to a certain extent. But the
congress to be held at Chicago in July
will be of great service in settling vexed
.questions and in creating enthusiasm for
extension work throughout the world.

It is expected that the national confer-
ence of Charities and Correction to
convene in Chicago, June 8 to 11, and the
international conference immediately fol-
lowing will prove of great interest to those
interested in charity and prison reforms.
A great deal of interest has been mani-
fested of late years in these great subjects,
and the circle of scholars and specialists
who devote their time to these lines of
study is constantly enlarging. These
congresses at Chicago ought to give the
reform movement a great impetus.






FOR 1892-93.

F. W. Br.ACKMAR. Ph. D.
E. D. ADAMS, Ph. D.

Instruction in this department is given by
means of lectures, conferences, recitations, dis-
cussions, and personal direction in studj' and
research. As the library is an indispensable aid
in the pursuit of the following courses of study,
students are expected to become acquainted
with the best methods of collecting and classifj'-
ing materials, and of writing and presenting
papers on special topics. All lectures are sup-
plemented by required reading and class exer-

The work of the department now embraces
five principal lines of study, namelj" European
History, American History and Civil Govern-
ment, Political Institutions, Sociology' or Social
Institutions, and Political Economy.

The following studies are offered for 1893-'9r!:


1. The History of Civilization. Lectures
dailj', at 8:30. Ancient Society, and the intel-
lectual development of Europe to the twelfth
century. Special attention is given to the influ-
ence of Greek philosophy and the Christian
church on European civilization, the relation of
learning to liberal government, and to the rise
of modern nationality.

2. French and German History. Daily,
at 9:30. Descriptive history. Text-book.

3. Historical Method and Criticism.
Tuesday and Thursday, at 9:30. Examination
and classification of sources and authorities.
Analj'sis of the works of the best historians.
Library work, with collection and use of mater-
ial, notes, and bibliography. Special attention
to current historical and economic literature.

4. The History of Education and the
Development of Methods of Instruction.
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 9:30. This
course may be taken with No. 3. A course for

5. English History. Daily, at 11. Descrip-
tive history. Text-book.

6. Journalism. Monday, Wednesday, and
Friday, at 12. Lectures, laboratory and library

work. English: Twenty-five lectures by Prof-
essors Dunlap and Hopkins; 15 lectures on the
history and ethics of journalisn, by Professor
Adams. Newspaper bureau. The principal
object of the bureau is to enable students to
form habits of systematic reading, to keep in-
formed on the topics of the day, and to preserve
clippings properly filed and indexed. This
course will be found highly beneficial to stu-
dents who desire a special study in magazines
and newspapers as a general culture.

7. Statistics. Tuesday and Thursday at
12. Supplementary to all studies in economics
and sociology. The method of using statistics
is taught bj' actual investigation of political and
social problems, lectures, and class-room prac-
tice. The history and theory of statistics
receive due attention.

8. American History. From the earliest
discovery to 1763. Lectures, topical reading,
and recitations. Three hours a week at 2.

9. Local and Municipal Government.

Lectures and topical reading. Two hours a
a week at 2.

Courses 8 and 9 are intended to be taken to-
gether as a full study, but may be taken sepa-

10. American History. Presidential ad-
ministrations from Washington to Jackson.
Daily, at 3. Open to Seniors in full standing,
and to other students upon approval of the

1 1. International La-w and Diplomacy.

Lectures and recitations. Two hours a week,
at 4.

12. Political Economy. Daily, at 4. The
fundamental principles are discussed, elaborated
and illustrated by examples from present eco-
nomic society. A brief history of Political
Economy closes the course.


13. Institutional History. Lectures
Monday, Wednesday', and Friday, at 8:30, on
comparative politics and administration. Greek
Roman, and Germanic institutions compared.
Historical significance of Roman law in the
middle eges. Short study in Prussian adminis-

14. Renaissance and Reformation.

Tuesday and Thursday, at 8:30. Lectures
The revival of learning with especial reference
to the Italian renaissance. A careful inquiry
into the cause, course and results of the Refor-
mation. This course may be taken as a
continuation of number 1 .



15. Political History of Modern Eu-
rope. Tuesday and Thursday at 9:30. Text-

16. Federal Government and the
French Revolution. Lectures, Monday,
Wednesday, and Friday, at 9:30, on Switzer-
land. Tlie Italian republics and the States
General of France.

17. Constitutional History of England.
Tuesday and Thursday, at 9:30. This course
may be taken as a continuation of number .').
Text-book and lectures.

18. Elements of Sociology. Lectures,
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 11. Evo-
lution of social institutions. Laws and condi-
tions that tend to organize society. Modern
social institutions and social problems.

19. Charities and Correction. Tuesday
and Thursday, at 11. Treatment of the poor
from a historical standpoint. Modern scientific
charity. The treatment of criminals. Prisons
and reformatories. Practical stud^- of Kansas
institutions. This course is supplementarj^ to
number 18.

20. Land Tenures. Lectures, Tuesday
and Thursday, at 12. This course treats of
primitive property, the village community,
feudal tenures, and modern land-holding in
Great Britain and the United States. This
course is mainly historical, and is an excellent
preparation for the study of the law of real

21. American History. Continuation of
course 8. First half-term: Historj- of the Rev-
olution and the Confederation, 1763 to 1769.
Second half-term: Brief summary of the consti-
tutional period, with Johnston's "American
Politics" as a text-book. Three hours a week,
at 2.

22. Constitutional Law. History of the
adoption of the constitution, and a studj' of its
provisions. Twice a week, at 2. Forms, with
course 21, a full stud}', but maj' be taken

23. American History. Continuation of
course 10. Presidential administrations from
Jackson to Lincoln. Daily, at 3.

24. Mediaeval History. Two-fifths of
the second term of the Freshman year. For all
students whose admission papers show that
they have had elementary physics, hygiene and
chemistry. Daily, at 3. Text-book.

25. Principles of Public Finance. Lec-
tures on public industries, budget legislation,
taxation and public debts. Open to students
who have studied political economy one term
Two hours a week, at 4.

26 The Status of "Woman. Confer-
ences. Tuesday and Thursday, at 4 Indus-
trial condition, including a study of labor,
wages, etc. Woman in the professions. Their
political and legal abilities and disabilities.
Property rights. Condition of woman in Europe
and the Orient. Social questions.

27. Advanced Political Economy.
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 4. (Con-
sisting of (a) lectures on applied economics; (h)
practical observation and investigation; and (c)
methods of research, with papers by students
on special topics. This course is a continuation
of number 12.

General Seminary, on Friday, at 4. Stu-
dents in History and Sociology are required to
attend the Seminary unless excused by special
arrangement. Full credit will be allowed for
time spent in Seminary work. At the beginning
of the term, students may elect other work in
place of the seminary, if they choose.


L Economics. Courses 7, 13, 18, 19, 20,
and 27.
n. European History. Courses, 2, 3, 5,

13, 15, and 16.

in. American History. Courses 8, 9, 10,
21, 22, and 23.

IV. Social Institutions. Courses, 1, 12,

14, 18, 19, and 4 (or 26).

V. Political Institutions. Courses 3, 7,
9, 15, 13, 16, 17, 20, and 22.


Persons desiring to take the degree of A. M.
may do so by the completion of any one or all
of the following courses. The work is carried
on by the investigation of special topics under
the personal direction of the instructor. An
hour for conference will be arranged for each
student. The courses extend throughout the

I. American History. Open to graduates
and students who have studied American His-
tory two years.

II. Economics. Open to graduates and
students who have taken the undergraduate
work in political economy. Courses 12, 27,
and 8.

Ill Political and Social Institutions.

Open to graduates and students who have taken
the undergraduate work in the history of insti-
tutions and sociology. Courses 12, 27, and 7

The above courses are for students who de-
sire proficiency in a special line. These courses
will not in any waj' interfere with the general
rules of the Faculty respecting graduate work.



(Catalogue, 1891-'93, pp. 130, 131.) By these
rules, a graduate student may take any of the
37 courses mentioned above (except 15 and 34) as
a preparation for the degree of A M.

Preparation for Entrance to the Uni-
versity. The time spent in the high schools
in the study of history is necessarily limited.
For this reason it is essential that the greatest
care be exercised in preparing students for en-
trance to the University. At present very
little history is required in the Freshman and
Sophomore j^ears, and the students enter upon
the study of the Junior and Senior years with-
out thorough preparation for the work. It
would seem that the aim should be for all those
who contemplate entering the Universitj^ to
learn the story of nations pretty thoroughly. A
general outline of the world's history with a
special study of the United States History and
government represents the field. But this out-
line should be more than a mere skeleton of
facts and dates. It should be well rounded
with the political, social, and economic life
of the people. Students will find a general
text-book, such as Myer's, Sheldon's, or Fisher's,
indispensible; but the work of preparation
ought not to stop here. Such works as Fyflfe's
Greece, Creighton's Rome, Seebohm's Era of

Protestant Revolution, Cox's Greece, and others
in the Primer, Epoch, and Stories of Nations
series ought to be read. The object of this
reading is to familiarize the student with the
political and social life of the principle nations
of the world. For this purpose everything
should be as interesting as possible. Such an
interest should be aroused that the student
would not be puzzled over dates and threadbare
facts, but would seize and hold those things
that are useful on account of the interest his
mind has in them. That history which is
gained b}' a bare memorj' of events is soon lost.
It grows too dim for use and consequently^ leads
to confusion. With the story of the nations
well learned the student comes to the University
prepared for the higher scientific study of history
and its kindred topics. He is then ready for
investigation, comparison and anal^'sis. He
then takes up the real investigation of the phil-
osophy of institutions and of national develop-
ment. He is then ready for the science of
Sociology, Institutional History, Political Econ-
omy, the Science of Government, Statistics or
Political Economy. Students who enter the
University without this preparation find it
necessary to make up for it as best they can by
the perusal of books, such as those mentioned




Every student n the niversity should lay the foundation of a good working library. Such libraries are
not "made to order" at some given time, under specially favorable financial conditions— but are the result of
considerable sacrifice, and are of slow growth. The wise expenditure of even ten dollars in each term will
bring together books which if thoroughly mastered will be of great assistance in all later life. Room-mates,
or members of the same fraternity, by combining their libraries and avoiding the purchase of duplicates, can
soon be in possession of a most valuable collection of authors. Assistance in selecting and in purchasing will
be given upon application.

The prices named below are the list prices of the publishers.

Students are required to purchase books marked with an asterisk.
American Book Company, C'nicago.

Manual of the Constitution, Andrews $ 1.00

Analysis of Civil Government, Townsend 1.0U

Civil Government, Peterman 60

History of England, Thalheimer 1.00

Medieval and Modern History, Thalheimer 1.60

Outlines of History, Fisher !i.40

General History of the World, Barnes 1.60

Political Economy, Gregory 1-20

Lessons in Political Economy, Champlin .90

Ginn & Co., Boston and Chicago.

Ancient History, Myers & Allen $ 1.50

Mediaeval and Modern History, Myers 1.50

Political Science and Comparative Law, Burgess, 5.00

Macy's Our Government -TO

*General History, Myers 1.50

Leading facts in English History, Montgomery... l.ia

Philosophy of Wealth, Clark 1.00

Political Science Quarterly, Yearly 3.00

Washington and His Country, Fiske 1.00

Harpers, New York.

♦History of Germany, Lewis 1.50

♦International Law, Davis a.OO

♦Political History of Modern Times, Mueller 2.00

♦Short English History, Green 1.20

Civil Policy of America, Draper a.OO

History of English People, Green, 4 vols 10.00

History of United States, Hildreth, 6 vols 13.00

The Constitution, Story 90

Holt & Co., New York.

♦American Politics, Johnston $ 1.00

American Colonies, Doyle, 3 vols 9.00

American Currency, Sumner 2.50

History of Modern Europe, Fyffe, 3 vols 7.50

Political. Economy, Walker 2.35

Houghton, MifHin & Co., Boston.

Discovery of America, Fiske, 3 vols $ 4.00

American Comnionwealths, 14 vols., each 1.25

American Statesmen, 24 vols., each 1.25

American Revolution, Fiske, 3 vols 4.00

Critical Period of American History, Fiske 3.00

Epitome of History, Ploetz 3.00

Christopher Columbus, Winsor 4.00

Appleton, New York.

Dynamic Sociology, Ward, 2 vols $ 5.60

History of Civilization, Guizot 1.25

Political Economy, Mill, 3 vols 6.00

Cranston & Stowe, Chicago.

♦Political Economy, Ely

.$ 1.00

Macmillan," New York.

Constitutional History, England, Stubbs, 3 vols..$ 7.80
Principles of Economics, Marshall, vol. I 3.00

Armstrong, New York.
♦Democracy in Europe, May, 3 vols $ 3.50

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London.

♦American Citizen's Manual, Ford $ 1.35

Unwritten Constitution of the U. S., Tiedeman ... 1.00

History of Political Economy, Blanqui 3.00

Introduction to Eng. Econom. Hist, and Theory

Ashley 1..50

Indust. and Com. Supremg-cy of Eng., Rogers 3.00

Economic Interpretations of History, Rogers 3.00

Constitutional History of the U.S., Sterne 1.35

♦Tariff History of the United States, Taussig 1.35

The Story of Nations, 34 vols., each 1.50

Heroes of the Nations, 12 vols., each 1.50

American Orations, ed. by Johnston, 3vo]s., each 1.35

Callaghan & Co., Chicago.
Constitutional History of U. S., Von Hoist, 8 vol $35.00

Constitutional Law of U. S., Von Hoist 8.00

Political Economy, Roscher, 3 vols '. 6.00

Crowell, New York.

♦History of France, Duruy $ 3.00

Labor Movement in America, Ely 1.50

Life of Washington, pop. ed., Irving, 2 vols. 3.50

Problems of To-day, Ely 1.50

Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

History of Greece, Grote, 10 vols $17.50

Parkman's Works, per vol. 1.50

Rise of the Republic, Frothingham S.-TO

Longraans, Green & Co., New York.

Epochs of Ancient History, each vol $ 1.0(!

Epochs of Modern History, each vol 1.00

Political Economy, pop. ed.. Mill 1.75

The Crusades, Cox 1.00

Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 58 of 62)